Open main menu

Ilhan Abdullahi Omar (born October 4, 1981) is a Somali-American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Minnesota's 5th congressional district since 2019. The district includes all of Minneapolis and some of its suburbs.

Ilhan Omar
Ilhan Omar, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Minnesota's 5th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2019
Preceded byKeith Ellison
Member of the Minnesota House of Representatives
from the 60B district
In office
January 2, 2017 – January 3, 2019
Preceded byPhyllis Kahn
Succeeded byMohamud Noor
Personal details
Born
Ilhan Abdullahi Omar

(1981-10-04) October 4, 1981 (age 37)
Mogadishu, Somalia
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Ahmed Nur Said Elmi
(m. 2009; div. 2017)

Ahmed Hirsi
(m. 2018)
Children3
EducationNorth Dakota State University (BA)
WebsiteHouse website

Omar was elected to the Minnesota House of Representatives in 2016 on the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party line. In 2018 she was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, marking a number of historic electoral firsts: she is the first Somali-American, the first naturalized citizen from Africa, the first non-white woman from Minnesota, and one of the first two Muslim women (along with Rashida Tlaib of Michigan) to serve in Congress.[1][2][3]

Omar is a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus and has advocated for a living wage, affordable housing and healthcare, student loan debt forgiveness, the protection of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, and abolishing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). She has strongly opposed the immigration policies of the Trump administration, including the Trump travel ban. She has been the subject of several conspiracy theories, death threats, and other harassment by political opponents.

A frequent critic of Israel, Omar has denounced its settlement policy and military campaigns in the occupied Palestinian territories, and what she describes as the influence of pro-Israel lobbies such as the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). In early 2019 Omar was criticized by a number of Democrats, Republicans and Jewish civil rights groups for comments about American support for Israel that they said drew on anti-Semitic tropes. Omar apologized for some of the remarks.

Contents

Early life and education

Omar was born in Mogadishu on October 4, 1981,[4] and spent her early years in Baidoa, Somalia.[5][6] She was the youngest of seven siblings, including Sahra Noor. Her father Nur Omar Mohamed, an ethnic Somali, worked as a teacher trainer,[7] and her mother, Fadhuma Abukar Haji Hussein, a Benadiri (a community of partial Yemeni descent), died when Ilhan was two.[8][9][10][11] She was raised by her father and grandfather thereafter.[12] Her grandfather Abukar was the director of Somalia's National Marine Transport and some of Omar's uncles and aunts also worked as civil servants and educators.[7] She and her family fled Somalia to escape the war and spent four years in a Dadaab refugee camp in Garissa County, Kenya, near the Somali border.[13][14][15]

After first arriving in New York in 1992,[16] Omar's family finally secured asylum in the U.S. in 1995 and lived for a time in Arlington, Virginia,[10] before moving to and settling in Minneapolis,[10] where her father worked first as a taxi driver and later for the post office.[10] Her father and grandfather emphasized the importance of democracy during her upbringing, and at age 14 she accompanied her grandfather to caucus meetings, serving as his interpreter.[12][17] Omar became a U.S. citizen in 2000 when she was 17 years old.[18][10] She has spoken about being bullied for wearing a hijab during her time in Virginia, recalling classmates sticking gum on it, pushing her down stairs, and jumping her when changing for gym class.[10] Omar remembers her father's reaction to these incidents: "They are doing something to you because they feel threatened in some way by your existence."[10]

Omar attended Edison High School and volunteered there as a student organizer.[19] She graduated from North Dakota State University[17] with bachelor's degrees in political science and international studies in 2011.[20] Omar was a Policy Fellow at the University of Minnesota's Humphrey School of Public Affairs.[21]

Early career

 
Omar with John Sullivan in Paris as part of Minnesota's World's Fair Bid Committee

Omar began her professional career as a community nutrition educator at the University of Minnesota, working in that capacity from 2006 to 2009 in the Greater Minneapolis–Saint Paul area. In 2012 she served as campaign manager for Kari Dziedzic's reelection campaign for the Minnesota State Senate. Between 2012 and 2013 she was a child nutrition outreach coordinator at the Minnesota Department of Education.[22]

In 2013, Omar managed Andrew Johnson's campaign for Minneapolis City Council. After Johnson was elected, she served as his Senior Policy Aide from 2013 to 2015.[21] During a contentious precinct caucus that turned violent in February 2014, she was attacked by five people and was injured.[7] According to MinnPost, the day before the caucus, Minneapolis city councilmember Abdi Warsame had told Johnson to warn Omar not to attend the meeting.[23]

As of September 2015 Omar was the Director of Policy Initiatives of the Women Organizing Women Network, advocating for women from East Africa to take on civic and political leadership roles.[21] In September 2018, Jeff Cirillo of Roll Call called her a "progressive rising star."[24]

Minnesota House of Representatives

Elections

 
Omar, then a candidate for the Minnesota House of Representatives, speaks at a Hillary for Minnesota event at the University of Minnesota in October 2016
 
Omar at the Twin Cities Pride Parade in 2018

In 2016 Omar ran on the Democratic–Farmer–Labor (DFL) ticket for the Minnesota House of Representatives in District 60B, which includes part of northeast Minneapolis. On August 9 Omar defeated Mohamud Noor and incumbent Phyllis Kahn in the DFL primary.[25] Her chief opponent in the general election was Republican nominee Abdimalik Askar, another activist in the Somali American community. In late August, Askar announced his withdrawal from the campaign.[26] In November 2016 Omar won the general election, becoming the first Somali American legislator in the United States.[27] Her term began on January 3, 2017.[28]

Tenure and activity

During her tenure as state Representative for District 60B, Omar was an Assistant Minority Leader for the DFL caucus.[29][not in citation given][30] She authored or co-authored at least 266 bills during the 2017-2018 legislative session.[31][non-primary source needed]

