Open main menu

Wikipedia β

List of Governors of Indiana

The Indiana Statehouse in Indianapolis, which houses the office of the governor

The Governor of Indiana is the head of the executive branch of Indiana's state government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Indiana General Assembly, to convene that body, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment.[1]

While a territory, Indiana had two President-appointed governors.[2] Since statehood in 1816, it has had 47 governors, serving 49 distinct terms; Isaac P. Gray and Henry F. Schricker are the only governors to have served non-consecutive terms. The longest-serving state governors are Otis R. Bowen, Evan Bayh and Mitch Daniels at 8 years, 4 days; territorial governor William Henry Harrison served for over 12 years. The shortest-serving governor is Henry Smith Lane, who served two days before resigning to become a U.S. Senator.[3] The current governor is Eric Holcomb who took office on January 9, 2017 succeeding Mike Pence who later became Vice President of the United States on January 20, 2017.

Contents

GovernorsEdit

The United States acquired the land that became Indiana after the American Revolutionary War. The region was originally organized as the Northwest Territory, consisting of all of the land in the United States north and west of the Ohio River. The Indiana Territory was split from the Northwest Territory in 1800.

For the period before the Indiana Territory was formed, see the list of Governors of Northwest Territory.

Governors of the Indiana TerritoryEdit

Indiana Territory was formed on July 4, 1800, and consisted of present-day Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Michigan and Minnesota. Michigan Territory was split from the territory on June 30, 1805, and Illinois Territory followed on March 1, 1809, leaving Indiana Territory with its final borders.[4] From October 1, 1804, to July 4, 1805, the District of Louisiana was under the jurisdiction of Indiana Territory.[5]

# Governor Term in office Appointed by
1   William Henry Harrison January 10, 1801

December 28, 1812
John Adams
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison
  John Gibson December 28, 1812

March 3, 1813
acting[a]
2   Thomas Posey March 3, 1813

November 7, 1816
James Madison

Governors of the state of IndianaEdit

Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816.[7] The original 1816 Constitution of Indiana provided for the election of a governor and a lieutenant governor every three years.[8] The second and current constitution of 1851 lengthened terms to four years and set the commencement of the governor's term on the second Monday in the January following the election.[9] Governors were allowed to serve for four years in any eight-year period,[9] but this was extended by a 1972 amendment permitting governors to serve for eight years in any twelve-year period.[10] Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor.[11] Nine lieutenant governors have succeeded to the governorship. If the office of lieutenant governor is vacant, the president pro tempore of the Indiana Senate becomes governor;[11] this has happened once, when James B. Ray succeeded William Hendricks.[12]

# Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor[b]
1     Jonathan Jennings November 7, 1816

September 12, 1822
Democratic-Republican 1816
[c]
  Christopher Harrison
(resigned December 18, 1818)
Vacant
1819
[d]
Ratliff Boon
2   Ratliff Boon September 12, 1822

December 5, 1822
Democratic-Republican Vacant
3   William Hendricks December 5, 1822

February 12, 1825
Democratic-Republican 1822
[e]
Ratliff Boon
(resigned January 30, 1824)
Vacant
4   James B. Ray February 12, 1825

December 7, 1831
Independent
1825 John H. Thompson
1828 Milton Stapp
5   Noah Noble December 7, 1831

December 6, 1837
Whig 1831 David Wallace
1834
6   David Wallace December 6, 1837

December 9, 1840
Whig 1837 David Hillis
7   Samuel Bigger December 9, 1840

December 6, 1843
Whig 1840 Samuel Hall
8   James Whitcomb December 6, 1843

December 27, 1848
Democratic 1843 Jesse D. Bright
(resigned December 8, 1845)
Vacant
1846
[f]
Paris C. Dunning
9   Dunning, Paris C.Paris C. Dunning December 27, 1848

December 5, 1849
Democratic Vacant
10   Wright, Joseph A.Joseph A. Wright December 5, 1849

January 12, 1857
Democratic 1849 James Henry Lane
1852
[g]
Ashbel P. Willard
11   Ashbel P. Willard January 12, 1857

