Elmhurst is a city mostly in DuPage County and overlapping into Cook County in the U.S. state of Illinois, and a western suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 44,121, which was estimated to have increased to 45,171 by July 2012.
|City of Elmhurst|
|Motto(s): "Ideal for your business, your family, your life"|
Location of Elmhurst in DuPage County, Illinois.
|Townships||Addison, York, and Proviso|
|• Mayor||Steven M. Morley|
|• Total||10.32 sq mi (26.73 km2)|
|• Land||10.27 sq mi (26.59 km2)|
|• Water||0.06 sq mi (0.15 km2) 0.58%|
|• Estimate (2016)||46,387|
|• Density||4,518.95/sq mi (1,744.84/km2)|
|Standard of living (2009-11)|
|• Per capita income||$40,854|
|• Median home value||$381,200|
|ZIP Code||60126, 60127|
|Area codes||630 and 331|
Members of the Potawatomi Native American people, who settled along Salt Creek just south of where the city would develop, are the earliest known settlers of the Elmhurst area. Around 1836, European-American immigrants settled on tracts of land along the same creek. At what would become Elmhurst City Centre, a native of Ohio named Gerry Bates established a community on a tract of "treeless land" in 1842.
The following year, Hill Cottage Tavern opened where St. Charles Road and Cottage Hill Avenue presently intersect. In 1845, the community was officially named Cottage Hill when a post office was established. Four years later the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was given right-of-way through Cottage Hill giving farmers easier access to Chicago. The community changed its name to Elmhurst in 1869. In 1871, Elmhurst College was organized and currently has 3,500 undergraduates and about 300 graduate students. Elmhurst was incorporated as a village in 1882, with a population between 723 and 1,050, and legal boundaries of St. Charles Road to North Avenue, and one half mile west and one quarter mile east of York Street. Elmhurst Memorial Hospital was founded in 1926 as the first hospital in DuPage County.
The Memorial Parade has run every Memorial Day since 1918, and the annual Elmhurst St. Patrick's Day Parade continues to be the third largest parade of that sort in the Chicago area, following the more famous parades downtown and on the city's South Side.
The Keebler Company's corporate headquarters was in Elmhurst until 2001, when the Kellogg Company purchased the company. The city is home to the headquarters of Sunshine Biscuits and McMaster-Carr Supply Co. Famous Amos cookies are also distributed from Elmhurst.
According to the 2010 census, Elmhurst has a total area of 10.306 square miles (26.69 km2), of which 10.25 square miles (26.55 km2) (or 99.46%) is land and 0.056 square miles (0.15 km2) (or 0.54%) is water.
|U.S. Census Bureau|
As of the 2000 census, there were 42,762 people, 15,627 households, and 11,235 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,165.9 people per square mile (1,609.2/km²). There were 16,147 housing units at an average density of 1,573.1 per square mile (607.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.40% White, 0.94% African American, 0.06% Native American, 3.67% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.97% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.02% of the population.
There were 15,627 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.1% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 16.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.
According to a 2012 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $88,236, and the median income for a family was $122,890. Males had a median income of $57,193 versus $37,087 for females. The per capita income for the city was $44,601. About 1.9% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.6% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.
According to Elmhurst's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|1||Elmhurst Memorial Healthcare||2,362|
|2||Superior Ambulance Service||1,425|
|3||Elmhurst Community Unit School District 205||1,150|
|4||HSBC Bank USA||746|
|8||City of Elmhurst||283|
|9||Patten Industries (Caterpillar dealer)||278|
Arts and cultureEdit
- The Theatre Historical Society of America is focused on the preservation of dance, opera, and movie theaters and includes a collection of objects from many theaters that are no longer in existence. Among the items on display is a scale model of the 1927 Avalon Theater (now known as the New Regal Theater).
- Wilder Park Conservatory
- A 150-foot-deep (46 m) limestone quarry covering about 59 acres (240,000 m2) is located half a mile west of downtown along West Avenue and 1st Street. A tunnel from Salt Creek diverts water into the quarry in case of a flood.
