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Brian Keith (born Robert Alba Keith,[1] November 14, 1921 – June 24, 1997) was an American film, television and stage actor who in his six-decade-long career gained recognition for his work in movies such as the Disney family film The Parent Trap (1961), the comedy The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming (1966), and the adventure saga The Wind and the Lion (1975), in which he portrayed President Theodore Roosevelt.

Brian Keith
Brian Keith - still.jpg
Keith in Dino, 1957
Born
Robert Alba Keith

(1921-11-14)November 14, 1921
DiedJune 24, 1997(1997-06-24) (aged 75)
Cause of deathSuicide by gunshot
Resting placeWestwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery
NationalityAmerican
Other namesRobert Keith Jr.
EducationEast Rockaway High School
OccupationActor
Years active1924–1997
Spouse(s)
Frances Helm (m. 1948–1954)

Judy Landon (m. 1954–1969)

Victoria Young (m. 1970)
Children7
Parent(s)Robert Keith
Helena Shipman

On television two of his best-known roles were those of bachelor-uncle-turned-reluctant-parent Bill Davis in the 1960s sitcom Family Affair, and a tough retired judge in the 1980s lighthearted crime drama, Hardcastle and McCormick. He also starred in The Brian Keith Show, which aired on NBC from 1972 to 1974, where he portrayed a pediatrician who operated a free clinic on Oahu, and in the CBS comedy series Heartland.

Early lifeEdit

Robert Alba Keith was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, on November 14, 1921, to actor Robert Keith and stage actress Helena Shipman, a native of Aberdeen, Washington. Some sources also list his full name as Brian Robert Keith.[2] He was Roman Catholic.[3]

Keith's parents divorced, and he moved to Hollywood and started his acting career at the age of two. He made his acting debut in the silent film Pied Piper Malone (1924), at the age of three.[citation needed]

His mother continued to perform on stage and radio, while his grandmother Apker helped to raise him on Long Island, New York, just 37 miles east of where he was born.[1] She taught young Keith to read books over his age level. Prior to learning to read, he spent a lot of time backstage while his parents performed, keeping quiet for hours. Helena fondly recalled keeping her little son in the dressing room in one of her dressing room drawers. He remained calm and quiet, and would sleep through the entire show.[citation needed]

From 1927 to 1929, Keith's stepmother was Peg Entwistle, a well-known Broadway actress who committed suicide by jumping from the "H" of the famous Hollywood Sign in 1932. After graduating from East Rockaway High School in 1939, in East Rockaway, New York, Keith joined the United States Marine Corps (1942–1945). He served during World War II as an air gunner (he was a radio-gunner in the rear cockpit of a two-man Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber in a U.S. Marine squadron) and received an Air Medal.[citation needed]

After the war, Keith became a stage actor, branching out into films and then television.

CareerEdit

 
Keith and Spike in The Westerner (1960)

TheatreEdit

Keith made his Broadway debut in 1948 in the ensemble of Mister Roberts, which starred his father as "Doc".

He was a guard in Darkness at Noon (1951) by Sidney Kingsley, and was in Out West of Eighth (1951), which only had a short run.

Television and FilmsEdit

Keith began to guest star on shows like Hands of Mystery, Shadow of the Cloak, and an adaptation of Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea in Tales of Tomorrow. He was in Police Story, Suspense, Eye Witness, The United States Steel Hour, Robert Montgomery Presents, and The Motorola Television Hour.[4]

Keith's feature film debut was in a Western for Paramount, Arrowhead (1953). He stayed at that studio for Alaska Seas (1954), replacing Van Heflin, and Jivaro (1954).[5]

Keith guest starred on Campbell Summer Soundstage, The Pepsi-Cola Playhouse, Lux Video Theatre, and The Mask, and went to Columbia for The Bamboo Prison (1954).

Keith played Mike Hammer in a pilot for a TV series directed by Blake Edwards but the series was not picked up.

