The Kellogg Company, doing business as Kellogg's, is an American multinational food manufacturing company headquartered in Battle Creek, Michigan, United States. Kellogg's produces cereal and convenience foods, including crackers and toaster pastries and markets their products by several well known brands including Corn Flakes, Frosted Flakes, Pringles, Eggo, and Cheez-It. Kellogg's mission statement is "Nourishing families so they can flourish and thrive."
Kellogg's Headquarters (Battle Creek, MI)
|Founded||February 19, 1906 (as Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company)|
Battle Creek, Michigan, U.S.
|Founder||Will Keith Kellogg|
Battle Creek, Michigan,
(Chairman & CEO)
|Revenue||US$13.547 billion (2018)|
|US$1.706 billion (2018)|
|US$1.344 billion (2018)|
|Total assets||US$17.780 billion (2018)|
|Total equity||US$3.159 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
Kellogg's products are manufactured and marketed in over 180 countries. Kellogg's largest factory is at Trafford Park in Trafford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom, which is also the location of its UK headquarters. Other corporate office locations outside of Battle Creek include Chicago, Dublin (European Headquarters), Shanghai, and Querétaro City. Kellogg's holds a Royal Warrant from Queen Elizabeth II and the Prince of Wales.
In 1876, John Harvey Kellogg became the superintendent of the Battle Creek Sanitarium (originally the Western Health Reform Institute founded by Ellen White) and his brother, W. K. Kellogg, worked as the bookkeeper. This is where corn flakes were accidentally created and led to the eventual formation of the Kellogg Company.
For years, W. K. Kellogg assisted his brother in research aimed at improving the vegetarian diet of the Battle Creek Sanitarium's patients, especially in the search for wheat-based granola. In 1894 at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, a combination hospital and health spa for the elite and famous, W.K. Kellogg and his brother, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg were in the process of cooking some wheat for a type of granola when they were called away. When they returned, the wheat had become stale. They decided to force the tempered grain through the rollers anyway, and surprisingly, the grain did not come out in long sheets of dough. Instead, each wheat berry was flattened and came out as a thin flake.
W. K. Kellogg persuaded his brother to serve the food in flake form. Soon the flaked wheat was being packaged to meet hundreds of mail-order requests from guests after they left the Sanitarium. However, Dr. John Harvey forbade his brother Will from distributing cereal beyond his consumers. As a result, the brothers fell out, and W. K. launched the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company on February 19, 1906. Convincing his brother to relinquish rights to the product, Will's company produced and marketed the hugely successful Kellogg's Toasted Corn Flakes and was renamed the Kellogg Toasted Corn Flake Company in 1909, taking on the current name of the Kellogg Company in 1922.
In 1931, the Kellogg Company announced that most of its factories would shift towards 30-hour work weeks, from the usual 40. W.K. Kellogg stated that he did this so that an additional shift of workers would be employed in an effort to support people through the depression era. This practice remained until World War II, and continued briefly after the war, although some departments and factories remained locked into 30-hour work weeks until 1980.
From 1969 to 1970, the slogan “Kellogg’s puts more into your day” was used on Sunday morning tv shows. From 1969 to 1977, Kellogg's acquired various small businesses including Salada Foods, Fearn International, Mrs. Smith's Pies, Eggo, and Pure Packed Foods; however, it was later criticized for not diversifying further like General Mills and Quaker Oats were. After underspending its competition in marketing and product development, Kellogg's U.S. market share hit a low 36.7% in 1983. A prominent Wall Street analyst called it "a fine company that's past its prime" and the cereal market was being regarded as "mature". Such comments stimulated Kellogg chairman William E. LaMothe to improve, which primarily involved approaching the demographic of 80 million baby boomers rather than marketing children-oriented cereals. In emphasizing cereal's convenience and nutritional value, Kellogg's helped persuade U.S. consumers age 25 to 49 to eat 26% more cereal than people of that age ate five years prior. The U.S. ready-to-eat cereal market, worth $3.7 billion at retail in 1983, totaled $5.4 billion by 1988 and had expanded three times as fast as the average grocery category. Kellogg's also introduced new products including Crispix, Raisin Squares, and Nutri-Grain Biscuits and reached out internationally with Just Right aimed at Australians and Genmai Flakes for Japan. During this time, the company maintained success over its top competitors: General Mills, which largely marketed children's cereals, and Post, which had difficulty in the adult cereal market.
In 2001, Kellogg's acquired the Keebler Company for $3.87 billion. Over the years, it has also gone on to acquire Morningstar Farms and Kashi divisions or subsidiaries. Kellogg's also owns the Bear Naked, Natural Touch, Cheez-It, Murray, Austin cookies and crackers, Famous Amos, Gardenburger (acquired 2007), and Plantation brands. Presently, Kellogg's is a member of the World Cocoa Foundation.
In 2017, Kellogg's acquired Chicago-based food company Rxbar for $654 million. Earlier that year, Kellogg's also opened new corporate office space in Chicago's Merchandise Mart for its global growth and IT departments. In the UK, Kellogg's also released the W. K. Kellogg brand of organic, vegan and plant-based cereals (such as granolas, organic wholegrain wheat, and "super grains") with no added sugars.
