Virginia's 11th congressional district

Virginia's 11th congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The district stretches from Herndon to Quantico, comprising most of Fairfax County, all of the City of Fairfax, as well as part of eastern Prince William County. The district is represented by Democrat Gerry Connolly.

Virginia's 11th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 11th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Gerry Connolly
DFairfax
Distribution
  • 99.97% urban[1]
  • 0.03% rural
Population (2019)789,553[2]
Median household
income
$118,099[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+19[4]

The Hill newspaper quotes census data to conclude that Virginia's 11th district was the wealthiest congressional district in the nation from 2003 to 2013. The article attributed the wealth to the many lobbyists and two-career couples in Northern Virginia.[5]

The district last existed in what is now West Virginia's 1st district and was held by Jacob B. Blair before the events of the U.S. Civil War. Virginia did not have an 11th district until it was re-created after the 1990 United States Census from portions of the old 8th and 10th districts because of explosive growth in Northern Virginia. It was intended to be a "fair fight" district; indeed, it encompassed most of the more Democratic portions of the old 10th district and the more Republican portions of the old 8th district. George W. Bush only narrowly defeated John Kerry here in 2004, while Democratic Governor Tim Kaine and Democratic Senator Jim Webb both carried this district, in 2005 and 2006 respectively. In 2008, Barack Obama won this district over Republican Senator John McCain. Democrat Leslie L. Byrne briefly held the seat for the first election cycle of the new district, but was quickly defeated in 1994 by Republican Tom Davis. Davis established a secure hold on the district during his tenure (1995–2008), but Democrat Gerald Connolly won it when Davis stepped down. Both Davis and Connolly may have been aided by their previous service on the Board of Supervisors of Fairfax County, where most of the 11th district's population is concentrated. 61.5% of 11th congressional district residents live in Fairfax County.[6] The results of the 2010 United States Census showed this district's population continued to grow, and due to redistricting covered more urban areas in Northern Virginia to favor the incumbent, Connolly.

Recent electoral historyEdit

1992-1998sEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election (new district), 1992
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Leslie L. Byrne 114,172 50.02
Republican Henry N. Butler 103,119 45.17
Independent A. T. "Art" Narro 6,681 2.93
Independent Perry J. Mitchell 4,155 1.82
Write-ins 145 0.06
Total votes 228,272 100.00
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis 98,216 52.90
Democratic Leslie L. Byrne (inc.) 84,104 45.30
Independent Gordon S. Cruickshank 3,246 1.75
Write-ins 114 0.06
Total votes 185,680 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 138,758 64.10
Democratic Thomas J. Horton 74,701 34.51
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 2,842 1.31
Write-ins 181 0.08
Total votes 216,482 100.00
Republican hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 91,603 81.71
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 18,807 16.78
Write-ins 1,701 1.52
Total votes 112,111 100.00
Republican hold

2000sEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 150,395 61.90
Democratic Mike L. Corrigan 83,455 34.35
Independent Robert K. McBride 4,774 1.96
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 4,059 1.67
Write-ins 285 0.12
Total votes 242,968 100.00
Republican hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 135,379 82.90
Constitution Frank W. Creel 26,892 16.47
Write-ins 1,027 0.63
Total votes 163,298 100.00
Republican hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 186,299 60.25
Democratic Ken Longmyer 118,305 38.26
Independent Joseph P. Oddo 4,338 1.40
Write-ins 259 0.08
Total votes 309,233 100.00
Republican hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 130,468 55.45
Democratic Andrew L. Hurst 102,411 43.57
Independent Greens Ferdinando C. Greco 2,042 0.87
Write-ins 259 0.11
Total votes 235,280 100.00
Republican hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly 196,598 54.69
Republican Keith Fimian 154,758 43.05
Independent Greens Joseph P. Oddo 7,271 2.02
Write-ins 864 0.24
Total votes 359,491 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

2010sEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2010 [7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 111,720 49.22
Republican Keith Fimian 110,739 48.79
Independent Christopher F. DeCarlo 1,846 0.81
Libertarian David L. Dotson 1,382 0.60
Independent Greens David William Gillis, Jr. 959 0.42
Write-ins 305 0.13
Total votes 226,951 100
Democratic hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 202,606 60.98
Republican Christopher Perkins 117,902 35.49
Independent Mark T. Gibson 3,806 1.15
Independent Christopher F. DeCarlo 3,027 0.91
Green Joe F. Galdo 2,195 0.66
Independent Greens Peter M. Marchetti 1,919 0.58
Write-ins 788 0.24
Total votes 332,243 100
Democratic hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2014 [8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 106,780 56.86
Republican Suzanne Scholte 75,796 40.36
Libertarian Marc Harrold 3,264 1.74
Green Joe F. Galdo 1,739 0.93
Write-ins 226 0.12
Total votes 187,805 100
Democratic hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2016 [9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 247,818 87.88
Write-ins 34,185 12.12
Total votes 282,003 100
Democratic hold
Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2018 [10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 219,191 71.11
Republican Jeff Dove 83,023 26.93
Libertarian Stevan Porter 5,546 1.80
Write-ins 490 0.16
Total votes 308,250 100
Democratic hold

2020sEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2020 [11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 280,733 71.6
Republican Manga Anantatmula 111,380 28.4
Total votes 392,113 94.0
Democratic hold

