|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Loretta Young (January 6, 1913 – August 12, 2000) was an American actress and singer. Starting as a child actress, she had a long and varied career in film from 1917 to 1953. She won the 1948 Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in the 1947 film The Farmer's Daughter and received an Oscar nomination for her role in Come to the Stable in 1949. Young moved to the relatively new medium of television, where she had a dramatic anthology series, The Loretta Young Show, from 1953 to 1961. The series earned three Emmy Awards and was rerun successfully on daytime TV and later in syndication. In the 1980s, Young returned to the small screen and won a Golden Globe for her role in Christmas Dove in 1986. Young, a devout Roman Catholic, worked with various Catholic charities after her acting career.
January 6, 1913|
Salt Lake City, Utah, U.S.
|Died||August 12, 2000
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Ovarian cancer|
|Resting place||Holy Cross Cemetery|
(m. 1930; annulled 1931)
(m. 1940; div. 1969)
|Relatives||Polly Ann Young (sister)
Sally Blane (sister)
Georgiana Young (sister)
She was born Gretchen Young in Salt Lake City, Utah, the daughter of Gladys (née Royal) and John Earle Young. At confirmation, she took the name Michaela. When she was two years old, her parents separated, and when she was three, her family and she moved to Hollywood. Her sisters Polly Ann and Elizabeth Jane (better known as Sally Blane) and she worked as child actresses, but of the three, Gretchen was the most successful.
Young's first role was at the age of three, in the silent film The Primrose Ring. During her high-school years, she was educated at Ramona Convent Secondary School. She was signed to a contract by John McCormick (1893–1961), the husband and manager of the actress Colleen Moore, who saw the young girl's potential. The name Loretta was given to her by Moore, who later explained that it was the name of her favorite doll.
Young was billed as Gretchen Young in the silent film Sirens of the Sea (1917). She was first billed as Loretta Young in 1928, in The Whip Woman. That same year, she co-starred with Lon Chaney in the MGM film Laugh, Clown, Laugh. The next year, she was named one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars.
In 1930, when she was 17, she eloped with the 26-year-old actor Grant Withers; they were married in Yuma, Arizona. The marriage was annulled the next year, just as their second movie together (ironically entitled Too Young to Marry) was released.
During World War II, Young made Ladies Courageous (1944; reissued as Fury in the Sky), the fictionalized story of the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron. It depicted a unit of female pilots who flew bomber planes from the factories to their final destinations. Young made as many as eight movies a year. In 1947, she won an Oscar for her performance in The Farmer's Daughter. That same year, she co-starred with Cary Grant and David Niven in The Bishop's Wife, a perennial favorite. In 1949, she received another Academy Award nomination for Come to the Stable. In 1953, she appeared in her last theatrical film, It Happens Every Thursday, a Universal comedy about a New York couple who move to California to take over a struggling weekly newspaper; her costar was John Forsythe.
Young hosted and starred in the well-received half-hour anthology television series Letter to Loretta (soon retitled The Loretta Young Show), which was originally broadcast from 1953 to 1961. She earned three Emmy awards for the program. Her trademark was a dramatic entrance through a living-room door in various high-fashion evening gowns. She returned at the program's conclusion to offer a brief passage from the Bible or a famous quote that reflected upon the evening's story. (Young's introductions and concluding remarks were not rerun on television because she legally stipulated that they not be, as she did not want the dresses she wore in those segments to make the program seem dated.) The program ran in prime time on NBC for eight years, the longest-running primetime network program hosted by a woman up to that time.
The program was based on the premise that each drama was in answer to a question asked in her fan mail. The title was changed to The Loretta Young Show during the first season (as of the episode of February 14, 1954), and the "letter" concept was dropped at the end of the second season. Towards the end of the second season, Young was hospitalized as a result of overwork, which required a number of guest hosts and guest stars; her first appearance in the 1955–56 season was for the Christmas show. From then on, Young appeared in only about half of each season's shows as an actress and served as the program's host for the remainder.
