John Anthony White (né Gillis; born July 9, 1975) is an American musician who served as the lead singer, guitarist and primary songwriter of rock duo the White Stripes. White is widely credited as one of the key artists in the garage rock revival of the 2000s. He has won 12 Grammy Awards, and three of his solo albums have reached number one on the Billboard 200. Rolling Stone ranked him number 32 on its 2023 list of greatest guitarists of all time. David Fricke's 2010 list ranked him at number 17. In 2012, The New York Times called White "the coolest, weirdest and savviest rockstar of our time".
|Birth name||John Anthony Gillis|
|Born||July 9, 1975|
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
|Discography||Jack White discography|
After moonlighting in several underground Detroit bands as a drummer, White founded the White Stripes with fellow Detroit native and then-wife Meg White in 1997. Their 2001 breakthrough album, White Blood Cells, brought them international fame with the single and accompanying music video for "Fell in Love with a Girl". White subsequently began collaborating with artists such as Loretta Lynn and Bob Dylan. In 2005, White founded the Raconteurs with Brendan Benson, and in 2009 founded the Dead Weather with Alison Mosshart of the Kills. In 2008, he recorded "Another Way to Die", the title song for the 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace, alongside Alicia Keys, making them the only duet to perform a Bond theme. White has released five solo studio albums, which have garnered critical and commercial success.
White is a board member of the Library of Congress' National Recording Preservation Foundation. His record label and studio Third Man Records releases vinyl recordings of his own work as well as that of other artists and local school children. His second studio album, Lazaretto (2014), broke the record for most first-week vinyl sales since 1991, holding that record until 2021. White has an extensive collection of guitars and other instruments and has a preference for vintage items that often have connections to famous blues artists. He is a vocal advocate for analog technology and recording techniques.
White has been known to create misdirection about his personal life. He and Meg White married in 1996, but divorced in 2000 before the height of the White Stripes' fame. They then began calling themselves siblings. He was married to model and singer Karen Elson from 2005 to 2013; they have a son and daughter. In 2022, he married musician Olivia Jean. He currently resides in Nashville, Tennessee.
Early life edit
John Anthony Gillis was born in Detroit, Michigan, on July 9, 1975, the youngest of ten children of Teresa (née Bandyk; born 1930) and Gorman M. Gillis. His mother's family was Polish, while his father was Scottish-Canadian. He was raised a Catholic, and both of his parents worked for the Archdiocese of Detroit as the building maintenance superintendent and secretary in the Cardinal's office, respectively. Gillis became an altar boy, which landed him an uncredited role in the 1987 movie The Rosary Murders, filmed mainly at Most Holy Redeemer parish in southwest Detroit. He attended Cass Technical High School in Detroit.
Gillis' early musical influences were his older brothers, who were in a band together called Catalyst, and he learned to play the instruments they abandoned; he began playing the drums in the first grade after finding a kit in the attic. As a child, he was a fan of classical music, but in elementary school, he began listening to the Doors, Pink Floyd, and Led Zeppelin. As a "shorthaired [teenager] with braces", Gillis began listening to the blues and 1960s rock that would influence him in the White Stripes, with Son House and Blind Willie McTell being among his favorite blues guitarists. He has said in interviews that Son House's "Grinnin' in Your Face" is his favorite song of all time. As a drummer, his heroes include Gene Krupa, Stewart Copeland, and Crow Smith from Flat Duo Jets.
In 2005, on 60 Minutes, he told Mike Wallace that his life could have turned out differently. "I'd got accepted to a seminary in Wisconsin, and I was gonna become a priest, but at the last second I thought, 'I'll just go to public school.' I had just gotten a new amplifier in my bedroom, and I didn't think I was allowed to take it with me." Instead, he got accepted into Cass Technical High School as a business major, and played the drums and trombone in the band. At 15, he began a three-year upholstery apprenticeship with a family friend, Brian Muldoon. He credits Muldoon with exposing him to punk music as they worked together in the shop. Muldoon goaded his young apprentice into forming a band: "He played drums", Gillis thought. "Well I guess I'll play guitar then." The two recorded an album, Makers of High Grade Suites, as the Upholsterers.[notes 1]
As a senior in high school, he met Megan White at the Memphis Smoke restaurant where she worked, and they frequented the coffee shops, local music venues, and record stores of the area. After a courtship, they married on September 21, 1996. In a reversal of tradition, he legally took her last name.
After completing his apprenticeship, he started a one-man business of his own, Third Man Upholstery. The slogan of his business was "Your Furniture's Not Dead" and the color scheme was yellow and black—including a yellow van, a yellow-and-black uniform, and a yellow clipboard. Although Third Man Upholstery never lacked business, he claims it was unprofitable due to his complacency about money and his business practices that were perceived as unprofessional, including making bills out in crayon and writing poetry inside the furniture.
Music career edit
Group projects edit
The White Stripes (1997–2011) edit
At 19 years old, Jack had landed his first professional gig as the drummer for the Detroit band Goober & the Peas, and was still in that position when the band broke up in 1996. It was in this band that he learned about touring and performing onstage. After the band's split, he settled into working as an upholsterer by day while moonlighting in local bands, as well as performing solo shows. Though a bartender by trade, Meg began to learn to play the drums in 1997 and, according to Jack, "When she started to play drums with me, just on a lark, it felt liberating and refreshing." The couple became a band, calling themselves the White Stripes, and two months later performed their first show at the Gold Dollar in Detroit.
Despite being married, Jack and Meg publicly presented themselves as siblings. They kept to a chromatic theme, dressing only in red, white, and black. They began their career as part of Michigan's underground garage rock music scene. They played along with and opened for more established local bands such as Bantam Rooster, the Dirtbombs, Two-Star Tabernacle, Rocket 455, and the Hentchmen. In 1998, the White Stripes were signed to Italy Records—a small and independent Detroit-based garage punk label—by Dave Buick. The band released its eponymous debut album in 1999, and a year later the album was followed up by the cult classic, De Stijl. The album eventually peaked at number 38 in Billboard's Independent Albums chart.
In 2001, the band released White Blood Cells. The album's stripped-down garage rock sound drew critical acclaim in the US and beyond, making the White Stripes one of the more acclaimed bands of 2002, and forefront figures in the garage band revival of the time. John Peel, an influential DJ and the band's early advocate in the UK, said they were the most exciting thing he'd heard since Jimi Hendrix. The New York Times said of White, "beneath the arty facade lies one of the most cagey, darkly original rockers to come along since Kurt Cobain." The album was followed up in 2003 by the commercially and critically successful Elephant. The critic at AllMusic wrote that the album "sounds even more pissed-off, paranoid and stunning than its predecessor ... darker and more difficult than White Blood Cells". The album's first single, "Seven Nation Army", became the band's signature song, reaching number one on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart for three weeks, winning the 2004 Grammy Award for Best Rock Song, and becoming an international sporting and protest anthem. The band's fifth album, Get Behind Me Satan, was recorded in White's own home and marked a change in the band's musical direction, with piano-driven melodies and experimentation with marimba and a more rhythm-based guitar playing by White.
The band's sixth album, Icky Thump, was released in 2007, and unlike their previous lo-fi albums, it was recorded in Nashville at Blackbird Studio. The album was regarded as a return to the band's earlier blues and garage-rock sound. It debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200 chart, and entered the UK Albums Chart at number one, selling over 300,000 vinyl copies in England alone. Of his excitement for vinyl, White explained, "We can't afford to lose the feeling of cracking open a new record and looking at large artwork and having something you can hold in your hands." In support of the album, they launched a Canadian tour, in which they played a gig in every one of the country's provinces and territories. However, later that year, the band announced the cancellation of 18 tour dates due to Meg's struggle with acute anxiety. A few days later, the duo canceled the remainder of their 2007 UK tour dates as well.
White worked with other artists in the meantime, but revealed the band's plan to release a seventh album by the summer of 2009. On February 20, 2009—and on the final episode of Late Night with Conan O'Brien—the band made their first live appearance after the cancellation of the tour, and a documentary about their Canadian tour—titled The White Stripes: Under Great White Northern Lights—debuted later that year at the Toronto International Film Festival. However, almost two years passed with no new releases, and on February 2, 2011, the band reported on their official website that they were disbanding. White emphasized that it was not due to health issues or artistic differences, "but mostly to preserve what is beautiful and special about the band".
