Open main menu

Loretta Lynn (née Webb; born April 14, 1932)[1] is an American country music singer-songwriter with multiple gold albums in a career spanning almost 60 years. She is famous for hits such as "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)", "Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)", "One's on the Way", "Fist City", and "Coal Miner's Daughter" along with the 1980 biographical film of the same name.

Loretta Lynn
Loretta Lynn SXSW 2016 -8842 (33197871691).jpg
Lynn performing in Austin, Texas in 2016.
Background information
Birth nameLoretta Webb
Born (1932-04-14) April 14, 1932 (age 87)
Butcher Hollow, Kentucky, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer-songwriter
  • author
  • commercial spokesperson
  • actress
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • guitar
Years active1960–present
Labels
Associated acts
Websitewww.lorettalynn.com

Lynn has received numerous awards and other accolades for her groundbreaking role in country music, including awards from both the Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music as a duet partner and an individual artist. She is the most awarded female country recording artist and the only female ACM Artist of the Decade (1970s). Lynn has sold more than 45 million albums worldwide, scored 24 No. 1 hit singles, and 11 number one albums. Lynn continues to tour, appear at the Grand Ole Opry and release new albums. She is recognized by the strength and quality of her voice still today, as well as her down to earth, quick wit and humor.

Contents

Early yearsEdit

Lynn was born Loretta Webb on April 14, 1932, in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky. She is the eldest daughter and second child born to Clara Marie "Clary" (née Ramey; May 5, 1912 – November 24, 1981) and Melvin Theodore "Ted" Webb (June 6, 1906 – February 22, 1959). Ted was a coal miner and subsistence farmer.[2] She was named after the film star Loretta Young.[3] The other Webb children:

  • Melvin "Junior" Webb (December 4, 1929 – July 1, 1993)
  • Herman Webb (September 3, 1934 – July 28, 2018)
  • Willie "Jay" Lee Webb (February 12, 1937 – July 31, 1996)
  • Donald Ray Webb (April 2, 1941 – October 13, 2017)
  • Peggy Sue Wright (née Webb; born March 25, 1943)
  • Betty Ruth Hopkins (née Webb; born 1946)
  • Crystal Gayle (born Brenda Gail Webb; January 9, 1951)

Loretta's father died at the age of 52 of black lung disease a few years after he relocated to Wabash, Indiana, with his wife and younger children.

Through her matriline, Lynn is a cousin to country singer Patty Loveless (née Ramey), and also to Venus Ramey, Miss America of 1944.

Path to stardomEdit

On January 10, 1948, 15-year-old Loretta Webb married Oliver Vanetta "Doolittle" Lynn (August 27, 1926 – August 22, 1996), better known as "Doolittle", "Doo", or "Mooney".[4] They had met only a month earlier.[1] The Lynns left Kentucky and moved to the logging community of Custer, Washington, when Loretta was seven months pregnant with the first of their six children.[2] The happiness and heartache of her early years of marriage would help to inspire Lynn's songwriting.[5] In 1953, Doolittle bought her a $17 Harmony guitar.[6] She taught herself to play the instrument, and over the following three years, she worked to improve her guitar playing. With Doolittle's encouragement, she started her own band, Loretta and the Trailblazers, with her brother Jay Lee playing lead guitar. She often appeared at Bill's Tavern in Blaine, Washington, and the Delta Grange Hall in Custer, Washington, with the Pen Brothers' band and the Westerneers. She cut her first record, "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl", in February 1960.[7]

She became a part of the country music scene in Nashville in the 1960s. In 1967, she had the first of 16 No. 1 hits, out of 70 charted songs as a solo artist and a duet partner.[8] Her later hits include "Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)", "You Ain't Woman Enough", "Fist City", and "Coal Miner's Daughter".[9]

Lynn focused on blue-collar women's issues with themes about philandering husbands and persistent mistresses. Her music was inspired by issues she faced in her marriage. She pushed boundaries in the conservative genre of country music by singing about birth control ("The Pill"), repeated childbirth ("One's on the Way"), double standards for men and women ("Rated 'X'"), and being widowed by the draft during the Vietnam War ("Dear Uncle Sam").[10]

Country music radio stations often refused to play her music, banning nine of her songs, but Lynn pushed on to become one of country music's legendary artists.

