Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district

Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district is located in the northeastern region of the state. It encompasses all of Wayne, Pike, and Lackawanna counties, along with almost all of Luzerne and Monroe counties.

Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district
Pennsylvania Congressional District 8.png
Boundaries since the 2018 elections.
Representative
  Matt Cartwright
DMoosic
Population (2019)698,973
Median household
income
$56,149
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+5[1]

The district had been anchored in Bucks County from the 1940s until 2018, even as most other districts in Pennsylvania changed drastically during that time frame due to population shifts and Pennsylvania's loss of seats in the House.[2]

The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania redrew the district in February 2018 after ruling the previous map unconstitutional due to gerrymandering. The 8th district was reassigned to the northeastern part of the state for the 2018 elections and representation thereafter. It is geographically the successor of the former 17th district, including the ancestrally Democratic cities of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre in the Wyoming Valley. Portions of the new 8th also came from the old 10th district, including the more conservative counties of Pike and Wayne. Meanwhile, the Bucks County district was renumbered as the 1st district.[3]

The district has a Cook PVI of R+5; however, the Democratic incumbent of the old 17th district, Matt Cartwright, won in 2018.[4] As of 2021, it is one of seven districts that voted for Donald Trump in the 2020 presidential election while being held by a Democrat.

District characteristicsEdit

The district is a mix of suburban and rural communities. It is predominantly white and middle class. The bulk of its population is located in the ancestrally Democratic cities of Scranton and Wilkes-Barre. However, the Democrats in this district are populist leaning, different from their counterparts in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh. The old 17th swung from a 55–43 win for Barack Obama to a 54–43 win for Donald Trump--the first time much of this area had voted for a Republican since 1988. Now this district is the second most Republican-leaning district held by a Democrat and the most Republican-leaning district held by a member of Congressional Progressive Caucus based on the Cook Partisan Voting Index.

Election resultsEdit

US House election, 2004: Pennsylvania District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Fitzpatrick 183,229 55 -9
Democratic Virginia Schrader 143,427 44 +7
Libertarian Arthur L. Farnsworth 3,710 1 +1
Constitution Erich Lukas 898 0.3 +0.3
Turnout 331,264
US House election, 2006: Pennsylvania District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Patrick Murphy 125,667 50 +6
Republican Mike Fitzpatrick (incumbent) 124,146 50 -5
Turnout 249,813
US House election, 2008: Pennsylvania District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Patrick Murphy (incumbent) 197,869 57 +7
Republican Tom Manion 145,103 42 -8
Independent Tom Lingenfelter 5,543 2
Turnout 348,515
US House election, 2010: Pennsylvania District 8
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Fitzpatrick 126,404 54 +12
Democratic Patrick Murphy (incumbent) 109,157 46 -11
Turnout 235,561
US House election, 2012: Pennsylvania District 8[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Fitzpatrick (incumbent) 199,379 56.6 +2.6
Democratic Kathy Boockvar 152,859 43.4 -2.6
Turnout 352,238
US House election, 2014: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Mike Fitzpatrick (Incumbent) 137,731 61.90
Democratic Kevin Strouse 84,767 38.10
Turnout 222,498
US House election, 2016: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Brian Fitzpatrick 207,263 54.4
Democratic Steve Santarsiero 173,555 45.6
Total votes 380,818 100.0
Republican hold
US House election, 2018: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Matt Cartwright (incumbent) 135,603 54.6
Republican John Chrin 112,563 45.4
Total votes 248,166 100.0
Democratic hold
US House election, 2020: Pennsylvania's 8th Congressional District[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Matt Cartwright (incumbent) 178,004 51.8
Republican Jim Bognet 165,783 48.2
Total votes 343,787 100.0
Democratic hold

List of members representing the districtEdit

The district was created in 1791.

1791–1793: One seatEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
William Findley
Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Elected in 1791.
Redistricted to the at-large district.

