Bernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaign

The 2020 presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders was an election campaign from the junior United States senator and former representative from Vermont. It began with Sanders's formal announcement on February 19, 2019. The announcement followed widespread speculation that he would run again after finishing as the runner-up in the 2016 Democratic presidential primaries.

Bernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaign
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
Campaign2020 United States presidential election (Democratic Party primaries)
CandidateBernie Sanders
AffiliationDemocratic Party
(serving as an Independent in the Senate)
StatusInactive
AnnouncedFebruary 19, 2019
SuspendedApril 8, 2020[1]
HeadquartersBurlington, Vermont[2]
Washington, D.C.[3]
Key peopleBen Cohen (national co-chair)[4]
Ro Khanna (national co-chair)[4]
Nina Turner (national co-chair)[4]
Carmen Yulín Cruz (national co-chair)[4]
Faiz Shakir (campaign manager)[5]
Analilia Mejia (national political director)[6]
Briahna Joy Gray (press secretary)[7]
Chuck Rocha (senior adviser)[8]
Jess Mazour (Iowa political director)[9]
ReceiptsUS$108,912,139.51[10] (December 31, 2019)
Slogan[2]
Feel the Bern[11]
Website
berniesanders.com

Sanders consistently polled among the top three Democratic candidates nationally. Sanders raised $6 million in the first 24 hours of his announcement, beating out Kamala Harris' $1.6 million for the highest amount raised on day one. Sanders raised $10 million in the first week since launching his campaign. Within each of the four quarters of 2019, Sanders' campaign raised $18.2 million, $18 million, $25.3 million, and $34.5 million, respectively. Each quarter, the campaign had the largest haul for any candidate in the Democratic field.[12] On September 19, 2019, Sanders' campaign announced that they had reached 1 million individual donors, becoming the fastest presidential campaign in history to do so. As of January 2020, Sanders had raised more money than any other Democratic candidate, and only self-funded billionaires Tom Steyer and Michael Bloomberg had more cash on hand.[13]

The national co-chairs of the campaign were Ben & Jerry's co-founder Ben Cohen, Representative Ro Khanna, Our Revolution president Nina Turner, and San Juan mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz,[4] and the campaign manager was Faiz Shakir.[5]

Sanders suspended his presidential campaign on April 8, 2020,[1] following a string of losses to his chief rival Joe Biden and a dwindling path to the nomination.[14] He endorsed Biden on April 13.[15]

BackgroundEdit

Sanders' 2020 campaign was his second run for the Democratic nomination, following his campaign in the 2016 primaries.[16] He entered the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries as a heavyweight candidate, as compared to his prior 2016 underdog campaign.[17] Had Sanders won the presidency, he would have been the first Jewish president and the oldest president at the time of inauguration.

Sanders joined the 2020 race with the advantages of a large online donor base and having his policy ideas accepted into the Democratic mainstream.[18] In a crowded field of primary candidates, Sanders had the largest infrastructure in waiting but was likely to see his supporter base fragmented, as compared to his head-to-head campaign in 2016.[19] While policies such as single-payer healthcare and tuition-free public colleges have entered mainstream Democratic thought since his 2016 campaign, some Democratic leaders doubted the breadth of his appeal.[18]

On February 19, 2019, Sanders announced on Vermont Public Radio that he was running for the 2020 United States presidential election.[20] On the same day, he announced his campaign in an email to his supporters and in an interview with John Dickerson on CBS This Morning.[21]

CampaignEdit

On March 15, 2019, Sanders' campaign announced that its workers had unionized with UFCW Local 400, making it the first-ever major presidential campaign with a unionized workforce.[22] The Sanders' campaign has promised to offset its greenhouse gas emissions while traveling by contributing to renewable energy projects.[23]

Staff and leadershipEdit

 
Campaign co-chair Ro Khanna speaks at a rally for Sanders in San Jose, California

On February 21, 2019, Sanders' campaign announced its national campaign co-chairs: Ben & Jerry's co-founder Ben Cohen, Rep. Ro Khanna, Our Revolution president Nina Turner, and San Juan mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz.[4]

The campaign manager is Faiz Shakir,[5] the political director is Analilia Mejia,[6] and the communications director is Carli Stevenson.[9] Other staff and advisors include deputy political director Sarah Badawi and senior advisor for the campaign Chuck Rocha;[6] deputy press secretary Belén Sisa;[24] senior advisors Phillip Agnew, Pete D’Alessandro and Kurt Ehrenberg;[25][9] and foreign policy advisor Matt Duss.[26] Shakir's role as campaign manager may make him the first Muslim campaign manager for a major party U.S. presidential campaign,[5] and the first Pakistani-American to hold the position.[citation needed]

FundraisingEdit

Fundraising totals are closely watched because they are an indicator of a candidate's support. Within three-and-a-half hours after his announcement, Sanders had raised over $1 million from small donations from all 50 states, quickly overtaking the amount rival candidate Kamala Harris raised in the first full day after her presidential announcement.[27] Within 12 hours, Sanders had raised over $4 million from 150,000 donors,[28] and in the first 24 hours following his announcement, Sanders raised $5.9 million from 225,000 individual donors, with the average donation being $27.[29] Within a week of his announcement Sanders had raised $10 million from 359,914 donors; donors who did not donate to his 2016 campaign stood for 39% of the donations, and registered Republican donors numbered approximately 12,000.[30] By April 1, Sanders had raised $18.2 million, leading the amounts raised by all other Democratic candidates. About 20 percent of donors were new supporters and the average donation was $20.[31] On July 2, Sanders campaign manager Faiz Shakir announced to reporters that the campaign had raised $18 million in the second quarter of 2019 in addition to having transferred an additional $6 million from other campaign accounts. Shakir added that 99% of the donations were $100 or less with an average contribution size of $18 and that the campaign received 2 million the day after the Miami Democratic debate.[32] On July 31, Shakir announced that the Sanders campaign had raised 1.1 million from over 70,000 donations since the Detroit Democratic debate the previous night, which Shakir credited Sanders for commanding and using to leave "absolutely no doubt that he is the best candidate ready to take this fight to Donald Trump and finally bring the change we need to America."[33] As with his 2016 campaign, donors have the option to donate exactly $27 to the campaign, the average amount donated to Bernie at one point in the 2016 campaign. On September 19, 2019, Sanders' campaign announced that they had reached 1 million individual donors, becoming the fastest presidential campaign in history to achieve that milestone.[34]

