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Owen County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana, and determined by the U.S. Census Bureau to include the mean center of U.S. population in 1920. As of 2010, the population was 21,575.[1] The county seat is Spencer.[2]

Owen County, Indiana
Owen County Indiana Courthouse.jpg
Owen County Courthouse in Spencer, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Owen County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1819
Named for Abraham Owen
Seat Spencer
Largest town Spencer
Area
 • Total 387.82 sq mi (1,004 km2)
 • Land 385.29 sq mi (998 km2)
 • Water 2.54 sq mi (7 km2), 0.65%
Population
 • (2010) 21,575
 • Density 56/sq mi (21.63/km²)
Congressional district 8th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website Owen County Official Website
Footnotes: Indiana county number 60

Owen County is part of the Bloomington, Indiana, Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

GeographyEdit

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 387.82 square miles (1,004.4 km2), of which 385.29 square miles (997.9 km2) (or 99.35%) is land and 2.54 square miles (6.6 km2) (or 0.65%) is water.[3]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

HistoryEdit

Owen County was formed in 1819. It was named after Abraham Owen, a colonel who died at the Battle of Tippecanoe.

In 1920, the United States Census reported Owen County as the Center of Population for the US at a point 8 miles south-southeast of Spencer, Indiana. The center moved the shortest distance since census data collecting began in 1790 (just under 10 miles) from its previous center in Bloomington, IN. When the East experienced high rates of growth, as it did in the decades between 1890 and 1920, the Westward movement of the center slowed.[4]

Climate and weatherEdit

Spencer, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.6
 
 
34
15
 
 
2.6
 
 
40
19
 
 
3.7
 
 
51
28
 
 
4.5
 
 
62
37
 
 
5
 
 
72
47
 
 
4.7
 
 
81
57
 
 
4.6
 
 
84
61
 
 
4.5
 
 
82
59
 
 
3.3
 
 
76
50
 
 
3.2
 
 
65
38
 
 
4.1
 
 
52
30
 
 
3.3
 
 
40
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Spencer have ranged from a low of 15 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −33 °F (−36 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 107 °F (42 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.56 inches (65 mm) in January to 4.97 inches (126 mm) in May.[5]

GovernmentEdit

Presidential Elections Results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.9% 6,153 22.7% 1,946 5.4% 458
2012 62.4% 5,062 34.8% 2,823 2.8% 228
2008 54.0% 4,415 43.7% 3,570 2.3% 185
2004 65.8% 5,000 33.4% 2,536 0.9% 68
2000 61.8% 4,019 34.7% 2,253 3.6% 231
1996 48.8% 3,056 35.8% 2,244 15.4% 966
1992 42.0% 2,753 33.7% 2,207 24.3% 1,595
1988 60.3% 3,837 39.0% 2,484 0.7% 42
1984 66.5% 4,204 32.9% 2,082 0.6% 37
1980 58.5% 3,632 37.4% 2,325 4.1% 255
1976 47.8% 2,896 51.3% 3,103 0.9% 56
1972 69.3% 3,896 30.4% 1,708 0.4% 22
1968 51.6% 2,898 34.4% 1,932 14.0% 788
1964 45.3% 2,788 54.2% 3,339 0.5% 33
1960 60.4% 3,700 38.8% 2,379 0.8% 49
1956 58.5% 3,685 41.0% 2,581 0.6% 35
1952 58.4% 3,713 40.5% 2,577 1.1% 71
1948 51.1% 3,002 46.6% 2,738 2.2% 130
1944 55.5% 3,318 43.6% 2,602 0.9% 55
1940 54.0% 3,709 45.4% 3,121 0.6% 38
1936 46.5% 3,091 52.6% 3,498 0.9% 59
1932 38.9% 2,423 58.4% 3,639 2.8% 174
1928 55.0% 3,036 43.9% 2,420 1.1% 61
1924 47.4% 2,627 48.2% 2,670 4.4% 244
1920 49.2% 2,997 48.4% 2,948 2.5% 149
1916 44.7% 1,585 51.1% 1,812 4.3% 151
1912 21.2% 711 48.3% 1,621 30.5% 1,023
1908 44.5% 1,726 52.2% 2,023 3.3% 127
1904 46.3% 1,721 49.5% 1,841 4.2% 158
1900 44.3% 1,706 53.4% 2,057 2.3% 90
1896 45.5% 1,751 53.7% 2,070 0.8% 32
1892 43.5% 1,569 48.2% 1,738 8.3% 299
1888 45.1% 1,632 53.0% 1,918 1.9% 70

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the fiscal body of the county government. It has seven members, three of which are elected county-wide (commonly referred to at-large members) and four of which are elected from districts. District One includes Harrison, Montgomery, Taylor, and Wayne Townships including the Town of Gosport. District Two includes Washington Township including the Town of Spencer. District Three includes Jackson, Jennings, Lafayette, and Morgan Townships. District Four includes Clay, Franklin, Jefferson, and Marion Townships. All council members serve four-year terms with at-large members elected during Presidential election cycles and district members elected during the other election cycles. One of the council members serves as president and another as vice-president. The council is responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes. Several local boards such as the Alcoholic Beverage Board and Library Board have a member or members appointed by the council.[7][8][9]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners with three members. The commissioners are elected county-wide, however each must reside in their respective districts, two of which are elected during Presidential election cycles and the other during the other election cycles. Each serves a four-year term. The District One member must reside in Harrison, Jackson, Jennings, Montgomery, Taylor, or Wayne Townships. The District Two member must reside in Clay, Franklin, or Washington Townships. The District Three member must reside in Jefferson, Lafayette, Marion, or Morgan Townships. One of the commissioners serves as president and another as vice-president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8][10]

Court: The county has a Circuit Court. The judge on the court is elected to a term of six years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association.[8][11]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, prosecutor, assessor, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor and clerk of the circuit court. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[8]

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1820 838
1830 4,017 379.4%
1840 8,359 108.1%
1850 12,106 44.8%
1860 14,376 18.8%
1870 16,137 12.2%
1880 15,901 −1.5%
1890 15,040 −5.4%
1900 15,149 0.7%
1910 14,053 −7.2%
1920 12,760 −9.2%
1930 11,351 −11.0%
1940 12,090 6.5%
1950 11,763 −2.7%
1960 11,400 −3.1%
1970 12,163 6.7%
1980 15,841 30.2%
1990 17,281 9.1%
2000 21,786 26.1%
2010 21,575 −1.0%
Est. 2016 20,840 [12] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,575 people, 8,486 households, and 5,992 families residing in the county.[17] The population density was 56.0 inhabitants per square mile (21.6/km2). There were 10,091 housing units at an average density of 26.2 per square mile (10.1/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 97.9% white, 0.3% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.9% of the population.[17] In terms of ancestry, 28.7% were German, 20.7% were Irish, 8.9% were English, and 8.4% were American.[18]

Of the 8,486 households, 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 42.4 years.[17]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,343. Males had a median income of $40,668 versus $30,556 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,581. About 9.2% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.8% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Cities and townsEdit

Unincorporated townsEdit

TownshipsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Owen County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ United States Census Center of Population - 1920 http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/center-of-population.php
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Spencer, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  7. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ Owen County Government, Owen County Council, http://www.owencounty.in.gov/html/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=10
  10. ^ Owen County Government, Owen County Commissioners, http://www.owencounty.in.gov/html/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=9
  11. ^ Owen County Government, Circuit Court, http://www.owencounty.in.gov/html/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=5
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External linksEdit