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Virginia's 11th congressional district

Virginia's Eleventh Congressional District is a U.S. congressional district in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The district stretches from Herndon to Quantico, comprising most of Fairfax County, all of the city of Fairfax, and part of eastern Prince William County. The residents of the 11th district are represented by Democrat Gerry Connolly.

Virginia's 11th congressional district
Virginia US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
Virginia's 11th Congressional District - since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Gerry Connolly
DMantua
Distribution
  • 99.97[1]% urban
  • 0.03% rural
Population (2016)802,910[2]
Median income$106,527[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+15[4]

The Hill newspaper quotes census data to conclude that Virginia's 11th district was the wealthiest congressional district in the nation from 2003 to 2013. The article attributed the wealth to the many lobbyists and two-career couples in Northern Virginia.[5]

The district last existed in what is now West Virginia's 1st District and was held by Jacob B. Blair before the events of the U.S. Civil War. Virginia did not have an 11th District until it was re-created after the 1990 United States Census from portions of the old 8th and 10th districts because of explosive growth in Northern Virginia. It was intended to be a "fair fight" district; indeed, it encompassed most of the more Democratic portions of the old 10th District and the more Republican portions of the old 8th District. George W. Bush only narrowly defeated John Kerry here in 2004, while Democratic Governor Tim Kaine and Democratic Senator Jim Webb both carried this district, in 2005 and 2006 respectively. In 2008, Barack Obama won this district over Republican Senator John McCain. Democrat Leslie L. Byrne briefly held the seat for the first election cycle of the new district, but was quickly defeated in 1994 by Republican Tom Davis. Davis established a secure hold on the district during his tenure (1995–2008), but Democrat Gerald Connolly won it when Davis stepped down. Both Davis and Connolly may have been aided by their previous service on the Board of Supervisors of Fairfax County, where most of the 11th district's population is concentrated. 61.5% of 11th Congressional District residents live in Fairfax County.[6] The results of the 2010 United States Census showed this district's population continued to grow, and due to redistricting covered more urban areas in Northern Virginia to favor the incumbent, Connolly.

Recent electoral historyEdit

1992 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election (new district), 1992
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Leslie L. Byrne 114,172 50.02
Republican Henry N. Butler 103,119 45.17
Independent A. T. "Art" Narro 6,681 2.93
Independent Perry J. Mitchell 4,155 1.82
Write-ins 145 0.06
Total votes 228,272 100.00

1994 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1994
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis 98,216 52.90
Democratic Leslie L. Byrne (inc.) 84,104 45.30
Independent Gordon S. Cruickshank 3,246 1.75
Write-ins 114 0.06
Total votes 185,680 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic

1996 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1996
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 138,758 64.10
Democratic Thomas J. Horton 74,701 34.51
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 2,842 1.31
Write-ins 181 0.08
Total votes 216,482 100.00
Republican hold

1998 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 1998
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 91,603 81.71
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 18,807 16.78
Write-ins 1,701 1.52
Total votes 112,111 100.00
Republican hold

2000 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 150,395 61.90
Democratic Mike L. Corrigan 83,455 34.35
Independent Robert K. McBride 4,774 1.96
Independent C. W. "Levi" Levy 4,059 1.67
Write-ins 285 0.12
Total votes 242,968 100.00
Republican hold

2002 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 135,379 82.90
Constitution Frank W. Creel 26,892 16.47
Write-ins 1,027 0.63
Total votes 163,298 100.00
Republican hold

2004 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 186,299 60.25
Democratic Ken Longmyer 118,305 38.26
Independent Joseph P. Oddo 4,338 1.40
Write-ins 259 0.08
Total votes 309,233 100.00
Republican hold

2006 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Tom Davis (inc.) 130,468 55.45
Democratic Andrew L. Hurst 102,411 43.57
Independent Greens Ferdinando C. Greco 2,042 0.87
Write-ins 259 0.11
Total votes 235,280 100.00
Republican hold

2008 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly 196,598 54.69
Republican Keith Fimian 154,758 43.05
Independent Greens Joseph P. Oddo 7,271 2.02
Write-ins 864 0.24
Total votes 359,491 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

2010 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2010 [7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 111,720 49.22
Republican Keith Fimian 110,739 48.79
Independent Christopher F. DeCarlo 1,846 0.81
Libertarian David L. Dotson 1,382 0.60
Independent Greens David William Gillis, Jr. 959 0.42
Write-ins 305 0.13
Total votes 226,951 100
Democratic hold

2012 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 202,606 60.98
Republican Christopher Perkins 117,902 35.49
Independent Mark T. Gibson 3,806 1.15
Independent Christopher F. DeCarlo 3,027 0.91
Green Joe F. Galdo 2,195 0.66
Independent Greens Peter M. Marchetti 1,919 0.58
Write-ins 788 0.24
Total votes 332,243 100
Democratic hold