Committee assignments

  • Civil Law & Data Practices Policy
  • Higher Education & Career Readiness Policy & Finance
  • State Government Finance[32]

Financial transparency issues

In 2018 Republican state representative Steve Drazkowski publicly accused Omar of campaign finance violations,[33] claiming that she used campaign funds to pay a divorce lawyer, and that her acceptance of speaking fees from public colleges violated Minnesota House rules. Omar responded that the attorney's fees were not personal but campaign-related; she offered to return the speaking fees.[34][35] Drazkowski later accused Omar of improperly using campaign funds for personal travel to Estonia and locations in the U.S.[33][36][18]

Omar's campaign dismissed the accusations as politically motivated and accused Drazkowski of using public funds to harass a Muslim candidate.[18][37] In response to an editorial in the Minneapolis Star Tribune arguing that Omar should be more transparent about her use of campaign funds, she said: "these people are part of systems that have historically been disturbingly motivated to silence, discredit and dehumanize influencers who threaten the establishment."[18]

U.S. House of Representatives

Elections

 
Welcoming several of the new female Congressional Black Caucus members in January 2019

On June 5, 2018, Omar filed to run for the United States House of Representatives from Minnesota's 5th congressional district after six-term incumbent Keith Ellison announced he would not seek reelection to that office.[38] On June 17 she was endorsed by the Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party after two rounds of voting.[39] Omar won the August 14 primary with 48.2% of the vote.[40] The 5th district is the most Democratic district in Minnesota and the Upper Midwest, (it has a Cook Partisan Voting Index of D+26) and the DFL has held it without interruption since 1963. She faced health care worker and conservative activist Jennifer Zielinski in the November 6 general election[41] and won with 78.0% of the vote, becoming the first Somali American elected to the U.S. Congress, the first woman of color to serve as a U.S. Representative from Minnesota,[2] and (alongside former Michigan state representative Rashida Tlaib) one of the first Muslim women elected to the Congress.[42][43][44]

Omar received the largest percentage of the vote of any female candidate for U.S. House in state history,[45] as well as the largest percentage of the vote for a non-incumbent candidate for U.S. House (excluding those running against only non-major-party candidates) in state history.[45] She was sworn in on a copy of the Quran owned by her grandfather.[46][47]

After her election, the ban on head coverings in the U.S. House was modified, and Omar became the first woman to wear a hijab on the House floor.[10]

Minnesota's 5th congressional district, 2018[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
DFL Ilhan Omar 267,703 77.97
Republican Jennifer Zielinski 74,440 21.68
n/a Write-ins 1,215 0.35
Total votes 343,358 100.0
DFL hold
Committee assignments
116th Congress (2019–21)[49][50][51]
Party leadership and caucus memberships

Congressional committee assignments

Caucuses

Political positions

 
Omar speaking at worker protest against Amazon, December 2018

Education

Omar supports free tuition for college students whose family income is below $125,000 as well as greater accessibility to student loan forgiveness programs.[54]

Health care

She supports Medicare for All as proposed in the Expanded and Improved Medicare for All Act.[10][55]

Immigration

Omar has said she is in favor of the abolition of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency.[56] She supports prosecuting federal officials who have been accused of physical and sexual assault of people in their detention.[57] She supports the protection of sanctuary cities and a path to permanent status for DREAMers and their families.[56] She opposes efforts to seal the border, calling Donald Trump's border wall plan "racist and sinful".[58] She also criticized Barack Obama's "caging of kids" along the Mexican border.[59][60]

Military policy

She has been critical of U.S. foreign policy and called to reduce funding for "perpetual war and military aggression",[61] saying, "knowing my tax dollars pay for bombs killing children in Yemen makes my heart break", with "everyone in Washington saying we don't have enough money in the budget for universal health care, we don't have enough money in the budget to guarantee college education for everyone."[61] She has also said, "By principle, I'm anti-war because I survived a war. I'm also anti-intervention. I don't think it ever makes sense for any country to intervene in a war zone with the fallacy of saving lives when we know they are going to cause more deaths. I also don't believe in forced regime change. Change needs to come from within."[62] Omar has criticized the U.S. government's drone assassination program, citing the Obama administration's policy of "droning of countries around the world".[59][60] She has said, "we don't need nearly 800 military bases outside the United States to keep our country safe".[63]

In 2019 Omar signed a letter led by Representative Ro Khanna and Senator Rand Paul to President Trump asserting that it is "long past time to rein in the use of force that goes beyond congressional authorization" and that they hoped this would "serve as a model for ending hostilities in the future—in particular, as you and your administration seek a political solution to our involvement in Afghanistan.”[64][65]

Human rights

Omar has criticized Saudi Arabia's human rights abuses and the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[66][67] In October 2018 she tweeted: "The Saudi government might have been strategic at covering up the daily atrocities carried out against minorities, women, activists and even the #YemenGenocide, but the murder of #JamalKhashoggi should be the last evil act they are allowed to commit."[67] She also called for a boycott of Saudi Arabia's regime, tweeting: "#BDSSaudi".[68] The Saudi Arabian government responded by having dozens of anonymous Twitter troll accounts it controlled post tweets critical of Omar.[66]

Omar condemned China's treatment of its Muslim ethnic Uyghur people.[69] In a Washington Post op-ed, Omar wrote, "Our criticisms of oppression and regional instability caused by Iran are not legitimate if we do not hold Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain to the same standards. And we cannot continue to turn a blind eye to repression in Saudi Arabia—a country that is consistently ranked among the worst of the worst human rights offenders."[63] She also condemned the Assad regime in Syria.[70]