The Raconteurs (2005–2014, 2018–present) edit
In 2005, while collaborating with Brendan Benson—a fellow Michigan native whom White had worked with before—they composed a song called "Steady, as She Goes". This inspired them to create a full band, and they invited Jack Lawrence and Patrick Keeler of the Greenhornes to join them in what would become the Raconteurs. The musicians met in Benson's home studio in Detroit and, for the remainder of the year, they recorded when time allowed. The result was the band's debut album, Broken Boy Soldiers. Reaching the Top Ten charts in both the US and the UK, it was nominated for Best Rock Album at the 2006 Grammy Awards. The lead single, "Steady, As She Goes" was nominated for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. The Raconteurs set out on tour to support the album, including eight dates as the opening act for Bob Dylan. The group's second album, Consolers of the Lonely, and its first single, "Salute Your Solution", were released simultaneously in 2008. The album reached number seven on the Billboard 200 chart, and received a Grammy nomination for Best Rock Album. The group rebanded to create the new album Help Us Stranger in 2019. This release was followed by a US tour.
The Dead Weather (2009–2015) edit
While on tour to promote Consolers of the Lonely, White developed bronchitis and often lost his voice. Alison Mosshart, the frontwoman for the Kills (who was touring with the Raconteurs at the time) would often fill in as his vocal replacement. The chemistry between the two artists led them to collaborate, and in early 2009, White formed a new group called the Dead Weather. Mosshart sang, White played drums and shared vocal duties, Jack Lawrence of the Raconteurs played bass, and the Queens of the Stone Age keyboardist and guitarist Dean Fertita rounded out the four-piece.
The group debuted a handful of new tracks on March 11, 2009, in Nashville from their debut album Horehound. It came out on July 13, 2009, in Europe and July 14, 2009, in North America on White's Third Man Records label. In October 2009, Mosshart confirmed that the second album was "halfway done", and the first single, "Die by the Drop", was released on March 30, 2010. The new album (again on the Third Man Records label) was titled Sea of Cowards and was released on May 7 of that year in Ireland, on May 10 in the United Kingdom, and on May 11 in the U.S.
Announcement of their third album, Dodge & Burn, was made in July 2015 for a worldwide release in September by Third Man Records. Along with four previously released tracks, remixed and remastered, the album features eight new songs.
Other collaborations edit
Rumors began to circulate in 2003 that White had collaborated with Electric Six for their song "Danger! High Voltage". He and the Electric Six both denied this, and the vocal work was credited officially to John S O'Leary. In subsequent interviews with Chris Handyside, however, Dick Valentine and Corey Martin (Electric Six band members) acknowledged White's involvement and confirmed that he received no payment.
White worked with Loretta Lynn on her 2004 album Van Lear Rose, which he produced and performed on. The album was a critical and commercial success. In 2008, White collaborated with Alicia Keys on the song "Another Way to Die", the theme song for the James Bond film Quantum of Solace. In 2009, Jack White was featured in It Might Get Loud, a film in which he, Jimmy Page, and the Edge come together to discuss the electric guitar and each artist's different playing methods. White's first solo single, "Fly Farm Blues", was written and recorded in 10 minutes during the filming of the movie that August. The single went on sale as a 7-inch vinyl record from Third Man Records and as a digital single available through iTunes on August 11, 2010. In November 2010, producer Danger Mouse announced that White—along with Norah Jones—had been recruited for his collaboration with Daniele Luppi entitled Rome. White provided vocals to three songs on the album: "The Rose with the Broken Neck", "Two Against One", and "The World". White finished and performed the song "You Know That I Know", and it was featured on The Lost Notebooks of Hank Williams, released on October 4, 2011. In that same year, he produced and played on Wanda Jackson's album The Party Ain't Over. To her delight, his studio also released the album on a 7-inch vinyl. White also appeared on AHK-toong BAY-bi Covered, performing a cover of U2's "Love Is Blindness". White has worked with other artists as well, including Beck, the Rolling Stones, Jeff Beck, Bob Dylan, and Insane Clown Posse.
Solo career (2012–present) edit
Blunderbuss (2012) edit
On January 30, 2012, White released "Love Interruption" as the first single off his debut, self-produced solo album, Blunderbuss, which was released on April 24, 2012. The album ultimately debuted number one on the Billboard 200 chart, and in support of the album, he appeared on Saturday Night Live as the musical guest and played at select festivals during the summer of 2012, including the Firefly Music Festival, Radio 1's Hackney Weekend, the Sasquatch! Music Festival, the Fuji Rock Festival in Japan (one of the biggest festivals in the world), and Rock Werchter in Belgium. Later in the year, he headlined Austin City Limits Music Festival. During his tour for the album, White employed two live bands, which he alternated between at random. The first, called the Peacocks, was all female and consisted of Ruby Amanfu, Carla Azar, Lillie Mae Rische, Maggie Björklund, Brooke Waggoner, and alternating bassists Bryn Davies and Catherine Popper. The other, the Buzzards, was all male and consisted of Daru Jones, Dominic Davis, Fats Kaplin, Ikey Owens, and Cory Younts. White said maintaining two bands was too expensive, and abandoned the practice at the conclusion of the tour. Blunderbuss was ultimately nominated for several Grammys, including Album of the Year, Best Rock Album, and Best Rock Song for "Freedom at 21".
Lazaretto (2014) edit
On April 1, 2014, White announced his second solo album, Lazaretto, inspired by plays and poetry he had written as a teen. It was released on June 10, 2014, simultaneously with the first single off the album, "High Ball Stepper". The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 chart and, in a personal triumph for White, broke the record for the largest sales week for a vinyl album since SoundScan began tracking sales in 1991. The album was widely praised among critics, and was nominated for three Grammy Awards: Best Alternative Music Album, as well as Best Rock Song and Best Rock Performance (for the song "Lazaretto"). During the supporting tour, he performed the longest show of his career on July 30, 2014, at the Detroit Masonic Temple, and later performed as one of the headliners at the Coachella Festival over two weekends in April 2015. On April 14, 2015, White announced that the festival would be his last electric set, followed by one acoustic show in each of the five U.S. states he had yet to perform in, before he would be taking a prolonged break from live performances. However, he performed on the inaugural episode of the radio show A Prairie Home Companion with the new host Chris Thile, on October 15, 2016, in support of his compilation album Acoustic Recordings 1998–2016. He co-wrote the song "Don't Hurt Yourself " with Beyoncé on her album Lemonade, and accompanied her on the vocals.
Boarding House Reach (2018) edit
Ahead of his next effort, White worked in isolation and without a cell phone; he rented an apartment in Nashville, recorded quietly so no one would know what he was working on, and slept on an army cot. He drew inspiration from rap artists of the 1980s and 1990s (as well as A Tribe Called Quest, Kanye West, and Nicki Minaj), and chose his backing musicians from talent that played supporting hip hop artists live. On December 12, 2017, he released a four-minute video titled "Servings and Portions from my Boarding House Reach", which featured short sound bites of new music interspersed with white noise. In January 2018, White released "Connected by Love", taken from his third solo album Boarding House Reach, which was released on March 23, 2018. Like its two preceding albums, it landed at number one on the Billboard 200 chart. In promotion of his album, White appeared on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon and on Saturday Night Live as the musical guest, where he played "Over and Over and Over" and "Connected by Love". White released Jack White: Kneeling at The Anthem D.C., his first concert film as a solo artist, on September 21, 2018, exclusively on Amazon Prime Video.
Fear of the Dawn and Entering Heaven Alive (2022) edit
In October 2021, White released "Taking Me Back" – his first solo single since 2018 – which appeared in the game Call of Duty: Vanguard. In November, White revealed that he would release two solo albums in 2022: Fear of the Dawn, which will feature White's traditional rock sound, on April 8, and Entering Heaven Alive, a folk album, on July 22. White also released a video for "Taking Me Back" on November 11. White released 3 more singles from Fear of the Dawn; the title track on January 18, 2022, "Hi-De-Ho" on March 3, and "What's the Trick?" on April 7 (the day before the album released). Each of these singles was backed by a track from Entering Heaven Alive, promoting both albums in tandem. Together, the albums were named the dual number one album of the year by Rough Trade UK.