At Columbia he appeared in The Violent Men (1955), Tight Spot (1955), and 5 Against the House (1955), the last two directed by Phil Karlson.[6] He was meant to support Joan Crawford in Queen Bee but did not appear in the final film.[7]

He guest starred on The Elgin Hour, Mystery Is My Business, Jane Wyman Presents The Fireside Theatre and Studio 57.

CrusaderEdit

In 1955, Keith starred in his own series, Crusader, as the fictional journalist Matt Anders, who tries to free captive peoples from communist countries. This series aired on CBS for two seasons from October 7, 1955, to December 28, 1956.

He continued to appear in films for Columbia, such as Storm Center (1956) co starring with Bette Davis and Nightfall (1956) with Aldo Ray. He guest starred on shows like The Box Brothers, Studio 57 again, The Ford Television Theatre, Climax! and Wire Service. In June 1956 he announced he had formed his own company, Michael Productions, and had optioned a story by Robert Blees called Cairo.[8]

Film stardomEdit

Keith was second billed in Dino (1957) with Sal Mineo, and Run of the Arrow (1957) with Rod Steiger. He was top billed in Chicago Confidential (1957) but returned to support parts with Appointment with a Shadow (1957) Hell Canyon Outlaws (1957), and Fort Dobbs (1958). He announced he would make Alien Virus for his Michael Productions but it was not made.[9]

Keith was top billed in some low budget action movies: Violent Road (1958), Desert Hell (1958), Sierra Baron (1958), and Villa!! (1958). The last two were shot back to back in Mexico.[10][11]

He guest starred on Studio One in Hollywood, Rawhide, Laramie, Alfred Hitchcock Presents and an episode of Zane Grey Theater, which was written and directed by Sam Peckinpah and would later lead to The Westerner.

The Westerner and DisneyEdit

Keith supported Paul Newman in The Young Philadelphians (1959) and had the lead in two productions for Disney, the TV show Elfego Baca: Move Along, Mustangers (1959) and the feature Ten Who Dared (1960).

In 1960, he won acclaim for his starring role in Sam Peckinpah's extremely hard-bitten, adult, and short-lived series The Westerner (1960). It only went for 13 episodes but became a cult classic. "Only four or five of those were any good," said Keith later. "But those four or five were as good as anything anybody has ever done."[12]

Keith guest starred in: The Untouchables, The Americans, Frontier Circus, Alcoa Premiere, Outlaws, Follow the Sun, and Alfred Hitchcock Presents again.

Keith made a second film for Disney, playing the father of twins in the film The Parent Trap (1961), costarring Hayley Mills and Maureen O'Hara, which was a huge hit. Critical acclaim was given to The Deadly Companions (1961), a Western with O'Hara which marked Peckinpah's feature directorial debut.

Keith did two more films for Disney, Moon Pilot (1962) and Savage Sam (1963). He guest starred on: Target: The Corruptors, The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, The Virginian (1963), Sam Benedict, Dr. Kildare, The Fugitive, Wagon Train, 77 Sunset Strip, Kraft Suspense Theatre, The Great Adventure, Profiles in Courage.

Keith did a Western for Universal, The Raiders (1963) then returned to Disney for Johnny Shiloh (1963), Bristle Face (1964), The Tenderfoot (1964), A Tiger Walks (1964) and Those Calloways (1965). He went to Fox for The Pleasure Seekers (1964) and had support roles in The Hallelujah Trail (1965), The Rare Breed (1966) (again with O'Hara), and Nevada Smith (1966) co starring with Steve McQueen as traveling gunsmith Jonas Cord.

Keith did two comedies, The Russians Are Coming! The Russians Are Coming! (1966) for Norman Jewison and Way... Way Out (1966) with Jerry Lewis.