Minus Young's introductions and conclusions, the series was rerun as the Loretta Young Theatre in daytime by NBC from 1960 to 1964. It also appeared in syndication into the early 1970s, before being withdrawn.
In the 1962–1963 television season, Young appeared as Christine Massey, a freelance magazine writer and the mother of seven children, in The New Loretta Young Show, on CBS. It fared poorly in the ratings on Monday evenings against ABC's Ben Casey. It was dropped after one season of 26 episodes.
In the 1990s, selected episodes from Young's personal collection, with the opening and closing segments (and original title) intact, were released on home video, and frequently were shown on cable television.
In 1988, she received the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women, who through their endurance and the excellence of their work, helped to expand the role of women in the entertainment industry.
Young has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for her work in television, at 6135 Hollywood Boulevard, and the other for her work in motion pictures, at 6100 Hollywood Boulevard. In 2011, a Golden Palm Star on the Walk of Stars, in Palm Springs, California, was dedicated to her.
Young was married to the actor Grant Withers from 1930 to 1931. From September 1933 to June 1934, she had a public affair with Spencer Tracy, her co-star in Man's Castle. She married the producer Tom Lewis in 1940; they divorced bitterly in the mid-1960s. Lewis died in 1988. They had two sons, Peter Lewis (of the San Francisco rock band Moby Grape) and Christopher Lewis, a film director. Young married the fashion designer Jean Louis in 1993. He died in 1997. Young was godmother to Marlo Thomas (daughter of the TV star Danny Thomas).
Pregnancy by Clark GableEdit
Young and Clark Gable were the romantic leads of the 1935 Twentieth Century Pictures film The Call of the Wild, which was filmed early in that year. Young was then 22 years old, while Gable was 34 and married (to Maria "Ria" Franklin Prentiss Lucas Langham). During the filming, Gable impregnated Young.
For the next 80 years, those who knew of Gable's paternity widely assumed the pregnancy to be the result of an affair between the two. However, in 2015, Linda Lewis, Young's daughter-in-law (and Christopher Lewis's wife) stated publicly that, in 1998, Young told Lewis that Gable had raped her and that, though the two had flirted on set, there had been no affair and no intimate contact save for that one incident. Young had not revealed the information before to anyone. According to Lewis, Young only stated it after having learned of the concept of date rape; she had previously always believed that it was a woman's job to fend off men's amorous advances and had felt the fact that Gable had been able to force himself on her was thus a moral failing on her part.
Young, her sisters and her mother came up with a plan to hide the pregnancy and then pass off the child as an adopted child. Young did not want to damage her career or Gable's, and she knew that, if Twentieth Century Pictures found out about the pregnancy, they would try to pressure her to have an abortion, which Young, a devout Catholic, considered a mortal sin. When the pregnancy began to show, Young went on a "vacation" to England, and several months later returned to California. Shortly before the birth, she gave an interview from her bed, covered in blankets, stating that her long movie absence was due to a condition she had had since childhood. Young gave birth to Judith Young on November 6, 1935, in a house that she and her mother owned in Venice, California. Young named Judith after St. Jude, because he was the patron saint of (among other things) difficult situations.
Three weeks later, Young returned to moviemaking. After several months of living in the house in Venice, Judy was transferred to St. Elizabeth's, an orphanage outside Los Angeles. When she was 19 months old, her grandmother picked her up, and Young announced to gossip columnist Louella Parsons that she had adopted the infant.
Few in Hollywood were fooled by the ruse, and the child's true parentage was widely rumored in entertainment circles. Young refused to confirm or comment publicly on the rumors until 1999, when Joan Wester Anderson wrote Young's authorized biography. In interviews with Anderson for the book, Young stated that Judy was her biological child and the product of a brief affair with Gable. The child was raised as Judy Lewis, taking the last name of Young's second husband.
