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Betty Louise McCollum /məˈkɒləm/ (born July 12, 1954)[1] is the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 4th congressional district, serving since 2001. She is a member of the Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL). McCollum's district centers on St. Paul, Minnesota's capital city. She is the second woman elected to Congress from Minnesota.

Betty McCollum
Betty McCollum, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 4th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2001
Preceded byBruce Vento
Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives
from the 55B district
In office
January 5, 1993 – January 3, 2001
Preceded byHarriet McPherson
Succeeded byScott Wasiluk
Personal details
Born
Betty Louise Dierich

(1954-07-12) July 12, 1954 (age 65)
Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationSt. Catherine University (BA)

BiographyEdit

McCollum was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota. She graduated from the College of St. Catherine in St. Paul, Minnesota, in 1976. McCollum has worked as a high school social sciences teacher and as a sales manager.

She first won election to the North St. Paul city council in 1986.[2] In 1992 she was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives after she defeated an incumbent state representative in the DFL primary. She served four terms in the Minnesota House before being elected to Congress in 2000.[3]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

Committee assignmentsEdit

McCollum serves on the United States House Appropriations Committee and the following subcommittees:

She has previously served on:

McCollum is a member of the House Appropriations Committee, where she is the only Minnesotan. At the start of the 111th Congress, she was also appointed to the United States House Budget Committee. House Democrats are not normally allowed to serve on another committee when they also serve on one of the chamber's four exclusive "A" committees—Appropriations, Energy and Commerce, Rules, and Ways and Means—but House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and committee chairman Henry Waxman granted McCollum a waiver allowing her to take a second committee slot. McCollum served on the Government Reform Committee during her first term in Congress.[7]

Party leadership, caucus and other membershipsEdit

McCollum is the first woman elected to Congress from Minnesota since Coya Knutson in the 1950s.

McCollum received a 91% progressive rating from Progressive Punch, a self-described nonpartisan group that provides a "searchable database of Congressional voting records from a Progressive perspective",[12] and a 13% conservative rating from the conservative SBE Council.[13]

Political positionsEdit

McCollum is pro-choice and supports Planned Parenthood, NARAL Pro-Choice America, and National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association.[14] The latter organization aims to provide access to family planning and reproductive health care services and advocates for reproductive freedom.[15] She indicated on the 2002 National Political Awareness Test that she believed abortions should always be legally available, but only within the first trimester of pregnancy.[16]

McCollum has consistently supported the rights of members in the LGBTQ community.[17] The Human Rights Campaign is America's largest civil rights organization working to achieve lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender equality.[18] It has continually approved of her voting record.[17] In a speech opposing the proposed Federal Marriage Amendment, McCollum said, "Gay and lesbian Americans are citizens who must never be treated as second-class citizens".[19]

She has supported the interests of the elderly with regard to preserving Social Security. She has backed organizations such as the Alliance for Retired Americans and the National Committee to Preserve Social Security and Medicare, which share the mission to ensure social and economic justice and full civil rights for all citizens so that they may enjoy lives of dignity, personal and family fulfillment and security.[20] In a position paper McCollum defended her position on Social Security, writing, "We can secure the future of Social Security with common sense and a shared, bipartisan commitment to economic security and fiscal responsibility for all Americans. This is my commitment, and you can count on me to work to protect Social Security and to find a solution that truly protects the retirement security of every American."[21]

McCollum advocates shifting America's energy consumption to cleaner, non-carbon-based sources. Along with Al Franken and Kit Bond, she introduced the Renewable Energy and Efficiency Act, a bill to utilize thermal energy sources and create renewable energy production tax credits.[22] She also voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment in 2009.[23]

In 2004 McCollum gained national visibility when she and fellow Democrat Jim McDermott of Washington called for Secretary of Education Rod Paige to resign for claiming the National Education Association was "a terrorist organization."

