Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions
The Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions movement (BDS) is a Palestinian-led campaign promoting various forms of boycott against Israel. The campaign claims that its objective is to pressure Israel until it meets what the campaign describes as Israel's obligations under international law, defined as withdrawal from the occupied territories, removal of the separation barrier in the West Bank, full equality for Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel, and "respecting, protecting, and promoting the rights of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes and properties". The campaign is organized and coordinated by the Palestinian BDS National Committee.
|Formation||9 July 2005|
|Purpose||Boycotts, political activism|
Protests and conferences in support of the campaign have been held in a number of countries. BDS supporters compare the movement to the 20th-century anti-apartheid movement and view their actions similar to the boycotts of South Africa during its apartheid era, comparing the situation in Israel to apartheid. Critics have charged that the BDS movement is antisemitic, accusing it of promoting the delegitimization of Israel, and have likened it to the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses.
One of the objectives stated at the founding of the Arab League in 1945 was to "frustrate further Jewish development in Palestine by means of boycott against Zionist products". A central boycott office was established to coordinate this effort. After the establishment of Israel in 1948, the boycott of Jewish products from Palestine was transformed into the boycott of Israeli products and services.
During the Second Intifada, Palestinians began developing international solidarity and support that could be used to apply pressure on Israel nonviolently. In 2002 organizations in Europe, Australia, the United States, and the Palestinian territories called for a boycott of Israeli institutions, including a boycott of academic and cultural institutions. Palestinian academics and intellectuals also called for a boycott in October 2003. In 2004 an attempt to coordinate the boycotts gained momentum following the start of the construction of the Israeli West Bank barrier. In April 2004, the Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel (PACBI) was founded. Omar Barghouti is a founding committee member of PACBI.
Goals of the campaign
- Ending its occupation and colonization of all Arab lands and dismantling the Wall;
- Recognizing the fundamental rights of the Arab-Palestinian citizens of Israel to full equality; and
- Respecting, protecting and promoting the rights of Palestinian refugees to return to their homes and properties as stipulated in UN Resolution 194.
Founding and organization
According to the BDS movement's website, on 9 July 2005, the first anniversary of the advisory opinion by the International Court of Justice in which the West Bank barrier was declared a violation of international law, a broad spectrum of over 170 Palestinian non-governmental organizations initiated a campaign for a boycott, divestment and international sanctions against Israel until it complied with international law and universal principles of human rights. There is disagreement over exactly when and how the BDS movement began. Zachor Legal Institute founder Marc Greendorfer argued in the Roger Williams University Law Review that the BDS movement originated in the Arab League's boycott of Israel in name, in function, in tasks, in methodology and in goals. Historian Alex Joffe agreed and added the General Union of Palestinian Students, Muslim Brotherhood activities within the United States, and the Palestine Solidarity Campaign as historical antecedents. Accordingly, Joffe wrote, unresolved issues originating in the Cold War relationship between pan-Islamism and Communism are driving historical forces behind the BDS movement. The BDS campaign is organised and coordinated by the Palestinian BDS National Committee. Other organisations that advocate and are active in BDS include Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel and the Palestinian NGOs Network.
The BDS National Committee was established at the first Palestinian BDS conference, held in Ramallah in November 2007. The committee cites a body of UN resolutions. It specifically draws on language from the anti-apartheid campaigns against white minority rule in apartheid era South Africa. In Anti-Zionism on Campus, a 2018 book about anti-Zionism and antisemitism on American university campuses, editors Andrew Pessin and Doron Ben-Atar contend that BDS has its origins in the 2001 Durban UN Conference against Racism. They cite the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs as stating that some of the Palestinian NGOs referenced in BDS literature do not exist and that a significant percentage of the NGOs that do exist come from countries other than Israel or the Palestinian territories. Pessin and Ben-Atar believe that BDS should be placed in a historical context of other boycotts of Israel.
The BDS campaign has found the most success in university settings, where Israel may be judged in the court of public opinion. It has organized demonstrations and protests targeting companies that have contracts with the Israeli military or with companies in Israeli settlements. Actions may also target prominent individuals who openly support settlements businesses.
At the grassroots level, social media, petitions, articles, and on-campus events pressure individuals to cancel their participation in events in Israel or in Israeli settlements, such as concerts or academic events. These activities are intended to link Israel to negatively-charged words such as "apartheid" and "racism." At the same time, Israelis are pressured not to take part in activities outside Israel or the Occupied territories. Participants in events are sometimes demanded to declare solidarity with the Palestinian cause. Israeli Apartheid Week (IAW) is a series of such events normally held in February or March. Since IAW began in Toronto in 2005, it has since spread to at least 55 cities around the world including locations in Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Austria, Jordan, Japan, Korea, Brazil, Botswana, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, the United States, South Africa, Mexico, Norway, Australia, and Palestine.
Its opponents argue that at official university levels, the BDS campaign inundates university organizations and departments with various and recurring anti-Israel resolutions, often without notice or time for open debate. They say that BDS supporters bring outsiders to influence opinion or to vote on university resolutions even when this is unauthorized. Whether a resolution passes is not as important as keeping the debate alive at official university levels. The goal is to influence future policymakers to find fault with Israel.
Financial and organizational ties
The BDS movement is diverse enough that no single organization controls the entire movement. But some of the movement's opponents have criticized what they say are close ties to militant organizations in the Middle East.
In February 2019, the Israeli Strategic Affairs Ministry reported that a number of current or former members of designated terrorist organizations, especially Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP), were financially and organizationally involved in the BDS movement. For example, Rasmea Yousef Odeh, a former PFLP member who participated in a bombing that killed two students in 1969, participated in meetings organized by Jewish Voice for Peace and National Students for Justice in Palestine in the United States. Between 2017 and 2019, 30 financial accounts linked to BDS have been shut down in the United States and Europe after it was discovered that they had ties with terror groups. BDS organizers said the report was "wildly fabricated" and declined to respond.
Jonathan Schanzer, vice president of research at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies and a former terrorism finance analyst for the U.S. Treasury Department, has argued that there are links between American supporters of Hamas and the BDS campaign. In April 2016 Schanzer testified before the U.S. House Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade that "in the case of three organizations that were designated, shut down, or held civilly liable for providing material support to the terrorist organization Hamas, a significant contingent of their former leadership appears to have pivoted to leadership positions within the American BDS campaign."
Universities have been primary targets of the BDS movement, according to English professor Cary Nelson, "because faculty and students can become passionate about justice, sometimes without adequate knowledge about the facts and consequences. ... [U]niversities also offer the potential for small numbers of BDS activists to leverage institutional status and reputation for a more significant cultural and political impact."
The campaign for academic boycotts of Israel has been led by the Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel, which has been endorsed by nearly 60 Palestinian academic, cultural and other civil society federations, unions, and organizations, including the Federation of Unions of Palestinian Universities' Professors and Employees and the Palestinian NGO Network (PNGO) in the West Bank. Sari Nusseibeh, former president of Al-Quds University, opposed a boycott of Israeli universities in 2014. A handful of Palestinian scholars oppose cutting academic ties and have differing views on what practical results the boycott on Israel will have.
Academics in a number of countries have signed on to support the campaign. In December 2013, the American Studies Association (ASA) joined the boycott of all Israeli academic institutions. Israel is the only nation ever boycotted by the ASA in the 52 years since the organization's founding.
As of March 2018, resolutions to endorse BDS had not had any effect on college investment decisions, according to Nelson. The effect they do have, he says, is the promotion of anti-Israel (and sometimes antisemitic) sentiment within student bodies, faculty, and academic departments.
After previously agreeing to write a letter of recommendation for a student, a University of Michigan professor declined to write it after discovering the student was planning to study in Israel. After critics called a letter to the student anti-semitic, the professor said he supports BDS for human rights reasons and rejects antisemitism. Guidelines from a Palestinian organization associated with BDS say faculty "should not accept to write recommendations for students hoping to pursue studies in Israel". 58 civil rights, religious, and education advocacy organizations called on the university to sanction the professor. University officials ended the controversy by disciplining the professor and issuing a public statement that read in part, "Withholding letters of recommendation based on personal views does not meet our university’s expectations for supporting the academic aspirations of our students. Conduct that violates this expectation and harms students will not be tolerated and will be addressed with serious consequences. Such actions interfere with our students’ opportunities, violate their academic freedom and betray our university's educational mission."
Effects of business boycotts on Palestinian employment
Opponents of BDS argue that BDS destroys employment for Palestinians. They argue that companies in settlements are beneficial for Palestinians. They claim that they offer employment with high wages compared with Palestinian factories and that the Palestinians are happy with their jobs and do not feel exploited. Proponents of BDS say that in 2011 many Palestinians worked in settlements without permits and earn less than the Israeli minimum wage or even less than half the minimum wage. In the former SodaStream factory in Ma'ale Adumim, for example, for entry-level employees there was not much difference in the salaries between SodaStream and Palestinian factories. The majority of Palestinian employees at SodaStream had renewable seasonal contracts that last only three months each. According to a study conducted by Al Quds University, 82% of Palestinians working in Israeli settlements stated they would like to quit these jobs if alternative employment were available in the West Bank. Omar Barghouti said that the fact that "tens of thousands" of Palestinians work in settlements is the direct result of Israeli policy. For decades Israel has been "systematically destroying Palestinian industry and agriculture, confiscating our most fertile lands and richest water reserves, and imposing extreme restrictions of movement preventing many from reaching their workplaces". According to Who Profits, all of the Palestinian trade unions and labor unions and almost all Palestinian civil society organizations, including political parties, support the BDS call for boycott, divestment and sanctions.