Regarding Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro, a far-right politician criticized for misogynistic, homophobic, anti-immigrant and anti-Muslim views who has expressed admiration for Trump,[71][72] Omar tweeted that he has "praised torture, called refugees scum of the world, compared same-sex adoption to pedophilia, expressed admiration for Brazil's military dictatorship, called for extrajudicial killings. We must call out human rights abuses worldwide."[73]

Omar condemned the 2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings, tweeting, "No person, of any faith, should be fearful in their house of worship."[74]

Israeli–Palestinian conflict

Criticism of the Israeli government

While she was in the Minnesota legislature, Omar was critical of the Israeli government and opposed a law intended to restrict the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement.[75] She compared the movement to people who "engage[d] in boycotts" of apartheid in South Africa.[68] During her House campaign she said she did not support the BDS movement, describing it as counterproductive to peace.[76][77] After the election her position changed, as her campaign office told Muslim Girl that she supports the BDS movement despite "reservations on the effectiveness of the movement in accomplishing a lasting solution".[78][79][76] Omar has voiced support for a two-state solution to resolve the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.[68][63] She criticized Israel's settlement building in the occupied Palestinian territories in the West Bank.[80]

In 2018 Omar came under criticism for statements she made about Israel before she was in the Minnesota legislature.[75][77] In a 2012 tweet she wrote, "Israel has hypnotized the world, may Allah awaken the people and help them see the evil doings of Israel."[75][81] The comment, particularly the notion that Israel had "hypnotized the world," was criticized as drawing on anti-Semitic tropes.[75] The New York Times columnist Bari Weiss wrote that Omar's statement tied into a millennia-old "conspiracy theory of the Jew as the hypnotic conspirator".[82] When asked in an interview how she would respond to American Jews who found the remark offensive, Omar replied, "I don't know how my comments would be offensive to Jewish Americans. My comments precisely are addressing what was happening during the Gaza War and I'm clearly speaking about the way the Israeli regime was conducting itself in that war."[81] After reading Weiss's commentary, Omar apologized for not "disavowing the anti-Semitic trope I unknowingly used".[83]

Remarks on AIPAC and American support for Israel

In an exchange with the journalist Glenn Greenwald in February 2019, Omar tweeted, "It's all about the Benjamins baby" in reference to American politicians' support for Israel and invoked the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC). A number of Democratic leaders—including House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, and Majority Whip Jim Clyburn—condemned the tweet, which was interpreted as implying that money was fueling American politicians' support of Israel.[84] The Democratic House leadership released a statement accusing Omar of "engaging in 'deeply offensive' anti-Semitic tropes."[85] The Jewish Democratic Council of America (JDCA) also denounced her statements.[86] Omar issued an apology the next day, saying, "I am grateful for Jewish allies and colleagues who are educating me on the painful history of anti-Semitic tropes", and adding, "I reaffirm the problematic role of lobbyists in our politics, whether it be AIPAC, the NRA or the fossil fuel industry."[85]

On February 27, 2019, Omar spoke at a bookstore and said of her critics: "I want to talk about the political influence in this country that says it is OK for people to push for allegiance to a foreign country." The statements were quickly criticized as allegedly drawing on anti-Semitic tropes of dual loyalty. House Foreign Affairs Committee chairman Eliot Engel said it was "deeply offensive to call into question the loyalty of fellow American citizens" and asked Omar to retract her statement.[87] House Appropriations Committee chairwoman Nita Lowey also called for an apology and criticized the statements in a March 3 tweet, which led to an online exchange between the two. In response, Omar reaffirmed her remarks, insisting that she "should not be expected to have allegiance/pledge support to a foreign country in order to serve my country in Congress or serve on committee."[88][89] Omar said she was simply criticizing Israel, drawing a distinction between criticism of Benjamin Netanyahu and being anti-Semitic.[90][91] Omar's spokesman, Jeremy Slevin, said Omar was speaking out about "the undue influence of lobbying groups for foreign interests."[92]

Reaction among Democratic presidential candidates was mixed. Senators Elizabeth Warren, Kamala Harris, and Bernie Sanders defended Omar.[93] Senators Cory Booker and Kirsten Gillibrand regarded her statements as disturbing.[94] According to The Guardian, election records archived by OpenSecrets "suggest a correlation between pro-Israel lobby campaign contributions and Democratic presidential candidates' position on the controversy."[95] Some members of the Black Caucus believed Omar was unfairly targeted because she is a black Muslim, noting that "the Democratic leadership did not draft a resolution condemning Donald Trump or other white male Republicans over their antisemitic remarks."[95] The second round of remarks prompted the Democratic leadership to introduce a resolution condemning antisemitism but without naming Omar. Following objections from a number of congressional progressive Democrats, the resolution was amended to include Islamophobia, racism, and homophobia,[96] and on March 7 the House passed the amended resolution. Omar called the resolution "historic on many fronts," and said, "We are tremendously proud to be part of a body that has put forth a condemnation of all forms of bigotry including anti-Semitism, racism, and white supremacy."[97] Some Minnesota Jewish and Muslim community leaders subsequently expressed continued concern over Omar's rhetoric and language and indicated that the issue remained divisive with Omar's district.[98]

LGBT rights

Omar was endorsed in 2018 by the Human Rights Campaign, a major LGBT civil rights advocacy group. In response to the endorsement, Omar stated, "I will fight for LGBTQIA+ rights in Washington D.C."[99]

In March 2019 Omar addressed a rally in support of a Minnesota bill that would ban gay conversion therapy in the state. She co-sponsored a similar bill when she was a member of the Minnesota House.[100] In May 2019 Omar introduced legislation that would sanction Brunei over a recently introduced law that would make homosexual sex and adultery punishable by death.[101]

Minimum wage

Omar supports a $15 hourly minimum wage.[102][10]

