1884 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1884 for Representatives in the 49th Congress. These election coincided with the election of President Grover Cleveland.

1884 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1882 November 4, 1884[a] 1886 →

All 325 seats in the United States House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader John G. Carlisle Thomas Brackett Reed
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Kentucky 6th Maine 1st
Last election 196 seats 117 seats
Seats won 182[1][b] 141[1][b]
Seat change Decrease 14 Increase 24
Popular vote 4,954,599 4,665,184
Percentage 50.05% 47.13%
Swing Increase 1.15% Increase 5.52%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Greenback Independent
Last election 2 seats 5 seats[c]
Seats won 1[1][b] 1[d]
Seat change Decrease 1 Decrease 4
Popular vote 105,668 78,972
Percentage 1.07% 0.80%
Swing Decrease 1.99% Decrease 2.68%

House049ElectionMap.png
Elections results from the 1884 elections

Speaker before election

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elected Speaker

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

In spite of Cleveland's victory, the opposition Republican Party gained back some of the seats lost in 1882, but the Democratic Party retained a majority in the House. Republicans were able to make these slight gains by connecting their pro-business and industry message with progress. The Democrats were also hindered by the Panic of 1884, but were not greatly affected by it since the depression ended quickly.

Election summariesEdit

183 1 141
Democratic [e] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 8   0   0  
Arkansas District[f] 5 5   0   0  
California District[f] 6 1   5 5   5 0  
Colorado At-large 1 0   1   0  
Connecticut District 4 2   1 2   1 0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   0   0  
Florida District 2 2   1 0   1 0  
Georgia District[f] 10 10   0   0  
Illinois District 20 10   1 10   1 0  
Indiana District 13 9   4   0  
Iowa District 11 3   1 7   1 1[g]  
Kansas District[f] 7 0   7   0  
Kentucky District 11 10   1 1   1 0  
Louisiana District 6 5   1   0  
Maine[h] District[i] 4 0   4   0  
Maryland District 6 5   1 1   1 0  
Massachusetts District 12 2   1 10   1 0  
Michigan District 11 7   1 4   1 0  
Minnesota District 5 0   5   0  
Mississippi District 7 7   2 0   1 0   1[j]
Missouri District 14 12   2 2   2 0  
Nebraska District 3 0   3   0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   1 1   1 0  
New Hampshire District 2 0   2   0  
New Jersey District 7 3   4   0  
New York District[f] 34 17[d]   4 17   4 0  
North Carolina District[f] 9 8   1 1   1 0  
Ohio[h] District 21 11   2 10   2 0  
Oregon[h] At-large 1 0   1   0  
Pennsylvania District
+ at-large
28 8   4 20   5 0   1[g]
Rhode Island District 2 0   2   0  
South Carolina District 7 6   1   0  
Tennessee District 10 7   1 3   1 0  
Texas District 11 11   1 0   0   1[j]
Vermont[h] District 2 0   2   0  
Virginia District[f] 10 8   2 2   2 0   4[k]
West Virginia District 4 3   1   0  
Wisconsin District 9 2   4 7   4 0  
Total 325 183[1][d]
56.3%
  12 141[1]
43.4%
  19 1[1]
0.6%
  7
Popular vote
Democratic
50.05%
Republican
47.13%
Greenback
1.07%
Independent
0.80%
Others
0.95%
House seats
Democratic
56.00%
Republican
43.38%
Greenback
0.31%
Independent
0.31%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+ to 80% Democratic
  60+ to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Early election datesEdit

In 1884, four states, with 28 seats among them, held elections early:

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 7 Edmund W. M. Mackey Republican 1880 Incumbent died January 27, 1884.
New member elected March 18, 1884.
Republican hold.
Iowa 7
South Carolina 4 John H. Evins Democratic 1876 Incumbent died October 20, 1884.
New member elected November 12, 1884.
Democratic hold.
Successor had not been a candidate for the next term, see below.
Kansas 2

AlabamaEdit

ArkansasEdit

CaliforniaEdit

Two new districts were created for the seats gained in the 1882 reapportionment, eliminating the at-large district that had been created for them.