On October 1, 2019, Sanders' campaign announced that it raised $25.3 million in the third quarter.[35] On January 1, 2020, the Sanders campaign announced that they had raised $34.5 million during the final quarter of 2019, the highest amount in a single quarter of any candidate.[36] On February 6, 2020, the Sanders campaign announced it raised $25 million in January 2020, more than any other candidate raised during any entire quarter of 2019.[37]

Public speaking eventsEdit

 
Sanders speaking at the June 9, 2019 Iowa Democrats Hall of Fame Celebration in Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Sanders held a kickoff rally in Brooklyn, New York on March 2, 2019, with an estimated crowd of around 13,000 in attendance. In addition to his well-known positions on income equality and societal reform, Sanders also spoke about his personal life, which was something that he had hesitated to do in his first presidential campaign. Sanders spoke about the influence that his working-class upbringing in Brooklyn and the experiences of his father, a Jewish immigrant who had fled from anti-Semitism and poverty in Poland, had on his life. Sanders said "I know where I came from, and that is something I will never forget. Unlike Donald Trump, who shut down the government and left 800,000 federal employees without income to pay the bills, I know what it's like to be in a family that lives paycheck to paycheck."[38]

On March 3, Sanders spoke in Selma, Alabama, at a commemoration event held to remember the civil rights march known as Bloody Sunday. Later that day, Sanders held his second rally in Chicago, Illinois. As at his first event, he spoke about income and social equality, but in Chicago, Sanders spoke more extensively against racial disparities. Sanders discussed his personal involvement in the civil rights movement, including his leading role in the 1962 University of Chicago sit-ins and his participation in the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.[39]

On April 13, Sanders delivered an address to service trade union members in Coopersville, Michigan where he pledged to do everything he could to prevent President Trump's reelection and declared that a Sanders administration would "use the power of the federal government to say to large, profitable corporations, treat your workers with respect."[40]

On May 5, Sanders gave a speech at the Mitchell County Fairgrounds in Osage, Iowa, calling for radical changes to the agricultural economy of the United States including different policy approaches for farm subsidies, supply management programs and rural investments and cited the need for new anti-trust measures to combat the "growing monopolization of agriculture."[41]

On June 12, Sanders gave a speech at George Washington University defining and defending his vision of democratic socialism, saying it was an imperative in order to both defeat Trump in the upcoming election and bring systemic change to the United States.[42][43]

On June 28, Sanders addressed the National Newspaper Publisher's Association's (NNPA) convention at the Westin Hotel in Cincinnati, Ohio, where he spoke about his campaign's policies and opined that there was "no excuse for white families to own 10 times more wealth than black families."[44]

On July 17, Sanders gave another speech at George Washington University, defending his Medicare for All proposal against critique of it as unrealistic and overly disruptive and its benefits toward seniors through providing them with access to dental, vision and other benefits that were presently not covered by Medicare.[45]

On July 23, Sanders and Elizabeth Warren spoke at a rally of organized airline industry workers at Reagan National Airport, Sanders saying that they had a simple request of wanting Sky Chefs, Gate Gourmet, and American Airlines to pay "workers living wages and provide decent health care."[46]

On July 24, Sanders spoke at the annual NAACP convention in Detroit, Michigan, where he and Amy Klobuchar stated their support for a plan put forth by South Carolina Representative Jim Clyburn to put significant investments in impoverished communities when asked if they supported reparations for slavery.[47]

On August 7, Sanders held a rally at Long Beach City College in Long Beach, California, where he advocated for his Senate colleagues to pass legislation raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour that had been passed in the House the previous month as well as the implementation of a ban on the sale and distribution of assault-style rifles.[48]

On August 8, Sanders delivered a speech at the National Association of Black Journalists convention in Miami, Florida, saying that his proposal to make college and health care free while taxing the wealthy would "disproportionately" assist black communities and described how his plan to forgive student loan debt would lift a burden that kept young people struggling.[49]

Televised forums and podcast appearancesEdit

On April 6, Sanders participated in a Fox News town hall which attracted more than 2.55 million viewers, with Fox seeing an increase of total viewers by 24 percent and 40 percent among people aged 25 to 54, surpassing the ratings of all prior 2020 Democratic presidential candidate town halls.[50][51] On April 24, he participated in the She the People forum at Texas Southern University in Houston, Texas,[52][53] and on April 22, he participated in a town hall meeting sponsored by CNN.[54]

In June, Sanders delivered remarks at the California Democratic Party Convention in San Francisco.[55] During July, Sanders participated in the presidential forum of the National Education Association in Honolulu, Hawaii,[56] a town hall in Las Vegas, Nevada,[57] and at a The Washington Post public interview event with Robert Costa, drawing laughter from the audience when he asked if Bank of America was really sponsoring his appearance, in reference to the bank's logo being behind the pair.[58] In August, Sanders delivered remarks at a presidential forum in Las Vegas as news broke of the 2019 El Paso shooting.[59]

On August 6, Sanders appeared on The Joe Rogan Experience. Newsweek commented on his appearance, saying that while some praised Joe Rogan for "hosting a pragmatic discussion" others "seemed rather stunned by Sanders's decision to appear on the show at all." Following the podcast, Rogan became a top-trending topic on Twitter.[60][61]

On November 16, 2019, Sanders participated in a presidential town hall at the California Democratic Party Convention. Following the event, supporters of Sanders celebrated his campaign for Medicare for All and a Green New Deal in the lobby of the convention hall, where Sanders banners were draped over the railings.[citation needed]

Health concerns and return to campaigningEdit

Sanders was hospitalized on October 1, 2019, after experiencing chest pains at a campaign event in Las Vegas. He was diagnosed with a heart attack, and a routine operation was performed to insert two stents to address a blockage in an artery.[62] Scheduled campaign events and appearances were canceled until further notice,[63] but he confirmed that he would be in the October debate.[64]