Venezuela crisis

In January 2019, amid the 2019 Venezuelan presidential crisis, Omar joined Democrats Ro Khanna and Tulsi Gabbard in denouncing the Trump administration's decision to recognize Juan Guaidó, the president of the Venezuelan National Assembly, as Venezuela's interim president.[103] She described Trump's action as a "U.S. backed coup" to "install a far right opposition",[103][104] adding that the U.S. should not "hand pick" foreign leaders[105] and should support "Mexico, Uruguay & the Vatican's efforts to facilitate a peaceful dialogue".[103]

In February 2019 Omar questioned whether Elliott Abrams, whom Trump appointed as Special Representative for Venezuela in January 2019, was the correct choice given his past support of right-wing authoritarian regimes in El Salvador and Guatemala, his initial doubts about the number of reported deaths in the El Mozote massacre in 1982, and his two 1991 misdemeanor convictions for withholding information from Congress about the Iran–Contra affair, for which he was later pardoned by George H. W. Bush.[106][107]

In May 2019, Omar said in an interview on Democracy Now! that U.S. foreign policy and economic sanctions are aimed at regime change and have contributed to the "devastation in Venezuela".[108]

Threats, conspiracy theories and harassment

Assassination plot

In February 2019 the FBI arrested United States Coast Guard Lieutenant Christopher Hasson, who was allegedly plotting to assassinate various journalists and left-of-center political figures in the United States, including Omar. According to prosecutors, Hasson is a self-described "long time White Nationalist" and former skinhead who wanted to use violence to "establish a white homeland." Prosecutors also alleged that Hasson was in contact with an American neo-Nazi leader, stockpiled weapons, and compiled a hit list. Prosecutors allege that Hasson's plans to commit domestic terrorism were inspired by Norwegian far-right terrorist Anders Behring Breivik's 2011 domestic terrorist attacks.[109][110][111]

False connection to 9/11

On March 1, 2019, the West Virginia Republican Party held "WV GOP Day," an event to celebrate the Republican Party, at the West Virginia Capitol. An exhibitor, not associated with the GOP, displayed a poster at the event falsely connecting Omar to the 9/11 terrorist attacks, along with Islamophobic flyers. State delegate Mike Pushkin, in attendance at the event, said that no Republican delegates condemned the poster. The poster was condemned the following day by the WV GOP party, which said, "The West Virginia Republican Party does not approve, condone, or support hate speech." Omar pointed to the poster as an example of why she is targeted with violence, also citing white nationalist domestic terrorist Christopher Hasson placing her on his hit list and "Assassinate Ilhan Omar" being written in a Minnesota gas station.[112][113][114][115][116][112]

Jeanine Pirro's hijab comments

On March 9, 2019, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro made what were widely condemned as prejudiced[117] and Islamophobic comments on her show when she questioned Omar's loyalty to the United States because she wears a hijab.[118][119][120] Fox also condemned the remarks and Pirro's show was not aired the following week.[119][121][122]

Death threats

On or before February 22, 2019, "Assassinate Ilhan Omar" was graffitied in a Rogers, Minnesota Holiday gas station restroom, prompting an FBI investigation.[123]

On April 7, 2019, Patrick Carlineo Jr., an ardent supporter of President Trump, was arrested for threatening to assault and violently murder Omar. The threats were made in a phone call to Omar's office.[124][125] In May 2019 Carlineo was released from custody and placed on house arrest.[126]

9/11 comments and World Trade Center cover

On April 11, 2019, the front page of The New York Post carried an image of the World Trade Center burning following the September 11 terrorist attacks and a quotation from a speech Omar gave the previous month. The headline read, "REP. ILHAN OMAR: 9/11 WAS 'SOME PEOPLE DID SOMETHING'", and a caption underneath added, "Here's your something ... 2,977 people dead by terrorism."[127] The Post was quoting a speech Omar had given at a recent Council on American–Islamic Relations (CAIR) meeting. In the speech Omar said, "CAIR was founded after 9/11 because they recognized that some people did something and that all of us [Muslims in the U.S.] were starting to lose access to our civil liberties".[128][129][130][131] (In fact CAIR was founded in 1994, but many new members joined after the 9/11 attacks in 2001.)[131][132]

On April 12 President Donald Trump retweeted an altered video that selectively edited Omar's remarks to remove context, showing her saying, "Some people did something".[133][134][135] Her remarks were first criticized by fellow representative Daniel Crenshaw of Texas.[136] Some Democratic representatives condemned Trump's retweet, predicting that it would incite violence and hatred. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi called on Trump to “take down his disrespectful and dangerous video” and asked the U.S. Capitol Police to increase its protection of Omar.[137][132] Others who criticized Omar for her comments included Fox & Friends co-host Brian Kilmeade, who said, "You have to wonder if she is an American first", and Donald Trump Jr., who tweeted, "This woman is a disgrace."[131]

Awards and honors

In 2014 Omar was named a rising star in the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party's Women's Hall of Fame.[138]

She received the 2015 Community Leadership Award from Mshale, an African immigrant media outlet based in Minneapolis. The prize is awarded annually on a readership basis.[139]

In 2017 Time magazine named Omar among its "Firsts: Women who are changing the world", a special report on 46 women who broke barriers in their respective disciplines, and featured her on the cover of its September 18 issue.[140] Her family was named one of the "five families who are changing the world as we know it" by Vogue in their February 2018 issue featuring photographs by Annie Leibovitz.[141]

Media appearances

In 2018 Omar was featured in the video for Maroon 5's "Girls Like You".[142]

The 2018 documentary film Time for Ilhan, directed by Norah Shapiro, chronicles Omar's political campaign.[143] It was selected to show at the Tribeca Film Festival and the Mill Valley Film Festival.

Personal life

Omar is Muslim and belongs to the Majeerteen clan from Northeastern Somalia.