Her best-selling 1976 autobiography, Coal Miner's Daughter, was made into an Academy Award–winning film of the same title in 1980, starring Sissy Spacek and Tommy Lee Jones. Spacek won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her role as Lynn. Her album Van Lear Rose, released in 2004, was produced by the alternative rock musician Jack White. Lynn and White were nominated for five Grammys and won two.[11][12]

Lynn has received numerous awards in country and American music. She was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1983, the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988, and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2008, and she was honored in 2010 at the Country Music Awards. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama in 2013.[13] Lynn has been a member of the Grand Ole Opry since joining on September 25, 1962. Her debut appearance on the Grand Ole Opry was on October 15, 1960. Lynn has recorded 70 albums, including 54 studio albums, 15 compilation albums, and one tribute album,[14][unreliable source?] and more than 48 million of her albums have been sold worldwide in her career.[15][citation needed]

Music careerEdit

1960–1966: Early country successEdit

Lynn began singing in local clubs in the late 1950s. She later formed her own band, the Trailblazers, which included her brother Jay Lee Webb. Lynn won a wristwatch in a televised talent contest in Tacoma, Washington, hosted by Buck Owens. Lynn's performance was seen by Canadian Norm Burley of Zero Records, who co-founded the record company after hearing Loretta sing.[16]

Zero Records president, Canadian Don Grashey, arranged a recording session in Hollywood, where four of Lynn's compositions were recorded, including "I'm A Honky Tonk Girl", "Whispering Sea", "Heartache Meet Mister Blues", and "New Rainbow". Her first release featured "Whispering Sea" and "I'm a Honky Tonk Girl". Lynn signed her first contract on February 2, 1960, with Zero. Her album was recorded at United Western Recorders in Hollywood, engineered by Don Blake and produced by Grashey.[17][18] Musicians who played on the songs were steel guitar player Speedy West,[19] fiddler Harold Hensely, guitarist Roy Lanham, Al Williams on bass, and Muddy Berry on drums.[20] Lynn commented on the different sound of her first record: "Well, there is a West Coast sound that is definitely not the same as the Nashville sound ... It was a shuffle with a West Coast beat".[19]

The Lynns toured the country to promote the release to country stations,[16] while Grashey and Del Roy took the music to KFOX in Long Beach, California.[18] When the Lynns reached Nashville, the song was a hit, climbing to No. 14 on Billboard's Country and Western chart, and Lynn began cutting demo records for the Wilburn Brothers Publishing Company. Through the Wilburns, she secured a contract with Decca Records.[16] The first Loretta Lynn Fan Club formed in November 1960. By the end of the year, Billboard magazine listed Lynn as the No. 4 Most Promising Country Female Artist.[21]

Lynn's relationship with the Wilburn Brothers and her appearances on the Grand Ole Opry, beginning in 1960,[22] helped Lynn become the No. 1 female recording artist in country music. Her contract with the Wilburn Brothers gave them the publishing rights to her material. She unsuccessfully fought the Wilburn Brothers for 30 years to regain the publishing rights to her songs after ending her business relationship with them. Lynn stopped writing music in the 1970s because of the contracts. Lynn joined The Grand Ole Opry on September 25, 1962.[2]

Lynn has credited Patsy Cline as her mentor and best friend during her early years in music. In 2010, when interviewed for Jimmy Mcdonough's biography of Tammy Wynette, Tammy Wynette: Tragic Country Queen, Loretta said of having best friends in Patsy and Tammy during different times: "Best friends are like husbands. You only need one at a time."[citation needed]

Lynn released her first Decca single, "Success," in 1962, and it went straight to No. 6, beginning a string of top 10 singles that would run throughout the 1970s. Lynn began to regularly hit the Top 10 after 1964 with songs such as "Before I'm Over You", which peaked at No. 4, followed by "Wine, Women and Song," which peaked at No. 3. In late 1964, she recorded a duet album with Ernest Tubb. Their lead single, "Mr. and Mrs. Used to Be", peaked within the Top 15. Together, the pair recorded two more albums, "Singin' Again" (1967) and "If we Put Our Heads Together" (1969). In 1965, her solo career continued with three major hits, "Happy Birthday", "Blue Kentucky Girl" (later recorded and made a Top 10 hit in the 1970s by Emmylou Harris), and "The Home You're Tearing Down". Lynn's label issued two albums that year, "Songs from My Heart" and "Blue Kentucky Girl".[23]

Lynn's first self-penned song to crack the Top 10, 1966's "Dear Uncle Sam", was among the very first recordings to recount the human costs of the Vietnam War.[2] Her 1966 hit "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)" made Lynn the first country female recording artist to pen a No. 1 hit.[24]

