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List of U.S. states and territories by population

Population by state, including Puerto Rico (2015)
  580k–2.8M
  2.8M–5.28M
  5.28M–8.26M
  8.26M–11.6M
  11.6M–19.6M
  19.6M–26.5M
  26.5M–38.4M
  38.4M+

As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the nine most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined, and Wyoming is the least populous state, with a population less than the 31 most populous U.S. cities.

Contents

MethodologyEdit

 
Map of population change in U.S. states from April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017

The United States Census counts most persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors.[1] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state.[2]

Electoral apportionmentEdit

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the fifty states together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, AS, GU, MP, PR, or VI). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District of Columbia would only be entitled to one representative if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one U.S. Representative and two U.S. Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia).[3]

State informationEdit

Rank in the fifty states, 2017 Rank in all states and territories, 2010 State or territory Population estimate, July 1, 2017[4] Census population, April 1, 2010 Total seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, 2013–2023 Estimated population per House seat, 2017 Census population per House seat, 2010 Percent of the total U.S. population, 2016[note 1]
1 1   California 39,536,653 37,252,895 53 745,974 702,885 12.14%
2 2   Texas 28,304,596 25,146,105 36 786,238 698,503 8.62%
3 4   Florida 20,984,400 18,804,623 27 777,200 696,468 6.38%
4 3   New York 19,849,399 19,378,087 27 735,163 717,707 6.11%
5 6   Pennsylvania 12,805,537 12,702,887 18 711,419 705,715 3.96%
6 5   Illinois 12,802,023 12,831,549 18 711,224 712,864 3.96%
7 7   Ohio 11,658,609 11,536,725 16 728,663 721,032 3.59%
8 9   Georgia 10,429,379 9,688,681 14 744,956 691,975 3.19%
9 10   North Carolina 10,273,419 9,535,692 13 790,263 733,498 3.14%
10 8   Michigan 9,962,311 9,884,129 14 711,594 705,974 3.07%
11 11   New Jersey 9,005,644 8,791,936 12 750,470 732,658 2.77%
12 12   Virginia 8,470,020 8,001,045 11 770,002 727,366 2.60%
13 13   Washington 7,405,743 6,724,543 10 740,574 672,454 2.26%
14 16   Arizona 7,016,270 6,392,307 9 779,586 710,224 2.15%
15 14   Massachusetts 6,859,819 6,547,817 9 762,202 727,514 2.11%
16 17   Tennessee 6,715,984 6,346,275 9 746,220 705,123 2.06%
17 15   Indiana 6,666,818 6,484,229 9 740,758 720,422 2.05%
18 18   Missouri 6,113,532 5,988,927 8 764,192 748,615 1.89%
19 19   Maryland 6,052,177 5,773,785 8 756,522 721,694 1.86%
20 20   Wisconsin 5,795,483 5,687,289 8 724,435 710,873 1.79%
21 22   Colorado 5,607,154 5,029,324 7 801,022 720,704 1.72%
22 21   Minnesota 5,576,606 5,303,925 8 697,076 662,991 1.71%
23 24   South Carolina 5,024,369 4,625,401 7 717,767 660,766 1.54%
24 23   Alabama 4,874,747 4,780,127 7 696,392 682,819 1.51%
25 25   Louisiana 4,684,333 4,533,479 6 780,722 755,562 1.45%
26 26   Kentucky 4,454,189 4,339,349 6 742,365 723,228 1.37%
27 27   Oregon 4,142,776 3,831,073 5 828,555 766,215 1.27%
28 28   Oklahoma 3,930,864 3,751,616 5 786,173 750,270 1.21%
29 30   Connecticut 3,588,184 3,574,118 5 717,637 714,824 1.11%
29   Puerto Rico 3,337,177 3,726,157 1 (non-voting) 1.06%
30 31   Iowa 3,145,711 3,046,869 4 786,428 761,717 0.97%
31 35   Utah 3,101,833 2,763,888 4 775,458 690,972 0.95%
32 33   Arkansas 3,004,279 2,915,958 4 751,070 728,990 0.93%
33 36   Nevada 2,998,039 2,700,691 4 749,510 675,173 0.92%
34 32   Mississippi 2,984,100 2,968,103 4 746,025 742,026 0.92%
35 34   Kansas 2,913,123 2,853,132 4 728,281 713,280 0.90%
36 37   New Mexico 2,088,070 2,059,192 3 696,023 686,393 0.64%
37 39   Nebraska 1,920,076 1,826,341 3 640,025 608,780 0.59%
38 38   West Virginia 1,815,857 1,853,011 3 605,285 617,670 0.56%
39 40   Idaho 1,716,943 1,567,652 2 858,472 783,826 0.52%
40 41   Hawaii 1,427,538 1,360,301 2 713,769 680,151 0.44%
41 43   New Hampshire 1,342,795 1,316,466 2 671,398 658,233 0.41%
42 42   Maine 1,335,907 1,328,361 2 667,954 664,181 0.41%
43 44   Rhode Island 1,059,639 1,052,931 2 529,820 526,466 0.33%
44 45   Montana 1,050,493 989,417 1 1,050,493 989,417 0.32%
45 46   Delaware 961,939 897,936 1 961,939 897,936 0.30%
46 47   South Dakota 869,666 814,191 1 869,666 814,191 0.27%
47 49    North Dakota 755,393 672,591 1 755,393 672,591 0.24%
48 48   Alaska 739,795 710,249 1 739,795 710,249 0.23%
51   District of Columbia 693,972 601,767 1 (non-voting) 0.21%
49 50   Vermont 623,657 625,745 1 623,657 625,745 0.19%
50 52   Wyoming 579,315 563,767 1 579,315 563,767 0.18%
53   Guam [note 2] 159,358[5] 1 (non-voting) 0.06%
54   U.S. Virgin Islands [note 2] 106,405[6] 1 (non-voting) 0.04%
55   American Samoa [note 2] 55,519[7] 1 (non-voting) 0.01%
56   Northern Mariana Islands [note 2] 53,883[8] 1 (non-voting) 0.00%
57   Midway Atoll 40 2,220 0 0.00%
58   Johnston Atoll 0 1,100 0 0.00%
59   Wake Island 150 382 0 0.00%
60   Palmyra Atoll 20 20 0 0.00%
  Baker Island 0 0 0 0.00%
  Howland Island 0 0 0 0.00%
  Jarvis Island 0 0 0 0.00%
  Kingman Reef 0 0 0 0.00%
Navassa Island 0 0 0 0.00%
Serranilla Bank 0 0 0 0.00%
Bajo Nuevo Bank 0 0 0 0.00%
Contiguous United States 323,551,845 306,687,555 432 (+ 1 non-voting) 98.18%
The fifty states 325,025,206 308,156,338 435 737,348 708,376 98.48%
Fifty states + D.C. 325,719,178 308,758,105 435 (+ 1 non-voting) 98.67%
Total U.S. (including D.C. and territories) 329,431,520 312,913,872 435 (+ 6 non-voting) 100.00%
  1. ^ Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.
  2. ^ a b c d There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