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Barclay Henley
Redistricted from the 2nd district
Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Barclay Henley (Democratic) 49.7%
  • Thomas L. Carothers (Republican) 49.3%
  • C. C. Bateman (Prohibitionist) 1%
California 2 Charles A. Sumner
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain
California 3 John R. Glascock
Redistricted from the at-large district
Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain
California 4 William Rosecrans
Redistricted from the 1st district
Democratic 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain
  •  Y William W. Morrow (Republican) 58.8%
  • R. P. Hastings (Democratic) 40.7%
  • H. S. Fitch (Populist) 0.5%
  • George Babcock (Prohibitionist) 0.0%
California 5 Pleasant B. Tully
Redistricted from the 4th district
Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain
  •  Y Charles N. Felton (Republican) 48.8%
  • Frank J. Sullivan (Democratic) 48.4%
  • C. Henderson (Prohibitionist) 1.4%
  • A. E. Redstone (Independent) 1.4%
California 6 None (District created) New seat
Republican gain
  •  Y Henry H. Markham (Republican) 49.1%
  • R. F. Del Valle (Democratic) 47.9%
  • Will D. Gould (Prohibitionist) 2.3%
  • Isaac Kinley (Populist) 0.7%

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Horatio Bisbee Jr. Republican 1880 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain

GeorgiaEdit

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

MassachusettsEdit

MichiganEdit

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 Henry L. Muldrow Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired to become First Assistant Secretary of the Interior.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 2 James R. Chalmers Independent 1882[l] Incumbent lost re-election as a Republican.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Mississippi 3 Elza Jeffords Republican 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
Mississippi 4 Hernando Money Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 5 Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 6 Henry S. Van Eaton Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 7 Ethelbert Barksdale Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.

MissouriEdit

NebraskaEdit

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New YorkEdit

North CarolinaEdit

OhioEdit

OregonEdit

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 Samuel Dibble Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Samuel Dibble (Democratic) 73.5%
  • W. N. Taft (Republican) 26.5%
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George D. Tillman (Democratic) 84.4%
  • E. J. Dickerson (Republican) 14.2%
  • Others 1.4%
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y D. Wyatt Aiken (Democratic) 93.5%
  • John R. Tolbert (Republican) 6.5%
South Carolina 4 John H. Evins Democratic 1876 Incumbent died October 20, 1884.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner was not elected to finish the current term.
South Carolina 5 John J. Hemphill Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y John J. Hemphill (Democratic) 74.5%
  • C. C. Macoy (Republican) 21.8%
  • Others 3.7%
South Carolina 6 George W. Dargan Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George W. Dargan (Democratic) 74.0%
  • Edmund H. Deas (Republican) 23.3%
  • Others 2.7%
South Carolina 7 Robert Smalls Republican 1884 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Augustus H. Pettibone Republican 1880 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 2 Leonidas C. Houk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 3 George G. Dibrell Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 Richard Warner Democratic 1880 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y James D. Richardson (Democratic) 58.46%
  • James A. Warder (Republican) 31.43%
  • Matt Martin (Independent Democratic) 8.28%
  • J. R. Beasley (Independent Greenback) 1.83%[15]
Tennessee 6 Andrew J. Caldwell Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 7 John G. Ballentine Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 8 John M. Taylor Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 9 Rice A. Pierce Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 10 H. Casey Young Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.

TexasEdit

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Nathan Goff Jr. Republican 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 2 William L. Wilson Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 3 Charles P. Snyder Democratic 1883 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
West Virginia 4 Eustace Gibson Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.

WisconsinEdit

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Idaho TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Idaho Territory at-large Theodore F. Singiser Republican 1882 Incumbent lost re-election.
New delegate elected.
Democratic gain.

Montana TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Montana Territory at-large Martin Maginnis Democratic 1872 Incumbent retired.
New delegate elected.
Democratic hold.

Wyoming TerritoryEdit

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Wyoming Territory at-large Morton E. Post Democratic 1880 Incumbent retired.
New delegate elected.
Republican gain.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Four states held early elections between June 2 and October 14.
  2. ^ a b c Dubin (p. 271) counts 182 Democrats, 142 Republicans, and 1 Greenback at the start of the 49th United States Congress.
  3. ^ Included 2 Independent Democrats and 1 Independent Republican.
  4. ^ a b c Includes 1 Independent Democrat, Truman A. Merriman of NY-11.
  5. ^ There was 1 Greenback member.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g At-large seats eliminated in redistricting.
  7. ^ a b Greenback Party
  8. ^ a b c d Elections held early.
  9. ^ Changed from at-large.
  10. ^ a b Independent in previous election.
  11. ^ Readjuster Party
  12. ^ Initial victor was Van. H. Manning, but election was overturned in 1884.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Martis, pp. 138–139.
  2. ^ "SC - District 07 Special Election". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  3. ^ https://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=491861
  4. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  5. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  6. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  7. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  8. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  9. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  10. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  11. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  12. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  13. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  14. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  15. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  16. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  17. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  18. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  19. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  20. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  21. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  22. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  23. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  24. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 17 April 2021.
  25. ^ "ID Territorial Delegate". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns - MT Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 04, 1884". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  27. ^ "WY Territorial Delegate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 11 April 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit