Ohio's 11th congressional district

Ohio's 11th congressional district encompasses portions of Cuyahoga County and Summit County in the Northeast part of the state—including most of the majority-black precincts between Cleveland and Akron. The seat for the district in the United States House of Representatives is currently vacant, its most recent occupant, Marcia Fudge, having resigned in 2021 to join the Biden administration as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development.

Ohio's 11th congressional district
Ohio US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
Ohio's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2013
RepresentativeVacant
Distribution
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2019)684,617[1]
Median household
income
$42,207[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+30[2]

Ohio has had at least 11 congressional districts since the 1820 Census. The district's current configuration dates from the 1990 Census, when most of the old 21st District was combined with portions of the old 20th District to form the new 11th District. Much of Akron was added to the district when the congressional map was redrawn after the 2010 Census, when Ohio lost two seats in the House of Representatives. With a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+30, it is Ohio's most Democratic district and the most Democratic district in the Midwest outside Chicago.

It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map due to alleged unconstitutional gerrymandering.[3] The lawsuit describes the 11th as "a detached shoulder blade with a robotic arm" extending from Cleveland to Akron.[4]

Following Fudge's resignation on March 10, 2021, a special election will be held, with a primary on August 3 and a general election on November 2, as mandated by Ohio law. This is generally considered to be a safe Democratic seat; in the last election on November 3, 2020, Fudge won with 80.1% of the vote.

Recent historyEdit

Representative Stephanie Tubbs Jones served from 1999 through August 20, 2008, when she died in office. Ohio Governor Ted Strickland ordered a special election on November 18, 2008, to fill the remaining month of Jones's term. In addition, the seat was up for election during the November 4, 2008 general election, with the winner of that election to serve a full term beginning on January 6, 2009. Marcia L. Fudge—the mayor of Warrensville Heights (a Cleveland suburb)—won both the general and special elections and was sworn in on November 19, 2008.

Fudge served eight terms (the last month of Jones's fifth term, followed by six full terms, then three months of another) when she resigned on March 10, 2021, to join President Joe Biden's cabinet as HUD Secretary. A special election to fill the vacancy will take place later in 2021.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 79% - George W. Bush 18%
2004 President John Kerry 81% - George W. Bush 18%
2008 President Barack Obama 82% - John McCain 17.2%
2012 President Barack Obama 82.7% - Mitt Romney 16.5%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 80.5% - Donald Trump 17.0%
2020 President Joe Biden 79.8% - Donald Trump 19.2%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
 
John C. Wright
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1822.
Reelected in 1824.
Reelected in 1826.
Lost reelection.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
John M. Goodenow Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
April 9, 1830
21st Elected in 1828.
Resigned to become Judge the Supreme Court of Ohio.
Vacant April 9, 1830 –
December 6, 1830
 
Humphrey H. Leavitt
Jacksonian December 6, 1830 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected to finish Goodenow's term.
Reelected in 1830.
Redistricted to the 19th district.
James M. Bell Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Elected in 1832.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William Kennon Sr.
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th Elected in 1834.
[data unknown/missing]
James Alexander Jr. Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Elected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Isaac Parrish
Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th Elected in 1838.
[data unknown/missing]
Benjamin S. Cowen Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Elected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Jacob Brinkerhoff
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
Elected in 1843.
Reelected in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
John K. Miller Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
30th
31st
Elected in 1846.
Reelected in 1848.
[data unknown/missing]
George H. Busby Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1850.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas Ritchey Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Valentine B. Horton
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
Reelected in 1856.
[data unknown/missing]
Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th
 
Charles D. Martin
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1858.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Valentine B. Horton
Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th Elected in 1860.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Wells A. Hutchins
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1862.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Hezekiah S. Bundy
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John Thomas Wilson
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1873
40th
41st
42nd
Elected in 1866.
Reelected in 1868.
Reelected in 1870.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Hezekiah S. Bundy
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John L. Vance
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Henry S. Neal
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Henry L. Dickey
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Redistricted from the 7th district and reelected in 1878.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Henry S. Neal
Republican March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Redistricted from the 12th district and reelected in 1880.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John W. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Elected in 1882.
[data unknown/missing]
William W. Ellsberry Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
49th Elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Albert C. Thompson
Republican March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
50th
51st
Redistricted from the 12th district and reelected in 1886.
Reelected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John M. Pattison
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Elected in 1890.
Lost reelection.
 