On October 19, 2019, Sanders accepted the endorsement of Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez at a rally in Queens, New York. The Queens rally had almost 26,000 attendees, making it the largest rally held by a 2020 Democratic primary candidate by attendance.[65] The Queens rally was Sanders' first rally since his heart attack, and his second public appearance after the Democratic debate that month. It is generally considered an inflection point for his campaign, as Sanders' polling saw a significant recovery following the rally and endorsement.[citation needed]

In December 2019, three months after experiencing a heart attack, Sanders released three letters from physicians detailing his health. A letter from Attending Physician of Congress Brian P. Monahan declared Sanders "in good health currently" and detailed his discontinuation of use of beta blockers and blood thinning medication prescribed to him after the procedure, while letters from two cardiologists also declared Sanders as healthy.[66] Even after releasing the letters, Sanders faced criticism from other candidates for failing to be transparent about his health condition. Defending Sanders, his spokeswoman Briahna Joy Gray falsely claimed that Mike Bloomberg had also "suffered heart attacks in the past."[67] Gray later issued a statement saying she had misspoken: "I misspoke when I said Bloomberg had a heart attack. Rather, he underwent the same stent procedure as Bernie. Bernie released 3 detailed medical reports in December — just like the other candidates."[68]

Iowa and Nevada caucusesEdit

 
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez stumping for Sanders at a November 8, 2019 rally in Council Bluffs, Iowa

Following his winning the popular vote in the 2020 Iowa Democratic caucuses, the popular vote and delegate count in the New Hampshire Democratic primary, and a significant surge in national polls, Sanders emerged as a front-runner in the 2020 primaries.[69][70] Sanders surpassed Joe Biden in the Real Clear Politics average for the first time ever on February 10, 2020. Some more moderate Democrats have expressed concerns that a Sanders nomination could cause a down-ballot effect favoring Republican candidates,[71][72][73] while others have argued that a progressive nominee such as Sanders could benefit from a greater turnout of young and historically disenfranchised voters.[74] Congressional Democratic leaders Nancy Pelosi and Chuck Schumer have both indicated they would be comfortable with Sanders at the top of the ticket, and attempted to allay fears about Sanders' influence down-ballot.[75]

Sanders has faced criticism for the toxic online behavior of some of his supporters, especially following the Culinary Workers Union's decision not to endorse him. The union claimed that this was in part due to online harassment union leaders received from Sanders supporters after distributing a flyer criticizing Sanders's healthcare policy.[76] At the Democratic debate on February 19, Sanders suggested that such behavior represents only a small fraction of his base and that some of his alleged online supporters may be Russian bots.[77][78] A spokesperson for Twitter said there was no evidence backing Sanders's claim.[78] On February 22, it was reported that Russia had been attempting to interfere in the primaries to support Sanders. In response, Sanders denounced Russian election interference, stating, "If elected president, trust me, [Putin is] not going to be interfering in American elections."[79] He said that his campaign was briefed about Russia's alleged efforts about a month before.[79] The following day, Sanders won the Nevada caucuses.[80] Sanders once again condemned Putin at the Democratic debate in Charleston, South Carolina, on February 25.[81] In February 2020, he temporarily became the race's front-runner.[82][83][84][85]

Super Tuesday and subsequent votingEdit

 
Sanders at a rally in Saint Paul, Minnesota on March 2, 2020

Following Biden attaining the lead in the election during the Super Tuesday primaries, Sanders said he would drop out if Biden ends up having more pledged delegates than him by the time of the 2020 Democratic National Convention in July, eliminating the need for superdelegate intervention in the event of a contested convention.[86][87]

One week after Super Tuesday, the Michigan primary, which in 2016 gave the Sanders campaign a critical boost, was a decisive victory for Biden.[88] The North Dakota primary was the sole victory for Sanders on the week after Super Tuesday. On March 14, Sanders won the Northern Mariana Islands caucuses, a minor contest awarding him 4 delegates.

The day after the March 17 primaries, in which Biden won all three states by wide margins, Sanders said his team was "assessing the state of our campaign" but that it would not be ending.[89] The campaign later deactivated its Facebook advertisements.[90] Aides to both his and Biden's campaign said they were in contact with one another regarding the coronavirus pandemic,[89] which caused many of the upcoming primaries to be postponed.

SuspensionEdit

After poor results in election contests from Super Tuesday and beyond,[91] Sanders announced the suspension of his 2020 presidential campaign in a call to staff and supporters on April 8.[92] The suspension of his campaign came after failing to expand his base past his 2016 campaign, which saw him come up short against Hillary Clinton for the 2016 Democratic nomination.[93] He stated that he would remain on the ballot in the remaining states and continue to accumulate delegates with the goal of influencing the Democratic Party's platform.[94][95][96]

Presidential debatesEdit

Sanders participated in all eleven Democratic debates of the primary season; only he and Joe Biden have done so. The first debate was split into two parts, with 10 candidates debating on June 26 and 10 other candidates debating on June 27; a random drawing placed Sanders in the latter group of candidates.[97] Along with Kamala Harris, Sanders was one of two candidates to raise their hands when moderators asked for a show of hands from those who sought the abolition of private insurance as part of an effort to achieve universal coverage. Gregory Krieg of CNN observed, "Generations of Democrats of have toyed with ideas for expanding or guaranteeing coverage. But it is Sanders's relentless push for Medicare for All – a proposal with 14 Senate co-sponsors in its latest iteration – that has set a measuring stick among Democrats in this primary."[98]

The second debates of the primary took place on July 30 and 31 in Detroit, with Sanders participating on the first night.[99] When Tim Ryan objected to Sanders knowing for sure that his Medicare for All proposal was comprehensive, Sanders replied, "I do know it. I wrote the damn bill!"[100] Matt Flegenheimer of The New York Times wrote that through his dismissal of Ryan "and other exchanges like it—with several candidates nipping at him and a team of CNN moderators goading the contenders into open conflict—Mr. Sanders made this much clear: For better or worse for the party, he can still own the Democratic debate. And, on this night, the Democratic debate stage."[101] The phrase "I wrote the damn bill!" gained a life of its own, being repeated by Bernie in campaign events and later debates, and even being used in the title of Jeopardy! categories.[102]