In 2018, Kellogg's decided to cease their operations in Venezuela due to the economic crisis the country is facing.
On April 1, 2019, it was announced that Kellogg's was selling Famous Amos, Murray's, Keebler, Mother's and Little Brownie Bakers (one of the producers of the cookies for the Girl Scouts of the USA) to Ferrero SpA for $1.4 billion. On July 29, 2019 that sale was completed. Kellogg's kept the Keebler cracker line and replaced the Keebler name on their crackers with the Kellogg's name.
In June 2019, Kellogg's announced their next-generation Kellogg's® Better Days global commitment, focusing on hunger, children, and farmers, with specific targets to reach by 2030.
In October 2019, Kellogg's partnered with GLAAD by "launching a new limited edition "All Together Cereal" and donating $50,000 to support GLAAD's anti-bullying and LGBTQ advocacy efforts". The All Together cereal combined six mini cereal boxes into one package to bring attention to anti-bullying.
In January 2020, Kellogg's has decided to work with suppliers to phase out the use of glyphosate by 2025, which has been used as a drying agent in their products.
For the fiscal year 2017, Kellogg's reported earnings of US$1.269 billion, with an annual revenue of US$12.932 billion, a decline of 0.7% over the previous fiscal cycle. Kellogg's market capitalization was valued at over US$22.1 billion in November 2018.
in mil. US$
in mil. US$
in mil. US$
A list of cereal products produced by Kellogg's, with available varieties:
- All-Bran: All-Bran Original, All-Bran Bran Buds, All-Bran Bran Flakes (UK), All-Bran Extra Fiber, All-Bran Guardian (Canada)
- Apple Jacks
- Apple Jacks Apple vs Cinnamon Limited Edition
- Apple Jacks 72 Flavor Blast (Germany)
- Bran Buds (New Zealand)
- Bran Flakes
- Chocos (India, Europe)
- Chocolate Corn Flakes: a chocolate version of Corn Flakes. First sold in the UK in 1998 (as Choco Corn Flakes or Choco Flakes), but discontinued a few years later. Re-released in 2011.
- Cinnamon Mini Buns
- Coco Pops Coco Rocks
- Coco Pops Special Edition Challenger Spaceship
- Coco Pops Crunchers
- Coco Pops Mega Munchers
- Coco Pops Moons and Stars
- Cocoa Krispies or Coco Pops (also called Choco Pops in France, Choco Krispies in Portugal, Spain, Germany, Austria, and Switzerland, Choco Krispis in Latin America)
- Cocoa Flakes
- Corn Flakes
- Complete Wheat Bran Flakes/Bran Flakes
- Corn Pops
- Country Store
- Cracklin' Oat Bran
- Crunch: Caramel Nut Crunch, Cran-Vanilla Crunch, Toasted Honey Crunch
- Crunchy Nut (formerly Crunchy Nut Cornflakes)
- Crunch Nut Bran
- Disney cereals: Disney Hunny B's Honey-Graham, Disney Mickey's Magix, Disney Mud & Bugs, Pirates of the Caribbean, Disney Princess
- Donut Shop
- Extra (Muesli): Fruit and Nut, Fruit Magic, Nut Delight
- Froot Loops: Froot Loops, Froot Loops 1⁄3 Less Sugar, Marshmallow Froot Loops, Froot Bloopers
- Frosted Flakes (Frosties outside of the US/Canada): Kellogg's Frosted Flakes, Kellogg's Frosted Flakes 1⁄3Kellogg's Banana Frosted Flakes, Kellogg's Birthday Confetti Frosted Flakes, Kellogg's Cocoa Frosted Flakes, Less Sugar, Tony's Cinnamon Krunchers, Honey Nut
- Frosted Mini-Wheats (known in the UK as Toppas until the early 1990s, when the name was changed to Frosted Wheats. The name Toppas is still applied to this product in other parts of Europe, as in Germany and Austria)
- Fruit Harvest: Fruit Harvest Apple Cinnamon, Fruit Harvest Peach Strawberry, Fruit Harvest Strawberry Blueberry
- Fruit 'n Fibre (not related to the Post cereal of the same name sold in the US)
- Fruit Winders (UK)
- Genmai Flakes (Japan)
- Guardian (Australia, NZ, Canada)
- Happy Inside: Bold Blueberry, Simply Strawberry, Coconut Crunch
- Honey Loops (formerly Honey Nut Loops)
- Honey Nut Corn Flakes
- Honey Smacks (US)/Smacks (other markets)
- Jif Peanut Butter Cereal (US only)
- Just Right: Just Right Original, Just Right Fruit & Nut, Just Right Just Grains, Just Right Tropical, Just Right Berry & Apple, Just Right Crunchy Blends – Cranberry, Almond & Sultana (Australia/NZ), Just Right Crunchy Blends – Apple, Date & Sultana (Australia/NZ)
- Khampa Tsampa- Roasted Barley (Tibet)
