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1908 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1908 were held for members of the 61st Congress, coinciding with the 1908 presidential election, which William Howard Taft won.

1908 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1906 November 3, 1908[Note 1] 1910 →

All 391 seats to the United States House of Representatives
196 seats were needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  JGCannon.jpg ChampClark.jpg
Leader Joseph Cannon Champ Clark
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Illinois 18th Missouri 9th
Last election 224 seats 167 seats
Seats won 219[1][2] 172[1][2]
Seat change Decrease 5 Increase 5

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Taft was not as popular as his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt, but won with Roosevelt's backing, and his Republican Party lost only a handful of seats to the opposition Democrats. Without any striking national issues, the Republicans were able to remain in control. Regional issues led to some changes in House membership, but new Democrats who were elected by dissatisfied industrial workers were balanced out by new Republicans who gained seats in districts with a strong middle class presence.

Election summariesEdit

219 172
Republican Democratic
State Type Total
seats
Republican Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 0   9  
Arkansas District 7 0   7  
California District 8 8   0  
Colorado District
+at-large
3 0   3 3   3
Connecticut District
+at-large
5 5   0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   0  
Florida District 3 0   3  
Georgia District 11 0   11  
Idaho At-large 1 1   0  
Illinois District 25 19   1 6   1
Indiana District 13 2   7 11   7
Iowa District 11 10   1  
Kansas District 8 8   0  
Kentucky District 11 3   1 8   1
Louisiana District 7 0   7  
Maine[Note 2] District 4 4   0  
Maryland District 6 3   3  
Massachusetts District 14 11   3  
Michigan District 12 12   0  
Minnesota District 9 8   1  
Mississippi District 8 0   8  
Missouri District 16 6   2 10   2
Montana At-large 1 1   0  
Nebraska District 6 3   2 3   2
Nevada At-large 1 0   1  
New Hampshire District 2 2   0  
New Jersey District 10 7   1 3   1
New York District 37 26   11  
North Carolina District 10 3   3 7   3
North Dakota District 2 2   0  
Ohio District 21 13   3 8   3
Oklahoma District 5 3   2 2   2
Oregon[Note 2] District 2 2   0  
Pennsylvania District 32 27   2 5   2
Rhode Island District 2 2   1 0   1
South Carolina District 7 0   7  
South Dakota At-large 2 2   0  
Tennessee District 10 2   8  
Texas District 16 0   16  
Utah At-large 1 1   0  
Vermont[Note 2] District 2 2   0  
Virginia District 10 1   9  
Washington District[Note 3] 3 3   0  
West Virginia District 5 5   0  
Wisconsin District 11 10   1 1   1
Wyoming At-large 1 1   0  
Total 391 219
56.0%
  5 172
44.0%
  5
House seats
Republican
56.01%
Democratic
43.99%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1-100% Democratic
  80.1-100% Republican
  60.1-80% Democratic
  60.1-80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

In 1908, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

This was the last year that Oregon held its congressional elections early.

Complete returnsEdit

Party abbreviations

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William F. Englebright Republican 1906 Re-elected William F. Englebright (R) 54.1%
E. W. Holland (D) 36.8%
D. N. Cunningham (S) 7.6%
W. P. Fassett (Pro) 1.4%
California2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Re-elected Duncan E. McKinlay (R) 57.5%
W. K. Hays (D) 38.5%
A. J. Gaylord (S) 4%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Re-elected Joseph R. Knowland (R) 64.1%
George W. Peckham (D) 22.8%
O. H. Philbrick (S) 9.3%
John A. Sands (IL) 2.1%
T. H. Montgomery (Pro) 1.7%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Re-elected Julius Kahn (R) 52.7%
James G. Maguire (D) 42.9%
K. J. Doyle (S) 4%
William N. Meserve (Pro) 0.3%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Re-elected Everis A. Hayes (R) 49.1%
George A. Tracy (D) 42.8%
E. H. Misner (S) 6.3%
Walter E. Vail (Pro) 1.8%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Re-elected James C. Needham (R) 52%
Fred P. Feliz (D) 38.7%
W. M. Pattison (S) 5.6%
James W. Webb (Pro) 3.7%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Re-elected James McLachlan (R) 91.5%
Jud R. Rush (D) 6.3%
A. R. Holston (S) 1.1%
Marshall W. Atwood (Pro) 1%
F. G. Hentig (IL) 0.2%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Re-elected Sylvester C. Smith (R) 55.7%
W. E. Shepherd (D) 34.7%
Noble A. Richardson (S) 9.6%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Re-elected Stephen M. Sparkman (D) 75.2%
George W. Allen (R) 15.0%
C. C. Allen (S) 9.8%
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Re-elected Frank Clark (D) 75.9%
William R. O'Neal (R) 18.0%
A. N. Jackson (S) 6.1%
Florida 3 William B. Lamar Democratic 1902 Ran unsuccessfully for the Senate
Democratic hold
Dannite H. Mays (D) 84.5%
William Northrup (R) 15.5%

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Re-elected George Swinton Legaré (D) 90.1%
Aaron P. Prioleau (R) 9.9%
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Re-elected James O'H. Patterson (D) 99.3%
Isaac Myers (R) 0.7%
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Re-elected Wyatt Aiken (D) 100%
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Re-elected Joseph T. Johnson (D) 100%
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Re-elected David E. Finley (D) 100%
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Re-elected J. Edwin Ellerbe (D) 100%
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Re-elected Asbury F. Lever (D) 90.9%
AR. H. Richardson (R) 9.1%

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held earlier elections between June 1 and September 14.
  2. ^ a b c Elections held early
  3. ^ Changed from at-large.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b Martis, pp. 162–163.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit