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Mississippi's 2nd congressional district

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district (MS-2) is the only majority-black district in the U.S. state, covering much of Western Mississippi. The district includes most of Jackson, the riverfront cities of Greenville and Vicksburg and the interior market cities of Clarksdale, Greenwood and Clinton. The district is approximately 275 miles (443 km) long, 180 miles (290 km) wide and borders the Mississippi River; it encompasses much of the Mississippi Delta, and a total of 15 counties and parts of several others.

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district
Mississippi US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Mississippi's 2nd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Bennie Thompson
DBolton
Area14,519.68 sq mi (37,605.8 km2)
Distribution
  • 62.67% urban
  • 37.33% rural
Population (2006)711,164
Median income$35,842[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+14[2]

The district is home to four of Mississippi's eight public four-year colleges and universities: Alcorn State University in Lorman; Delta State University in Cleveland; Jackson State University in Jackson; and Mississippi Valley State University in Itta Bena, a few miles west of Greenwood. All except Delta State are HBCUs and are members of the Southwestern Athletic Conference.

From statehood to the election of 1846, Mississippi elected representatives at-large statewide on a general ticket. This favored candidates who could command a majority of the voters, then consisting mostly of white men of property.

Following Reconstruction, the Democratic Party regained control of the state legislature and worked to reduce Republican voting strength in the state. It redefined congressional districts, creating a 'shoestring' congressional district running the length of the Mississippi River and taking in the black-majority (then Republican) areas of the Mississippi Delta. By this gerrymandering, they created five other districts with white majorities.[3]

Election campaigns were often accompanied by fraud and violence as Democrats tried to reduce black Republican voting. Finally, the Democratic-dominated legislature passed a new constitution in 1890, with barriers to voter registration and other measures that effectively disenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites for decades, subduing the Republican and Populist movements of the late 19th century.[4]

The legislature has redefined congressional districts over the years to reflect population changes in the state. Districts 5 through 8 were reallocated to the 1st, 3rd and 4th. The 2nd, bounded by the Mississippi River on the west, continues to have a black-majority population. Since the 20th-century realignment of political parties in the South following passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided federal oversight and enforcement to protect voting, African-American residents here have consistently supported Democratic party candidates. On the other hand, most white conservatives have shifted into the Republican Party, which dominates the legislature. The district is one of the poorest in the state,[5] with 26.2% of people in poverty as of 2017.[6]

The district's current Representative is Democrat Bennie Thompson.

Contents

Election resultsEdit

2016Edit

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (inc.) 192,343 67.1
Republican John Bouie II 83,542 29.1
Independent Troy Ray 6,918 2.4
Reform Johnny McLeod 3,823 1.3
Total votes 286,626 100.00
Democratic hold

2014Edit

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (inc.) 100,688 67.7
Independent Troy Ray 36,465 24.5
Reform Shelley Shoemake 11,493 7.7
Total votes 148,646 100.00
Democratic hold

2012Edit

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (inc.) 214,978 67.13
Republican Bill Marcy 99,160 30.96
Independent Cobby Williams 4,605 1.44
Reform Lajena Williams 1,501 0.47
Total votes 320,244 100.00
Democratic hold

2010Edit

Mississippi's 2nd congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bennie Thompson (inc.) 105,327 61.47
Republican Bill Marcy 64,499 37.64
Reform Ashley Norwood 1,530 0.89
Total votes 171,356 100.00
Democratic hold

2008Edit

United States House election, 2008: Mississippi District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie G. Thompson 201,606 69.05 +4.78
Republican Richard Cook 90,364 30.95 -4.78
Turnout 291,970
Majority 111,242 38.10

2006Edit

United States House election, 2006: Mississippi District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie G. Thompson 100,168 64.27 +5.89
Republican Yvonne R. Brown 55,672 35.73 -4.91
Turnout 155,832
Majority 44,496 28.55

2004Edit

United States House election, 2004: Mississippi District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie G. Thompson 154,626 58.38 +3.24
Republican Clinton B. LeSueur 107,647 40.64 -2.11
Reform Shawn O'Hara 2,596 0.98 -1.12
Turnout 264,869
Majority 46,979 17.74

2002Edit

United States House election, 2002: Mississippi District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie G. Thompson 89,913 55.14 -9.93
Republican Clinton B. LeSueur 69,711 42.75 +11.54
Reform Lee F. Dilworth 3,426 2.10 +0.87
Turnout 163,050
Majority 20,202 12.39

2000Edit

United States House election, 2000: Mississippi District 2
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Bennie G. Thompson 112,777 65.07
Republican Hardy Caraway 54,090 31.21
Libertarian William G. Chipman 4,305 2.48
Reform Lee F. Dilworth 2,135 1.23
Turnout 173,307
Majority 58,687 33.86

List of representativesEdit

Name Years of Service Party Notes
District created March 4, 1845
 Stephen Adams March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847 Democratic
 Winfield S. Featherston March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1851 Democratic
 John A. Wilcox March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 Unionist
 William T. S. Barry March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Democratic
 Hendley S. Bennett March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 Democratic
 Reuben Davis March 4, 1857 - January 12, 1861 Democratic Withdrew
Civil War and Reconstruction
 Joseph L. Morphis February 23, 1870 - March 3, 1873 Republican
  Albert R. Howe March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 Republican
 G. Wiley Wells March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 Independent Republican
 Van H. Manning March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1883 Democratic
Vacant March 4, 1883 - June 25, 1884
 James R. Chalmers June 25, 1884 - March 3, 1885 Independent Seated after contested election with Van H. Manning
 James B. Morgan March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1891 Democratic
 John C. Kyle March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1897 Democratic
 William V. Sullivan March 4, 1897 - May 31, 1898 Democratic Appointed U.S. Senator
Vacant May 31, 1898 - July 5, 1898
 Thomas Spight July 5, 1898 - March 3, 1911 Democratic
 Hubert D. Stephens March 4, 1911 - March 3, 1921 Democratic
 Bill G. Lowrey March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1929 Democratic
 Wall Doxey March 4, 1929 - September 28, 1941 Democratic Elected to U.S. Senate
Vacant September 28, 1941 - November 4, 1941
 Jamie Whitten November 4, 1941 - January 3, 1973 Democratic Redistricted to the 1st district
 David R. Bowen January 3, 1973 - January 3, 1983 Democratic
 Webb Franklin January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1987 Republican
 Mike Espy January 3, 1987 - January 22, 1993 Democratic Resigned after being confirmed as United States Secretary of Agriculture
Vacant January 22, 1993 - April 13, 1993
 Bennie Thompson April 13, 1993–Present Democratic Incumbent

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=28&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Eric Foner, Reconstruction, 1863-1877, New York: Perennial Classics, p. 590.
  4. ^ Michael Perman, Struggle for Mastery: Disfranchisement in the South, 1888-1908 (2000), ch 4.
  5. ^ "Rich, poor, young, old: Congressional districts at a glance | Bloomberg Government". Bloomberg Government. 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2018-11-21.
  6. ^ "datatables". www.frac.org. Retrieved 2018-11-21.

Coordinates: 33°10′35″N 90°21′03″W / 33.17639°N 90.35083°W / 33.17639; -90.35083