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Ohio's 9th congressional district has been represented by Representative Marcy Kaptur (D) since 1983.

Ohio's 9th congressional district
Ohio US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Ohio's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Marcy Kaptur
DToledo
Distribution
  • 86.02% urban
  • 13.98% rural
Population (2016)706,201
Median income$43,182[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+14[2]

This district is in the northern part of the state, bordering Michigan and Ontario, Canada (via Lake Erie), and includes portions of Cuyahoga, Erie, Lorain, Lucas, and Ottawa counties. Due to redistricting by the Republican-controlled state legislature following the 2010 state elections, the 9th district absorbed part of western Cuyahoga County[3] pitting 10th district Democratic incumbent Dennis Kucinich against Kaptur in the 2012 Democratic primary.[4][5][6]

The new 9th district has been called "The Snake by the Lake" (due to its long and skinny appearance on the map)[7] and one of the "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering. The two portions of the district are only connected via a bridge between Erie and Ottawa counties, as well as Crane Creek State Park. Some Ohio Democrats argued that when the beach floods, the reconfigured 9th is not contiguous.[8]

It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map as unconstitutional gerrymandering.[9] According to the lawsuit, the 9th "eats its way across the southern border of Lake Erie" while fragmenting Cleveland and Toledo.[10]

Contents

List of largest municipalitiesEdit

All or part of ten cities (whose population is greater than 5,000) are in the district.

The largest municipalities[11] represented in this district include:

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 55% - George W. Bush 41%
2004 President John Kerry 58% - George W. Bush 42%
2008 President Barack Obama 66.8% - John McCain 31.6%
2012 President Barack Obama 67.6% - Mitt Romney 30.9%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 58.7% - Donald Trump 36.5%

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
  Philemon Beecher Adams-Clay
Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18 [Data unknown/missing.]
Adams March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19
20
[Data unknown/missing.]
 William W. Irvin Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21
22
[Data unknown/missing.]
  John Chaney Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23
24
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25 [Data unknown/missing.]
  William Medill Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26
27
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Elias Florence Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Augustus L. Perrill Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Thomas O. Edwards Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Edson B. Olds Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31
32
Redistricted to the 12th district
  Frederick W. Green Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33 Redistricted from the 6th district
  Cooper K. Watson Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Lawrence W. Hall Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35 [Data unknown/missing.]
  John Carey Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Warren P. Noble Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1865
37
38
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Ralph P. Buckland Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39
40
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Edward F. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Charles Foster Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42 Redistricted to the 10th district
  James W. Robinson Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Earley F. Poppleton Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44 [Data unknown/missing.]
  John S. Jones Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45 [Data unknown/missing.]
  George L. Converse Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46 Redistricted to the 12th district
  James S. Robinson Republican March 4, 1881 –
January 12, 1885
47
48
Resigned to become
Ohio Secretary of State
Vacant January 12, 1885 –
March 4, 1885
48
  William C. Cooper Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49
50
51
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Joseph H. Outhwaite Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52 Redistricted from the 13th district
Redistricted to the 12th district
  Byron F. Ritchie Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53 [Data unknown/missing.]
  James H. Southard Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1907
54
55
56
57
58
59
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Isaac R. Sherwood Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1921
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
[Data unknown/missing.]
  William W. Chalmers Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Isaac R. Sherwood Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68 [Data unknown/missing.]
  William W. Chalmers Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69
70
71
[Data unknown/missing.]
  Wilbur M. White Republican March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72 [Data unknown/missing.]
  Warren J. Duffey Democratic March 4, 1933 –
July 7, 1936
73
74
First elected in 1932
Re-elected in 1934
Died
Vacant July 7, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
74
  John F. Hunter Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75
76
77
First elected in 1936
Re-elected in 1938
Re-elected in 1940
Lost re-election
  Homer A. Ramey Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78
79
80
First elected in 1942
Re-elected in 1944
Re-elected in 1946
Lost re-election
  Thomas Henry Burke Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81 Elected in 1948
Lost renomination
  Frazier Reams Independent January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1955
82
83
First elected in 1950
Re-elected in 1952
Lost re-election
  Thomas L. Ashley Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1981
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
First elected in 1954
Re-elected in 1956
Re-elected in 1958
Re-elected in 1960
Re-elected in 1962
Re-elected in 1964
Re-elected in 1966
Re-elected in 1968
Re-elected in 1970
Re-elected in 1972
Re-elected in 1974
Re-elected in 1976
Re-elected in 1978
Lost re-election
  Ed Weber Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97 First elected in 1980
Lost re-election
  Marcy Kaptur Democratic January 3, 1983 –
Present
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
First elected in 1982
Re-elected in 1984
Re-elected in 1986
Re-elected in 1988
Re-elected in 1990
Re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Re-elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Re-elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Re-elected in 2012
Re-elected in 2014
Re-elected in 2016
Re-elected in 2018