In December 2021, White announced the Supply Chain Issues Tour, which went on throughout North America and Europe and Asia, reaching a total of 103 shows. It kicked off with its first concert on April 8, 2022, in Detroit, Michigan – during which White proposed to his girlfriend Olivia Jean, with the two marrying onstage – and ended on February 24, 2023, in Aspen, Colorado. The tour covered North America and Europe, and. White performed on Saturday Night Live on February 25, 2023. He played two songs from his Fear of the Dawn album and was presented with a jacket for being a Five-Timer on the show.
Other ventures edit
Film and television work edit
White has also had a minor acting career. He appeared in the 2003 film Cold Mountain as a character named Georgia and performed five songs for the Cold Mountain soundtrack: "Sittin' on Top of the World", "Wayfaring Stranger", "Never Far Away", "Christmas Time Soon Will Be Over" and "Great High Mountain". The 2003 Jim Jarmusch film Coffee and Cigarettes featured both Jack and Meg in the segment "Jack Shows Meg His Tesla Coil". He also played Elvis Presley in the 2007 satire Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story. In 2016, he appeared as a special guest on the season one finale of The Muppets, and sang "You Are the Sunshine of My Life", which he later released on 7-inch vinyl. In June 2017, White appeared in the award-winning documentary film The American Epic Sessions, recording on the first electrical sound recording system from the 1920s. His performances of "Matrimonial Intentions", "Mama's Angel Child", "2 Fingers of Whiskey (with Elton John) and "On the Road Again' and "One Mic" (with Nas) appeared on Music from The American Epic Sessions: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack. He was an executive producer of the film.
Third Man Records edit
White co-founded Third Man Records in 2001 with Ben Swank, formerly of the Ohio-based Soledad Brothers band. However, it was not until after he moved to Nashville that White purchased a space in 2009 to house his label. He explained, "For the longest time I did not want to have my own studio gear, mostly because with the White Stripes I wanted to have the constriction of going into a studio and having a set time of 10 days or two weeks to finish an album, and using whatever gear they happen to have there. After 10 to 15 years of recording like that I felt that it was finally time for me to have my own place to produce music, and have exactly what I want in there: the exact tape machines, the exact microphones, the exact amplifiers that I like, and so on." Using the slogan "Your Turntable's Not Dead", Third Man also presses vinyl records, for the artists on its label, for White's own musical ventures, as well as for third parties for hire.
In March 2015, Third Man joined in the launch of TIDAL, a music streaming service that Jay-Z purchased and co-owns with other major music artists. Later that year, White partnered with the watch manufacturer Shinola to open a retail location in Detroit.
Instruments and equipment edit
White owns many instruments and, historically, has tended to use certain ones for specific projects or in certain settings. He has a preference for vintage guitars, many of which are associated with influential blues artists. Much of his equipment is custom-made, for both technical and aesthetic reasons. White is a proficient guitar, bass, mandolin, percussion and piano player.
During his career with the White Stripes, White principally used three guitars, though he used others as well. The red, "JB Hutto", Airline guitar was a vintage 1964 model originally distributed by Montgomery Ward department store. Though used by several artists, White's attachment to the instrument raised its popularity to the extent that Eastwood Guitars began producing a modified replica around 2000. The 1950s-era Kay Hollowbody was a gift from his brother in return for a favor. It was the same brand of electric guitar made popular by Howlin' Wolf, and White most famously used it on "Seven Nation Army". He began using a 1915 Gibson L-1 acoustic (often called the Robert Johnson model) on the Icky Thump album; in an interview for Gibson, he called the instrument his favorite. He also used a three-pickup Airline Town & Country (later featured in the "Steady As She Goes" music video), a Harmony Rocket, a 1970s-era Crestwood Astral II, and what would become the first of three custom Gretsch Rancher Falcon acoustic guitars. While with the Stripes, any equipment that did not match their red/black/white color scheme was painted red.
On Black Friday in 2013, Third Man Records diversified and launched the Bumble Buzz pedal an octave fuzz built for Third Man by Vancouver, British Columbia's Union Tube and Transistor. In 2014 the pedal was reviewed by Premier Guitar, and is found in Jack's pedal setup.
While the Raconteurs were still in development, White commissioned luthier Randy Parsons to create what White called the Triple Jet—a custom guitar styled after the Duo Jet double-cutaway guitar. Parsons's first product was painted copper color, however he decided to create a second version with a completely copper body, which White began to use instead. For the Raconteurs first tour, White also played a Gretsch Anniversary Jr. with a Bigsby vibrato tailpiece and three Filtertron pickups. He later added a custom Gretsch Anniversary Jr. with two cutaways, a lever-activated mute system, a built-in and retractable bullet microphone, and a light-activated theremin next to the Bigsby. White has dubbed this one the "Green Machine", and it is featured in It Might Get Loud. He sometimes played a Gibson J-160E, a Gretsch Duo Jet in Cadillac Green, and a second Gretsch Rancher acoustic guitar. For the Raconteurs' 2008 tour, he had Analog Man plate all of his pedals in copper. In 2020 White completed his Three-Wheel-Motion Low Rider - which is a highly customized Fender Telecaster B-Bender guitar.
He has since acquired another Gretsch, a custom white "Billy Bo" Jupiter Thunderbird with a gold double pickguard (as seen in the music video for "Another Way to Die"). White found a 1957 Gretsch G6134 White Penguin in 2007 while on tour in Texas—the same one he used in the music video for "Icky Thump"—which ultimately fit in with the Dead Weather's color scheme. He also uses a black left-handed one since the Dead Weather album Sea of Cowards came out. He has also been known to play Fender Telecasters, featuring one in the music video for Loretta Lynn's "Portland, Oregon".
White owns three Gretsch Rancher Falcons because he says that its bass tones make it his favorite acoustic to play live. They are collectively referred to as his "girlfriends", as each one has an image of a classic movie star on the back. Claudette Colbert is the brunette he used while with the Stripes, Rita Hayworth is the redhead he acquired with the Raconteurs, and Veronica Lake is the blonde he added in 2010 while with the Dead Weather.
White uses numerous effects to create his live sound, most notably a DigiTech Whammy WH-4 to create the rapid modulations in pitch he uses in his solos. White also produces a "fake" bass tone by playing the Kay Hollowbody and JB Hutto Montgomery Airline guitars through a Whammy IV set to one octave down for a very thick, low, rumbling sound, which he uses most notably on the song "Seven Nation Army". He also uses an MXR Micro Amp and custom Electro-Harmonix Big Muff Distortion/Sustainer. In 2005, for the single "Blue Orchid", White employed an Electro-Harmonix Polyphonic Octave Generator (POG), which let him mix in several octave effects into one along with the dry signal. He plugs this setup into a 1970s Fender Twin Reverb "Silverface" and two 100-Watt Sears Silvertone 1485 6×10 amplifiers. He also used a 1960s Fender Twin Reverb "Blackface".
On occasion, White also plays other instruments, such as a Black Gibson F-4 mandolin ("Little Ghost"), piano (on most tracks from Get Behind Me Satan, and various others), and an electric piano on such tracks as "The Air Near My Fingers" and "I'm Finding it Harder to be a Gentleman". White also plays percussion instruments such as the marimba (as on "The Nurse"), drums and tambourine. For the White Stripes' 2007 tour, he played a custom-finish Hammond A-100 organ with a Leslie 3300 speaker, which was subsequently loaned to Bob Dylan, and currently resides at Third Man Studios. On the album Broken Boy Soldiers, both he and Benson are credited with playing the album's synths and organ.
With the Dead Weather, White plays a custom Ludwig Classic Maple kit in Black Oyster Pearl. Notably, it includes two-snare drums, which White calls "the jazz canon". For the 2009 Full Flash Blank tour, White used a drum head with the Three Brides of Dracula on the front, but in 2010, White employed a new drum head, upon the release of Sea of Cowards, which has an image of The Third Man himself: Harry Lime attempting to escape certain capture in the sewers of Vienna. During the American leg of the 2010 tour, White switched his drum head again featuring a picture of himself in the guise he wore on the cover of Sea of Cowards. This drum head is called Sam Kay by some fans, referring to the insert inside of the 12" LP.
