Ohio's 9th congressional district

Ohio's 9th congressional district has been represented by Representative Marcy Kaptur (D) since 1983.

Ohio's 9th congressional district
Ohio US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Ohio's 9th congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Marcy Kaptur
DToledo
Distribution
  • 86.02% urban
  • 13.98% rural
Population (2016)706,201
Median household
income
$43,182[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+9[2]

This district is in the northern part of the state, bordering Michigan and Ontario, Canada (via Lake Erie), and includes portions of Cuyahoga, Erie, Lorain, Lucas, and Ottawa counties. Due to redistricting by the Republican-controlled state legislature following the 2010 state elections, the 9th district absorbed part of western Cuyahoga County[3] pitting 10th district Democratic incumbent Dennis Kucinich against Kaptur in the 2012 Democratic primary.[4][5][6]

The redesigned 9th district has been called "The Snake by the Lake" due to its long and skinny appearance on the map[7] and one of the "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering. The two parts of the district are connected only via the Thomas Edison Memorial Bridge between Erie and Ottawa counties, as well as Crane Creek State Park. Some Ohio Democrats argued that when the beach floods, the reconfigured 9th is not contiguous.[8]

It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map as unconstitutional gerrymandering.[9] According to the lawsuit, the 9th "eats its way across the southern border of Lake Erie" while fragmenting Cleveland and Toledo.[10] In 2019, the Supreme Court refused to hear the case meaning that Ohio's congressional districts, including district 9, would not need to be redrawn.[11]

List of largest municipalitiesEdit

All or part of ten cities (whose population is greater than 5,000) are in the district.

The largest municipalities[12] represented in this district include:

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Result
2000 President Al Gore 55% - George W. Bush 41%
2004 President John Kerry 58% - George W. Bush 42%
2008 President Barack Obama 66.8% - John McCain 31.6%
2012 President Barack Obama 67.6% - Mitt Romney 30.9%
2016 President Hillary Clinton 58.7% - Donald Trump 36.5%
2020 President Joe Biden 58.8% - Donald Trump 39.7%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created March 4, 1823
Philemon Beecher Adams-Clay
Democratic-Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1822.
Reelected in 1824.
Reelected in 1826.
Lost reelection.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
 
William W. Irvin
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1828.
Reelected in 1830.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John Chaney
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
25th
Elected in 1832.
Reelected in 1834.
Reelected in 1836.
[data unknown/missing]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
 
William Medill
Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Elected in 1838.
Reelected in 1840.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Elias Florence
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
[data unknown/missing]
Augustus L. Perrill Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1844.
[data unknown/missing]
Thomas O. Edwards Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th Elected in 1846.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Edson B. Olds
Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1853
31st
32nd
Elected in 1848.
Reelected in 1850.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
Frederick W. Green Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Redistricted from the 6th district and reelected in 1852.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Cooper K. Watson
Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1854.
[data unknown/missing]
Lawrence W. Hall Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1856.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John Carey
Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1858.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Warren P. Noble
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1865
37th
38th
Elected in 1860.
Reelected in 1862.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Ralph P. Buckland
Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
Elected in 1864.
Reelected in 1866.
[data unknown/missing]
Edward F. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st Elected in 1868.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Charles Foster
Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd Elected in 1870.
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
James W. Robinson
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
Earley F. Poppleton Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
[data unknown/missing]
 
John S. Jones
Republican March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
45th Elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
 
George L. Converse
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1881
46th Elected in 1878.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
James S. Robinson
Republican March 4, 1881 –
January 12, 1885
47th
48th
Elected in 1880.
Reelected in 1882.
Resigned to become Ohio Secretary of State.
Vacant January 12, 1885 –
March 3, 1885
48th
 
William C. Cooper
Republican March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1891
49th
50th
51st
Elected in 1884.
Reelected in 1886.
Reelected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Joseph H. Outhwaite
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd Redistricted from the 13th district and reelected in 1890.
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
Byron F. Ritchie
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd Elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
 