1967–1980: Breakthrough successEdit

In 1967, Lynn reached No. 1 with "Don't Come Home A-Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)",[25] and became one of the first albums by a female country artist to reach sales of 500,000 copies.[26]

Lynn's next album, Fist City, was released in 1968. The title track became Lynn's second No. 1 hit, as a single earlier that year, and the other single from the album, "What Kind of a Girl (Do You Think I Am)", peaked within the top 10. In 1968, her next studio album, Your Squaw Is on the Warpath, spawned two Top 5 Country hits, including the title track and "You've Just Stepped In (From Stepping Out on Me)". In 1969, her next single, "Woman of the World (Leave My World Alone)", was Lynn's third chart-topper, followed by a subsequent Top 10, "To Make a Man (Feel Like a Man)". Her song "You Ain't Woman Enough (To Take My Man)", was an instant hit and became one of Lynn's all-time most popular. Her career continued to be successful into the 1970s, especially following the success of her autobiographical hit "Coal Miner's Daughter", which peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Country Chart in 1970. The album has sold more than 5 million copies worldwide. The song became her first single to chart on the Billboard Hot 100, peaking at No. 83. She had a series of singles that charted low on the Hot 100 between 1970 and 1975. The song "Coal Miner's Daughter" later served as the impetus for the best-selling autobiography (1976) and the Oscar-winning biopic, both of which share the song's title.[27]

In 1973, "Rated "X"" peaked at No. 1 on the Billboard Country Chart and was considered one of Lynn's most controversial hits. The following year, her next single, "Love Is the Foundation", also became a No. 1 country hit from her album of the same name. The second and last single from that album, "Hey Loretta", became a Top 5 hit. Lynn continued to reach the Top 10 until the end of the decade, including 1975's "The Pill", one of the first songs to discuss birth control. Many of Lynn’s songs were autobiographical, and as a songwriter, Lynn felt no topic was off limits, as long as it was relatable to women.[28] In 1976, she released her autobiography, Coal Miner's Daughter, with the help of writer George Vecsey. It became a No. 1 bestseller, making Lynn the first country music artist to make The New York Times Best Seller list.

Professional partnership with Conway TwittyEdit

In 1971, Lynn began a professional partnership with Conway Twitty. As a duo, Lynn and Twitty had five consecutive No. 1 hits between 1971 and 1975, including "After the Fire Is Gone" (1971), which won them a Grammy award, "Lead Me On" (1971), "Louisiana Woman, Mississippi Man" (1973), "As Soon as I Hang Up the Phone" (1974), and "Feelins'" (1974). For four consecutive years, 1972–1975, Lynn and Twitty were named the "Vocal Duo of the Year" by the Country Music Association. The Academy of Country Music named them the "Best Vocal Duet" in 1971, 1974, 1975 and 1976. The American Music awards selected them as the "Favorite Country Duo" in 1975, 1976 and 1977. The fan-voted Music City News readers voted them the No. 1 duet every year between 1971 and 1981, inclusive. In addition to their five No. 1 singles, they had seven other Top 10 hits between 1976 and 1981.[8]

 
Loretta Lynn touring in 1975

As a solo artist, Lynn continued her success in 1971, achieving her fifth No. 1 solo hit, "One's on the Way", written by poet and songwriter Shel Silverstein. She also charted with "I Wanna Be Free", "You're Lookin' at Country" and 1972's "Here I Am Again", all released on separate albums. The next year, she became the first country star on the cover of Newsweek.[29] In 1972, Lynn was the first woman to be nominated and win Entertainer of the Year at the CMA awards. She won the Female Vocalist of the Year and Duo of the Year with Conway Twitty, beating out George Jones and Tammy Wynette and Porter Wagoner and Dolly Parton.[30]

Tribute album for Patsy ClineEdit

In 1977, Lynn recorded I Remember Patsy, an album dedicated to her friend, singer Patsy Cline, who died in a plane crash in 1963. The album covered some of Cline's biggest hits. The two singles Lynn released from the album, "She's Got You" and "Why Can't He Be You", became hits. "She's Got You", which went to No. 1 by Cline in 1962 went to No. 1 again that year by Lynn. "Why Can't He Be You" peaked at No. 7. Lynn had her last No. 1 hit in 1978 with "Out of My Head and Back in My Bed".[23]

In 1979, Lynn had two Top 5 hits, "I Can't Feel You Anymore" and "I've Got a Picture of Us on My Mind", from separate albums.