Charles H. Grosvenor
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1907
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected in 1892.
Reelected in 1894.
Reelected in 1896.
Reelected in 1898.
Reelected in 1900.
Reelected in 1902.
Reelected in 1904.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Albert Douglas
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1911
60th
61st
Elected in 1906.
Reelected in 1908.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Horatio C. Claypool
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1915
62nd
63rd
Elected in 1910
Reelected in 1912.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Edwin D. Ricketts
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
64th Elected in 1914.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Horatio C. Claypool
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th Elected in 1916.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Edwin D. Ricketts
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
66th
67th
Elected in 1918.
Reelected in 1920.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Mell G. Underwood
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
April 10, 1936
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected in 1922.
Reelected in 1924.
Reelected in 1926.
Reelected in 1928.
Reelected in 1930.
Reelected in 1932.
Reelected in 1934.
Resigned to become Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Ohio.
Vacant April 10, 1936 –
November 3, 1936
74th
Peter F. Hammond Democratic November 3, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
Elected to finish Underwood's term.
Retired.
Harold K. Claypool Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1936.
Reelected in 1938.
Reelected in 1940.
Lost reelection.
 
Walter E. Brehm
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Elected in 1942.
Reelected in 1944.
Reelected in 1946.
Reelected in 1948.
Reelected in 1950.
Retired.
 
Oliver P. Bolton
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1957
83rd
84th
Elected in 1952.
Reelected in 1954.
Retired.
 
David S. Dennison
Republican January 3, 1957 –
January 3, 1959
85th Elected in 1956.
Lost reelection.
 
Robert E. Cook
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1963
86th
87th
Elected in 1958.
Reelected in 1960.
Lost reelection.
 
Oliver P. Bolton
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
88th Elected in 1962.
Redistricted to the at-large district and lost reelection.
 
J. William Stanton
Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1983
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
Elected in 1964.
Reelected in 1966.
Reelected in 1968.
Reelected in 1970.
Reelected in 1972.
Reelected in 1974.
Reelected in 1976.
Reelected in 1978.
Reelected in 1980.
Retired.
 
Dennis E. Eckart
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted from the 22nd district and reelected in 1982.
Reelected in 1984.
Reelected in 1986.
Reelected in 1988.
Reelected in 1990.
Retired.
 
Louis Stokes
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
103rd
104th
105th
Redistricted from the 21st district and reelected in 1992.
Reelected in 1994.
Reelected in 1996.
Retired.
 
Stephanie Tubbs Jones
Democratic January 3, 1999 –
August 20, 2008
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Elected in 1998.
Reelected in 2000.
Reelected in 2002.
Reelected in 2004.
Reelected in 2006.
Died.
Vacant August 20, 2008 –
November 18, 2008
110th
 
Marcia Fudge
Democratic November 18, 2008 –
March 10, 2021
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected to finish Jones's term.
Elected in 2008.
Reelected in 2010.
Reelected in 2012.
Reelected in 2014.
Reelected in 2016.
Reelected in 2018.
Reelected in 2020.
Resigned to become HUD Secretary.
Vacant March 10, 2021 –
Present
117th To be filled by special election November 2, 2021.