Sanders took part in the October 15 debate, his first appearance since he was hospitalized on October 1 when he was diagnosed as having had a myocardial infarction (heart attack). Todd Graham, a nationally recognized debate coach, gave Sanders an "A" for his performance, his highest rating of all of the candidates. He praised Sanders' comeback to Biden saying he was the only candidate that had done anything important. Sanders replied, "You got the disastrous war in Iraq done. You got a bankruptcy bill, which is hurting middle-class families all over this country. You got trade agreements, like NAFTA (The North American Free Trade Agreement) and PNTR (Permanent Normal Trade Relations), with China done, which have cost us 4 million jobs." Both Biden and Elizabeth Warren received a rating of "C" from Graham.[103]

The first debate that featured Sanders as a nationally recognized front-runner was the February 19 debate in Paradise, Nevada. This debate also featured former New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg for the first time since his late entrance to the race in November 2019.[104]

Sanders participated in the March 15 debate against Joe Biden on CNN. This was the first one-on-one debate of the primary season, as most other candidates had dropped out or did not meet the qualifications for the debate.[105]

On the possibility of future debates, Sanders told Anderson Cooper on March 25, "I think we need a good debate as to where we go, not only just now but in the future. And to my mind, if there's anything that this unexpected moment in American history should teach us, we've got to rethink the basic structures of American society, and that is guaranteed health care to all as a human right, creating an economy that provides for all people not just the wealthy."[106]

Political positionsEdit

Sanders is a democratic socialist, progressive and pro-labor rights advocate who emphasizes reversing economic inequality to limit the power of the wealthy so there is "democratic socialism for working families, not just Wall Street, billionaires and large corporations." He advocates for universal and single-payer healthcare, paid parental leave, as well as tuition-free tertiary education. Sanders views global warming as a serious problem,[107] and he brought the need for aggressive climate action to national attention in his 2016 run. In 2019 he announced support for Green New Deal legislation.[108] On foreign policy, Sanders broadly supports reducing military spending, pursuing more diplomacy and international cooperation, and putting greater emphasis on labor rights and environmental concerns when negotiating international trade agreements. On social issues, he stands for immigration reform, abortion rights for women, opposition to the death penalty, LGBT equality, and recognition of Black Lives Matter concerns.[109]

EndorsementsEdit

Major current or former American politicians who have endorsed Sanders include Patrick Leahy, Nina Turner, Jesús "Chuy" García,[110] Pramila Jayapal, Ro Khanna, Keith Ellison, Peter Welch,[111][112] Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez,[113] Ilhan Omar,[114] Rashida Tlaib,[115] Robert Reich, Bill de Blasio,[116] Mark Pocan[117] and Mike Gravel.[118] This stood in stark contrast with 2016, when Sanders had little to no support from prominent political figures. Political organizations including Brand New Congress and Our Revolution have also endorsed his candidacy.[119][120] In January 2020, the Sunrise Movement endorsed Sanders for president.[121]

International heads of state including Daniel Ortega, Evo Morales, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and Rafael Correa have also endorsed Sanders.[citation needed]

Notable individuals who have endorsed Sanders include Jack Nicholson, Emily Ratajkowski, Danny DeVito,[122] Danny Glover,[123] Dick Van Dyke,[124] Cardi B,[125] Lil Yachty, Miley Cyrus, Hailey Bieber, Dave Bautista, Chloë Sevigny, Killer Mike, Shailene Woodley, Shaun King,[126] Linda Sarsour, Susan Sarandon, John Mulaney, Rob Delaney, Milla Jovovich, Michael Moore,[127] Cynthia Nixon, John Cusack, Sarah Silverman, Werner Herzog, Ethan and Hila Klein, Magdalene Visaggio, Vincent Waller, Owen Dennis,[128] Justin Long, Elizabeth Gillies, Thomas Middleditch, Lizzo, Josh Hutcherson, Caroline Calloway, David Cross, Charlyne Yi, Bill Sienkiewicz, Charles Martinet, Norah Jones, Tim Heidecker,[129] Willow Smith, Susan Eisenberg, William Salyers, Sandy Fox, Jack White,[130] Jason Mraz,[131] Brandi Carlile, Billy West, Rebecca Sugar, Mark Ruffalo, TJ Kirk, Boogie2988, Greg Cipes, Amer Zahr, Eric Andre,[132] Ariana Grande,[133] Bon Iver's Justin Vernon[134] and Cenk Uygur. Joe Rogan is said to have endorsed him due to his saying on his podcast that he would probably vote for Bernie,[135] but has since cast some doubt about whether this was an endorsement.[136]

In July 2019, the Sanders campaign issued an "anti-endorsement" list consisting almost entirely of corporate executives and billionaires who have criticized the senator and his policies.[137]

In February 2020, The New York Times reported that two members of the South Carolina legislature who endorsed Sanders owned small consulting firms that received tens of thousands of dollars as "vendors" to the Sanders campaign; the arrangement has raised ethical concerns.[138] On February 23, 2020, the day after Sanders' victory in the Nevada caucuses, former presidential candidate Marianne Williamson endorsed Sanders.[139]