Family AffairEdit

 
Keith (center right) with Sebastian Cabot (top) and the other costars of Family Affair

In 1966, Keith landed the role of Uncle Bill Davis on CBS's popular television situation comedy Family Affair. This role earned him three Emmy Award nominations for Best Actor in a Comedy Series.[13] The show made him a household name. It was in the vein of such successful 1960s and 1970s sitcoms that dealt with widowhood and/or many single-parent issues as: The Andy Griffith Show, My Three Sons, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, Here's Lucy, Julia, The Courtship of Eddie's Father, The Brady Bunch, The Partridge Family, and Sanford And Son. During its first season in 1966, Family Affair was an immediate hit, ranking #15 in the Nielsen ratings.[14] By the end of its fifth season, in 1971, Family Affair still had high ratings but was canceled after 138 episodes.

Kathy Garver, who co-starred as Keith's teenaged niece, Cissy, on Family Affair, indicated that Keith said: "I'm a cultural Irishman, don't you know, I'm a cultural Irishman." Garver explained: "But he went through many manifestations and changes of character, during the five years that we shot. At first, he was up and then his second year, he was going through a divorce and then, the third year, he met somebody else; and he became more anecdotal and told stories that he loved kids, and he was very outspoken about those that he did not like. So, he was a very interesting character and it was Brian and Sebastian Cabot [who played Mr. French] had such a different style of acting and that's another reason I think that Family Affair was so popular and stayed as it did. Both excellent actors, both coming from very different methods and styles of acting with Sebastian was more from the classical style and he would take home his script and he would dutifully look at every single word and have it to perfection, and then Brian would come in and say, 'Oh what do we have today? Let me see the scene, uh-huh, uh-huh, let's go!' So he was very improvisational, motion of the moment. And those two different styles really worked out each other, very well."[15]

During the series' run Keith appeared in Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) with Marlon Brando, With Six You Get Eggroll (1968) with Doris Day, Krakatoa: East of Java (1968) for Cinerama, and Gaily, Gaily (1969) for Norman Jewison.

He had leading roles in Suppose They Gave a War and Nobody Came? (1970) for Cinemrama and The McKenzie Break (1970).[16]

In 1970 Keith moved to Hawaii.[12]

Family Affair ended in 1971. Keith made Scandalous John (1971) for Disney, Something Big (1972) with Dean Martin and director Andrew McLaglen, and the TV movie Second Chance (1972).[17]

The Brian Keith Show, The Zoo Gang, ArcherEdit

Keith went on to star as pediatrician Dr. Sean Jamison in the NBC sitcom The Brian Keith Show (also known as The Little People), filmed on an estate at the foot of Diamond Head, Hawaii. The series was cancelled in 1974 after two seasons. "The show ended because it was bad not because of Hawaii," said Keith.[12]

Keith also starred in the role of Steven "The Fox" Halliday in the six-part television miniseries, The Zoo Gang (1974), about a group of former underground French Resistance fighters from World War II. The show also starred Sir John Mills, Lilli Palmer, and Barry Morse. It screened in Europe but not the US.[12]

Keith was third billed in The Yakuza (1974) and in The Wind and the Lion (1975), Keith played President Theodore Roosevelt for writer-director John Milius.

He starred in the TV series Archer (1975) as Lew Archer but it only ran six episodes.[12]

Keith did some Westerns, The Quest (1976) pilot, and Joe Panther (1976), and the TV movie The Loneliest Runner (1976). He had a support role in Nickelodeon (1976) and did the TV movies In the Matter of Karen Ann Quinlan (1977) and The Court-Martial of George Armstrong Custer (1977). He was in How the West Was Won (1978), Hooper (1978) with Burt Reynolds, Centennial (1979), and The Chisholms (1979).

Keith spoke fluent Russian, which led to his casting as a Russian in two roles: as a Soviet scientist in the film Meteor (1979) with Natalie Wood, and as the Soviet Premier in the NBC miniseries World War III (1982) with Rock Hudson.

