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Joseph Hodson Outhwaite (December 5, 1841 – December 9, 1907) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.

Joseph Hodson Outhwaite
Joseph Hodson Outhwaite.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 12th district
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1895
Preceded byWilliam H. Enochs
Succeeded byDavid K. Watson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1891 – March 3, 1893
Preceded byWilliam C. Cooper
Succeeded byByron F. Ritchie
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 13th district
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891
Preceded byGeorge L. Converse
Succeeded byJames I. Dungan
3rd Dean of Moritz College of Law
In office
Preceded byWilliam F. Hunter
Succeeded byJohn Jay Adams
Personal details
Born(1841-12-05)December 5, 1841
Cleveland, Ohio
DiedDecember 9, 1907(1907-12-09) (aged 66)
Columbus, Ohio
Resting placeGreen Lawn Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Outhwaite attended the public schools of Zanesville, Ohio. He taught in Zanesville's high school from 1862 to 1864. Outhwaite was principal of a grammar school in Columbus, Ohio from 1864 to 1867, studying law while teaching. He was admitted to the bar in 1866 and practiced from 1867 to 1871 at Osceola, Missouri. He served as prosecuting attorney of Franklin County, Ohio from 1874 to 1878. Starting in 1879 he was trustee of the county children's home, continuing until he was appointed trustee of the fund of the city of Columbus in 1883, staying there until 1889.

Outhwaite was elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1895). He served as chairman of the Committee on Pacific Railroads (Fiftieth Congress), Committee on Military Affairs (Fifty-second and Fifty-third Congresses). He was appointed a member of the commission to codify the laws of the United States.

Outhwaite was Dean of the law school at Ohio State University from 1904 until his death in Columbus on December 9, 1907. He is interred in Green Lawn Cemetery.


  • United States Congress. "Joseph H. Outhwaite (id: O000136)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

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