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Hawaii's 1st congressional district

Hawaii's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Hawaii. The district is located entirely on the island of Oahu, encompassing the urban areas of the City and County of Honolulu, a consolidated city-county that includes Oahu's central plains and southern shores, including the towns of Aiea, Mililani, Pearl City, Waipahu and Waimalu. The district is smaller and more densely populated than the 2nd Congressional District (which includes the rest of the state).

Hawaii's 1st congressional district
Hawaii US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Hawaii's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Ed Case
DKaneohe
Distribution
  • 99.27% urban
  • 0.73% rural
Population (2010)692,981
Median income$80,083[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+17[2]

The district is currently represented by Democrat Ed Case.

Contents

HistoryEdit

When Hawaii and Alaska were admitted to the Union in 1959, both new states were granted one at-large Representative to Congress pending the next United States Census. In the reapportionment following the 1960 U.S. Census, Hawaii was entitled to a second U.S. Representative. Instead of creating two congressional districts, the state continued to elect its Representatives at-large. Two representatives were first elected in 1962 and Hawaii was first represented by two U.S. Representatives on January 2, 1963 upon the convening of the 88th Congress.

The 1st Congressional District was created in 1971 when Hawaii began electing its representatives from districts instead of electing at-large Representative statewide.

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races[3]

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 55% – George W. Bush 39%
2004 President John Kerry 53% – George W. Bush 47%
2008 President Barack Obama 70% – John McCain 28%
2012 President Barack Obama 70% – Mitt Romney 29%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 63% – Donald Trump 30%

List of members representing the districtEdit

District established and Redistricted from the at-large district following the 91st Congress.

Member Party Years Con-
gress
Electoral history District map
 
Spark Matsunaga
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1977
92nd
93rd
94th
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
1971 – 1981
 
 
Cecil Heftel
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
July 11, 1986
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii.
1981 – 1983
 
1983 – 1993
 
Vacant July 11, 1986 –
September 20, 1986
99th
 
Neil Abercrombie
Democratic September 20, 1986 –
January 3, 1987
Elected to finish Heftel's term.
Lost renomination.
 
Pat Saiki
Republican January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1991
100th
101st
Elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Neil Abercrombie
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
February 28, 2010
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Resigned to run for Governor of Hawaii.
1993 – 2003
 
2003 – 2013
 
Vacant February 28, 2010 –
May 22, 2010
111th
 
Charles Djou
Republican May 22, 2010 –
January 3, 2011
Elected to finish Abercrombie's term.
Lost re-election.[4]
 
Colleen Hanabusa
Democratic January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2015
112th
113th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
2013 – Present
 
 
Mark Takai
Democratic January 3, 2015 –
July 20, 2016
114th Elected in 2014.
Announced retirement,[5] then died.
Vacant July 20, 2016 –
November 8, 2016
 
Colleen Hanabusa
Democratic November 8, 2016 –
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Elected to finish Takai's term.
Also elected to the next term in 2016.
Retired to run for Governor of Hawaii.
 
Ed Case
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
116th Elected in 2018.

Election resultsEdit

197019721974197619781980198219841986 (Special)1986198819901992199419961998200020022004200620082010 (Special)2010201220142016 (Special)2016

1970Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1970[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga 85,411 72.89
Republican Richard K. Cockey 31,764 27.11
Total votes 117,175 100.0
Democratic win (new seat)

1972Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1972[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 73,826 54.70
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 61,138 45.30
Total votes 134,964 100.0
Democratic hold

1974Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1974[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Spark Matsunaga (incumbent) 71,552 59.32
Republican William B. Paul 49,065 40.68
Total votes 120,617 100.0
Democratic hold

1976Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1976[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel 60,050 43.64
Republican Fred W. Rohlfing 53,745 39.06
Independents for Godly Government Kathy Joyce Hoshijo 23,807 17.30
Total votes 137,602 100.0
Democratic hold