October 4, 1860
Democratic 1856
[h]
Abram A. Hammond
12   Abram A. Hammond October 4, 1860

January 14, 1861
Democratic Vacant
13   Henry Smith Lane January 14, 1861

January 16, 1861
Republican 1860
[i]
Oliver P. Morton
14   Oliver P. Morton January 16, 1861

January 24, 1867
Republican Vacant
1864
[j][k]
Conrad Baker
15   Conrad Baker January 24, 1867

January 13, 1873
Republican Vacant
1868 Will Cumback
(resigned January 11, 1871)
Vacant
16   Thomas A. Hendricks January 13, 1873

January 8, 1877
Democratic 1872 Leonidas Sexton
17   James D. Williams January 8, 1877

November 20, 1880
Democratic 1876
[l]
Isaac P. Gray
18   Isaac P. Gray November 20, 1880

January 10, 1881
Democratic Vacant
19   Albert G. Porter January 10, 1881

January 12, 1885
Republican 1880 Thomas Hanna
20   Isaac P. Gray January 12, 1885

January 14, 1889
Democratic 1884 Mahlon Dickerson Manson
(resigned July 1886)
Vacant
21   Alvin P. Hovey January 14, 1889

November 23, 1891
Republican 1888
[m]
Ira Joy Chase
22   Ira J. Chase November 23, 1891

January 9, 1893
Republican Vacant
23   Claude Matthews January 9, 1893

January 11, 1897
Democratic 1892 Mortimer Nye
24   James A. Mount January 11, 1897

January 14, 1901
Republican 1896 William S. Haggard
25   Winfield T. Durbin January 14, 1901

January 9, 1905
Republican 1900 Newton W. Gilbert
26   J. Frank Hanly January 9, 1905

January 11, 1909
Republican 1904 Hugh Thomas Miller
27   Thomas R. Marshall January 11, 1909

January 13, 1913
Democratic 1908 Frank J. Hall
28   Samuel M. Ralston January 13, 1913

January 8, 1917
Democratic 1912 William P. O'Neill
29   James P. Goodrich January 8, 1917

January 10, 1921
Republican 1916 Edgar D. Bush
30   Warren T. McCray January 10, 1921

April 30, 1924
Republican 1920
[n]
Emmett Forrest Branch
31   Emmett Forrest Branch April 30, 1924

January 12, 1925
Republican Vacant
32   Edward L. Jackson January 12, 1925

January 14, 1929
Republican 1924 F. Harold Van Orman
33   Harry G. Leslie January 14, 1929

January 9, 1933
Republican 1928 Edgar D. Bush
34   Paul V. McNutt January 9, 1933

January 11, 1937
Democratic 1932 M. Clifford Townsend
35   M. Clifford Townsend January 11, 1937

January 13, 1941
Democratic 1936 Henry F. Schricker
36   Henry F. Schricker January 13, 1941

January 8, 1945
Democratic 1940 Charles M. Dawson
37   Ralph F. Gates January 8, 1945

January 10, 1949
Republican 1944 Richard T. James
(resigned April 1, 1948)
Vacant
Rue J. Alexander
(appointed April 14, 1948)
(died January 2, 1949)
Vacant
38   Henry F. Schricker January 10, 1949

January 12, 1953
Democratic 1948 John A. Watkins
39   George N. Craig January 12, 1953

January 14, 1957
Republican 1952 Harold W. Handley
40   Harold W. Handley January 14, 1957

January 9, 1961
Republican 1956 Crawford F. Parker
41   Matthew E. Welsh January 9, 1961

January 11, 1965
Democratic 1960 Richard O. Ristine
42   Roger D. Branigin January 11, 1965

January 13, 1969
Democratic 1964 Robert L. Rock
43   Edgar Whitcomb January 13, 1969

January 8, 1973
Republican 1968 Richard E. Folz
44   Otis R. Bowen January 8, 1973

January 12, 1981
Republican 1972 Robert D. Orr
1976
45   Robert D. Orr January 12, 1981