Summary of population by regionEdit

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and D.C.
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/Territory/
Division/Region
Rank 2017
population
Rank 2010
population
Rank 2000
population
Rank 2000-
2010
change
Geographic
sort
  Massachusetts 15 6,859,819 14 6,547,629 13 6,349,097 43 3.1% NEng
  Connecticut 29 3,588,184 29 3,574,097 29 3,405,565 35 4.9% NEng
  Maine 42 1,335,907 41 1,328,361 40 1,274,923 39 4.2% NEng
  New Hampshire 41 1,342,795 42 1,316,470 41 1,235,786 32 6.5% NEng
  Rhode Island 43 1,059,639 43 1,052,567 43 1,048,319 49 0.4% NEng
  Vermont 49 623,657 49 625,741 49 608,827 44 2.8% NEng
       New England 9 14,810,001 9 14,444,865 9 13,922,517 7 3.8% NEast
  New York 4 19,849,399 3 19,378,102 3 18,976,457 46 2.1% MAtl
  Pennsylvania 5 12,805,537 6 12,702,379 6 12,281,054 41 3.4% MAtl
  New Jersey 11 9,005,644 11 8,791,894 9 8,414,350 37 4.5% MAtl
       Mid-Atlantic 4 41,660,580 4 40,872,375 4 39,671,861 8 3.0% NEast
       Northeast 4 56,470,581 4 55,317,240 4 53,594,378 4 3.2% USA
  Florida 4 19,552,860 4 18,801,310 4 15,982,378 8 17.6% SAtl
  Georgia 8 9,992,167 9 9,687,653 10 8,186,453 7 18.3% SAtl
  North Carolina 10 9,848,060 10 9,535,483 11 8,049,313 6 18.5% SAtl
  Virginia 12 8,260,405 12 8,001,024 12 7,078,515 16 13.0% SAtl
  Maryland 19 5,928,814 19 5,773,552 19 5,296,486 23 9.0% SAtl
  South Carolina 24 4,774,839 24 4,625,364 26 4,012,012 10 15.3% SAtl
  West Virginia 38 1,854,304 37 1,852,994 37 1,808,344 45 2.5% SAtl
  Delaware 45 925,749 45 897,934 45 783,600 11 14.6% SAtl
  District of Columbia -- 646,449 -- 601,723 -- 572,059 -- 5.2% SAtl
       South Atlantic 1 64,705,532 1 59,777,037 1 51,769,160 3 15.5% South
  Tennessee 17 6,495,978 17 6,346,105 16 5,689,283 19 11.5% ESC
  Alabama 23 4,833,722 23 4,779,736 23 4,447,100 27 7.5% ESC
  Kentucky 26 4,395,295 26 4,339,367 25 4,041,769 28 7.4% ESC
  Mississippi 31 2,991,207 31 2,967,297 31 2,844,658 38 4.3% ESC
       East South Central 8 19,029,020 8 18,432,505 8 17,022,810 5 8.3% South
  Texas 2 26,448,193 2 25,145,561 2 20,851,820 5 20.6% WSC
  Louisiana 25 4,625,470 25 4,533,372 22 4,468,976 48 1.4% WSC
  Oklahoma 28 3,850,568 28 3,751,351 27 3,450,654 24 8.7% WSC
  Arkansas 32 2,959,373 32 2,915,918 33 2,673,400 22 9.1% WSC
       West South Central 5 39,924,072 5 36,346,202 5 31,444,850 2 15.6% South
       South 1 123,658,624 1 114,555,744 1 100,236,820 1 14.3% USA
  Illinois 6 12,882,135 5 12,830,632 5 12,419,293 42 3.3% ENC
  Ohio 7 11,570,808 7 11,536,504 7 11,353,140 47 1.6% ENC
  Michigan 10 9,895,622 8 9,883,640 8 9,938,444 50 -0.6% ENC
  Indiana 17 6,570,902 15 6,483,802 14 6,080,485 31 6.6% ENC
  Wisconsin 20 5,742,713 20 5,686,986 18 5,363,675 34 6.0% ENC
       East North Central 3 46,885,244 3 46,421,564 2 45,155,037 9 2.8% MWest