He replaced Bernard Hughes on Broadway in Da and was on The Seekers (1979), Power (1980), The Silent Lovers (1980), The Mountain Men (1980) with Charlton Heston, and Charlie Chan and the Curse of the Dragon Queen (1981). Of the latter he joked " "I only did the picture because it had a long title, and I seem to specialise in those".[4]

He had support roles in Sharky's Machine (1981) with Reynolds and Cry for the Strangers (1982).

Hardcastle and McCormick, Pursuit of Happiness and HeartlandEdit

Keith once again returned to series television in 1983, with Hardcastle and McCormick, in the role of a cranky retired judge named Milton C. Hardcastle. Daniel Hugh Kelly costarred as ex-con Mark McCormick in this ABC crime drama with elements of comedy. The chemistry of Keith and Kelly was a hit, and the series lasted three years until its cancellation in 1986.[2]

During the series run Keith was in Murder, She Wrote and The B.R.A.T. Patrol (1986).

Keith starred in The Alamo: Thirteen Days to Glory (1987) (as Davy Crockett), and Death Before Dishonor then did another TV series Pursuit of Happiness (1987–88) which ran ten episodes.

He was in After the Rain (1988), Young Guns (1988), and Perry Mason: The Case of the Lethal Lesson (1989). He was in another short lived series Heartland (1989). He had roles in Welcome Home (1989), and Lady in the Corner (1989).

Later careerEdit

Keith made a guest appearance in the Evening Shade, season 1 episode "Chip Off The Old Brick" (1991), as the loud-mouthed father of Herman Stiles (played by actor Michael Jeter). He was in The Gambler Returns: The Luck of the Draw (1991) and had the lead in Walter & Emily (1991) a short lived sitcom, and The Streets of Beverly Hills (1992) a pilot.

Keith performed the role of Mullibok on the "Star Trek: Deep Space Nine", season 1 episode entitled "Progress" (1993), in which an elderly farmer resists forceable relocation by Bajoran authorities.

Among his last performances were The Secrets of Lake Success, Wind Dancer, The Commish, Under a Killing Moon (1994), The Return of Hunter: Everyone Walks in L.A. (1995), The Monroes, Favorite Deadly Sins (1995), Entertaining Angels: The Dorothy Day Story (1996), Walker, Texas Ranger, Touched by an Angel, and The Second Civil War (1997).

Keith guest starred in an episode of the TV series "The Marshal" titled "The Bounty Hunter" (1995) in which he played then Wichita Kansas Police Chief Rick Stone under the stage name of "Chief Skoblow". The Wichita Police Department cooperated with the Canadian TV production company by providing details of Chief Stone's actual police dress uniform for Keith to wear during the episode.

In his last film Keith played President William McKinley in the film Rough Riders (1997). Director John Milius dedicated the film to "Brian Keith, Actor, Marine, Raconteur."[18]

Personal lifeEdit

Keith married three times, first to Frances Helm; then, in 1954, to actress Judy Landon (who made a guest appearance on Family Affair); and finally, in 1970, to Hawaiian actress Victoria Young (née Leialoha), who later appeared on The Brian Keith Show as Nurse Puni.

Keith fathered two children with Landon (Michael and Mimi), and together they adopted three others (Barbra, Betty, and Rory). He fathered two children with Young (David and Daisy). Daisy became an actress and appeared with her father in the short-lived series Heartland, in 1989.[19]

DeathEdit

During the latter part of his life, Keith suffered from emphysema and lung cancer, despite having quit smoking ten years earlier. He had appeared in an endorsement campaign for Camel cigarettes in 1955. On June 24, 1997, he was found dead of a self-inflicted gunshot wound[20] in his home in Malibu, California, two months after his daughter Daisy committed suicide. It was also reported that he had financial problems and suffered from depression throughout his final days.[19]

Maureen O'Hara stated in an interview not long after Keith died that she believed he did not commit suicide. She stated that he had a large gun collection, and enjoyed cleaning them and showing them to people. She believed he might have been cleaning the gun or looking at it when it went off, and that his death was an accident and definitely not a suicide. She had just visited him and said he was in good spirits. She also stated that he would not have committed suicide owing to his Catholic beliefs. She did not address the fact that Keith left a suicide note.[21]

Keith's family was joined by many mourners at a private funeral, including Family Affair co stars Kathy Garver and Johnny Whitaker, and Hardcastle and McCormick co star Daniel Hugh Kelly. Keith's ashes were interred next to those of his daughter Daisy at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles, California.[22] This is the same cemetery where Keith's Family Affair co-star, Sebastian Cabot is buried.