- Krave – chocolate cereal introduced in the UK in 2010, then rolled out in Europe as Tresor or Trésor in 2011, and in North America in 2012
- Komplete (Australia)
- Low-Fat Granola: Low-Fat Granola, Low-Fat Granola with Raisins
- Mini Max
- Mini Swirlz
- Mini-Wheats: Mini-Wheats Frosted Original, Mini-Wheats Frosted Bite Size, Mini-Wheats Frosted Maple & Brown Sugar, Mini-Wheats Raisin, Mini-Wheats Strawberry, Mini-Wheats Vanilla Creme, Mini-Wheats Strawberry Delight, Mini-Wheats Blackcurrant
- Mueslix: Mueslix with Raisins, Dates & Almonds
- Nut Feast
- Oat Bran: Cracklin' Oat Bran
- Pop-Tarts Bites: Frosted Strawberry, Frosted Brown Sugar Cinnamon
- Raisin Bran/Sultana Bran: Raisin Bran, Raisin Bran Crunch, Sultana Bran (Australia/NZ), Sultana Bran Crunch (Australia/NZ)
- Raisin Wheats
- Rice Krispies/Rice Bubbles: Rice Krispies, Frosted Rice Krispies (Ricicles in the UK), Gluten Free Rice Krispies, Rice Bubbles, LCMs, Rice Krispies Cocoa (Canada only), Rice Crispies Multi-Grain Shapes, Rice Krispies Treats Cereal
- Rocky Mountain Chocolate Factory Chocolatey Almond cereal
- Scooby-Doo cereal: Cinnamon Marshmallow Scooby-Doo! Cereal
- Smart Start: Smart Start, Smart Start Soy Protein Cereal
- Special K: Special K, Special K low carb lifestyle, Special K Red Berries, Special K Vanilla Almond, Special K Honey & Almond (Australia), Special K Forest Berries (Australia), Special K Purple Berries (UK), Special K Light Muesli Mixed Berries & Apple (Australia/NZ), Special K Light Muesli Peach & Mango flavour (Australia/NZ), Special K Dark Chocolate (Belgium), Special K Milk Chocolate (Belgium), Special K Sustain (UK)
- Spider-Man cereal: Spider-Man Spidey-Berry
- SpongeBob SquarePants cereal
- Strawberry Pops (South Africa)
- Super Mario Cereal
- Sustain: Sustain, Sustain Selection
- Tresor (Europe)
- Vector (Canada only)
- Yeast bites with honey
- Kringelz (formerly known as ZimZ!): mini cinnamon-flavored spirals. Only sold in Germany and Austria
Discontinued cereals and foods
This section needs additional citations for verification. (June 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
- Banana Bubbles
- Banana-flavoured variation of Rice Krispies. First appeared in the UK in 1995, but discontinued shortly thereafter.
- Sold in the UK for a limited period
- Bart Simpson Peanut Butter Chocolate Crunch Cereal
- Bigg Mixx cereal
- Buckwheat & Maple
- Buzz Blasts (based on Buzz Lightyear from the Toy Story movies)
- C-3PO's cereal: Introduced in 1984 and inspired by the multi-lingual droid from Star Wars, the cereal called itself "a New (crunchy) Force at Breakfast" and was composed of "twin rings phased together for two crunches in every double-O". In other words, they were shaped like the digit 8. After severing the cereal's ties to Star Wars, the company renamed it Pro-Grain and promoted it with sports-oriented commercials.
- Chocolate Mud & Bugs
- Cinnamon Crunch Crispix
- Cinnamon Mini-Buns
- Cocoa Hoots: Manufactured briefly in the early 1970s, this cereal resembled Cheerios but was chocolate-flavored. The mascot was a cartoon character named Newton the Owl, and one of its commercials featured a young Jodie Foster.
- Coco Pops Strawss
- Complete Oat Bran Flakes
- Corn Flakes with Instant Bananas
- Corn Soya cereal
- Crunchy Loggs
- Double Dip Crunch
- Eggo Waf-Fulls
- Frosted Krispies
- Frosted Rice: This was a combination of Frosted Flakes and Rice Krispies, using Rice Krispies with frosting on them. Tony Jr. was the brand's mascot.
- Fruit Twistables
- Fruity Marshmallow Krispies
- Golden Crackles
- Golden Oatmeal Crunch (later revised to Golden Crunch)
- Gro-Pup Dog Food and Dog Biscuits
- Heartwise (which contained psyllium, an Indian-grown grain used as a laxative and cholesterol-reducer)
- Homer's Cinnamon Donut Cereal (based on The Simpsons TV cartoon)
- Kenmei Rice Bran cereal
- KOMBOs (orange, strawberry and chocolate flavors)
- Kream Krunch
- Krumbles cereal: Manufactured approximately from the 1920s to the mid 1960s; based on shreds of wheat but different from shredded wheat in texture. Unlike the latter, it tended to remain crisp in milk. In the Chicago area, Krumbles was available into the late 1960s. It was also high in fiber, although that attribute was not in vogue at the time.