Minimalist style edit
I love analog because of what it makes you do. Digital recording gives you all this freedom, all these options to change the sounds that you are putting down, and those are for the most part not good choices to have for an artist," and "Mechanics are always going to provide inherent little flaws and tiny little specks and hisses that will add to the idea of something beautiful, something romantic. Perfection, making things perfectly in time and perfectly free of extraneous noise, is not something to aspire to! Why would anyone aspire to such a thing?
White has long been a proponent of analog equipment and the associated working methods. Beginning in the fifth grade, he and his childhood friend, Dominic Suchyta, would listen to records in White's attic on weekends and began to record cover songs on an old four-track reel-to-reel tape machine. The White Stripes' first album was largely recorded in the attic of his parents' home. As their fame grew beyond Detroit, the Stripes became known for their affected innocence and stripped-down playing style. In particular, White became distinguished for his nasal vocal delivery and loose, explosive guitar delivery. In an early New York Times concert review from 2001, Ann Powers said that, while White's playing was "ingenious", he "created more challenges by playing an acoustic guitar with paper taped over the hole and a less-than-high-quality solid body electric".
His home studio in Nashville contains two rooms ("I want everyone close, focused, feeling like we're in it together.") with two pieces of equipment: a Neve mixing console, and two Studer A800 2-inch 8-track tape recorders.
In his introduction in the documentary film, It Might Get Loud, White showcases his minimalist style by constructing a guitar built out of a plank of wood, three nails, a glass Coke bottle, a guitar string, and a pickup. He ends the demonstration by saying, "Who says you need to buy a guitar?" In a 2012 episode of the show, Portlandia, White made a cameo in a sketch spoofing home studio enthusiasts who prefer antique recording equipment.
White has enjoyed both critical and commercial success, and is widely credited as one of the key artists in the garage rock revival of the 2000s. Rolling Stone ranked him number 70 on its 2010 list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". David Fricke's 2011 list ranked him at number 17. He has won twelve Grammy Awards, with 33 nominations, and three solo albums have reached number one on the Billboard charts. Interviewers note the wide breadth of the music styles and eras he draws from for inspiration. In May 2015, the Music City Walk of Fame announced that it would be honoring White (along with Loretta Lynn) with a medallion at its re-opening in Nashville. On February 8, 2017, White was the honoree of the Producers and Engineers Wing of the Recording Academy during the annual Grammy Week celebration for his commitment "to working diligently to ensure that the quality and integrity of recorded music are captured and preserved".
Much has been made of White's "showmanship" and affectations. Since the beginning, critics have debated the "riddle" of White's self-awareness against his claims of authenticity, with people falling on both sides of the issue. Joe Hagan of The New York Times asked in 2001, "Is Mr. White, a 25-year-old former upholsterer from southwest Detroit, concocting this stuff with a wink? Or are the White Stripes simply naïve?" Alexis Petridis, of The Guardian, said that White "makes for an enigmatic figure. Not because he's particularly difficult or guarded, but simply because what he tells you suggests a lifelong penchant for inscrutable behavior." White himself confesses, "Sometimes I think I'm a simple guy, but I think the reality is I'm really complicated, as simple as I wish I was."
Personal life edit
White is protective of his privacy and gives few details of his family life, even going as far as to disseminate false information. He states that he does not consider his personal life relevant to his art, saying "It's the same thing as asking Michelangelo, 'What kind of shoes do you wear?' ... In the end, it doesn't really matter ... the only thing that's going to be left is our records and photos."
His collection of esoterica include Lead Belly's New York City arrest record, James Brown's Georgia driver's license from the 1980s, and a copy of the first Superman comic from June 1938. For $300,000 in January 2015, an online bidder won an auction for Elvis Presley's first recording ever—an acetate of the two cover songs: "My Happiness" and "That's When Your Heartaches Begin". In its edition of March 6, 2015, Billboard magazine announced the buyer had been White. The vinyl record was recorded at Sun Studio in Memphis, Tennessee in the summer of 1953 when Presley was 18 years old.
Jack and Meg married on September 21, 1996, and divorced on March 24, 2000. Jack unusually took Meg's last name, legally changing his surname. After the White Stripes broke up, he mentions he "almost never talks to Meg", adding that she has been solitary.
In 2003, he had a brief relationship with actress Renée Zellweger, whom he met during the filming of Cold Mountain. That summer, the couple were in a car accident in which White broke his left index finger and was forced to reschedule much of the summer tour. He posted the footage of his finger surgery on the web for fans. White and Zellweger's breakup became public in December 2004.
White met British model Karen Elson when she appeared in the White Stripes' music video for "Blue Orchid". They married on June 1, 2005, in Manaus, Brazil. The wedding took place in a canoe on the Amazon River and was officiated by a shaman. A Roman Catholic priest later convalidated their marriage. Manager Ian Montone was the best man and Meg White was the maid of honor. Official wedding announcements stated that "it was the first marriage" for both. In 2006, the couple had a daughter. A son was born in 2007. The family resided in Brentwood, a suburb south of Nashville, where Elson managed a vintage clothing store called Venus & Mars. Elson provided vocals on White's first solo record. The couple announced their intention to divorce in June 2011, throwing "a positive swing bang humdinger" party to commemorate the split. On July 22, 2013, a Nashville judge barred White from having "any contact with Karen Elson whatsoever except as it relates to parenting time with the parties' minor children". A counter-motion was filed on August 2, 2013, stating that "The reason for filing this response is that Mr. White does not want to be portrayed as something he is not, violent toward his wife and children." The divorce was finalized on November 26, 2013. Elson later recanted the charges, attributing the "aggressive" proceedings to her divorce attorneys, and saying "those who gain of a marriage ending helped to create a downward spiral at my most vulnerable." White agreed, saying, "When shitty lawyers are in a situation like divorce, their goal is to villainize." The former couple reportedly remain on good terms.
On April 8, 2022, White played the national anthem for a Detroit Tigers game, then proposed to his girlfriend, Olivia Jean, near the end of a concert performance at the Detroit Masonic Temple, while "Hotel Yorba" was being played. Jean and White were married shortly afterward by White's business partner Ben Swank who officiated on stage.
In October 2016, upon learning that Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump had used the White Stripes song "Seven Nation Army" in video campaign materials, White denounced the presidential candidate and began selling shirts reading "Icky Trump"—a play on the White Stripes song "Icky Thump"—through the Third Man Records website. He publicly endorsed Senator Bernie Sanders for the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries and performed a six-song set at a Sanders event at Cass Technical High School on October 27, 2019. At the rally, White stated that he believes that "Sanders is telling the truth, and I really do trust him". He was drawn in by Sanders' view that the Electoral College should be abolished, also stating at the rally that "I have this silly notion that the person who gets the most votes should be elected" and "[the Electoral College] is the reason we're in the mess we're in now".
On November 20, 2022, White wrote a note to Elon Musk explaining his reason for leaving the Twitter platform, he said, "So you gave Trump his Twitter platform back. Absolutely disgusting, Elon. That is officially an asshole move".
White has been called "eccentric". He is known for creating a mythology around his endeavors; examples include his claim that the Stripes began on Bastille Day, that he and Meg are the two youngest of ten siblings, and that Third Man Records used to be a candy factory. These assertions came into question or were disproven, as when, in 2002, the Detroit Free Press produced copies of both a marriage license and divorce certificate for him and Meg, confirming their history as a married couple. Neither addresses the truth officially, and Jack continues to refer to Meg as his sister in interviews, including in the documentary Under Great White Northern Lights, filmed in 2007. In a 2005 interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Jack alluded to this open secret, implying that it was intended to keep the focus on the music rather than the couple's relationship:
When you see a band that is two pieces, husband and wife, boyfriend and girlfriend, you think, 'Oh, I see ... ' When they're brother and sister, you go, 'Oh, that's interesting.' You care more about the music, not the relationship—whether they're trying to save their relationship by being in a band.
It became hypnotic. This was the minimum amount of staples I could put to hold this fabric down. The number three exemplifies the almost iconic, mysterious perfection that cannot be obtained ... To this day, I still think about it all the time.
-- White, on how seeing three staples on an upholstery piece triggered his affinity for the number three.
