Eurovision Song Contest 2019

The Eurovision Song Contest 2019 was the 64th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Tel Aviv, Israel, following Netta's win at the 2018 contest in Lisbon, Portugal, with the song "Toy". It was the third time Israel had hosted the contest, having previously done so in 1979 and 1999. However, this was the first time the contest was held outside of Jerusalem. Organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) and host broadcaster Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC), the contest was held at Expo Tel Aviv, and consisted of two semi-finals on 14 and 16 May, and the final on 18 May 2019.[2] The three live shows were hosted by Erez Tal, Bar Refaeli, Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub.

Eurovision Song Contest 2019
Dare to Dream
Eurovision Song Contest 2019 logo.png
Dates
Semi-final 114 May 2019
Semi-final 216 May 2019
Final18 May 2019
Host
VenueExpo Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv, Israel
Presenter(s)Erez Tal
Bar Refaeli
Assi Azar
Lucy Ayoub
Directed byAmir Ukrainitz
Sivan Magazanik
Yuval Cohen
Executive supervisorJon Ola Sand
Executive producerZivit Davidovich[1]
Host broadcasterIsraeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC)
Opening act
Interval act
Participants
Number of entries41
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countries Bulgaria
 Ukraine
Vote
Voting systemEach country awards two sets of 12, 10, 8–1 points to their 10 favourite songs: one from their professional jury and the other from televoting.
Nul pointsNone
Winning song Netherlands
"Arcade"

Forty-one countries took part in the contest; Bulgaria and Ukraine were absent. Bulgaria withdrew because members of its delegation were moved to other projects. Ukraine had originally planned to participate in the contest but withdrew because of the controversy surrounding their national final.

The winner was the Netherlands with the song "Arcade", performed by Duncan Laurence who also wrote it with Joel Sjöö, Wouter Hardy and Will Knox. This was the Netherlands' fifth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1957, 1959, 1969 and 1975. In a similar way to 2016, the overall winner won neither the jury vote, which was won by North Macedonia, nor the televote, which was won by Norway, with the Netherlands placing third and second respectively. Italy, Russia, Switzerland and Sweden rounded out the top five. Further down the table, North Macedonia and San Marino achieved their best results to date, finishing seventh and nineteenth, respectively. This was North Macedonia's first Top 10 finish since joining the competition in 1998. Israel finished in 23rd place in the final, making it the fourth time since 2015 the host country ranked in the bottom five.

There was an error in the voting at the contest: a wrongful counting of the jury votes by the Belarusian delegation caused the televised results to be amended three days later. The discrepancy was not large enough to change the order of the originally announced top four in the final result, which combines the jury voting and televoting by the public,[3] but this update saw North Macedonia as the new jury winner instead of Sweden as shown on TV; there were also minor changes in lower positions.

The EBU reported the contest had an audience of 182 million viewers in 40 European markets, which saw an increase by two percent in the 15–24 year old age range.[4]

LocationEdit

The 2019 contest took place in Israel for the third time, having been held there in 1979 and 1999, and followed the country's victory at the 2018 edition with the song "Toy", performed by Netta Barzilai.[5]

VenueEdit

 
Pavilion 2 of Expo Tel Aviv

The contest took place at Expo Tel Aviv's 7,300-seat[6] congress and convention centre in "Bitan 2" (Pavilion 2), which was inaugurated in January 2015.[2][7]

Bidding phaseEdit

Locations of the candidate cities: the chosen host city is marked in blue. The shortlisted cities are marked in green, while the eliminated cities are marked in red.

After Israel's victory in Lisbon, Portugal, in the 2018 contest, Netta Barzilai and Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu stated that the 2019 contest would be held in Jerusalem, but this was yet to be confirmed by the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (IPBC/KAN) and the European Broadcasting Union (EBU).[5][8] Israeli finance minister Moshe Kahlon also said in an interview the event would be held solely in Jerusalem and estimated its cost at 120 million Israeli shekels (approximately €29 million).[9] The mayor of Jerusalem, Nir Barkat, mentioned Jerusalem Arena and Teddy Stadium as possible venues to host the event.[10] The municipality of Jerusalem had confirmed that because it lacked the seating capacity, the contest would not be held at the International Convention Centre, which had hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 and 1999.[11]

On 18 June 2018, Prime Minister Netanyahu said that Israel had committed to remaining in compliance with EBU rules regarding the constitution of member broadcasters, so as not to affect its hosting of Eurovision. The IPBC's establishment included a condition that news programming would be delegated later to a second public broadcasting entity. This violates EBU rules requiring member broadcasters to have their own internal news departments.[12][13]

On 19 June 2018, Israel was officially confirmed as the host country,[14] and on 24 June 2018, KAN formally opened the bidding process for cities interested in hosting the 2019 contest.[15] Israeli minister Michael Oren, who is closely connected to Prime Minister Netanyahu, said that Jerusalem did not have the resources to host the contest on 28 July 2018, restating the common talking point that Tel Aviv was the more likely host.[16]

Soon afterwards, reports surfaced of the government not providing the €12 million downpayment requested by KAN to cover hosting expenses and security.[17] Following a tense back-and-forth between KAN and the government, a compromise between the two parties was reached on 29 July 2018 that would see KAN paying the €12 million to the EBU and the Finance Ministry covering expenses should complications arise. The Mayor of Tel Aviv announced the city would be willing to pay for the Convention Center itself, should it be chosen as the host city.[17][18]

In the week of 27 August 2018, executive supervisor/scrutineer Jon Ola Sand led a handful of EBU delegates around Israel to scope out the potential venues in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv and to hear the bid from Eilat. On 30 August 2018, Sand said in an interview with KAN that Eilat was no longer in the running to host, leaving it between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv. He added there was no serious discussion among members of the EBU about boycotting the event.[19]

On 13 September 2018, the EBU announced Tel Aviv as the host city, with Expo Tel Aviv as the chosen venue for the 2019 contest.[2]

Key:  †  Host venue  ‡  Shortlisted venues

City[20] Venue Notes
Eilat[21] Hangars on the port Proposal intended to connect two hangars to a hall, in order to meet the EBU's capacity and venue requirements.
Haifa Sammy Ofer Stadium Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Jerusalem Pais Arena Indoor arena similar to the venues of recent contests. It was Jerusalem's preferred venue, in case they were chosen to be the host city.
Teddy Stadium Candidacy had been dependent on the construction of a roof.
Tel Aviv Expo Tel Aviv, Pavilion 2 The IPBC expected Pavilion 2 to have room for up to 9,000 attendees, while an additional 1,500 fans will be able to gather in the greenroom.[22]

Other sitesEdit

Location of host venue (red) and other contest-related sites and events (blue)

The Eurovision Village was the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors' area during the events week. There it was possible to watch performances by local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue. Located at the Charles Clore Park in Tel Aviv, it was open from 12 to 18 May 2019.[23][24]

The EuroClub was the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub was restricted to accredited fans, delegates, and press. It was located at Hangar 11 in Tel Aviv Port.[24]

The "Orange Carpet" event, where the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place at Habima Square in central Tel Aviv on 12 May 2019 at 19:00 IDT, followed by the Opening Ceremony at the Charles Bronfman Auditorium.[24][25]

FormatEdit

Visual designEdit

The contest's slogan, "Dare to Dream", was unveiled on 28 October 2018.[26] The official logo and branding was unveiled on 8 January 2019; designed by Awesome Tel Aviv and Studio Adam Feinberg, it consists of layered triangles designed to resemble a star, reflecting "the stars of the future" coming to Tel Aviv.[27]

PresentersEdit

 
Presenters from left to right: Assi Azar, Bar Refaeli, Lucy Ayoub, and Erez Tal, Tel Aviv, 16 May 2019.

