Open main menu

Samuel West Peel (September 13, 1831 – December 18, 1924) was a U.S. Representative from Arkansas, Confederate soldier and attorney.

Samuel W. Peel
Samuel W Peel 200px.jpg
4th judicial circuit of Arkansas
In office
U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 4th congressional district
In office
March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885
Preceded byThomas M. Gunter
Succeeded byJohn H. Rogers
U.S. House of Representatives from Arkansas's 5th congressional district
In office
March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1893
Preceded bydistrict created
Succeeded byHugh A. Dinsmore
Personal details
BornSeptember 13, 1831
Batesville, Arkansas
DiedDecember 18, 1924 (aged 93)
Bentonville, Arkansas
Political partyDemocrat
Spouse(s)Mary Emaline Berry (January 30, 1853)


Personal lifeEdit

Early lifeEdit

Samuel W. Peel was born near Batesville, Arkansas to John Wilson Peel Elizabeth West Peel. At age four, his mother died and he went to live with his grandparents.[1] Samuel Peel attended the local public schools. As a teenager he worked as a store clerk at his father's store. He also worked as a deputy court clerk for his father. He married Mary Emaline Berry on January 30, 1853 and had nine children.[1]

He served as clerk of the circuit court of Carroll County, Arkansas from 1858 to 1860.

Confederate ArmyEdit

After Arkansas seceded from the Union, he entered the Confederate service in 1861 as a private.[2] Peel was elected major of the Third Regiment, Arkansas Infantry, and later as a colonel of the Fourth Regiment, Arkansas Infantry. Peel was at the battle of Wilson Creek and Prairie Grove.[1] At the end of the war, he mustered out as a lieutenant colonel.

Law PracticeEdit

After leaving the army, he returned home to Carrollton and found his house burned down. He studied law under his brother-in-law Judge James Middleton Pittman. In 1865, he was admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of his profession in Carrollton, Arkansas.[1][2] He moved to Bentonville, Benton County, in 1867 and continued practicing of law.

Political careerEdit

He was appointed by the governor of Arkansas as the prosecuting attorney of the fourth judicial circuit of Arkansas in 1873. He held that position until 1876.[2]

Peel was elected as a Democrat to the U.S House of Representatives for the Forty-eighth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1893). He served as chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs (Fiftieth and Fifty-second Congresses). Tribal councils frequently met on the front lawn of his mansion.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1892. He resumed his law practice in Bentonville, Arkansas, and before the United States Court of Claims at Washington, D.C., until 1915.


He died in Bentonville, Arkansas on December 18, 1924 at age 93. He was interred in the Bentonville cemetery. The city Peel, Oregon was named for him.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Samuel West Peel (1831–1924) - Encyclopedia of Arkansas". Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  2. ^ a b c "PEEL, Samuel West - Biographical Information". Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  3. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 749. ISBN 978-0875952772.

External linksEdit