West Virginia's 2nd congressional district

West Virginia's 2nd congressional district currently stretches from the Ohio River border with Ohio to the Potomac River border with Maryland and the border with Virginia. It includes the capital city of Charleston and the rapidly growing residential communities of West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle and Potomac Highlands regions connected by a narrow strip of nearly unpopulated counties. It is 20 miles (32 km) wide and 300 miles (480 km) long.

West Virginia's 2nd congressional district
for the U.S. House of Representatives

West Virginia US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
West Virginia's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Alex Mooney
RCharles Town
Population (2019)623,039
Median household
income
$52,166[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+17[2]
West Virginia's 2nd congressional district (from 2023)

As a result of the state losing a seat as a result of the 2020 United States census the state legislature redrew the map, totally changing the district's boundaries for the 2022 congressional election and the following 10 years.

The district is currently represented by Alex Mooney, a Republican.

West Virginia had four congressional seats from 1973 to 1993. Previously, much of the western portion of the current 2nd District had been in the 3rd District, based in Charleston. The eastern portion of the district had been in the 2nd District, which had been anchored in Martinsburg and Morgantown for all but a few years since statehood. For all but two years from 1949 to 1993, it was held by the Democratic Staggers family--Harley O. Staggers from 1949 to 1981 and Harley "Buckey" Staggers Jr. from 1983 to 1993. When West Virginia lost a seat following the 1990 census, the state legislature divided Staggers's district among the remaining three districts. Much of Staggers's old territory was merged with the 3rd District, represented by five-term Democrat Bob Wise and renumbered the 2nd. However, Staggers's home in Mineral County wound up in the 1st District, where he was routed in the Democratic primary by Alan Mollohan. Wise represented the new district until 2000, when he ran for and won West Virginia's governorship. Following the 2010 census, Mason County was transferred to the 3rd District, which changed the character of the district only slightly. This change took effect for the 2012 election.[3]

The district is very expensive to campaign in, because six counties on the district's eastern fringe are in the very expensive Washington, D.C. television market. The two main parts, Charleston and the Eastern Panhandle, have very little in common and very little interaction.

The district is slightly more conservative and prosperous than the rest of West Virginia, though like the state's other districts, it tends to give congressmen long tenures in Washington. The 2000 election that resulted in Capito's victory marked the first open-seat race in the district since 1945. The old 2nd District had only five congressmen from 1933 until its elimination in 1993.

George W. Bush carried the district twice in 2000 with 54% of the vote and in 2004 with 57% of the vote. John McCain also won the district in 2008 with 54.63% of the vote while Barack Obama received 43.77%.

HistoryEdit

The Second District as originally formed in 1863 included Taylor, Marion, Monongalia, Preston, Tucker, Barbour, Upshur, Webster, Pocahontas, Randolph, Pendleton, Hardy, Hampshire, Berkeley, and Morgan counties (Jefferson county's status in the state was still in dispute, and Grant and Mineral counties were still part of other counties, but the modern territory of all was also included). It was essentially the successor of Virginia's 10th congressional district. The district was unchanged for 1882.

In 1902, the district was changed to Monongalia, Preston, Tucker, Taylor, Barbour, Tucker, Randolph, Pendleton, Grant, Hardy, Mineral, Hampshire, Morgan, Berkeley, and Jefferson counties. The district was unchanged for 1916. Taylor was removed for 1934. The district was again unchanged for 1954. In 1962 Upshur, Webster, Pocahontas, and Greenbrier counties were added. In 1972, Lewis, Monroe, Summers, and Fayette were added. In 1982, Barbour was added.

1992 first saw the district as currently constituted, consisting of Berkeley, Braxton, Calhoun, Clay, Glimer, Hampshire, Hardy, Jackson, Jefferson, Kanawha, Lewis, Mason, Morgan, Nicholas, Pendleton, Putnam, Randolph, Roane, Upshur, and Wirt counties. In 2002, Gilmer and Nicholas were removed and for the election cycle beginning in 2012, Mason was removed.[4]

Recent presidential electionsEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Bush 54 - 44%
2004 President Bush 57 - 42%
2008 President McCain 55 - 44%
2012 President Romney 60 - 38%
2016 President Trump 66 - 29%
2020 President Trump 65 - 33%

FutureEdit

Responding to the census results, the state Legislature adopted a new map for the 2022 elections and the following 10 years. It abandoned the practice used since the formation of the state of starting the numbering in the north, and rather divided the state in a northern and southern district, with the 1st being the more southerly one. The new Second District will contain the counties of Barbour, Berkeley, Brooke, Doddridge, Grant, Hampshire, Hancock, Hardy, Harrison, Jefferson, Lewis, Marion, Marshall, Mineral, Monongalia, Morgan, Ohio, Pleasants, Preston, Randolph, Ritchie, Taylor, Tucker, Tyler, Upshur, Wetzel, and Wood.[5]

This means that current 3rd District congresswoman Carol Miller will be the de facto incumbent in the new 1st District, while both the current 1st District congressman David McKinley and the current 2nd District congressman Alex Mooney will reside in the new 2nd District. All three have announced they will run for re-election, setting up a Republican primary race between Mooney and McKinley.[6]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Dates Cong
ress
Electoral history
District created December 7, 1863
 
William G. Brown Sr.
Unconditional Unionist December 7, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
38th Elected in 1863.
Retired.
 