On 25 January 2019, KAN announced that four presenters would host the three shows: TV hosts Erez Tal (who was also one of the Israeli commentators for the Eurovision Song Contest 2018 grand final) and Assi Azar who work for the Israeli Channel 12, supermodel Bar Refaeli, and KAN host Lucy Ayoub, who was also the Israeli spokesperson at the 2018 contest.[28] Tal and Refaeli were the main hosts, while Azar and Ayoub hosted the green room.[29]

Semi-final allocation drawEdit

The draw to determine the participating countries' semi-finals took place on 28 January 2019 at 17:00 CET, at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art.[30] The thirty-six semi-finalists had been allocated into six pots, based on historical voting patterns as calculated by the contest's official televoting partner Digame. Drawing from different pots helped to reduce the chance of so-called neighbourly voting and increases suspense in the semi-finals. The draw also determined the semi-final the six automatic finalist countries (host country Israel and the Big Five countries France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) would broadcast and vote in. The ceremony was hosted by contest presenters Assi Azar and Lucy Ayoub and included the passing of a Eurovision insignia from Lisbon (host city of the previous contest) to Tel Aviv.[31]

Pot 1 Pot 2 Pot 3 Pot 4 Pot 5 Pot 6

VotingEdit

On 30 March 2019 the EBU announced the presentation of the televoting result during the grand final would change for the first time since the current vote presentation system was introduced in 2016.[32] The jury results' presentation remained the same with a live spokesperson in each participating country revealing the top song from their national jury that earned 12 points.[33] In a change from previous years the televoting result was revealed in the order of jury ranking, from the lowest to the highest.[34]

Opening and interval actsEdit

On 8 April 2019, it was confirmed that Madonna would perform two songs during the final.[35] The EBU later revealed they would be "Future" featuring Quavo and "Like a Prayer" and a yet-to-be released song, "Dark Ballet".[36][37] On 15 April 2019, the EBU released further information about the opening and interval acts. The first semi-final would be opened by Netta Barzilai, performing a new version of her winning song "Toy". The first semi-final would also feature Dana International with "Just the Way You Are".[38] The second semi-final included Shalva Band with the song "A Million Dreams" and mentalist Lior Suchard. The Grand Final included performances from six former Eurovision participants. In the "Switch Song" interval act, Conchita Wurst performed "Heroes", Måns Zelmerlöw performed "Fuego", Eleni Foureira performed "Dancing Lasha Tumbai", Verka Serduchka performed "Toy", and Gali Atari, together with the four above-mentioned artists, performed her winning song "Hallelujah". Netta Barzilai later performed her new single "Nana Banana". The opening of the show featured Netta Barzilai, Dana International with "Diva" and "Tel Aviv", Nadav Guedj with "Golden Boy" and Ilanit with "Ey Sham". Idan Raichel performed the song "Bo’ee – Come to Me" together with The Idan Raichel Project, while actress Gal Gadot also appeared in a video skit about Tel Aviv.[24][39][40][41]

Participating countriesEdit

 
  Participating countries in the first semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the first semi-final
  Participating countries in the second semi-final
  Pre-qualified for the final but also voting in the second semi-final

The EBU initially announced on 7 November 2018 that forty-two countries would participate in the contest, with Bulgaria withdrawing for financial reasons.[42][43]

Ukraine announced its withdrawal from the contest on 27 February 2019 reducing the number of participating countries to 41.[44]

On 6 March 2019, the EBU confirmed North Macedonia would take part for the first time under its new name, instead of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia which had been used since the country first participated in 1998.[45]

Returning artistsEdit

The contest featured five representatives who had performed previously as lead vocalists for the same countries. Two of these returning artists participated in 2016Sergey Lazarev represented Russia with the song "You Are the Only One", winning the first semi-final and placing third in the final, while Serhat represented San Marino with the song "I Didn't Know", which placed 12th in the first semi-final.[46][47] Joci Pápai represented Hungary in 2017 with the song "Origo", placing eighth in the final.[48] Tamara Todevska represented Macedonia (now named North Macedonia) in 2008, alongside Vrčak and Adrian, with the song "Let Me Love You", placing tenth in the second semi-final. She was also a backing vocalist in 2004 and 2014 for Toše Proeski and Tijana Dapčević, respectively.[49] Nevena Božović represented Serbia in 2013 as part of Moje 3, with the song "Ljubav je svuda", which placed eleventh in the first semi-final. She also represented the country in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2007 with the song "Piši mi", which placed third.

In addition, the contest featured a former backing vocalist returning to represent his country for the first time—Jurij Veklenko provided backup vocals for Lithuania's representatives in 2013 and 2015—and previous representatives coming back to provide supporting vocals for their own or another country. Mikheil Javakhishvili, Georgia's representative in 2018 as part of Ethno-Jazz Band Iriao, returned as a backing vocalist for Oto Nemsadze.[50] Mikel Hennet, who represented Spain in 2007 as part of D'Nash, returned as a backup singer for Miki.[51] Stig Rästa, Estonia's representative in 2015 alongside Elina Born, returned as a backing vocalist for Victor Crone.[52] Mladen Lukić, who represented Serbia in 2018 as part of Balkanika, returned as a backing singer for Nevena Božović.[53] Sahlene, who represented Estonia in 2002, returned as a backing vocalist for the United Kingdom. She also provided backing vocals in 1999 for her native country, Sweden, for Malta in 2000 and in 2016 for Australia.[54]Jacques Houdek, who represented Croatia in 2017, returned as a backing vocalist for Roko.[55] Émilie Satt, who represented France in 2018 as part of Madame Monsieur, returned as a backing singer for Bilal Hassani.[56]Destiny Chukunyere, who won the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2015 for Malta, provided backing vocals for Michela.[57]

Semi-final 1Edit

The first semi-final took place on 14 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[58] Seventeen countries participated in the first semi-final. Those countries plus France, Israel and Spain voted in this semi-final.[59] Ukraine was originally allocated to participate in the second half of the semi-final, but withdrew from the contest due to controversy over its national selection.[44] The highlighted countries qualified for the final.

Draw[60] Country[60] Artist[60] Song[60] Language(s) Place Points
01   Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 9 149
02   Montenegro D mol "Heaven" English 16 46
03   Finland Darude feat. Sebastian Rejman "Look Away" English 17 23
04   Poland Tulia "Fire of Love (Pali się)" Polish, English 11 120
05   Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 6 167
06   Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 2 242
07   Hungary Joci Pápai "Az én apám" Hungarian 12 97
08   Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 10 122
09   Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[c] 7 156
10   Belgium Eliot "Wake Up" English 13 70
11   Georgia Oto Nemsadze "Keep on Going" Georgian[d] 14 62
12   Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 1 261
13   Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 3 221
14   Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 4 198
15   Portugal Conan Osiris "Telemóveis" Portuguese 15 51
16   Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 5 185
17   San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[e] 8 150

Semi-final 2Edit

The second semi-final took place on 16 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[58] Eighteen countries participated in the second semi-final. Those countries plus Germany, Italy, and the United Kingdom voted in this semi-final. Switzerland was pre-drawn into this semi-final due to scheduling issues.[59] The highlighted countries qualified for the final.

