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Indiana's 1st congressional district

Indiana's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Indiana. The district is based in Gary and its surrounding suburbs and exurbs. It consists of all of Lake and Porter counties and most of western LaPorte County in the northwestern part of the state. Redistricting passed by the Indiana General Assembly in 2011 shifted the district's boundaries, effective January 2013, to include all of Lake and Porter counties and the western and northwestern townships of LaPorte County, while moving Benton, Jasper and Newton counties out of the district.

Indiana's 1st congressional district
Indiana US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Indiana's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Pete Visclosky
DMerrillville
Area2,209.37 sq mi (5,722.2 km2)
Distribution
  • 87.02% urban
  • 12.98% rural
Population (2018 est.)714,756
Median income$56,794[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+8[3]

The district is currently represented by Democrat Pete Visclosky.

The district's character is very different from the rest of Indiana. It includes almost all of the Indiana side of the Chicago metropolitan area. While Porter and LaPorte counties are swing counties, Lake County is heavily Democratic. Lake County contains more than 70 percent of the district's population and has more people than the rest of the district combined, which is enough to make the 1st a relatively safe Democratic seat. The district has not elected a Republican to Congress in 90 years, making it one of the most Democratic districts in the nation. Among Indiana's congressional districts, only the Indianapolis-based 7th District is more Democratic.

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 56 - George W. Bush 42%
2004 President John Kerry 55 - George W. Bush 44%
2008 President Barack Obama 63.3 - John McCain 35.8%
2012 President Barack Obama 61.2 - Mitt Romney 37.4%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 54.1 - Donald Trump 41.5%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Term Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
District created March 4, 1823
William Prince Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
September 8, 1824
18th Elected in 1822.
Announced retirement then died.
1823–1833
Daviess, Dubois, Gibson, Greene, Knox, Lawrence, Martin, Monroe, Morgan, Orange, Owen, Parke, Perry, Pike, Posey, Putnam, Spencer, Sullivan, Vanderburgh, Vigo, and Warrick Counties
Vacant September 8, 1824 –
December 23, 1824
Jacob Call Jackson Democratic-Republican December 23, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Elected only to finish Prince's term, but not the next term.
 
Ratliff Boon
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
19th Elected in 1824.
Lost re-election.
Thomas H. Blake Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th Elected in 1826.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Ratliff Boon
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
George H. Proffit Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert D. Owen
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1847
28th
29th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Elisha Embree Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [Data unknown/missing.]
Nathaniel Albertson Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
James Lockhart Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Smith Miller Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1857
33rd
34th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Lockhart Democratic March 4, 1857 –
September 7, 1857
35th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant September 7, 1857 –
December 7, 1857
 
William E. Niblack
Democratic December 7, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
Elected to finish Lockhart's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John Law Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1865
37th
38th
[Data unknown/missing.]
1863–1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William E. Niblack
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1875
39th
40th
41st
42nd
43rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1873–1883
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Benoni S. Fuller
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William Heilman
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
46th
47th
[Data unknown/missing.]
John J. Kleiner Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1883–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Alvin P. Hovey
Republican March 4, 1887 –
January 17, 1889
50th [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected Governor of Indiana.
Vacant January 17, 1889 –
January 29, 1889
Francis B. Posey Republican January 29, 1889 –
March 3, 1889
Elected to finish Hovey's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
William F. Parrett Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Arthur H. Taylor Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.] 1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
James A. Hemenway
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1905
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1905 –
May 16, 1905
59th
John H. Foster Republican May 16, 1905 –
March 3, 1909
59th
60th
Elected to finish the vacant term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John W. Boehne Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles Lieb
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1917
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
George K. Denton Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
65th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Oscar R. Luhring
Republican March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
66th
67th
[Data unknown/missing.]
William E. Wilson Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th [Data unknown/missing.]
Harry E. Rowbottom Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
John W. Boehne Jr. Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
William T. Schulte
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1943
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
1933–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Ray J. Madden
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1977
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Adam Benjamin Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
September 7, 1982
95th
96th
97th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant September 7, 1982 –
November 2, 1982
97th
 
Katie B. Hall
Democratic November 2, 1982 –
January 3, 1985
97th
98th
Elected to finish Benjamin's term.
Also elected in 1982 to the next term.
Lost renomination.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Pete Visclosky
Democratic January 3, 1985 –
Present
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
 
2013–Present
 

Counties located in Indiana's 1st Congressional DistrictEdit

As of 2013.