On March 9, 2020, Working Families Party endorsed Sanders for President.[140]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Bernie 2020". berniesanders.com. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  3. ^ Otterbein, Holly (March 11, 2019). "Sanders campaign to be based in both D.C. and Vermont". Politico. Archived from the original on December 1, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Perticone, Joe (February 21, 2019). "Bernie Sanders announces new national co-chairs: Our Revolution President and former Ohio State Sen. Nina Turner, Rep. Ro Khanna, San Juan Puerto Rico Mayor Carmen Yulín Cruz and Ben & Jerry's co-founder Ben Cohen". @JoePerticone. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Resnick, Gideon; Stein, Sam; Ackerman, Spencer (February 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Hires Top Progressive Advocate, Faiz Shakir, as Campaign Manager". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Dovere, Edward-Isaac [@isaacdovere] (February 19, 2019). "Sanders aides had been pushing to get a diverse campaign staff. Top leadership goes to that goal:@fshakir, from Harry Reid and ACLU, will be campaign manager, @Analilia_Mejia will be political director, @Sarah_Badawi will be deputy political director" (Tweet). Retrieved January 27, 2020 – via Twitter.
  7. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex [@aseitzwald] (March 19, 2019). "New hires for Bernie Sanders' comms shop: The Intercept's Briahna Joy Gray joins as national press secretary, David Sirota comes on board as senior comms adviser and speechwriter" (Tweet). Retrieved January 27, 2020 – via Twitter.
  8. ^ Bonn, Tess (February 6, 2020). "Sanders adviser: Bloomberg 'may have all the money, but we definitely have all the people'". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 6, 2020. Retrieved February 16, 2020.
  9. ^ a b c Jaffe, Alexander (March 12, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Makes Top Iowa, New Hampshire Hires for 2020". US News and World Report. Archived from the original on March 13, 2019. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 11, 2020.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Kroll, Andy (March 3, 2020). "Inside Bernie Sanders' Plan for a Youth Vote Revolution". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 5, 2020. Retrieved March 15, 2020.
  12. ^ Blaine, Kyle (April 16, 2019). "2020 first quarter fundraising totals released". CNN Politics. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  13. ^ McMinn, Sean (February 20, 2020). "Tracking the money race behind the Presidential campaign". NPR. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  14. ^ Aaron Blake. "Analysis | Bernie Sanders's biggest problem in the delegate race". Washington Post. Archived from the original on March 28, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  15. ^ "US election 2020: Bernie Sanders endorses ex-rival Joe Biden for president". BBC News. April 13, 2020. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  16. ^ Detrow, Scott (February 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Enters 2020 Presidential Campaign, No Longer An Underdog". NPR. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  17. ^ Otterbein, Holly (February 19, 2019). "Sanders launches second bid for presidency". Politico. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  18. ^ a b Burns, Alexander; Martin, Jonathan (November 6, 2018). "Warren Is Preparing for 2020. So Are Biden, Booker, Harris and Sanders". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  19. ^ Burns, Alexander; Flegenheimer, Matt; Lee, Jasmine C.; Lerer, Lisa; Martin, Jonathan (January 21, 2019). "Who's Running for President in 2020?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  20. ^ Kinzel, Bob (February 19, 2019). "He's In For 2020: Bernie Sanders Is Running For President Again". VPR. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  21. ^ "Bernie Sanders announces 2020 run: Full transcript". CBS This Morning. February 19, 2019. Archived from the original on February 24, 2019. Retrieved February 24, 2019.
  22. ^ Resnick, Gideon (March 15, 2019). "Bernie Sanders' 2020 Campaign Becomes the First Ever to Unionize". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on April 17, 2019. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  23. ^ Kaufman, Alexander (March 21, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Campaign Becomes 2020's First To Promise To Offset Carbon Emissions". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on March 21, 2019. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  24. ^ Bowden, John (March 1, 2019). "Sanders hires DACA protected undocumented immigrant as deputy press secretary". Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
  25. ^ Gregory Krieg; Annie Grayer. "After Bernie Sanders: Progressives take stock after they fall short again". CNN. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  26. ^ Richardson, Davis (February 6, 2019). "How One Advisor Bolstered Bernie Sanders' Foreign Policy Credentials Ahead of 2020". Observer.com. Archived from the original on March 28, 2019. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
  27. ^ Henney, Megan (February 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders raised $1M within hours of announcing 2020 bid". Fox Business. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  28. ^ "The Latest: Sanders' 2020 campaign raises $4M in half a day". apnews.com. Associated Press. February 19, 2019. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  29. ^ Thomas, Ken [@KThomasDC] (February 20, 2019). "NEWS: @BernieSanders announces he's raised $5.9 million online in the first 24 hours since his presidential announcement. 225,000 individual donors. Average donation of $27" (Tweet). Retrieved January 27, 2020 – via Twitter.
  30. ^ Goldmacher, Shane (February 25, 2019). "Bernie Sanders raises $10 million in less than a week". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 25, 2019. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  31. ^ John, Whitesides (April 2, 2019). "Bernie Sanders raises $18.2 million for White House run, takes fundraising lead". Reuters. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  32. ^ Greenwood, Max (July 2, 2019). "Bernie Sanders raises $18M in second quarter". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 28, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  33. ^ Greenwood, Max (July 31, 2019). "Sanders says he raised $1.1 million since debate". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  34. ^ Nobles, Ryan (September 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders campaign hits 1 million donors". CNN. Archived from the original on September 20, 2019. Retrieved September 19, 2019.
  35. ^ Pramuk, Jacob (October 1, 2019). "Bernie Sanders campaign says it raised a massive $25.3 million in the third quarter". CNBC. Archived from the original on February 18, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  36. ^ Otterbein, Holly (January 1, 2020). "Sanders discloses $34.5 million haul for final quarter of 2019". Politico. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  37. ^ Goldmacher, Shane (February 6, 2020). "Sanders Raises $25 Million in January, a Huge Show of Financial Strength". The New York Times. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