Draw[61] Country[61] Artist[61] Song[61] Language(s) Place Points
01   Armenia Srbuk "Walking Out" English 16 49
02   Ireland Sarah McTernan "22" English 18 16
03   Moldova Anna Odobescu "Stay" English 12 85
04    Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 232
05   Latvia Carousel "That Night" English 15 50
06   Romania Ester Peony "On a Sunday" English 13 71
07   Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[f] 10 94
08   Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 3 238
09   Austria PÆNDA "Limits" English 17 21
10   Croatia Roko "The Dream" English, Croatian 14 64
11   Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 8 157
12   Lithuania Jurij Veklenko "Run with the Lions" English 11 93
13   Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 6 217
14   Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 9 96
15   Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[g] 7 210
16   Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 280
17   North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 2 239
18   Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 5 224

FinalEdit

The final took place on 18 May 2019 at 22:00 IDT (21:00 CEST).[58] Twenty-six countries participated in the final, with all 41 participating countries eligible to vote.

Draw[62] Country[62] Artist[62] Song[62] Language(s) Place[63] Points
01   Malta Michela "Chameleon" English 14 107
02   Albania Jonida Maliqi "Ktheju tokës" Albanian 17 90
03   Czech Republic Lake Malawi "Friend of a Friend" English 11 157
04   Germany S!sters "Sister" English 25 24
05   Russia Sergey Lazarev "Scream" English 3 370
06   Denmark Leonora "Love Is Forever" English, French[f] 12 120
07   San Marino Serhat "Say Na Na Na" English[e] 19 77
08   North Macedonia Tamara Todevska "Proud" English 7 305
09   Sweden John Lundvik "Too Late for Love" English 5 334
10   Slovenia Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl "Sebi" Slovene 15 105
11   Cyprus Tamta "Replay" English 13 109
12   Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" English 1 498
13   Greece Katerine Duska "Better Love" English 21 74
14   Israel Kobi Marimi "Home" English 23 35
15   Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" English[g] 6 331
16   United Kingdom Michael Rice "Bigger than Us" English 26 11
17   Iceland Hatari "Hatrið mun sigra" Icelandic 10 232
18   Estonia Victor Crone "Storm" English 20 76
19   Belarus ZENA "Like It" English 24 31
20   Azerbaijan Chingiz "Truth" English 8 302
21   France Bilal Hassani "Roi" French, English 16 105
22   Italy Mahmood "Soldi" Italian[h] 2 472
23   Serbia Nevena Božović "Kruna" (Круна) Serbian[c] 18 89
24    Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" English 4 364
25   Australia Kate Miller-Heidke "Zero Gravity" English 9 284
26   Spain Miki "La venda" Spanish 22 54

ScoreboardEdit

Belarusian jury dismissal and incorrect aggregated voteEdit

The Belarusian jury was dismissed following the revelation of their votes in the first Semi-Final, which is contrary to the rules of the Eurovision Song Contest. To comply with the contest's voting regulations, the EBU worked with its voting partner, Digame, to create a substitute aggregated result (calculated based on the results of other countries with similar voting records), which was approved by voting monitor Ernst & Young, to determine the Belarusian jury votes for the Grand Final. In these results, Israel, which did not receive points from any other jury during the Grand Final, received 12 points from Belarus.

However, Twitter user @euro_bruno noted on May 19 that it appeared an incorrect substitute Belarusian result was announced during the broadcast of the Grand Final four days earlier.[64] The mistake was confirmed in a statement issued by the EBU three days later, on 22 May 2019. According to the statement, the EBU "discovered that due to a human error an incorrect aggregated result was used. This had no impact on the calculation of points derived from televoting across the 41 participating countries and the overall winner and Top 4 songs of the Contest remain unchanged. To respect both the artists and EBU Members which took part, [they wished] to correct the final results in accordance with the rules."[65]

The error, a reversal of the Belarusian aggregated votes, led to the bottom ten countries receiving points instead of the top ten. Malta, which had been incorrectly ranked last, would receive Belarus' 12 jury points, and Israel would end up with no jury points. The corrected point totals also changed some rankings: Sweden finished fifth overall instead of Norway, and North Macedonia won the jury vote instead of Sweden.[66][67]

The mistake made by the EBU and their voting partner was widely panned by the press. Dutch newspaper Algemeen Dagblad said the EBU had to present the new vote totals "blushing with shame", calling the situation "chaos".[68] British newspaper Metro thought the EBU had "screwed up", while the Daily Mirror named the accidental reversal of the aggregated vote total a "scandalous blunder".[69][70]

The corrected results have been used in all following scoreboards (where applicable).

Semi-final 1Edit

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[71]
Total score
Televoting score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants
Cyprus 149 54 8 4 7 10 4 8 3 5 1 8 1 12 8 6 4 6
Montenegro 46 15 4 12 5 10
Finland 23 14 1 2 4 2
Poland 120 60 10 3 7 8 6 3 8 7 3 5
Slovenia 167 93 5 1 5 8 12 3 7 7 4 5 8 1 4 4
Czech Republic 242 85 1 3 8 7 12 10 7 10 8 12 12 10 12 12 8 3 8 6 8
Hungary 97 32 6 1 6 2 4 2 6 2 1 6 5 7 10 7
Belarus 122 44 8 8 12 4 4 3 3 10 6 7 1 4 1 7
Serbia 156 65 6 7 3 10 5 6 7 5 6 3 6 6 4 6 5 3 3
Belgium 70 20 10 2 3 6 3 2 4 10 2 3 5
Georgia 62 33 7 2 1 2 10 5 2
Australia 261 140 5 12 12 5 8 5 12 4 12 1 2 10 6 7 8 12
Iceland 221 151 8 4 4 5 4 1 1 10 10 2 2 7 12
Estonia 198 133 6 1 6 12 1 7 8 7 5 1 10 1
Portugal 51 43 3 2 2 1
Greece 185 54 12 12 7 10 5 4 5 2 6 10 7 8 4 12 5 12 10
San Marino 150 124 2 10 3 1 2 3 3 2
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[71]
Total score
Jury score
Cyprus
Montenegro
Finland
Poland
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Hungary
Belarus
Serbia
Belgium
Georgia
Australia
Iceland
Estonia
Portugal
Greece
San Marino
France
Israel
Spain
Contestants
Cyprus 149 95 4 1 3 1 10 3 1 12 10 8 1
Montenegro 46 31 7 8
Finland 23 9 2 12
Poland 120 60 6 1 7 6 5 5 5 8 2 5 8 2
Slovenia 167 74 8 7 8 5 7 8 10 3 5 5 7 7 5 3 2 3
Czech Republic 242 157 2 3 5 5 5 4 3 1 6 1 10 12 8 4 1 4 6 5
Hungary 97 65 2 3 6 2 12 1 3 3
Belarus 122 78 6 5 2 2 3 4 7 2 6 1 2 4
Serbia 156 91 5 12 1 4 12 4 2 4 3 3 6 2 6 1
Belgium 70 50 3 1 1 4 2 5 4
Georgia 62 29 10 1 10 1 4 7
Australia 261 121 4 7 8 10 4 10 5 10 7 10 10 5 10 8 6 7 12 7
Iceland 221 70 1 6 12 12 10 6 10 12 6 7 6 12 6 8 7 7 10 3 10
Estonia 198 65 7 2 10 7 8 8 8 6 3 12 8 7 7 12 3 8 1 10 6
Portugal 51 8 3 2 8 2 4 12 12
Greece 185 131 12 1 1 2 4 4 8 5 12 3 2
San Marino 150 26 8 10 4 6 3 12 12 7 5 2 12 6 4 10 6 4 5 8

12 pointsEdit

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

JuryEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
5   Australia   Belgium
  Finland
  Iceland
  Poland
  Spain
  Czech Republic   Australia
  Estonia
  Georgia
  Portugal
  Slovenia
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4   Greece   Cyprus
  Israel
  Montenegro
  San Marino
1   Belarus   Hungary
  Cyprus   Greece
  Estonia   Belarus
  Iceland   France
  Montenegro   Serbia
  Slovenia   Czech Republic
TelevotingEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the first semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4   Iceland   Australia
  Belarus
  Finland
  Poland
3   San Marino   Czech Republic
  Georgia
  Hungary
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
2   Estonia   Belgium
  Portugal
  Greece   Cyprus
  San Marino
  Portugal   France
  Spain
  Serbia   Montenegro
  Slovenia
N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
1   Australia   Israel
  Cyprus   Greece
  Czech Republic   Iceland
  Finland   Estonia
  Hungary   Serbia