Examples of business boycotts
In 2013, Luxembourg's state pension fund, FDC, "excluded from [its] authorised investment universe" eight major Israeli firms, including Bank Hapoalim, Bank Leumi, and AFI Group. FDC also excluded American firm Motorola Solutions. Norway's YMCA-YWCA joined the boycott in 2014, announcing that it would support "[a] broad economic boycott of goods and services from Israel and Israeli settlements". In February 2016, Crepes & Waffles terminated its security transport contracts with British company G4S." On 29 July 2019, a Canadian court ruled that wine from Israeli settlements must be marked, saying that labelling such products as "made in Israel" is misleading to people who wish to boycott settlement products for political reasons.
The organizers of the weeklong Rototom Sunsplash music festival held in Spain in 2015 cancelled the scheduled appearance of Jewish American rapper Matisyahu after he refused to sign a statement supporting a Palestinian state. Matisyahu said that it was "appalling and offensive" that he was singled out as the "one publicly Jewish-American artist". After criticism from Spain's daily paper El País and the Spanish government as well as Jewish organisations, the organisers apologised to Matisyahu and reinvited him to perform, saying they "made a mistake, due to the boycott and the campaign of pressure, coercion and threats employed by the BDS País Valencià."
In December 2017, New Zealand pop star Lorde cancelled the 5 June 2018 concert of her Melodrama World Tour in Tel Aviv after being urged by fans to boycott Israel, supporting the ongoing cultural boycott on the nation.
Impact of BDS
BDS's economic impact is disputed. Some reports indicate that BDS has had little impact on the Israeli economy and suggest that it is unlikely to do so for the foreseeable future. In their analysis of BDS, Andrew Pessin and Doron S. Ben-Atar wrote:
"So how is the BDS movement actually doing? ... [S]ome companies have ceased doing business with Israel .... The cultural boycott boasts of some cultural figures who endorse the boycott.... The academic boycott can point to many academics who publicly support BDS .... Several significant mainline Protestant churches continue their early support of BDS. ... In the sense of actual concrete achievements, however, the report card is less impressive. ... [Israel's] gross domestic product (GDP) has nearly doubled between 2006 (the early days of the BDS movement) and 2015. Foreign investment in Israel has tripled during the same period."
The New York Times reported that the Arab Council for Regional Integration, a group of "Arab journalists, artists, politicians, diplomats, Quranic scholars and others," said that boycotting "Israel has cost Arab nations billions in trade. They [said] it has also undercut Palestinian efforts to build institutions for a future state, and torn at the Arab social fabric, as rival ethnic, religious and national leaders increasingly apply tactics that were first tested against Israel." At the Council, Kuwaiti information minister Sami Abdul-Latif Al-Nisf spoke about the opportunity costs to Palestinians, saying that outsize focus on BDS draws money and attention away from investment in Palestinian professionals such as doctors and engineers.
In June 2015, a RAND Corporation analysis concluded that a successful BDS campaign against Israel, if it could be maintained for ten years, could cost the Israeli economy $47 billion. This figure, which was not published in the report, was reportedly determined by using a model examining previous attempts to boycott countries. The RAND Corporation also noted that "evidence on the effectiveness of sanctions is mixed, making an assessment of the potential economic effects of the BDS movement problematic".
According to Haaretz columnist and Brown University student Jared Samilow, BDS's most significant impact is the social cost it puts upon Jews living outside Israel. A 2016 poll found that 58% of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza think BDS has had a positive impact, and 14% believe it to be negative.
Reviewing four lists of achievements published by the BDS movement between July 2017 and December 2018, analyst Amin Prager concluded that, with some exceptions, impact was limited but that BDS's greatest potential effect arises from its long-term aim to influence discourse about Israel's legitimacy and international standing.
During a visit to South Africa in 2013, President Mahmoud Abbas stunned reporters and Palestinian activists by stating that the Palestinians do not support a general boycott of Israel. He supported, however, a boycott of settlement products. Omar Barghouti told Electronic Intifada that Abbas's statement conflicted with the mission of BDS.
At the 25th African Union assembly in the South Africa in June 2015, President Abbas urged the African countries to boycott goods produced by settlement companies in the West Bank.
In March 2016, the Israeli Intelligence and Atomic Energy Minister Yisrael Katz argued that Israel should employ "targeted civil eliminations" against leaders of the BDS movement. The expression puns on the Hebrew word for targeted assassinations.
In June 2016, Haaretz reported that Israeli Strategic Affairs Minister was going to establish a "dirty tricks" unit to "establish, hire or tempt nonprofit organizations or groups not associated with Israel, in order to disseminate" negative information about BDS supporters. The news came on the heels of a report that Israel's efforts to fight the BDS movement have been ineffectual, in part because the responsibility had been transferred to the Strategic Affairs Ministry from the Foreign Ministry. "Despite receiving expanded authority in 2013 to run the government's campaign against the delegitimization and boycott efforts against Israel, the Strategic Affairs Ministry did not make full use of its budget and had no significant achievements in this area," Haaretz quotes the report as saying. "In 2015, it still did not carry out its work plans."
On 7 January 2018, Israel's Ministry of Strategic Affairs published a list of twenty specific non-government organizations whose officials would be banned from entering the country, including the BDS national committee, BDS France, BDS South Africa, BDS Italy, BDS Chile, and BDS Kampagne.
In a response to Ireland's progressing of the Control of Economic Activity (Occupied Territories) Bill 2018, the Israeli prime minister issued a press release that "strongly condemns the Irish legislative initiative, the entire goal of which is to support the BDS movement and harm the State of Israel" and instructed that "the Irish Ambassador to Israel be summoned to the Foreign Ministry on this matter." According to the Israeli Foreign Ministry, the Irish ambassador said that this is not a BDS initiative and that the Irish government opposes BDS.
On August 15, 2019, Israel used a law passed in 2017 to ban the entry of two US congressional representatives. The law allows Israel to refuse entry to supporters of BDS. Fourteen people have now been denied entry on this basis including seven French politicians and European Union parliamentarians in late 2017.
Responses by other governments
In 2016, a non-binding motion was passed in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario that "calls on the legislature to stand against any movement that promotes hate, prejudice and racism" and "reject the 'differential treatment' of Israel by the BDS movement". The motion was supported by the two largest parties, the governing centrist Ontario Liberal Party and the opposition centre-right Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario, with only the social democratic Ontario New Democratic Party opposed.
On October 22, 2019, the Chamber of Deputies passed a non-binding resolution "condemn[ing] all activities and statements by groups calling for a boycott of the State of Israel, its goods, services or citizens." The resolution was introduced by Jan Bartošek, leader of the chamber's Christian Democrats caucus.
On May 17, 2017, Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu encouraged Danish minister of foreign affairs Anders Samuelsen to stop funding Palestinian organizations supporting the BDS movement. Two days later, the Danish ministry of foreign affairs began an investigation of the 24 organizations in Israel and Palestine that Denmark supports. On May 24 Netanyahu called Danish PM Lars Løkke Rasmussen to complain about Denmark's funding activities in the area. In December 2017, the Danish ministry of foreign affairs announced that Denmark would fund fewer organizations and that the conditions for obtaining Danish funds needed to be "stricter and clearer". Michael Aastrup Jensen, spokesman of foreign affairs for Venstre, said, "Israel has objected emphatically. And it is a problem that Israel sees it as a problem, so now we clear up the situation and change our support".
On February 7, 2019, Ninna Hedeager Olsen (EL), mayor of technical and environmental affairs in Copenhagen, gave an award to three BDS members known as the "Humboldt 3", including Ronnie Barkan.
In France, the 2003 Lellouche law outlaws discrimination based on a variety of immutable characteristics, including national origin." In 2015, that law and hate speech laws were applied against BDS activities in the court of appeals, but on 11 June 2020, the European Court of Human Rights unanimously ruled that the criminal conviction of 12 people involved in a campaign to boycott products imported from Israel had "no sufficient grounds and violated their freedom of expression"; compensation of 27,380 euros ($31,150) was awarded to each campaigner.
In December 2017, Munich passed a bill banning boycotts of Israel, becoming the first German city to deny space and public funds for the BDS campaign. Charlotte Knobloch, a Holocaust survivor and chairwoman of the Munich Jewish community who campaigned for the legislation, said, "Munich sent a signal against antisemitism". In May 2018, the State Office for the Protection of the Constitution in Baden-Württemberg called BDS a "new variation of antisemitism."
In May 2019, the German Bundestag passed a "symbolic" non-binding resolution declaring BDS antisemitic and stating that it was "reminiscent of the most terrible chapter in German history". The lower house voted down a competing motion from the far-right Alternative for Germany party that called for BDS to be banned entirely. The Left Party refused to support the motion but said they also rejected BDS. Three German Nazi parties—The III. Path, The Right and the National Democratic Party—support BDS.
