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Colorado's 4th congressional district

Colorado's 4th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Colorado. Located in the eastern part of the state, the district encompasses most of the rural Eastern Plains as well as the larger Colorado Front Range cities of Greeley, Longmont, Castle Rock, and Parker. Interactive map of Colorado's 4th Congressional District.

Colorado's 4th congressional district
Colorado US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Colorado's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Ken Buck
RWindsor
Distribution
  • 72.9[1]% urban
  • 27.1% rural
Population (2016)795,836[2]
Median income$73,735[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+13[4]

The district is currently represented by Republican Ken Buck. It is one of the most conservative districts in the Mountain States, especially since the 2010 redistricting removed Fort Collins from the district. No Democrat has seriously contested the district since 2010.

Contents

HistoryEdit

1990sEdit

Following the 1990 U.S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Bent, Cheyenne, Crowley, Elbert, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Larimer, Las Animas, Lincoln, Logan, Morgan, Otero, Phillips, Prowers, Sedgwick, Washington, Weld and Yuma counties, as well as portions of Adams, and Arapahoe counties.

2000sEdit

Following the 2000 U.S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Bent, Cheyenne, Crowley, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Larimer, Lincoln, Logan, Morgan, Phillips, Prowers, Sedgwick, Washington, Weld and Yuma counties, as well as portions of Boulder, and Otero counties.

2010sEdit

Following the 2010 U.S. Census and associated realignment of Colorado congressional districts, the 4th Congressional district consisted of Baca, Bent, Cheyenne, Crowley, Elbert, Kiowa, Kit Carson, Las Animas, Lincoln, Logan, Morgan, Otero, Phillips, Prowers, Sedgwick, Washington, Weld and Yuma counties. The district also includes portions of Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder and Douglas counties.

CharacteristicsEdit

This district consists mainly of the area of Colorado that is part of the Great Plains region of the United States. It is largely rural. The only large cities in the district are Greeley, Longmont, Castle Rock, and Parker. Until the 2010s redistricting, Fort Collins was the largest city in the district.

Historically, the district has been friendly territory for congressional Republicans, though Marilyn Musgrave only narrowly won in 2004 and 2006 due to her Democratic opponents' strength in Fort Collins. Musgrave had to rely on strong performances in more conservative Greeley to hold onto her seat. In 2008, Musgrave lost reelection to Betsy Markey, the first Democrat to be elected by the 4th District since the early 1970s.

George W. Bush received 58% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain narrowly carried the district in 2008 with 50% of the vote.

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races[5]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 57 - 37%
2004 President Bush 58 - 41%
2008 President McCain 50 - 49%
2012 President Romney 59 - 40%
2016 President Trump 57 – 34%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Term Duration Cong
ress(es)
District Home Electoral history
District created March 4, 1915 Districts 3 and 4 were created
from the former at-large district
 
Edward T. Taylor
Democratic March 4, 1915 –
September 3, 1941
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
Glenwood Springs Elected in 1908. (At-large district)
Died.
Vacant September 3, 1941 –
December 9, 1941
77th
 
Robert F. Rockwell
Republican December 9, 1941 –
January 3, 1949
77th
78th
79th
80th
Paonia Won special election to finish remaining term
Won in the 1942 general election
Lost re-election.
 
Wayne Aspinall
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1973
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Palisade Elected in 1948.
Lost party renomination
 
Jim Johnson
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1981
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Fort Collins Elected in 1972.
Retired.
 
Hank Brown
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1991
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
Greeley Elected in 1980.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Wayne Allard
Republican January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
102nd
103rd
104th
Loveland Elected in 1990.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Bob Schaffer
Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2003
105th
106th
107th
Fort Collins Elected in 1996.
Retired.
 
Marilyn Musgrave
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2009
108th
109th
110th
Fort Morgan Elected in 2002.
Lost re-election.
 
Betsy Markey
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Fort Collins Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
Cory Gardner
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2015
112th
113th
Yuma Elected in 2010.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
 
Ken Buck
Republican January 3, 2015 –
Present
114th
115th
116th
Greeley Elected in 2014.