# County Seat Population
45, 94, 96 Lake Crown Point 496,005
46* LaPorte LaPorte 111,467
64 Porter Valparaiso 164,343

Cities of 10,000 or more peopleEdit

(2010 Census)

Towns of 10,000 or more peopleEdit

2,500 - 10,000 peopleEdit

(2010 Census)

Historical Election ResultsEdit

General election 1824[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 4,281 42.1
Independent Jacob Call 3,222 31.7
National Republican Thomas H. Blake 2,661 26.2
General election 1826[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Republican Thomas H. Blake 5,223 43.0
Democratic Ratliff Boon 5,202 42.8
Independent Lawrence S. Shuler 1,723 14.2
General election 1828[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 7,272 52.2
National Republican Thomas H. Blake 6,671 47.8
General election 1830[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 11,280 50.9
Democratic John Law 10,868 49.1
General election 1832[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 3,973 50.6
Independent Dennis Pennington 1,120 14.3
Independent Robert M. Evans 1,069 13.6
Independent James R. E. Goodlet 788 10.0
Independent Seth M. Levenworth 611 7.8
General election 1834[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 4,028 51.4
Whig John G. Clendenin 3,815 48.6
General election 1836[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ratliff Boon 4,534 50.4
Whig John Pitcher 4,467 49.6
General election 1838[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George H. Proffit 6,008 53.5
Democratic Robert Dale Owen 5,229 46.5
General election 1840[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Joseph Trumbull 5,142 57.1
Democratic Thomas Seymour 3,867 42.9
General election 1842[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Dale Owen 6,679 52.2
Whig John W. Payne 6,127 47.8
General election 1844[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Robert Dale Owen 7,336 53.7
Whig George P. R. Wilson 6,331 46.3
General election 1846[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Elisha Embree 7,446 51.4
Democratic Robert Dale Owen 7,054 48.7
General election 1848[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Nathaniel Albertson 8,271 52.1
Whig Elisha Embree 7,598 47.9
General election 1850[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic James Lockhart 8,173 51.0
Whig Lemuel Debruler 7,855 49.0
General election 1852[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Smith Miller 9,007 59.0
Whig Kea 9,007 51.0
General election 1854[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Smith Miller 9,864 52.2
Know Nothing Hall 9,051 47.9
General election 1856[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic James Lockhart 12,747 61.5
Republican James C. Veatch 7,977 38.5
General election 1858[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 10,329
Republican Alvin P. Hovey 8,946 46.4
General election 1860[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Law 13,476 55.7
Republican Lemuel Debruler 10,731 44.3
General election 1862[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Law 11,963 53.1
National Union Johnson 10,583 46.9
General election 1864[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 14,718 53.9
National Union Cyrus M. Allen 112,616 46.2
General election 1866[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 17,255 52.0
Republican Lemuel Debruler 15,905 48.0
General election 1868[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 18,116 52.1
Republican James Veatch 16,631 47.9
General election 1870[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 17,577 53.4
Republican Hy C. Goodling 15,327 46.6
General election 1872[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William E. Niblack 19,259 50.2
Republican Heilman 19,127 49.8
General election 1874[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Benoni S. Fuller 12,864 50.7
Republican Heilman 12,527 49.3
General election 1876[29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Benoni S. Fuller 14,727 50.6
Republican C. A. Debruler 13,158 45.2
General election 1878[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican William Heilman 13,928 48.7
Democratic Thomas E. Garvin 13,928 48.7
Greenback Thomas F. Drebruler 1,595 5.6
General election 1880[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican William Heilman 17,719 49.4
Democratic John Kleiner 17,420 48.6
General election 1882[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John Kleiner 18,048 51.6
Republican William Heilman 16,399 46.9
General election 1884[33]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John J. Kleiner 19,930 51.5
Republican William H. Gudgel 18,493 47.8
General election 1886[34]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Alvin P. Hovey 18,258 49.0
Democratic J. E. McCullough 16,901 45.4
General election 1888[35]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William F. Parrett 20,647 49.3
Republican Frank B. Posey 20,627 49.3
General election 1890[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William F. Parrett 17,730 50.4
Republican James S. Wright 16,875 48.0
General election 1892[37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Arthur H. Taylor 19,720 47.4
Republican A. P. Twineham 19,266 46.3
Populist Moses Smith 2,110 5.1
General election 1894[38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 20,535 47.8
Democratic Arthur H. Taylor 18,245 42.5
Populist James A. Boyce 3,820 8.9
General election 1896[39]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 21,807 49.6
Democratic Thomas Duncan 20,856 47.4
General election 1898[40]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 20,383 50.7
Democratic Thomas Duncan 19,337 48.1
General election 1900[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 22,262 49.7
Democratic Alfred Dale Owen 22,060 49.3