In September 2018, the parliament of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany's most populous state, barred public institutions from hosting and supporting BDS groups. On Friday 13 September 2019, the Administrative Court of Cologne instructed the City of Bonn to admit the German-Palestinian Women’s Association to the annual Bonn Culture and Encounter Festival. The city had excluded the association because of its support for the BDS Movement. According to the court, the City of Bonn has “not even remotely” demonstrated any justification for this exclusion. In its ruling, the court clarified the status of this and other anti-BDS motions: “The motions of the Bonn City Council, as well as the motions of the parliament of North-Rhine Westphalia (20 September 2018) and the German Bundestag (17 May 2019), don’t constitute legislative acts, but are political resolutions or expressions of political will. These motions alone cannot justify, from any legal perspective, the restriction of an existing legal right.”
Dublin's City Council passed two resolutions on 9 April 2018 endorsing the BDS movement that included a motion to boycott Hewlett Packard (HP) goods, for its complicity concerning Israeli occupation. In doing so, it became the first European capital to endorse BDS.
In 2012, South African African National Congress party gave its support to the BDS movement stating it was "unapologetic in its view that the Palestinians are the victims and the oppressed in the conflict with Israel." In January 2018, it notified Israel that blacklisting individuals who support BDS has only served to strengthen the ANC's support for the Palestinian people.
In 2018, Navarre, a state in northern Spain, was the first to endorse the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement. It passed a motion that requested Spain "suspend its ties with Israel until the country ceases its policy of criminal repression of the Palestinian population."
Spain's third largest city, Valencia, passed a resolution to boycott Israeli citizens and companies. It declares that the city is “free of Israeli apartheid”, and calls for it to formally follow the BDS movement. A Spanish court found the resolution to be discriminatory and illegal a year later. It has since been annulled.
In August 2018, two Spanish municipalities rescinded their BDS motions, following legal action.
In 2014, Leicester City Council passed a motion which supported BDS in boycotting goods originating from illegal Israeli settlements in the West Bank to oppose "continuing illegal occupation" of Palestinian territory and the treatment of Palestinians by the Israeli government. Other councils that have implemented boycotts supporting BDS include Swansea Council (2010), and Gwynedd Council (2014). Legal action against the councils brought by Jewish Human Rights Watch (JHRW) was subsequently dismissed by both the High Court and then the Court of Appeal in July 2018. The councils were all cleared of anti-Semitism over the Israeli goods boycott.
The lead judgment given by Lord Justice Sales stated that the council's motion condemned 'certain actions' of Israel's government yet still recognised the state of Israel's right to exist. He said, "The condemnation was in line with a respectable body of opinion, including the UK government, the United Nations General Assembly, the European Union and the International Court of Justice." He added, "the criticism made was temperate and legitimate." Lord Justice Floyd and Lord Justice Underhill supported his decision. The judgment also stated that similar judgments were a “well-known gesture of political solidarity with oppressed groups overseas, as illustrated by calls for boycotts of goods from South Africa during the apartheid era.”
Leicester City Council's barrister, Kamal Adatia noted, ‘The ruling totally endorses Leicester’s approach to handling this motion, and has made no change whatsoever to the way in which councils can pass such motions in future. The judgement is a landmark – not for organisations like JHRW – but for all local councils. It recognises their fundamental right to pass motions of this nature and makes it clear that they can, like Leicester, fully comply with their equality duties when doing so.’
In February 2016, the British government banned boycotts of Israeli goods by public authorities, stating said authorities would face severe penalties should they enact such a boycott, as the government deemed such boycotts damaging to community cohesion and hurting Britain's national security. In 2017, the Palestine Solidarity Campaign (PSC) launched court action against the law with the support of the Quakers, the Campaign Against Arms Trade, and War on Want. After winning its case in the High Court, it then lost in the Court of Appeal, before finally winning in the Supreme Court in April 2020. The PSC's legal challenge was based on the principle that the government did not have the power to ban “ethical pensions divestment”. The Supreme Court's decision allows Local Government Pension Scheme (LGPS) funds to divest from or boycott companies involved in Israel’s illegal settlement programmes and siege of the Gaza Strip.
In April 2015, Tennessee became the first U.S. state to pass a resolution condemning BDS. As of January 2019[update], 27 states had passed various anti-BDS measures. As of June 2020[update], 29 states had anti-BDS laws, either by legislation or executive order. The laws prohibit state offices from doing business with companies that boycott Israel. The states include Alabama, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, New York, Pennsylvania, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, and Kentucky.
In several states, these laws have been challenged on First Amendment grounds for violating citizens' freedom of speech. Supporters of anti-BDS statutes argue that boycotts are economic activity, rather than speech, and that laws prohibiting government contracts with groups that boycott Israel are similar to other anti-discrimination laws that have been upheld as constitutional. Opponents, such as the ACLU, contend that the laws are not analogous to anti-discrimination legislation because they only target boycotts of Israel. The Texas, Kansas, and Arizona legislatures amended their states' anti-BDS laws in response to criticism and lawsuits.
In July 2019, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a bipartisan resolution denouncing the BDS movement. One of the resolution's sponsors, Brad Schneider, explained that he was not concerned about the movement's economic impact but opposed what he said was "an effort to delegitimize Israel, of course." A separate resolution introduced by representative Ilhan Omar, which did not explicitly mention the BDS movement but was widely seen as a response to the House anti-BDS bill, affirmed the “right to participate in boycotts in pursuit of civil and human rights at home and abroad.” The bill was co-sponsored by representative John Lewis and supported by the ACLU and J Street.
Artists and writers
Pink Floyd musician Roger Waters supports BDS. Alice Walker, author of The Color Purple, has given her support to BDS and has rejected further editions of The Color Purple from being published in Israel.
In July 2019, after the Open Source Festival in Düsseldorf disinvited the American rapper Talib Kweli for refusing to denounce the BDS movement, 103 artists, including Peter Gabriel, Naomi Klein and Boots Riley, signed an open letter condemning Germany's attempts to impose restrictions on artists who support Palestinian rights.
The African National Congress endorsed BDS in 2012. The party declared itself "unapologetic in its view that the Palestinians are the victims and the oppressed in the conflict with Israel". Following Israel's ground invasion of Gaza in 2014, the Green Party of England and Wales's conference supported "active participation in the BDS movement". Scotland's Green Party endorsed a boycott of Israel in October 2015. Members of the Green Party of Canada voted to endorse BDS in August 2016, despite the objections of the party's leader and sole MP Elizabeth May. In June 2018 the Socialist International issued a Declaration expressing support for "Boycott, divestment and sanctions (BDS) against the Israeli occupation, all the occupation institutions, and the illegal Israeli settlements including the total embargo on all forms of military trade and cooperation with Israel as long as it continues its policies of occupation and Apartheid against the Palestinian people". In 2014, an international Jewish group, Jews for Palestinian Right of Return, issued a list of signatories endorsing the American Studies Association academic boycott of Israel. The Israeli activist organization Boycott from Within supports the BDS campaign. Boycott From Within regularly releases statements calling on musicians to cancel concerts scheduled in Israel. After the German parliament declared that the BDS movement was antisemitic, a group of 60 Israeli academics responded with a letter that criticized the motion and said it was part of a larger effort to delegitimize supporters of Palestine.
The Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU) supports the campaign for BDS against Israel, fully endorsing it in July 2011. During the 2014 Israel–Gaza conflict, COSATU vowed to "intensify" their support for the campaign, picketing Woolworths for stocking Israeli goods.
In April 2014, the UK's National Union of Teachers, the largest teacher's union in the EU, passed a resolution backing boycotts against Israel. In July of that year, the UK's Unite the Union voted to join BDS.
In April 2015, the Confédération des syndicats nationaux, Quebec, Canada, representing 325,000 in nearly 2,000 unions, voted to join the campaign for BDS and support a military embargo against Israel.
On 11 September 2019, the British Trades Union Congress passed a motion titled "Palestine: supporting rights to self-determination", called for the prioritization of “Palestinians’ rights to justice and equality, including by applying these principles based on international law to all UK trade with Israel”, and declared its opposition to “any proposed solution for Palestinians, including Trump’s 'deal', not based on international law recognising their collective rights to self-determination and to return to their homes”.
The South African cleric Desmond Tutu has endorsed the BDS Movement, saying, "In South Africa, we could not have achieved our democracy without the help of people around the world, who through the use of non-violent means, such as boycotts and divestment, encouraged their governments and other corporate actors to reverse decades-long support for the apartheid regime." In an essay for Haaretz, Tutu wrote, "Those who contribute to Israel’s temporary isolation are saying that Israelis and Palestinians are equally entitled to dignity and peace."
Artists, actors, and writers
In 2015, author J. K. Rowling made the following statement:
The Palestinian community has suffered untold injustice and brutality. I want to see the Israeli government held to account for that injustice and brutality. Boycotting Israel on every possible front has its allure… What sits uncomfortably with me is that severing contact with Israel’s cultural and academic community means refusing to engage with some of the Israelis who are most pro-Palestinian, and most critical of Israel’s government.