She also introduced amendments in June 2011 and 2012 to cut funding for military bands by $125 million, a proposal opposed by the Fleet Reserve Association and which the National Association for Music Education called "potentially devastating."[24]

McCollum opposes Conceal-and-Carry legislation and voted against Right-to-Carry reciprocity in November 2011.[16]

In July 2019 McCollum voted against a House resolution introduced by Representative Brad Schneider of Illinois opposing the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel.[25] The resolution passed 398-17.[26]

Political campaignsEdit

After 4th District Representative Bruce Vento decided not to seek a 13th term due to illness in 2000 (he died before the election), McCollum won the DFL nomination to succeed him. The district is heavily Democratic; among Minnesota's congressional districts, only the neighboring Minneapolis-based 5th District is considered more Democratic. The DFL has held the seat without interruption since 1949. McCollum's main concern in winning office thus wasn't her Republican opponent, State Senator Linda Runbeck, but Independence Party candidate Tom Foley. Foley had previously been county attorney for Ramsey County (almost all of which is in the 4th District) as a Democrat. Many thought Foley might siphon off enough votes from McCollum to allow Runbeck to win. But McCollum defeated Runbeck by a 17-point margin, with Foley in a distant third place. Foley held McCollum to 48% of the vote, making her the only Democrat not to win at least 50% of the vote since Democrats began their present dominance in the district. The district has since reverted to form, and McCollum has been reelected nine times without serious opposition.

Electoral historyEdit

2000 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 130,403 48.04%
Republican Linda Runbeck 83,852 30.89%
Independence Tom Foley 55,899 20.59%
Constitution Nicholas Skrivanek 1,285 0.47%
2002 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 164,597 62.22% +14.18%
Republican Clyde Billington 89,705 33.91%
Green Scott J. Raskiewicz 9,919 3.75%
2004 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 182,387 57.48% −4.74%
Republican Patrice Bataglia 105,467 33.24%
Independence Peter F. Vento 29,099 9.17%
2006 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 172,096 69.54% +12.06%
Republican Obi Sium 74,797 30.23%
2008 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 216,267 68.44% −1.10%
Republican Ed Matthews 98,936 31.31%
2010 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 136,746 59.09% −9.30%
Republican Teresa Collett 80,141 34.63%
Independence Steve Carlson 14,207 6.14%
2012 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 216,685 62.27% +3.18%
Republican Tony Hernandez 109,659 31.51%
Independence Steve Carlson 21,135 6.07% -0.07%
2014 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 147,857 61.19% -1.08%
Republican Sharna Wahlgren 79,492 32.90%
Independence Dave Thomas 14,059 5.82%
2016 Fourth Congressional District of Minnesota Elections
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Betty McCollum 203,299 57.8% -1.08%
Republican Greg Ryan 121,032 34.4%
LMN Susan Pendergast Sindt 27,152 7.7%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Elections 2008". Chicago Sun-Times. 2008-10-23. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
  2. ^ "Campaign 2004". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  3. ^ "Biography". Congresswoman Betty McCollum. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
  4. ^ 107th Congress (2001-2002) H.RES.25.EH
  5. ^ 108th Congress (2003-2004) H.RES.670.EH
  6. ^ 107th Congress (2001-2002) H.RES.33.EH
  7. ^ Congresswoman Betty McCollum: Serving Minnesota's Families - Speaker Pelosi Appoints McCollum to House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform Archived November 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Membership". Congressional Arts Caucus. Archived from the original on 12 June 2018. Retrieved 13 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Members". Afterschool Alliance. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  10. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  12. ^ "Leading with the Left". Progressive Punch. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
  13. ^ "Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005" (PDF). SBE Council’s Congressional Voting Scorecard 2005. Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council. June 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-11-02.
  14. ^ "Betty McCollum: Interest Group Rating". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  15. ^ "National Special Interest Groups". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  16. ^ a b "Betty McCollum - Political Courage Test". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  17. ^ a b "National Special Interest Groups". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  18. ^ "About Us". Human Rights Campaign. Archived from the original on July 24, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  19. ^ "Public Statements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  20. ^ "National Special Interest Groups". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  21. ^ "Public Statements". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  22. ^ "Franken, Bond, McCollum Introduce Thermal Renewable Energy and Efficiency Act". Mccollum.house.gov. July 21, 2010. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  23. ^ "Energy". Mccollum.house.gov. Retrieved January 15, 2012.
  24. ^ Alaimo, Carol Ann (22 August 2011). "At Ft. Huachuca and elsewhere, military bands play the blues". Arizona Daily Star.
  25. ^ CNN, Clare Foran. "Who voted 'no' on the House resolution opposing Israel boycott movement". CNN. Retrieved 2019-07-25.
  26. ^ Schneider, Bradley Scott (2019-07-23). "H.Res.246 - 116th Congress (2019-2020): Opposing efforts to delegitimize the State of Israel and the Global Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement targeting Israel". www.congress.gov. Retrieved 2019-07-25.

External linksEdit