Election resultsEdit

This is an incomplete list of historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 31,359 Edwin D. Ricketts: 33,524  
1922 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 29,058 Edwin D. Ricketts: 27,162  
1924 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 35,696 Edwin D. Ricketts: 24,270  
1926 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 29,950 Walter S. Barrett: 18,300  
1928 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 34,257 Edwin D. Ricketts: 30,574  
1930 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 37,887 Ned Thacher: 21,339  
1932 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 44,380 David J. Lewis: 26,075  
1934 Mell G. Underwood Sr.: 36,020 Renick W. Dunlap: 26,723  
1936 Harold K. Claypool: 41,773 L. P. Mooney: 33,249  
1938 Harold K. Claypool: 33,764 Tom P. White: 31,004  
1940 Harold K. Claypool: 43,548 Ray W. Davis: 37,398  
1942 Harold K. Claypool: 19,817 Walter E. Brehm: 31,385  
1944 Mell G. Underwood Jr.: 33,098 Walter E. Brehm: 28,263  
1946 Lester S. Reid: 20,543 Walter E. Brehm: 31,576  
1948 Joseph C. Allen: 32,667 Walter E. Brehm: 33,796  
1950 Mell G. Underwood Jr.: 29,687 Walter E. Brehm: 33,648  
1952 Robert J. Kilpatrick: 63,930 Oliver P. Bolton: 91,204  
1954 Edward C. Kaley: 39,404 Oliver P. Bolton: 74,065  
1956 James P. Bennett: 68,831 David S. Dennison Jr.: 96,707  
1958 Robert E. Cook: 79,468 David S. Dennison Jr.: 78,501  
1960 Robert E. Cook: 104,183 David S. Dennison Jr.: 99,991  
1962 Robert E. Cook: 72,936 Oliver P. Bolton: 74,573  
1964 C. D. Lambros: 82,728 J. William Stanton: 102,619  
1966 James F. Henderson: 38,206 J. William Stanton: 86,273  
1968 Alan D. Wright: 38,063 J. William Stanton: 116,323  
1970 Ralph Rudd: 42,542 J. William Stanton: 91,437  
1972 Dennis M. Callahan: 49,891 J. William Stanton: 106,841  
1974 Michael D. Coffey: 52,017 J. William Stanton: 79,756  
1976 Thomas R. West Jr.: 47,548 J. William Stanton: 120,716  
1978 Patrick James Donlin: 37,131 J. William Stanton: 89,327 Robert Dean Penny: 4,723
1980 Patrick James Donlin: 51,224 J. William Stanton: 128,507 Harold V. Richard Jr.: 5,742
1982 Dennis E. Eckart: 93,302 Glen W. Warner: 56,616 Jim Russell (L): 3,324
1984 Dennis E. Eckart: 133,096 Dean Beagle: 66,278  
1986 Dennis E. Eckart: 104,740 Margaret R. Mueller: 35,944 Werner J. Lange: 3,884
1988 Dennis E. Eckart: 124,600 Margaret R. Mueller: 78,028  
1990 Dennis E. Eckart: 111,923 Margaret R. Mueller: 58,372  
1992 Louis Stokes: 154,718 Beryl E. Rothschild: 43,866 Edward Gudenas: 19,773; Gerald Henley: 5,267
1994 Louis Stokes: 114,220 James J. Sykora: 33,705  
1996 Louis Stokes: 153,546 James J. Sykora: 28,821 Sonja K. Glavina (N): 6,665
1998 Stephanie Tubbs Jones: 115,226 James D. Hereford: 18,592 Jean Murrell Capers: 9,477
2000 Stephanie Tubbs Jones: 164,134 James J. Sykora: 21,630 Joel C. Turner (L): 4,230; Sonja K. Glavina (N): 3,525
2002 Stephanie Tubbs Jones: 116,590 Patrick A. Pappano: 36,146  
2004 Stephanie Tubbs Jones: 222,371 (unopposed)  
2006 Stephanie Tubbs Jones: 146,799 Lindsey N. String: 29,125  
2008[5] Marcia Fudge: 8,597 (unopposed)  
2008 Marcia Fudge: 212,485 Thomas Pekarek: 36,705 Eric Johnson: 23; Craig Willis: 144  
2010 Marcia Fudge: 130,962 Thomas Pekarek: 27,872  
2012 Marcia Fudge : 258,378[6] (unopposed)  
2014 Marcia Fudge: 132,396 Mark Zetzer: 34,769  
2016 Marcia Fudge: 242,917 Beverly Goldstein: 59,769  
2018 Marcia Fudge: 206,138 Beverly Goldstein: 44,486  
2020 Marcia Fudge: 242,098 Laverne Gore: 60,323

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=39&cd=11
  2. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  3. ^ Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  4. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  5. ^ Special election November 18, 2008 to fill remainder of term through January 3, 2009
  6. ^ "2012 Election Results". Ohio Secretary of State.

Coordinates: 41°36′48″N 81°31′52″W / 41.61333°N 81.53111°W / 41.61333; -81.53111