1978Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1978[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 84,552 73.26
Republican William D. Spillane 24,470 21.20
Libertarian Peter David Larsen 4,295 3.72
Aloha Democratic Party Debra Figueroa 2,095 1.82
Total votes 115,412 100.0
Democratic hold

1980Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1980[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 98,256 79.77
Republican Aloma Keen Noble 19,819 16.09
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 5,106 4.14
Total votes 123,181 100.0
Democratic hold

1982Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1982[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 134,779 89.91
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 15,128 10.09
Total votes 149,907 100.0
Democratic hold

1984Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1984[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cecil Heftel (incumbent) 114,884 82.73
Republican Will Beard 20,608 14.84
Libertarian Christopher Winter 3,373 2.43
Total votes 138,865 100.0
Democratic hold

1986 (Special)Edit

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 1986[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 42,031 29.88
Republican Pat Saiki 41,067 29.20
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 39,800 28.30
Democratic Steve Cobb 16,721 11.89
Democratic Louis Agard 566 0.40
Nonpartisan Blase Harris 460 0.33
Total votes 140,645 100.0
Democratic hold

1986Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1986[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki 99,683 59.20
Democratic Mufi Hannemann 63,061 37.45
Libertarian Blase Harris 5,633 3.35
Total votes 168,377 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

1988Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1988[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Pat Saiki (incumbent) 96,848 54.71
Democratic Mary Bitterman 76,394 43.16
Libertarian Blase Harris 3,778 2.13
Total votes 177,020 100.0
Republican hold

1990Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1990[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie 97,622 60.00
Republican Mike Liu 62,982 38.71
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,107 1.29
Total votes 162,711 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

1992Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1992[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 129,332 72.87
Republican Warner Sutton 41,575 23.43
Libertarian Rockne H. Johnson 6,569 3.70
Total votes 177,476 100.0
Democratic hold

1994Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1994[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 94,754 53.62
Republican Orson Swindle 76,623 43.36
Best Party of Hawaii Alexandria Kaan 2,815 1.59
Libertarian Roger Lee Taylor 2,514 1.42
Total votes 176,706 100.0
Democratic hold

1996Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1996[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 86,732 50.37
Republican Orson Swindle 80,053 46.49
Nonpartisan Mark Duering 4,126 2.40
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 1,295 0.75
Total votes 172,206 100.0
Democratic hold

1998Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 116,693 61.56
Republican Gene Ward 68,905 36.34
Natural Law Nick Bedworth 3,973 2.10
Total votes 189,571 100.0
Democratic hold

2000Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2000[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 108,517 69.03
Republican Phil Meyers 44,989 28.62
Libertarian Jerry Murphy 3,688 2.35
Total votes 157,194 100.0
Democratic hold

2002Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2002[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 131,673 72.86
Republican Mark Terry 45,032 24.92
Libertarian James H. Bracken 4,028 2.23
Total votes 180,733 100.0
Democratic hold

2004Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2004[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 128,567 62.97
Republican Dalton Tanonaka 69,371 33.98
Libertarian Elyssa Young 6,243 3.06
Total votes 204,181 100.0
Democratic hold

2006Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2006[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 112,904 69.35
Republican Richard (Noah) Hough 49,890 30.65
Total votes 162,794 100.0
Democratic hold

2008Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2008[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Neil Abercrombie (incumbent) 154,181 77.14
Republican Steve Tataii 38,104 19.06
Libertarian Li Zhao 7,591 3.80
Total votes 199,876 100.0
Democratic hold

2010 (Special)Edit

Hawaii's 1st congressional district special election, 2010[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Charles Djou 67,610 39.44
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 52,802 30.80
Democratic Ed Case 47,391 27.65
No party 11 others 1,682 0.99%
Total votes 171,417 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