In 2002 she became engaged to Ahmed Hirsi (né Aden). The couple applied for a marriage license, but the application was not finalized. The couple had two children together before separating in 2008. The next year Omar married Ahmed Nur Said Elmi, a British citizen. In 2011 she and Elmi had a faith-based divorce,[144] and that year she reconciled with Hirsi, with whom she had a third child in 2012. In 2017 Elmi and Omar were legally divorced,[35] and in 2018 Omar and Hirsi were legally married.[18] They and their three children live in Minneapolis.[21] Her daughter, Isra Hirsi, is one of the three principal organizers of the school strike for climate.[145]

See also

References

  1. ^ Golden, Erin (November 7, 2018). "Ilhan Omar makes history, becoming first Somali-American elected to U.S. House". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, Minn. Archived from the original on February 2, 2019.
  2. ^ a b O'Grady, Siobhán (November 7, 2018). "Trump demonized Somali refugees in Minnesota. One of them just won a seat in Congress". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 4, 2019.
  3. ^ "NDSU Fall 2011 Graduates" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 28, 2018.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Reinl, James (November 15, 2016). "Ilhan Omar: First female Somali American lawmaker". Al Jazeera. Archived from the original on March 8, 2019.
  6. ^ Omar, Ilhan (June 16, 2016). "Questions from a 5th grader". Neighbors for Ilhan. Archived from the original on December 31, 2017.
  7. ^ a b c Zurowski, Cory (November 7, 2016). "Ilhan Omar's improbable journey from refugee camp to Minnesota Legislature". City Pages. Minneapolis: Star Tribune Media Company. Archived from the original on March 7, 2019.
  8. ^ Solomon Yimer (November 7, 2018), "Ilhan Omar Just Became the First Muslim Women Elected to US Congress", ethio.news, news.et, retrieved March 19, 2019
  9. ^ "Ilhan Omar in Brooklyn: On Being 'a Muslim Unapologetically'". Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (December 30, 2018). "Glorified and Vilified, Representative-Elect Ilhan Omar Tells Critics: 'Just Deal'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 2, 2019. Retrieved December 30, 2018.
  11. ^ Adam, Anita Sylvia. "Benadiri People of Somalia" (PDF). Retrieved March 17, 2019.
  12. ^ a b Holpuch, Amanda (February 29, 2016). "'This is my country': Muslim candidate aims to break boundaries in Minnesota". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on January 5, 2019.
  13. ^ Michael Schaub, 'Rep. Ilhan Omar, Somali refugee turned congresswoman, to publish memoir in 2020 ,' LA Times 19 January 2019:' in Somalia, which she left as a child with her family after the outbreak of the Somali civil war.'
  14. ^ "Ilhan Omar elected first Somali-American legislator in the US". Al Arabiya English. November 9, 2016. Archived from the original on July 9, 2018.
  15. ^ "Ex-Somali refugee's U.S. Congress win sparks debate in former home..." Reuters. November 7, 2018. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  16. ^ Wallace-Wells, Benjamin (March 27, 2019). "Ilhan Omar's Embattled First Months in Office". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  17. ^ a b Omar, Mahamad (November 1, 2016). "From Refugee to St. House Race, Ilhan Omar Looks to Break New Ground". Arab American Institute. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016.
  18. ^ a b c d e Forliti, Amy (October 17, 2018). "Minnesota House hopeful calls marriage, fraud claims 'lies'". Associated Press. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  19. ^ Duarte, Lorena (October 21, 2015). "'Done Wishing': Ilhan Omar on why she's running for House District 60B". MinnPost. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  20. ^ "Excerpts". NDSU Magazine. North Dakota State University. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  21. ^ a b c d "Ilhan's Story". Neighbors for Ilhan. Archived from the original on November 6, 2016.
  22. ^ Armin Rosen,'As Keith Ellison Leaves Congress, One Likely Replacement Faces Criticism for Anti-Israel Views,' Tablet 10 April 2019
  23. ^ Nord, James; Bierschbach, Briana (February 18, 2014). "Allegations of threats, bullying follow Cedar-Riverside caucus brawl". MinnPost. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  24. ^ Cirillo, Jeff (August 13, 2018). "Abuse Allegations Loom Over Minnesota Race to Replace Ellison". Roll Call. Retrieved September 5, 2018.
  25. ^ Coolican, J. Patrick; Klecker, Mara (August 10, 2016). "Ilhan Omar makes history with victory over long-serving Rep. Phyllis Kahn". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  26. ^ Sawyer, Liz (August 27, 2016). "GOP state House candidate to suspend campaign against Ilhan Omar". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 28, 2016.
  27. ^ Blair, Olivia (November 9, 2016). "Ilhan Omar: Former refugee is elected as America's first Somali American Muslim woman legislator". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on March 1, 2018.
  28. ^ Lopez, Ricardo (January 4, 2017). "Dayton, legislators kick off session in newly refurbished Capitol". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  29. ^ "Office of the Revisor of Statutes: Search Results". revisor.mn.gov. Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  30. ^ Pugmire, Tim (December 14, 2016). "Omar lands DFL leadership post before taking office". Capitol View. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  31. ^ "Office of the Revisor of Statutes: Search Results". revisor.mn.gov. Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  32. ^ "Ilhan Omar (DFL) 60B - Minnesota House of Representatives". house.leg.state.mn.us.
  33. ^ a b Montemayor, Stephen (October 27, 2018). "On the edge of making history, Ilhan Omar confronts fresh wave of scrutiny". Star Tribune. Minneapolis.
  34. ^ Bierschbach, Briana (July 30, 2018). "Drazkowski: Omar's speaking fees violate House policy". Minnesota Public Radio Capitol View. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