- Marshmallow Krispies (later revised to Fruity Marshmallow Krispies)
- Mr. T's Muscle Crunch (1983–1985)
- Nut & Honey Crunch
- OJ's ("All the Vitamin C of a 4-oz. Glass of Orange Juice")
- OKs cereal (early 1960s): Oat-based cereal physically resembling the competing brand Cheerios, with half the OKs shaped like letter O's and the other half shaped like K's, but did not taste like Cheerios. OKs originally featured Big Otis, a giant, burly Scotsman, on the box; this was replaced by the more familiar Yogi Bear.
- Pep: Best remembered as the sponsor of the Superman radio serial.
- Pokémon Cereal: A limited edition cereal that contained marshmallow shapes in the forms of Gen I Pokémon Pikachu, Oddish, Poliwhirl and Ditto. They later returned with marshmallows formed like Cleffa, Wobbuffet and Pichu for a short time.
- Pop-Tarts Crunch
- Powerpuff Girls Cereal
- Product 19: Discontinued in 2016
- Puffa Puffa Rice (late 1960s–early 1970s)
- Raisin Squares
- Raisins Rice and Rye
- Razzle Dazzle Rice Krispies
- Sugar Stars/Stars/All-Stars cereal
- Strawberry Rice Krispies
- Strawberry Splitz
- 3 Point Pops
- Tony's Cinnamon Krunchers
- Tony's Turboz
- Triple Snack
- Yogos: Discontinued in 2011
- Yogos (Berry, Mango, Strawberry, 72 Flavor Blast (Germany), Cookies and Cream, Tacos (Mexico))
- Yogos Rollers: Discontinued in 2009
- Zimz: Cinnamon Cereal Discontinued
- Start (UK)
Various methods have been used in the company's history to promote the company and its brands. Foremost among these is the design of the Kellogg's logo by Ferris Crane under the art direction of famed type guru Y. Ames. Another was the well-remembered jingle "K E double-L, O double-good, Kellogg's best to you!"[where?][when?]
With the rising popularity of patent medicine in early 20th century advertising, The Kellogg Company of Canada published a book named A New Way of Living that showed readers "how to achieve a new way of living; how to preserve vitality; how to maintain enthusiasm and energy; how to get the most out of life because of a physical ability to enjoy it". It touted the All-Bran cereal as the secret to leading "normal" lives free of constipation.
Kellogg's was a major sponsor throughout the run of the hit CBS panel show What's My Line? It and its associated products Frosted Flakes and Rice Krispies were also major sponsors for the PBS Kids children's animated series Dragon Tales.
Kellogg's is a sponsor of USA Gymnastics and produces the Kellogg's Tour of Gymnastics, a 36-city tour held after the Olympic games and featuring performances by recent medal-winning gymnasts from the United States.
Premiums and prizes
W.K. Kellogg was the first to introduce prizes in boxes of cereal. The marketing strategy that he established has produced thousands of different cereal box prizes that have been distributed by the tens of billions.
Kellogg's Corn Flakes had the first cereal premium with The Funny Jungleland Moving Pictures Book. The book was originally available as a prize that was given to the customer in the store with the purchase of two packages of the cereal. But in 1909, Kellogg's changed the book giveaway to a premium mail-in offer for the cost of a dime. Over 2.5 million copies of the book were distributed in different editions over a period of 23 years.
Cereal box prizes
In 1945, Kellogg's inserted a prize in the form of pin-back buttons into each box of Pep cereal. Pep pins have included U.S. Army squadrons as well as characters from newspaper comics and were available through 1947. There were five series of comic characters and 18 different buttons in each set, with a total of 90 in the collection. Other manufacturers of major brands of cereal, including General Mills, Malt-O-Meal, Nestlé, Post Foods, and Quaker Oats, followed suit and inserted prizes into boxes of cereal to promote sales and brand loyalty.
Licensed brands have been omitted since the corresponding mascots would be obvious (e.g. Spider-Man is the mascot for Spider-Man Spidey-Berry).
