Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith (29 September 1913 – 7 January 1988), known as Trevor Howard, was an English actor. After varied stage work, he achieved star status with his role in the film Brief Encounter (1945), followed by The Third Man (1949). This led to many popular appearances on film and TV.
Trevor Howard, 1973
|Born||Trevor Wallace Howard-Smith
29 September 1913
Cliftonville, Kent, England, UK
|Died||7 January 1988
Arkley, Barnet, Hertfordshire, England, UK
|Cause of death||Hepatic failure and Cirrhosis|
|Resting place||Saint Peter's Church, Arkley|
|Spouse(s)||Helen Cherry (m. 1944–88; his death)|
Howard was born in Cliftonville, Kent, England, the son of Mabel Grey (Wallace) and Arthur John Howard. He was educated at Clifton College (to which he left in his will a substantial legacy for a drama scholarship) and at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA), acting on the London stage for several years before World War II. His first paid work was in the play Revolt in a Reformatory (1934), before he left RADA in 1935 to take small roles.
Although stories of his courageous wartime service in the British Army's Royal Corps of Signals earned him much respect among fellow actors and fans alike, files held in the Public Record Office reveal that he had actually been discharged from the British Army in 1943 for mental instability and having a "psychopathic personality". The story, which surfaced in Terence Pettigrew's biography of the actor, published by Peter Owen in 2001, was initially denied by Howard's widow, actress Helen Cherry. Later, confronted with official records, she told The Daily Telegraph (24 June 2001) that his mother had claimed he was a holder of the Military Cross. She added that Howard had an honourable military record and "had nothing to be ashamed of".
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Film and television rolesEdit
After a theatrical role in The Recruiting Officer (1943) Howard began working in films with The Way Ahead (1944). His role in The Way Ahead came to the attention of David Lean, who was looking for someone to play the role of Alec in Brief Encounter (1945). Lean recommended him to Noël Coward, who agreed with the suggestion, and the success of the film launched Howard's film career. However, Lean's The Passionate Friends (1949), in which Howard played a character similar to Alec, was not as successful.
The Third Man (1949), in which Howard played the slightly dry, slightly crusty, but capable British military officer Major Calloway, secured his reputation. During filming in Vienna, Howard was keen to get to his favourite bar for a drink as soon as filming had wrapped for the evening. On one occasion, Howard was in too much of a hurry to change out of his uniform as a British Army Major. After a few drinks, he got into an argument and attracted the attention of a real Major, who ordered the Military Police to arrest Howard as an impostor. Howard was forced to apologise and was summoned to appear before the British commanding general, Sir Alexander Galloway. The Heart of the Matter (1953), like The Third Man, is based on a story by Graham Greene.
Howard also starred in The Key (1958, based on a novel by Jan de Hartog), for which he received the Best Actor award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, and in Sons and Lovers (1960), for which he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Actor. He was nominated for a BAFTA on four other occasions. and received two other Emmy nominations, one as a lead and the other as a supporting actor. He also received three Golden Globe Award nominations.
By the time of Sons and Lovers, Howard had shifted to being a character actor. His later work included such films as Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), Father Goose (a rare comedic role) (1964), Morituri (1965), Von Ryan's Express (1965), The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968), Battle of Britain (1969), Ryan's Daughter (1970), The Offence (1972), Superman (1978), and Gandhi (1982).
At the time of filming White Mischief (1988) on location in Kenya during 1987, Howard was seriously ill and suffering from alcoholism. The company wanted to sack him, but co-star Sarah Miles was determined that Howard's distinguished film career would not end that way. In an interview with Terence Pettigrew for his biography of Howard, Miles describes how she gave an ultimatum to the executives, threatening to quit the production if they got rid of him.
The Dawning (1988) was his final film. One of his strangest films, and one he took great delight in, was Vivian Stanshall's Sir Henry at Rawlinson End (1980), in which he played the title role. His wife, Helen Cherry, starred with him in the film 11 Harrowhouse (1974). While continuing to work in films and occasionally in stage plays, Howard also found work in television, as the Victorian prime minister in The Invincible Mr Disraeli (1963), an episode of the Hallmark Hall of Fame for which he won an Emmy award for his role and The Count of Monte Cristo (1975 film) in which he played Abbé Faria, for which he was Emmy nominated.