He has an attachment to the number three, stemming from seeing three staples in the back of a Vladimir Kagan couch he helped to upholster as an apprentice. His business ventures frequently feature "three" in the title and he typically appends "III" to the end of his name. During the White Stripes 2005 tour in the UK, White began referring to himself as "Three Quid"—"quid" being British slang for pound sterling.
He maintains an aesthetic that he says challenges whether people will believe he is "real". He frequently color-codes his endeavors, such as the aforementioned Third Man Upholstery and the White Stripes, as well as Third Man Records, which is completely outfitted in yellow, black, red, and blue (including staff uniforms). As a taxidermy enthusiast—that correlates to his work as an upholsterer—he decorates his studio in preserved animals, including a peacock, giraffe, and Himalayan goat.
On December 13, 2003, White was involved in an altercation with Jason Stollsteimer, lead singer of the Von Bondies, at the Magic Stick, a Detroit club. White was charged with misdemeanor aggravated assault. He pleaded guilty to the lesser charge of assault and battery, was fined $750 (including court costs), and was sentenced to take anger management classes.
White has repeatedly referenced conflicts that erupted between him and fellow artists in Detroit's underground music scene after the White Stripes gained international success. In a 2006 interview with the Associated Press, he said that he eventually left Detroit because, "he could not take the negativity anymore." However, in an effort to clarify his feelings towards the city of Detroit itself, he wrote and released a poem called "Courageous Dream's Concern". In it, he expresses his affection for his hometown.
I so love your heart that burns
That in your people's body yearns
To perpetuate, and permeate, the lonely dream that does encapsulate,
Your spirit, that God insulates,
With courageous dream's concern
—Excerpt from "Courageous Dream's Concern", as published in the Detroit Free Press
During their 2013 divorce proceedings, Elson entered into evidence an email White had sent her that included disparaging remarks about the Black Keys. When asked about the email in a 2014 Rolling Stone magazine interview, White stood by the remarks saying, "I'll hear TV commercials where the music's ripping off sounds of mine, to the point I think it's me. Half the time, it's the Black Keys." He later apologized for the comments. However, in September 2015, Black Keys drummer Patrick Carney posted a series of tweets alleging that White tried to fight him in a bar. White denied the claim in a statement to the online magazine Pitchfork, saying that Carney should talk to him directly, and not on the internet. The following day, Carney posted a tweet saying, "Talked to jack for an hour he's cool. All good." White tweeted on the Third Man Twitter account, "From one musician to another, you have my respect Patrick Carney."
On February 1, 2015, the University of Oklahoma's newspaper OU Daily ran a story regarding White's show of February 2 at McCasland Field House that included the publication of White's tour rider. The rider, especially the guacamole recipe it included and White's ban of bananas backstage, received some media coverage. It was later reported that in response to the rider's publication White's booking agency, William Morris Endeavor Entertainment, had banned its acts from playing shows at the University of Oklahoma. On February 15, White released an open letter addressed to "journalists and other people looking for drama or a diva" in which he referred to the guacamole recipe as his tour manager's "inside joke with local promoters" and "just something to break up the boredom" and the ban of bananas being alluded to food allergies of an unnamed tour member, while criticizing journalists who wrote about the rider as "out of their element". In the same letter, he forgave OU Daily for publishing the story and reaffirmed his affinity for the state of Oklahoma and his desire to perform there.
White has provided financial support to institutions in his hometown of Detroit. In 2009, White donated almost $170,000 towards the renovation of the baseball diamond in southwest Detroit's Clark Park. The Detroit Masonic Temple was nearly foreclosed on in 2013 after it was revealed that owners owed $142,000 in back taxes. In June 2013, it was revealed that White had footed the entire bill. To thank him for the donation, the temple has decided to rename its second largest theater the Jack White Theater.
The National Recording Preservation Foundation received an inaugural gift of $200,000 from White to use toward restoring and preserving deteriorating sound recordings on media such as reel-to-reel tape and old cylinders. The foundation's director, Eric J. Schwartz said the donation demonstrated a "commitment by a really busy songwriter and performer donating both his time on the board, and money to preserve our national song recording heritage". White also serves on the foundation's board.
In July 2016, White joined Nashville's 45-member Gender Equality Council.
On May 3, 2019, Wayne State University of Detroit, Michigan awarded White with an honorary doctor of humane letters degree "for his dedication to Detroit and significant contributions to the arts as one of the most prolific and renowned artists of the past two decades".
Awards and nominations edit
For his various collaborations and solo work, White has won regional, national and international awards, including twelve Grammy Awards and has been nominated for 33. Nashville mayor Karl Dean awarded White the title of "Nashville Music City Ambassador" in 2011.
Backup band edit
Although a solo artist, White performs with a live band to provide additional instrumentation and vocals.
Current lineup edit
- Dominic Davis – bass, backing vocals
- Daru Jones – drums
- Quincy McCrary – keyboards, samples, synthesizer, organ, backing vocals
Boarding House Reach-era lineup edit
- Carla Azar – acoustic drums, percussion, backing vocals
- Dominic Davis – bass
- Neal Evans – piano, synthesizer, organ, keyboards, electronic drums, backing vocals
- Quincy McCrary – keyboards, samples, backing vocals
Lazaretto-era lineup edit
Lazaretto-era previous members edit
Blunderbuss-era lineup edit
- Note: While on tour in support of Blunderbuss, White toured with two bands that he alternated between shows with.
The Buzzards (all-male band)
The Peacocks (all-female band)
With the White Stripes
With the Raconteurs
With the Dead Weather
- The Rosary Murders (1987) – uncredited altar boy
- Cold Mountain (2003) – Georgia
- Coffee and Cigarettes (2003) – Himself
- Under Blackpool Lights (2004) – Himself
- The Fearless Freaks (2005) – Himself
- Walk Hard: The Dewey Cox Story (2007) – Elvis Presley
- Shine a Light (2008) – Himself
- It Might Get Loud (2009) – Himself
- Mutant Swinger from Mars (2009) – Mikey
- Under Great White Northern Lights (2010) – Himself
- Conan O'Brien Can't Stop (2011) – Himself
- American Pickers (2012) – Himself
- Portlandia, season 3, episode 1 (2012) – Himself
- The Muppets, season 1, episode 16 (2016) – Himself
- American Epic (2017) – Himself
- The American Epic Sessions (2017) – Himself
- Jack White: Kneeling at The Anthem D.C. (2018) – Himself
- Killers of the Flower Moon (2023) – Radio Show Actor
- We're Going to Be Friends (2017) – based on "We're Going to Be Friends" by the White Stripes
- "The 250 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rolling Stone. October 13, 2023. Retrieved October 14, 2023.
- "100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. December 18, 2015. Archived from the original on June 20, 2021. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- Fricke, David (December 3, 2010). "100 Greatest Guitarists: David Fricke's Picks". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. Retrieved July 20, 2021.
- Eells, Josh (April 5, 2012). "Jack Outside the Box". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on July 27, 2022. Retrieved July 27, 2022.
- Fricke, David (September 8, 2005), "White on White", Rolling Stone (982): 66–72. Archived February 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
- Weiner, Jonah (June 5, 2014), "Jack White." Rolling Stone. 1210:52–78.
- Dunn 2009, p. 166.
- Leahey, Andrew. "Jack White | Artist Biography". AllMusic. Archived from the original on December 26, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- "Tom Hanks, Jack White, Courtney Love: July 9 celebrity birthdays". The Orange County Register. July 9, 2016. Archived from the original on January 21, 2023.
- "Jack White Sings a Polish Song to His Mother For Her 88th Birthday at Concert". Billboard. October 10, 2018. Archived from the original on February 7, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2020.
- Medina, Laura (June 14, 2012). "Infographic: The Illustrated Life of Jack White". Paste. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved January 27, 2022.
- (May 31, 2014), "Gorman Gillis: Father of Detroit musician" Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Detroit Free Press. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Male, Andrew (July 2007), "The Mojo Interview". MOJO. (164):48.
- Rayner, Ben (February 21, 2010), "Red, white and new—Seeing sights, wooing strangers", Toronto Star.
- (May 2, 2007), "Roots, childhood fantasies spark cross-Canada White Stripes tour" Archived November 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved October 27, 2014.