Others who oppose the BDS movement include Howard Stern and Ed Asner. Novelist Ian McEwan, upon being awarded the Jerusalem Prize, was urged to turn it down, but said, "If I only went to countries that I approve of, I probably would never get out of bed. [...] It's not great if everyone stops talking."
I do think that the B.D.S. movement, at its heart – when you see what is really behind it, and the people who have organized it – is intent on the destruction of the State of Israel. If you look at the founding documents of the groups that first proposed B.D.S., they called for a full right of return, and, essentially, in practical terms, they’re calling for the destruction of the State of Israel. I think the ultimate objective of B.D.S. is not B.D.S. itself. If that were the case, we would all have to give up our iPhones, because so much of that technology is created in Israel. I think the objective of B.D.S., and especially the people who are the main organizers and supporters, is to make anything that comes out of Israel toxic, and I think they have had some success. So I see that, but I do not think that any kid who supports B.D.S. is ipso facto an anti-Semite. I think that’s wrong. It’s a mistake. And it’s not helpful.
In July 2017, the English rock band Radiohead performed in Tel Aviv, disregarding the campaign. In a statement responding to criticism of the decision, singer Thom Yorke said, "Playing in a country isn't the same as endorsing the government. Music, art and academia is about crossing borders, not building them, about open minds, not closed ones, about shared humanity, dialogue and freedom of expression."
In 2019, American pop star Madonna defied pressure by BDS and other pro-Palestinian groups to boycott the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest held in Israel, saying she would "never stop playing music to suit someone's political agenda, nor will I stop speaking out against violations of human rights wherever in the world they may be." In the same year, over 100 celebrities, including critics of the Israeli government such as English actor Stephen Fry, signed a statement against boycotting Eurovision in Israel. The statement read: “We believe the cultural boycott movement is an affront to both Palestinians and Israelis who are working to advance peace through compromise, exchange, and mutual recognition.”
Political parties that oppose BDS include the Liberal Party of Australia and both major political parties in the United States. A common reason given for opposing BDS is that it attacks Israel's legitimacy and fosters antisemitism. Berlin's Social Democratic Party (SPD) accused BDS of antisemitism in May 2017 and some observers, such as Reinhard Schramm, the head of the SPD in Ilmenau and the head of the Jewish community of the state of Thuringia, say that BDS shows the SPD's commitment to protecting the Jewish state is doubtful.
In December 2015, the executive board of the United Auto Workers struck down a vote by UAW Local 2865 to support the BDS movement. Local 2865 represents students workers on the University of California.
Israeli President Reuven Rivlin said that Israel is used to debate, criticism, and controversy, but that BDS is an attempt to influence discussion in unhealthy ways. "Boycotts, violence, and incitement only deepen divides, and don't bring us any closer to a solution. When BDS takes over, criticism turns into camouflage for the de-legitimization of the existence of the State of Israel," Rivlin wrote in a 2016 Ynetnews op-ed. He added, "I'm sorry to say that some parts of BDS even include factions which are connected to enemies of the State of Israel, and who work in order to eradicate Israel as a Jewish state. Some of them are even worse, and hide their anti-Semitism by calling their actions 'criticism of Israeli policy.'"
The long-standing pro-Palestinian activist and political scientist Norman Finkelstein called the BDS movement a "cult". He argued that the worldwide movement was overly controlled by the Ramallah headquarters, made unrealistic claims so as to hide a wish to destroy Israel, and accused the movement of exaggerating its achievements and its capacity, most notably by maintaining that it represents the entire pro-Palestine movement. Finkelstein also asserted that the movement misrepresented and misinterpreted Israel's obligation under international law as defined by the International Court of Justice.
Former Spanish Prime Minister José María Aznar said, "I think BDS is an unfair, discriminatory movement based on a moral double standard that is, in the final analysis, anti-Semitic [...] BDS is in fact trying to harm every Israeli citizen and not only the government. In reality what BDS wants is to make life in Israel intolerable so the Jewish nation will not be able to have a normal existence in its state. BDS does not only want to change the government's policy, it wants to empty the country of Jews."
Reception to the BDS movement has been mixed and varies widely depending on geography and politics. Some political parties have supported BDS, such as the NSW Greens in Australia and the Québec solidaire in Canada. BDS has also found support from some private companies, churches, and academic associations.
The reaction to BDS in the United States has been especially polarizing. Several bills and resolutions have been written in federal and state legislatures with the intent to combat BDS.
New Criterion reported that "some 300 university presidents denounced BDS as inimical to the academic spirit." According to Yehuda Ben Meir and Owen Alterman in an essay published in the Strategic Survey for Israel 2011 by the Institute for National Security Studies (Israel), by depicting Israel as a racist, fascist, totalitarian, and apartheid state, BDS engages in defamation and demonization of Israel. They state that this is followed by the specific targeting of Israeli diplomatic, economic, academic, and cultural targets—regardless of their position or connection to the conflict, which they describe as incitement. In a 2009 opinion column for The Jerusalem Post, Gil Troy argued that the BDS movement does not target Israel's policies, but rather targets Israel's legitimacy. The Israeli Reut Institute has argued that the BDS movement singles out Israel, and applies double standards that delegitimize Israel.
In 2007, The Economist called the boycott "flimsy" and ineffective, noted that "blaming Israel alone for the impasse in the occupied territories will continue to strike many outsiders as unfair," and pointed out that the Palestinian leadership did not support the boycott. By early 2014, however, they noted that the campaign, "[o]nce derided as the scheming of crackpots", was "turning mainstream" in the eyes of many Israelis. Alan Dershowitz and the Israeli Action Network pointed to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas's support of a boycott specific to Israeli businesses that operate in Israeli settlements in the Palestinian Territories over a general boycott of Israel as evidence that BDS is not in the Palestinians' favor. Dershowitz added, "The BDS movement is immoral because it would hurt the wrong people", such as Palestinians employees of the firms affected by BDS or patients awaiting medicine made by those firms. Similarly, Cary Nelson said, "BDS actually offers nothing to the Palestinian people, whom it claims to champion. Perhaps that is the single most cruel and deceptive feature of the BDS movement. Its message of hate is a route to war, not peace."
Dershowitz also argued that the BDS movement disincentivizes the Palestinian leadership from negotiating with Israel at present. The Anti-Defamation League similarly encouraged critics of Israel to promote constructive dialogue between Israeli and Palestinian actors rather than destructive and one-sided delegitimization tactics.
Allegations of antisemitism
The Anti-Defamation League, the Simon Wiesenthal Center and Israeli officials categorize the BDS movement as antisemitic. Abraham Foxman penned an advertisement that ran in The New York Times that criticized Brooklyn College's political science department for sponsoring a conference promoting BDS. In the ad, Foxman referred to the BDS movement as antisemitic "at its very core".
Other arguments include:
- The "double-standards" argument claims that the BDS campaign singles out Israel, or that it judges the state with standards different from those used to judge other political situations. For example, Charles Krauthammer wrote: "Israel is the world's only Jewish state. To apply to the state of the Jews a double standard that you apply to none other, to judge one people in a way you judge no other, to single out that one people for condemnation and isolation – is to engage in a gross act of discrimination." Retired Harvard Law Professor Alan Dershowitz compared the way BDS proponents "single out" Israel for its human rights violations with the way Harvard president A. Lawrence Lowell defended his decision to impose anti-Jewish quotas in the beginning of the twentieth century. When asked why there should be a quota on Jews, Lowell replied, "Jews cheat." When reminded that Christians cheat too, Lowell responded, "You're changing the subject. We are talking about Jews now."
- The accusation that supporters of the campaign make antisemitic statements or engage in antisemitic activity. For example, some supporters compare Israel's contemporary treatment of Arabs to Nazi Germany's treatment of Jews during the Holocaust and deny Israel's right to self-determination. The Australian attributes BDS supporters with antisemitic activity including the publication of material on the Internet that denies the Holocaust and promotes attacks against "Jews and Jew lovers".
- Seeing similarities, or exact identification, between BDS and historical acts of discrimination against Jewish minorities, such as historic antisemitic boycotts such as the Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses.
- The argument that BDS is a significant step in the creeping normality of antisemitism. The resulting atmosphere threatens Jewish students on American college campuses.
- In the case of academic boycotts, BDS targets Israelis who are often on record as opposing the continued Israeli presence in Palestinian territories and supporting Arab–Israeli peace initiatives.
- According to Ira M. Sheskin of the University of Miami and Ethan Felson of the Jewish Council for Public Affairs, BDS efforts have, at times, targeted Jewish individuals who have little or nothing to do with the Arab–Israeli conflict.
- Research by the AMCHA Initiative found "a strong correlation between BDS and anti-Semitism toward Jewish students on [college] campuses across the country, including attempts to exclude Jewish and pro-Israel from campus activities."
Several replies have been made to the allegations presented above:
- Jay Michaelson wrote an editorial in The Jewish Daily Forward critical of Foxman's position. His editorial mentioned that several leaders of the BDS movement are themselves Jewish and state that the ADL, "with every pro-censorship stance it takes [...] loses more and more credibility and cheapens the meaning of the term 'anti-Semitism' itself".