Semi-final 2Edit

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[72]
Total score
Televoting score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 23 2 4 2 1 1 6 6 2 2
Ireland 16 3 5 8
Moldova 85 27 5 5 12 6 2 5 5 3 2 6 3 4
Switzerland 232 137 6 10 3 4 12 7 10 5 2 5 8 8 5 2 8
Latvia 50 13 3 7 6 7 1 3 5 5
Romania 71 24 2 12 1 12 1 8 4 2 5
Denmark 94 41 3 1 2 7 2 4 3 5 3 5 12 6
Sweden 238 88 12 12 10 12 4 12 12 4 10 10 7 12 12 4 7 10
Austria 21 0 1 1 2 8 6 1 1 1
Croatia 64 38 1 5 5 2 5 8
Malta 157 50 10 4 7 4 4 5 4 2 6 3 8 6 4 10 7 6 6 10 1
Lithuania 93 77 3 6 3 3 1
Russia 217 124 7 8 1 3 6 3 7 3 8 4 8 3 7 10 12 3
Albania 96 58 2 2 5 7 12 7 3
Norway 210 170 1 7 3 6 8 5 3 4 1 2
Netherlands 280 140 4 8 12 8 8 7 10 10 8 12 12 1 4 10 6 4 10 4 2
North Macedonia 239 84 8 6 10 8 5 10 10 8 12 2 2 10 12 7 4 10 12 7 12
Azerbaijan 224 121 5 6 10 7 1 1 6 7 7 8 4 10 6 1 8 3 6 7
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[72]
Total score
Jury score
Armenia
Ireland
Moldova
Switzerland
Latvia
Romania
Denmark
Sweden
Austria
Croatia
Malta
Lithuania
Russia
Albania
Norway
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Azerbaijan
Germany
Italy
United Kingdom
Contestants
Armenia 49 26 2 10 5 6
Ireland 16 13 3
Moldova 85 58 3 12 2 5 5
Switzerland 232 95 8 6 6 3 7 6 4 12 8 12 4 4 6 7 8 2 10 12 6 6
Latvia 50 37 1 12
Romania 71 47 1 12 10 1
Denmark 94 53 1 2 2 5 10 2 1 2 3 1 8 4
Sweden 238 150 4 5 8 4 1 10 1 4 7 5 2 4 10 10 1 3 5 4
Austria 21 21
Croatia 64 26 2 5 1 1 8 1 3 3 10 1 3
Malta 157 107 7 4 3 2 2 5 2 1 3 1 4 6 2 8
Lithuania 93 16 12 5 1 10 4 7 3 1 5 12 2 2 1 12
Russia 217 93 12 7 10 3 12 8 3 3 4 3 5 10 2 4 3 7 12 7 7 2
Albania 96 38 12 3 2 3 6 2 12 4 2 12
Norway 210 40 5 10 4 10 8 5 12 12 10 10 8 8 8 12 12 3 5 10 8 10
Netherlands 280 140 10 8 7 6 7 6 8 5 6 7 10 6 7 10 5 8 8 8 3 5
North Macedonia 239 155 6 7 4 1 6 5 12 6 2 6 8 1 6 7 6 1
Azerbaijan 224 103 3 8 4 6 10 7 8 7 5 4 7 12 7 6 7 5 4 4 7

12 pointsEdit

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

JuryEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
7 Sweden Armenia, Austria, Denmark, Ireland, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway
4 North Macedonia Albania, Croatia, Germany, United Kingdom
3 Netherlands Lithuania, Malta, Switzerland
2 Romania Moldova, Russia
1 Albania North Macedonia
Denmark Italy
Moldova Romania
Russia Azerbaijan
Switzerland Sweden
TelevotingEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the second semi-final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
4 Norway Albania, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden
3 Albania Italy, North Macedonia, Switzerland
Lithuania Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
Russia Armenia, Azerbaijan, Latvia
Switzerland Austria, Germany, Malta
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Latvia Lithuania
Moldova Romania
North Macedonia Croatia
Romania Moldova

FinalEdit

Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Jury vote)[73]
Total score
Televoting score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 20 10 5 8 6 4 8 1 12 4 3 6 3 2 5 1 3 1 1 4
Albania 90 47 7 2 8 7 8 1 2 2 3 3
Czech Republic 157 7 10 4 1 8 12 6 3 1 4 12 8 3 8 5 5 1 7 7 4 6 12 3 3 4 12 1
Germany 24 0 2 3 5 8 6
Russia 370 244 12 10 6 10 5 10 6 2 4 1 5 3 1 5 6 10 4 3 2 1 10 4 3 3
Denmark 120 51 7 3 2 5 4 3 12 6 4 1 1 2 7 7 1 4
San Marino 77 65 1 5 6
North Macedonia 305 58 5 8 3 1 3 7 8 10 12 12 10 12 10 12 5 10 10 7 7 4 7 10 12 8 1 8 7 10 7 7 12 2
Sweden 334 93 2 5 12 12 8 12 6 10 2 6 4 2 12 2 12 1 7 12 2 5 8 8 12 2 10 12 12 10 12 8 7 6
Slovenia 105 59 3 4 10 1 4 4 4 10 6
Cyprus 109 32 3 6 1 5 1 5 1 5 7 8 8 2 7 6 12
Netherlands 498 261 12 7 7 3 7 7 8 8 6 1 3 8 6 6 5 5 6 8 6 12 6 12 7 8 12 6 7 12 8 10 6 12
Greece 74 24 6 4 8 4 3 12 10 3
Israel 35 35
Norway 331 291 4 1 1 7 6 5 4 5 7
United Kingdom 11 3 2 2 2 1 1
Iceland 232 186 2 6 3 8 2 10 6 4 5
Estonia 76 48 5 1 6 5 1 2 8
Belarus 31 13 1 1 8 1 7
Azerbaijan 302 100 8 8 4 4 5 2 5 7 4 7 7 8 5 6 7 5 10 6 2 12 5 10 3 4 10 8 6 5 4 6 2 10 7
France 105 38 3 6 5 2 3 3 4 10 4 8 3 1 1 5 2 2 3 2
Italy 472 253 6 5 12 12 12 6 2 3 4 7 5 7 1 7 8 8 12 12 8 12 3 10 3 7 2 8 1 8 5 5 8 10
Serbia 89 54 12 4 7 2 3 1 4 2
Switzerland 364 212 1 3 2 10 10 6 3 10 5 10 3 10 4 7 4 1 6 7 10 8 5 5 3 6 2 3 5 3
Australia 284 131 7 2 10 2 4 12 10 8 6 2 10 4 12 10 4 6 2 7 10 2 4 10 4 5
Spain 54 53 1
Voting procedure used:
  100% Televoting
  100% Jury vote
Voting results (Televoting vote)[73]
Total score
Jury score
Portugal
Azerbaijan
Malta
North Macedonia
San Marino
Netherlands
Montenegro
Estonia
Poland
Norway
Spain
Austria
United Kingdom
Italy
Albania
Hungary
Moldova
Ireland
Belarus
Armenia
Romania
Cyprus
Australia
Russia
Germany
Belgium
Sweden
Croatia
Lithuania
Serbia
Iceland
Georgia
Greece
Latvia
Czech Republic
Denmark
France
Finland
Switzerland
Slovenia
Israel
Contestants
Malta 107 87 4 6 6 4
Albania 90 43 12 7 12 1 5 10
Czech Republic 157 150 1 2 2 2
Germany 24 24
Russia 370 126 10 12 4 12 10 12 3 1 2 5 8 12 7 12 5 12 12 7 10 8 1 12 8 8 8 12 12 3 4 12
Denmark 120 69 1 5 6 5 6 4 4 7 4 4 1 3 1
San Marino 77 12 10 8 8 10 6 8 1 2 1 1 10
North Macedonia 305 247 3 5 1 6 6 2 7 12 2 2 12
Sweden 334 241 6 8 3 12 6 5 2 2 8 1 2 3 8 6 10 7 4
Slovenia 105 46 2 4 7 4 2 3 5 6 3 10 10 2 1
Cyprus 109 77 7 1 12 12
Netherlands 498 237 8 7 10 7 6 1 8 10 8 8 7 4 5 7 8 6 8 10 10 12 6 6 5 7 12 6 4 7 3 5 5 6 5 4 7 5 5 6 5 2
Greece 74 50 10 2 12
Israel 35 0 1 7 3 5 4 3 12
Norway 331 40 6 1 7 5 3 12 10 8 7 8 12 10 5 10 3 12 8 5 4 1 12 10 12 7 12 5 8 4 12 8 10 12 8 10 8 6 10
United Kingdom 11 8 3
Iceland 232 46 3 1 2 7 2 5 12 10 3 6 8 7 12 1 6 7 3 5 10 7 2 3 8 3 6 5 3 2 7 6 4 1 12 7
Estonia 76 28 2 1 10 4 3 10 1 8 8 1
Belarus 31 18 5 8
Azerbaijan 302 202 2 1 4 4 3 1 2 3 1 1 3 1 3 2 10 6 6 1 12 3 5 7 4 7 5 3
France 105 67 2 4 2 1 4 1 3 3 10 1 3 4
Italy 472 219 7 6 12 3 8 10 5 7 7 12 10 8 4 5 4 3 7 8 8 5 1 6 8 4 12 10 7 6 1 10 3 2 3 10 3 12 8 8
Serbia 89 35 10 12 4 3 8 7 10
Switzerland 364 152 5 8 8 4 5 6 4 5 6 10 12 7 3 4 5 4 7 4 8 10 7 7 2 10 5 1 6 2 6 7 7 1 5 6 2 2 4 7
Australia 284 153 4 3 2 2 6 4 5 3 10 6 1 10 2 1 2 2 4 5 4 5 1 10 3 6 8 2 6 6 2 6
Spain 54 1 12 2 3 2 4 6 2 4 1 7 5 5