Election resultsEdit

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
2014[12] Marcia C. Kaptur: 106,338 Richard May: 50,792 Cory Hoffman, George A. Skalsky (Both WI): 0
2012 Marcia C. Kaptur: 217,775 Joe Wurzelbacher: 68,666 Sean Stipe (L): 11,725
2010 Marcia C. Kaptur: 121,819 Rich Iott: 83,423  
2008 Marcia C. Kaptur: 210,822 Bradley S. Leavitt: 73,610  
2006 Marcia C. Kaptur: 153,880 Bradley S. Leavitt: 55,119  
2004 Marcia C. Kaptur: 199,528 Larry A. Kaczala: 93,930  
2002 Marcia C. Kaptur: 132,236 Edward S. Emery: 46,481  
2000 Marcia C. Kaptur: 168,547 Dwight E. Bryan: 49,446 Galen Fries (L): 4,239
Dennis Slotnick (N): 3,096
1998 Marcia C. Kaptur: 130,793 Edward S. Emery: 30,312  
1996 Marcia C. Kaptur: 170,617 R. Randy Whitman: 46,040 Elizabeth A. Slotnick (N): 4,677
1994 Marcia C. Kaptur: 118,120 R. Randy Whitman: 38,665  
1992 Marcia C. Kaptur: 178,879 Ken D. Brown: 53,011 Edward Howard: 11,162
1990 Marcia C. Kaptur: 117,681 Jerry D. Lammers: 33,791  
1988 Marcia C. Kaptur: 157,557 Al Hawkins: 36,183  
1986 Marcia C. Kaptur: 105,646 Mike Shufeldt: 30,643  
1984 Marcia C. Kaptur: 117,985 Frank Venner: 93,210 Other: 3,714
1982 Marcia C. Kaptur: 95,162 Edward F. Weber: 64,459 David Muir (L): 1,217
Susan A. Skinner: 1,785
James J. Somers: 1,594
1980 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 68,728 Edward F. Weber: 96,927 Edward S. Emery: 4,357
Toby Elizabeth Emmerich: 2,411
1978 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 71,709 John C. Hoyt: 34,326 Edward S. Emery: 2,563
Michael James Lewinski: 4,530
1976 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 91,040 Carty Finkbeiner: 73,919 Edward S. Emery: 1,533
Lynn Galonsky: 1,477
1974 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 64,831 Carty Finkbeiner: 57,892  
1972 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 110,450 Joseph C. Richards: 49,388  
1970 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 82,777 Allen H. Shapiro: 33,947  
1968 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 85,280 Ben Marsh: 63,290  
1966 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 83,261 Jane M. Kuebbeler: 53,777  
1964 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 109,167 John O. Celusta: 64,401  
1962 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 86,443 Martin A. Janis: 64,279  
1960 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 108,688 Howard C. Cook: 82,433  
1958 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 102,115 William K. Gernheuser: 63,660  
1956 Thomas W. L. Ashley: Harvey G. Straub: 81,562  
1954 Thomas W. L. Ashley: 48,471 Irving C. Reynolds: 39,933 Henry Frazier Reams Sr.: 44,656
1952 Thomas H. Burke: 61,047 Gilmore Flues: 46,989 Henry Frazier Reams Sr.: 74,821
1950 Thomas H. Burke: 45,268 Homer A. Ramey: 43,301 Henry Frazier Reams Sr.: 51,024
1948 Thomas H. Burke: 85,409 Homer A. Ramey: 73,394  
1946 Michael V. DiSalle: 59,057 Homer A. Ramey: 59,394  
1944 John F. Hunter: 77,693 Homer A. Ramey: 82,735  
1942 John F. Hunter: 44,027 Homer A. Ramey: 47,377  
1940 John F. Hunter: 86,956 Wilbur McK. White: 71,927  
1938 John F. Hunter: 56,306 Homer A. Ramey: 55,441  
1936 John F. Hunter: 75,737 Raymond E. Hildebrand: 55,043 Earl O. Lehman: 3,739
1934 Warren J. Duffey: 61,037 Frank L. Mulholland: 35,732 Kenneth Eggert (C): 684
Karl Pauli (S): 510
1932 Warren J. Duffey: 56,755 Wilbur McK. White: 54,078 Silas E. Hurin: 4,200
Clyde E. Kiker: 2,135
Karl Pauli (S): 1,314
Eugene Stoll (C): 620
1930 Scott Stahl: 36,375 Wilbur McK. White: 49,498  
1928 William P. Clarke: 50,601 William W. Chalmers: 82,560 Charles V. Stephenson (W): 190
1926 C. W. Davis: 23,947 William W. Chalmers: 47,331 George F. Parrish (TRI): 1,110
Millard Price (S): 1,018
1924 Isaac R. Sherwood: 48,482 William W. Chalmers: 54,792 Millard Price (P): 2,159
John Kocinski: 747
1922 Isaac R. Sherwood: 45,059 William W. Chalmers: 42,712  
1920 Isaac R. Sherwood: 38,292 William W. Chalmers: 49,732 Karl E. Pauli: 47

Accusations of gerrymanderingEdit

The current district lines were drawn in 2011, following the redistricting based on the 2000 census.[11] The boundaries of the 9th district have been cited as a signature example of the partisan gerrymandering of the Ohio redistricting.[9] A lawsuit challenging the redistricting referred to the shape of District 9 as "the snake on the lake,"[13][7] and it has been referred to as one of the United States' "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering.[8]

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=39&cd=09
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Ohio's 9th congressional district elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Alex M. Parker (February 9, 2012). "Friendly Fire Coming in House Re-Elections?". U.S. News and World Report.
  5. ^ Andrea Billups (February 6, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich face off in Ohio". The Washington Times.
  6. ^ Kevin Milliken (January 16, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich square off for one congressional seat". La Prensa.
  7. ^ a b "Kill the Snake by the Lake", Toledo Blade, Jan. 16, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Shira Toeplitz (November 10, 2011). "Top 5 Ugliest Districts: Partisan Gerrymandering 101". Roll Call.
  9. ^ a b Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  10. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000.
  12. ^ http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/elections/Research/electResultsMain/2014Results.aspx
  13. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.

Coordinates: 41°30′N 82°54′W / 41.500°N 82.900°W / 41.500; -82.900