District eliminated in 1793 and replaced by the at-large district.

1795–1813: One seatEdit

District restored in 1795.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Thomas Hartley
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
December 21, 1800
4th
5th
6th
Redistricted from the at-large district and re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Retired and then died.
Vacant December 21, 1800 –
January 15, 1801
6th
John Stewart Democratic-Republican January 15, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
6th
7th
Elected in 1800.
Elected January 15, 1801 to finish Hartley's term and seated February 3, 1801.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
William Findley
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1813
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Elected in 1802.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
William Piper Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Retired.
Alexander Ogle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Robert Philson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
16th Elected in 1818.
Lost re-election as a Federalist.
 
John Tod
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th Elected in 1820.
Redistricted to the 13th district.

1823–1833: Two seatsEdit

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
March 4, 1823 –
April 20, 1824
18th Thomas Jones Rogers Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1822.
Resigned.
 
Samuel D. Ingham
Democratic-Republican Redistricted from the 6th district and re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828 but resigned to become U.S. Secretary of the Treasury.
April 20, 1824 –
December 9, 1824
Vacant
December 9, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
 
George Wolf
Democratic-Republican Elected October 12, 1824 to finish Rogers's term and seated December 9, 1824.
Also elected the same day in 1824 to the next term.
Re-elected in 1826.
Re-elected in 1828 but resigned to become Governor of Pennsylvania.
March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Jacksonian Jacksonian
March 4, 1829 –
October 13, 1829
21st Vacant   Vacant  
October 13, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Samuel A. Smith Jacksonian Elected October 13, 1829 to finish Wolf's term and seated December 7, 1829.
Re-elected in 1830.
Retired.
Peter Ihrie Jr. Jacksonian Elected October 13, 1829 to finish Ingham's term and seated December 7, 1829.
Re-elected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 7th district and lost re-election.

1833–present: One seatEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
Henry King Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1832.
Retired.
1833–1843
[data unknown/missing]
Edward Burd Hubley Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
Elected in 1834.
Re-elected in 1836.
Retired.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Peter Newhard Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Elected in 1838.
Re-elected in 1840.
Retired.
Jeremiah Brown Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1843.
Retired.
1843–1853
[data unknown/missing]
John Strohm Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
Elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Thaddeus Stevens
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected in 1848.
Re-elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
Henry A. Muhlenberg Democratic March 4, 1853 –
January 9, 1854
33rd Elected in 1852.
Died.
1853–1863
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant January 9, 1854 –
February 4, 1854
 
J. Glancy Jones
Democratic February 4, 1854 –
October 30, 1858
33rd
34th
35th
Elected to finish Muhlenberg's term.
Re-elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Resigned to become United States Minister to Austria.
Vacant October 30, 1858 –
December 7, 1858
35th
 
William H. Keim
Republican December 7, 1858 –
March 3, 1859
Elected to finish Jones's term.
[data unknown/missing]
John Schwartz Anti-Lecompton Democratic March 4, 1859 –
June 20, 1860
36th Elected in 1858.
Died.
Vacant June 20, 1860 –
December 3, 1860
Jacob K. McKenty Democratic December 3, 1860 –
March 3, 1861
Elected to finish Schwartz's term.
Retired.
 
Sydenham E. Ancona
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1867
37th
38th
39th
Elected in 1860.
Re-elected in 1862.
Re-elected in 1864.
Lost renomination.
1863–1873
[data unknown/missing]
 
James L. Getz
Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
40th
41st
42nd
Elected in 1866.
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Retired.
 
Hiester Clymer
Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1881
43rd
44th
45th
46th
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
[data unknown/missing]
1873–1883
[data unknown/missing]
 
Daniel Ermentrout
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1889
47th
48th
49th
50th
Elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Lost renomination.
1883–1893
[data unknown/missing]
 
William Mutchler
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
June 23, 1893
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Died.
1893–1903
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant June 23, 1893 –
August 7, 1893
53rd
 
Howard Mutchler
Democratic August 7, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Elected to finish Mutchler's term.
Retired.
 