- Cocoa Hoots cereal: Newton the Owl
- Cocoa Krispies cereal (Known as Choco Krispis in Latin America, Choco Krispies in Germany, Austria, Spain, and Switzerland, Chocos in India, and Coco Pops in Australia, the UK, and Europe): Jose (monkey), Coco (monkey), Melvin (elephant), Snagglepuss (Hanna-Barbera character), Ogg (caveman), Tusk (elephant), and Snap, Crackle and Pop (who were also, and remain as of February 2014, the Rice Krispies mascots; see below)
- Corn Flakes cereal: Cornelius (rooster)
- Frosted Flakes (known as Frosties outside the US/Canada, Zucaritas in Latin America and Sucrilhos in Brazil) cereal: Tony the Tiger
- Froot Loops cereal: Toucan Sam
- Honey Smacks (US)/Smacks (other markets) cereal: Dig 'Em Frog
- Raisin Bran cereal: Sunny the Sun
- Rice Krispies (known as Rice Bubbles in Australia) cereal: Snap, Crackle and Pop
- Ricicles (UK Only) cereal: Captain Rik
- Apple Jacks cereal: CinnaMon and Bad Apple
- Honey Loops cereal: Loopy (bumblebee), Pops (honey bee)
- Keebler cookies and crackers: Ernie and the Elves
Kellogg's made its first foray into auto racing between 1991 and 1992 when the company sponsored the #41 Chevrolets fielded by Larry Hedrick Motorsports in the NASCAR Winston Cup Series and driven by Phil Parsons, Dave Marcis, Greg Sacks, Hut Stricklin, and Richard Petty, but they gained greater prominence for their sponsorship of two-time Winston Cup Champion Terry Labonte from 1993 to 2006, the last 12 years of that as the sponsor for Hendrick Motorsports' No.5 car. Kellogg's sponsored the No.5 car for Labonte, Kyle Busch, Casey Mears, and Mark Martin until 2010, and it then served as an associate sponsor for Carl Edwards' #99 car for Roush Fenway Racing.
Kellogg's placed Dale Earnhardt on Kellogg's Corn Flakes boxes for 1993 six-time Winston Cup champ and 1994 seven-time Winston Cup champ, as well as Jeff Gordon on the Mini Wheats box for the 1993 rookie of the year, 1995 Brickyard 400 inaugural race, 1997 Champion, and 1998 three-time champ, and a special three-pack racing box set with Dale Earnhardt, Jeff Gordon, Terry Labonte, and Dale Jarrett in 1996.
Kellogg's has used some merchandising for their products. Kellogg's once released Mission Nutrition, a PC game that came free with special packs of cereal. It played in a similar fashion as Donkey Kong Country; users could play as Tony the Tiger, Coco the Monkey, or Snap, Crackle, and Pop. Kellogg's has also released "Talking" games. The two current versions are Talking Tony and Talking Sam. In these games, a microphone is used to play games and create voice commands for their computers. In Talking Tony, Tony the Tiger, one of Kellogg's most famous mascots, would be the main and only character in the game. In Talking Sam, Toucan Sam, another famous mascot, would be in the game, instead. Some [toy cars] have the Kellogg's logo on them, and occasionally their mascots.
There was also a Talking Snap Crackle and Pop software.
Kellogg's frequently partners with the Olympic Games to feature American athletes from the Olympic Games on the packages of their cereal brands. In 2017, the company announced its marketing campaign for the 2018 Winter Olympic Games featuring American athletes Nathan Chen, Kelly Clark, Meghan Duggan and Mike Schultz.
Questionable nutritional value
Some of Kellogg's marketing has been questioned in the press, prompted by an increase in consumer awareness of the mismatch between the marketing messages and the products themselves.
Food bloggers are also questioning the marketing methods used by cereal manufacturing companies such as Kellogg's, due to their high sugar content and use of ingredients such as high-fructose corn syrup.
2010 cereal recall
On June 25, the company voluntarily began to recall about 28 million boxes of Apple Jacks, Corn Pops, Froot Loops and Honey Smacks because of an unusual smell and flavor from the packages' liners that could make people ill. Kellogg's said about 20 people complained about the cereals, including five who reported nausea and vomiting. Consumers reported the cereal smelled or tasted waxy or like metal or soap. Company spokeswoman J. Adaire Putnam said some described it as tasting stale. However, no serious health problems had been reported.
The suspected chemical that caused the illnesses was 2-methylnaphthalene, used in the cereal packaging process. Little is known about 2-methylnaphthalene's impact on human health as the Food and Drug Administration has no scientific data on its impact on humans, and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) also does not have health and safety data. This is despite the EPA having sought information on it from the chemical industry for 16 years. 2-Methylnaphthalene is a component of crude oil and is "structurally related to naphthalene, an ingredient in mothballs and toilet-deodorant blocks" that the EPA considers a possible human carcinogen.
Kellogg's offered consumers refunds in the meantime. Only products with the letters "KN" following the use-by date were included in the recall. The products were distributed throughout the U.S. and began arriving in stores in late March 2010. Products in Canada were not affected.
2012 cereal recall
Kellogg's issued a voluntary recall of some of its "Frosted Mini-Wheats Bite Size Original" and "Mini-Wheats Unfrosted Bite Size" products due to the possibility of flexible metal mesh fragments in the food. The affected products varied in size from single-serving bowls to large 70-ounce cartons. Use-by dates printed on the recalled packages ranged from April 1, 2013, to September 21, 2013, and were accompanied by the letters KB, AP or FK.
—Jon Leibowitz, Chairman of the F.T.C.
Kellogg's responded by stating "We stand behind the validity of our product claims and research, so we agreed to an order that covers those claims. We believe that the revisions to the existing consent agreement satisfied any remaining concerns."
The Children's Advertising Review Unit of the Council of Better Business Bureaus has also suggested that the language on Kellogg Pop-Tarts packages saying the pastries are "Made with Real Fruit" should be taken off the products. In July 2012, the UK banned a "Special K" advertisement due to its citing caloric values that did not take into account the caloric value of milk consumed with the cereal. In 2016 an ad telling UK consumers that Special K is “full of goodness” and “nutritious” was banned.
