Samuel Grosvenor Wood (July 10, 1883 – September 22, 1949) was an American film director and producer, who was best known for directing such Hollywood hits as A Night at the Opera, A Day at the Races, Goodbye, Mr. Chips, and The Pride of the Yankees. He was also involved in a few acting and writing projects.
|Born||Samuel Grosvenor Wood
July 10, 1883
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
|Died||September 22, 1949
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Heart attack|
|Occupation||Film director, writer, producer, actor, real estate broker|
|Spouse(s)||Clara L. Roush (1908-1949; his death)|
Life and careerEdit
Wood was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He began his career as an actor, and worked for Cecil B. De Mille as an assistant in 1915. A solo director by 1919, Wood worked throughout the 1920s directing some of Paramount Pictures's biggest stars, among them Gloria Swanson and Wallace Reid.
He joined Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1927, where he spent most of his career. While filming the Marx Brothers' A Day at the Races, Wood became exasperated by the brothers' lack of seriousness on the set and shouted, "You can't make an actor out of clay!" Groucho Marx immediately replied, "Nor a director out of Wood!"
Wood became increasingly and aggressively conservative. In 1943, he tamped down much of the anti-fascist content of For Whom the Bell Tolls, saying "It would be the same love story if they were on the other side." In 1944, he founded and served as president of the Motion Picture Alliance for the Preservation of American Ideals. The organization quietly lobbied the House Un-American Activities Committee to examine Communist elements in the movie industry, which they did in 1947. Wood had been keeping a black notebook in which he wrote down the names of those he considered subversive. His daughter Jeane Wood said that his crusade "transformed Dad into a snarling, unreasoning brute." Shortly following a 1949 meeting of his Motion Picture Alliance in which he had raged against a liberal screenwriter who was suing the group for slandering him, Wood suffered a fatal heart attack. He had added a condition to his will: no one, including his children, could collect their inheritance until they filed a legal affidavit affirming that they had never been Communists.
Samuel Grosvenor Wood was born on July 10, 1883 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to William Henry Wood and Katherine (Corn) Wood. Wood was married to Clara Louise Roush on August 25, 1908 and until his death in 1949. One of Wood's daughters, born Gloria Wood, was film and television actress K.T. Stevens. Another daughter was also an actress, Jeane Wood who married Joe Sawyer.
With Academy Award nominations and wins in the table
- Double Speed (1920)
- Excuse My Dust (1920)
- The Dancin' Fool (1920)
- Sick Abed (1920)
- What's Your Hurry? (1920)
- A City Sparrow (1920)
- Her Beloved Villain (1920)
- Her First Elopement (1920)
- The Snob (1921)
- Peck's Bad Boy (1921)
- The Outside Woman (1921)
- The Great Moment (1921)
- Under the Lash (1921)
- Don't Tell Everything (1921)
- Her Husband's Trademark (1922)
- Her Gilded Cage (1922)
- Beyond the Rocks (1922)
- The Impossible Mrs. Bellew (1922)
- My American Wife (1922)
- Prodigal Daughters (1923)
- Bluebeard's 8th Wife (1923)
- His Children's Children (1923)
- The Next Corner (1924)
- Bluff (1924)
- The Female (1924)
- The Mine with the Iron Door (1924)
- The Re-Creation of Brian Kent (1925)
- Fascinating Youth (1926)
- One Minute to Play (1926)
- Rookies (1927 film) (1927)
- A Racing Romeo (1927)
- The Fair Co-Ed (1927)
- The Latest from Paris (1928)
- Telling the World (1928)
- So This Is College (1929)
- It's a Great Life (1929)
- "Biography for Sam Wood". tcm.com. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
- "Sam Wood Biography- Hal Erickson, All Movie Guide". moviefone.com. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Friedrich, Otto, City of Nets, Harper & Row, 1986, pg. 167-168
- Friedrich, Otto, City of Nets, Harper & Row, 1986, pg. 168
- "Sam Wood (1883 - 1949) - Find A Grave Memorial". www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
- "Sam Wood | Hollywood Walk of Fame". www.walkoffame.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
- "Sam Wood". latimes.com. Retrieved 2016-07-11.