  38. ^ Krieg, Gregory (March 2, 2019). "'I know where I came from!': Sanders begins 2020 campaign with personal speech in Brooklyn". CNN. Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  39. ^ Otterbein, Holly (March 3, 2019). "In Chicago, Sanders talks race". Politico. Archived from the original on March 4, 2019. Retrieved March 4, 2019.
  40. ^ Elnashar, Ahtra (April 13, 2019). "Bernie Sanders meets with Coopersville union workers". Fox 17. Archived from the original on August 27, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  41. ^ Hardy, Kevin (May 5, 2019). "In ag policy speech, Bernie Sanders calls for 'radical' changes to farming, subsidies and commodity price controls". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  42. ^ Resnick, Gideon (June 12, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Defines Democratic Socialism as Key to Defeating Trump". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on July 1, 2019. Retrieved June 12, 2019.
  43. ^ Sanders, Bernie (2019). "Bernie Sanders to Deliver Speech On How Democratic Socialism Is the Only Way to Defeat Oligarchy". YouTube. Archived from the original on June 12, 2019. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  44. ^ Wartman, Scott (June 28, 2019). "Bernie Sanders, in Cincinnati, Ohio, makes appeal to black Americans; calls out Trump". cincinnati.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  45. ^ Sarlin, Benjy (July 17, 2019). "Bernie Sanders hits back at 'Medicare for All' critics in speech". NBC News. Archived from the original on January 26, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  46. ^ Capriel, Jonathan (July 23, 2019). "Elizabeth Warren, Bernie Sanders join labor rally at Reagan National". bizjournals.com. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  47. ^ Gray, Kathleen (July 24, 2019). "Presidential candidates send strong message to black voters at NAACP convention". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  48. ^ Rivera, Stephanie (August 7, 2019). "Presidential candidate Bernie Sanders focuses on working families during Long Beach rally". Long Beach Post. Archived from the original on March 6, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  49. ^ Williams, Joseph P. (August 9, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Turns On the Charm at Conference of Black Journalists". U.S. News. Archived from the original on November 30, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  50. ^ Concha, Joe (April 16, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Fox News town hall draws more than 2.55 million". The Hill. Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved April 16, 2019.
  51. ^ Sunkara, Bhaskar (April 16, 2019). "How wide is Bernie Sanders' appeal? This cheering Fox News audience is a clue". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 17, 2019. Retrieved April 18, 2019.
  52. ^ Rodrigo, Chris Mills (April 24, 2019). "Eight 2020 Dems to meet at 'She the People' forum". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 14, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  53. ^ Krieg, Gregory (April 25, 2019). "Bernie Sanders' appeal to women of color falls flat with She the People questioner". CNN. Archived from the original on July 19, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  54. ^ Rocha, Veronica (April 22, 2019). "Sanders says the right to vote should be extended 'even for terrible people' like Boston Marathon bomber". CNN. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  55. ^ Zendehnam, Sara (June 1, 2019). "Six Presidential candidates make pitch to SEIU union at breakfast forum". KTVU. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  56. ^ Daysog, Rick (July 5, 2019). "At mainland forum, Hawaii teachers get chance to question presidential candidates". Hawaii News Now. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  57. ^ Grayer, Annie (July 6, 2019). "Bernie Sanders didn't give a definitive answer on sex work vs. sex trafficking". CNN. Archived from the original on November 30, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  58. ^ Daugherty, Owen (July 16, 2019). "Crowd breaks into laughter after Sanders asks whether big bank is 'really sponsoring' his interview with WaPo". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 5, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  59. ^ Sadler, John (August 3, 2019). "In Las Vegas forum, 2020 candidates say country 'under attack' after Texas mass shooting". Las Vegas Sun. Archived from the original on January 2, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  60. ^ Prokos, Hayley (August 7, 2019). "Joe Rogan Praised By Twitter After Bernie Sanders Appears On Podcast To Debate Health Care, Gun Laws And Aliens". Newsweek. Archived from the original on August 10, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  61. ^ "Joe Rogan Experience #1330 - Bernie Sanders". YouTube. Archived from the original on August 10, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2019.
  62. ^ Choi, Matthew; Otterbein, Holly (October 4, 2019). "Bernie Sanders suffered heart attack, has been discharged from hospital". Politico. Archived from the original on October 5, 2019. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  63. ^ Parks, Maryalice; Margolin, Josh; Karson, Kendall (October 2, 2019). "Bernie Sanders hospitalized with chest pain, campaign events canceled". ABC News. Archived from the original on October 2, 2019. Retrieved October 2, 2019.
  64. ^ Ember, Sydney (October 3, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Will Participate in Next Debate, His Campaign Says". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 3, 2019. Retrieved October 3, 2019.
  65. ^ Simonson, Joseph (October 19, 2019). "Sanders New York rally marks largest of primary campaign". Washington Examiner. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  66. ^ Ember, Sydney (December 30, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Is in 'Good Health,' His Doctors Say". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved February 2, 2020.
  67. ^ Ember, Sydney (February 19, 2020). "Sanders Suggests He Won't Release Full Medical Records". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  68. ^ Stracqualursi, Veronica. "Sanders spokeswoman says she misspoke after distorting Bloomberg's health record". CNN. Archived from the original on February 23, 2020. Retrieved February 24, 2020.
  69. ^ Cillizza, Chris; Enten, Harry (February 13, 2020). "Bernie Sanders is the new Democratic front-runner". CNN. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  70. ^ Easley, Jonathan (February 13, 2020). "Sanders builds double-digit national lead: poll". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 13, 2020.
  71. ^ Smiley, David (February 10, 2020). "Anxiety of a Bernie Sanders Democrat ticket begins to spread down the ballot in Miami". Miami Herald. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  72. ^ Peters, Jeremy W.; Stolberg, Sheryl Gay; Kelly, Kate (February 12, 2020). "As Sanders Rises, Some Democrats Are Jittery About Possible Consequences". New York Times. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  73. ^ Wong, Scott; Marcos, Cristina (February 11, 2011). "Vulnerable Democrats fret over surging Sanders". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 15, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  74. ^ Price, Melanye (November 1, 2019). "Opinion | These 7 Million Young People Can Beat Trump". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 23, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  75. ^ Johnson, Martin (February 26, 2020). "Pelosi says she'd be comfortable with Sanders at top of ticket". The Hill. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  76. ^ Coleman, Justine (February 13, 2020). "Sanders calls online harassment 'unacceptable' after allegations from Culinary Union". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 25, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