Judy Lewis wrote in her autobiography, Uncommon Knowledge, that some people made fun of her because of the prominent ears she had inherited from her father. She states that at seven she had an operation to "pin back" her large ears and that her mother always had her wear bonnets as a child. In 1958, Lewis's future husband, Joseph Tinney, told her "everybody" knew that Gable was her biological father. The only time she remembered Gable visiting her was once at her home when she was a teenager; she had no idea he was her biological father. Several years later he appeared on The Loretta Young Show after Young had been in hospital for several months. Lewis was an assistant and was right behind her mother when she noticed Gable. They never had a relationship, and she never saw him again. Several years later, after becoming a mother herself, Lewis finally confronted her mother, who privately admitted the truth, stating that Judy was "a walking mortal sin."
Linda Lewis said the family stayed silent about the date rape claim until after both Loretta Young and Judy Lewis had died.
Young was a lifelong Republican. In 1952, she appeared in radio, print, and magazine ads in support of Dwight D. Eisenhower in his campaign for President. She attended his inauguration in 1953, along with Anita Louise, Louella Parsons, Jane Russell, Dick Powell, June Allyson, and Lou Costello, among others. She was a vocal supporter of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan in their presidential campaigns in 1968 and 1980, respectively. Young was also an active member of the Hollywood Republican Committee, with her close friend Irene Dunne and Ginger Rogers, William Holden, George Murphy, Fred Astaire, and John Wayne.
From the time of Young's retirement in the 1960s until not long before her death, she devoted herself to volunteer work for charities and churches with her friends of many years: Jane Wyman, Irene Dunne, and Rosalind Russell. She was a member of the Good Shepherd Parish and the Catholic Motion Picture Guild in Beverly Hills, California. Young briefly came out of retirement to star in two television films, Christmas Eve (1986) and Lady in the Corner (1989). She won a Golden Globe Award for the former and was nominated again for the latter.
In 1972, a jury in Los Angeles awarded Young $550,000 in a lawsuit against NBC for breach of contract. Filed in 1966, the suit contended that NBC had allowed foreign television outlets to rerun old episodes of The Loretta Young Show without excluding, as agreed by the parties, the opening segment in which Young made her entrance. Young testified that her image had been damaged by portraying her in "outdated gowns." She had sought damages of $1.9 million.
Young died of ovarian cancer on August 12, 2000, at the home of her half-sister, Georgiana Montalbán (the wife of the actor Ricardo Montalban), in Santa Monica, California. She was interred in the family plot in the Holy Cross Cemetery in Culver City, California. Her ashes were buried in the grave of her mother, Gladys Belzer. Her elder sisters had both died from cancer, as did her daughter, Judy Lewis, on November 25, 2011, at the age of 76.
|1917||The Primrose Ring||Fairy||Lost; uncredited|
|1917||Sirens of the Sea||Child||As Gretchen Young|
|1919||The Only Way||Child on operating table|
|1921||White and Unmarried||Child||Uncredited|
|1921||The Sheik||Arab child||Extant; uncredited|
|1927||Naughty but Nice||Bit part||Lost; uncredited|
|1927||Her Wild Oat||Bit by ping pong table||Extant; uncredited|
|1928||The Whip Woman||The Girl||Lost|
|1928||Laugh, Clown, Laugh||Simonetta||Extant; made at MGM|
|1928||The Magnificent Flirt||Denise Laverne||Lost; made at Paramount Pictures|
|1928||The Head Man||Carol Watts||Lost|
|1928||Scarlet Seas||Margaret Barbour||Lost (Vitaphone track of music and effects survives)|
|1929||Seven Footprints to Satan||One of Satan's victims||Extant; uncredited|
|1929||The Squall||Irma||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1929||The Girl in the Glass Cage||Gladys Cosgrove||Lost|
|1929||Fast Life||Patricia Mason Stratton||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1929||The Careless Age||Muriel||Lost|
|1929||The Forward Pass||Patricia Carlyle||Lost|
|1929||The Show of Shows||"Meet My Sister" number||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Loose Ankles||Ann Harper Berry||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||The Man from Blankley's||Margery Seaton||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1930||Show Girl in Hollywood||Extant, in Library of Congress; uncredited|
|1930||The Second Floor Mystery||Marion Ferguson||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Road to Paradise||Mary Brennan/Margaret Waring||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||Warner Bros. Jubilee Dinner||Herself||Short subject|