Howard left behind just two Shakespeare performances, the first, recorded in the 1960s, was as Petruchio opposite Margaret Leighton's Kate in Caedmon Records' complete recording of The Taming of the Shrew; the second was in the title role of King Lear for the BBC World Service in 1986.
- The Way Ahead (1944) as Officer on Ship (uncredited)
- The Way to the Stars (1945) as Squadron Leader Carter
- Brief Encounter (1945) as Dr. Alec Harvey
- I See a Dark Stranger (1946) as David Baynes
- Green for Danger (1946) as Dr. Barnes
- They Made Me a Fugitive (1947) as Clem
- So Well Remembered (1947) as Dr. Richard Whiteside
- The Passionate Friends (1949) as Professor Steven Stratton
- The Third Man (1949) as Maj. Calloway
- Golden Salamander (1950) as David Redfern
- Odette (1950) as Captain Peter Churchill / Raoul
- The Clouded Yellow (1950) as Maj. David Somers
- Lady Godiva Rides Again (1951) as Guest at Theater Accepting Program (uncredited)
- Outcast of the Islands (1952) as Peter Willems
- Gift Horse (1952) as Lieutenant Commander Hugh Alginon Fraser
- The Heart of the Matter (1953) as Harry Scobie
- La mano dello straniero (1954) as Major Roger Court
- Les amants du Tage (1955) as Inspector Lewis
- The Cockleshell Heroes (1955) as Captain Thompson
- Run for the Sun (1956) as Browne
- Around the World in 80 Days (1956) as Denis Fallentin – Reform Club Member
- Interpol (1957) as Frank McNally
- Manuela (1957) as James Prothero
- A Day in Trinidad, Land of Laughter (1957 short) as Narrator
- The Key (1958) as Captain Chris Ford
- The Roots of Heaven (1958) as Morel
- Malaga (1960) as John Bain
- Sons and Lovers (1960) as Walter Morel
- The Lion (1962) as John Bullit
- Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) as Captain William Bligh
- Man in the Middle (1963) as Major John Darryl Kensington
- Father Goose (1964) as Houghton
- Operation Crossbow (1965) as Professor Lindermann
- Von Ryan's Express (1965) as Maj. Eric Fincham
- Morituri (1965) as Colonel Statter
- The Liquidator (1965) as Mostyn
- The Poppy Is Also a Flower (1966) as Sam Lincon
- Triple Cross (1966) as Distinguished Civilian
- The Long Duel (1967) as Young
- Pretty Polly (1967) as Robert Hook
- The Charge of the Light Brigade (1968) as Lord Cardigan
- Battle of Britain (1969) as Air Vice-Marshal Sir Keith Park
- Twinky (1969) as Lola's Grandfather
- Ryan's Daughter (1970) as Father Hugh Collins
- The Night Visitor (1971) as The Inspector
- To Catch a Spy (1971) as Sir Trevor Dawson
- Mary, Queen of Scots (1971) as William Cecil
- Kidnapped (1971) as Lord Advocate Grant
- Pope Joan (1972) as Pope Leo
- Ludwig (1972) as Richard Wagner
- The Offence (1972) as Lieutenant Cartwright, Detective Superintendent
- A Doll's House (1973) as Dr. Rank
- Who? (1973) as Colonel Azarin
- Catholics (1973) as The Abbot
- Craze (1974) as Supt. Bellamy
- 11 Harrowhouse (1974) as Clyde Massey
- Persecution (1974) aka Sheba, The Graveyard, The Terror of Sheba as Paul Bellamy
- Cause for Concern (1974) as Narrator
- The Count of Monte Cristo (1975 TV movie) as Abbe Faria
- Hennessy (1975) as Commander Rice
- Conduct Unbecoming (1975) as Colonel Benjamin Strang
- Albino (1976) as Johannes
- The Bawdy Adventures of Tom Jones (1976) as Squire Western
- Aces High (1976) as Silkin