  77. ^ Rawnsley, Adam; Stein, Sam (February 21, 2020). "Experts Say There's 'No Evidence' for Bernie's Russian Bot Claim". The Daily Beast. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  78. ^ a b Javers, Eamon; Feiner, Lauren (February 20, 2020). "Twitter knocks down Bernie Sanders' suggestion that Russian trolls are behind online attacks from his supporters". CNBC. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  79. ^ a b Barnes, Julian E.; Ember, Sydney (February 21, 2020). "Russia Is Said to Be Interfering to Aid Sanders in Democratic Primaries". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved February 22, 2020.
  80. ^ "Sanders Projected To Win Nevada Caucuses, Solidifying Status As Front-Runner". NPR.org. Archived from the original on February 23, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  81. ^ "'Chaos ... Coming Our Way'-Top Quotes From the Democratic Presidential Debate". The New York Times. Reuters. February 26, 2020. Archived from the original on March 1, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020. Responding to an intelligence report that Russia was trying to help his campaign, Sanders said, "And let me tell Mr. Putin, who interfered in the 2016 election ... hey, Mr. Putin, if I'm president of the United States, trust me, you're not going to interfere in any more American elections.
  82. ^ Burns, Alexander; Martin, Jonathan (February 19, 2020). "Warren Leads an Onslaught of Attacks, Zeroing In on Bloomberg". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  83. ^ Kapur, Sahil; Brewster, Shaquille (February 12, 2020). "Bernie Sanders is now the front-runner. And moderates may be too divided to stop him". NBC. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  84. ^ Krieg, Gregory; Nobles, Ryan; Grayer, Annie (February 18, 2020). "How Bernie Sanders became the Democratic primary's early front-runner". CNN. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  85. ^ Ward, Myah (February 18, 2020). "Sanders surges to double-digit lead in new nationwide poll". Politico. Archived from the original on February 19, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  86. ^ Slisco, Aila (March 4, 2020). "Bernie Sanders says he will drop out if Biden gets plurality coming into Dem convention". Newsweek. Archived from the original on March 5, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  87. ^ Gabbatt, Adam (March 4, 2020). "What is a contested convention? Divided Democrats may face scenario". The Guardian. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  88. ^ Abdalla, Jihan. (March 11, 2020). "Revolution denied: How Sanders's youth movement failed to catch". Al Jazeera website Archived March 12, 2020, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  89. ^ a b Merica, Dan; Bradner, Eric (March 18, 2020). "Sanders responds angrily to reporter when asked about his campaign: 'I'm dealing with a f**king global crisis'". CNN. Archived from the original on March 19, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2020.
  90. ^ McCammond, Alexi (March 18, 2020). "Bernie Sanders suspends his 2020 campaign Facebook ads". Axios. Archived from the original on March 18, 2020. Retrieved March 18, 2020.
  91. ^ Cadelago, Christopher. "Biden sweeps Sanders in Illinois, Florida and Arizona". POLITICO. Archived from the original on March 29, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  92. ^ Trudo, Hunter Woodall|Scott Bixby|Hanna (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Suspends 2020 Presidential Campaign". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  93. ^ Ember, Sydney; Cohn, Nate (February 24, 2020). "Sanders Says He'll Attract a Wave of New Voters. It Hasn't Happened". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on March 4, 2020. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  94. ^ Epstein, Kayla (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders vows to stay on upcoming ballots and continue to gather delegates so he can 'exert significant influence over the party platform'". Business Insider. Archived from the original on April 10, 2020. Retrieved April 10, 2020.
  95. ^ Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Drops Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  96. ^ "Sanders drops out, remains on ballot to press issues important to political agenda". MSNBC. April 8, 2020. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Retrieved April 9, 2020.
  97. ^ Montellaro, Zach; Cadelago, Christopher (June 14, 2019). "DNC, NBC announce first debate lineups". Politico. Archived from the original on June 15, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2019.
  98. ^ Krieg, Gregory (June 28, 2019). "The Bernie Effect: Sanders sets the bar in Democratic health care debate". CNN. Archived from the original on December 17, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  99. ^ Manchester, Julia (July 18, 2019). "Biden, Harris set for second Democratic debate showdown". The Hill. Archived from the original on July 31, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  100. ^ Greenwood, Max; Easley, Jonathan (July 30, 2019). "5 takeaways from combative Democratic debate". The Hill. Archived from the original on December 1, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  101. ^ Flegenheimer, Matt (July 30, 2019). "Bernie Sanders 'Wrote the Damn Bill.' Everyone Else Is Just Fighting About It". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  102. ^ Phillippi, Kyle (January 22, 2020). "'Jeopardy!' Fans Noticed a Sly Bernie Sanders Reference in the Categories During 'Greatest of All Time' Night 3". popculture.com. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on January 27, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  103. ^ Graham, Todd (October 16, 2019). "Debate coach: A star emerged from the Democratic debate". CNN. Archived from the original on October 16, 2019. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  104. ^ Burns, Alexander; Martin, Jonathan (February 19, 2020). "Warren Leads an Onslaught of Attacks, Zeroing In on Bloomberg". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved February 29, 2020.
  105. ^ Bradner, Eric; Merica, Dan (March 16, 2020). "5 takeaways from the Biden vs. Sanders debate". CNN. Archived from the original on March 16, 2020. Retrieved March 16, 2020.
  106. ^ Bradner, Eric; Merica, Dan (March 25, 2020). "Biden says Democrats have 'had enough debates' after Sanders commits to April showdown". CNN. Archived from the original on March 29, 2020. Retrieved March 29, 2020.