2014 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2014 [8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 106,780 56.86
Republican Suzanne Scholte 75,796 40.36
Libertarian Marc Harrold 3,264 1.74
Green Joe F. Galdo 1,739 0.93
Write-ins 226 0.12
Total votes 187,805 100
Democratic hold

2016 ElectionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2016 [9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 247,818 87.88
Write-ins 34,185 12.12
Total votes 282,003 100
Democratic hold

2018 electionEdit

Virginia's 11th Congressional District election, 2018 [10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gerry Connolly (inc.) 219,191 71.11
Republican Jeff Dove 83,023 26.93
Libertarian Stevan Porter 5,546 1.80
Write-ins 490 0.16
Total votes 308,250 100
Democratic hold

Statewide electionsEdit

Data on election results for Virginia districts can be found via the Virginia Department of Elections.[11]

Year Office Results
1996 President Clinton 48 - 46%
Senator Warner 55 - 45%
1997 Governor Gilmore 52 - 47%
Lieutenant Governor Hager 49 - 47%
Attorney General Earley 53 - 47%
2000 President Bush 52 – 45%
Senator Robb 53 - 47%
2001 Governor Warner 56 - 44%
Lieutenant Governor Kaine 54 - 45%
Attorney General Kilgore 51 - 49%
2004 President Bush 50 – 49%
2008 President Obama 57 – 42%
2012 President Obama 62.5 – 36.3%
2016 President Clinton 66.1 – 27.1%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1793
 
Josiah Parker
Pro-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1797.
Re-elected in 1799.
Lost re-election.
Federalist March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
Thomas Newton Jr. Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
Elected in 1801.
Redistricted to the 20th district.
Anthony New Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Redistricted from the 16th district and re-elected in 1803.
Retired.
James M. Garnett Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
Elected in 1805.
Re-elected in 1807.
Retired.
John Roane Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
Elected in 1809.
Re-elected in 1811.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
John Dawson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 31, 1814
Redistricted from the 10th district and re-elected in 1813.
Died.
Vacant March 31, 1814 –
September 19, 1814
 
Philip P. Barbour
Democratic-Republican September 19, 1814 –
March 3, 1823
Elected in June 1814 to finish Dawson's term and seated September 19, 1814.
Re-elected in 1815.
Re-elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Retired.
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Robert Taylor Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Elected in 1825.
Retired.
 
Philip P. Barbour
Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
October 15, 1830
Elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
Resigned to become U.S. Circuit Court judge
Vacant October 16, 1830 –
November 24, 1830
 
John M. Patton
Jacksonian November 25, 1830 –
March 3, 1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 13th district.
 
Andrew Stevenson
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
June 2, 1834
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant June 3, 1834 –
December 7, 1834
John Robertson Anti-Jacksonian December 8, 1834 –
March 3, 1837
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
 
John M. Botts
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
William Taylor Democratic March 4, 1843 –
January 17, 1846
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant January 18, 1846 –
March 5, 1846
 
James McDowell
Democratic March 6, 1846 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
John Letcher
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 9th district.
John F. Snodgrass Democratic March 4, 1853 –
June 5, 1854
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant June 6, 1854 –
December 3, 1854
 
Charles S. Lewis
Democratic December 4, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
John S. Carlile
American March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Albert G. Jenkins
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
John S. Carlile
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
July 9, 1861
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Senator.
Vacant July 10, 1861 –
December 1, 1861
 
Jacob B. Blair
Unionist December 2, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
District eliminated March 3, 1863
District re-created: January 3, 1993
 
Leslie Byrne
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Tom Davis
Republican January 3, 1995 –
November 24, 2008
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired and then resigned.
Vacant November 24, 2008 –
January 3, 2009
 
Gerry Connolly
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
present
Elected in 2008.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=11
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=51&cd=11
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Barr, Andy (February 28, 2006). "Washington Area Tops List for Income". The Hill. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. Archived from the original on May 8, 2006. Retrieved June 7, 2009.
  6. ^ "Virginia Census Viewer". Census Viewer. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  7. ^ "November 2, 2010 General and Special Elections Unofficial Results as of November 5, 2010". Virginia State Board of Elections. Archived from the original on November 3, 2010. Retrieved November 9, 2010.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 7, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "2016 November General Congress". Virginia State Board of Elections. Retrieved November 26, 2016.
  10. ^ https://results.elections.virginia.gov/vaelections/2018%20November%20General/Site/Congress.html
  11. ^ Virginia Department of Elections: Election Results. Accessed June 1 ,2017.

External linksEdit