Human right violations of palm oil in 2016
According to Amnesty International in 2016, Kellogg's palm oil provider Wilmar International profited from 8 to 14-year-old child labor and forced labor. Some workers were extorted, threatened or not paid for work. Some workers suffered severe injuries from chemicals such as Paraquat. Kellogg's alleged not being aware of the child abuses due to traceability; Amnesty's human rights director replied that "Using mealy-mouthed excuses about 'traceability' is a total cop-out."
Expropriation of the brand in Venezuela
In 2018 Kellogg's ceased operations in Venezuela. Their factories were taken by the Venezuelan state under the Nicolás Maduro administration. In Mid 2019, Venezuelan Kellogg's cereal boxes, portraying the Venezuelan flag and a motto from Maduro: "Together, everything is possible" (Spanish: Juntos todo es posible) alongside Kellogg's logo and mascots were sold all over the country. The Kellogg's Company considers it as an illicit use and the company will take legal action.
Kellogg's donated around US$2 million opposing California Proposition 37, a 2012 ballot initiative that, if enacted, would have required compulsory labeling of genetically engineered food products. In March 2016, though, they vowed to label all of their products with genetically modified organisms as such by 2020. In January 2012, Kellogg's gave the Calhoun School a $250,000 grant for a "three-part youth-based project on issues of white privilege and institutionalized racism". In August 2014, Kellogg's called on the President to support the Paris Agreement on climate change. In 2016, Kellogg Company urged President-elect Donald Trump to "continue the Paris Climate Agreement". Kellogg's has donated to notable groups opposing voter-ID laws, such as the Applied Research Center (now RaceForward). The company also decided to remove their advertisements from the Breitbart News website. Breitbart News in turn called for a boycott of Kellogg's products.
- Belgium: Zaventem & Mechelen plant
- Brazil: São Paulo
- Colombia: Bogota
- Ecuador: Guayaquil
- Mississauga, Ontario – Canadian head office
- Anjou, Quebec – Eastern Canada sales office
- Calgary, Alberta – Western Canada sales office
- London, Ontario – manufacturers and distributes cereals (including Corn Flakes) in Canada. Closed at end of 2014,
- Belleville, Ontario – cereal production plant opened 2009 and upgraded 2011; took over some operations from London after 2014
- China: Shanghai – Joint venture with agribusiness and food company Yihai Kerry
- France: Noisy-le-Grand, Paris
- Germany: Bremen
- India: Mumbai
- Republic of Ireland: European Head Office - Kellogg Europe Trading, Swords, Dublin
- Italy: Milan
- Japan: Shinjuku, Tokyo
- Malaysia: Bandar Enstek, Negeri Sembilan
- Mexico: Querétaro
- Middle East
- Netherlands: Den Bosch
- Philippines: Alaska Milk Corporation
- Poland: Kutno
- Portugal: Lisbon
- Russia: Kellogg Rus LLC
- South Africa: Springs
- South Korea: Seoul
- Spain: Valls (cereal production plant) and Alcobendas (Spanish head office)
- Sri Lanka: Colombo; Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte
- Thailand: Bangkok, Rayong (snacks and cereals)
- United Kingdom:
- United States: Battle Creek, Michigan
- Kellogg Company Form 10-K for 2018 Annual Report. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (Report). Retrieved September 26, 2019.
- "Our Vision & Purpose". Kelloggcompany.com. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Kellogg Company Fact Sheet (PDF)" (PDF). kelloggcompany.com. Retrieved April 24, 2014.
- "Global brand, local values". Manchester Evening News. May 27, 2008.
- "Our Locations". www.kelloggcareers.com. Retrieved May 27, 2018.
- "Kellogg Marketing & Sales Co (UK) Ltd | Royal Warrant Holders Association". www.royalwarrant.org. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- "Will Keith Kellogg_Feb 21_2006 (002).PDF". Google Docs. Retrieved October 14, 2019.
- William Shurtleff; Akiko Aoyagi (January 6, 2014). History of Seventh-day Adventist Work with Soyfoods, Vegetarianism, Meat Alternatives, Wheat Gluten, Dietary Fiber and Peanut Butter (1863-2013): Extensively Annotated Bibliography and Sourcebook. Soyinfo Center. pp. 994–5. ISBN 978-1-928914-64-8.
- André Benjamin (June 30, 2013). Conquer The Recession. Andre J Benjamin. p. 27. GGKEY:6SA764GJCF1.
- Jeffrey Kaplan (May–June 2008). "The Gospel of Consumption". Retrieved June 25, 2010.
- "Kellogg Company History". FundingUniverse.com. Retrieved November 28, 2019.
- Sellers, Patricia (August 29, 1988). "HOW KING KELLOGG BEAT THE BLAHS". Fortune. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
- "Kellogg Plans to Cut 470 Jobs As Part of Keebler Acquisition". Wall Street Journal. March 30, 2001. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- "Kellogg to buy Pringles for $2.7 billion". Reuters. February 15, 2012.