- "Jack White's Many Sides". Relevant. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- "Jack White on Cass Tech: 'It does hurt to see your high school boarded up like that'". July 26, 2010. Archived from the original on July 24, 2015. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- "Jack White, Lily Tomlin remember old Cass Tech on NPR's Morning Edition". Archived from the original on July 24, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- McCollum, Brian (September 2003), "Red, White, and Cool", Spin. 19(9):68–74.
- Eells, Josh (April 5, 2012). "Jack Outside the Box" Archived April 29, 2023, at the Wayback Machine, The New York Times. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
- Scaggs, Austin (May 1, 2003), Jack White profile Archived April 29, 2023, at the Wayback Machine (archived). Rolling Stone. (921):16.
- Sullivan 2004, p. 16.
- McCollum, Brian (July 6, 2008), "Exclusive: Read Jack White's poem for Detroit". Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- Simpson, Dave (March 7, 2013). "Jack White on the Mississippi blues artists: 'They changed the world'" Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Kaufman, Peter "Pistol" (September 2009), "The Dead Weather's Jack White". Modern Drummer. :63-66.
- Wallace, Mike (2005). "Choosing Music Over Religion" Archived November 6, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. CBS News. Retrieved January 24, 2006.
- Handyside 2004, p. 14.
- Nunez, Jessica (July 26, 2010), "Jack White on Cass Tech: 'It does hurt to see your high school boarded up like that'" Archived July 24, 2015, at the Wayback Machine mlive.com. Retrieved July 26, 2010.
- Davis Guggenheim (Director) (August 14, 2009). It Might Get Loud. Steel Curtain Pictures (film). United States. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Renshaw, David (February 23, 2016). "Rare vinyl hidden inside a sofa by Jack White discovered in Detroit". NME. Archived from the original on November 17, 2018. Retrieved December 26, 2019.
- Handyside 2004, p. 22.
- Handyside 2004, p. 25.
- Handyside 2004, p. 32.
- Brown, Jake (May 23, 2002), "White Stripes Marriage License" Archived May 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. GloriousNoise.com. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
- Lewis, Tim (May 31, 2014). "Jack White: 'I'm like Larry David, Alan Partridge and Chris Rock in one person'" Archived December 10, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. The Observer. Retrieved August 7, 2014.
- "Second Baby for Jack White and Karen Elson". Efluxmedia.com. Archived from the original on October 25, 2008. Retrieved September 10, 2008.
- de la Manzana, Tobias (May 2003). "Jack White: Your Furniture Is Not Dead" Archived October 19, 2020, at the Wayback Machine The Believer. Retrieved April 12, 2006.
- Handyside 2004, p. 31.
- Klosterman, Chuck (Oct 2002), "The Garage", Spin. 18 (10):64–68.
- Handyside, Chris. "The White Stripes: Biography". All Music. Archived from the original on January 15, 2012. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- Scaggs, Austin, The Music Q&A: Jack White, ProQuest 1196724
- Heaney, Mick (April 28, 2002), "The White Stripes". The Sunday Times.
- Powers, Ann (February 27, 2001), "Pop Review – Intellectualizing the Music Or Simply Experiencing It Archived March 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". Retrieved August 29, 2014.
- Killingsworth, Jason (July 27, 2007). "The White Stripes Play Us a Little Number." Archived March 29, 2019, at the Wayback Machine Paste Magazine. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Stamberg, Susan (June 12, 2002), "Profile: Band The White Stripes". Morning Edition (NPR).
- "Motor City Is Burning". trakMARX.com. Archived from the original on November 22, 2006. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- "White Stripes – De Stijl". Music Stack. Archived from the original on November 20, 2007. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
- Hoard, Christian (2004). "White Stripes Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on October 28, 2008. Retrieved October 23, 2008.
- Cameron, Keith (March 28, 2003), "The sweetheart deal" Archived December 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine, theguardian.com. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- Hagan, Joe (August 12, 2001), "Hurling Your Basic Rock at the Arty Crowd Archived March 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
- "BPI". British Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved January 17, 2008.
- Fricke, David (March 25, 2003). "Elephant: White Stripes – Review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 6, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "The White Stripes: Elephant (2003): Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on August 4, 2008. Retrieved August 30, 2008.
- Phares, Heather. "Elephant – Review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on April 29, 2023. Retrieved August 30, 2008.
- Wilkinson, Alec (March 13, 2017), "Jack White's Infinite Imagination" Archived February 23, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. The New Yorker. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- Salem-Mackall, Theo (July 1, 2014). "16 'Seven Nation Army' Covers: From the Flaming Lips to the World Cup" Archived November 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Spin. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
- Goodman, Amy (February 1, 2011), "Mubarak is Our Berlin Wall": Egyptian Columnist Mona Eltahawy on How the Youth Drove the Uprising in Cairo and Implications for Democracy in the Region" Archived October 10, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Democracy Now!. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- Petridis, Alexis (April 13, 2012), "Jack White: 'I don't like to take the easy way out, on anything I do'" Archived March 7, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, The Guardian. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Pastorek, Whitney (May 25, 2007), "Changing Their Stripes." Entertainment Weekly. (935):40-44.
- (November 15, 2007). Rolling Stone. 1039:150.
- "The White Stripes – Icky Thump global chart positions and trajectories" Archived October 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. aCharts. us. Retrieved June 30, 2007.
- (September 12, 2007), "White Stripes shelve US concerts" Archived August 2, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. BBC. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- (September 13, 2007), "The White Stripes cancel UK tour" Archived March 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. BBC. Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- "Meg White Surprises With Raconteurs In Detroit" Archived February 23, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Billboard Retrieved June 9, 2008.
- "Wilmington Blogs:Pulp Culture | The News Journal". Delaware Online. February 11, 2009. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "The White Stripes". White Stripes official website. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- "Jack White discusses The Dead Weather" Archived November 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, abc.net.au. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
- Hill, Amelia (February 2, 2011). "White Stripes have finally split, band members tell fans". The Guardian. Archived from the original on October 16, 2014. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
- (October 4, 2012), "Jack White Visits The Gramnmy Museum" Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine, National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- (July 20, 2009), "The Dead Weather". People. 72 (3):42.
- Ayers, Michael (March 12, 2009), "Jack White Forms The Dead Weather". Billboard. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- "Horehound" Archived June 10, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Last.fm. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- (June 5, 2009), "Jack White's Got the Dirty Blues." Evening Standard. :39.
- Cochrane, Greg (October 16, 2009). "New Dead Weather LP 'half done'" Archived February 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. BBC. Retrieved November 20, 2014.
- Dombal, Ryan (March 25, 2010) "The Dead Weather Reveal Details of New Album Sea of Cowards" Archived March 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine. Pitchfork Media. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Thompson, Stephen (May 2, 2010) "First Listen: The Dead Weather, 'Sea Of Cowards'" Archived September 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, NPR.org. Retrieved March 16, 2015.
- Ayers, Mike (July 6, 2015), "Jack White's Dead Weather Returns With Third Album 'Dodge & Burn'" Archived August 12, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Laurence, Alexander (August 2003), "Electric Six Interview" Archived March 19, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Free Williamsburg. Retrieved May 17, 2006.
- Handyside 2004, p. 182.
- Collective editor (2002). "Detroit funk-rock to set the disco on fire" Archived February 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine BBC. Retrieved May 17, 2006.
- Handyside 2004, p. 180.
- Greenblatt, Leah (April 15, 2011), "Catching Up With Jack White." Entertainment Weekly. 1150:88.
- Cieply, Michael (September 8, 2008), "All Ears on Screen: Music Plays Major Role at Toronto Festival" Archived June 30, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times. 157:54,427(1)
- Lyda, Mark (August 13, 2009), "Jack White Writes and Performs Song in Ten Minutes" Archived November 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. PrefixMag.com. Retrieved November 7, 2014.
- "Danger Mouse Recruits Jack White for New Project". Spin. November 8, 2010. Archived from the original on November 12, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
- "Danger Mouse's Jack White-starring 'Rome' album out in May". NME. February 10, 2011. Archived from the original on June 28, 2011. Retrieved May 3, 2011.
- Inskeep, Steve (January 25, 2011), "Wanda Jackson: Her Party Ain't Over". Morning Edition.