  35. ^ a b Van Berkel, Jessie (July 24, 2018). "Fellow legislator accuses Ilhan Omar of using campaign funds for divorce lawyer". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  36. ^ "Minnesota lawmaker questions Omar's campaign spending". Associated Press. October 10, 2018.
  37. ^ Luckhurst, Toby (February 15, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: Who is Minnesota's Somalia-born congresswoman?". BBC News.
  38. ^ Potter, Kyle (June 5, 2018). "Nation's 1st Somali-American lawmaker eyes seat in Congress". Associated Press. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  39. ^ Golden, Erin (June 18, 2018). "DFL endorses Omar for Ellison's congressional seat". Star Tribune. Minneapolis. Retrieved June 18, 2018.
  40. ^ "Minnesota Primary Election Results". The New York Times. August 16, 2018. Retrieved April 6, 2019.
  41. ^ "Ilhan Omar, Jennifer Zielinski win primary for Minnesota's 5th District". FOX 9. Minneapolis, Minn.: KMSP-TV. August 14, 2018. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  42. ^ Magane, Azmia (November 9, 2018). "Congresswoman-Elect Ilhan Omar Shares Advice for Young People and How She Deals With Islamophobia". Teen Vogue. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  43. ^ Newburger, Emma (August 15, 2018). "Two Democrats are poised to become the first Muslim women in Congress". CNBC. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  44. ^ "Ilhan Omar: Reaction to first Somali-American elected to Congress". BBC News. November 7, 2018. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  45. ^ a b Ostermeier, Eric (November 13, 2018). "Ilhan Omar nearly breaks Minnesota U.S. House electoral record". Smart Politics. Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  46. ^ Herrera, Jack (January 4, 2019). "Using a Quran to Swear in to Congress: A Brief History of Oaths and Texts". Pacific Standard. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  47. ^ Karas, Tania (January 3, 2019). "Two reps were sworn in on the Quran. It's a symbolic moment for Muslim Americans". Public Radio International. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  48. ^ "MN Election Results". Minnesota Secretary of State. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  49. ^ "Rep. Ilhan Omar Appointed to Foreign Affairs, Education & Labor Committees" (Press release). January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 26, 2019.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Government.
  50. ^ Dahir, Abdi Latif (January 4, 2019). "Ilhan Omar becomes the first person to wear the hijab in the US Congress". Quartz Africa. Retrieved January 26, 2019. History was on Ilhan Omar’s mind as she arrived in Washington DC this week. The 36-year-old Democrat from Minnesota’s 5th Congressional district became the first Somali-American, one of two Muslim women, among the unprecedented number of women lawmakers, and part of the largest congressional black caucus elected to the US House of Representatives.
  51. ^ Rao, Maya (December 25, 2018). "Ilhan Omar's influence already expanding in Congress". Star Tribune. Retrieved January 26, 2019.
  52. ^ "Official Alphabetical List of the House of Representatives of the United States [One Hundred Sixteenth Congress]". clerk.house.gov. Office of the Clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives. February 2019. Archived from the original on February 1, 2019.
  53. ^ McPherson, Lindsey (November 29, 2018). "Jayapal Joins Pocan As Co-Chair of Congressional Progressive Caucus". Roll Call.
  54. ^ Faircloth, Ryan (August 24, 2016). "Debate spotlights veteran, newcomers". Minnesota Daily. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  55. ^ "Provide Healthcare Coverage for All". Ilhan for Congress.
  56. ^ a b "Create a Just Immigration System". Ilhan for Congress.
  57. ^ "Create a Just Immigration System". Ilhan Omar DFL-endorsed candidate for Congress. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  58. ^ Cimmino, Jeffrey (January 17, 2019). "Dem Rep. Ilhan Omar Denounces Trump's 'Racist and Sinful Big Wall'". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  59. ^ a b Le Miere, Jason (March 8, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Rebukes Barack Obama for 'Caging of Kids' and 'Droning of Countries Around the World'". Newsweek.
  60. ^ a b Pesce, Nicole Lyn (March 8, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar criticizes Obama and past presidents' 'really bad policies'". MarketWatch.
  61. ^ a b Witt, Emily (August 15, 2018). "How Ilhan Omar won over hearts in Minnesota's Fifth District". Newsweek.
  62. ^ Stuart, Tessa (February 27, 2019). "Ilhan Omar on Finding Her Way in Washington". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  63. ^ a b c Omar, Ilhan (March 17, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: We must apply our universal values to all nations. Only then will we achieve peace". The Washington Post.
  64. ^ Everett, Burgess (April 3, 2019). "Rand Paul, Ocasio-Cortez praise Trump for Syria withdrawal". Politico.
  65. ^ Bolton, Alexander (April 3, 2019). "Rand Paul teams up with Ocasio-Cortez, Omar to press Trump on Syria withdrawal". The Hill.
  66. ^ a b Salem, Ola (December 11, 2018). "Saudi Arabia Declares War on America's Muslim Congresswomen". The Foreign Policy.
  67. ^ a b Brodey, Sam (December 18, 2018). "Who's afraid of Ilhan Omar? Saudi Arabia, for one". MinnPost.
  68. ^ a b c Beinart, Peter (November 19, 2018). "No, BDS Is Not Anti-Semitic, And Neither Is Ilhan Omar". The Forward.
  69. ^ "Ilhan Omar has become the target of a dangerous hate campaign". The Guardian. April 14, 2019.
  70. ^ "Ilhan Omar accused of supporting AIPAC after critiquing Assad". The Jerusalem Post. March 18, 2019.
  71. ^ "Brazil's far-right president tweeted out a pornographic video to condemn Carnival". Vox. March 6, 2019.
  72. ^ Fredericks, Bob (March 19, 2019). "Ilhan Omar accuses Brazilian president of human rights abuses". New York Post.[better source needed]
