Kentucky ( (listen) kən-TUK-ee), officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States. Although styled as the "State of Kentucky" in the law creating it, Kentucky is one of four U.S. states constituted as a commonwealth (the others being Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Massachusetts). Originally a part of Virginia, in 1792 Kentucky became the 15th state to join the Union. Kentucky is the 37th most extensive and the 26th most populous of the 50 United States.
Kentucky is known as the "Bluegrass State", a nickname based on the bluegrass found in many of its pastures due to the fertile soil. One of the major regions in Kentucky is the Bluegrass Region in central Kentucky, which houses two of its major cities, Louisville and Lexington. It is a land with diverse environments and abundant resources, including the world's longest cave system, Mammoth Cave National Park, the greatest length of navigable waterways and streams in the contiguous United States, and the two largest man-made lakes east of the Mississippi River.
The Kentucky Derby
is a Grade I stakes race
for three-year-old thoroughbred horses
, held annually in Louisville, Kentucky
, on the first Saturday in May, capping the two-week-long Kentucky Derby Festival
. The race is one and a quarter miles (2 km) at Churchill Downs
carry 126 pounds (57.2 kg) and fillies
121 pounds (54.9 kg). The race is known in the United States
as "The Most Exciting Two Minutes in Sports" for its approximate duration, and is also called "The Run for the Roses" for the blanket of roses draped over the winner. It is the first leg of the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing
in the US and typically draws around 155,000 fans. It is the oldest organized sporting event
of any kind in the South, and the second oldest in the entire nation (only the Travers Stakes
The fastest time ever run in the Derby (at its present distance) was set in 1973 at 1 minute 59 2/5 seconds when Secretariat broke the record set by Northern Dancer in 1964. Not only has Secretariat's record time stood for 34 years and counting, but in the race itself, he did something unique in Triple Crown races: each successive quarter, his times were faster.
The Derby is frequently referred to as "The Run for the Roses," because a lush blanket of 554 red roses is awarded to the Kentucky Derby winner each year. The tradition is as a result of New York socialite E. Berry Wall presenting roses to ladies at a post-Derby party in 1883 that was attended by Churchill Downs president, Col. M. Lewis Clark. This gesture is believed to have eventually led Clark to the idea of making the rose the race's official flower. However, it was not until 1896 that any recorded account referred to roses being draped on the Derby winner. The Governor of Kentucky awards the garland and the trophy. Pop vocalist Dan Fogelberg composed a song by that title for the 1980 running of the race.
Newport is a city in Campbell County, Kentucky, United States, at the confluence of the Ohio and Licking Rivers. Settled about 1791, Newport was incorporated as a town in 1795 and in 1850 received a city charter. In 1900, 28,301 people lived in Newport, Kentucky; in 1910, 30,309; in 1920, 29,317; and in 1940, 30,631. The population was 17,048 at the 2000 census. It is one of two county seats of Campbell County. Newport is part of the Greater Cincinnati, Ohio Metro Area which comprises over 2 million inhabitants. Today, Newport is becoming the entertainment community of the fast-growing Northern Kentucky area while its neighboring cities--Bellevue and Covington--become the business centers.
Newport is located within a transition zone and is proximal to the extreme northern limit of the humid subtropical climate of the Southeastern United States.
Did you know...
- ... that Hodgenville, Kentucky's Abraham Lincoln Statue (Kentucky) (pictured) was built to celebrate the centennial of Lincoln's birth a few miles away?
- ...that in 1824, the Kentucky General Assembly responded to a disfavorable ruling by the Kentucky Court of Appeals by abolishing the court and replacing it with a new one?
- ...that only 10% of the monuments to the American Civil War in Kentucky were dedicated to Union forces, even through the state produced 90,000 Union troops compared to 35,000 for the Confederacy?
- ...that the Rowan County War resulted in 20 deaths, talk of dissolving Rowan County, Kentucky, and the founding of what would become Morehead State University?
- ...that one of the largest slave escape attempts in American history occurred in Kentucky in August 1848?
- ...that the Commonwealth of Kentucky had a Confederate shadow government during the U.S. Civil War, although it never officially seceded from the Union?
- ...that the oldest black church in Kentucky is the Second Christian Church in Midway, Kentucky's historic district?
Kentucky Official Symbols
"I hope to have God on my side, but I must have Kentucky." -- Abraham Lincoln
"I was brought up to believe that Scotch whisky would need a tax preference to survive in competition with Kentucky bourbon." -- Hugo Black
"Tough girls come from New York. Sweet girls, they're from Georgia. But us Kentucky girls, we have fire and ice in our blood. We can ride horses, be a debutante, throw left hooks, and drink with the boys, all the while making sweet tea, darlin'. And if we have an opinion, you know you're gonna hear it." -- Ashley Judd
"Soon after, I returned home to my family, with a determination to bring them as soon as possible to live in Kentucky, which I esteemed a second paradise, at the risk of my life and fortune." -- Daniel Boone
My Old Kentucky Home State Park
is a state park
. It is located in Bardstown
. The state park consists of Federal Hill
, a former plantation owned by the Rowan family. A visit to the site in 1852 is said to have inspired Stephen Foster
to write his famous song, My Old Kentucky Home
. On June 1
, 1992, a 29-cent stamp was issued honoring the park.
The park features an amphitheater that is home to the long-running outdoor musical, Stephen Foster — The Musical, which was usually staged each night except Monday during the summer. It is the longest running outdoor drama in the state of Kentucky, having started in 1959.
Addison Mitchell "Mitch" McConnell, Jr.
(born February 20, 1942), is the senior United States Senator
. A Republican
, he was chosen by his peers as the Minority Leader
in November 2006, making him the top-ranking Republican in the 110th Congress, which convened in January 2007.
McConnell is a member of the Baptist Church. He married Elaine Chao, the current Secretary of Labor, in 1993, and has three grown daughters from his first marriage. McConnell's first wife worked as a librarian for a small college in the Northeast.
In 1992, McConnell teamed with the University of Louisville to create the McConnell Center.
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