- Eliza Fraser (1976) as Captain Foster Fyans
- The Last Remake of Beau Geste (1977) as Sir Hector
- Babel Yemen (1977 short) as Narrator
- Slavers (1978) as Alec Mackenzie
- Stevie (1978) as The Man
- Superman (1978) as 1st Elder
- The Spirit of Adventure: Night Flight (1979 TV movie) as Riviere
- Hurricane (1979) as Father Malone
- Meteor (1979) as Sir Michael Hughes
- Flashpoint Africa (1980) as Program Controller
- The Shillingbury Blowers (1980) as Dan 'Saltie' Wicklow
- The Sea Wolves (1980) as Jack Cartwright
- Sir Henry at Rawlinson End (1980) as Sir Henry Rawlinson
- Windwalker (1980) as Windwalker
- Staying On (1980 TV movie) as Colonel Tusker Smalley
- Arch of Triumph (1980)
- Light Years Away, aka Les Années lumière (1981) as Yoshka Poliakeff
- The Great Muppet Caper (1981) as Aggressive Man in Restaurant (uncredited)
- No Country for Old Men (1981 TV movie)
- Inside the Third Reich (1982 TV movie) as Professor Heinrich Tessnow
- Deadly Game (1982 TV movie) as Gustave Kummer
- The Missionary (1982) as Lord Henry Ames
- Gandhi (1982) as Judge R.S. Broomfield
- Sword of the Valiant (1984) as The King
- Dust (1985) as Le père
- God Rot Tunbridge Wells! (1985) as Georg Frederich Handel
- Memory of the Camps (1985 documentary) as Narrator
- Time After Time (1986) as Brigadier
- Foreign Body (1986) as Dr. Stirrup
- Christmas Eve (1986 TV movie) as Maitland
- Hand in Glove (1987 TV movie) as Vicar
- White Mischief (1988) as Jack Soames
- The Unholy (1988) as Father Silva
- The Dawning (1988) as Grandfather
Box office ranking in BritainEdit
For a number of years, British film exhibitors voted him among the top ten British stars at the box office via an annual poll in the Motion Picture Herald.
- Profile, filmreference.com; accessed 22 July 2016.
- "Trevor Howard details". The Guardian. 3 March 2008.
- Drazin, In Search of the Third Man (1999), p. 65
- Terence Pettigrew Trevor Howard: A Personal Biography, London: Peter Owen, 2001, p. 149
- "The Passionate Lives of Trevor Howard". Ottawa Citizen. 17 February 1961.
- "No Sir! Stars who refused honors". CNN. 21 December 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2009.
- Pettigrew Trevor Howard: A Personal Biography, London: Peter Owen, 2001, p. 245
- 'Bing's Lucky Number: Pa Crosby Dons 4th B.O. Crown', The Washington Post (1923–1954) [Washington, D.C] 03 Jan 1948: 12.
- "Hope tops list for popularity.". The Mail. Adelaide. 30 December 1950. p. 5 Supplement: Sunday Magazine. Retrieved 19 April 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Vivien Leigh Actress of the Year.". Townsville Daily Bulletin. Qld. 29 December 1951. p. 1. Retrieved 27 April 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
- "COMEDIAN TOPS FILM POLL.". The Sunday Herald. Sydney. 28 December 1952. p. 4. Retrieved 27 April 2012 – via National Library of Australia.
References and sourcesEdit
- Drazin, Charles (1999). In Search of the Third Man. Methuen. ISBN 0413739309.
- Knight, Vivienne (1986). Trevor Howard: A Gentleman and a Player. Muller, Blond & White. ISBN 978-0584111361.
- Munn, Michael (June 1989). Trevor Howard: The Man and his Films. Robson Books Ltd. ISBN 978-0860515395.
- Pettigrew, Terence (2001). Trevor Howard: A Personal Biography. Peter Owen. ISBN 978-0720611243.