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McLean County, Illinois

McLean County is the largest county by land area in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 169,572.[1] Its county seat is Bloomington.[2]

McLean County, Illinois
McLean County Courthouse and Square (7436726814).jpg
Map of Illinois highlighting McLean County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 25, 1830
Named forJohn McLean
SeatBloomington
Largest cityBloomington
Area
 • Total1,186 sq mi (3,072 km2)
 • Land1,183 sq mi (3,064 km2)
 • Water2.9 sq mi (8 km2), 0.2%
Population
 • (2010)169,572
 • Density143/sq mi (55/km2)
Congressional districts13th, 18th
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.mcleancountyil.gov

McLean County is included in the Bloomington–Normal, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

PronunciationEdit

Locally, the second syllable of McLean is pronounced with a 'long a' (ā, IPA /ei/) sound (i.e. "muh-KLAIN") (as with native son McLean Stevenson), not with a 'long e' (ē, IPA /i/) sound ("muh-KLEEN").

HistoryEdit

McLean County was formed late in 1830 out of Tazewell County. It was named for John McLean, United States Senator for Illinois, who died in 1830.[3]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,186 square miles (3,070 km2), of which 1,183 square miles (3,060 km2) is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2) (0.2%) is water.[4] It is the largest county in Illinois by land area and third-largest by total area. McLean County is actually larger than the land area of Rhode Island (1045 sq mi).

Climate and weatherEdit

Bloomington, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
1.7
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
37
18
 
 
2.9
 
 
48
29
 
 
3.8
 
 
61
40
 
 
4.5
 
 
73
51
 
 
3.9
 
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.8
 
 
84
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3
 
 
77
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2.7
 
 
65
42
 
 
3.1
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.4
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bloomington have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −23 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.71 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.52 inches (115 mm) in May.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18406,565
185010,16354.8%
186028,772183.1%
187053,98887.6%
188060,10011.3%
189063,0364.9%
190067,8437.6%
191068,0080.2%
192070,1073.1%
193073,1174.3%
194073,9301.1%
195076,5773.6%
196083,8779.5%
1970104,38924.5%
1980119,14914.1%
1990129,1808.4%
2000150,43316.5%
2010169,57212.7%
Est. 2017172,290[6]1.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 169,572 people, 65,104 households, and 40,124 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 143.3 inhabitants per square mile (55.3/km2). There were 69,656 housing units at an average density of 58.9 per square mile (22.7/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 84.3% white, 7.3% black or African American, 4.3% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.5% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.4% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were German, 15.4% were Irish, 11.4% were American, and 11.0% were English.[12]

Of the 65,104 households, 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, and 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 32.1 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $57,642 and the median income for a family was $77,093. Males had a median income of $52,271 versus $39,685 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,167. About 6.2% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.4% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

CommunitiesEdit

GovernmentEdit

McLean County has a twenty-member board representing ten districts within the county. District 1, District 2, and District 3 encompass all of the county outside of Bloomington and Normal. Districts 4, 5, and 6 are within the town limits of Normal, and districts 7, 8, 9, and 10 are within Bloomington city limits.

PoliticsEdit

McLean is historically a Republican-leaning county. The only Democrats to gain an absolute majority of the county’s vote since the Civil War have been Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 and Lyndon Johnson by a mere 420 votes out of over 38,000 total in 1964. Illinois-bred Barack Obama in 2008 and Woodrow Wilson in 1912 both carried the county by similarly narrow margins with pluralities of the vote. McLean has trended Democratic, sufficiently so that Hillary Clinton in 2016 lost the county by just 1.3 percent despite failing to win the Presidency.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 45.8% 37,237 44.5% 36,196 9.7% 7,891
2012 54.4% 39,947 43.4% 31,883 2.2% 1,639
2008 48.5% 36,767 49.7% 37,689 1.9% 1,422
2004 57.6% 41,276 41.7% 29,877 0.7% 467
2000 55.8% 34,008 41.0% 24,936 3.2% 1,954
1996 49.5% 26,428 42.5% 22,708 8.0% 4,299
1992 43.4% 25,726 39.0% 23,090 17.7% 10,469
1988 61.8% 30,572 37.7% 18,659 0.6% 280
1984 66.6% 32,221 32.8% 15,880 0.5% 248
1980 61.1% 30,096 27.6% 13,587 11.3% 5,549
1976 62.1% 28,493 36.2% 16,601 1.7% 785
1972 67.6% 31,060 32.3% 14,824 0.2% 71
1968 59.2% 22,284 34.0% 12,779 6.8% 2,567
1964 49.4% 19,120 50.6% 19,550
1960 63.9% 24,758 36.0% 13,971 0.1% 32
1956 67.6% 25,758 32.4% 12,332 0.1% 21
1952 64.8% 24,494 35.2% 13,296 0.1% 36
1948 58.5% 18,430 40.9% 12,904 0.6% 183
1944 57.7% 19,366 41.8% 14,011 0.6% 185
1940 54.4% 21,865 44.9% 18,024 0.7% 277
1936 43.0% 16,826 55.0% 21,508 2.0% 798
1932 43.1% 15,450 54.5% 19,535 2.5% 886
1928 65.4% 20,780 33.8% 10,742 0.8% 267
1924 56.0% 16,550 23.1% 6,826 21.0% 6,206
1920 65.3% 16,680 25.1% 6,411 9.6% 2,464
1916 53.2% 14,988 41.5% 11,699 5.2% 1,473
1912 30.2% 4,624 35.0% 5,356 34.7% 5,314
1908 55.9% 8,953 37.3% 5,982 6.8% 1,088
1904 58.7% 8,772 27.7% 4,149 13.6% 2,034
1900 56.4% 9,487 39.3% 6,613 4.3% 718
1896 59.6% 9,964 37.9% 6,328 2.5% 420
1892 50.4% 7,445 43.9% 6,487 5.6% 832

Notable personsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 194.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bloomington, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on December 6, 2010. Retrieved January 27, 2011.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Archived from the original on May 29, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on December 18, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2015.
  14. ^ Gannett, Henry (May 6, 2018). "The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States". U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved May 6, 2018 – via Google Books.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Archived from the original on March 23, 2018. Retrieved May 6, 2018.

External linksEdit