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Introduction

Indiana is the 19th U.S. state and is located in the Midwest region of the United States of America. With over six million residents, it is ranked 15th in population and 17th in population density. It is 38th in land area. Indiana is bounded on the north by Lake Michigan and the state of Michigan; on the east by Ohio; on the south by Kentucky, with which it shares the Ohio River as a border; and on the west by Illinois. Indiana is one of the Great Lakes states. As of 2006, Indiana has an estimated population of 6,313,520, which is an increase of 47,501, or 0.8%, from the prior year and an increase of 233,003, or 3.8%, since the year 2000. The total gross state product in 2005 was US$214 billion in 2000 chained dollars. Indiana's per capita income, as of 2005, was US$31,150. The Calumet region of northwest Indiana is the largest steel producing area in the U.S.

Indiana is a diverse state with a few large urban areas and a number of smaller industrial cities. It is best known for the Indianapolis 500 American automobile race, held annually over the Memorial Day weekend, and a strong basketball tradition, often called Hoosier Hysteria. Residents of Indiana are called Hoosiers. The state's name means "Land of the Indians" and Angel Mounds State Historic Site, one of the best preserved prehistoric Native American sites in the United States, can be found in southern Indiana.

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Indiana in the American Civil War
Indiana during the American Civil War played an important role. Despite significant anti-war activity in the state and southern Indiana's ancestral ties to the Southern United States, it did not secede from the Union. During the course of the war, Indiana contributed approximately 210,000 soldiers and millions of dollars of equipment and supplies to the Union. Residents of Indiana, also known as Hoosiers, served in every major engagement of the war and almost every engagement—minor or otherwise—in the western theater of the war. Indiana, an agriculturally rich state containing the fifth-highest population in the Union and sixth-highest of all states, was critical to Northern success.

The state experienced political strife when Governor Oliver P. Morton suppressed the Democratic Party-controlled General Assembly, which largely sympathized with the Confederacy, leaving the state without the authority to collect taxes. The state neared bankruptcy during 1861, but the Governor chose to use private funds rather than rely on the legislature. The state experienced two minor raids by Confederate forces and one major raid in 1863, which caused a brief panic in southern portions of the state and in the capital city, Indianapolis.

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John Roberts
John Glover Roberts Jr. (born January 27, 1955) is the seventeenth and current Chief Justice of the United States. He has served since 2005, having been nominated by President George W. Bush after the death of William Rehnquist. He is a judicial conservative and constructionist wing of the Supreme Court, ruling based primarily on the founder's intent and originalism forms of judicial philosophy. He grew up in northern Indiana where he was educated in a private boarding school before attending Harvard University where he was managing editor of the Harvard Law Review. After being admitted to the bar, Roberts became a clerk for William Rehnquist before taking a position in Attorney General's office during the Reagan Administration. He later became an Associate Counsel to President Ronald Reagan, and was appointed by President George H. W. Bush as a judge on the D.C. Circuit, but resigned after two years on the bench. He spent fourteen years in private law practice and served in the Department of Justice and Office of the White House Counsel and argued thirty-nine cases before the Supreme Court before being nominated to join the court as an associate justice. Chief Justice Requisite died during his confirmation hearings, and he was renominated to fill the newly vacant seat.

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Ball state university bell tower
Muncie is a city in Delaware County in east central Indiana, best known as the home of Ball State University and the birthplace of the Ball Corporation. It is the principal city of the Muncie, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The area was first settled in the 1770s by the Delaware Indians,who had been transported from their tribal lands near the east coast to Ohio and eastern Indiana. They founded several towns along the White River including Muncietown, near the site of present-day Muncie. The tribes were forced to cede their land to the federal government and move further west in 1818, and in 1820 the area was opened to white settlers. The city of Muncie was incorporated in 1865.

State facts

The State of Indiana
Flag of Indiana State seal of Indiana
Flag of Indiana Seal
Nickname(s):
The Hoosier State
Motto(s): The Crossroads of America
Map of the United States with Indiana highlighted
Official languageEnglish
CapitalIndianapolis
Largest cityIndianapolis
Largest metroIndianapolis-Carmel MSA
AreaRanked 38th
 • Total36,418 sq mi
(94,321 km2)
 • Width140 miles (225 km)
 • Length270 miles (435 km)
 • % water1.5
 • Latitude37° 46′ N to 41° 46′ N
 • Longitude84° 47′ W to 88° 6′ W
PopulationRanked 15th
 • Total6,080,485
 • Density169.5/sq mi  (65.46/km2)
Ranked 16th
Elevation
 • Highest pointHoosier Hill[1]
1,257 ft (383 m)
 • Mean689 ft  (210 m)
 • Lowest pointOhio River[1]
320 ft (98 m)
Admitted to the UnionDecember 11, 1816 (19th)
GovernorEric Holcomb (R) (2017)
Lieutenant GovernorSuzanne Crouch (R) (2017)
LegislatureIndiana General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTodd Young (R)
Mike Braun (R)
U.S. House delegationList
Time zones 
 • 80 countiesEastern UTC-5/-4
 • 12 counties in
Evansville and
Gary Metro Areas
Central: UTC-6/-5
ISO 3166US-IN
AbbreviationsIN
Websitewww.in.gov

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Coordinates: 40°N 86°W / 40°N 86°W / 40; -86

  1. ^ a b "Elevations and Distances in the United States". U.S Geological Survey. 29 April 2005. Retrieved 2006-11-06.