Election resultsEdit

1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1941 (Special) 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018

1914Edit

1914 United States House of Representatives elections[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 26,562 57.83
Republican H.J. Baird 15,015 32.69
Socialist George Kunkle 4,353 9.48
Total votes 45,930 100.0
Democratic win (new seat)

1916Edit

1916 United States House of Representatives elections[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 30,926 65.78
Republican H.J. Baird 13,397 28.49
Socialist Emery D. Cox 2,695 5.73
Total votes 47,018 100.0
Democratic hold

1918Edit

1918 United States House of Representatives elections[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 22,423 65.72
Republican Straud M. Logan 11,695 34.28
Total votes 34,118 100.0
Democratic hold

1920Edit

1920 United States House of Representatives elections[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 25,994 55.32
Republican Merle D. Vincent 20,991 44.68
Total votes 46,985 100.0
Democratic hold

1922Edit

1922 United States House of Representatives elections[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 30,331 64.26
Republican Merle D. Vincent 16,870 35.74
Total votes 47,201 100.0
Democratic hold

1924Edit

1924 United States House of Representatives elections[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 33,262 65.54
Republican Webster S. Whinnery 17,486 34.46
Total votes 50,748 100.0
Democratic hold

1926Edit

1926 United States House of Representatives elections[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 32,093 66.75
Republican Webster S. Whinnery 15,990 33.25
Total votes 48,083 100.0
Democratic hold

1928Edit

1928 United States House of Representatives elections[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 30,142 58.84
Republican William P. Dale 21,089 41.16
Total votes 51,231 100.0
Democratic hold

1930Edit

1930 United States House of Representatives elections[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 34,536 66.95
Republican Webster S. Whinnery 17,051 33.05
Total votes 51,587 100.0
Democratic hold

1932Edit

1932 United States House of Representatives elections[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 40,736 65.99
Republican Richard C. Callen 20,993 34.01
Total votes 61,729 100.0
Democratic hold

1934Edit

1934 United States House of Representatives elections[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 39,747 67.30
Republican Harry McDevitt 17,234 29.18
Veterans' Party Gustavis A. Billstrom 1,625 2.75
Independent O.W. Daggett 457 0.77
Total votes 59,063 100.0
Democratic hold

1936Edit

1936 United States House of Representatives elections[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 42,010 65.45
Republican John S. Woody 22,175 34.55
Total votes 64,185 100.0
Democratic hold

1938Edit

1938 United States House of Representatives elections[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 43,596 63.74
Republican John S. Woody 24,805 36.26
Total votes 68,401 100.0
Democratic hold

1940Edit

1940 United States House of Representatives elections[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Edward T. Taylor (Incumbent) 44,095 59.41
Republican Paul W. Crawford 30,126 40.59
Total votes 74,221 100.0
Democratic hold

1941 (Special)Edit

1941 Colorado's 4th congressional district special election[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert F. Rockwell 19,918 54.04
Democratic Frank Delaney 16,941 45.96
Total votes 36,859 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

1942Edit

1942 United States House of Representatives elections[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert F. Rockwell (Incumbent) 28,460 58.75
Democratic Elizabeth E. Pellet 19,979 41.25
Total votes 48,439 100.0
Republican hold

1944Edit

1944 United States House of Representatives elections[22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert F. Rockwell (Incumbent) 38,671 61.67
Democratic John L. Heuschkel 24,039 38.33
Total votes 62,710 100.0
Republican hold

1946Edit

1946 United States House of Representatives elections[23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Robert F. Rockwell (Incumbent) 28,894 58.75
Democratic Thomas Matthews 20,290 41.25
Total votes 49,184 100.0
Republican hold

1948Edit

1948 United States House of Representatives elections[24]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall 34,695 51.86
Republican Robert F. Rockwell (Incumbent) 32,206 48.14
Total votes 66,901 100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

1950Edit

1950 United States House of Representatives elections[25]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 35,797 57.30
Republican Jack Evans 26,674 42.70
Total votes 62,471 100.0
Democratic hold

1952Edit

1952 United States House of Representatives elections[26]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 39,676 50.02
Republican Howard M. Shults 39,647 49.98
Total votes 79,323 100.0
Democratic hold

1954Edit

1954 United States House of Representatives elections[27]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 34,294 53.49
Republican Charles E. Wilson 29,818 46.51
Total votes 64,112 100.0
Democratic hold

1956Edit

1956 United States House of Representatives elections[28]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 48,489 61.76
Republican Hugh Caldwell 30,026 38.24
Total votes 78,515 100.0
Democratic hold

1958Edit

1958 United States House of Representatives elections[29]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 43,785 63.61
Republican J.R. "Dick" Wells 25,048 36.39
Total votes 68,833 100.0
Democratic hold

1960Edit

1960 United States House of Representatives elections[30]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 58,731 68.54
Republican Charles P. Casteel 26,960 31.46
Total votes 85,691 100.0
Democratic hold

1962Edit

1962 United States House of Representatives elections[31]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 42,462 58.65
Republican Leo L. Sommerville 29,943 41.36
Total votes 72,405 100.0
Democratic hold

