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Montana's 1st congressional district

From 1913 to 1993, Montana had two congressional districts. From 1913 to 1919, those seats were elected statewide At-large on a general ticket. After 1919, however, the state was divided into geographical districts, with the 1st district covering the western part of the state, including Missoula, Great Falls, Butte, and Helena.

After 1993, the second seat was eliminated and the remaining seat was elected At-large.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Notes
District created March 4, 1919.
  John M. Evans Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th Redistricted from the at-large seat.
Lost re-election.
  Washington J. McCormick Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Lost re-election.
  John M. Evans Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1933
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1932
  Joseph P. Monaghan Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
73rd
74th
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Jerry J. O'Connell Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1938
  Jacob Thorkelson Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Lost renomination.
  Jeannette Rankin Republican January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th Retired.
  Mike Mansfield Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Lee Metcalf Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
83rd
84th
85th
86th
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.
  Arnold Olsen Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1971
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
Lost re-election.
  Richard G. Shoup Republican January 3, 1971 –
January 3, 1975
92nd
93rd
Lost re-election.
  Max Baucus Democratic January 3, 1975 –
December 14, 1978
94th
95th
Resigned, having been appointed to the U.S. Senate.
Vacant December 14, 1978 –
January 3, 1979
  Pat Williams Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Redistricted to the at-large seat.
District eliminated January 3, 1993.

ReferencesEdit

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present