12 pointsEdit

Countries in bold gave the maximum 24 points (12 points apiece from professional jury and televoting) to the specified entrant.

JuryEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's professional jury in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
10 Sweden Armenia, Australia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Spain
6 Netherlands France, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Portugal, Sweden
North Macedonia Albania, Austria, Moldova, Serbia, Switzerland, United Kingdom
Italy Belgium, Croatia, Germany, Malta, North Macedonia, San Marino
4 Czech Republic Georgia, Hungary, Norway, Slovenia
2 Australia Poland, Romania
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Cyprus Greece
Denmark Italy
Greece Cyprus
Malta Belarus
Russia Azerbaijan
Serbia Montenegro
TelevotingEdit

Below is a summary of the maximum 12 points awarded by each country's televote in the final:

N. Contestant Nation(s) giving 12 points
11 Russia Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, San Marino
8 Norway Australia, Denmark, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom
4 Italy Croatia, Malta, Spain, Switzerland
3 Iceland Finland, Hungary, Poland
2 Albania Italy, North Macedonia
Cyprus Greece, Georgia
Netherlands Belgium, Romania
North Macedonia Serbia, Slovenia
1 Azerbaijan Russia
Greece Cyprus
Israel France
Serbia Montenegro
Spain Portugal
Sweden Norway
Switzerland Austria

Other countriesEdit

Eligibility for potential participation in the Eurovision Song Contest requires a national broadcaster with active EBU membership that will be able to broadcast the contest via the Eurovision network. The EBU issued an invitation to participate in the contest to all fifty-six of its active members. The Israeli Minister of Communications Ayoob Kara also invited countries from the Middle Eastern and North African region. With some Israel largely had tense relationships and others no diplomatic relations at all. Kara pointed out Tunisia and the Gulf states Saudi Arabia as well as Dubai and Abu Dhabi as part of the United Arab Emirates were invoted.[74][75][76] Tunisia is eligible to participate but has not due to rules banning the promotion of Israeli content, while the Gulf states do not have national broadcasters with EBU membership.

Active EBU membersEdit

  •   Andorra – Despite being absent for 10 years, local media reported that Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra (RTVA) was still interested in returning to the contest, but the principality's failure to make the final along with the cost was discouraging the broadcaster from participating. For a return to take place, RTVA would need funding from the Andorran Government.[77] On 19 May 2018, Andorra confirmed they would not return in 2019.[78]
  •   Bosnia and Herzegovina – On 25 May 2018, the Bosnian broadcaster, Radio and Television of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BHRT), stated the country would not be allowed to return to the contest in 2019 until debt-related sanctions placed on them by the EBU are lifted. Bosnia and Herzegovina last took part in 2016.[79]
  •   Bulgaria – Despite confirming their preliminary participation in the 2019 contest, Bulgarian National Television (BNT) announced on 13 October 2018 that many members of the delegation were moving onto other projects,[80] and on 15 October 2018, BNT announced that they were withdrawing from the 2019 contest because of financial difficulties.[43]
  •   Luxembourg – On 21 July 2018, the Luxembourgish broadcaster RTL Télé Lëtzebuerg (RTL) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Luxembourg last took part in 1993.[81]
  •   Monaco – On 17 August 2018, the Monégasque broadcaster Télé Monte Carlo (TMC) announced they would not return to the contest in 2019. Monaco last took part in 2006.[82]
  •   Slovakia – On 31 May 2018, the Slovak broadcaster Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska (RTVS) announced the country would not return to the contest in 2019 due to financial difficulties. Slovakia last took part in 2012.[83]
  •   Turkey – Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım said in an interview that Turkey had no plans to return to the contest.[84] On 4 August 2018 İbrahim Eren, general manager of Türkiye Radyo Televizyon Kurumu (TRT), said that at the moment the broadcaster was not considering returning to the contest for various reasons, including Conchita Wurst's victory for Austria in 2014. Turkey last took part in 2012.[85][86]
  •   Ukraine – On 27 February 2019 UA:PBC announced the withdrawal of the country from the contest, because of the controversy surrounding their national selection.[44] But the channel still aired the show.[87]

Associate EBU membersEdit

  •   Kazakhstan – On 22 December 2017, the Ministry of Culture and Sport claimed that Channel 31 had finalised negotiations with the EBU, allowing Kazakhstan to debut in 2019;[88] however, on 23 December 2017, the EBU told Esctoday that "Channel 31 Kazakhstan has indeed expressed interest in becoming a member of the EBU and hence participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. However, since Channel 31 is outside the European Broadcasting Area and is also not a member of the Council of Europe, it is not eligible to become an active member of the EBU."[89][90] On 25 July 2018, it was announced that Kazakhstan will participate in the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2018, thus making a debut in 2019 possible.[91] On 30 July 2018, the EBU stated that the decision to invite Kazakhstan was made solely by the Junior Eurovision reference group, and there were no current plans to invite associate members other than Australia.[92] On 22 November 2018, Jon Ola Sand said in a press conference that "we need to discuss if we can invite our associate member Kazakhstan to take part in adult ESC in the future, but this is part of a broader discussion in the EBU and I hope we can get back to you on this issue later."[93] However, he later clarified that Kazakhstan would not have an entry in the 2019 edition.[94]