  Missouri 18 6,044,171 18 5,988,927 17 5,595,211 29 7.0% WNC
  Minnesota 22 5,420,380 21 5,303,925 21 4,919,479 26 7.8% WNC
  Iowa 30 3,090,416 30 3,046,355 30 2,926,324 40 4.1% WNC
  Kansas 34 2,893,957 33 2,853,118 32 2,688,418 33 6.1% WNC
  Nebraska 37 1,868,516 38 1,826,341 38 1,711,263 30 6.7% WNC
  South Dakota 46 844,877 46 814,180 46 754,844 25 7.9% WNC
   North Dakota 47 723,393 48 672,591 47 642,200 36 4.7% WNC
       West North Central 7 21,294,107 7 20,505,437 6 19,237,739 6 6.6% MWest
       Midwest 3 68,179,351 3 66,927,001 2 64,392,776 3 3.9% USA
  Arizona 14 7,016,270 16 6,392,017 20 5,130,632 2 24.6% Mtn
  Colorado 21 5,607,154 22 5,029,196 24 4,301,261 9 16.9% Mtn
  Utah 31 3,101,833 34 2,763,885 34 2,233,169 3 23.8% Mtn
  Nevada 33 2,998,039 35 2,700,551 35 1,998,257 1 35.1% Mtn
  New Mexico 36 2,088,070 36 2,059,179 36 1,819,046 15 13.2% Mtn
  Idaho 39 1,716,943 39 1,567,582 39 1,293,953 4 21.1% Mtn
  Montana 44 1,050,493 44 989,415 44 902,195 21 9.7% Mtn
  Wyoming 50 579,315 50 563,626 50 493,782 12 14.1% Mtn
       Mountain 6 24,158,117 6 22,065,451 7 18,172,295 1 21.4% West
  California 1 39,536,653 1 37,253,956 1 33,871,648 20 10.0% Pac
  Washington 13 7,405,743 13 6,724,540 15 5,894,121 13 14.1% Pac
  Oregon 27 4,142,776 27 3,831,074 28 3,421,399 18 12.0% Pac
  Hawaii 40 1,427,538 40 1,360,301 42 1,211,537 17 12.3% Pac
  Alaska 48 739,795 47 710,231 48 626,932 14 13.3% Pac
       Pacific 2 53,252,505 2 49,880,102 3 45,025,637 4 10.8% West
       West 2 77,410,622 2 71,945,553 3 63,197,932 2 13.8% USA
  50 states and D.C. -- 325,719,178 -- 308,745,538 -- 281,421,906 -- 9.7% NAmer
  Puerto Rico 1 3,337,177 1 3,725,789 1 3,808,610 3 -2.2% Terr.
  Guam 2 [note 1] 2 159,358 2 154,805 1 2.9% Terr.
  U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3 106,405 3 108,612 2 -2.0% Terr.
  American Samoa 4 [note 1] 4 55,519 5 57,291 4 -3.1% Terr.
  Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 5 53,883 4 69,221 5 -22.2% Terr.
       Total Territories -- 3,712,342 -- 4,100,954 -- 4,198,539 -- -2.3% USA
  1. ^ a b c d There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

General
Specific
  1. ^ "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. [permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas?". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-05-13. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2010-08-13. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017" (XLSX). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2017. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-24. Retrieved 2010-09-12. 
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-12-13. 
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-07-23. Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. Retrieved 2012-03-02. 

External linksEdit