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Indiana /ˌɪndiˈænə/ (About this soundlisten) is a U.S. state in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th-largest by area and the 17th-most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west.

Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.

Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races. Read more...

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USS Indianapolis CA-35
USS Indianapolis (CA-35) was a Portland-class heavy cruiser of the United States Navy. She holds a place in history due to the notorious circumstances of her loss, which was the worst single at-sea loss of life in the history of the U.S. Navy. After delivering the first atomic bomb to be used in combat to the United States air base at Tinian Island on 26 July 1945, she was in the Philippine Sea when attacked at 00:14 on 30 July 1945 by a Japanese submarine. Most of the crew was lost to shark attacks, as they floated helplessly for several days, waiting for assistance. Indianapolis was the second to last US Navy ship sunk by enemy action in World War II (The submarine USS Bullhead was attacked by Japanese aircraft with depth charges and sunk on 6 August 1945).

Indianapolis was laid down on 31 March 1930 by the New York Shipbuilding Corp.; launched on 7 November 1931; sponsored by Miss Lucy Taggart, daughter of the late Senator Thomas Taggart; and commissioned at the Philadelphia Navy Yard on 15 November 1932. The USS Indianapolis National Memorial was dedicated on August 2, 1995. It is located on the Canal Walk in Indianapolis. Some material relating to the USS Indianapolis is held by the Indiana State Museum.

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Entrance to Wyandotte Cave




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Jonathan Jennings
Jonathan Jennings (1784 – July 26, 1834) was a Democratic-Republican governor and congressman from Indiana. Born in Readington, New Jersey, he immigrated to Indiana in 1806 and became the Indiana Territory's representative to Congress for three terms. The leader of the anti-slavery moment in Indiana, Jennings became one of the post popular figures in the territory and served as president of Indiana's constitutional convention where he and his partisans were able to instate a constitutional ban on slavery. After statehood was granted, Jennings was elected to serve as the first Governor of Indiana. After his governorship, he returned to Congress, representing Indiana for five terms.

Spotlight city

Hammond is a city in Lake County, Indiana, United States. It is part of Chicagoland. The population was 83,048 at the 2000 census. The city sits within the boundaries of the former Lake Chicago. Most of the city is on sandy soil with a layer of black topsoil that varies from non-existent to several feet (a meter or more) thick. Much of the exposed sand has been removed for purposes such as industrial use to make concrete and glass. Hammond was incorporated on April 21, 1884. The first permanent residents arrived around 1847 to settle on land between the Grand and Little Calumet Rivers, on the South end of Lake Michigan.

State facts

Indiana
CountryUnited States
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
Largest cityIndianapolis
Largest metroIndianapolis-Carmel MSA
Government
 • GovernorEric Holcomb (R) (2017)
 • Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R) (2017)
LegislatureIndiana General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsTodd Young (R)
Mike Braun (R)
U.S. House delegationList
Population
 • Total6,080,485
 • Density169.5/sq mi (65.46/km2)
Language
 • Official languageEnglish
Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W

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Levi coffin.JPG
The Bible, in bidding us to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color, and I should try to follow out the teachings of that good book
Levi Coffin, to people questioning his involvement in the Underground Railroad

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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86