Statewide electionsEdit

Data on election results for Virginia districts can be found via the Virginia Department of Elections.[12]

Year Office Results
1996 President Clinton 48%–46%
Senator Warner 55%–45%
1997 Governor Gilmore 52%–47%
Lieutenant Governor Hager 49%–47%
Attorney General Earley 53%–47%
2000 President Bush 52%–45%
Senator Robb 53%–47%
2001 Governor Warner 56%–44%
Lieutenant Governor Kaine 54%–45%
Attorney General Kilgore 51%–49%
2004 President Bush 50%–49%[13]
2008 President Obama 57%–42%[14]
2012 President Obama 62%–36%[15]
2013 Governor McAuliffe 60%–35%–5%[16]
Lieutenant Governor Northam 65%–34%[17]
Attorney General Herring 63%–37%[18]
2014 Senator Warner 59%–38%[19]
2016 President Clinton 66%–27%[20]
2018 Senator Kaine 73%–25%[21]
2020 President Biden 70%–28%[22]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1793
 
Josiah Parker
Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
6th
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Lost re-election.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
 
Thomas Newton Jr.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7th Elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
Anthony New Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
8th Redistricted from the 16th district and re-elected in 1803.
Retired.
James M. Garnett Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
9th
10th
Elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Retired.
John Roane Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11th
12th
Elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
John Dawson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 31, 1814
13th Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1813.
Died.
Vacant March 31, 1814 –
September 19, 1814
 
Philip P. Barbour
Democratic-Republican[a] September 19, 1814 –
March 3, 1825
13th
14th
15th
16th
17th
18th
Elected in June 1814 to finish Dawson's term and seated September 19, 1814.
Re-elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Retired.
Robert Taylor Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1825.
Retired.
 
Philip P. Barbour
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
October 15, 1830
20th
21st
Elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Resigned to become U.S. Circuit Court judge.
Vacant October 16, 1830 –
November 24, 1830
21st
 
John M. Patton
Jacksonian November 25, 1830 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected to finish Barbour's term
Re-elected in 1831.
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
June 2, 1834
23rd Elected in 1833.
Resigned.
Vacant June 3, 1834 –
December 7, 1834
John Robertson Anti-Jacksonian December 8, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
Elected to finish Stevenson's term
Re-elected in 1835.
Re-elected in 1837.
Retired.
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
 
John M. Botts
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Elected in 1839.
Re-elected in 1841.
Lost re-election.
William Taylor Democratic March 4, 1843 –
January 17, 1846
28th
29th
Elected in 1843.
Re-elected in 1845.
Died.
Vacant January 18, 1846 –
March 5, 1846
29th
 
James McDowell
Democratic March 6, 1846 –
March 3, 1851
29th
30th
31st
Elected to finish Taylor's term
Re-elected in 1847.
Re-elected in 1849.
Retired.
 
John Letcher
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd Elected in 1851.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
John F. Snodgrass Democratic March 4, 1853 –
June 5, 1854
33rd Elected in 1853.
Died.
Vacant June 6, 1854 –
December 3, 1854
 
Charles S. Lewis
Democratic December 4, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
Elected to finish Snodgrass's term
Lost re-election.
 
John S. Carlile
American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1855.
Lost re-election.
 
Albert G. Jenkins
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected in 1857.
Re-elected in 1859.
Resigned (Civil War).
 
John S. Carlile
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
July 9, 1861
37th Elected in 1861.
Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Vacant July 10, 1861 –
December 1, 1861
 
Jacob B. Blair
Unionist December 2, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Elected to finish Carlile's term
Retired.
District eliminated March 3, 1863
District recreated January 3, 1993
 
Leslie Byrne
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Elected in 1992.
Lost re-election.
 
Tom Davis
Republican January 3, 1995 –
November 24, 2008
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Retired and then resigned.
Vacant November 24, 2008 –
January 3, 2009
110th
 
Gerry Connolly
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
present
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Supported the Crawford faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=11
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=11
  4. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  5. ^ Barr, Andy (February 28, 2006). "Washington Area Tops List for Income". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  6. ^ "Virginia Census Viewer". Census Viewer. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  7. ^ "November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Unofficial Results as of November 5, 2010". Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on November 3, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "2016 November General Congress". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  10. ^ https://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2018%20November%20General/Site/Congress.html
  11. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2020/11/03/us/elections/results-virginia-house-district-11.html
  12. ^ Virginia Department of Elections: Election Results. Accessed June 1 ,2017.
  13. ^ "Official Results/President". Commonwealth of Virginia/November 2nd – General Election. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on December 28, 2012.
  14. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 2008 Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016.
  15. ^ "President>President And Vice President>Votes By District". November 6, 2012 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on August 9, 2016.
  16. ^ "Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  17. ^ "Lieutenant Governor>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  18. ^ "Attorney General>Votes by District". November 2013 General Election Official Results. Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  19. ^ "Turnout by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  20. ^ "2016 November General President". Retrieved October 1, 2020.
  21. ^ "2018 U.S. Senate Results by Congressional District". The Virginia Public Access Project. Retrieved June 16, 2018.
  22. ^ https://www.dailykos.com/stories/2012/11/19/1163009/-Daily-Kos-Elections-presidential-results-by-congressional-district-for-the-2012-2008-elections

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°47′18″N 77°17′41″W / 38.78833°N 77.29472°W / 38.78833; -77.29472