- Judith Butler asserts that BDS's demands are fully compatible with, and derived from, international standards for human rights. From this Butler draws the conclusion that equating BDS with antisemitism amounts to the assertion that those standards are antisemitic. Butler argues that the allegation of anti-Semitism springs necessarily from a false "generalizations about all Jews", presuming that "they all share the same political commitments" while ignoring a view prevalent among some Jews who were "exceedingly critical" of the state. A similar line of reasoning was developed by Omar Barghouti, who claims that those who criticize BDS as an attack on all the Jewish people are equating the latter with the state of Israel.
- A joint letter, signed in 2018 by 41 left-leaning Jewish social justice organizations from around the world, affirmed that BDS's tools and tactics “should not be defined as antisemitic.” The letter stated, “At times like this, it is more important than ever to distinguish between the hostility to or prejudice against Jews on the one hand and legitimate critiques of Israeli policies and system of injustice on the other
- Suggested similarities between BDS and boycotts imposed on Jews by antisemitism have been challenged by Daniel Blatman, professor of Holocaust and genocide studies at the Hebrew University. Blatman, a liberal Zionist and an opponent of BDS, argues that "the boycott imposed on Jews by antisemitism and the boycott of Israel today have nothing in common... The antisemitic boycott movement was directed against the authorities who had not acted against those who were not considered to belong to the nation, and even deemed the nation's enemy. The Israeli equivalent of the boycott movement can be found in right-wing circles, who have called for a boycott of Arab produce...."
- A September 2019 UN report addressing religious intolerance including anti-semitism noted that there are "claims that the objectives, activities and effects of the Boycott Divestment Sanctions (BDS) movement are fundamentally antisemitic" but says that "these allegations are rejected by the BDS movement". Israel’s UN Ambassador, Danny Danon, falsely said it was the "determination" of the report that BDS "encourages anti-Semitism".
- Trew, Bel (15 May 2019). "Tourists come face-to-face with Eurovision's darker side: 'No pride in apartheid'". The Independent. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
And so the event has also been hounded by activists spearheaded by the Palestinian-led campaign Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS).
- Holmes, Oliver (7 May 2019). "Israel says it will not allow in activists planning to 'disturb' Eurovision". The Guardian. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
The event has become a target for the Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions (BDS) campaign
- "BDS-backed Twitter bot network is targeting Eurovision, Israel charges". The Times of Israel. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
The Strategic Affairs Ministry said the Palestinian-led movement that promotes boycotts against Israel is behind the effort.
- Tripp, Charles (25 February 2013). The Power and the People: Paths of Resistance in the Middle East. Cambridge University Press. pp. 125–6. ISBN 978-0-521-80965-8.
- "Palestinian BDS National Committee". BDS Movement, 9 July 2005. Archived on 31 January 2016
- "Boycotts that aid the Palestinians", Ben White, Al Jazeera, 16 August 2013.
- "What's So Wrong With BDS?", Jerry Haber, The Daily Beast, 7 February 2013.
- "Israel is new South Africa as boycott calls increase", Jonathan Owen, The Independent, 3 June 2012.
- "Report" (PDF). Wiesenthal.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2017. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Jews and the Left: The Rise and Fall of a Political Alliance, Chapter Two: Anti-Semitism and support for Jewish rights: an analysis of socialist attitudes to the Jews, P. Mendes, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, page 89
- "A blueprint to combat the assault on Israel's legitimacy in Europe". The Jerusalem Post. 4 June 2014.
At its core, the assault on Israel's legitimacy is a denial of the Jewish people's right to self-determination.
- David Taras, David Goldberg. Domestic Battleground: Canada and the Arab-Israeli Conflict. pp. 64–65.
- Daniel Coleman; Erin Goheen Glanville; Wafaa Hasan; Agnes Kramer-Hamstra (26 April 2012). Countering Displacements: The Creativity and Resilience of Indigenous and Refugee-ed Peoples. University of Alberta. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-88864-592-0. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- Julie M. Norman (2009). The Activist and the Olive Tree: Nonviolent Resistance in the Second Intifada. p. 281. ISBN 978-1-109-16669-9. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
- "Boycotting the Israeli Academy". Lisa Taraki, ZNet, 19 August 2004
- "History", PACBI website, 21 December 2008. Archived 3 December 2014.
- SodaStream controversy continues to bubble. Patrick Strickland, Al Jazeera, 11 February 2014
- "Academic boycotter to study in Tel Aviv". Anshel Pfeffer, The Jewish Chronicle, 23 April 2009
- "Palestinian Civil Society Call for BDS". BDS Movement, 9 July 2005. Archived on 31 January 2016
- "Introducing the BDS Movement". BDS Movement. Accessed April 2016
- Greendorfer, Marc (7 January 2015). "The BDS Movement: That Which We Call a Foreign Boycott, By Any Other Name, Is Still Illegal": 19. SSRN 2531130. Cite journal requires
- Joffe, Alex. "Palestinians and Internationalization: Means and Ends." Begin–Sadat Center for Strategic Studies. 26 November 2017. 28 November 2017.
- Mitchell G. Bard; Jeff Dawson (2012). "Israel and the Campus: The Real Story" (PDF). AICE. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- "Boycotting Israel". Al Jazeera, 10 May 2013
- "Manipulation and Deception: The Anti-Israel "BDS" Campaign (Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions)". Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2020.
- Pessin, Andrew and Doron S. Ben-Atar. Introduction. Anti-Zionism on Campus, Pessin and Ben-Atar, Indiana UP, 2018, pp. 1-40.
- Pearl, Judea. "BDS and Zionophobic Racism." Anti-Zionism on Campus, Pessin and Ben-Atar, Indiana UP, 2018, pp. 224-235.
- "UofC Divest". UofC Divest on Facebook, 3 April 2016. Website: About Archived 31 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- "BDS action against Max Brenner undeterred by counter protest". Green Left Weekly. 27 August 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "Under boycott pressure, Veolia dumps most Israel businesses". The Electronic Intifada. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Palestinians urge Oscar nominees to reject Israel junket". Ali Abunimah, Electronic Intifada, 10 February 2016
- "Israeli musician cancels his show in Jordan following anti-Israel outcry". The Jerusalem Post, 4 April 2016
- Matisyahu Kicked Off European Festival Over Palestinian Politics. Kory Grow, 17 August 2015
- "About Israeli Apartheid Week". Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2010.
- "Campuses awash in tension over Israel apartheid week", National Post, 2 March 2009
- "Israeli Apartheid Week 2009 may be coming to a campus near you", The Jerusalem Post, 29 January 2009 Archived 13 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- [dead link]
- Sheri Shefa (6 February 2001). "Israel Apartheid Week gains momentum". The Canadian Jewish News. Archived from the original on 12 April 2009. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Editorial (7 April 2011). "BDS, bombs and rock 'n' roll". The Australian Jewish News. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Hartman, Ben. "'Israeli Apartheid Week' starts today". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Pessin, Introduction, Anti-Zionism on Campus, p. 22.
- Eichner, Itamar. "BDS:Terrorists in Suits." Ynetnews. 3 February 2019. 11 February 2019.
- State of Israel Ministry of Strategic Affairs and Public Diplomacy. Terrorists in Suits: The Ties Between NGOs Promoting BDS and Terror Organizations. State of Israel Ministry of Strategic Affairs, 2019.
- Landau, Noa. "Israeli Ministry Reports Involvement of Convicted Terrorists in Promoting BDS." Haaretz. 3 February 2019. 12 February 2019.
- Bandler, Aaron. "Report: 30 Pro-BDS Organizations’ Financial Accounts Closed Over Ties to Terrorism." Jewish Journal. 10 June 2019. 10 June 2019.
- "Israel releases report on links between BDS and militants". Associated Press. 3 February 2019. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- Stoil, Rebecca (20 April 2016). "Ties between Hamas-linked charities and BDS highlighted in Congressional testimony". Times of Israel. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- Schanzer, Jonathan (19 April 2016). "Israel Imperiled: Threats to the Jewish State" (PDF). U.S. House of Representatives Document Repository. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- Cary Nelson and Gabriel Brahm, The Case Against Academic Boycotts of Israel (MLA Members for Scholars Rights, 2015), 13. Qtd. in Pessin, Introduction, Anti-Zionism on Campus, 6.
- "Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (Bds) Frequently Asked Questions". US Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- Kalman, Matthew (19 January 2014). "Palestinians Divided Over Boycott of Israeli Universities". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "140 Irish academics pledge to boycott Israeli institutions". The Electronic Intifada. 21 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Gilio-Whitaker, Dina (29 December 2013). "The Native American Studies Association Boycott of Israel". Indian Country Today Media Network.com. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- "BACBI: Press Releases: Academic". Bacbi.be. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Redden, Elizabeth (23 November 2015). "Big Night for Boycott Movement". Inside Higher Ed. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
- "2013 Top Ten Anti-Semitic/Anti-Israel Slurs" Archived 30 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine. Simon Wiesenthal Center. 30 December 2013.
- Redden, Elizabeth. "Backing the Israel Boycott". Inside Higher Ed. 17 December 2013.