- Wilkins, Peter. "What $600M RXBar Acquisition By Kellogg's Says About Chicago's Simple Food And Beverage Industry". Forbes. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- Trotter, Ryan Ori, Greg. "Kellogg opens 50-employee Merchandise Mart office". chicagotribune.com.
- "Kellogg targets health-conscious consumers with W.K.Kellogg line - FoodBev Media". Foodbev Media. November 14, 2017. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
- "Kellogg Says It's Discontinuing Venezuela Operations". Bloomberg. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
- Hirsch, Lauren (April 1, 2019). "Kellogg to sell Keebler, Famous Amos to Nutella-owner Ferrero". www.cnbc.com. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
- Reddy, Arjun. "Kellogg has agreed to sell its Keebler and Famous Amos businesses to Ferrero for $1.3 billion". Business Insider. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
- Yu, Douglas. "Ferrero Enters U.S. Snack Aisle With $1.3 Billion Acquisition Of Kellogg's Brands". Forbes. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
- Schultz, Clark (July 29, 2019). "Kellogg closes on Keebler sale". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
- Company, Kellogg. "Kellogg Company unveils ambitious next-generation Kellogg's® Better Days global commitment to address food security; driving positive change for people, communities and the planet by the end of 2030". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
- Company, Kellogg. "Kellogg Company Partners With GLAAD For Spirit Day, Launching New 2019 Edition of "All Together" Cereal". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
- "Kellogg's pledges to reduce glyphosate, active ingredient in Roundup, in its supply chain - The Washington Post". webcache.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
- "Kellogg Company - AnnualReports.com". www.annualreports.com. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
- Knaus, John Kenneth (1999). Orphans of the Cold War: America and the Tibetan Struggle for Survival (1st ed.). New York: PublicAffairs. p. 280. ISBN 9781891620850. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
They were supplied with a special version of their staple diet of barley (tsampa) enriched with vitamins and nutrient supplements. This cereal had been developed with the help of the Kellogg Company by the CIA Tibetan Task Force's team doctor, Edward 'Manny' Gunn, who had taken on the problem of finding a ration that would provide the energy the guerrillas needed to operate in these extremes of altitude and temperature. By 1963, loads of 'Khampa tsampa were being shipped to the Roof of the World.
- "Comedy News, Viral Videos, Late Night TV, Political Humor, Funny Slideshows – HuffPost Comedy". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012.
- "Kringelz - Produkte - Kellogg's". July 6, 2011. Archived from the original on July 6, 2011.
- "Kringelz - Produkte - Kellogg's". July 19, 2011. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011.
- "A Tribute to Discontinued Cereals". Gunaxin Grub.
- The Ottawa Journal. March 8, 1975 https://www.newspapers.com/newspage/48500058/
- "Concentrate Cereal – MrBreakfast.com". mrbreakfast.com.
- "Heartwise (Kellogg's): Heartwise Cereal Box". mrbreakfast.com.
- "26 Cereals From The '90s You'll Never Be Able To Eat Again". BuzzFeed.
- "Breakfast cereal mascots: Beloved and bizarre". cbsnews.com.
- "Krumbles Cereal – MrBreakfast.com". mrbreakfast.com.
- "Chiller – Scary Good". fearnet.com.
- "Raisin Squares Cereal – MrBreakfast.com". mrbreakfast.com.
- "Raisins Rice & Rye Cereal – MrBreakfast.com". mrbreakfast.com.
- "3 Point Pops Cereal – MrBreakfast.com". mrbreakfast.com.
- Kellogg Company of Canada. 1932. A New Way of Living Kellogg Company of Canada. p. 2
- Robbins, David (April 29, 2014). "What's My Line?: A Treasure Trove". Archived from the original on December 22, 2014. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
- "CTW – Dragon Tales – Fun & Games! (see bottom-of-page information)". Archived from the original on June 20, 2000. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- "Kellogg's Tour of Gymnastics Champions". Kelloggstour.com. Archived from the original on September 30, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Bedoya, Aaron A.; Bloomquist, Bret. "It's official: The Sun Bowl grabs 'Tony the Tiger' as a sponsor". El Paso Times. Retrieved September 4, 2019.
- Rod Taylor (September 1, 2003). "Kelloggs history, William Keith (W. K.) Kellogg legacy | Promotional Marketing content from Chief Marketer". Promomagazine.com. Archived from the original on February 8, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- Phil Ament. "Corn Flakes History – Invention of Kellogg's Corn Flakes". Ideafinder.com. Archived from the original on December 17, 2010. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Kellogg's Offers First Cereal Premium Prize". Timelines.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Simone Biles and the Final Five Land a Cereal Box—And It's Not Wheaties". Time. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- "Kellogg's Olympic Push Begins Well Before the Winter Games". Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- The Age. "Parents fed up with junk food ads". The Age. November 9, 2011.