  107. ^ Totten, Shay (January 15, 2007). "Sanders to push global warming legislation in Senate". Vermont Guardian. Archived from the original on May 8, 2015. Retrieved August 4, 2009. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-VT, said Monday he was making good on at least one of a handful of campaign promises — introducing a bill designed to cut U.S. contributions to global greenhouse gas emissions in the next decade. ... Sanders added that construction of new power plants is "extraordinarily expensive" and he would prefer to see federal funding support used to expand the development of sustainable energy, as well as biofuels.
  108. ^ Olivia, Rosane (February 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Enters 2020 Race, Promises Own Version of Green New Deal". EcoWatch. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
  109. ^ Seitz-Wald, Alex (November 19, 2015). "Bernie Sanders explains democratic socialism". MSNBC. Archived from the original on March 1, 2019. Retrieved March 3, 2019.
  110. ^ Doughton, Sandi (February 20, 2020). "Rep. Jesus 'Chuy' Garcia endorses Bernie Sanders, will rally Latino voters in Nevada". chicago.suntimes.com. Chicago Sun Times. Archived from the original on February 20, 2020. Retrieved February 20, 2020.
  111. ^ Burke, Michael (February 19, 2019). "Leahy endorses Sanders for president". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  112. ^ Dovere, Edward-Isaac (February 19, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Is the Democratic Front-Runner". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on February 19, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  113. ^ Krieg, Gregory; Grayer, Annie; Zeleny, Jeff; Nobles, Ryan (October 16, 2019). "Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Ilhan Omar to endorse Bernie Sanders, who announces plan to visit Rashida Tlaib in Detroit". CNN. Archived from the original on October 16, 2019. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  114. ^ Ember, Sydney (October 15, 2019). "Ilhan Omar Endorses Bernie Sanders, and Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez Will Do So as Well". The New York Times. Archived from the original on October 16, 2019. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
  115. ^ Kalewold, Kalewold H. (October 19, 2019). "AOC and Ilhan Omar Are Anchors of a Movement". Jacobin. Archived from the original on October 20, 2019. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  116. ^ Nobles, Ryan; Krieg, Gregory (February 14, 2020). "Bill de Blasio endorses Bernie Sanders for president". CNN. Archived from the original on February 14, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  117. ^ Bauer, Scott (January 16, 2020). "Pocan endorses Sanders, giving him a boost in Wisconsin". apnews.com. The Associated Press. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2020.
  118. ^ Frazin, Rachel (August 6, 2019). "Gravel endorses Bernie Sanders after suspending campaign". The Hill. Archived from the original on August 6, 2019. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  119. ^ "Bernie in 2020". ourrevolution.com. Our Revolution. February 19, 2019. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved February 19, 2019.
  120. ^ Brand New Congress [@BrandNew535] (February 19, 2019). "Yes! And when we accomplish that we better have a Congress in place to back that President up! Let's get to work for 2020!" (Tweet). Retrieved February 19, 2019 – via Twitter.
  121. ^ "Youth Climate Group the Sunrise Movement Endorses Bernie Sanders". Democracy Now!. January 9, 2020. Archived from the original on January 9, 2020. Retrieved January 9, 2020.
  122. ^ DeVito, Danny [@DannyDeVito] (February 20, 2019). "Bernie 2020" (Tweet). Retrieved February 20, 2019 – via Twitter.
  123. ^ McCord, Susan (June 17, 2019). "Danny Glover campaigns for Bernie Sanders in Aiken". The Augusta Chronicle. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  124. ^ Axelrod, Tal (February 21, 2020). "Dick Van Dyke endorses Sanders, calls for support from older voters". The Hill. Archived from the original on February 22, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2020.
  125. ^ Lejeune, Tristan (July 17, 2019). "Sanders 'very appreciative' of Cardi B's support". TheHill. Archived from the original on July 20, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
  126. ^ King, Shaun [@shaunking] (February 19, 2019). "YES! I am so glad that @BernieSanders is running. He will energize and engage voters in all 50 states. I've gotten to know and love Bernie over these past few years and he is among the most principled leaders in the world. He makes this race better in so many ways" (Tweet). Retrieved February 19, 2019 – via Twitter.
  127. ^ Bennett, Anita (October 19, 2019). "Michael Moore Endorses Bernie Sanders: It's Time To "Crush" Trump". Deadline. Archived from the original on October 20, 2019. Retrieved October 20, 2019.
  128. ^ Dennis, Owen [@Oweeeeendennis] (February 11, 2020). "Aright look, here's a hard truth, Bernie Sanders needs to be the nom because it's just more fun to do impressions of him. No one likes doing Trump impressions, they leave you tired and sad, but every person's Bernie Sanders impression is pitch perfect and hilarious. Vote Bernie" (Tweet). Retrieved February 22, 2020 – via Twitter.
  129. ^ Heidecker, Tim (January 9, 2020). "Wow. I'm endorsing Bernie Sanders". Medium. Archived from the original on January 16, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  130. ^ McCollum, Brian (January 9, 2020). "Jack White to perform at Bernie Sanders rally in Detroit". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on November 13, 2019. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  131. ^ Mraz, Jason (October 24, 2019). "Look for the Good". jasonmraz.com. Archived from the original on January 19, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  132. ^ "Thanks to Eric Andre for joining our East LA phonebank! Anyone who wants to make calls like Eric can get involved at". January 20, 2020. Archived from the original on April 9, 2020. Retrieved January 27, 2020.
  133. ^ Budryk, Zack (November 20, 2019). "Bernie Sanders, Ariana Grande exchange glowing tweets after concert encounter". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  134. ^ "CNN - Bon Iver's Justin Vernon backs Bernie Sanders". youtube.com. Archived from the original on February 2, 2020. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  135. ^ Joe Rogan Says He's Voting for Bernie, archived from the original on January 28, 2020, retrieved January 31, 2020
  136. ^ Joe Rogan Responds to Bernie Sanders Endorsement Controversy, archived from the original on February 1, 2020, retrieved February 1, 2020
  137. ^ Marans, Daniel (July 10, 2019). "Bernie Sanders Touts New List Of 'Anti-Endorsements'". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on July 10, 2019. Retrieved July 10, 2019.
  138. ^ Saul, Stephanie; Martin, Jonathan (February 12, 2020). "Tom Steyer and Bernie Sanders Got Endorsements From Lawmakers on Their Campaigns' Payroll". New York Times. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  139. ^ Grayer, Annie (February 23, 2020). "Marianne Williamson endorses Bernie Sanders for president". CNN. Archived from the original on February 24, 2020. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  140. ^ Lacy, Akela; Grim, Ryan (March 9, 2020). "The Working Families Party Endorses Bernie Sanders for President". The Intercept. Archived from the original on March 9, 2020. Retrieved March 9, 2020.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

External video
  Bernie Kicks off 2020 Campaign in Brooklyn on YouTube