- Nelson, Cary. "Conspiracy Pedagogy on Campus: BDS Advocacy, Antisemitism, and Academic Freedom." Anti-Zionism on Campus, Pessin and Ben-Atar, Indiana UP, 2018, pp. 190-211 (see especially p. 191).
- Michigan professor embroiled in Israel boycott row, BBC, 21 September 2018
- University of Michigan professor refuses to write letter for student to study abroad in Israel, CBS, Jason Silverstein, 18 September 2018
- JEWISH GROUPS WANT UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN TO SANCTION PROFESSOR, JPost, 25 September 2018
- Bandler, Aaron. "U Mich Disciplines Professor Who Denied Rec Letter to Student Studying in Israel." Jewish Journal. 9 October 2018. 10 October 2018.
- Schlissel, Mark S. and Martin A. Philbert. "Letter: Important questions around issues of personal beliefs, our responsibilities as educators, and anti-Semitism." Office of the President. 9 October 2018. 10 October 2018.
- "Palestinian Workers in Settlements–Who Profits' Position Paper" Archived 29 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Who Profits, 2013
- Jihan Abdalla, 'A Palestinian contradiction: working in Israeli settlements,' Archived 4 December 2017 at the Wayback Machine Al-Monitor February 18, 2014.
- "FDC Exclusion List" (PDF). Fonds du Compensation. 15 November 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
- White, Ben (6 March 2014). "Spring in the step of BDS, as a worried Israel plans pushback". Middle East Monitor. Archived from the original on 15 September 2015. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
- Norwegian YMCA embraces boycott Israel policy, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (reprinted in The Jerusalem Post), 2 March 2014.
- Jewish NGO wants YMCA rapped for Israel boycott, The Local, 14 March 2014.
- G4S loses major contract in Colombia after BDS campaign Archived 20 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Middle East Monitor, 26 February 2016.
- "Israeli wine from settlements must be labelled, Canada court rules". Haaretz. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
- "Kattenburg v. Canada (Attorney General)". Federal Court. 29 July 2019. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
- "Unacceptable discrimination". El País. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Spanish Official Condemn Matisyahu Cancellation". Billboard. 18 August 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "A Rototom Sunsplash public institutional declaration regarding Matisyahu". Rototomsunsplash.com. 19 August 2015. Archived from the original on 20 August 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- Baaumont, Peter (25 December 2017). "Lorde cancels Israel concert after pro-Palestinian campaign". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 May 2020.
- "The BDS Movement Can't Harm Israel's Economy, Just its Reputation". 5 September 2014.
- "More 'Noise' Than Anything?". 28 May 2014.
The BDS movement gets heft from media coverage but its impact is minor to inconsequential
- "Knesset report: BDS movement has no impact on economy". Haaretz. 9 January 2015.
Finds exports to Europe have doubled since launch of BDS movement
- Pessin, Andrew and Doron S. Ben-Atar. Introduction. Anti-Zionism on Campus, Indiana UP, pp. 15-16.
- Halbfinger, David M. "Arab Thinkers Call to Abandon Boycotts and Engage With Israel." New York Times. 20 November 2019. 21 November 2019.
- Frazer, Jenni. "Newly Formed Arab Council Publicly Decries BDS and Seeks Reconciliation with Israel." Jewish Journal. 26 November 2019. 26 November 2019.
- Reed, John (12 June 2015). "Israel: A new kind of war". Financial Times. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
- Study: Peace would boost Israel's economy $123b by 2024 by Niv Elis, The Jerusalem Post, 6 June 2015.
- Samilow, Jared. "Students for Justice in Palestine at Brown University." Anti-Zionism on Campus, Pessin and Ben-Atar, Indiana UP, 2018, pp. 384-389.
- Muasher, Perry Cammack, Nathan J. Brown, Marwan. "Revitalizing Palestinian Nationalism: Options Versus Realities". Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Amir Prager (April 2019). "Achievements According to the BDS Movement: Trends and Implications" (PDF). Strategic Assessment. 22 (1): 39–48.
- "The PA president’s comments at the time conflicted 'with the Palestinian national consensus that has strongly supported BDS against Israel since 2005,' one of the founders of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement, Omar Barghouti, told the Electronic Intifada website at the time." "Abbas urges Africans to label, boycott settlement goods". Adiv Sterman, The Times of Israel, 15 June 2015
- Mairav Zonszein, 'In Israel, BDS is winning,'+972 magazine 28 March 2016.
- Oren, Amir (20 June 2016). "Israel Setting Up 'Dirty Tricks' Unit To Find, Spread Dirt on BDS Groups". Haaretz. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Ravid, Barak (24 May 2016). "Watchdog: Power Struggles Between Ministries Hindered Israel's Battle Against BDS". Haaretz. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- staff (8 January 2018). "Nobel-winning Quakers vow to keep up campaign after banned from Israel". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- Peter Beaumont (7 January 2018). "Israel imposes travel ban on 20 foreign NGOs over boycott movement". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "Israel publishes 'BDS blacklist' of 20 groups barred from entering country". i24 Israel. 7 January 2018. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
- "PM Netanyahu condemns Irish legislative initiative". Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- "Irish ambassador summoned to the MFA for clarification". Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 31 January 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- "The Anti-Boycott Law Israel Used to Bar Both Omar and Tlaib". New York Times. 15 August 2019. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- Austrian Parliament condemns BDS movement as antisemitic§
- Jefferson, Shawn (1 December 2016). "Ontario MPPs reject BDS movement". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 6 December 2016.
- Ahren, Raphael. "Czech lawmakers pass resolution condemning BDS movement". Times of Israel.
- Sørensen, Allan (18 May 2017). "Netanyahu til Samuelsen: "Stop finansiering af palæstinensiske boykotgrupper"" [Netanyahu to Samuelsen: "Stop financing Palestinian boycott groups"]. Berlingske. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- "Medie: Løkke modtog vredt opkald fra Netanyahu" [Medium: Løkke received angry call from Netanyahu]. Berlingske. 26 May 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Sindberg, Mathias (2 January 2018). "Israel bankede i bordet. Og så ændrede Danmark sin støtte til ngo'er i Israel og Palæstina" [Israel objected. And then Denmark changed its support to NGOs in Israel and Palestine]. Information. Retrieved 27 August 2019.
- Lingren, Daniel (13 February 2019). "Københavnsk borgmester overrækker pris til anti-israelsk bevægelse" [Copenhagenian mayor awards anti-Israeli movement]. Berlingske. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Germany's relentless campaign to silence pro-Palestinian voices". Aljazeera. 22 March 2019. Retrieved 27 May 2020.
- "BDS a Hate Crime? In France, Legal Vigilance Punishes anti-Israel Activists." Haaretz. 15 February 2015. 29 June 2017.
- Weinthal, Benjamin. "Exclusive: French Government ...." Jerusalem Post. 27 April 2016. 29 June 2017.
- "France Court Upholds 'BDS Is Discrimination' Ruling." The Forward. 23 October 2015. 29 June 2017.
- "European court rules against France in Israel boycott activist case". Reuters. 11 June 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
- Munich first in Germany to pass anti-BDS law, JPost, Benjamin Weinthal, 14 December 2017
- Weinthal, Benjamin. "German Intelligence Agency ...." Jerusalem Post. 31 May 2018. 7 February 2019.
- Bennhold, Katrin (17 May 2019). "German Parliament Deems B.D.S. Movement Anti-Semitic". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 May 2019.
- "In backdrop of increased incidents against Jews in Europe, German lawmakers declare BDS anti-Semitic". Jewish News Syndicate. 17 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- Bennhold, Katrin (17 May 2019). "German Parliament Deems B.D.S. Movement Anti-Semitic". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- 'POST' REPORTS STOP FUNDING FOR GERMAN NEO-NAZI PARTY LINKED TO HEZBOLLAH
- GERMAN STATE PARLIAMENT BANS BDS WHILE ANTI-ISRAEL BANK DEFIES RESOLUTION, JPost, 19 September 2018
- "Another German Court rules in favour of supporters of BDS Movement". IEuropean Coordination of Committees and Associations for Palestine. 19 September 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
- "'Spelling error' gets banned Dublin mayor Michael Mac Donncha into Israel". Sky News. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Who's afraid of BDS?". Green Left Weekly. 15 June 2018. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- Gordin, Jeremy (21 December 2012). "South Africa's Ruling Party Endorses BDS Campaign Against Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- "'Israel's BDS attack is an attack on South Africans' | IOL News". African News Agency/ANA. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- In first, a Spanish state calls for ‘suspending’ relations with Israel, JTA, 15 June 2018
- "Pro-Israel Group Explores Legal Action After Valencia Declares Itself 'Free of Israeli Apartheid'". Algemeiner.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "Spanish Court Rules Valencia City Council Violated Constitution by Affiliating With BDS Group." Algemeiner. 17 June 2019. 14 November 2019.
- LEGAL ACTION CONVINCES TWO SPANISH CITIES TO REVERSE BDS MOTIONS, JPost, 28 August 2018
- "Swedish PM appoints trade minister Linde as new foreign minister". CNA. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "New Swedish Foreign Minister: 'BDS legitimate not anti-Semitic movement'". MEMO. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "Swedish FM: BDS is not anti-Semitic". Arutz Sheva. 29 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- Hanna, Megan. "BDS movement: Lessons from the South Africa boycott". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 7 September 2018.
