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Montana's 1st congressional district

From 1913 to 1993, Montana had two congressional districts. From 1913 to 1919, those seats were elected statewide At-large on a general ticket. After 1919, however, the state was divided into geographical districts, with the 1st district covering the western part of the state, including Missoula, Great Falls, Butte, and Helena.

After 1993, the second seat was eliminated and the remaining seat was elected At-large.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Notes
District created March 4, 1919.
  John M. Evans Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Redistricted from the at-large seat.
Lost re-election.
  Washington J. McCormick Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Lost re-election.
  John M. Evans Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1933
Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1932
  Joseph P. Monaghan Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Jerry J. O'Connell Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1938
  Jacob Thorkelson Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
Lost renomination.
  Jeannette Rankin Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Retired.
  Mike Mansfield Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Lee Metcalf Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Arnold Olsen Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1971
Lost re-election.
  Richard G. Shoup Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1975
Lost re-election.
  Max Baucus Democratic January 3, 1975 –
December 14, 1978
Resigned, having been appointed to the U.S. Senate.
Vacant December 14, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
  Pat Williams Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the at-large seat.
District eliminated January 3, 1993.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present