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Alabama's 5th congressional district

Coordinates: 34°46′39.78″N 86°46′51.62″W / 34.7777167°N 86.7810056°W / 34.7777167; -86.7810056

Alabama's 5th congressional district is a U.S. congressional district in Alabama, which elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It encompasses the counties of Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison, Morgan and most of Jackson.

Alabama's 5th congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Mo Brooks
RHuntsville
Area4,689 sq mi (12,140 km2)
Distribution
  • 65.53[1]% urban
  • 34.47% rural
Population (2016)712,529[2]
Median income$54,707[3]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+18[4]

It is currently represented by Republican Mo Brooks, a former Madison County Commissioner. Brooks was elected in 2010 after defeating Democrat-turned-Republican incumbent Parker Griffith in the 2010 Republican primary. Brooks later went on to defeat Democrat Steve Raby in the November general election.

Contents

CharacterEdit

Two major economic projects have lastingly impacted the 5th District and have indelibly dictated the politics of North Alabama for most of the 20th Century. Before 1933, the Northern Alabama counties were characteristically poor, white and rural. The Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) arrival changed much of that, slowly transforming the demographic towards technical and engineering employees. The second major project was the space and rocketry programs including Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville where the first large U.S. Ballistic missiles were developed. Additionally, NASA built the Marshall Space Flight Center in the Huntsville-Decatur area during the 1960s. In the late 1950s Northern Alabama came to be dominated by the high-tech and engineering industries, a trend which has continued up to the present. In recent years, the United Launch Alliance has located its research center in Decatur. As a result, Huntsville has become the second largest and fastest growing metropolitan area in Alabama.

For a time, the district bucked the increasing Republican trend in Alabama. It was the only district in the state that supported Walter Mondale in 1984, but hasn't supported a Democrat for president since then. Democrats continue to hold most offices at the local level, and continued to hold most of the district's seats in the Alabama state legislature until the Republicans swept nearly all of north Alabama's seats in 2010. In the mid-1990s, it was a seriously contested seat, with longtime Democratic incumbent Bud Cramer winning reelection by only 1,770 votes in 1994. However, Cramer was elected five more times with 70 percent or more of the vote and even ran unopposed in the Democratic landslide year of 2006. Cramer did not seek reelection in 2008. Parker Griffith, a retired oncologist and State Senator, won the open seat in November 2008. However, in December 2009, Griffith became a Republican. Until Griffith's switch, the district had been one of the last in the former Confederacy not to have sent a Republican to the U.S. Congress since Reconstruction. Griffith was ousted in the Republican primary by current Representative Mo Brooks.

George W. Bush won 60% of the vote in this district in 2004. John McCain also carried the 5th District in 2008 with 60.91% of the vote while Barack Obama received 37.99%.

Recent election results from statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54–44%
2004 President Bush 60–39%
2008 President McCain 61–38%
2012 President Romney 64–35%
2016 President Trump 65–31%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Congress Representative Party Years Electoral history
March 4, 1833 District created
23rd  
John Murphy
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Elected in 1832.
24th  
Francis Strother Lyon
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Elected in 1834.
Re-elected in 1836.
25th Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
26th  
James Dellet
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
Elected in 1838.
27th None March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large.
28th
29th
30th
 
George S. Houston
Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1849
Redistricted from the at-large district.
Re-elected in 1842.
Re-elected in 1844.
Re-elected in 1846.

Retired.
31st David Hubbard Democratic March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1848.

Lost re-election.
32nd
33rd
34th
35th
36th
 
George S. Houston
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
January 21, 1861
Elected in 1850.
Re-elected in 1852.
Re-elected in 1854.
Re-elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.

Withdrew.
36th
37th
38th
39th
40th
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
July 21, 1868
Civil War and Reconstruction
40th  
John Benton Callis
Republican July 21, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
Elected to finish the vacant term.
41st
42nd
Peter Myndert Dox Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
43rd
44th
John Henry Caldwell Democratic March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1877
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
45th  
Robert Fulwood Ligon
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1876.
46th
47th
48th
Thomas Williams Democratic March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.

Re-elected in 1882.
49th Thomas William Sadler Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1887
Elected in 1884.
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
 
James E. Cobb
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
April 21, 1896
Elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.