Non-EBU membersEdit

  •   Kosovo – In June 2018, RTK general director Mentor Shala said that they were pushing for full membership to still be able to take part in the 2019 contest.[95] However, in December 2018, RTK's membership vote was delayed until June 2019.[96]
  •   Liechtenstein – On 4 November 2017, 1 Fürstentum Liechtenstein Television (1 FL TV), the national broadcaster of the Principality of Liechtenstein, confirmed that the country were planning a debut in the 2019 contest, and that they were applying for EBU membership and are "in [the] process of complying all requirements".[97] They also reiterated their intention to select the participant through a national selection process in the form of Liechtenstein Music Contest "open to any form of music".[98] However, on 20 July 2018, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) stated that 1 FL TV had not applied for EBU membership.[99] On 26 July 2018, 1 FL TV confirmed that Liechtenstein would not debut at the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 due to the sudden death of the broadcaster's director, Peter Kölbel.[100]

Commentators and spokespersonsEdit

SpokespersonsEdit

The spokespersons announced the 12-point score from their respective country's national jury in the following order:[101][102]

  1.   Portugal – Inês Lopes Gonçalves
  2.   Azerbaijan – Faig Agayev
  3.   Malta – Ben Camille (Co-host of the Junior Eurovision Song Contest 2016)
  4.   North Macedonia – Nikola Trajkovski
  5.   San Marino – Monica Fabbri
  6.   NetherlandsEmma Wortelboer
  7.   Montenegro – Ajda Šufta
  8.   EstoniaKelly Sildaru
  9.   Poland – Mateusz Szymkowiak
  10.   NorwayAlexander Rybak (Norwegian representative in 2018; winner of the 2009 contest)
  11.   SpainNieves Álvarez
  12.   AustriaPhilipp Hansa
  13.   United KingdomRylan Clark-Neal
  14.   Italy – Ema Stokholma
  15.   AlbaniaAndri Xhahu
  16.   Hungary – Bence Forró
  17.   Moldova – Doina Stimpovschi
  18.   Ireland – Sinéad Kennedy
  19.   Belarus – Maria Vasilevich
  20.   ArmeniaAram MP3 (Armenian representative in 2014)
  21.   RomaniaIlinca (Romanian representative in 2017)
  22.   CyprusHovig (Cypriot representative in 2017)
  23.   AustraliaElectric Fields
  24.   RussiaIvan Bessonov (Winner of Eurovision Young Musicians 2018)
  25.   GermanyBarbara Schöneberger
  26.   Belgium – David Jeanmotte
  27.   SwedenEric Saade (Swedish representative in 2011)
  28.   Croatia – Monika Lelas Halambek
  29.   LithuaniaGiedrius Masalkis
  30.   Serbia – Dragana Kosjerina
  31.   IcelandJóhannes Haukur Jóhannesson
  32.   Georgia – Gaga Abashidze (Georgian representative in 2018 as part of Iriao)
  33.   GreeceGus G
  34.   LatviaLaura Rizzotto (Latvian representative in 2018)
  35.   Czech RepublicRadka Rosická
  36.   DenmarkRasmussen (Danish representative in 2018)
  37.   France – Julia Molkhou
  38.   Finland – Christoffer Strandberg
  39.    SwitzerlandSinplus (Swiss representatives in 2012)
  40.   SloveniaLea Sirk (Slovene representative in 2018)
  41.   IsraelIzhar Cohen (Israeli representative in 1985; winner of the 1978 contest)

CommentatorsEdit

Most countries sent commentators to Tel Aviv or commentated from their own country, in order to add insight to the participants and, if necessary, the provision of voting information.

Non-participating countriesEdit

AccessibilityEdit

Tomer Levy, a graduate of the Edmond de Rothschild Leadership Program and a student at the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, reached an agreement with the Israeli Public Broadcasting Corporation (Kan) to create three livestreams to complement its coverage of the Eurovision Song Contest on Kan 11 to ensure the Contest would be accessible to as many viewers as possible.[177] The three dedicated livestreams were made available on Kan's YouTube channel and its own website during the live broadcasts of each semi-final and the grand final. They were offered to those who were deaf and hard-of-hearing, had cognitive disabilities or vision loss.[178]

Sign language interpretationEdit

The livestream featuring sign language interpretation for viewers was provided by Sign Now, whose leader is Levi.[178][179] This made the broadcasts accessible for the deaf and hard of hearing people in Israel with an interpretation into the Israeli Sign Language.[180] In addition, the contest was broadcast on the Kan Educational channel with Hebrew subtitles of the names of the songs and of the interval sections. The songs themselves were not subtitled due to EBU policy. They were fully interpreted to the Israeli sign language in a real size by hearing interpreters Lee Dan, Shirit Cohen-koka and deaf interpreters Maor Ben Zeev, Ella Okhotin and Shiri Ofir from the "Sign Now" team.[181][182]

Plain languageEdit

 
Simultaneous Simplification at the Eurovision Song Contest, 2019.

The second livestream was designed for viewers with cognitive disabilities. Kan worked with a team from The Israeli Institute on Cognitive Accessibility,[183] which was a partnership between Agudat Ami and Ono Academic College.[178] This livestream involved translating what was said in real time in plain language. In an interview with Shira Yalon-Chamovitz, director of the Institute, she explained the process: "We translate in real time into plain language. In this case, for the Eurovision, we’re going to be translating the English spoken into plain and understandable Hebrew."[178]

Vision impairmentsEdit

The livestream for people with vision impairment was created in conjunction with The Central Library for Blind and Reading Impaired People (Israel). The action which occurred during the contest on the stage was described in detail, in Hebrew, for those who were unable to view the show.[178]

IncidentsEdit

Religious requestsEdit

On 14 May 2018, Yaakov Litzman, leader of the ultra-Orthodox party United Torah Judaism and Israel's former Minister of Health, drafted a letter to the Ministers of Tourism, Communications, and Culture and Sports, in which he requested the event not violate religious laws: "In the name of hundreds of thousands of Jewish citizens from all the populations and communities for whom Shabbat (the holy sabbath )observance is close to their hearts, I appeal to you, already at this early stage, before production and all the other details of the event has begun, to be strict [in ensuring] that this matter does not harm the holiness of Shabbat and to work in every way to prevent the desecration of Shabbat, God forbid, as the law and the status quo requires".[184] According to Jewish religious law, Shabbat is observed from just before sunset on Friday evening until Saturday night. The Saturday evening broadcast of the show, which were to start at 22:00 local time, would not conflict with this. However, the Friday evening jury show and Saturday afternoon rehearsals would. Similar protests arose in the lead-up to the 1999 Israeli-held competition, but then there were fewer competing teams allowing for certain adjustments to be made to accommodate the issue. The Chairman of the EBU's Eurovision committee, Dr. Frank-Dieter Freiling, noted that he was well aware of the tension, and had plans to address it in his communications with the Israeli broadcaster.[185] Shalva Band, who performed as the interval act during the second semi-final, withdrew from Israel's national final citing similar concerns on possibly performing during Shabbat in the rehearsals for the final, should they have won.[186]

Calls for boycottEdit

The possibility of Jerusalem being the venue for an Israeli-hosted final led many proponents of the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement to call on their national broadcasters to boycott the competition because of Israel's policies towards Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza.[187] This included members of the Australian Greens party,[188] Sinn Féin,[189] the Irish Alternative,[190] Sweden's Left Party[191] and many entertainers including 1994 contest winner Charlie McGettigan.[192] Icelandic broadcaster RÚV met to discuss a boycott in response to a petition of 23,000 signatures,[193] but ultimately neither RÚV nor any other broadcaster withdrew from the contest in response to boycott calls.