|1930||Kismet||Marsinah||Lost (Vitaphone soundtrack discs at UCLA Film and Television)|
|1930||War Nurse||Nurse||Extant; made at MGM; uncredited (Young's scenes deleted)|
|1930||The Truth About Youth||Phyllis Ericson||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1930||The Devil to Pay!||Dorothy Hope||Extant; produced by Samuel Goldwyn; released by United Artists|
|1931||How I Play Golf, by Bobby Jones No. 8: "The Brassie"||Herself||Short subject|
|1931||Beau Ideal||Isobel Brandon||Extant; made at RKO|
|1931||The Right of Way||Rosalie Evantural||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||The Stolen Jools||Herself||Short subject|
|1931||Three Girls Lost||Norene McMann||Extant|
|1931||Too Young to Marry||Elaine Bumpstead||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||Big Business Girl||Claie "Mac" McIntyre||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||I Like Your Nerve||Diane Forsythe||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1931||The Ruling Voice||Gloria Bannister||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Taxi!||Sue Riley Nolan||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||The Hatchet Man||Sun Toya San||Extant, in Library of Congress; original title The Honorable Mr. Wong|
|1932||Play-Girl||Buster "Bus" Green Dennis||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Week-End Marriage||Lola Davis Hayes||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||Life Begins||Grace Sutton||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1932||They Call It Sin||Marion Cullen||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Employees' Entrance||Madeleine Walters West||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Grand Slam||Marcia Stanislavsky||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Zoo in Budapest||Eve||Extant|
|1933||The Life of Jimmy Dolan||Peggy||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Heroes for Sale||Ruth Loring Holmes||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||Midnight Mary||Mary Martin|
|1933||She Had to Say Yes||Florence "Flo" Denny||Extant, in Library of Congress|
|1933||The Devil's in Love||Margot Lesesne||Extant|
|1934||The House of Rothschild||Julie Rothschild|
|1934||Born to Be Bad||Letty Strong|
|1934||Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back||Lola Field|
|1934||The White Parade||June Arden|
|1935||Clive of India||Margaret Maskelyne Clive|
|1935||The Call of the Wild||Claire Blake|
|1935||The Crusades||Berengaria, Princess of Navarre|
|1935||Hollywood Extra Girl||Herself||Short subject|
|1936||The Unguarded Hour||Lady Helen Dudley Dearden|
|1936||Private Number||Ellen Neal|
|1936||Ladies in Love||Susie Schmidt|
|1937||Love Is News||Toni Gateson|
|1937||Café Metropole||Laura Ridgeway|
|1937||Love Under Fire||Myra Cooper|
|1937||Wife, Doctor and Nurse||Ina Heath Lewis|
|1938||Four Men and a Prayer||Miss Lynn Cherrington|
|1938||Three Blind Mice||Pamela Charters|
|1938||Suez||Countess Eugenie de Montijo|
|1939||Wife, Husband and Friend||Doris Borland|
|1939||The Story of Alexander Graham Bell||Mrs. Mabel Hubbard Bell|
|1940||The Doctor Takes a Wife||June Cameron|
|1940||He Stayed for Breakfast||Marianna Duval|
|1941||The Lady from Cheyenne||Annie Morgan|
|1941||The Men in Her Life||Lina Varsavina|
|1941||Bedtime Story||Jane Drake|
|1942||A Night to Remember||Nancy Troy|
|1943||Show Business at War||Herself||Short subject|
|1944||Ladies Courageous||Roberta Harper||Famously "a clef" biopic of the WWII WASPs, pioneering women pilots|
|1944||And Now Tomorrow||Emily Blair|
|1945||Along Came Jones||Cherry de Longpre|
|1946||The Stranger||Mary Longstreet|
|1947||The Perfect Marriage||Maggie Williams|
|1947||The Farmer's Daughter||Katrin "Katy" Holstrum||Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1947||The Bishop's Wife||Julia Brougham|
|1948||Rachel and the Stranger||Rachel Harvey|
|1949||The Accused||Dr. Wilma Tuttle|
|1949||Mother Is a Freshman||Abigail Fortitude Abbott|
|1949||Come to the Stable||Sister Margaret||Nominated for Academy Award for Best Actress|
|1950||Key to the City||Clarissa Standish|
|1951||You Can Change the World||Herself||Short subject|
|1951||Cause for Alarm!||Ellen Jones|
|1951||Half Angel||Nora Gilpin|
|1951||Screen Snapshots: Hollywood Awards||Herself||Short subject|
|1952||Because of You||Christine Carroll Kimberly|
|1953||It Happens Every Thursday||Jane MacAvoy|
|1986||Christmas Eve||Amanda Kingsley|
|1989||Lady in the Corner||Grace Guthrie|
|1994||Life Along the Mississippi||Narrator (voice)|
|1940||The Campbell Playhouse||Theodora Goes Wild|
|1945||Cavalcade of America||Children, This Is Your Father|
|1947||Family Theater||"Flight from Home"|
|1952||Lux Radio Theatre||"Come to the Stable"|
|1952||Family Theater||"Heritage of Home"|
- Laufenberg, Norbert B. (2005). Entertainment Celebrities. Trafford Publishing. p. 863. ISBN 1-4120-5335-8.