- Richard Enion. "Do Kellogg's Really Care About You?" Archived December 27, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Richeats.tv, November 16, 2011.
- "Kellogg's recalls 28 million boxes of cereal". Allvoices.com. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- Layton, Lyndsey (August 2, 2010). "US regulators lack data on health risks of most chemicals". Washington Post.
- "2-Methylnaphthalene (CASRN 91-57-6)". United States Environmental Protection Agency. May 3, 2007. Retrieved October 27, 2010.
- TOMSON and ZIOBRO, BILL and PAUL. "Kellogg Recalls Mini-Wheats". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- "FTC Investigation of Ad Claims that Rice Krispies Benefits Children's Immunity Leads to Stronger Order Against Kellogg". FTC. June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "In the Matter of Kellogg Company, FTC Docket No. C-4262" (PDF). Concurring Statement of Commissioner Julie Brill and Chairman Jon Leibowitz. Federal Trade Commission. June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- Chan, Sewell (June 4, 2010). "Kellogg to Restrict Ads to Settle U.S. Inquiry Into Health Claims for Cereal". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- Carey, Susan. "Snap, Crackle, Slap: FTC Objects to Kellogg's Rice Krispies Health Claim". The Wall Street Journal. June 4, 2010.
- InvestorPlace (June 4, 2010). "Feds say Kellogg ads mislead parents". Top Stocks. MSN Money. Archived from the original on March 24, 2012. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "Britain bans Kellogg's for 'misleading' advertisement". The Times Of India. July 5, 2012.
- Sweney, Mark (July 20, 2016). "Kellogg's Special K ads banned over 'full of goodness' and 'nutritious' claims". The Guardian. Retrieved May 30, 2017.
- THE GREAT PALM OIL SCANDAL: LABOUR ABUSES BEHIND BIG BRAND NAMES Amnesty International November 30, 2016
- Kishore, Divya (November 30, 2016). "Amnesty report slams popular brands for profiting from labour abuses at Wilmar". Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Davies, Rob (November 30, 2016). "Firms such as Kellogg's, Unilever and Nestlé 'use child-labour palm oil'". The Guardian. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
- Olmo, Guillermo D. (November 15, 2019). "Kellogg's: cómo los cereales más famosos del mundo se volvieron chavistas en Venezuela". BBC. Retrieved December 9, 2019.
- "Prop. 37: Requires labeling of food products made from genetically modified organisms. | Voter's Edge". Votersedge.org. November 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 8, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2013.
- "Kellogg to Label All GMOs Nationwide". The Daily Meal. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
- CRC Staff (May 1, 2013). "The W.K. Kellogg Foundation: Subverting democracy and balkanizing America". Capital Research Center.
- Oxfam (August 13, 2014). "Kellogg Steps Up to Tackle Climate Change". Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- Davis, Dillion (November 17, 2016). "Kellogg Co. urges Trump to uphold Paris Agreement". The Detroit Free Press. Retrieved December 2, 2016.
- "Race Forward WK Kellogg Foundation Grant Page". November 30, 2016. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- O'Connor, Lydia (November 29, 2016). "Kellogg Is Latest Company To Pull Advertising From Breitbart". The Huffington Post. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Kellogg's dumps Breitbart ads, citing 'values'; Breitbart encourages boycott". Columbus Dispatch. AP. December 1, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "Factory". Kellogg's. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved August 3, 2011.
- "Welcome to Careers at Kellogg Australia". Kellogg (Aust.) Pty. Ltd. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- "Kellogg to close London cereal factory next year". CBC News.
- "Kellogg's to close London plant by the end of 2014". London.
- "Nous contacter". kelloggs.fr.
- "Kellogg Europe Trading Ltd (KETL)". Kellogg Company. Archived from the original on August 31, 2011. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
- "いい朝食がいい日をつくる - 日本ケロッグ". kellogg.co.jp.
- "Kellogg to invest $130M in Malaysia plant, eyes Asia-Pacific expansion". Venture Capital Post. January 10, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Kellogg Company to invest US$130m in Malaysia". The Malay Mail Online. January 10, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2014.
- "Home :: Kellogg's". Kelloggsalarabi.com. Retrieved November 18, 2012.
- "Kellogg Annual Report 2007 – Kellogg North America Brands". August 26, 2008. Archived from the original on August 26, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2018.
- "SEC Info – Kellogg Co – '10-K' for 1/1/05 – EX-21.01". Secinfo.com.
- "Alaska Milk Corporation". Alaskamilk.com.ph. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2019.
- "Kellogg's to build a new factory in Poland". Gosiahill.com.
- "Kellogg in South Africa". December 13, 2009. Archived from the original on December 13, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kellogg Company.|
- Kellogg Company Corporate
- Business data for Kellogg's:
- Corporate Responsibility report
- Nutrition site
- Directory of consumer sites
- Kellogg's Merchandise website
- Old Kellogg's adverts (UK only)
- Kellogg's India Official Website
- Collection of mid-twentieth century advertising featuring Kellogg products from The TJS Labs Gallery of Graphic Design.