|Ohio's 9th congressional district|
This district is in the northern part of the state, bordering Michigan and Ontario, Canada (via Lake Erie), and includes portions of Cuyahoga, Erie, Lorain, Lucas, and Ottawa counties. Due to redistricting by the Republican-controlled state legislature following the 2010 state elections, the 9th district absorbed part of western Cuyahoga County pitting 10th district Democratic incumbent Dennis Kucinich against Kaptur in the 2012 Democratic primary.
The redesigned 9th district has been called "The Snake by the Lake" due to its long and skinny appearance on the map and one of the "Top 5 Ugliest Districts" due to gerrymandering. The two parts of the district are connected only via the Thomas Edison Memorial Bridge between Erie and Ottawa counties, as well as Crane Creek State Park. Some Ohio Democrats argued that when the beach floods, the reconfigured 9th is not contiguous.
It was one of several districts challenged in a 2018 lawsuit seeking to overturn Ohio's congressional map as unconstitutional gerrymandering. According to the lawsuit, the 9th "eats its way across the southern border of Lake Erie" while fragmenting Cleveland and Toledo. In 2019, the Supreme Court refused to hear the case meaning that Ohio's congressional districts, including district 9, would not need to be redrawn.
List of largest municipalitiesEdit
All or part of ten cities (whose population is greater than 5,000) are in the district.
The largest municipalities represented in this district include:
Election results from presidential racesEdit
|2000||President||Al Gore 55% - George W. Bush 41%|
|2004||President||John Kerry 58% - George W. Bush 42%|
|2008||President||Barack Obama 66.8% - John McCain 31.6%|
|2012||President||Barack Obama 67.6% - Mitt Romney 30.9%|
|2016||President||Hillary Clinton 58.7% - Donald Trump 36.5%|
|2020||President||Joe Biden 58.8% - Donald Trump 39.7%|
List of members representing the districtEdit
The following chart shows historic election results. Bold type indicates victor. Italic type indicates incumbent.
|1920||Isaac R. Sherwood: 38,292||William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 49,732||Karl E. Pauli: 47|
|1922||Isaac R. Sherwood: 45,059||William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 42,712||(none)|
|1924||Isaac R. Sherwood (Incumbent): 48,482||William W. Chalmers: 54,792||Millard Price (Prohibition): 2,159|
John Kocinski: 747
|1926||C. W. Davis: 23,947||William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 47,331||George F. Parrish (TRI): 1,110|
Millard Price (Socialist): 1,018
|1928||William P. Clarke: 50,601||William W. Chalmers (Incumbent): 82,560||Charles V. Stephenson (Workers): 190|
|1930||Scott Stahl: 36,375||Wilbur M. White: 49,498||(none)|
|1932||Warren J. Duffey: 56,755||Wilbur M. White (Incumbent): 54,078||Silas E. Hurin: 4,200|
Clyde E. Kiker: 2,135
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 1,314
Eugene Stoll (Communist): 620
|1934||Warren J. Duffey (Incumbent): 61,037||Frank L. Mulholland: 35,732||Kenneth Eggert (Communist): 684|
Karl Pauli (Socialist): 510
|1936||John F. Hunter: 75,737||Raymond E. Hildebrand: 55,043||Earl O. Lehman: 3,739|
|1938||John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 56,306||Homer A. Ramey: 55,441||(none)|
|1940||John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 86,956||Wilbur M. White: 71,927||(none)|
|1942||John F. Hunter (Incumbent): 44,027||Homer A. Ramey: 47,377||(none)|
|1944||John F. Hunter: 77,693||Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 82,735||(none)|
|1946||Michael DiSalle: 59,057||Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 59,394||(none)|
|1948||Thomas H. Burke: 85,409||Homer A. Ramey (Incumbent): 73,394||(none)|
|1950||Thomas H. Burke (Incumbent): 45,268||Homer A. Ramey: 43,301||Frazier Reams (Independent): 51,024|
|1952||Thomas H. Burke: 61,047||Gilmore Flues: 46,989||Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 74,821|
|1954||Thomas L. Ashley: 48,471||Irving C. Reynolds: 39,933||Frazier Reams (Independent, Incumbent): 44,656|
|1956||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent):||Harvey G. Straub: 81,562||(none)|
|1958||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 102,115||William K. Gernheuser: 63,660||(none)|
|1960||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 108,688||Howard C. Cook: 82,433||(none)|
|1962||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 86,443||Martin A. Janis: 64,279||(none)|
|1964||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 109,167||John O. Celusta: 64,401||(none)|
|1966||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 83,261||Jane M. Kuebbeler: 53,777||(none)|
|1968||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 85,280||Ben Marsh: 63,290||(none)|