January 9, 1989
Republican 1980 John Mutz
1984
46   Evan Bayh January 9, 1989

January 13, 1997
Democratic 1988 Frank O'Bannon
1992
47   Frank O'Bannon January 13, 1997

September 13, 2003
Democratic 1996 Joe Kernan
2000
[o]
48   Joe Kernan September 13, 2003

January 10, 2005
Democratic Vacant
Kathy Davis
(appointed October 20, 2003)
49   Mitch Daniels January 10, 2005

January 14, 2013
Republican 2004 Becky Skillman
2008
50   Mike Pence January 14, 2013

January 9, 2017
Republican 2012 Sue Ellspermann
(resigned March 2, 2016)
Vacant
Eric Holcomb
(appointed March 3, 2016)
51   Eric Holcomb January 9, 2017

Present
Republican 2016
[p]
Suzanne Crouch

Living former U.S. governors of IndianaEdit

As of January 2017, there are four former governors of Indiana who are currently living at this time, the oldest being Joe Kernan (served 2003–2005, born 1946). The most recent governor to die was Edgar Whitcomb (served 1969–1973, born 1917), on February 4, 2016. The most recently serving governor to die was Frank O'Bannon (served 1997–2003, born 1930), in office on September 13, 2003.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ John Gibson is sometimes known as Indiana's second territorial governor. He actually only served as acting governor of the Indiana Territory during the absences of Governor William Henry Harrison.[6]
  2. ^ Does not include acting lieutenant governors. All lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor.
  3. ^ Jennings was appointed a United States commissioner to conclude a treaty with native tribes on April 15, 1818; after this time, Harrison was acting as governor. However, by accepting the post, Harrison believed Jennings had vacated the seat, and thus felt he had succeeded Jennings to the governorship. The state legislature declined to confirm this, and Harrison resigned on December 18, 1818.[13]
  4. ^ Jennings resigned to take an elected seat in the United States House of Representatives; as lieutenant governor, Boon succeeded him.
  5. ^ Hendricks resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as the office of lieutenant governor was vacant, Ray, as president pro tempore of the senate, succeeded him.
  6. ^ Whitcomb resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Dunning succeeded him.
  7. ^ Terms were lengthened from three to four years beginning with this term.
  8. ^ Willard died in office; as lieutenant governor, Hammond succeeded him.
  9. ^ Lane resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Morton succeeded him.
  10. ^ Morton resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; as lieutenant governor, Baker succeeded him.
  11. ^ Baker acted as governor from October 1865 to March 1866 while Morton sought treatment for a stroke and handed over executive powers.[14]
  12. ^ Williams died in office; as lieutenant governor, Gray succeeded him.
  13. ^ Hovey died in office; as lieutenant governor, Chase succeeded him.
  14. ^ McCray resigned following his conviction for mail fraud, and served three years in prison until he was pardoned by President Herbert Hoover.[15] As lieutenant governor, Branch succeeded him.
  15. ^ O'Bannon died in office; as lieutenant governor, Kernan succeeded him.
  16. ^ Governor Holcomb's first term expires on January 11, 2021.

ReferencesEdit

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ IN Const. art V
  2. ^ Funk, p. 204
  3. ^ "Henry Smith Lane". Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  4. ^ Funk, p. 188
  5. ^ Shoemaker, Floyd Calvin (1916). Missouri's Struggle for Statehood, 1804–1821. Jefferson City: The Hugh Stephens Printing Co. pp. 15–24. OCLC 4014912. Retrieved December 23, 2008. 
  6. ^ "John Gibson Letters". Indiana State Library. Archived from the original on December 2, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008. 
  7. ^ Funk, p. 36
  8. ^ 1816 Const. art. IV, § 3
  9. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 1
  10. ^ McLauchlan p. 94
  11. ^ a b IN Const. art. V, § 10
  12. ^ Woollen, p. 56
  13. ^ 1919 Year Book, p. 981
  14. ^ "Indiana Governor Conrad Baker". National Governors Association. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Warren Terry McCray". Indiana Historical Bureau. Archived from the original on November 16, 2008. Retrieved December 6, 2008.