1894 United States House of Representatives elections

The 1894 United States House of Representatives elections were held from June 4, 1894 to November 6, 1894, with special elections throughout the year. Elections were held to elect representatives from all 356 congressional districts across each of the 46 U.S. states at the time, as well as non-voting delegates from the inhabited U.S. territories. The winners of this election served in the 54th Congress, with seats apportioned among the states based on the 1890 United States Census.

1894 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1892 June 4, 1894[a] – November 6, 1894[b] 1896 →

All 356 seats in the United States House of Representatives[c]
179 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  TBReed.jpg Charles Frederick Crisp (cropped).jpg
Leader Thomas Brackett Reed Charles Frederick Crisp
Party Republican Democratic
Leader's seat Maine 1st Georgia 3rd
Last election 124 seats 218 seats
Seats before 143 seats[d] 198 seats[e]
Seats won 253[f][g] 93[f][g]
Seat change Increase 110 Decrease 105
Popular vote 5,442,266 4,252,292
Percentage 48.27% 37.72%
Swing Increase 7.45% Decrease 9.66%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Populist Silver
Last election 11 seats 1 seat
Seats before 13 seats 1 seat
Seats won 9[f][g] 1[f]
Seat change Decrease 4 Steady
Popular vote 1,242,242 4,581
Percentage 11.02% 0.04%
Swing Increase 2.73% Decrease 0.02%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 2 seats
Seats before 2 seats
Seats won 0
Seat change Decrease 2
Popular vote 82,148
Percentage 0.73%
Swing Decrease 0.08%

Speaker before election

Charles Crisp
Democratic

Elected Speaker

Thomas Reed
Republican

The elections comprised a significant political realignment, with a major Republican landslide that set the stage for the decisive election of 1896. The elections of members of the United States House of Representatives in 1894 came in the middle of Democratic President Grover Cleveland's second term. The nation was in its deepest economic depression at the time following the Panic of 1893 that pushed economic issues to the forefront. In the spring, a major coal strike damaged the economy of the Midwest and Mid-Atlantic. It was accompanied by violence; the miners lost and many joined the Populist Party. Immediately after the coal strike concluded, Eugene V. Debs led a nationwide railroad strike, called the Pullman Strike. It shut down the nation's transportation system west of Detroit for weeks, until President Cleveland's use of federal troops ended the strike. Debs went to prison for disobeying a court order. Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld, a Democrat, broke bitterly with Cleveland.

The fragmented and disoriented Democratic Party was crushed everywhere outside of the South, losing more than 55% of its seats to the Republican Party. The Democrats did so poorly that even in the South, they lost seats to the Republican-Populist electoral fusion in Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.[2][3] The Democrats ultimately lost 127 seats in this election, with the Republicans gaining 130 seats after the resolution of several contested elections.

The 1894 election is the largest seat swing in the history of the House of Representatives. As of 2020, the only other occasion where a political party has suffered triple-digit losses was in 1932.

The main issues revolved around the severe economic depression, which the Republicans blamed on the conservative Bourbon Democrats led by Cleveland. Cleveland supporters lost heavily, weakening their hold on the party and setting the stage for an 1896 takeover by the free silver wing of the party. The Populist Party ran candidates in the South and Midwest, but generally lost ground outside of the South. The Democrats tried to raise a religious issue, claiming the GOP was in cahoots with the anti-Catholic American Protective Association; the allegations seem to have fallen flat as Catholics swung towards the GOP.[4]