- "'Anti-Semitic' council claim dismissed". BBC News. 4 July 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- Ltd, Hemming Group (5 July 2018). "Council's boycott of illegal Israeli settlements 'legitimate', court rules". Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Three councils cleared of anti-semitism over boycott of Israeli goods". The Independent. 28 June 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Local Government Lawyer - Judges reject appeal over motion boycotting produce from Israeli settlements". www.localgovernmentlawyer.co.uk. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- Martin, Dan (4 July 2018). "City council WINS case over Israeli settlement goods boycott". leicestermercury. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- "Council's boycott of illegal Israeli settlements 'legitimate', court rules". LocalGov. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
- Eichler, William (5 July 2018). "Council's boycott of illegal Israeli settlements 'legitimate', court rules". LocalGov. Retrieved 12 September 2018.
- Stone, Jon (17 February 2016). "Banning boycotts of Israel will protect Britain's national security, Government says". The Independent.
- "Palestine activists win landmark Supreme Court ruling against UK government". Middle East Eye. 29 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2020.
- Osborne, Samuel (16 December 2019). "Boris Johnson to pass law banning anti-Israel boycott, official says". The Independent. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "Tennessee legislature first in nation to approve anti-BDS measure". The Jewish Observer. 22 April 2015.
- "Anti-Semitism: State Anti-BDS Legislation (November 2018)". Jewish Virtual Library. November 2018. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Anti-Boycott Legislation Around The Country
- South Dakota governor signs executive order prohibiting Israel boycotts
- South Dakota governor signs executive order banning boycotts of Israel
- Shorman, Jonathan; Woodall, Hunter (30 January 2018). "Judge blocks Kansas law barring boycotts of Israel after Wichita teacher sued". The Wichita Eagle. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
- Kesslen, Ben (2 March 2019). "Publisher embroiled in legal battle with Arkansas over law banning Israel boycotts". NBC News. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
- Bandler, Aaron. "Federal Court Upholds Amended Arizona Anti-BDS Law." Jewish Journal. 10 January 2020. 10 January 2020.
- Kampeas, Ron. "After legal challenges, Texas moves to amend its Israel boycott law." Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 11 April 2019. 10 January 2020.
- Alterman, Eric. "Does Anyone Take the B.D.S. Movement Seriously?" New York Times. 29 July 2019. 29 July 2019.
- "Roger Waters Voices Support for Israel Boycott". Haaretz. 6 March 2011. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- Adam Horowitz and Philip Weiss (28 June 2010). "The Boycott Divestment Sanctions Movement". The Nation. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Flood, Alison (20 June 2012). "Alice Walker declines request to publish Israeli edition of The Color Purple". the Guardian. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Boycott Eurovision Song Contest hosted by Israel". The Guardian. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- "140 artists, 6 of them Israeli, urge boycott of Eurovision if hosted by Israel". The Times of Israel. 8 September 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
- "Talib Kweli's removal from festival lineup is part of anti-Palestinian censorship trend". The Guardian. 2 July 2019. Retrieved 2 July 2019.
- Gordin, Jeremy (21 December 2012). "South Africa's Ruling Party Endorses BDS Campaign Against Israel". Haaretz. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
- Israel's Ground Invasion, Autumn 2014, Green Party of England and Wales
- "Scottish Party Passes Motion for Boycott of Israel, Removal of Hamas From List of Terror Groups". Algemeiner.com. 13 October 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "Green Party's support for 'polarizing' boycott against Israel forces Elizabeth May to reconsider future". CBC News. 9 August 2016. Retrieved 10 August 2016.
- "Declaration on the Palestinian Question" (PDF). Socialist International. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- "Socialist International of 140 Global Political Parties Adopts BDS, Calls for Military Embargo on Israel". Palestinian BDS National Committee. 5 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
- "'Jews For Palestinian Right of Return' endorse American Studies Association boycott of Israeli academic institutions". Mondoweiss.net. 14 February 2014. Archived from the original on 19 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Boycott! Supporting the Palestinian BDS Call from Within. "From Israeli citizens to CocoRosie – Please do not play in apartheid Israel". Archived from the original on 7 February 2016.
- Oltermann, Philip (17 May 2019). "German parliament declares Israel boycott campaign antisemitic". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 May 2019.
- "COSATU Endorses the Palestinian Call to Impose an Immediate, Comprehensive Military Embargo on Israel". BDSmovement. 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "Cosatu to intensify Israeli goods boycott". news24. 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "NUT Annual Conference 2014 final agenda" (PDF). National Union of Teachers. 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 July 2014. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- Lewis, Jerry (6 July 2014). "UK's largest union backs boycott of Israel". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- Louis-Serge Houle (2015). "La CSN se joint au mouvement mondial". Confédération des syndicats nationaux. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
- "TUC passes motion for extensive Israel boycott at annual conference". JewishNews. 11 September 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2019.
- Munshi, Debashish; Kurian, Priya (2016). "Public Relations and Sustainable Citizenship". In L'Etang, Jackie; et al. (eds.). The Routledge Handbook of Critical Public Relations. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. p. 411. ISBN 978-0-41-572733-4.
- "Tutu: Israel's Humiliation of Palestinians 'Familiar to Black South Africans'". Haaretz. 10 March 2014.
- "Desmond Tutu: Israel guilty of apartheid in treatment of Palestinians". The Jerusalem Post. 10 March 2014.
- Tutu, Desmond (14 August 2014). "My Plea to the People of Israel: Liberate Yourselves by Liberating Palestine". Haaretz.
- "A Brief History of Stephen Hawking's Complicated Relationship With Israel". Haaretz. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Stephen Hawking on Alien Life, Extraterrestrials and the Possibility of UFOs Visiting Earth". Newsweek. 14 March 2018. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Which celebs are pro/anti Israel: The complete guide". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
- "Which celebs are pro/anti Israel: The complete guide".
- "Ed Asner: ‘I do not support BDS.’" Jewish Journal. 25 April 2017. 25 April 2017.
- "Israel boycotters target authors, artists". Ynetnews. 5 March 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2011.
- Chotiner, Isaac (January 24, 2019) "Looking at Anti-Semitism on the Left and the Right: An Interview with Deborah E. Lipstadt" The New Yorker
- "Radiohead defy critics to play Israel". BBC News. 20 July 2017. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
- Beaumont-Thomas, Ben (12 July 2017). "Radiohead's Thom Yorke responds as Ken Loach criticises Israel gig". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
- Madonna vs. BDS: Cancel Your Appearance at the Eurovision Song Contest
- Israel brushes off Eurovision boycott calls with a big assist from Madonna
- Sherwin, Adam (30 April 2019). "Eurovision 2019: Stephen Fry & Sharon Osbourne lead celebrities rejecting boycott of Israel Song Contest". inews.co.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2019.
- Ean Higgins (29 May 2013). "In a democracy freedom of expression had to allow a capacity for dissent". The Australian. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Republican Platform 2016." 2016. 16 November 2016.
- Kornbluh, Jacob. "Hillary Clinton Reaffirms Opposition to BDS in Letter to Jewish Leaders". Haaretz. 10 May 2016.
- Ric Willmot. "Martin Foley, Victorian Labor MP scared of Year 12 student". Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Berlin Social Democratic Party declares BDS antisemitic. Jerusalem Post. 22 May 2017.
- "United Auto Workers Reject Boycott of Israel". 17 December 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- "United Auto Workers International Overturns Local Union's BDS Vote | Jewish & Israel News Algemeiner.com". www.algemeiner.com. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
- Rivlin, Reuven. "Taking Down BDS". Ynetnews. 28 March 2016.
- Norman Finkelstein Interview with Frank Barat: BDS Campaign – Imperial College London [09-02-2012]. 6 March 2012 – via YouTube.
- Norman G. Finkelstein (14 February 2014). "Beyond the Mass BDS Psychosis". Normanfinkelstein.com. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "Norman Finkelstein Throws Wrench In Anti-Israel Movement's Claim To A Rights-Based Agenda". www.adl.org. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- The Electronic Intifada (4 June 2012). "Finkelstein renews attack on BDS "cult", calls Palestinians who pursue their rights "criminal"". The Electronic Intifada. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
- "BDS movement seeks to empty Israel of Jews, former Spanish PM says", Haim Isserovitz, 20 June 2015, The Jerusalem Post.
- "Tony Blair calls Roger Waters anti-Israel views 'ludicrous'". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Wintour, Patrick (12 March 2014). "David Cameron says he would oppose boycott of Israel in speech to Knesset". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Mairs, Nicholas (18 September 2018). "Theresa May mounts fresh pledge to tackle anti-Semitism while blasting 'unacceptable' Israeli boycott calls". Politics Home. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
- Pearl, Judea. "Boycott Israel? Not On My Campus". Editorial. Jewish Journal. 3–9 January 2014: 9. Print.
- "Israel boycotts now official NSW Greens policy". The Australian Jewish News. 9 December 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2011.