James H. Southard
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1907
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected in 1894.
Reelected in 1896.
Reelected in 1898.
Reelected in 1900.
Reelected in 1902.
Reelected in 1904.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Isaac R. Sherwood
Democratic March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1921
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1906.
Reelected in 1908.
Reelected in 1910
Reelected in 1912.
Reelected in 1914.
Reelected in 1916.
Reelected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William W. Chalmers
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Isaac R. Sherwood
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William W. Chalmers
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1931
69th
70th
71st
Elected in 1924.
Reelected in 1926.
Reelected in 1928.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Wilbur M. White
Republican March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd Elected in 1930.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Warren J. Duffey
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
July 7, 1936
73rd
74th
Elected in 1932.
Reelected in 1934.
Died.
Vacant July 7, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
74th
John F. Hunter Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
Elected in 1936.
Reelected in 1938.
Reelected in 1940.
Lost reelection.
 
Homer A. Ramey
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
78th
79th
80th
Elected in 1942.
Reelected in 1944.
Reelected in 1946.
Lost reelection.
Thomas Henry Burke Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
81st Elected in 1948.
Lost renomination.
 
Frazier Reams
Independent January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1955
82nd
83rd
Elected in 1950.
Reelected in 1952.
Lost reelection.
 
Thomas L. Ashley
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1981
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1954.
Reelected in 1956.
Reelected in 1958.
Reelected in 1960.
Reelected in 1962.
Reelected in 1964.
Reelected in 1966.
Reelected in 1968.
Reelected in 1970.
Reelected in 1972.
Reelected in 1974.
Reelected in 1976.
Reelected in 1978.
Lost reelection.
 
Ed Weber
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Lost reelection.
 
Marcy Kaptur
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
Present
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 1982.
Reelected in 1984.
Reelected in 1986.
Reelected in 1988.
Reelected in 1990.
Reelected in 1992.
Reelected in 1994.
Reelected in 1996.
Reelected in 1998.
Reelected in 2000.
Reelected in 2002.
Reelected in 2004.
Reelected in 2006.
Reelected in 2008.
Reelected in 2010.
Reelected in 2012.
Reelected in 2014.
Reelected in 2016.
Reelected in 2018.
Reelected in 2020.

Election resultsEdit

The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.