Election summariesEdit

93 10 254
Democratic [h] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Populist Republican Silver
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 9 5   4 2   2 2   2 0  
Arkansas District 6 6   0   0   0  
California District 7 1   2 0   1 6   3 0  
Colorado District 2 0   1   1 1   1 0  
Connecticut District 4 0   3 0   4   3 0  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1 0   1   1 0  
Florida District 2 2   0   0   0  
Georgia District 11 11   0   0   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   0   1   0  
Illinois District 22 0   11 0   22   11 0  
Indiana District 13 0   11 0   13   11 0  
Iowa District 11 0   1 0   11   1 0  
Kansas District
+at-large
8 0   1   4 7   4 0  
Kentucky District 11 5   5 0   6   5 0  
Louisiana District 6 6   0   0   0  
Maine[i] District 4 0   0   4   0  
Maryland District 6 3   3 0   3   3 0  
Massachusetts District 13 1   3 0   12   3 0  
Michigan District 12 0   5 0   12   5 0  
Minnesota District 7 0   2 0   1 7   3 0  
Mississippi District 7 7   0   0   0  
Missouri District 15 4   9 0   11   9 0  
Montana At-large 1 0   0   1   0  
Nebraska District 6 0   1 1   1 5   2 0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   1 0   0   1   1
New Hampshire District 2 0   0   2   0  
New Jersey District 8 0   6 0   8   6 0  
New York District 34 4   16 0   30   16 0  
North Carolina District 9 2   6 4   4 3   2 0  
North Dakota At-large 1 0   0   1   0  
Ohio District 21 2   9 0   19   9 0  
Oregon[i] District 2 0   0   2   0  
Pennsylvania District
+2 at-large
30 2   8 0   28   8 0  
Rhode Island District 2 0   2 0   2   2 0  
South Carolina District 7 6   0   1   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 0   0   2   0  
Tennessee District 10 6   2 0   4   2 0  
Texas District 13 12   1 0   1   1 0  
Vermont[i] District 2 0   0   2   0  
Virginia District 10 8   2 0   2   2 0  
Washington At-large 2 0   0   2   0  
West Virginia District 4 0   4 0   4   4 0  
Wisconsin District 10 0   6 0   10   6 0  
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1 0   1   1 0  
Total[c] 356 93[f]
26.1%
  107 9[f]
2.5%
  4 253[f]
71.1%
  110 1[f]
0.3%
  1
Popular vote
Republican
48.27%
Democratic
37.72%
Populist
11.02%
Silver
0.04%
Independent
0.73%
Others
2.22%
House seats
Republican
71.07%
Democratic
26.12%
Populist
2.53%
Silver
0.28%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
 
  80+% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
 
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Populist
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3 to 5 Democratic gain
 
  3 to 5 Republican gain
  1 to 2 Democratic gain
  1 to 2 Populist gain
  1 to 2 Republican gain
  no net change

Special electionsEdit

15 special elections took place in 1894 leading up to and following the general election. They are listed below in order of election date then by state and district. Republicans flipped 3 seats in the special elections in New York's 14th, Kentucky's 9th, and Maryland's 5th congressional districts.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Virginia 7 Charles T. O'Ferrall Democratic 1884 (Special) Incumbent resigned December 28, 1893 after being elected Governor of Virginia.
New member elected January 30, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Winner later re-elected in November, see below.
  •  Y Smith S. Turner (Democratic) 65.09%
  • E. D. Root (Republican) 34.59%
  • Basil Gordon (unknown) 0.32%[5]
New York 14 John R. Fellows Democratic 1890 Incumbent resigned December 31, 1893 to become District Attorney of New York City.
New member elected January 30, 1894.
Republican gain.
Winner later re-elected in November, see below.
  •  Y Lemuel E. Quigg (Republican) 49.62%
  • William L. Brown (Democratic) 46.14%
  • Daniel De Leon (Socialist Labor) 2.46%
  • George Munro (Prohibition) 0.90%
  • George A. Hunter (People's) 0.88%[6]
Pennsylvania at-large William Lilly Republican 1892 Incumbent died December 1, 1893.
New member elected February 26, 1894.
Republican hold.
South Carolina 1 William H. Brawley Democratic 1890 Incumbent resigned February 12, 1894, to become judge for the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina.
New member elected April 12, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 1 Robert F. Bratton Democratic 1892 Incumbent died May 10, 1894.
New member elected November 6, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 3 George W. Houk Democratic 1890 Incumbent died February 9, 1894.
New member elected May 21, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Wisconsin 7 George B. Shaw Republican 1892 Incumbent died August 27, 1894.
New member elected November 5, 1894.
Republican hold.
Alabama 3 William C. Oates Democratic 1880 Incumbent resigned November 5, 1894, after being elected Governor of Alabama.
New member elected November 6, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Kentucky 9 Thomas H. Paynter Democratic 1888 Incumbent resigned January 5, 1895, having been elected to the Kentucky Court of Appeals.
New member elected November 6, 1894, but didn't take his seat until March 4, 1895.
Republican gain.
Maryland 5 Barnes Compton Democratic 1884
1890 (Lost election contest)
1890
Incumbent resigned May 15, 1894, to become a naval officer.
New member elected November 6, 1894.
Republican gain.
Arkansas 2 Clifton R. Breckinridge Democratic 1882 Incumbent resigned August 14, 1894, to become U.S. Minister to Russia.
New member elected December 3, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Kentucky 10 Marcus C. Lisle Democratic 1892 Incumbent died July 7, 1894.
New member elected December 3, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Louisiana 4 Newton C. Blanchard Democratic 1880 Incumbent resigned March 12, 1894, to become a U.S. Senator.
New member elected December 3, 1894.
Democratic hold.
Ohio 2 John A. Caldwell Republican 1888 Incumbent resigned April 4, 1894, to become Mayor of Cincinnati.
New member elected December 3, 1894.
Republican hold.
New York 15 Ashbel P. Fitch Democratic 1886 Incumbent resigned December 26, 1893, to become New York City Comptroller.
New member elected December 30, 1894.
Democratic hold.

