1886 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in 1886 for Representatives to the 50th Congress, taking place in the middle of President Grover Cleveland's first term.

1886 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1884 June 7, 1886 – November 2, 1886[a] 1888 →

All 325 seats in the United States House of Representatives
163 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  John Griffin Carlisle, Brady-Handy photo portrait, ca1870-1880.jpg Thomas Brackett Reed - Brady-Handy.jpg
Leader John G. Carlisle Thomas Brackett Reed
Party Democratic Republican
Leader's seat Kentucky 6th Maine 1st
Last election 182 seats 141 seats
Seats won 167[1] 152[1]
Seat change Decrease 15 Increase 11
Popular vote 4,126,909 3,858,355
Percentage 48.12% 44.99%
Swing Decrease 1.93% Decrease 2.14%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Labor Greenback
Last election 0 seats 1 seat
Seats won 2[1] 1[1]
Seat change Increase 2 Steady
Popular vote 92,851 32,358
Percentage 1.08% 0.38%
Swing New Decrease 0.69%

  Fifth party
 
Party Independent
Last election 1 seat[b]
Seats won 3[c]
Seat change Increase 2
Popular vote 178,314
Percentage 2.08%
Swing Increase 1.28%

House050ElectionMap.png
Map of U.S. House elections results from 1886 elections for 50th Congress

Speaker before election

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

Elected Speaker

John G. Carlisle
Democratic

As in many midterm elections, the President's party lost seats to the opposition, in this case, Democrats lost seats to Republicans, although a narrow majority was retained. Many of these Republican pickups were in the industrializing Midwest states, where the debate over tariffs, which were advocated by Republicans to protect domestic industry but opposed by Democrats to allow for free agricultural trade, led to political change. The small Labor Party, supported by industrial workers, gained one seat each in Virginia and Wisconsin, while the Greenback Party maintained its one seat in Iowa (James B. Weaver). One Independent was also elected in North Carolina.

Election summariesEdit

State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Others
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama District 8 8   0   0  
Arkansas District 5 5   0   0  
California District 6 2   1 4   1 0  
Colorado At-large 1 0   1   0  
Connecticut District 4 2   2   0  
Delaware At-large 1 1   0   0  
Florida District 2 2   0   0  
Georgia District 10 10   0   0  
Illinois District 20 6   4 14   4 0  
Indiana District 13 6   3 7   3 0  
Iowa District 11 1   2 9[d]   2 1[e]  
Kansas District 7 0   7[d]   0  
Kentucky District 11 8   2 3   2 0  
Louisiana District 6 6   1 0   1 0  
Maine District 4 0   4   0  
Maryland District 6 5   1   0  
Massachusetts District 12 4   2 8   2 0  
Michigan District 11 5   2 6   2 0  
Minnesota District 5 3   3 2   3 0  
Mississippi District 7 7   0   0  
Missouri District 14 12   2   0  
Nebraska District 3 1   1 2   1 0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   1   0  
New Hampshire District 2 1   1 1   1 0  
New Jersey District 7 2   1 5   1 0  
New York District 34 16   1 18   1 0  
North Carolina District 9 7   1 1   1   1
Ohio District 21 6   5 15   5 0  
Oregon At-large 1 0   1   0  
Pennsylvania District
+ at-large
28 8   20   0  
Rhode Island District 2 0   2   0  
South Carolina District 7 7   1 0   1 0  
Tennessee District 10 8   1 2   1 0  
Texas District 11 11   0   0  
Vermont District 2 0   2   0  
Virginia District 10 3   5 6   5 1[f]   1
West Virginia District 4 3   1   0  
Wisconsin District 9 1   1 7   1[f]   1
Total 325 167[1]
51.4%
  16 154[1][c]
47.4%
 13 4[1]
1.2%
  3
Popular vote
Democratic
48.12%
Greenback
0.38%
Independent
2.06%
Labor
1.08%
Republican
44.99%
Others
3.37%
House seats
Democratic
51.38%
Greenback
0.31%
Independent
0.92%
Labor
0.62%
Republican
46.77%

There were 2 Labor and 1 Independent members elected, and 1 Greenback member re-elected. The previous election saw just the Greenback elected.

167 6 152
Democratic [g] Republican
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Labor gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  1-2 Independent gain
  no net change

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected November 2, 1886.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to the next term, see below.
Wisconsin 5

Election datesEdit

In all the states except three, elections were held November 2, 1886. Those three states, with 7 seats among them, held elections:

AlabamaEdit

ArkansasEdit

Arizona TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
California 1 Barclay Henley Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold
  •  Y Thomas Larkin Thompson (Democratic) 50.2%
  • Charles A. Garter (Republican) 47.2%
  • L. W. Simmons (Prohibition) 2.6%
California 2 James A. Louttit Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y Marion Biggs (Democratic) 50%
  • J. C. Campbell (Republican) 47%
  • W. O. Clark (Prohibition) 3%
California 3 Joseph McKenna Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph McKenna (Republican) 53.1%
  • Henry C. McPike (Democratic) 44.6%
  • W. W. Smith (Prohibition) 2.4%
California 4 William W. Morrow Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William W. Morrow (Republican) 48.7%
  • Frank McCoppin (Democratic) 42%
  • Charles A. Sumner (Independent) 9%
  • Robert Thompson (Prohibition) 0.4%
California 5 Charles N. Felton Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles N. Felton (Republican) 48.8%
  • Frank J. Sullivan (Democratic) 48.4%
  • C. Henderson (Prohibition) 1.4%
  • A. E. Redstone (Independent) 1.4%
California 6 Henry Markham Republican 1884 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold
  •  Y William Vandever (Republican) 47.3%
  • Joseph D. Lynch (Democratic) 47.1%
  • W. A. Harris (Prohibition) 5.6%

ColoradoEdit

ConnecticutEdit

Dakota TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

DelawareEdit

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Florida 1 Robert H. M. Davidson Democratic 1876 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Charles Dougherty Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles Dougherty (Democratic) 53.9%
  • J. C. Greeley (Republican) 44.9%
  • R. B. Norment (Prohibition) 1.2%

GeorgiaEdit

Idaho TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

IllinoisEdit

IndianaEdit

IowaEdit

KansasEdit

KentuckyEdit

LouisianaEdit

MaineEdit

MarylandEdit

MassachusettsEdit

MichiganEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Michigan 1 John Logan Chipman Democratic 1886 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y John Logan Chipman (Democratic) 51.01%
  • Henry A. Robinson (Republican) 46.41%
  • Charles A. Frisbee (Prohibition) 2.57%[3]
Michigan 2 Edward P. Allen Republican 1886 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
  •  Y Edward P. Allen (Republican) 47.95%
  • Lester H. Salsbury (Democratic/Fusion) 44.95%
  • Alfred O. Crozier (Prohibition) 7.11%[4][5]
Michigan 3 James O'Donnell Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James O'Donnell (Republican) 51.43%
  • Patrick Hankerd (Democratic/Fusion) 39.43%
  • Hiram D. Allen (Prohibition) 9.14%[6][5]
Michigan 4 Julius C. Burrows Republican 1872 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius C. Burrows (Republican) 50.71%
  • Harvey C. Sherwood (Democratic/Fusion) 43.73%
  • Jesse S. Boyden (Prohibition) 5.55%[7][5]
Michigan 5 Melbourne H. Ford Democratic 1886 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Melbourne H. Ford (Democratic) 46.68%
  • George W. McBride (Republican) 45.56%
  • Edward L. Briggs (Prohibition) 7.76%[8]
Michigan 6 Mark S. Brewer Republican 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Michigan 7 Justin R. Whiting Democratic
Greenback
1886 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Justin R. Whiting (Democratic/Fusion) 48.63%
  • John P. Sanborn (Republican) 45.75%
  • William F. Clark (Prohibition) 5.62%[10][5]
Michigan 8 Timothy E. Tarsney Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Timothy E. Tarsney (Democratic) 48.36%
  • Roswell G. Horr (Republican) 46.54%
  • George W. Abbey (Prohibition) 5.10%[11]
Michigan 9 Byron M. Cutcheon Republican 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Byron M. Cutcheon (Republican) 50.94%
  • Lyman G. Mason (Democratic/Fusion) 41.99%
  • Lathrop S. Ellis (Prohibition) 7.08%[12][5]
Michigan 10 Spencer O. Fisher Democratic
Fusion
1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Spencer O. Fisher (Democratic/Fusion) 51.37%
  • Henry M. Loud (Republican) 44.04%
  • David A. Ross (Prohibition) 4.60%[13][5]
Michigan 11 Seth C. Moffatt Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Seth C. Moffatt (Republican) 53.61%
  • John Powers (Democratic) 45.31%
  • Theron E. Carpenter (Prohibition) 1.08%[14][5]

MinnesotaEdit

MississippiEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Mississippi 1 John M. Allen Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 2 James B. Morgan Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 3 Thomas C. Catchings Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 4 Frederick G. Barry Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Mississippi 5 Otho R. Singleton Democratic 1874 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 6 Henry S. Van Eaton Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Mississippi 7 Ethelbert Barksdale Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.