General election 1902[42]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 21,542 52.0
Democratic John W. Spencer 17,833 43.1
General election 1904[43]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James A. Hemenway 23,158 51.1
Democratic Albert G. Holcomb 19,399 42.8
General election 1906[44]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican James H. Foster 20c278 50.0
Democratic Gusatvus V. Menzies 18,959 46.7
General election 1908[45]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John W. Boehne 23,054 48.3
Republican John H. Foster 22,965 48.1
General election 1910[46]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John W. Boehne 22,420 52.3
Republican Francis B. Posey 18,606 43.4
General election 1912[47]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charles Lieb 20,014 45.7
Republican D.H. Ortmeyer 13,158 30.0
Progressive Humphrey C. Heidt 6,022 13.7
Socialist William H Rainey 3,737 8.5
General election 1914[48]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Charles Lieb 20,488 46.6
Republican S. Wallace Cook 17,661 40.1
Progressive U.H Seider 3,519 8.0
General election 1916[49]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic George F. Denton 23,278 48.1
Republican S. Wallace Cook 22,955 47.4
General election 1918[50]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Oscar R. Luhring 20,440 52.0
Democratic George K. Denton 18,837 48.0
General election 1920[51]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Oscar R. Luhring 44,694 51.7
Democratic William E. Wilson 36,834 42.6
General election 1922[52]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William . Wilson 42,797 53.6
Republican Oscar . Luhring 36,835 44.9
General election 1924[53]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Harry E. Rowbottom 48,203 52.1
Democratic William E. Wilson 44,335 47.9
General election 1926[54]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Harry E. Rowbottom 37,503 52.4
Democratic William E. Wilson 34,061 47.6
General election 1928[55]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Harry E. Rowbottom 49,013 50.8
Democratic John W. Boehne, Jr. 47,404 49.2
General election 1930[56]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic John W. Boehne, Jr. 46,836 53.9
Republican Harry E. Rowbottom 40,015 46.1
General election 1932[57]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William T. Schulte 45,473 50.0
Republican Oscar A. Ahlgren 42,575 46.8
General election 1934[58]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William T. Schulte 44,983 53.5
Republican E. Miles Norton 38,531 45.9
General election 1936[59]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William T. Schulte 68,210 66.4
Republican Fred F. Schultx 24,259 33.3
General election 1938[60]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William T.Schulte 56,630 54.9
Republican M. Elliott Belshaw 46,370 45.0
General election 1940[61]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic William T. Schulte 71,606 60.8
Republican Elliot Belshaw 45,947 39.0
General election 1942[41]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 44,334 53.6
Republican Samuel W. Cullison 38,450 48.5
General election 1944[62]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 75,635 61.3
Republican Otto G. Fifield 46,969 38.1
General election 1946[63]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 51,809 51.9
Republican Charles W. Gannon 46,677 48.8
General election 1948[64]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 78,898 60.7
Republican Theodore L. Sendak 50,194 38.6
General election 1950[65]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 62,666 52.6
Republican Paul Cyr 56,063 47.0
General election 1952[66]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 93,187 56.4
Republican Elliot Belshaw 71,617 43.3
General election 1954[67]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 81,217 61.4
Republican Robert H. More 50,439 38.2
General election 1956[68]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 93,658 52.6
Republican Donald K. Stimson Jr. 84,125 47.2
General election 1958[69]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 95,801 66.4
Republican Edward P. Keck 47,588 33.0
General election 1960[70]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 136,443 64.7
Republican Phillip P. Parker 73,984 35.1
General election 1962[71]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 104,212 60.5
Republican Harold Moody 67,230 39.0
General election 1964[72]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 133,089 63.7
Republican Arthur Endres 75,226 36.0
General election 1966[73]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 71,040 58.3
Republican Albert F. Harrigan 50,804 41.7
General election 1968[74]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 90,055 56.7
Republican Donalrd E. Taylor 68,318 43.0
General election 1970[75]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 73,145 65.6
Republican Eugene M. Kirtland 38,294 34.4
General election 1972[76]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 95,873 56.9
Republican Bruce R. Haller 72,662 43.1
General election 1974[77]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Ray J. Madden 71,759 68.6
Republican Joseph D. Harkin 32,793 31.4
General election 1976[78]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Adam Benjamin, Jr. 121,155 71.3
Republican Robert J. Billings 48,756 31.7
General election 1978[79]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Adam Benjamin, Jr. 72,367 80.2%
Republican Robert J. Billings 17,419 19.3
U.S. Labor Christopher Martinson 384 0.4%
General election 1980[80]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Adam Benjamin, Jr. 112,016 72.0%
Republican Joseph Douglas Harkin 43,537 28.0%