1964Edit

1964 United States House of Representatives elections[32]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 106,685 63.02
Republican Edwin S. Lamm 62,617 36.98
Total votes 169,302 100.0
Democratic hold

1966Edit

1966 United States House of Representatives elections[33]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 84,107 58.61
Republican James Paul Johnson 59,404 41.39
Total votes 143,511 100.0
Democratic hold

1968Edit

1968 United States House of Representatives elections[34]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 92,680 54.69
Republican Fred E. Anderson 76,776 45.31
Total votes 169,456 100.0
Democratic hold

1970Edit

1970 United States House of Representatives elections[35]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Wayne Aspinall (Incumbent) 76,244 55.08
Republican Bill Gossard 62,169 44.92
Total votes 138,413 100.0
Democratic hold

1972Edit

1972 United States House of Representatives elections[36]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Paul Johnson 94,994 51.03
Democratic Alan Merson 91,151 48.97
Total votes 186,145 100.0
Republican gain from Democratic

1974Edit

1974 United States House of Representatives elections[37]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Paul Johnson (Incumbent) 82,982 52.05
Democratic John Carroll 76,452 47.95
Total votes 159,434 100.0
Republican hold

1976Edit

1976 United States House of Representatives elections[38]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Paul Johnson (Incumbent) 119,458 54.05
Democratic Daniel Ogden 76,995 34.84
Independent Dick Davis 20,398 9.23
Independent Henry Thiel 4,167 1.89
Total votes 221,018 100.0
Republican hold

1978Edit

1978 United States House of Representatives elections[39]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican James Paul Johnson (Incumbent) 103,121 61.18
Democratic Morgan Smith 65,421 38.82
Total votes 168,542 100.0
Republican hold

1980Edit

1980 United States House of Representatives elections[40]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hank Brown 178,221 68.42
Democratic Polly Baca 76,849 29.50
Libertarian Cynthia Molson-Smith 5,421 2.08
Total votes 260,491 100.0
Republican hold

1982Edit

1982 United States House of Representatives elections[41]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hank Brown (Incumbent) 105,550 69.76
Democratic Charles "Bud" Bishopp 45,750 30.24
Total votes 151,300 100.0
Republican hold

1984Edit

1984 United States House of Representatives elections[42]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hank Brown (Incumbent) 146,469 71.13
Democratic Mary Fagan Bates 56,462 27.42
Libertarian Randy Fitzgerald 2,999 1.45
Total votes 205,930 100.0
Republican hold

1986Edit

1986 United States House of Representatives elections[43]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hank Brown (Incumbent) 117,089 69.80
Democratic David Sprague 50,672 30.20
Total votes 167,761 100.0
Republican hold

1988Edit

1988 United States House of Representatives elections[44]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Hank Brown (Incumbent) 156,202 73.08
Democratic Charles S. Vigil 57,552 26.92
Total votes 213,754 100.0
Republican hold

1990Edit

1990 United States House of Representatives elections[45]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Allard 89,285 54.05
Democratic Richard R. "Dick" Bond 75,901 45.95
Total votes 165,186 100.0
Republican hold

1992Edit

1992 United States House of Representatives elections[46]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Allard (Incumbent) 139,884 57.84
Democratic Tom Redder 101,957 42.16
Total votes 241,841 100.0
Republican hold

1994Edit

1994 United States House of Representatives elections[47]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Wayne Allard (Incumbent) 136,251 72.30
Democratic Cathy Kipp 52,202 27.70
Total votes 188,453 100.0
Republican hold

1996Edit

1996 United States House of Representatives elections[48]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Schaffer 137,012 56.14
Democratic Guy Kelley 92,837 38.04
American Wesley Paul "Wes" McKinley 7,428 3.04
Natural Law Cynthia Parker 6,790 2.78
Total votes 244,067 100.0
Republican hold

1998Edit

1998 United States House of Representatives elections[49]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Schaffer (Incumbent) 131,318 59.34
Democratic Susan Kirkpatrick 89,973 40.66
Total votes 221,291 100.0
Republican hold

2000Edit

2000 United States House of Representatives elections[50]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Bob Schaffer (Incumbent) 209,078 79.50
Natural Law Dan Sewell Ward 19,721 7.50
Libertarian Kordon L. Baker 19,713 7.50
Constitution Leslie J. Hanks 9,955 3.77
Write-in 4,539 1.73
Total votes 263,006 100.0
Republican hold

2002Edit

2002 United States House of Representatives elections[51]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Marilyn Musgrave 115,359 54.95
Democratic Stan Matsunaka 87,499 41.68
Libertarian John Volz 7,097 3.37
Total votes 209,955 100.0
Republican hold