  73. ^ Bowman, Bryan (March 19, 2019). "Trump Cements Alliance With Far-Right Brazilian President Bolsonaro". The Globe Post.
  74. ^ "Trump, Pelosi and other US lawmakers express condolences, condemn Sri Lanka bombings". Fox News. Associated Press. April 21, 2019.
  75. ^ a b c d "Woman running for Congress in Minnesota rejects anti-Semitism accusations". The Times of Israel. July 8, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  76. ^ a b Benedek, Emily (December 19, 2018). "The Charismatic Female Stars of the New American Left". Tablet. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  77. ^ a b Kampeas, Ron (August 15, 2015). "News Brief Ilhan Omar, who once called Israel an 'apartheid regime,' wins congressional primary in Minnesota". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Retrieved August 15, 2018.
  78. ^ Goldsmith, Lonny (November 12, 2018). "With Election Now Over, Ilhan Omar Voices BDS Support". TC Jewfolk. Minneapolis, Minn.
  79. ^ Pink, Aiden (November 13, 2018). "Muslim Trailblazer Ilhan Omar Admits She Backs BDS – Now That Election Is Over". The Forward.
  80. ^ Harris, Bryant (January 17, 2019). "Pro-Palestinian lawmaker shakes up Israel status quo with seat on foreign affairs panel". Al-Monitor.
  81. ^ a b Crowe, Jack (January 17, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar on Past Anti-Semitic Tweet: 'Those Were the Only Words I Could Think About'". National Review. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  82. ^ Weiss, Bari (January 21, 2019). "Opinion | Ilhan Omar and the Myth of Jewish Hypnosis". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  83. ^ Flynn, Meagan (February 1, 2019). "A Jewish Republican called Ilhan Omar anti-Semitic. She suggested he's Islamophobic. Then came a voice mail". The Washington Post. Bari Weiss, a New York Times columnist, explained to Omar why many Jews found it so offensive in a biting commentary last week that prompted Omar to backpedal and apologize for not putting enough energy into “disavowing the anti-Semitic trope I unknowingly used.”
  84. ^ DeBonis, Mike; Bade, Rachel (February 11, 2018). "Rep. Omar apologizes after House Democratic leadership condemns her comments as 'anti-Semitic tropes'". The Washington Post.
  85. ^ a b Stolberg, Sheryl Gay (February 11, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Apologizes for Statements Condemned as Anti-Semitic". The New York Times. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  86. ^ Wilner, Michael; Beeri, Tamar (February 11, 2019). "Democrats say Ilhan Omar's comments are 'antisemitic'". Jerusalem Post.
  87. ^ CNN, Caroline Kelly. "Engel slams Omar for saying pro-Israel groups push foreign allegiance". CNN.
  88. ^ Cummings, William (March 3, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar responds to House committee chair's charge of 'vile, anti-Semitic slur'". USA Today. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  89. ^ Paul, Deanna. "Top Democrat demands another apology from Rep. Ilhan Omar, accusing her of 'a vile anti-Semitic slur'". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  90. ^ Nelson, Cody (March 7, 2019). "Minnesota Congresswoman Ignites Debate On Israel And Anti-Semitism". NPR. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  91. ^ Cummings, William (March 3, 2019). "Rep. Ilhan Omar responds to House committee chair's charge of 'vile, anti-Semitic slur'". USA Today. Retrieved April 25, 2019.
  92. ^ "Rep. Ilhan Omar Criticized Again for Alleged Anti-Semitism". Snopes. Associated Press. March 1, 2019.
  93. ^ Kelly, Caroline; Krieg, Gregory (March 6, 2019). "Sanders, Harris and Warren defend Ilhan Omar amid controversy over Israel comments". CNN. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
  94. ^ Golshan, Tara (March 7, 2019). "Three 2020 Democrats express concern that attacks against Ilhan Omar will stifle debate on Israel". Vox. Retrieved March 11, 2019.
  95. ^ a b Perkins, Tom (March 9, 2019). "Did pro-Israel lobby funding influence Democrats' responses to Ilhan Omar?". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  96. ^ Smith, Mitch; Furber, Matt (March 8, 2019). "'She Had a Poor Choice of Words': Ilhan Omar's Constituents Grapple with Her Remarks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  97. ^ Shabad, Rebecca; et al. (March 7, 2019). "House passes resolution condemning anti-Semitism and Islamophobia". NBC News. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
  98. ^ Sidner, Sara; Simon, Mallory (March 17, 2019). "These Muslim and Jewish community leaders are united in frustration at Ilhan Omar's comments". CNN. Retrieved March 18, 2019.
  99. ^ "Human Rights Campaign Endorses Ilhan Omar for United States Congress (MN-05 )" (Press release). Human Rights Campaign. October 18, 2018.
  100. ^ "Omar rallies support for bill banning gay conversion therapy". Associated Press. March 21, 2019. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  101. ^ Budryk, Zack (May 16, 2019). "Omar introduces bill sanctioning Brunei over anti-homosexuality law". The Hill. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  102. ^ Berry, Erica (July 11, 2017). "The Country's First Somali-American Legislator and Her Politics of Inclusivity". Pacific Standard. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  103. ^ a b c Daugherty, Alex (January 25, 2019). "New liberals in Congress call Trump's Venezuela action 'a U.S. backed coup'". The Miami Herald. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  104. ^ Beauchamp, Zack (February 15, 2019). "The fight between Ilhan Omar and Elliott Abrams, Trump's Venezuela envoy, explained". Vox.
  105. ^ Bowden, John (January 25, 2019). "New Dem Rep. Omar: US shouldn't 'hand pick' leaders in Venezuela or support 'coup' attempt". The Hill.
  106. ^ Bonner, Raymond (February 15, 2019). "What Did Elliott Abrams Have to Do With the El Mozote Massacre?". The Atlantic. Retrieved February 15, 2019.