Early election datesEdit

In 1894, three states, with 8 seats among them, held elections early:

AlabamaEdit

ArkansasEdit

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Thomas J. Geary Democratic 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 2 Anthony Caminetti Democratic 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 3 Warren B. English Democratic 1892 (Contested) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 4 James G. Maguire Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
California 5 Eugene F. Loud Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Eugene F. Loud (Republican) 36.8%
  • Joseph P. Kelly (Democratic) 23.0%
  • James T. Rogers (Populist) 21.5%
  • James Denman (Prohibition) 18.7%
California 6 Marion Cannon Populist 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
California 7 William W. Bowers Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William W. Bowers (Republican) 42.9%
  • W. H. Alford (Democratic) 28.2%
  • J. L. Gilbert (Populist) 25.0%
  • W. H. Somers (Prohibition) 3.9%

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen R. Mallory Democratic 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Florida 2 Charles Merian Cooper Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

GeorgiaEdit

IdahoEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho at-large Willis Sweet Republican 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Edgar Wilson (Republican) 43.38%
  • James Gunn (Populist) 31.53%
  • James M. Ballatine (Democratic) 24.37%
  • William J. Boone (Prohibition) 0.72%[7]

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

MassachusettsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Massachusetts 1 Ashley B. Wright Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Ashley B. Wright (Republican) 55.2%
  • Addison L. Green (Democratic) 39.2%
  • Augustus R. Smith (Prohibition) 3.3%
  • Jonathan Johnson (People's) 2.3%
Massachusetts 2 Frederick H. Gillett Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 3 Joseph H. Walker Republican 1888 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph H. Walker (Republican) 59.4%
  • Charles Haggerty (Democratic) 35.6%
  • Henry S. Brown (Populist) 2.55%
  • George F. Wright (Prohibition) 2.45%
Massachusetts 4 Lewis D. Apsley Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Lewis D. Apsley (Republican) 64.9%
  • John J. Desmond (Democratic) 32.2%
  • Bertram Sparhawk (Populist) 3.0%
Massachusetts 5 Moses T. Stevens Democratic 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y William S. Knox (Republican) 51.7%
  • George W. Fifield (Democratic) 44.4%
  • Hiram W. Eastman (Populist) 2.7%
  • Warren F. Taylor (Prohibition) 1.1%
Massachusetts 6 William Cogswell Republican 1886 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William Cogswell (Republican) 68.3%
  • Henry B. Little (Democratic) 24.2%
  • Joseph K. Harris (Populist) 7.5%
Massachusetts 7 William Everett Democratic 1893 (special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Massachusetts 8 Samuel W. McCall Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 9 Joseph H. O'Neil Democratic 1888 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y John F. Fitzgerald (Democratic) 53.3%
  • Jesse M. Gove (Republican) 44.4%
  • Patrick F. O'Neil (Socialist Labor) 2.4%
Massachusetts 10 Michael J. McEttrick Citizens Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected
Republican gain.
Massachusetts 11 William F. Draper Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William F. Draper (Republican) 62.0%
  • Bentley W. Warren (Democratic) 34.7%
  • John F. Dowd (Populist) 3.4%
Massachusetts 12 Elijah A. Morse Republican 1888 Incumbent re-elected.
Massachusetts 13 Charles S. Randall Republican 1888 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y John Simpkins (Republican) 61.2%
  • Robert Howard (Democratic) 38.8%

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 John M. Allen Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 John C. Kyle Democratic 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John C. Kyle (Democratic) 75.30%
  • R. J. Lyle (Populist) 20.90%
  • W. R. Montgomery (Republican) 3.23%
  • N. W. Brown (Prohibition) 0.57%[9]
Mississippi 3 Thomas C. Catchings Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Hernando Money Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Hernando Money (Democratic) 57.88%
  • J. H. Jamison (Populist) 41.65%
  • Frank Sourer (Prohibition) 0.47%[11]
Mississippi 5 John S. Williams Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 6 T. R. Stockdale Democratic 1886 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 7 Charles E. Hooker Democratic 1886 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y James G. Spencer (Democratic) 70.19%
  • A. M. Newman (Populist) 26.44%
  • T. P. Barr (Prohibition) 3.38%[14]