- "(Ahk-Toong Bay-Bi) Covered – Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on March 14, 2016. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
- "For The Record: Quick News On White Stripes, Ween, Bjork, 'Gilmore Girls,' Jake Gyllenhaal & More – Music, Celebrity, Artist News". MTV. August 30, 2002. Archived from the original on January 7, 2006. Retrieved October 31, 2011.
- "Jack White to release first solo album". The Silver Tongue. Archived from the original on February 1, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
- Flotat, Raymond (June 1, 2012). "Ferocious: Jack White and The Peacocks Live at The Wiltern Theatre Los Angeles 5/31/12" Archived November 3, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. MXDWN.com. Retrieved November 4, 2014.
- "Tweeting at Jack White Shows". Third Man Records. Archived from the original on December 27, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- The Culture. Feeney, Nolan; Lansky, Sam. Time. June 16, 2014, Vol. 183 Issue 23, p47.
- Caulfield, Keith (June 28, 2014), "Jack White's Vinyl Victory", Billboard 126 (21):55.
- "Jack White Plays Longest Set of His Career, Reunites with Dead Weather Bandmates". Jambands.com. July 31, 2014. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved August 31, 2014.
- (April 6, 2015), "Get your summer music fest on", USA Today: Life, page 2D.
- (April 14, 2015), "April 14 at 11:04am" Archived April 3, 2019, at the Wayback Machine. Facebook. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- Roberts, Randall (April 19, 2015), "Coachella 2015: Jack White bids farewell, Kanye West says hello in week 2" Archived March 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine, latimes.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015.
- (October 13, 2016), "A Prairie Home Companion Season Premiere This Weekend". Business Wire. American Public Media.
- Harper, Simon (April 9, 2018). "Ideas In Harmony: Jack White Interviewed". Clash Magazine. Archived from the original on July 10, 2018. Retrieved July 10, 2018.
- Britton, Luke Morgan (December 12, 2017). "Jack White shares new music in bizarre 'Servings and Portions from my Boarding House Reach' video". NME. Archived from the original on January 17, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Bartleet, Larry (January 11, 2018). "Jack White has it both ways on new tracks 'Connected by Love' and 'Respect Commander'". NME. Archived from the original on January 11, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Russell, Scott (January 12, 2018). "Jack White Details Boarding House Reach". Paste. Archived from the original on January 13, 2018. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- "Jack White on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon". NBC. Archived from the original on April 30, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- "Watch Jack White Play Wedding Band Guitarist in 'SNL' Sketch". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 30, 2018. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
- "Jack White: Kneeling at the Anthem D.C. Out Now". Archived from the original on March 2, 2019. Retrieved March 10, 2019.
- Young, Alex (October 18, 2021). "Jack White Unleashes New Single "Taking Me Back": Stream". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on April 8, 2022. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
- Condon, Dan (January 14, 2022). "Jack White will release two very different albums in 2022 — hear a sample from both". Double J. Archived from the original on January 15, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
- Graves, Wren; Young, Alex (November 11, 2021). "Jack White Releasing Two New Albums in 2022". Consequence of Sound. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
- "UK Albums of the Year 2022". Rough Trade. November 15, 2022. Archived from the original on December 30, 2022. Retrieved February 10, 2023.
- Monroe, Jazz (January 9, 2022). "Jack White Announces 2022 Tour". Pitchfork. Archived from the original on December 10, 2021. Retrieved December 10, 2021.
- "Jack White Concert Map by tour: Supply Chain Issues Tour | setlist.fm". www.setlist.fm. Retrieved October 19, 2023.
- "Jack White performs at The Masonic Temple". The Detroit News. Retrieved October 19, 2023.
- "Jack White announces final dates of Supply Chain Issues tour – 98KUPD – Arizona's Real Rock". 98KUPD - Arizona's Real Rock. January 11, 2023. Retrieved October 19, 2023.
- Kreps, Daniel (February 26, 2023). "Jack White Joins the 'SNL' Five-Timers Club With Electrifying Performances". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 3, 2023. Retrieved March 2, 2023.
- Abramovich, Alex (January 19, 2004). "Curator Rock". Slate. ISSN 1091-2339. Archived from the original on April 5, 2023. Retrieved April 5, 2023.
- "The White Stripes on Coffee and Cigarettes". ComingSoon.net. May 12, 2004. Archived from the original on April 4, 2023. Retrieved April 5, 2023.
- "The moment Jack White made a cameo as Elvis Presley". faroutmagazine.co.uk. June 28, 2022. Archived from the original on April 5, 2023. Retrieved April 5, 2023.
- Sullivan, James. "Elvis evolution: From Kurt Russell to Jack White, here are some of the actors who've stepped into the King's (blue suede) shoes". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on April 5, 2023. Retrieved April 5, 2023.
- Blistein, Jon (March 1, 2016), "See Jack White Sing 'You Are the Sunshine of My Life' With the Muppets" Archived April 29, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 29, 2017.
- "The Long-Lost, Rebuilt Recording Equipment That First Captured the Sound of America". WIRED. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- "'American Epic': Inside Jack White and Friends' New Roots-Music Doc". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 30, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
- (May 24, 2012). "Jack White's Third Man Records Has Sold Over 600,000 Pieces of Vinyl" Archived October 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. MTVHive.com. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Jack White proposes, gets married during show at Masonic Temple". wxyz.com. April 8, 2022. Archived from the original on April 9, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
- Tingen, Paul (2012), "Jack & White Vision" Archived March 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Tingen.org. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Marc Maron (June 8, 2012). "Jack White Archived May 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine". WTF With Marc Maron. Season 2. Episode 289. 31:24 minutes in.
- Sisario, Ben (March 31, 2015), Jay Z Enters Streaming Music With Artist-Owned Service" Archived April 29, 2023, at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times. :B1.
- Breihan, Tom (March 30, 2015), "Jay Z's Tidal Streaming Service Launches With Blue Avatars From Kanye West, Arcade Fire, Daft Punk, Third Man, & Others" Archived July 8, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. Stereogum. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
- Doerr, Elizabeth (June 2, 2015), "Jack White And Shinola Purchase Flagship Building in Detroit's Cass Corridor" Archived April 29, 2023, at the Wayback Machine. Forbes. Retrieved July 14, 2015.
- Robinson, Mike (April 14, 2014), "A Brief History Of Jack White's Guitar Collection" Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. MyRareGuitars.com. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- Leslie, Jimmy (September 9, 2010), "Jack White Mega Sonic On The Sounds That Drive The White Stripes Raconteurs and Dead Weather" Archived March 12, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Guitar Player. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- (September 19, 2014), "Jack White's Guitars and Gear" Archived October 24, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. GroundGuitar.com. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- "Jack White" Archived October 26, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Equipboard.com. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Hardware & Pedals". Third Man Records – Official Store. Archived from the original on October 24, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
- "Third Man Bumble Buzz Review". Premier Guitar. March 20, 2014. Archived from the original on October 22, 2022. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
- "Jack's Raconteurs pedalboard setup. (Credit to Union Tube & Transistor)". r/jackwhite. July 21, 2019. Archived from the original on October 24, 2022. Retrieved October 22, 2022.
- Volpe Rotondi, James (June 9, 2022). "Take a Close Look at Jack White's Insanely Cool Pedalboard". Guitar Player. Archived from the original on October 24, 2022. Retrieved October 24, 2022.
- McKenzie, Thomas Scott (August 1, 2010), Parsons Guitars Archived March 4, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Premier Guitar. Retrieved November 13, 2014.
- (November 11, 2009). "Jack White's Pedalboards: From White Stripes to The Dead Weather" Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. DolphinMusic.co.uk. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
- "Jack White explains insane guitar details he's been putting together for years". Rolling Stone, LLC. November 16, 2020. Archived from the original on November 8, 2022. Retrieved April 9, 2022.
- "Jack White's unlikely new favourite guitar? The EVH Wolfgang". MusicRadar. Archived from the original on November 27, 2018. Retrieved November 27, 2018.
- Ratliff, Ben (April 21, 2003), "Rock Review: Contradictory and Proud of It" Archived June 21, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2006.
- "Services: Custom Finishes" Archived November 20, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. B3Guys.com. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- (December 17, 2012). "Jack White Magically Appears in 'Portlandia'" Archived August 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
- "Jack White". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- "100 Greatest Guitarists: Jack White". Rolling Stone. December 3, 2010. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved March 3, 2012.