George R. Latham
Unconditional Unionist March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1867
39th Elected in 1864.
Retired.
 
Bethuel Kitchen
Republican March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected in 1866.
Retired.
 
James McGrew
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1873
41st
42nd
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Retired.
 
John Hagans
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
Lost re-election as an Independent.
 
Charles J. Faulkner
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
 
Benjamin F. Martin
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Lost renomination.
 
John B. Hoge
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
Retired.
 
William Lyne Wilson
Democratic March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1895
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Retired.
 
Alston G. Dayton
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 16, 1905
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Resigned when appointed as a judge of US District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia
Vacant March 16, 1905 –
June 6, 1905
59th
 
Thomas Beall Davis
Democratic June 6, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
Elected to finish Dayton's term.
Retired.
 
George Cookman Sturgiss
Republican March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1911
60th
61st
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Lost re-election.
 
William Gay Brown Jr.
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 9, 1916
62nd
63rd
64th
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Died.
Vacant March 9, 1916 –
May 9, 1916
64th
 
George Meade Bowers
Republican May 9, 1916 –
March 3, 1923
64th
65th
66th
67th
Elected to finish Brown's term.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Lost re-election.
 
Robert E. Lee Allen
Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1925
68th Elected in 1922.
Lost re-election.
 
Frank Llewellyn Bowman
Republican March 4, 1925 –
March 3, 1933
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election.
 
Jennings Randolph
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1947
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
Melvin C. Snyder Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
 
Harley Orrin Staggers
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1981
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Retired.
 
Cleve Benedict
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1983
97th Elected in 1980.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
 
Harley O. Staggers Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 1st district and lost renomination.
 
Bob Wise
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2001
103rd
104th
105th
106th
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Retired to run for Governor of West Virginia.
 
Shelley Moore Capito
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2015
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
 
Alex Mooney
Republican January 3, 2015 –
present
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.

Recent election resultsEdit

2000sEdit

2000 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito 108,769 48.49
Democratic Jim Humphreys 103,003 45.92
Libertarian John Brown 12,543 5.59
Total votes 224,315 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic
2002 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 98,276 60.04
Democratic Jim Humphreys 65,400 39.96
Total votes 163,676 100.00
Republican hold
2004 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 147,676 57.46
Democratic Erik Wells 106,131 41.29
Mountain Julian Martin 3,218 1.25
Total votes 257,025 100.00
Republican hold
2006 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 94,110 57.18
Democratic Mike Callaghan 70,470 42.82
Total votes 164,580 100.00
Republican hold
2008 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 147,334 57.07
Democratic Anne Barth 110,819 42.92
Write-ins 16 0.01
Total votes 258,169 100.00
Republican hold

2010sEdit

2010 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 126,814 68.46
Democratic Virginia Lynch Graf 55,001 29.69
Constitution Phil Hudok 3,431 1.85
Total votes 185,246 100.00
Republican hold
2012 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Shelley Moore Capito (incumbent) 158,206 69.8
Democratic Howard Swint 68,560 30.2
Total votes 226,766 100.0
Republican hold
2014 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alex X. Mooney 72,619 47.1
Democratic Nick Casey 67,687 43.9
Libertarian Davy Jones 7,682 5.0
Independent Ed Rabel 6,250 4.0
Total votes 154,238 100.0
Republican hold
2016 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alex Mooney (incumbent) 140,807 58.2
Democratic Mark Hunt 101,207 41.8
Total votes 242,014 100.0
Republican hold
2018 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alex Mooney (incumbent) 110,504 53.9
Democratic Talley Sergent 88,011 43.0
Mountain Daniel Lutz 6,277 3.1
Total votes 204,792 100.0
Republican hold

2020sEdit

2020 United States House of Representatives elections in West Virginia
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Alex Mooney (incumbent) 172,195 63.1
Democratic Cathy Kunkel 100,799 36.9
Total votes 272,994 100.0
Republican hold

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Specific
  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=54&cd=02
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ http://www.legis.state.wv.us/legisdocs/2011/1x/maps/senate/Enr%20SB1008%20Map.pdf
  4. ^ West Virginia Blue Book (pp 535, 2012 edition)
  5. ^ http://www.wvlegislature.gov/Bill_Status/Bills_history.cfm?input=3033&year=2021&sessiontype=3X&btype=bill
  6. ^ https://wvmetronews.com/2021/10/14/west-virginia-lawmakers-settle-on-a-north-south-congressional-map-opening-up-mckinley-vs-mooney/
General

Coordinates: 38°50′20″N 80°10′26″W / 38.83889°N 80.17389°W / 38.83889; -80.17389