Devoted to her fans, Lynn told the editor of Salisbury, Maryland’s newspaper the reason she signed hundreds of autographs "These people are my fans... I'll stay here until the very last one wants my autograph. Without these people, I am nobody. I love these people." In 1979, she became the spokesperson for Procter & Gamble's Crisco Oil. Because of her dominant hold on the 1970s, Lynn was named the "Artist of the Decade" by the Academy of Country Music. She is the only woman to win this honor.[31][unreliable source?]

1980–1989: Continued successEdit

On March 5, 1980, the film Coal Miner's Daughter debuted in Nashville and soon became the No. 1 box office hit in the United States. The film starred Sissy Spacek as Loretta and Tommy Lee Jones as her husband, Dolittle “Mooney” Lynn. The film received seven Academy Award nominations, winning the Best Actress Oscar for Spacek, a gold album for the soundtrack album, a Grammy nomination for Spacek, Country Music Association and Academy of Country Music awards, and several Golden Globe awards. The 1980s featured more hits, including "Pregnant Again", "Naked in the Rain", and "Somebody Led Me Away".[29] Lynn’s last Top 10 record as a soloist was 1982’s "I Lie", but her releases continued to chart until the end of the decade.[23]

One of her last solo releases was "Heart Don't Do This to Me" (1985), which reached No. 19, her last Top 20 hit. Her 1985 album Just a Woman spawned a Top 40 hit. In 1987, Lynn lent her voice to a song on k.d. lang's album Shadowland with country stars Kitty Wells and Brenda Lee, "Honky Tonk Angels Medley". The album was certified gold and was Grammy nominated for the four women. Lynn's 1988 album Who Was That Stranger would be her last solo album for a major record company as a solo artist. She was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988.[32]

1990–2004: Return to country: Honky Tonk Angels, Still Country and second autobiographyEdit

Lynn returned to the public eye in 1993 with a hit CD, the trio album Honky Tonk Angels, recorded with Dolly Parton and Tammy Wynette. The CD peaked at No. 6 on the Billboard Country charts and No. 42 on the Billboard Pop charts and charted a single with "Silver Threads and Golden Needles". The album sold more than 800,000 copies and was certified gold in the United States and Canada. The trio was nominated for Grammy and Country Music Association awards. Lynn released a three-CD boxed set chronicling her career on MCA Records. In 1995, she taped a seven-week series on the Nashville Network (TNN), Loretta Lynn & Friends.[33]

In 1995, Loretta was presented with the Pioneer Award at the 30th Academy of Country Music Awards. In 1996, Lynn's husband, Oliver Vanetta "Doolittle" Lynn, died five days short of his 70th birthday.

In 2000, Lynn released her first album in several years, Still Country, in which she included "I Can't Hear the Music", a tribute song to her late husband. She released her first new single in more than 10 years from the album, "Country in My Genes." The single charted on the Billboard Country singles chart and made Lynn the first woman in country music to chart singles in five decades.

In 2002, Lynn published her second autobiography, Still Woman Enough, and it became her second New York Times Best Seller, peaking in the top 10. In 2004, she published a cookbook, You're Cookin' It Country.[34]

2004–present: Late career resurgenceEdit

In 2004, Lynn released Van Lear Rose, the second album on which Lynn either wrote or co-wrote every song. The album was produced by Jack White of The White Stripes, and featured guitar work and backup vocals by White. Her collaboration with White garnered Lynn high praise in magazines that specialize in mainstream and alternative rock music, such as Spin and Blender.[35] Rolling Stone voted the album the second best of 2004. It won the Grammy Award for Best Country Album of the Year.[36]

Late in 2010, Sony Music released a new album, titled Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn, featuring stars like Reba McEntire, Faith Hill, Paramore, and Carrie Underwood performing Loretta's classic hits spanning 50 years. The CD produced a Top 10 music video hit on GAC of the single, "Coal Miner's Daughter", that Lynn recorded with Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow. The single cracked the Billboard singles chart, making Lynn the only female country artist to chart in six decades.

Lynn performed at the Nelsonville Music Festival in Nelsonville, Ohio in May 2010.[37]

In 2012, Lynn published her third autobiography, Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics.[38] She contributed "Take Your Gun and Go, John" to Divided & United: Songs of the Civil War, released on November 5, 2013.