  107. ^ Hansler, Jennifer (February 13, 2019). "Venezuela special envoy, Rep. Omar have contentious exchange over human rights". CNN. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  108. ^ Mindock, Clark (May 2, 2019). "Ilhan Omar says US 'helped lead devastation in Venezuela' through regime change sanctions". Yahoo! News. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  109. ^ "Rep. Ilhan Omar on hit list of Coast Guard lieutenant arrested last week". Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. Associated Press. February 20, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  110. ^ Kelly, Caroline (February 21, 2019). "Coast Guard officer accused of wanting to kill Democrats and journalists was inspired by Norwegian mass shooting, feds say". CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  111. ^ "Coast Guard officer accused of drafting hit list of prominent Democrats to remain jailed". CBS News. Associated Press. February 21, 2019. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  112. ^ a b Linton, Caroline (March 4, 2019). "Anti-Muslim poster at West Virginia GOP Day links Ilhan Omar to 9/11". CBS News.
  113. ^ Stieb, Matt (March 1, 2019). "Islamophobic Poster of Ilhan Omar Roils West Virginia Capitol". New York. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  114. ^ Rosenberg, Eli (March 2, 2019). "Poster linking Rep. Ilhan Omar to 9/11 sparks outrage, injuries in W.Va. state Capitol". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  115. ^ Izaguirre, Anthony (March 3, 2019). "Outrage After Anti-Muslim Poster Smears Rep. Ilhan Omar At W.V. Capitol". HuffPost. Associated Press. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  116. ^ "West Virginia GOP displays poster featuring Ilhan Omar and a 9/11 scene". FOX 9. Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. March 2, 2019.
  117. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (March 11, 2019). "Fox News, After Rebuking Jeanine Pirro, Faces Another Uproar Over Tucker Carlson". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  118. ^ Danner, Chas (March 17, 2019). "Trump Wants Jeanine Pirro and Her Islamophobia Back on the Air". Intelligencer. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  119. ^ a b Sakuma, Amanda (March 17, 2019). "Fox News pulls Jeanine Pirro show after her Islamophobic remarks". Vox. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  120. ^ Tornoe, Rob (March 17, 2019). "Trump calls on Fox News to bring back Jeanine Pirro following anti-Muslim comments". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  121. ^ Bever, Lindsey (March 11, 2019). "Fox News condemns host Jeanine Pirro's remarks about Rep. Ilhan Omar's hijab". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  122. ^ Forgey, Quint (March 10, 2019). "Fox News denounces Pirro comments on Omar". Politico. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  123. ^ Weniger, Deanna (March 4, 2019). "FBI looking into graffiti death threat against U.S. Rep. Ilhan Omar". Twin Cities Pioneer Press. St. Paul, Minn. Retrieved March 6, 2019.
  124. ^ Sakuma, Amanda (April 7, 2019). "Trump attacks Rep. Ilhan Omar hours after a supporter was charged with threatening to kill her". Vox. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  125. ^ Pilkington, Ed (April 7, 2019). "Trump under fire over Islamophobia after man threatens to kill Ilhan Omar". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  126. ^ "Steuben Co. man accused of threatening Rep. Omar placed on home detention". WHAM-TV. May 3, 2019. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  127. ^ "Rep. Ilhan Omar: 9/11 was 'Some people did something ... Here's your something ... 2,977 people dead by terrorism". The New York Post. April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  128. ^ McCarthy, Tom (April 14, 2019). "Ilhan Omar: White House escalates Trump attack over 9/11 comment". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  129. ^ Cole, David. Enemy Aliens. New York. The New Press, 2003. Page 47
  130. ^ Frum, David; Perle, Richard (2004). An end to evil: how to win the war on terror. Random House. ISBN 978-0-345-47717-0.
  131. ^ a b c Ingber, Sasha. "'New York Post' Denounced For Publishing Sept. 11 Photo With Rep. Ilhan Omar's Words". NPR. Retrieved April 14, 2019.
  132. ^ a b "'Disgusting, dangerous': Trump slammed over 9/11 Ilhan Omar tweet". Al Jazeera. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  133. ^ "The 9/11 row embroiling a US congresswoman". BBC.com. April 14, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  134. ^ Trump tweets altered video of Ilhan Omar belittling 9/11. Axios, 12 April 2019
  135. ^ 'Inciting Violence': Trump Retweets Edited Video of Ilhan Omar's 9/11 'Something' Remarks. Haaretz, 13 April 2019
  136. ^ Democrats unite to condemn Trump tweet linking Ilhan Omar and 9/11. Vox.com, 13 April 2019
  137. ^ Sonmez, Felicia. "Pelosi asks Capitol Police to step up security for Omar after Trump's 9/11 tweet". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 15, 2019.
  138. ^ "MN DFL Women's Hall of Fame – Past recipients". The Minnesota Women's Summit Committee. Retrieved March 8, 2019.
  139. ^ Mugo, Kari (October 23, 2015). "African diaspora shines at the African Awards Gala". Mshale. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  140. ^ Delage, Jaime (September 7, 2017). "Minneapolis Rep. Ilhan Omar featured on Time Magazine cover". Twin Cities Pioneer Press. St. Paul, Minn. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
  141. ^ "5 Families Who Are Changing The World as We Know It". Vogue. January 11, 2018.
  142. ^ "Rep. Omar Appears In New Maroon 5 Music Video". CBS Minnesota. May 31, 2018. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  143. ^ Scheck, Frank (April 27, 2018). "'Time for Ilhan': Film Review | Tribeca 2018". Hollywood Reporter.
  144. ^ "DFL candidate Ilhan Omar explains marital history in statement". FOX 9. Minneapolis: KMSP-TV. Retrieved August 9, 2018.
  145. ^ Borunda, Alexandra (March 13, 2019). "These young activists are striking to save their planet from climate change". National Geographic.

External links