- Jerome Klassen; Gregory Albo (10 January 2013). Empire's Ally: Canada and the War in Afghanistan. University of Toronto Press. p. 407. ISBN 978-1-4426-1304-1.
- "A campaign that is gathering weight". The Economist. 8 February 2016. 6 May 2016.
- Proposed congressional bill links BDS prevention, EU trade deal, Jewish Telegraphic Agency (JTA), 10 February 2015.
- New bill in Congress prioritizes fight against BDS in EU trade talks by Michael Wilner, Jerusalem Post 10 February 2015.
- "U.S. lawmakers introduce legislation to prevent Israel boycotts". Haaretz. 27 March 2015.
- "Illinois governor to sign anti-BDS bill". Al-Jazeera. 19 May 2015.
- Kontorovich, Eugene. "Can States Fund BDS?" Tablet Magazine. 13 July 2015. 18 July 2015.
- "Indiana House unanimously passes anti-BDS bill". Jewish Journal. 29 January 2016. 1 February 2016.
- Weinthal, Benjamin and Asaf Romirowsky. "How New York can help stop Europe's rampaging Israel boycotters". New York Post. 10 May 2016. 12 May 2016.
- Green, Dominic. "The intersectionality of fools." New Criterion, vol. 35, no. 5, 2017, p. 34+. General OneFile, Accessed 26 September 2017. go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=ITOF&sw=w&u=lapl&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CA477338143&it=r&asid=f6bcbb2530469369dfb1a544bf69be0c
- Meir, Y. B., & Alterman, O. (2011). The Delegitimization Threat: Roots, Manifestations, and Containment. Strategic Survey for Israel. Tel Aviv: The Institute For National Security Studies, 121–137.
- "Delegitimizing the delegitimizers". Archived from the original on 2 February 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "The Reut Institute: The BDS Movement Promotes Delegitimization against Israel". Retrieved 13 August 2010.
- "Boycotting Israel: New pariah on the block". The Economist. 13 September 2007.
- "A campaign that is gathering weight". The Economist. 8 February 2014.
- Dershowitz, Alan. "Israel and the myopic BDS movement". The Boston Globe. 26 December 2013. 1 January 2014.
- Guttman, Nathan. "Academic Backers of Boycott Israel Movement Take Aim at Bigger Targets". The Jewish Daily Forward. 18 December 2013. 1 January 2014.
- Dershowitz, Alan (12 February 2014). "Ten reasons why BDS is immoral and hinders peace". Haaretz. Retrieved 6 January 2015.
- "Final score: Dershowitz 137, BDS 101". The Jerusalem Post. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
- "BDS: The Global Campaign to Delegitimize Israel." ADL. 5 February 2019.
- Fishman, Joel S. "The BDS Message Of Anti-Zionism, Anti-Semitism, And Incitement To Discrimination". Israel Affairs 18.3 (2012): 412–425. Academic Search Complete. Web. 8 June 2013.
- "Anti-Israel groups push product, performers boycott". USA Today. 17 March 2013. 8 June 2013.
- "The Wrong Way To Fight BDS". The Jewish Daily Forward. 21 February 2013.
- "Is BDS Hate Speech?" The Jewish Daily Forward. 14 February 2013. 2 June 2013.
- Foxman, Abraham. "An Open Letter on Academic Freedom and University Responsibility". ADL. 2 June 2013.
- Krauthammer:Poison of anti-Semitism continues to proliferate 9 January 2014
- Dershowitz, Alan. "Boycotting Israeli universities: A victory for bigotry". Haaretz. 17 December 2013.
- The European Union's Working Definition of Antisemitism lists "comparisons of contemporary Israeli policy to that of the Nazis" as an example of antisemitic behavior. qtd. in "Boycotts, Divestment, and Sanctions ...."
- "Boycotts, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) Resource Page". NGO Monitor. 14 July 2011. 1 June 2013.
- Kerr, Christian Julia Gillard denounces activists as anti-Israel protest turns anti-Semitic. The Australian. 30 April 2013.
- Jews and the Left: The Rise and Fall of a Political Alliance, By P. Mendes, Springer 2014, page 89
- Trials of the Diaspora: A History of Anti-Semitism in England, By Anthony Julius, Oxford University Press 2010, page 478-484
- "SWC Commends UEFA for Holding Under-21 European Championship in Israel, Blasts Attempts to Cancel/Boycott the Event". Targeted News Service. 21 May 2013. ProQuest. Web. 8 June 2013.
- Nagourney, Adam. "In U.C.L.A. Debate Over Jewish Student, Echoes on Campus of Old Biases." The New York Times. 6 2015.
- "When BDS Comes to Campus, Antisemitism Follows". Algemeiner.com.
- Wistrich, Robert S. A Lethal Obsession: Anti-Semitism from Antiquity to the Global Jihad. New York: Random House, 2010. p. 407
- Sheskin, Ira M.; Felson, Ethan (2016). "Is the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions Movement Tainted by Anti‐Semitism?". Geographical Review. 106 (2): 270–275. doi:10.1111/j.1931-0846.2016.12163.x.
We contend that the BDS movement, born of an ideology hostile to Judaism and Jewish nationalism and still immersed in that ideology rather than the language of peace, is not, as its proponents assert, a focused campaign aimed to change Israeli policies. Instead, it is a movement that often lacks integrity and quite often traffics in anti-Semitism. We have demonstrated that these anti-Semitic underpinnings are exhibited in the cultural, academic, and commercial spheres. In all three cases, persons who happen to be Jewish are blamed for the supposed sins of other Jews.
- Bandler. "UCI Student Senate Repeals BDS Resolution." Jewish Journal. 14 April 2020. 15 April 2020.
- Michaelson, Jay. "The Wrong Way To Fight BDS". The Jewish Daily Forward. 21 February 2013.
- Judith Butler's Remarks to Brooklyn College on BDS, The Nation, 7 February 2013
- Why the boycott movement scares Israel, The New York Times, 31 January 2014.
- "Israel and BDS: A controversial boycott divides the West | DW | 07.09.2018". Deutsche Welle.
- Chernick, Ilanit (18 July 2018). "39 Jewish left-wing groups pen letter supporting BDS". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
- "First-ever: 40+ Jewish groups worldwide oppose equating antisemitism with criticism of Israel". Jewish Voice for Peace. 17 July 2018. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Blatman, Daniel. Not anti-Semitism but hysteria, Haaretz, 18 June 2015.
- Elimination of all forms of religious intolerance
- "New UN report on combating anti-Semitism warns phenomenon 'toxic' to societies". Times of Israel. 24 September 2019. Retrieved 15 April 2020.
- Barghouti, Omar (2011). Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions: The Global Struggle for Palestinian Rights. Haymarket Books. ISBN 978-1-60846-114-1.
- Barghouti, Omar, "Smearing BDS: H.Res. 246 stooped to McCarthy-era tactics", The Nation, vol. 309, no. 4 (August 26 / September 2, 2019), pp. 5, 8. "Israel's desperate war on BDS, fought with fabrication, demonization, and intimidation, as exemplified by this newly approved House resolution , is failing [as] public opinion [shifts] in favor of Palestinian human rights, including in the United States." (p. 8.)
- Mendes, Philip & Dyrenfurth, Nick (2015). Boycotting Israel is Wrong: The Progressive Path to Peace between Palestinians and Israelis. Sydney, Kensington: NewSouth (University of New South Wales Press). ISBN 978-1-74-223414-4: A critique of the BDS Movement.
- Nelson, Cary (2016). Dreams Deferred: A Concise Guide to the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict and the Movement to Boycott Israel. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-25-302518-0.
- Nelson, Cary (2019). Israel Denial: Anti-Zionism, Anti-Semitism, & the Faculty Campaign Against the Jewish State. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-04507-2.
- Pessin, Andrew and Doron S. Ben-Atar, editors. Anti-Zionism on Campus: The University, Free Speech, and BDS. Indiana University Press, 2018. ISBN 978-0-253-03406-9
- Thrall, Nathan (14 August 2018). "BDS: how a controversial non-violent movement has transformed the Israeli-Palestinian debate". The Guardian. London.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions.|
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
Supportive of BDS
- Global BDS Campaign
- BRICUP (the British Committee for the Universities of Palestine) the body that promotes the academic boycott in the UK
- PACBI (Palestinian campaign for the academic and cultural boycott of Israel)
- Palestinian United Call for BDS against Israel by the Boycott National Committee
- Jello Biafra: "Caught in the crossfire: Should musicians boycott Israel?" on Al Jazeera website (critically supportive)
Critical of BDS
- "Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS)", Anti-Defamation League, 2014.
- Jiulio Meotti, Is BDS campaign working?, Ynetnews, 31 August 2011
- NGO Monitor, Israeli anti-BDS organisation
- "Boycott Divestment Sanctions (BDS) Against Israel: An Anti-Semitic, Anti-Peace Poison Pill", Simon Wiesenthal Center, March 2013
- Delegitimation of Israel and Israel Attachments Among Jewish Young Adults:The College Campus and Other Contributing Factors, a paper by The Jewish People Policy Institute
Debates on BDS and Mixed Support
- Debate between Omar Barghouti and Rabbi Arthur Waskow, Democracy Now!