In November 2015, Lynn announced a March 2016 release: Full Circle, featuring Willie Nelson and Elvis Costello. The recording became Lynn's 40th album to make the Top 10 on Billboard's best selling country list and her album debuted at No. 19 on the Billboard Hot 200.[39] The recording is combination of new songs and classics, and includes duets with Elvis Costello and Willie Nelson.[40]

Lynn’s Christmas album White Christmas Blue was released in October 2016.[41] In December of the same year, Full Circle was nominated for Country Album of the Year for the 59th Annual Grammy Awards.[42]

Lynn’s album Wouldn't It Be Great, the third album of her five-album deal with Legacy Recordings, was released released in September 2018 after being delayed by health issues. Her health prompted Lynn to cancel all 2017 scheduled tour dates.[43][44] Lynn was named Artist of a Lifetime by CMT in 2018.[45]

On June 25, 2019, The New York Times Magazine listed Loretta Lynn among hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire.[46]

Personal lifeEdit

Children and grandchildrenEdit

Loretta and Doolittle “Mooney” Lynn had six children together:

  • Betty Sue Lynn (November 26, 1948 – July 29, 2013)[47][48]
  • Jack Benny Lynn, (December 7, 1949 – July 22, 1984)[48][49]
  • Clara Marie "Cissie" Lynn (born April 7, 1952)
  • Ernest Ray "Ernie" Lynn (born May 27, 1954)
  • Peggy Jean and Patsy Eileen Lynn (born August 6, 1964; twin daughters named for Lynn's sister, Peggy Sue Wright, and her friend, Patsy Cline.)

Lynn's son, Jack Benny, died at age 34 on July 22, 1984, while trying to ford the Duck River at the family's ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee. In 2013, Loretta's daughter, Betty Sue, died at age 64 of emphysema near Loretta's ranch in Hurricane Mills.[48] Two years after her twins Peggy and Patsy were born, Lynn became a grandmother at age 34.

Marital problemsEdit

Lynn was married for almost 50 years until her husband died at age 69 in 1996. In her 2002 autobiography Still Woman Enough and in an interview with CBS News the same year, she recounted how her husband cheated on her regularly and once left her while she was giving birth.[28] Lynn and her husband fought frequently, but she said that "he never hit me one time that I didn't hit him back twice". Loretta has said that her marriage was "one of the hardest love stories".[50][page needed] In one of her autobiographies, she recalled:

I married Doo when I wasn't but a child, and he was my life from that day on. But as important as my youth and upbringing was, there's something else that made me stick to Doo. He thought I was something special, more special than anyone else in the world, and never let me forget it. That belief would be hard to shove out the door. Doo was my security, my safety net. And just remember, I'm explainin', not excusin'... Doo was a good man and a hard worker. But he was an alcoholic, and it affected our marriage all the way through.[51]

HomesEdit

Lynn owns a ranch in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee. Billed as "the Seventh Largest Attraction in Tennessee", it features a recording studio, museums, lodging, restaurants and western stores. Traditionally, three holiday concerts are hosted annually at the ranch, Memorial Day Weekend, Fourth of July Weekend, and Labor Day Weekend.[52]

Since 1982, the ranch has hosted Loretta Lynn’s Amateur Championship motocross race, the largest amateur motocross race of its kind. The ranch also hosts GNCC Racing events. The centerpiece of the ranch is its large plantation home which Lynn once resided in with her husband and children. She hasn't lived in the antebellum mansion in more than 30 years. Lynn regularly greets fans who are touring the plantation house. Also featured on the property is a replica of the cabin in which Lynn grew up in Butcher Hollow, Kentucky.[52][53]

In the 1970s, Lynn purchased a home in Mexico.

Lynn and her husband also bought a cabin in Canada.

Health issuesEdit

In May 2017, Lynn had a stroke at her home in Hurricane Mills, Tennessee. She was taken to a Nashville hospital and subsequently had to cancel all of her upcoming tour dates. The release of her new album Wouldn't It Be Great was delayed until 2018. According to her website, she is expected to make a full recovery.[54] On January 1, 2018, Lynn fell and broke her hip.[55]

PoliticsEdit

At the height of her popularity, some of Lynn's songs were banned from radio airplay, including "Rated 'X'", about the double standards divorced women face; "Wings Upon Your Horns", about the loss of teenage virginity; and "The Pill", with lyrics by T. D. Bayless, about a wife and mother becoming liberated by the birth-control pill. Her song "Dear Uncle Sam", released in 1966, during the Vietnam War, describes a wife's anguish at the loss of a husband to war. It was included in live performances during the Iraq War.[16]

In 1971, Lynn was the first solo female country artist to perform at the White House, at the invitation of President Richard Nixon. She returned there to perform during the administrations of Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. Lynn stated early in 2016 that she supported Donald Trump in his run for the presidency.[56]

Although Lynn has been outspoken about her views on controversial social and political subjects, she stated, "I don't like to talk about things where you're going to get one side or the other unhappy. My music has no politics."[57] In her autobiography, Lynn said her father was a Republican and her mother a Democrat.

