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James Charles "Jim" Greenwood (born May 4, 1951) is an American politician in the Republican Party. He represented Pennsylvania's Eighth Congressional District for six terms in the United States House of Representatives.

Jim Greenwood
Jim Greenwood.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2005
Preceded byPeter Kostmayer
Succeeded byMike Fitzpatrick
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate
from the 10th district
In office
January 6, 1987 – January 3, 1993[1]
Preceded byEdward Howard
Succeeded byDavid Heckler
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the 143rd district
In office
January 6, 1981 – November 30, 1986
Preceded byMargaret George
Succeeded byDavid Heckler
Personal details
Born (1951-05-04) May 4, 1951 (age 68)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Christina "Tina" Paugh Greenwood

Greenwood became president and CEO of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) in 2004.[2]

Personal lifeEdit

Greenwood was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and grew up in Holland, Pennsylvania. He graduated from Dickinson College with a B.A. in sociology in 1973, served as an aide to state Representative John S. Renninger and as a houseparent for children with intellectual disabilities and emotional disorders. From 1977 until 1980, he was a caseworker for the Bucks County Children and Youth Social Service Agency, working with abused and neglected children.

He and his wife, Tina, have four children.

Political careerEdit

Greenwood served as a Republican member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 143rd district from 1981 to 1986[3] and the Pennsylvania Senate for the 10th district from 1987 to 1992.[4] In 1992, Greenwood defeated Democratic Congressman Peter H. Kostmayer for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives representing Pennsylvania's 8th district.

As a centrist with libertarian views on social issues and conservative stances on taxes and economic issues, Greenwood's overall voting record was moderate. He was known as an effective legislator.[5] He voted against two of the four impeachment charges against President Bill Clinton in 1998, and sided with the House Democrats to oppose Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 2003. He also served on the House Energy and Commerce Committee and was Chairman of the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations. In this role, he led investigations and held hearings on a variety of issues within the vast jurisdiction of the Committee including corporate governance, bioterrorism, port and border security, drug importation, and the safety of nuclear power plants.

A co-founder and co-chair of the House Oceans Caucus, Greenwood was the author of comprehensive, bipartisan legislation to preserve, protect, and research ocean resources. He also worked to increase communication among world leaders to address international environmental issues. As a member of the Education and Workforce Committee, he was a leading voice in the efforts to ensure that sufficient federal funds were appropriated to meet the needs of children in special education programs and to prevent school violence.

Greenwood announced in the midst of the 2004 congressional election that he would not seek re-election and retire. He had already won the 8th district's Republican primary, and his abrupt withdrawal raised many questions. Greenwood released a statement saying: "From time to time during my twenty four years of public service, I have been approached and offered other types of challenges and opportunities. Such has been the case in the last few days, and I am currently reviewing one of these opportunities. I will make my decision public in the very near future and will have no other statement until then."[citation needed]

After serving six terms in Congress, Greenwood was appointed President and CEO of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO), a biotechnology trade association based in Washington, DC.[6]

After politicsEdit

Greenwood speaking at the Hudson Institute

Greenwood is currently the president and CEO of the Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO).[7] BIO represents more than 1,200 biotechnology companies, academic institutions, state biotechnology centers, and related organizations across the United States and in more than 30 other nations. BIO members are involved in the research and development of healthcare, agriculture, industrial and environmental biotechnology products.[8]

In addition to his work with BIO, Greenwood is a member of the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense, a group that advocates and encourages changes to U.S. policy to make national biodefense systems stronger.[9][10] In order to address biological threats facing the nation, the Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense created a 33 step initiative for the U.S. Government to implement. Headed by former Senator Joe Lieberman and former Governor Tom Ridge, the Study Panel assembled in Washington D.C. for four meetings concerning current biodefense programs. The Study Panel concluded that the federal government had little to no defense mechanisms in case of a biological event. The Study Panel's final report, The National Blueprint for Biodefense, proposes a string of solutions and recommendations for the U.S. Government to take, including items such as giving the Vice President authority over biodefense responsibilities and merging the entire biodefense budget. These solutions represent the Panel's call to action in order to increase awareness and activity for pandemic related issues.

Greenwood is also a member of the USA Science and Engineering Festival's Advisory Board.[11] Greenwood is also a member of Marine Conservation Biology Institute's Board of Directors.[12] In 2014, Greenwood joined the board of directors of the National Audubon Society.[13]

Electoral historyEdit

Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district: Results 1992–2002[14]
Year Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1992 Peter H. Kostmayer 114,095 46% James C. Greenwood 129,593 52% William H. Magerman Magerman for Congress 5,850 2%
1994 John P. Murray 44,559 27% James C. Greenwood 110,499 66% Jay Russell Libertarian 7,925 5% Robert J. Cash Cash for Congress 4,191 3%
1996 John P. Murray 79,856 35% James C. Greenwood 133,749 59% Richard J. Piotrowski Libertarian 6,991 3% David A. Booth Constitutional 5,714 3% *
1998 Bill Tuthill 48,320 33% James C. Greenwood 93,697 63% Scott Wolfertz Constitutional 3,917 3% James R. Blair Reform 1,229 1% *
2000 Ronald L. Strouse 100,617 39% James C. Greenwood 154,090 59% Philip C. Holmen Reform 5,394 2%
2002 Timothy T. Reece 76,178 37% James C. Greenwood 127,475 63% *

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, write-ins received 12 votes. In 1998, Natural Law candidate Carolyn Boyce received 1,022 votes and write-ins received 15 votes. In 2002, write-ins received 34 votes.


  1. ^ Cox, Harold (2004). "Pennsylvania Senate – 1993–1994" (PDF). Wilkes University Election Statistics Project. Wilkes University.
  2. ^ "BIO President Carl Feldbaum to Retire at Year End" (Press release). Biotechnology Industry Organization. February 2, 2004. Retrieved July 15, 2009.
  3. ^ "Pennsylvania House of Representatives - James C. Greenwood Biography". Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  4. ^ "Pennsylvania State Senate - James Charles Greenwood Biography". Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  5. ^ "The PA Report "Power 75" List" (PDF). Pennsylvania Report. Capital Growth, Inc. January 31, 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 20, 2006. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^
  7. ^ Fischer, Stephanie (November 15, 2004). "News from U.S. Rep. James C. Greenwood". Archived from the original on December 29, 2004. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^
  9. ^ "Blue Ribbon Study Panel on Biodefense". Retrieved March 31, 2017.
  10. ^ "America Needs to Strengthen Biodefense Now". Roll Call. June 12, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2017.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 21, 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on July 25, 2007. Retrieved August 8, 2007. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External linksEdit

  Media related to James C. Greenwood at Wikimedia Commons

  • "Jim's Biography". Archived from the original on December 29, 2004. Retrieved October 4, 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Peter Kostmayer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 8th congressional district

Succeeded by
Mike Fitzpatrick
Pennsylvania State Senate
Preceded by
Edward Howard
Member of the Pennsylvania Senate for the 10th District
Succeeded by
David Heckler
Pennsylvania House of Representatives
Preceded by
Margaret George
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives for the 143rd District
Succeeded by
David Heckler