MissouriEdit

MontanaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana at-large Charles S. Hartman Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 William Jennings Bryan Democratic 1890 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. senator.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Jesse B. Strode (Republican) 44.90%
  • Austin H. Weir (Democratic) 39.79%
  • Richard H. Hawley (Prohibition) 3.37%[16]
Nebraska 2 David H. Mercer Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 3 George de Rue Meiklejohn Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George de Rue Meiklejohn (Republican) 44.51%
  • John M. Devine (Populist) 31.61%
  • W. A. Hensley (Democratic) 21.59%
  • J. C. Thomas (Prohibition) 2.29%[18]
Nebraska 4 Eugene Jerome Hainer Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 5 William A. McKeighan Populist 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Nebraska 6 Omer Madison Kem Populist 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Omer Madison Kem (Populist) 52.31%
  • Matt A. Dougherty (Republican) 44.96%
  • William Bone (Prohibition) 2.73%[21]

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New MexicoEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

North DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
North Dakota at-large Martin N. Johnson Republican 1890 Incumbent re-elected.

OhioEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates[23]
Ohio 1 Bellamy Storer Republican 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 2 Jacob H. Bromwell Republican 1894 (s) Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 3 Paul J. Sorg Democratic 1894 (s) Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 4 Fernando C. Layton Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 5 Dennis D. Donovan Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 6 George W. Hulick Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 7 George W. Wilson Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 8 Luther M. Strong Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 9 Byron F. Ritchie Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 10 Hezekiah S. Bundy Republican 1893 (s) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 11 Charles H. Grosvenor Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 12 Joseph H. Outhwaite Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 13 Darius D. Hare Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 14 Michael D. Harter Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 15 H. Clay Van Voorhis Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 16 Albert J. Pearson Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 17 James A. D. Richards Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 18 George P. Ikirt Democratic 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Ohio 19 Stephen A. Northway Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Ohio 20 William J. White Republican 1892 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Ohio 21 Tom L. Johnson Democratic 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

OregonEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oregon 1 Binger Hermann Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Binger Hermann (Republican) 47.62%
  • Charles Miller (Populist) 26.99%
  • J. K. Weatherford (Democratic) 23.08%
  • John D. Hurst (Prohibition) 2.31%[24]
Oregon 2 William R. Ellis Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William R. Ellis (Republican) 47.89%
  • Joseph Waldrop (People's) 27.27%
  • James H. Raley (Democratic) 22.87%
  • A. F. Miller (Prohibition) 1.97%[25]

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 James F. Izlar Democratic 1894 (Special) Incumbent retired.
Democratic loss.
George W. Murray
Redistricted from the 7th district
Republican 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Murray successfully challenged Elliott's election and was awarded the seat on June 4, 1896.[27]
South Carolina 2 W. Jasper Talbert Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 Asbury Latimer Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Asbury Latimer (Democratic) 81.3%
  • Robert Moorman (Republican) 13.9%
  • Others 4.8%
South Carolina 4 George W. Shell Democratic 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Stanyarne Wilson (Democratic) 75.1%
  • Lawson D. Melton (Republican) 24.7%
  • Others 0.2%
South Carolina 5 Thomas J. Strait Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Thomas J. Strait (Democratic) 67.6%
  • G. G. Alexander (Republican) 17.0%
  • W. R. Davie (Independent) 12.8%
  • Others 2.6%
South Carolina 6 John L. McLaurin Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 None (Open seat due to redistricting) New member elected.
Democratic gain.
The election was voided on June 1, 1896 due to electoral fraud.
  •  Y J. William Stokes (Democratic) 73.0%
  • T. B. Johnson (Republican) 26.3%
  • Others 0.7%

South DakotaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Dakota at-large
2 seats
John Pickler Republican 1889 Incumbent re-elected.
William V. Lucas Republican 1892 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Alfred A. Taylor Republican 1888 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Tennessee 2 John C. Houk Republican 1891 (special) Incumbent lost re-election as an Independent Republican.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Henry R. Gibson (Republican) 53.24%
  • John C. Houk (Independent Republican) 43.31%
  • Jonathan M. Meek (Populist) 2.10%
  • W. G. Olinger (Prohibition) 1.36%[30]
Tennessee 3 Henry C. Snodgrass Democratic 1890 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 James D. Richardson Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 Joseph E. Washington Democratic 1886 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 Nicholas N. Cox Democratic 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Nicholas N. Cox (Democratic) 52.57%
  • H. F. Farris (Republican) 36.78%
  • J. K. Blackburn (Populist) 10.65%[35]
Tennessee 8 Benjamin A. Enloe Democratic 1886 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Tennessee 9 James C. McDearmon Democratic 1892 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 Josiah Patterson Democratic 1890 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Josiah Patterson (Democratic) 66.12%
  • J. W. Brown (Republican) 19.43%
  • R. J. Rawlings (Populist) 14.45%[38]

TexasEdit

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

WashingtonEdit

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 John O. Pendleton Democratic 1890 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Blackburn B. Dovener (Republican) 53.40%
  • John A. Howard (Democratic) 42.52%
  • John E. Stealey (Populist) 2.15%
  • Howard J. Holt (Prohibition) 1.93%[39]
West Virginia 2 William Lyne Wilson Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Alston G. Dayton (Republican) 51.83%
  • William S. Wilson (Democratic) 47.30%
  • John T. Jarmey (Populist) 0.74%
  • Ulysses A. Clayton (Prohibition) 0.12%[40]
West Virginia 3 John D. Alderson Democratic 1888 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
West Virginia 4 James Capehart Democratic 1890 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Warren Miller (Republican) 52.00%
  • Thomas H. Harvey (Democratic) 44.38%
  • Sampson H. Piersol (Populist) 3.55%
  • W. H. Shaw (Prohibition) 0.08%[42]

WisconsinEdit

WyomingEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming at-large Henry A. Coffeen Democratic 1892 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Oklahoma TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Oklahoma Territory at-large Dennis T. Flynn Republican 1892 Incumbent re-elected.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Three states held early elections between June 4 and September 10.
  2. ^ Not including special elections
  3. ^ a b Includes late elections.
  4. ^ Includes two vacancies.
  5. ^ Includes five vacancies.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Martis's figure includes Utah, which held its election in 1895 and is therefore not covered in this article.[1]
  7. ^ a b c Dubin (p. 312) counts 244 Republicans, 105 Democrats, 7 Populists, and 1 Silver at the opening of the 54th Congress, before the results of several contested elections were overturned in favor of Republican (and a few Populist) candidates. Dubin counts 253 Republicans, 93 Democrats, 9 Populists, and 1 Silver at the start of the 2nd session of the 54th Congress, which closely matches Martis' figure (pp. 148–49). Dubin's figure includes Utah, which held its election in 1895 and is therefore not covered in this article.
  8. ^ Populists won 9 seats and Silver won 1.
  9. ^ a b c Elections held early.
  10. ^ Full name unavailable.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Martis, pp. 148–49.
  2. ^ "Senate and House Secured; Republican Control in the Next Congress Assured". The New York Times. November 9, 1894. p. 5.
  3. ^ "African-Americans and Populism". Archived from the original on June 22, 2006. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
  4. ^ Jensen (1971), Chap. 9.
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - VA - District 07 Special Election Race - Jan 30, 1894". Our Campaigns.
  6. ^ "NY - District 14 - History". Our Campaigns.
  7. ^ "ID At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  10. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  11. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  12. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  13. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  14. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  15. ^ "MT At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  16. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  17. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  18. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  19. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 04 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  20. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 05 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  21. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 06 Race - Nov 6, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  22. ^ "ND At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 6, 2021.
  23. ^ Smith, Joseph P, ed. (1898). History of the Republican Party in Ohio. I. Chicago: the Lewis Publishing Company. pp. 656–57.
  24. ^ "Our Campaigns - OR - District 01 Race - Jun 04, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  25. ^ "Our Campaigns - OR - District 02 Race - Jun 04, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved November 20, 2021.
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns - SC - District 01 Race - Nov 06, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  27. ^ "Our Campaigns - SC - District 01 Race - Nov 06, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  28. ^ "SD At Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 8, 2021.
  29. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  30. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  31. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  32. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  33. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  34. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  35. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  36. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  37. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  38. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  39. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  40. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  41. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  42. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  43. ^ "WY At-Large". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  44. ^ "Our Campaigns - OK Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 06, 1894". www.ourcampaigns.com.

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External linksEdit