2004Edit

2004 United States House of Representatives elections[52]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Marilyn Musgrave (Incumbent) 155,958 51.05
Democratic Stan Matsunaka 136,812 44.78
Green Bob Kinsey 12,739 4.17
Total votes 305,509 100.0
Republican hold

2006Edit

2006 United States House of Representatives elections[53]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Marilyn Musgrave (Incumbent) 109,732 45.61
Democratic Angie Paccione 103,748 43.11
Reform Eric Eidsness 27,133 11.28
Total votes 240,613 100.0
Republican hold

2008Edit

2008 United States House of Representatives elections[54]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Betsy Markey 187,348 56%
Republican Marilyn Musgrave (Incumbent) 146,030 44%
Total votes 333,378 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010Edit

2010 United States House of Representatives elections[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cory Gardner 138,634 52%
Democratic Betsy Markey (Incumbent) 109,249 41%
Constitution Doug Aden 12,312 5%
No party Ken "Wasko" Waszkiewicz 3,986 2%
Total votes 264,181 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012Edit

2012 United States House of Representatives elections[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Cory Gardner (Incumbent) 200,006 59%
Democratic Brandon Shaffer 128,800 37%
Libertarian Josh Gilliland 10,682 3%
Constitution Doug Aden 5,848 1%
Total votes 342,336 100%
Republican hold

2014Edit

2014 United States House of Representatives elections[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Buck 185,292 65%
Democratic Vic Meyers 83,727 29%
Libertarian Jess Loban 9,472 3%
Independent Grant Doherty 8,016 3%
Total votes 286,507 100%
Republican hold

2016Edit

2016 United States House of Representatives elections[55]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Buck 248,230 63.5%
Democratic Bob Seay 123,642 31.7%
Libertarian Bruce Griffith 18,761 4.8%
Total votes 390,633 100%
Republican hold

2018Edit

2018 United States House of Representatives elections[56]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ken Buck 224,038 60.61%
Democratic Karen McCormick 145,544 39.38%
Write-in 38 0.01%
Total votes 369,620 100%
Republican hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of May 2015, there are seven former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Colorado's 4th congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
James Paul Johnson 1973–1981 (1930-06-02) June 2, 1930 (age 89)
Hank Brown 1981–1991 (1940-02-12) February 12, 1940 (age 79)
Wayne Allard 1991–1997 (1943-12-02) December 2, 1943 (age 75)
Bob Schaffer 1997–2003 (1962-07-24) July 24, 1962 (age 57)
Marilyn Musgrave 2003–2009 (1949-01-27) January 27, 1949 (age 70)
Betsy Markey 2009–2011 (1956-04-27) April 27, 1956 (age 63)
Cory Gardner 2011–2015 (1974-08-22) August 22, 1974 (age 45)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=08&cd=04
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Presidential Election Results, by district, swingstateproject.com
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 4 Race - Nov 03, 1914". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 4 Race - Nov 07, 1916". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  8. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 4 Race - Nov 05, 1918". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  9. ^ "1920 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  10. ^ "1922 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  11. ^ "1924 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  12. ^ "1926 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  13. ^ "1928 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  14. ^ "1930 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  15. ^ "1932 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  16. ^ "1934 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  17. ^ "1936 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  18. ^ "1938 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  19. ^ "1940 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  20. ^ "Our Campaigns - CO District 4 - Special Election Race - Dec 09, 1941". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  21. ^ "1942 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  22. ^ "1944 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  23. ^ "1946 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  24. ^ "1948 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  25. ^ "1950 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  26. ^ "1952 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  27. ^ "1954 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  28. ^ "1956 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  29. ^ "1958 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  30. ^ "1960 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  31. ^ "1962 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  32. ^ "1964 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  33. ^ "1966 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  34. ^ "1968 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  35. ^ "1970 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  36. ^ "1972 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  37. ^ "1974 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  38. ^ "1976 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  39. ^ "1978 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  40. ^ "1980 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  41. ^ "1982 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  42. ^ "1984 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  43. ^ "1986 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  44. ^ "1988 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  45. ^ "1990 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  46. ^ "1992 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  47. ^ "1994 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  48. ^ "1996 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  49. ^ "1998 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  50. ^ "2000 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  51. ^ "2002 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  52. ^ "2004 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  53. ^ "2006 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  54. ^ "2008 Election Results" (PDF). house.gov.
  55. ^ a b c d "2010 Election Results". state.co.us. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved July 24, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  56. ^ "2018 Colorado general election results". Retrieved June 21, 2019.

Coordinates: 39°04′15″N 103°24′50″W / 39.07083°N 103.41389°W / 39.07083; -103.41389