2010Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2010[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 94,140 53.23
Republican Charles Djou (incumbent) 82,723 46.77
Total votes 176,863 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2012Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2012[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa (incumbent) 116,505 53.47
Republican Charles Djou 96,824 44.44
Blank Votes 4,467 2.05
Over Votes 80 0.04
Total votes 217,876 100

2014Edit

United States House of Representatives elections, 2014[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Mark Takai 93,390 51.2
Republican Charles Djou 86,454 47.4
Blank Votes 2,366 1.3
Over Votes 58 0.0
Total votes 182,268 100

2016 (Special)Edit

Hawaii's 1st Congressional District (Vacancy)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 129,083 60.45
Republican Shirlene D. (Shirl) Ostrov 44,090 20.65
Democratic Angela Aulani Kaaihue 5,885 2.76
Libertarian Alan J.K. Yim 5,559 2.60
Democratic Kim Howard 4,259 1.99
Democratic Peter Cross 3,420 1.60
Independent Calvin Griffin 2,824 1.32
Democratic Javier Ocasio 1,893 0.89
Independent Yvonne Perry 1,050 0.49
Independent Peter H. Plotzeneder 328 0.15
Blank votes 14,864 6.96
Over votes 276 0.14
Total votes 213,531 100

2016Edit

Hawaii's 1st Congressional District, 2016 [31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Colleen Hanabusa 145,417 68.09
Republican Shirlene D. (Shirl) Ostrov 45,958 21.52
Libertarian Alan J.K. Yim 6,601 3.09
Independent Calvin Griffin 4,381 2.05
Blank votes 11,013 5.16
Over votes 161 0.08
Total votes 213,558 100

Living former MembersEdit

As of November 2016, there are four former members of the House who are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Mark Takai (served 2015–2016), who died in office on July 20, 2016.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Neil Abercrombie 1986–1987
1991–2010
(1938-06-28) June 28, 1938 (age 80)
Pat Saiki 1987–1991 (1930-05-28) May 28, 1930 (age 88)
Charles Djou 2010–2011 (1970-08-09) August 9, 1970 (age 48)
Colleen Hanabusa 2011–2015
2016–2019
(1951-05-04) May 4, 1951 (age 68)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ "My Congressional District". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 28, 2018.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Hawaii Office of Elections: Election results separated by year. Accessed February 11, 2015.
  4. ^ "Dems Pick Up Hawaii Seat". The Hill. November 3, 2010.
  5. ^ Kai-Hwa Wang, Frances (May 20, 2016). "Hawaii Congressman Mark Takai to Retire to Focus on Cancer Battle". NBC News. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
  6. ^ 1970 Election Results
  7. ^ 1972 Election Results
  8. ^ 1974 Election Results
  9. ^ 1976 Election Results
  10. ^ 1978 Election Results
  11. ^ 1980 Election Results
  12. ^ 1982 Election Results
  13. ^ 1984 Election Results
  14. ^ 1986 Special Election Results
  15. ^ 1986 Election Results
  16. ^ 1988 Election Results
  17. ^ 1990 Election Results
  18. ^ 1992 Election Results
  19. ^ 1994 Election Results
  20. ^ 1996 Election Results
  21. ^ 1998 Election Results
  22. ^ 2000 Election Results
  23. ^ 2002 Election Results
  24. ^ 2004 Election Results
  25. ^ 2006 Election Results
  26. ^ 2008 Election Results
  27. ^ 2010 Special Election Results
  28. ^ 2010 Election Results
  29. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION 2012 – State of Hawaii – Statewide" (PDF). State Of Hawaii Office of Elections. November 20, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  30. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION 2014 – State of Hawaii – Statewide" (PDF). State Of Hawaii Office of Elections. November 18, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  31. ^ "GENERAL ELECTION 2016 – State of Hawaii – Statewide" (PDF). State Of Hawaii Office of Elections. November 20, 2016. Retrieved November 16, 2016.

Coordinates: 21°19′22″N 157°54′21″W / 21.32278°N 157.90583°W / 21.32278; -157.90583