When asked about her position on same-sex marriage by USA Today in November 2010, she replied, "I'm still an old Bible girl. God said you need to be a woman and man, but everybody to their own."[58] She endorsed[59] and campaigned[60] for George H. W. Bush in the presidential election in 1988.[61]

In 2002's Still Woman Enough, she discussed her longtime friendship and support for Jimmy Carter.[62] During the same time period, she made her only recorded political donation, $4,300, to Republican candidates and Republican-aligned PACs.

Lynn was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama In 2013.[63]

While a recognized "advocate for ordinary women," Lynn has often criticized upper-class feminism for ignoring the needs and concerns of working-class women.[2] She once stated, "I'm not a big fan of women's liberation, but maybe it will help women stand up for the respect they're due".

Lynn allowed PETA to use her song "I Wanna Be Free" in a public service campaign to discourage the chaining of dogs outside.[64]

Honors and awardsEdit

Lynn has written more than 160 songs and released 60 albums, and has sold 45 million records worldwide.[citation needed] She has had 10 No. 1 albums and 16 No. 1 singles on the country charts. Lynn has won three Grammy Awards, seven American Music Awards, eight Broadcast Music Incorporated awards, 13 Academy of Country Music, eight Country Music Association, and 26 fan-voted Music City News awards. Lynn remains the most awarded woman in country music.[65][66] She was the first woman in country music to receive a certified gold album for 1967's "Don't Come Home A' Drinkin' (With Lovin' on Your Mind)".[67]

In 1972, Lynn was the first woman named "Entertainer of the Year" by the Country Music Association. In 1980, she was the only woman to be named "Artist of the Decade" for the 1970s by the Academy of Country Music. Lynn was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1988[22] and the Country Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1999.[68] She was also the recipient of Kennedy Center Honors an award given by the U.S. president in 2003. Lynn is ranked 65th on VH1's 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll[69] and was the first female country artist to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1977.[70] In 1994, she received the country music pioneer award by the Academy of Country Music.

In 2001, "Coal Miner's Daughter" was named among NPR's "100 Most Significant Songs of the 20th Century". In 2002, Lynn had the highest ranking, No. 3, for any living female CMT television's special of the 40 Greatest Women of Country Music.[71]

A BMI affiliate for more than 45 years, Lynn was honored as a BMI Icon at the BMI Country Awards on November 4, 2004.[72]

In March 2007, Lynn was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music during her performance at the Grand Ole Opry.[73]

Lynn was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in New York City In 2008. She received the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award for her 50 years in country music in 2010.[74]

Lynn was honored for 50 years in country music at the 44th Annual Country Music Awards on November 10, 2010.[75] That same year, Lynn was presented with a rose named in her honor.[76]

Sony Music released a tribute CD to Lynn titled Coal Miner's Daughter: A Tribute to Loretta Lynn in November 2010. The CD featured Kid Rock, Reba McEntire, Sheryl Crow, Miranda Lambert, Alan Jackson, Gretchen Wilson, The White Stripes, Martina McBride, Paramore, Steve Earle and Faith Hill. In 2011, Lynn was nominated for an Academy of Country Music, CMT Video and Country Music Association awards for "Vocal Event of the Year" with Miranda Lambert and Sheryl Crow for "Coal Miner's Daughter," released as a video and single from the CD.[2]

Lynn marked her 50th anniversary as a Grand Ole Opry member on September 25, 2012.

Lynn was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Barack Obama In 2013.

Miranda Lambert presented Lynn with the Crystal Milestone Award from the Academy of Country Music.[77] Lynn also received the 2015 Billboard Legacy Award for Women in Music.[78]

Lynn was named Artist of a Lifetime in 2018 by CMT.[45]