Several national selections were disrupted by BDS supporters calling for a boycott in the lead-up to the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. This included the second-semi final of France's Destination Eurovision, which was invaded by stage intruders who held up signs advocating a boycott;[194] and selection events in Spain,[195] Germany,[196] and Denmark were all targeted by protesters outside the venues calling for a boycott.[196] The EBU later sent a special letter to all participating broadcasters advising precautions they could take to prevent similar disruptions.[197] An opinion piece in Sweden's largest newspaper Aftonbladet, calling for a boycott of the contest and other cultural exchanges with Israel, was signed by 171 Swedish professionals in the cultural sector.[198]

In March 2019, LGBT activist groups Al Qaws and Pinkwatching Israel called for a boycott of the song contest in opposition to Israeli "pinkwashing".[199] In late April 2019, over 100 celebrities including Stephen Fry and Sharon Osbourne signed a joint statement against boycotting Eurovision in Israel.[200]

Late Ukrainian withdrawalEdit

During the final of the Ukrainian national selection on 23 February 2019, it was announced that the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine (UA:PBC) had reserved the right to change the decision made by the jury and the Ukrainian public. Following Maruv's win, it was reported the broadcaster had sent a contract to her management, requiring her to cancel all upcoming appearances and performances in Russia to represent Ukraine. She was also given 48 hours to sign the contract or be replaced.[201]

On 24 February 2019, Maruv revealed the contract sent to her by UA:PBC had also banned her from improvising on stage and communicating with any journalist without the permission of the broadcaster, and required her to fully comply with any requests from the broadcaster. Later, the broadcaster published a statement explaining every entry of the contract.[202] If she failed to follow any of these clauses, she would be fined 2 million (~€65,500). Maruv also said the broadcaster would not give her any financial compensation for the competition and would not pay for her trip to Tel Aviv.[203]

On 25 February 2019, both Maruv and UA:PBC confirmed she would not represent Ukraine in Israel due to disputes over the contract, and that another act would be chosen.[204] National final runner-up Freedom Jazz announced on 26 February 2019 they had also rejected the broadcaster's offer to represent Ukraine as did third-place finisher Kazka the following day.[205][206] The incident garnered media coverage from major international outlets such as: The New York Times, The Washington Post, Billboard, The Telegraph, The Independent, SBS News, The Irish Independent, Le Figaro, Cosmopolitan, and ABC.[207] On 27 February 2019, UA:PBC announced Ukraine had withdrawn from the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest.[44]

Ticket sales controversyEdit

The ticket prices for the year's event sparked criticism, both in Israel and abroad,[208] with The Times of Israel calling them "likely the most expensive ever for Eurovision".[209] Explanations for the high prices included the high cost of living in Israel and the fact that the Israeli government was not subsidising the Eurovision production.[210][211] Although the venue could hold up to 10,000 people, only 7,300 seats were available because of the size of the stage, the technical equipment and the security features. Of those 7,300 seats, 3,000 had been reserved for the EBU, leaving only 4,300 for fans so that demand exceeded supply.[212]

On 3 March 2019, ticket sales were frozen because of irregularities noticed by the Oversight Committee of Israeli broadcaster KAN. Hebrew-language Israeli media reported tickets being illegally resold for more than twice their original price. Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan ordered an investigation into the situation.[213]

On 14 March 2019, tickets sales resumed. According to KAN, 220 improperly-purchased tickets to the Final live show were revoked and were sold again in the second round of ticket sales.[214]

Multiple technical issuesEdit

Cyber attack during semi-final 1Edit

KAN suffered a cyber attack by a group of hackers that affected the broadcaster's accessibility livestreams of the first semi-final.[215] The hackers were able to briefly show anti-Israeli statements on the streams such as "Israel is not safe, you will see" and "Risk of missile attack, please take shelter".[216] The incident was investigated by both the broadcaster and the EBU. KAN released a statement regarding the incident saying: "The problem was fixed quickly, and it seems that during the first semi-finals a site was hacked here for a few minutes, and we believe that the messages were not seen by many people."[217]

Semi-final 1 technical issuesEdit

Multiple broadcasters around Europe reported various issues during the live broadcast of the first semi-final.[218] Viewers reported a loss of commentary from Tel Aviv in the Netherlands and North Macedonia.[218] The Polish public broadcaster, TVP, had to replace their regular commentator Artur Orzech who was based in Tel Aviv with another person who was based in Warsaw because viewers were unable to hear Orzech.[218] Germany and the United Kingdom lost a portion of the show. In the United Kingdom the programme cut out as the recap of the qualifiers of the first semi-final began to play. It was replaced by the message "We are sorry for the break in this programme and are trying to correct the fault,"[219] while in France the broadcaster France Televisions had experienced audio issues during the Portuguese and Belgian performances.[218] Similar technical issues happened during the 2011 contest.

Keiino's final jury performanceEdit

External video
  Camera issues during Keiino's jury show performance, YouTube video

During Norway's jury performance, two technical issues occurred in a short time. The screen became black while Keiino performed "Spirit In The Sky". When the picture returned the camera operator was seen in the picture. NRK complained to EBU and requested a new run through, but the EBU rejected the complaints.[220][221][222]

Jury vote issuesEdit

Following the reveal of the detailed jury voting, it emerged that three jurors appeared to have voted backwards in their semi-finals. In the first semi-final, Czech juror Jitka Zelenková ranked Portugal as her favourite entry, Slovenia as her least-favourite entry, and ranked Estonia as fourteenth on her list; this was directly opposite to the other Czech jurors, who all ranked Slovenia first and two who ranked Portugal last. In the final, Zelenková's rankings changed dramatically; she listed Estonia as her fourth favourite and Slovenia as her sixth favourite. Neither Zelenková, the Czech broadcaster Česká televize (ČT), nor the EBU have confirmed that her semi-final votes were reversed, but if this were true Poland would have qualified to the final instead of Belarus.[223]

Swedish juror Lina Hedlund also appeared to have voted backwards in the second semi-final. She ranked the Netherlands and Switzerland as her favourite entries in the final, but ranked them as her two least-favourite entries in the semi-final. Additionally, Hedlund ranked Austria her favourite entry in the semi-final, which led Austria to receive eight points from Sweden. Neither Hedlund, the Swedish broadcaster Sveriges Television (SVT), nor the EBU have commented on the incident.[224][225][226]

The second semi-final also seemed to have Russian juror Igor Gulyaev casting his votes in reverse order. In the semi-final, Gulyaev ranked Denmark first and Azerbaijan last, although he reversed this placement in the final. He also ranked Albania as his second least favourite entry in the semi-final, but as his second favourite in the final. If his and Hedlund's votes were reversed, it would have had no impact on the result other than minor differences in the number of points received by each country.[227][228]

This was the second year in which a juror accidentally submitted their votes backwards. In the 2016 contest, Danish juror Hilda Heick ranked the entries backwards, resulting in Ukraine receiving 12 points from Denmark instead of Australia.[224]

Political demonstrations during the grand finalEdit

The organisation of the Eurovision Song Contest in Israel faced protests due to the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict, and not exclusively outside the venue.