|1970||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 82,777||Allen H. Shapiro: 33,947||(none)|
|1972||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 110,450||Joseph C. Richards: 49,388||(none)|
|1974||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 64,831||Carty Finkbeiner: 57,892||(none)|
|1976||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 91,040||Carty Finkbeiner: 73,919||Edward S. Emery: 1,533|
Lynn Galonsky: 1,477
|1978||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 71,709||John C. Hoyt: 34,326||Edward S. Emery: 2,563|
Michael James Lewinski: 4,530
|1980||Thomas L. Ashley (Incumbent): 68,728||Ed Weber: 96,927||Edward S. Emery: 4,357|
Toby Elizabeth Emmerich: 2,411
|1982||Marcy Kaptur: 95,162||Ed Weber (Incumbent): 64,459||David Muir (Libertarian): 1,217|
Susan A. Skinner: 1,785
James J. Somers: 1,594
|1984||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,985||Frank Venner: 93,210||Other: 3,714|
|1986||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 105,646||Mike Shufeldt: 30,643||(none)|
|1988||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 157,557||Al Hawkins: 36,183||(none)|
|1990||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 117,681||Jerry D. Lammers: 33,791||(none)|
|1992||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 178,879||Ken D. Brown: 53,011||Edward Howard: 11,162|
|1994||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 118,120||R. Randy Whitman: 38,665||(none)|
|1996||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 170,617||R. Randy Whitman: 46,040||Elizabeth A. Slotnick (Natural Law): 4,677|
|1998||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 130,793||Edward S. Emery: 30,312||(none)|
|2000||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 168,547||Dwight E. Bryan: 49,446||Galen Fries (Libertarian): 4,239|
Dennis Slotnick (Natural Law): 3,096
|2002||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 132,236||Edward S. Emery: 46,481||(none)|
|2004||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 199,528||Larry A. Kaczala: 93,930||(none)|
|2006||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 153,880||Brad Leavitt: 55,119||(none)|
|2008||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 210,822||Brad Leavitt: 73,610||(none)|
|2010||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 121,819||Rich Iott: 83,423||(none)|
|2012||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 217,775||Joe Wurzelbacher: 68,666||Sean Stipe (Libertarian): 11,725|
|2014||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 106,338||Richard May: 50,792||Cory Hoffman, George A. Skalsky (Both Write-in): 0|
|2016||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 193,966||Donald P. Larson: 88,427||George Skalsky (Write-in): 5|
|2018||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 157,219||Steve Kraus: 74,670||McKenzie Levindofske (Write-in): 48|
|2020||Marcy Kaptur (Incumbent): 190,328||Rob Weber: 111,385||Other: 39|
The current district lines were drawn by Republicans in 2011, following the redistricting based on the 2010 census. The boundaries of the 9th district have been cited as a signature example of the partisan gerrymandering of the Ohio redistricting. In 2011, Roll Call criticized it as a product of gerrymandering, naming it one of the United States' "Top 5 Ugliest Districts".
Historical district boundariesEdit
- "My Congressional District".
- "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
- "Ohio's 9th congressional district elections, 2012". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
- Alex M. Parker (February 9, 2012). "Friendly Fire Coming in House Re-Elections?". U.S. News and World Report.
- Andrea Billups (February 6, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich face off in Ohio". The Washington Times.
- Kevin Milliken (January 16, 2012). "Kaptur, Kucinich square off for one congressional seat". La Prensa.
- "Kill the Snake by the Lake", Toledo Blade, Jan. 16, 2018. Retrieved August 7, 2018.
- Shira Toeplitz (November 10, 2011). "Top 5 Ugliest Districts: Partisan Gerrymandering 101". Roll Call.
- Todd Ruger, "Voters Challenge Ohio Congressional Map as Partisan Gerrymander", Roll Call, May 23, 2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- Ohio A. Philip Randolph Institute et al., v. John Kasich, UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF OHIO, filed 05/23/2018. Retrieved 7 August 2018.
- "U.S. Supreme Court tosses challenge to Republican-drawn Ohio congressional maps". Reuters. October 7, 2019. Retrieved November 28, 2021.
- "U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 6, 2012. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present