Starke County, Indiana

Starke County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 23,363.[3] The county seat is Knox.[4]

Starke County, Indiana
Starke County Courthouse in Knox
Starke County Courthouse in Knox
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 41°16′N 86°39′W / 41.267°N 86.650°W / 41.267; -86.650Coordinates: 41°16′N 86°39′W / 41.267°N 86.650°W / 41.267; -86.650
Country United States
State Indiana
RegionMichiana
EstablishedFebruary 7, 1835
Named forGeneral John Stark
County seatKnox
Largest cityKnox
Incorporated
Municipalities
Government
 • TypeCounty
 • BodyBoard of Commissioners
 • CommissionerCharles Chesak
 • CommissionerKathy Norem
 • CommissionerBryan Cavinder
Area
 • Total312.21 sq mi (808.6 km2)
 • Land309.13 sq mi (800.6 km2)
 • Water3.07 sq mi (8.0 km2)
Area rank65th largest county in Indiana
Elevation
712 ft (217 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total23,363
 • Estimate 
(2018)
22,935
 • Rank78th largest county in Indiana
1,679th largest county in U.S.[1]
 • Density75.6/sq mi (29.2/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (Central)
ZIP Codes
46348, 46366, 46374, 46511, 46531-32, 46534, 46574, 46960
Area code574
Congressional district2nd
Indiana Senate district5th
Indiana House of Representatives district17th
FIPS code18-149
GNIS feature ID0450389
U.S. RoutesU.S. Route 30 U.S. Route 35 U.S. Route 421
State RoutesIndiana 8.svg Indiana 10.svg Indiana 23.svg Indiana 39.svg
AirportStarke County
WaterwaysKankakee RiverYellow River
Websitewww.co.starke.in.us
  • Indiana county number 75
Demographics (2010)[2]
White Black Asian
97.1% 0.3% 0.2%
Islander Native Other Hispanic
(any race)
0.0% 0.3% 2.1% 3.3%

HistoryEdit

Starke County was created in 1835 and organized in 1850.[5] It was named for Gen. John Stark,[6] who commanded New Hampshire troops at the Battle of Bunker Hill in 1775 in the Revolutionary War, and who defeated the British at the Battle of Bennington in 1777.[7]

Before white settlement, all of the land that forms modern-day Starke County and adjacent LaPorte County to the north was inhabited by the Potawatami Indian nation. These groups were forcibly removed to Kansas by the United States government in 1838, and many died on what has been called the Trail of Death.[8][9]

When Starke County was created, it included the present LaPorte County townships of Cass, Dewey, Hanna, and Prairie. It was necessary for residents in this area to travel some distance east to Lemon's Bridge to cross the Kankakee River in order to travel south to the center of the county, the future site of the county seat at Knox. Therefore, because they were effectively isolated from the rest of Starke county, residents north of the river petitioned to be annexed to LaPorte county and this was done on January 28, 1842.[10]

NameEdit

Despite being named for General John Stark and originally being known and appearing on maps as Stark County[11] when initially created and organized, an e was added to the county's name fairly early in its history. There does not seem to be any solid evidence to clearly explain this alteration. Three possible explanations have been advanced: an early scribe had 'fancy lettering', including a k with a long tail or flourish that appeared to others as ke, the new spelling sticking;[12] General Stark himself may have used a similar flourish at the end of his signature;[13] which became a point of confusion to Indiana officials (This seems unlikely, since Stark County in Ohio (1808) and Illinois (1839) both preceded Starke County, Indiana and offered clear precedence and guidance on the spelling of the name, not to mention other numerous settlements within the United States named after the General also preceding Starke County.); it is thought that the change occurred around 1860 as the result of a clerical error by an official in Indianapolis.[14]

GeographyEdit

Starke County consists of low rolling hills covered with vegetation or brush.[15] Its boundaries include three prominences that rise to 780' (238m) ASL: two adjacent swells 0.6 mile (1.0 km) NE of Bass Lake, and a small ridge 3.0 miles (4.8 km) ESE of Bass Lake.[16] According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 312.21 square miles (808.6 km2), of which 309.13 square miles (800.6 km2) (or 99.01%) is land and 3.07 square miles (8.0 km2) (or 0.98%) is water.[17] The northwestern boundary of Starke County is defined by the Kankakee River; the Yellow River, a tributary of the Kankakee, flows through the central part of the county, past Knox.[18]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

MunicipalitiesEdit

The municipalities in Starke County, and their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

Cities and townsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

The nine townships of Starke County, with their populations as of the 2010 Census, are:

EducationEdit

Public schools in Starke County are administered by four different districts:

HospitalsEdit

Climate and weatherEdit

Knox, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
1.9
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.7
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
28
 
 
3.5
 
 
60
38
 
 
3.8
 
 
72
50
 
 
4.1
 
 
80
59
 
 
3.9
 
 
84
63
 
 
3.9
 
 
82
61
 
 
3.3
 
 
75
53
 
 
2.9
 
 
64
42
 
 
3.1
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.6
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[23]

In recent years, average temperatures in Knox have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −29 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 102 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.68 inches (43 mm) in February to 4.09 inches (104 mm) in June.[23]

GovernmentEdit

The county government is a constitutional body, granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana and the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts to four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[24][25]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners, who are elected county-wide to staggered four-year terms. One commissioner serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[24][25]