LegacyEdit

On June 26, 2008, Brian Keith received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[23]

WorkEdit

FilmEdit

TelevisionEdit

StageEdit

Heyday (1946) "Mr. Roberts" as First Mate (Circa 1950 as Robert Keith, Jr.) N.B. Robert Keith, Sr. was the Doctor in it.

Video GamesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Keith, Victoria Y. (2014). "About Us". BrianKeith.com. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  2. ^ a b Van Gelder, Lawrence (June 25, 1997). "Brian Keith, Hardy Actor, 75; Played Dads and Desperadoes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  3. ^ Hays, Matthew. "It's a Family Affair". Montreal Mirror. Archived from the original on 2012-06-30. Retrieved 2015-08-29. I was surprised at Brian, who was Catholic, ...
  4. ^ a b Obituary: Brian Keith Vosburgh, Dick. The Independent 26 June 1997: 18.
  5. ^ DISNEY IS TESTING FOX' CINEMASCOPE: ' Pleased' With Film Process, but Isn't Sure He Will Use It on Dog Cartoon Feature By THOMAS M. PRYORSpecial to THE NEW YORK TIMES 27 June 1953: 7.
  6. ^ Brian Keith Set for 'Five Against House' Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 14 Oct 1954: A13.
  7. ^ Brian Keith to Star With Joan Crawford Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 5 Feb 1955: 14.
  8. ^ Drama: John Wayne Revives Batjac; Heston to Tour Straw Hat Show Circuit Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 4 June 1956: A9.
  9. ^ Modern 'Sergeant York' Type Aimed at Sinatra; Rome Fashion Fete Due Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 5 Aug 1957: C11.
  10. ^ Dexter, Maury (2012). Highway to Hollywood (PDF). p. 92.
  11. ^ By THOMAS M PRYOR Special to The New York Times. (1957, Nov 19). REGAL TO START TEN FILMS SOON. New York Times (1923-Current File)
  12. ^ a b c d e Brian Keith's playing Lew Archer--but with Hawaii on his mind Smith, Cecil. Los Angeles Times 26 Jan 1975: q2.
  13. ^ "Brian Keith Biography". TV Guide. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  14. ^ Mavis, Paul (December 1, 2007). "Family Affair-Season Four". DVD Talk. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  15. ^ "OSB Episode 120". On Screen & Beyond. July 11, 2010. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  16. ^ Break' Role for Keith Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 18 Oct 1968: f18.
  17. ^ MOVIE CALL SHEET: 'big' Role for Carol White Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 19 Feb 1971: i9.
  18. ^ "Brian Keith: Inducted to the Walk of Fame on June 26, 2008, with 1 star". Hollywood Walk of Fame. June 26, 2008. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  19. ^ a b Simon, Stephanie (June 25, 1997). "Brian Keith – Hollywood Star Walk". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  20. ^ Simon, Stephanie (June 25, 1997). "Actor Brian Keith Found Dead in Apparent Suicide". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  21. ^ "Maureen O'Hara Discusses Her Life in Film". CNN Transcripts. CNN. October 28, 2000. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  22. ^ "Brian Keith-Daisy Keith grave plaques". Seeing-Stars. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  23. ^ "Brian Keith Honored At The Hollywood Walk of Fame". Getty Images. June 28, 2008. Retrieved 2015-08-29.
  24. ^ "Set Up for Death". Suspense. 1949.

External linksEdit