National Governors Association
The National Governors Association (NGA) is an American political organization founded in 1908. The association’s members are the governors of the 55 states, territories and Commonwealths. Members come to the association from across the political spectrum, and NGA itself is nonpartisan.
|Chair||Asa Hutchinson (R-AR)|
|Vice Chair||Phil Murphy (D-NJ)|
|Executive Committee||Charlie Baker (R-MA)|
Doug Ducey (R-AZ)
Larry Hogan (R-MD)
Kay Ivey (R-AL)
Michelle Lujan Grisham (D-NM)
Jared Polis (D-CO)
Gretchen Whitmer (D-MI)
|Headquarters||444 N Capitol St, Ste 267|
Washington, D.C., U.S.
In 1907, the Inland Waterways Commission thought it necessary to ask the Conference of Governors to provide both state and national views relating to practical questions dealing with natural resources utilization and management in the Progressive Era. The NGA represents the governors of the fifty U.S. states and five U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands). It is funded primarily by state dues, federal grants and contracts, and private contributions.
The NGA serves as a public policy liaison between the state governments and the federal government. NGA provides governors and their senior staff members with services that range from representing states on Capitol Hill and at the White House when discussing federal issues to developing policy reports on state programs and hosting networking seminars for state executive branch officials. The NGA Center for Best Practices focuses on state innovations and best practices on issues that range from education and health to technology, welfare reform, and the environment. NGA also provides management and technical assistance to both new and incumbent governors.
NGA adopted a policy in 1977 formalizing its standard practice dating back to 1941: The position of NGA chair alternates yearly between Republican and Democratic governors, so that neither party can control the position for two consecutive years. The vice chair is usually of the opposite party to the chair, and generally assumes the role of NGA chair the following year. The current NGA chair is Governor Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas, a Republican who previously served as Vice Chair from 2020-2021. The current vice chair is Governor Phil Murphy of New Jersey, a Democrat.
Arkansas' Bill Clinton is, to date, the only former chair of the organization to become president of the United States. Janet Napolitano of Arizona became the first female chair in 2006.
In February 2020, then-Secretary of State Mike Pompeo warned the National Governors Association that the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was actively attempting to influence U.S. policy through state governors and local officials. In October 2020, the United States Department of State discontinued U.S. participation in the U.S.-China Governors Forum to Promote Sub-National Cooperation due to alleged attempts by the Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, a front organization for the CCP's United Front Work Department, to "malignly influence state and local leaders" in the U.S.
Formally adopted as policy in 1977, chairs preside for a one-year term and alternate party affiliation, so the same party never serves for two terms in a row.
The following states have never produced an NGA chairperson: Alabama, Alaska, Connecticut, Hawaii, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina and South Dakota; nor have any of the five territories: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
- Cecil Andrus resigned as Governor of Idaho upon being confirmed as Secretary of the Interior in January 1977. Florida's Reuben Askew completed Andrus' unexpired term as chair.
- Joe Manchin resigned as Governor of West Virginia when he was elected to the United States Senate in November 2010. Washington's Christine Gregoire completed Manchin's unexpired term as chair.
- First Ministers' conference, a similar body in Canada
- Council of Australian Governments, a similar body in Australia
- Joint Ministerial Committee (UK), a similar body in the United Kingdom
- National Governors Conference (Mexico), a similar organization in Mexico
- United States Conference of Mayors
- Republican Governors Association
- Democratic Governors Association
- Governors Highway Safety Association
- Inland Waterways Commission Recommendations... Inquiries in Progress Letter to the President, October 5, 1907: ..."3. We are of opinion that the conference may best be held in the national capital next winter, and that the conferees should comprise the governors of all our States and Territories, a limited number of delegates to be appointed by each governor, and representatives from leading organizations of both State and national scope engaged in dealing with natural resources or with practical questions relating thereto... In his Memphis address on October 4 the President announced the intention of calling such a conference, and on November 13 he issued invitations to the governors of the States and Territories to meet at the White House May 13–15, 1908;..."
- FAQ Archived 2013-12-14 at the Wayback Machine National Governors Association website, "How is NGA funded?" Retrieved Dec 8, 2013.
- "National Governors Association". Retrieved 2021-02-25.
- Allen-Ebrahimian, Bethany (February 19, 2020). "How a Chinese think tank rates all 50 U.S. governors". Axios. Retrieved February 19, 2020.
- "U.S. designates Chinese body a foreign mission, quits local cooperation agreement". Reuters. 2020-10-28. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
- "Designation of the National Association for China's Peaceful Unification (NACPU) as a Foreign Mission of the PRC". United States Department of State. October 28, 2020. Retrieved 2020-10-30.
- "Historical Timeline". National Governors Association Centennial. Archived from the original on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2008-10-27.