Joseph J. Hart
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th Elected in 1894.
Retired.
 
William S. Kirkpatrick
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th Elected in 1896.
Lost re-election.
 
Laird H. Barber
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56th Elected in 1898.
Retired.
 
Howard Mutchler
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th Elected in 1900.
Retired.
 
Irving P. Wanger
Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1911
58th
59th
60th
61st
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Lost re-election.
1903–1913
[data unknown/missing]
Robert E. Difenderfer Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1915
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Lost renomination.
1913–1933
[data unknown/missing]
 
Henry W. Watson
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1923
64th
65th
66th
67th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Redistricted to the Pennsylvania's 9th congressional district.
 
Thomas S. Butler
Republican March 4, 1923 –
May 26, 1928
68th
69th
70th
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Died.
Vacant May 26, 1928 –
November 6, 1928
70th
 
James Wolfenden
Republican November 6, 1928 –
January 3, 1945
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Elected to finish Butler's term.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Redistricted to the Pennsylvania's 7th congressional district.
1933–1943
[data unknown/missing]
1943–1953
[data unknown/missing]
 
Charles L. Gerlach
Republican January 3, 1945 –
May 5, 1947
79th
80th
Redistricted from the 9th district and re-elected in 1944.
Died.
Vacant May 5, 1947 –
September 9, 1947
80th
 
Franklin H. Lichtenwalter
Republican September 9, 1947 –
January 3, 1951
80th
81st
Elected to finish Gerlach's term.
Re-elected in 1948.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Albert C. Vaughn
Republican January 3, 1951 –
September 1, 1951
82nd Elected in 1950.
Died.
Vacant September 1, 1951 –
November 6, 1951
 
Karl C. King
Republican November 6, 1951 –
January 3, 1957
82nd
83rd
84th
Elected to finish Vaughn's term.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Retired.
1953–1963
[data unknown/missing]
 
Willard S. Curtin
Republican January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1967
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Retired.
1963–1973
[data unknown/missing]
 
Edward G. Biester Jr.
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1977
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
Elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Retired.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
 
Peter H. Kostmayer
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1981
95th
96th
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost re-election.
 
James K. Coyne, III
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Lost re-election.
 
Peter H. Kostmayer
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Lost re-election.
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
 
James C. Greenwood
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2005
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Retired.
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
2003–2013
 
 
Mike Fitzpatrick
Republican January 3, 2005 –
January 3, 2007
109th Elected in 2004.
Lost re-election.
 
Patrick Murphy
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
Elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
Mike Fitzpatrick
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2017
112th
113th
114th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired.
2013–2019
 
 
Brian Fitzpatrick
Republican January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2019
115th Elected in 2016.
Redistricted to the 1st district
 
Matt Cartwright
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
present
116th
117th
Redistricted from the 17th district and re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020
[data unknown/missing]
2019–Present
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  2. ^ "Congressional Interactive District Map". Retrieved August 30, 2016.
  3. ^ Cohn, Nate; Bloch, Matthew; Quealy, Kevin (February 19, 2018). "The New Pennsylvania House Districts Are In. We Review the Mapmakers' Choices". The Upshot. The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  4. ^ "Battle for the House 2018". Real Clear Politics. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
  5. ^ "2012 General Election—Official Returns". Pennsylvania Department of State. November 6, 2012. Archived from the original on November 16, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2013.
  6. ^ a b "Pennsylvania 2014 General Election - November 4, 2014 Official Results". Pennsylvania Secretary of State. November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved January 16, 2015.
  7. ^ "2020 Presidential Election - Representative in Congress". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved November 25, 2020.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 40°20′10″N 75°09′04″W / 40.33611°N 75.15111°W / 40.33611; -75.15111