Recent electionsEdit

2002Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 90,443 66.94%
Republican Mark J. Leyva 41,909 31.02%
Libertarian Timothy P. Brennan 2,759 2.04%
Total votes 135,111 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 178,406 68.29%
Republican Mark J. Leyva 82,858 31.71%
Total votes 261,264 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 104,195 69.65%
Republican Mark J. Leyva 40,146 26.83%
Independent Chuck Barman 5,266 3.52%
Total votes 149,607 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 199,954 70.90%
Republican Mark J. Leyva 76,647 27.18%
Libertarian Jeff Duensing 5,421 1.92%
Total votes 282,022 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 99,387 58.56%
Republican Mark J. Leyva 65,558 38.63%
Libertarian Jon Morris 4,762 2.81%
Total votes 169,707 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2012Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election (2012)[81]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 187,743 67.28%
Republican Joel Phelps 91,291 32.72%
Total votes 279,034 100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2014Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election, (2014)[82]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 86,579 60.85%
Republican Mark Leyva 51,000 35.84%
Libertarian Donna Dunn 4,714 3.31%
Independent James Johnson Jr. (Write-in) 0 0.00%
Total votes 142,293 100.00%
Democratic hold

2016Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election, (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 207,514 81.51%
Libertarian Donna Dunn 47,051 18.48%
Independent John Meyer 17 0.00%
Total votes 254,583 100.00%
Democratic hold

2018Edit

Indiana's 1st Congressional District Election, (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Pete Visclosky (Incumbent) 159,611 65.1%
Republican Mark Leyva 85,594 34.9%
Independent Jonathan S. Kleinman (write-in) 4 0.0%
Total votes 245,209 100.0%
Democratic hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of April 2017, no former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 1st congressional district are alive. The most recent representative to die was Katie Hall (served 1982–1985) on February 20, 2012.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=18&cd=01
  2. ^ https://censusreporter.org/profiles/50000US1801-congressional-district-1-in/
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 545
  5. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 548
  6. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 551
  7. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 556
  8. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 560
  9. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 564
  10. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 568
  11. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 572
  12. ^ a b Congressional Quarterly
  13. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 578
  14. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 582
  15. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 585
  16. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 589
  17. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 593
  18. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 595
  19. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 598
  20. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 601
  21. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 605
  22. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 607
  23. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 610
  24. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 616
  25. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 619
  26. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 623
  27. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 626
  28. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 630
  29. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 634
  30. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 638
  31. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 642
  32. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 646
  33. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 650
  34. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 654
  35. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 658
  36. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 662
  37. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 667
  38. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 672
  39. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 677
  40. ^ Congressional Quarterly, p. 682
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  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • Congressional Quarterly's Guide to US Elections. Congressional Quarterly Inc. 1975. ISBN 0-87187-072-X.

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