DiscographyEdit

Studio albums

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Loretta Lynn Married at 15, Not 13; 80-Years-Old Not 77". Usatoday30.usatoday.com. Associated Press. May 18, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "WELCOME 2017". LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  3. ^ "About the Artist: Biography of Loretta Lynn" Archived December 8, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.Kennedy Center. Accessed February 4, 2007.
  4. ^ "AP: Country singer Loretta Lynn married at 15, not 13".
  5. ^ Profile, lubbockonline.com; accessed July 18, 2015.
  6. ^ Rhodes, Don (June 8, 2011). "Lynn's road to stardom started with $17 guitar". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  7. ^ "Loretta Lynn – Biography". Billboard. December 3, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Country Music – Music News, New Songs, Videos, Music Shows and Playlists from CMT". Cmt.com. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  9. ^ Coal Miner's Daughter. p. 73.
  10. ^ Thanki, Juli. "20 Most Controversial Songs by Women". Engine 145. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  11. ^ "Grammy.com". The Recording Academy. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  12. ^ "Loretta Lynn - Love Is The Foundation". Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  13. ^ Branigin, William (November 20, 2013). "Presidential Medal of Freedom honors diverse group of Americans". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  14. ^ "Discography". LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  15. ^ "Loretta Lynn - Releases - MusicBrainz". musicbrainz.org. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
  16. ^ a b c d "Van Lear Rose"; accessed February 4, 2007.
  17. ^ Koch Entertainment Loretta Lynn Biography Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ a b "Honky Tonk Make Believe", Don Grashy - Co. Joseph Mauro, "MY RAMBLING HEART" (Washington. DC: 1995), p. 45.
  19. ^ a b Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics (2012). pp. 10-11; ISBN 978-0-307-59489-1
  20. ^ PragueFrank's Country Music Discographies, countrydiscography.blogspot.com; May 2011
  21. ^ "Most Promising Female Artists of C&W Jockeys". Billboard. October 31, 1960. p. 26. Retrieved May 23, 2018.
  22. ^ a b Loretta Lynn. Country Music Hall of Fame; accessed February 4, 2007.
  23. ^ a b c Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. ISBN 0-89820-177-2.
  24. ^ Loretta Lynn Profile, Country Music Television website; accessed May 4, 2014.
  25. ^ Wolff, Kurt (2000). In Country Music: The Rough Guide. Orla Duane (ed.), London: Rough Guides Ltd. p. 311.
  26. ^ Loretta Lynn profile, MusicianGuide.com; retrieved April 28, 2008.
  27. ^ Will the Circle Be Unbroken: Country Music In America. Paul Kingsbury & Alanna Nash (eds.) London: Rough Guides Ltd., 2006, p. 251
  28. ^ a b "Legends: Loretta Lynn Tells All". CBS News. December 27, 2002. Retrieved February 4, 2007. Her autobiography recounts how once, in a drunken rage, he smashed many jars full of vegetables she had painstakingly canned.
  29. ^ a b Loretta Lynn biography, Countrypolitan.com; retrieved April 18, 2008. Archived February 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ "CMA Awards: Archive: 1972". Country Music Association Awards. October 9, 2008. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
  31. ^ "Loretta Lynn added to ACM's Girls' Night Out". LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  32. ^ Loretta Lynn profile, rollingstone.com; accessed April 18, 2008. Archived December 26, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  33. ^ Loretta Lynn profile, musicianguide.com; accessed April 19, 2014.
  34. ^ "You're Cookin' it Country". Barnes and Noble. Retrieved April 8, 2014.
  35. ^ "Loretta Lynn Recovering From Surgery". CBS News, June 8, 2006; accessed February 4, 2007.
  36. ^ "Winners: 47th Annual Grammy Awards (2004)". Grammy Awards. Recording Academy. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  37. ^ "Past Shows" Stuart's Opera House: Nelsonville, Ohio. Stuart's Opera House: Nelsonville, Ohio, n.d. Web. October 8, 2012.
  38. ^ Lynn, Loretta (April 3, 2012). "Honky Tonk Girl: My Life in Lyrics". Nyjournalofbooks.com. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  39. ^ "Billboard 200 Chart Moves: Loretta Lynn Earns Her Highest Charting Album Ever With 'Full Circle'". Billboard. Retrieved March 17, 2016.
  40. ^ "Loretta Lynn on New Album Full Circle: 'We Don't Have Real Country Music Anymore'". Time. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  41. ^ Betts, Stephen L. (September 16, 2016). "Loretta Lynn Plans Holiday Album 'White Christmas Blue'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  42. ^ "Here Is the Complete List of Nominees for the 2017 Grammys". Billboard. December 6, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  43. ^ Tingle, Lauren (April 14, 2017). "Loretta Lynn's Wouldn't It Be Great Arrives Aug. 18". CMT News. Retrieved April 16, 2017.