Lost 1894 contested election.
54th  
Albert Taylor Goodwyn
Populist April 21, 1896 –
March 3, 1897
Won 1894 contested election.
55th
56th
Willis Brewer Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
Elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
57th
58th
 
Charles Winston Thompson
Democratic March 4, 1901 –
March 20, 1904
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.

Died.
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
 
J. Thomas Heflin
Democratic May 19, 1904 –
November 1, 1920
Elected to finish Thompson's term.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.

Resigned when appointed U.S. Seantor.
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
William B. Bowling Democratic December 14, 1920 –
August 16, 1928
Elected to finish Heflin's term.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.

Resigned after being appointed judge for 5th Alabama Circuit.
70th
71st
72nd
LaFayette L. Patterson Democratic November 6, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Bowling's term.
Re-elected in 1930.
73rd Miles C. Allgood Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1935
Elected in 1932.
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
Joe Starnes Democratic January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1945
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.

Lost renomination.
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
 
Albert Rains
Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1963
Elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.

Redistricted to the at-large district..
88th None January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large.
89th
90th
 
Armistead I. Selden Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the at-large district..
Re-elected in 1964.

Re-elected in 1966.
91st
92nd
 
Walter Flowers
Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.

Redistricted to the 7th district
93rd
94th
 
Robert E. Jones Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1977
Redistricted from the 8th district
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.

Retired.
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
 
Ronnie G. Flippo
Democratic January 3, 1977 –
January 3, 1991
Elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.

Retired to run for Governor of Alabama.
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
 
Bud Cramer
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2009
Elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.

Retired.
111th  
Parker Griffith
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
December 22, 2009
Elected in 2008.

Switched parties.

Lost renomination.
Republican December 22, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
 
Mo Brooks
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Previous election resultsEdit

2000Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bud Cramer* 186,059 89%
Libertarian Alan F. Barksdale 22,110 11%
Write-in Write-ins 1,345 0.6%
Majority 163,949 78%
Total votes 209,514 100%
Democratic hold

2002Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bud Cramer* 143,029 73%
Republican Stephen P. Engel 48,226 25%
Libertarian Alan F. Barksdale 3,772 2%
Write-in Write-ins 144 0.07%
Majority 94,803 48%
Total votes 195,171 100%
Democratic hold

2004Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bud Cramer* 200,999 73%
Republican Gerry Wallace 74,145 27%
Write-in Write-ins 315 0.11%
Majority 126,854 46%
Total votes 275,459 100%
Democratic hold

2006Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bud Cramer* 143,015 98%
Write-in Write-ins 2,540 2%
Majority 140,475 96%
Total votes 145,555 100%
Democratic hold

2008Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Parker Griffith 158,324 52%
Republican Wayne Parker 147,314 48%
Write-in Write-ins 1,644 0.54%
Majority 11,010 4%
Total votes 307,282 100%
Democratic hold
  • Parker Griffith switched parties on December 22, 2009, and became a Republican.

2010Edit

Republican PrimaryEdit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District Republican Primary Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mo Brooks 35,746 51%
Republican Parker Griffith* 23,525 33%
Republican Les Phillip 11,085 16%
Majority 12,221 18%
Total votes 70,356 100%

General ElectionEdit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House General Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mo Brooks 131,109 58%
Democratic Steve Raby 95,192 42%
Majority 35,917 16%
Total votes 226,301 100%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mo Brooks* 188,924 65%
Democratic Charlie L. Holley 101,536 35%
Majority 87,388 30%
Total votes 290,460 100%
Republican hold

2014Edit

Alabama's 5th Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mo Brooks* 115,338 74%
Independent Mark Bray 39,305 26%
Majority 76,333 48%
Total votes 154,974 100%
Republican hold

2016Edit

Alabama 5th congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Mo Brooks 205,647 67%
Democratic Will Boyd 102,234 33%
No party Write-ins 445 0.14%
Total votes 308,326 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of April 2015, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 5th congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was Robert E. Jones, Jr. (served 1973–1977) on June 4, 1997.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Ronnie Flippo 1977–1991 (1937-08-15) August 15, 1937 (age 81)
Robert E. Cramer 1991–2009 (1947-08-22) August 22, 1947 (age 71)
Parker Griffith 2009–2011 (1942-08-06) August 6, 1942 (age 76)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003–2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=01&cd=05
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=01&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.