- "Jack White". May 22, 2018. Archived from the original on March 29, 2019. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- Boilen, Bob (May 20, 2014). "Jack White's 'Lazaretto': The All Songs Interview" Archived April 20, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. NPR. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- Van Nguyen, Dean (May 14, 2015), "Jack White and Loretta Lynn to be inducted into Nashville's Walk of Fame" Archived April 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. NME. Retrieved May 14, 2015.
- "Jack White To Be Honored During Grammy Week" (Press release). Grammy.com. October 20, 2016. Archived from the original on March 7, 2017. Retrieved March 6, 2017.
- Payne, Chris (March 5, 2015). "Billboard Cover Sneak Peek: 5 Behind-the-Scenes Secrets at Jack White's Third Man Records" Archived April 30, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, Billboard. Retrieved March 6, 2015.
- Hiatt, Brian (March 12, 2018). "Can Jack White Change His Stripes?". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on March 29, 2018. Retrieved July 23, 2018.
- "Jack White Says He "Almost Never" Talks to "Hermit" Meg White, Says She Wasn't Supportive During the White Stripes". Pitchfork. May 23, 2014. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
- Brown, Jake (June 9, 2002), "White Stripes Divorce Certificate" Archived August 26, 2019, at archive.today. GloriousNoise.com. Retrieved December 11, 2007.
- Devenish, Colin; Swanson, David; Tsang, Teri. (August 7, 2003), "IN THE NEWS". Rolling Stone (928):22.
- Miller, Kirk (September 4, 2003), "White Under the Knife", Rolling Stone (930): 48.
- "White-Out for Renee". MSN. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2013.
- "06.02.05" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine TheWhiteStripes.com. Retrieved June 1, 2006.
- (May 4, 2006), "Jack's Baby Oxymoron: Scarlett White" Archived July 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Spin. Retrieved December 12, 2014.
- AP (August 8, 2007). "White Stripes' couple welcome baby boy". CNN.com. Archived from the original Archived November 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved September 11, 2007.
- Flippo, Chet (April 6, 2006), "Nashville Skyline: When Country Goes Pop" Archived May 23, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved November 7, 2008.
- Lo, Danica (June 24, 2010), "Venus and Mars: Supermodel Karen Elson's Vintage Boutique" Archived April 2, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Racked.com. Retrieved March 13, 2015.
- O'Neal, Sean (2011). "Jack White and Karen Elson throw themselves a divorce party". AVClub.com. Archived from the original on August 25, 2011. Retrieved October 4, 2011.
- Orloff, Brian (June 10, 2011). "Jack White & Karen Elson Are Divorcing – and Throwing a Party" Archived February 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. People. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
- Gold, Adam (August 1, 2013). "Karen Elson Granted Restraining Order Against Jack White". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Gold, Adam (August 2, 2013), "Jack White Fires Back at Karen Elson in Court" Archived June 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 6, 2013.
- "Judge finalizes divorce of Jack White, Karen Elson". Yahoo.com. 2013. Archived from the original on December 16, 2013. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
- "The White Stripes "Disgusted" by Donald Trump "Seven Nation Army" Video". Pitchfork. October 4, 2016. Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- "The White Stripes Selling "Icky Trump" T-Shirts". Pitchfork. October 6, 2016. Archived from the original on November 29, 2016. Retrieved December 1, 2016.
- Graff, Gary (October 27, 2019). "Jack White Supports Bernie Sanders at Detroit Rally: 'I Really Do Trust Him'". Billboard. Archived from the original on November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
- Mier, Tomás (November 21, 2022). "All the Celebrities Who've Quit Twitter Because of Elon Musk". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on November 23, 2022. Retrieved November 23, 2022.
- Various sources:
- Richards, Chris (July 15, 2010), "Jack White, storming ahead of the Dead Weather" The Washington Post
- Brown, David (June 5, 2005). "Get Behind Me Satan (2005)" Archived October 12, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved November 2, 2007.
- N.A. (June 21, 2007), "Thump It Up; The White Stripes Return to Hard-Rocking Blues on Icky Thump – Possibly the Best Rock Album of the Year". The Record.
- Graff, Gary (July 29, 2014). "Concert Review: Jack White goes for the long haul at Detroit's Fox Theatre" Archived August 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. The Oakland Press. Retrieved July 31, 2014.
- Sinclair, David (August 7, 2001), "Genuine trendy success without trying". The Times.
- (March 20, 2010) "New Music", Winnipeg Free Press. page C4.
- Frampton, Scott (July 2007), "Jack & Meg White" Archived July 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Esquire. 148 (1):118-119.
- (November 6, 2005), "Jack White changes his name" Archived November 24, 2005, at the Wayback Machine NME. com. Retrieved November 7, 2005.
- (December 15, 2003). "White Stripes Frontman In Motor City Fracas" Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. The Smoking Gun. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- No byline (March 11, 2004), "Von Bondies Speak Out Over Jack White Court Case" Archived August 21, 2014, at the Wayback Machine NME. Retrieved November 28, 2007.
- (December 23, 2003). "White Striper Charged With Assault" Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. The Smoking Gun. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
- (July 7, 2008), "Pricey platters donated to school". Toronto Star.
- Hall, Kristin M. (August 2, 2013), "Jack White denies threatening estranged wife in contentious divorce filings". The Canadian Press.
- Talbott, Chris (May 31, 2014), "Jack White issues apology to Black Keys and others, explains comments that drew criticism". The Canadian Press.
- Brodsky, Rachel (September 14, 2015), "The Black Keys' Patrick Carney Claims Jack White Tried to Fight Him in a Bar" Archived November 13, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Spin. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Monroe, Jazz (September 14, 2015), "The Black Keys' Patrick Carney Says Jack White Tried to Fight Him in a Bar, White Denies It" Archived January 29, 2020, at the Wayback Machine. Pitchfork. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- Pollard, Alexandra (September 15, 2015), "Patrick Carney Backtracks After Accusing Jack White of Trying to Fight Him." Archived October 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine Gigwise. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
- "Jack White concert costs OU over $80,000". OUDaily.com. February 2015. Archived from the original on May 5, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "For Musician Jack White, Any Old Guacamole Just Won't Do". NPR.org. Archived from the original on March 31, 2018. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Jack White's Booking Agency Blacklists University of Oklahoma After College Paper Prints His Contract, Guacamole Recipe". Pitchfork. February 6, 2015. Archived from the original on February 1, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- "Jack White: Guacamole Recipe Was 'Inside Joke' | Billboard". Billboard. Archived from the original on January 23, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2016.
- Nunez, Jessica (September 10, 2009). "Jack White revealed as donor for southwest Detroit Clark Park renovations" Archived October 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 29, 2014.
- Gallagher, John (June 4, 2013). "Mystery solved: Jack White paid Masonic Temple back taxes, theater to be renamed". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- "Jack White pays Detroit Masonic Temple's tax bill Detroit". Associated Press. June 4, 2013. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- O'Neal Parker, Lonnae (July 28, 2013), "Jack White's gift boosts launch of National Recording Preservation Foundation". Archived July 18, 2017, at the Wayback Machine The Washington Post. Retrieved October 9, 2014.
- ""Board and Staff". RecordingPreservation.org. Retrieved October 10, 2014". Archived from the original on October 19, 2014. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- "Jack White to serve on Megan Barry's new gender equity council". Tennessean.com. July 13, 2016. Archived from the original on April 29, 2023. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
- Barnard, Matt (August 8, 2019). "From ruins to Tulsa icon: The story behind the famous Outsiders House". Tulsa World. Archived from the original on April 17, 2022. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
- "Jack White receives his honorary doctorate from Wayne State: 'absolutely incredible'". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
- Paulson, Dave (April 16, 2011), "Jack White earns Music City Ambassador Award, welcomes Jerry Lee Lewis". The Tennessean. Retrieved May 8, 2011.
Further reading edit
- Dunn, Brad (2009). When They Were 22: 100 Famous People at the Turning Point in Their Lives. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7407-8681-5.
- Handyside, Chris (2004). Fell in Love with a Band: The Story of The White Stripes. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0-312-33618-9.
- Sullivan, Denise (2004). White Stripes – Sweethearts of the Blues. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-1-61780-227-0.