  44. ^ "Loretta Lynn: 'Willie Ain't Dead Yet and Neither Am I'". Rolling Stone.
  45. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved July 28, 2019.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  46. ^ Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
  47. ^ Notice of death of Betty Sue Lynn, musicrow.com, July 2013; accessed May 4, 2014.
  48. ^ a b c "Betty Sue Lynn Dead: Loretta Lynn's Oldest Daughter Dies In Tennessee". The Huffington Post. July 30, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  49. ^ "A Stricken Coal Miner's Daughter Mourns the Drowning of Her Favorite Son". People. 22 (7). August 13, 1984. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  50. ^ Lynn 2002.
  51. ^ Lynn 2002, p. xiii.
  52. ^ a b "Loretta Lynn official website". LorettaLynn.com. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  53. ^ Tuttle, Andrew (July 28, 2014). "A Bit of Loretta Lynn's Motocross History". MotoSports.com. Retrieved July 14, 2018.
  54. ^ Thanki, Juli (May 5, 2017). "Loretta Lynn hospitalized after stroke". USA Today. Retrieved May 6, 2017.
  55. ^ "Loretta Lynn In 'Great Spirits' After Breaking Hip in Fall at Home". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved January 20, 2018.
  56. ^ Flitter, Emily (January 9, 2016). "Country Musician Loretta Lynn to Trump: Call Me". Reuters. Retrieved January 14, 2016.
  57. ^ "Loretta Lynn Quotes". BrainyQuote. Retrieved November 9, 2012.
  58. ^ Nash, Alanna (November 4, 2010). "The Once and Future Queen of Country". USA Weekend. Retrieved January 4, 2016.[permanent dead link]
  59. ^ Seifert, Erica J. (2012). The Politics of Authenticity in Presidential Campaigns, 1976–2008. McFarland. pp. 108–109. ISBN 9780786491094.
  60. ^ Kilian, Pamela (2003). Barbara Bush: Matriarch of a Dynasty. Macmillan. p. 111. ISBN 9780312319700.
  61. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (September 29, 1988). "Campaign Trail; Country Singers Stand by Their Man". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  62. ^ Loretta Lynn, Still Woman Enough: A Memoir (New York: Hyperion, 2002)
  63. ^ Lynn awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, whitehouse.gov; accessed May 4, 2014.
  64. ^ "Loretta Helps Furry Friends". LorettaLynn.com. October 24, 2005.
  65. ^ "About Loretta Lynn: Still a Mountain Girl". American Masters. PBS. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  66. ^ Smith, Steve (December 11, 2015). "Steve Smith: Is Rush done after Peart's retirement; Ringo's memorabilia fetches record prices". Los Angeles Daily News. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  67. ^ "Johanna's Vision". WordPress. Archived from the original on April 15, 2014. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  68. ^ County Gospel Music Hall of Fame Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  69. ^ 100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll. VH1.com; accessed February 4, 2007.
  70. ^ "Hollywood Walk of Fame directory". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce; accessed February 4, 2007.
  71. ^ "40 Greatest Women of Country Music". Twin Music. Retrieved April 6, 2014.
  72. ^ "Shania Twain, Toby Keith, Casey Beathard Lead Winners at 2004 BMI Country Awards". bmi.com. Retrieved October 1, 2010.
  73. ^ "Honorary doctorate for Loretta Lynn". USA Today. February 14, 2007. Retrieved April 13, 2017.
  74. ^ "Lifetime Achievement Award". Recording Association online. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  75. ^ "Country Music Awards". TVGuide.com. November 4, 2010.
  76. ^ Lynn, Loretta. "New Rose Named for Loretta Lynn". Article. Sony Music Nashville. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
  77. ^ "Academy of Country Music Special Awards". Academy of Country Music Special Awards. Academy of Country Music. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
  78. ^ "Billboard Women in Music 2015: Lady Gaga, Selena Gomez, Missy Elliott & More Are Celebrated". Billboard Magazine. Billboard Music. Retrieved January 31, 2018.

BibliographyEdit

  • Lynn, Loretta; et al. (2002) [1993], Still Woman Enough: A Memoir, Hyperion, ISBN 0-7868-6650-0.

Further readingEdit

  • In The Country of Country: A Journey to the Roots of American Music, Nicholas Dawidoff, Vintage Books, 1998; ISBN 0-375-70082-X
  • Are You Ready for the Country: Elvis, Dylan, Parsons and the Roots of Country Rock, Peter Dogget, Penguin Books, 2001; ISBN 0-14-026108-7
  • Dreaming Out Loud: Garth Brooks, Wynonna Judd, Wade Hayes and the changing face of Nashville, Bruce Feiler, Avon Books, 1998; ISBN 0-380-97578-5

External linksEdit