Year Democratic Republican Other
1920 Isaac R. Sherwood: 38,292  Y William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 49,732 Karl E. Pauli: 47
1922  Y Isaac R. Sherwood: 45,059 William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 42,712 (none)
1924 Isaac R. Sherwood (Incumbent): 48,482  Y William W. Chalmers: 54,792 Millard Price (Prohibition): 2,159
John Kocinski: 747
1926 C. W. Davis: 23,947  Y William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 47,331 George F. Parrish (TRI): 1,110
Millard Price (Socialist): 1,018
1928 William P. Clarke: 50,601  Y William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 82,560 Charles V. Stephenson (Workers): 190
1930 Scott Stahl: 36,375  Y Wilbur M. White: 49,498 (none)
1932  Y Warren J. Duffey: 56,755 Wilbur M. White (Incumbent): 54,078 Silas E. Hurin: 4,200
Clyde E. Kiker: 2,135
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 1,314
Eugene Stoll (Communist): 620
1934  Y Warren J. Duffey (Incumbent): 61,037 Frank L. Mulholland: 35,732 Kenneth Eggert (Communist): 684
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 510
1936  Y John F. Hunter: 75,737 Raymond E. Hildebrand: 55,043 Earl O. Lehman: 3,739
1938  Y John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 56,306 Homer A. Ramey: 55,441 (none)
1940  Y John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 86,956 Wilbur M. White: 71,927 (none)
1942 John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 44,027  Y Homer A. Ramey: 47,377 (none)
1944 John F. Hunter: 77,693  Y Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 82,735 (none)
1946 Michael DiSalle: 59,057  Y Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 59,394 (none)
1948  Y Thomas H. Burke: 85,409 Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 73,394 (none)
1950 Thomas H. Burke (Incumbent): 45,268 Homer A. Ramey: 43,301  Y Frazier Reams (Independent): 51,024
1952 Thomas H. Burke: 61,047 Gilmore Flues: 46,989  Y Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 74,821
1954  Y Thomas L. Ashley: 48,471 Irving C. Reynolds: 39,933 Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 44,656
1956  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): Harvey G. Straub: 81,562 (none)
1958  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 102,115 William K. Gernheuser: 63,660 (none)
1960  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 108,688 Howard C. Cook: 82,433 (none)
1962  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 86,443 Martin A. Janis: 64,279 (none)
1964  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 109,167 John O. Celusta: 64,401 (none)
1966  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 83,261 Jane M. Kuebbeler: 53,777 (none)
1968  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 85,280 Ben Marsh: 63,290 (none)
1970  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 82,777 Allen H. Shapiro: 33,947 (none)
1972  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 110,450 Joseph C. Richards: 49,388 (none)
1974  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 64,831 Carty Finkbeiner: 57,892 (none)
1976  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 91,040 Carty Finkbeiner: 73,919 Edward S. Emery: 1,533
Lynn Galonsky: 1,477
1978  Y Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 71,709 John C. Hoyt: 34,326 Edward S. Emery: 2,563
Michael James Lewinski: 4,530
1980 Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 68,728  Y Ed Weber: 96,927 Edward S. Emery: 4,357
Toby Elizabeth Emmerich: 2,411
1982  Y Marcy Kaptur: 95,162 Ed Weber (Incumbent): 64,459 David Muir (Libertarian): 1,217
Susan A. Skinner: 1,785
James J. Somers: 1,594
1984  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,985 Frank Venner: 93,210 Other: 3,714
1986  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 105,646 Mike Shufeldt: 30,643 (none)
1988  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 157,557 Al Hawkins: 36,183 (none)
1990  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,681 Jerry D. Lammers: 33,791 (none)
1992  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 178,879 Ken D. Brown: 53,011 Edward Howard: 11,162
1994  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 118,120 R. Randy Whitman: 38,665 (none)
1996  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 170,617 R. Randy Whitman: 46,040 Elizabeth A. Slotnick (Natural Law): 4,677
1998  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 130,793 Edward S. Emery: 30,312 (none)
2000  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 168,547 Dwight E. Bryan: 49,446 Galen Fries (Libertarian): 4,239
Dennis Slotnick (Natural Law): 3,096
2002  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 132,236 Edward S. Emery: 46,481 (none)
2004  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 199,528 Larry A. Kaczala: 93,930 (none)
2006  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 153,880 Brad Leavitt: 55,119 (none)
2008  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 210,822 Brad Leavitt: 73,610 (none)
2010  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 121,819 Rich Iott: 83,423 (none)
2012  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 217,775 Joe Wurzelbacher: 68,666 Sean Stipe (Libertarian): 11,725
2014[13]  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 106,338 Richard May: 50,792 Cory Hoffman, George A. Skalsky (Both Write-in): 0
2016  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 193,966 Donald P. Larson: 88,427 George Skalsky (Write-in): 5
2018  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 157,219 Steve Kraus: 74,670 McKenzie Levindofske (Write-in): 48
2020  Y Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 190,328 Rob Weber: 111,385 Other: 39

GerrymanderingEdit

The current district lines were drawn by Republicans in 2011, following the redistricting based on the 2010 census. The boundaries of the 9th district have been cited as a signature example of the partisan gerrymandering of the Ohio redistricting.[9] In 2011, Roll Call criticized it as a product of gerrymandering, naming it one of the United States' "Top 5 Ugliest Districts".[8]

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  3. ^ "Ohio's 9th congressional district elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  4. ^ Alex M. Parker (February 9, 2012). "Friendly Fire Coming in House Re-Elections?". U.S. News and World Report.
  5. ^ Andrea Billups (February 6, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich face off in Ohio". The Washington Times.
  6. ^ Kevin Milliken (January 16, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich square off for one congressional seat". La Prensa.
  7. ^ "Kill the Snake by the Lake", Toledo Blade, Jan. 16, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
  8. ^ a b Shira Toeplitz (November 10, 2011). "Top 5 Ugliest Districts: Partisan Gerrymandering 101". Roll Call.
  9. ^ a b Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  10. ^ Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  11. ^ "U.S. Supreme Court tosses challenge to Republican-drawn Ohio congressional maps". Reuters. October 7, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 6, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
  13. ^ http://www.sos.state.oh.us/SOS/elections/Research/electResultsMain/2014Results.aspx