- Each spring, the company RGL Marketing for the Arts runs the event, Art in Wilder Park. The event takes place in centrally located Wilder Park, which is also home to the Wilder Mansion, the Elmhurst Public Library, the Wilder Park Conservatory and the Lazzadro Museum of Lapidary Arts. The event "features of a juried show of fine arts, crafts and original creations of over 100 artists, including jewelry, glass, ceramics, painting, wood, photography, sculpture, paper and mixed media." The event also hosts live music and entertainment and over 40 food vendors. 
Timeline for Elmhurst's leadership:
- 1882 - Incorporated as a village in June.
- 1882 - Henry Glos elected as first village president.
- 1887 - Peter Wolf elected as village president.
- 1902 - Edwin Heidemann elected as village president.
- 1905 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as village president.
- 1908 - C. J. Albert elected as village president.
- 1910 - Adopted city form of government.
- 1910 - Henry C. Schumacher elected as first city mayor.
- 1912 - F. W. M. Hammerschmidt elected as mayor.
- 1919 - Otto Balgemann elected as mayor.
- 1931 - Edward Blatter elected as mayor.
- 1933 - Claude Van Auken elected as mayor.
- 1945 - William S. Fellows elected as mayor.
- 1951 - Ervin F. Wilson elected as mayor.
- 1957 - Benjamin Allison elected as mayor.
- 1961 - Charles Weigel elected as mayor.
- 1973 - Ray W. Fick, Jr. elected as mayor.
- 1977 - Abner Ganet elected as mayor.
- 1985 - Robert J. Quinn elected as mayor.
- 1989 - Charles H. Garrigues elected as mayor.
- 1993 - Thomas D. Marcucci elected as mayor.
- 2009 - Peter P. DiCianni elected as mayor.
- 2013 - Steven Morley elected as mayor.
Elmhurst College is the local college of the area. It is a four year private liberal arts college affiliated with the United Church of Christ.
School districts serving Elmhurst include:
- Elmhurst Community Unit School District 205 serves most of the city; its high school is York Community High School
- Salt Creek School District 48
- DuPage High School District 88
- Hillside School District 93 serves the Cook County portion; in 1953 this portion had 45 houses
- Students at Hillside 93 move on to Proviso West High School of the Proviso Township High Schools District 209
Elmhurst is served by Pace buses, and the Metra Union Pacific/West Line. The Union Pacific Railroad has freight service on the Metra line and Canadian National Railway serves the former Illinois Central line south of the Metra line. O'Hare International Airport is 18 minutes from Elmhurst, and Chicago Midway International Airport is 33 minutes from Elmhurst.
During the summers and December, Elmhurst also has the "Elmhurst Express Trolley". A free weekend trolley that connects downtown Elmhurst to the Spring Road businesses and the Elmhurst Public Library. It runs Friday-Saturday and the $40,000 cost comes out of visiting and tourism fund. 
- "Council Members". City of Elmhurst. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "2012 Population Estimates". Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 26, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2013.
- "Elmhurst Origins".
- Christian Reformed Church in North America. "Elmhurst CRC - Church - Christian Reformed Church". Retrieved May 26, 2013.
- "10 Best Towns for Families: 2014".
- Tribune, Chicago. "Elmhurst named one of 10 best places for families".
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015.
- Historical Census Data Retrieved on February 11, 2010
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Elmhurst city, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts".
- City of Elmhurst CAFR
- Pohlen, Jerome (2012). Oddball Illinois: A Guide to 450 Really Strange Places (Second ed.). Chicago Review Press. pp. 104–105. ISBN 978-1613740323.
- "Art In the Park | Explore Elmhurst, IL". www.elmhursthistory.org. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- "Art in Wilder Park | Annual 2 Day Outdoor Art Show in Elmhurst". www.rglmarketingforthearts.com. Retrieved 2018-02-28.
- Chronology of Elmhurst History
- "Education." Elmhurst, Illinois. Retrieved on March 21, 2017.
- "Sees Hillside School Wing Built By Fall". Chicago Tribune. August 2, 1953. p. W2.
- "School Tries New Mental Health Program". Chicago Tribune. December 16, 1971. p. W9.
- "Elmhurst Express Trolley | Explore Elmhurst, IL". www.exploreelmhurst.com. Retrieved 2018-02-05.
- Megan, Graydon. "Elmhurst trolley back on track for summer". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2018-02-05.