During Madonna's interval performance in the grand final where she sang "Like a Prayer" and "Future", the singer directed a monologue (part of her song "Dark Ballet") to backup dancers wearing gas masks between the two songs, alluding to the "[storm] inside of us", saying "they think we are not aware of their crimes. We know, but we're just not ready to act". This was interpreted as a reference to the conflict. During "Future" two dancers—one wearing an Israeli the second a Palestine flag on the back of their costumes— were seen holding each other when guest vocalist Quavo sang the lyrics: "Not everyone is coming to the future, not everyone is learning from the past". Madonna said the use of Israeli and Palestinian flags was not a pro-Palestine demonstration, but a call for unity and peace.[229]

While receiving their points from the televotes, members of the Icelandic entry Hatari were seen showing banners that included the Palestinian flag.[230][231] There had previously been concerns that the self-described anti-capitalist group would use their performance to protest the Israeli occupation of Palestine,[232] and the band had previously received warnings from the EBU about statements they had made prior to the contest.[233] After the contest, the EBU said that "the consequences of this action will be discussed by the Reference Group (the Contest's executive board) after the Contest".[234] Hatari subsequently announced a collaboration with Palestinian artist Bashar Murad for their next single.[235]

Other awardsEdit

In addition to the main winner's trophy, the Marcel Bezençon Awards and the Barbara Dex Award were contested during the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest. The OGAE ((French: Organisation Générale des Amateurs de l'Eurovision, English: General Organisation of Eurovision Fans)) voting poll also took place before the contest.

Marcel Bezençon AwardsEdit

The Marcel Bezençon Awards were first handed out during the 2002 contest in Tallinn, Estonia, honouring the best competing songs in the final. Founded by Christer Björkman (Sweden's representative in the 1992 contest and the current Head of Delegation for Sweden) and Richard Herrey (a member of the Herreys and the Eurovision Song Contest 1984 winner from Sweden), the awards are named after the creator of the annual competition, Marcel Bezençon.[236] The awards are divided into three categories: Press Award, Artistic Award, and Composer Award. The winners are revealed shortly before the Eurovision final.

Category Country Song Performer(s) Composer(s)
Artistic Award   Australia "Zero Gravity" Kate Miller-Heidke Kate Miller-Heidke, Keir Nuttall, Julian Hamilton
Composer Award   Italy "Soldi" Mahmood Mahmood, Dario "Dardust" Faini, Charlie Charles
Press Award   Netherlands "Arcade" Duncan Laurence Duncan Laurence, Joel Sjoo, Wouter Hardy

OGAEEdit

OGAE is an international organisation founded in 1984 in Savonlinna, Finland by Jari-Pekka Koikkalainen.[237] It consists of a network of over 40 Eurovision Song Contest fan clubs across Europe and beyond, and is a non-governmental, non-political, and non-profit company.[238] In what has become an annual tradition for the OGAE fan clubs, a voting poll took place before the main Eurovision Song Contest allowing members from over 40 clubs to vote for their favourite songs in the contest. The top five overall results, after all of the votes had been cast are shown below.[239]

Country Performer(s) Song OGAE result
  Italy Mahmood "Soldi" 411
   Switzerland Luca Hänni "She Got Me" 406
  Netherlands Duncan Laurence "Arcade" 401
  Norway KEiiNO "Spirit in the Sky" 224
  Cyprus Tamta "Replay" 218

Barbara Dex AwardEdit

The Barbara Dex Award is a fan award originally awarded by House of Eurovision from 1997 to 2016, and since 2017 by songfestival.be. This is a humorous award given to the worst dressed artist in the contest each year. It was named after the Belgian artist, Barbara Dex, who came last in the 1993, in which she wore her own self-designed dress.

Place Country Performer(s)
1   Portugal Conan Osíris
2   Cyprus Tamta
3   Belarus ZENA
4   Belgium Eliot
5   North Macedonia Tamara Todevska

Official albumEdit

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
 
Compilation album by
Released26 April 2019
GenrePop
Length
  • 62:36 (CD 1)
  • 59:34 (CD 2)
LabelUniversal
Eurovision Song Contest chronology
Eurovision Song Contest: Lisbon 2018
(2018)
Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019
(2019)

Eurovision Song Contest: Tel Aviv 2019 is the official compilation album of the contest, put together by the European Broadcasting Union and released by Universal Music Group digitally on 12 April 2019 and physically on 26 April 2019.[240][241] The album features all 41 entries.

CD 1
No.TitleArtistLength
1."Ktheju tokës" (Albania)Jonida Maliqi3:05
2."Walking Out" (Armenia)Srbuk2:56
3."Limits" (Austria)PAENDA3:00
4."Zero Gravity" (Australia)Kate Miller-Heidke2:56
5."Truth" (Azerbaijan)Chingiz3:04
6."Wake Up" (Belgium)Eliot2:59
7."Like It" (Belarus)Zena3:01
8."She Got Me" (Switzerland)Luca Hänni3:00
9."Replay" (Cyprus)Tamta2:52
10."Friend of a Friend" (Czech Republic)Lake Malawi2:58
11."Sister" (Germany)S!sters2:58
12."Love Is Forever" (Denmark)Leonora2:59
13."Storm" (Estonia)Victor Crone3:03
14."La Venda" (Spain)Miki Núñez2:57
15."Look Away" (feat. Sebastian Rejman) (Finland)Darude2:59
16."Roi" (France)Bilal Hassani2:54
17."Bigger than Us" (United Kingdom)Michael Rice2:56
18."Keep on Going" (Georgia)Oto Nemsadze3:04
19."Better Love" (Greece)Katerine Duska2:58
20."The Dream" (Croatia)Roko2:59
21."Az én apám" (Hungary)Joci Pápai2:58
Total length:62:36
CD 2
No.TitleArtistLength
1."22" (Ireland)Sarah McTernan2:53
2."Home" (Israel)Kobi Marimi2:57
3."Hatrið mun sigra" (Iceland)Hatari2:57
4."Soldi" (Italy)Mahmood3:06
5."Run with the Lions" (Lithuania)Jurij Veklenko3:00
6."That Night" (Latvia)Carousel3:02
7."Stay" (Moldova)Anna Odobescu3:00
8."Heaven" (Montenegro)Dmol2:54
9."Proud" (North Macedonia)Tamara Todevska2:55
10."Chameleon" (Malta)Michela Pace2:59
11."Arcade" (Netherlands)Duncan Laurence3:02
12."Spirit in the Sky" (Norway)KEiiNO3:04
13."Fire of Love (Pali się)" (Poland)Tulia2:45
14."Telemóveis" (Portugal)Conan Osíris3:01
15."On a Sunday" (Romania)Ester Peony3:03
16."Kruna" (Serbia)Nevena Božović3:05
17."Scream" (Russia)Sergey Lazarev2:57
18."Too Late for Love" (Sweden)John Lundvik2:57
19."Sebi" (Slovenia)Zala Kralj & Gašper Šantl2:59
20."Say Na Na Na" (San Marino)Serhat3:00
Total length:59:34

ChartsEdit

Chart (2019) Peak
position
Australian Albums (ARIA)[242] 13
German Compilation Albums (Offizielle Top 100)[243] 2
UK Compilation Albums (OCC)[244] 8

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Ukraine withdrew approximately a month after the semi-final allocation draw.
  2. ^ Switzerland, which had been allocated to pot five, was pre-allocated to compete in the second semi-final at the request of Swiss broadcaster SRF.
  3. ^ a b Contains two repeated lines in English.
  4. ^ Contains an idiom in Abkhaz.
  5. ^ a b Contains "1, 2, 3" in Turkish.
  6. ^ a b Also contains lines in Danish and German.
  7. ^ a b Contains one repeated line in Northern Sami.
  8. ^ Contains two lines in Arabic.
  9. ^ WJFD-FM transmitted the final live for radio listeners while the broadcasts of all shows were released by Netflix on 22 July 2019.[175][176]

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