- Davis, Ronald L. (2001). Duke: The Life and Image of John Wayne. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 47. ISBN 0-8061-3329-5.
- Lowe, Denise (2005). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women In Early American Films, 1895–1930. Psychology Press. p. 585. ISBN 0-7890-1843-8.
- Leading Ladies The 50 Most Unforgettable Actresses of the Studio Era. New York: Chronicle, 2006
- Spicer, Christopher J. "Clark Gable: Biography, Filmography, Bibliography". Books.google.ca. p. 113. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- "Loretta Young". Loretta Young. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- "Loretta Young Biography". Bookrags.com. 2010-11-02. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Lowe, Denise (2005). An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Women in Early American Films, 1895–1930. Routledge. p. 67. ISBN 0-7890-1843-8.
-  Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Walk of Fame Stars: Loretta Young". Hollywood Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on April 3, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- "Palm Springs Walk of Stars by Date Dedicated" (PDF). Palmspringswalkofstars.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-13. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Curtis (2011), p. 210 for the beginning of the affair, pp. 213 and 215 for the public nature of the relationship, p. 235 for the breakup.
- "Loretta Young – (Movie Promo) by Marlo Thomas". Tcm.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Petersen, Anne Helen. "Clark Gable Accused of Raping Co-Star". BuzzFeed. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Anderson, Joan Wester (November 2000). Forever Young: The Life, Loves, and Enduring Faith of a Hollywood Legend: The Authorized Biography of Loretta Young. Thomas More Publishing. ISBN 978-0883474679.
- アンジェリカルートとは. "アンジェリカルートとは". Judy--lewis.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Lewis, Judy (May 1994). Uncommon Knowledge. Pocket Books. ISBN 978-0671700195.
- Interview with Judy Lewis. Girl 27 (documentary), 2007.
- Dick, Bernard. Hollywood Madonna: Loretta Young. pp. 197– 201.
- Dick, Bernard. Hollywood Madonna: Loretta Young. p. 202.
- Epstein, Edward (1986). Loretta Young: An Extraordinary Life. pp. 215–16.
- "Classic Hollywood 101: The BFF's of Classic Hollywood". Classichollywood101.blogspot.com. 2010-07-09. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- "Our History | Church of the Good Shepherd". Goodshepherdbh.org. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- "Awards for Loretta Young". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- "Loretta Young Wins $559,000 Damages". Oakland Tribune. January 18, 1972. p. 12.
- "Elegant Beauty Loretta Young Dies". bbc.co.uk. 2000-08-12. Retrieved 2 May 2010.
- Gary Wayne. "Holy Cross Cemetery, Part 2: Stars' Graves". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
- Loretta Young at Find a Grave
- They Call It Sin at the American Film Institute Catalog
- "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 39 (1): 32–41. Winter 2013.
- Kirby, Walter (March 23, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 44. Retrieved May 21, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kirby, Walter (February 17, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved June 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.