Court: The judge on the court is elected to a term of six years. The judge is assisted by a magistrate who is appointed by the judge. The court handles criminal and civil cases, and has a small claims division. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[25]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk, elected to four-year terms. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[25]

Starke County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives; a district that has been represented by Jackie Walorski since January 2013.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[26]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.3% 6,367 26.7% 2,489 4.9% 460
2012 54.0% 4,738 43.4% 3,809 2.5% 222
2008 47.2% 4,473 50.4% 4,778 2.4% 228
2004 54.2% 4,846 44.6% 3,987 1.2% 104
2000 50.0% 4,349 47.5% 4,136 2.5% 216
1996 38.1% 3,108 47.3% 3,854 14.6% 1,188
1992 35.4% 3,100 42.2% 3,695 22.4% 1,963
1988 51.8% 4,458 47.7% 4,104 0.5% 44
1984 57.4% 5,104 41.3% 3,674 1.3% 111
1980 55.3% 5,035 39.7% 3,615 5.1% 460
1976 47.1% 4,354 51.4% 4,753 1.5% 134
1972 64.4% 5,520 35.0% 2,994 0.6% 53
1968 48.0% 4,011 38.4% 3,208 13.7% 1,146
1964 41.7% 3,466 58.1% 4,838 0.2% 17
1960 53.3% 4,592 46.4% 3,995 0.4% 32
1956 59.9% 5,063 39.7% 3,349 0.4% 35
1952 59.4% 4,871 40.0% 3,274 0.6% 51
1948 50.6% 3,518 47.6% 3,312 1.9% 130
1944 55.7% 3,574 43.5% 2,791 0.8% 50
1940 54.2% 3,473 45.5% 2,917 0.3% 22
1936 47.2% 2,846 52.1% 3,143 0.7% 43
1932 40.8% 2,449 56.9% 3,420 2.4% 141
1928 57.3% 2,759 41.9% 2,016 0.8% 38
1924 53.0% 2,329 35.4% 1,555 11.6% 510
1920 62.9% 2,683 34.4% 1,467 2.7% 114
1916 52.2% 1,550 44.9% 1,334 2.9% 85
1912 28.1% 787 43.1% 1,208 28.8% 805
1908 52.2% 1,521 44.8% 1,305 3.1% 89
1904 54.5% 1,523 40.6% 1,134 5.0% 139
1900 49.6% 1,340 48.6% 1,315 1.8% 49
1896 51.0% 1,289 48.0% 1,214 1.0% 24
1892 44.3% 850 52.3% 1,003 3.3% 64
1888 47.2% 834 51.2% 904 1.6% 28

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
1840149
1850557273.8%
18602,195294.1%
18703,88877.1%
18805,10531.3%
18907,33943.8%
190010,43142.1%
191010,5671.3%
192010,278−2.7%
193010,6203.3%
194012,25815.4%
195015,28224.7%
196017,91117.2%
197019,2807.6%
198021,99714.1%
199022,7473.4%
200023,5563.6%
201023,363−0.8%
Est. 201822,935[27]−1.8%
US Decennial Census[28]
1790-1960[29] 1900-1990[30]
1990-2000[31] 2010-2013[3]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,363 people, 9,038 households, and 6,484 families in the county.[32] The population density was 75.6 inhabitants per square mile (29.2/km2). There were 10,962 housing units at an average density of 35.5 per square mile (13.7/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.3% American Indian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.9% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population.[32] In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were German, 16.3% were Irish, 8.9% were English, 8.7% were American, and 6.9% were Polish.[33]

Of the 9,038 households, 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.3% were non-families, and 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 40.4 years.[32]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $44,044. Males had a median income of $37,507 versus $28,628 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,991. About 12.9% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.[34]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "USA Counties in Profile". STATS Indiana. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  2. ^ US Census Bureau. American Community Survey, Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics 2010, Table DP-1, 2010 Demographic Profile Data. American FactFinder. Retrieved 29 June 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Starke County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  5. ^ Starke County Historical Society. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  6. ^ Baker, Ronald L.; Marvin Carmony (1995). Indiana Place Names. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 158. ISBN 0-253-28340-X.
  7. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co. p. 577.
  8. ^ "Starke County Public Library factsheet" (PDF). scpl.lib.in.us. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2008.
  9. ^ "History of 1838 Trail of Death". potawatomi-tda.org.
  10. ^ Brief history of LaPorte county Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Stark County, Indiana, 1857". dickinson.edu. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012.
  12. ^ "Starke or Stark". www.starkehistory.com. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 March 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Starke County IN (Google Maps - accessed 20 January 2020)
  16. ^ Starke County High Point, Indiana (PeakBagger.com, accessed 20 January 2020)
  17. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  18. ^ Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth ME: DeLorme. 1998. pp. 19–20, 25–26. ISBN 0-89933-211-0.
  19. ^ "Culver Community Schools - Welcome!". culver.k12.in.us.
  20. ^ "Knox Community School Corporation". knox.k12.in.us.
  21. ^ "North Judson-San Pierre Schools". North Judson-San Pierre Schools.
  22. ^ "Oregon Davis". od.k12.in.us. Archived from the original on 16 May 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2014.
  23. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Knox IN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  24. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
  25. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
  26. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
  27. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 26 July 2019.
  28. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  29. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  30. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  31. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  32. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  33. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  34. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 10 July 2015.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Starke County, Indiana at Wikimedia Commons