MissouriEdit

Montana TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

NebraskaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Nebraska 1 Archibald J. Weaver Republican 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y John A. McShane (Democratic) 54.87%
  • Church Howe (Republican) 38.40%
  • George Bigelow (Prohibition) 6.72%[22]
Nebraska 2 James Laird Republican 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
Nebraska 3 George W. E. Dorsey Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George W. E. Dorsey (Republican) 55.06%
  • W. H. Webster (Democratic) 40.16%
  • W. J. Olinger (Prohibition) 4.57%
  • Scattering 0.22%[24]

NevadaEdit

New HampshireEdit

New JerseyEdit

New Mexico TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

New YorkEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
New York 15 Lewis Beach Democratic 1880 Incumbent died August 10, 1886.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Successor also elected the same day to finish the current term.

North CarolinaEdit

OhioEdit

OregonEdit

PennsylvaniaEdit

Rhode IslandEdit

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
South Carolina 1 Samuel Dibble Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 2 George D. Tillman Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 3 D. Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1876 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
South Carolina 4 William H. Perry Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 John J. Hemphill Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 George W. Dargan Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Robert Smalls Republican 1884 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

TennesseeEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Tennessee 1 Augustus H. Pettibone Republican 1880 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Tennessee 2 Leonidas C. Houk Republican 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Leonidas C. Houk (Republican) 67.00%
  • Samuel G. Heiskell (Democratic) 32.92%
  • Will A. McTeer (Unknown) 0.08%[28]
Tennessee 3 John R. Neal Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 4 Benton McMillin Democratic 1878 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 5 James D. Richardson Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 6 Andrew J. Caldwell Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 7 John G. Ballentine Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 8 John M. Taylor Democratic 1882 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Tennessee 9 Presley T. Glass Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
Tennessee 10 Zachary Taylor Republican 1884 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

TexasEdit

Utah TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

VermontEdit

VirginiaEdit

Washington TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

West VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
West Virginia 1 Nathan Goff Jr. Republican 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Nathan Goff Jr. (Republican) 51.55%
  • John Brannon (Democratic) 47.87%
  • L. E. Peters (Prohibition) 0.59%[37]
West Virginia 2 William L. Wilson Democratic 1882 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y William L. Wilson (Democratic) 49.87%
  • W. H. Flick (Republican) 49.61%
  • John T. Siler (Prohibition) 0.53%[38]
West Virginia 3 Charles P. Snyder Democratic 1883 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Charles P. Snyder (Democratic) 50.57%
  • James H. Brown (Republican) 47.54%
  • J. W. Claypool (Prohibition) 1.89%[39]
West Virginia 4 Eustace Gibson Democratic 1882 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
  •  Y Charles E. Hogg (Democratic) 50.29%
  • John H. Hutchinson (Republican) 48.00%
  • William H. Smith (Prohibition) 1.71%[40]

WisconsinEdit

Wyoming TerritoryEdit

See Non-voting delegates, below.

Non-voting membersEdit

District Incumbent This race
Delegate Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large
Dakota Territory at-large
Idaho Territory at-large John Hailey Democratic 1884 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican gain.
Montana Territory at-large Joseph K. Toole Democratic 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
New Mexico Territory at-large
Utah Territory at-large
Washington Territory at-large
Wyoming Territory at-large Joseph M. Carey Republican 1884 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph M. Carey (Republican) 88.12%
  • H. G. Balch (Democratic) 5.59%
  • T. G. Magee (Democratic) 3.63%
  • J. M. Lobban (Democratic) 0.74%
  • L. Kabis (Democratic) 0.49%
  • Others (Independent) 1.43%[43]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Regular elections only, not specials
  2. ^ Including 1 Independent Democrat.
  3. ^ a b Including 2 Independent Republicans.
  4. ^ a b Includes 1 Independent Republican.
  5. ^ Greenback Party
  6. ^ a b Labor Party
  7. ^ There were 2 Labor members, 2 Independent Republicans, 1 Independent, and 1 Greenback members elected.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Martis 1989, p. 140–141.
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 15 - Special Election Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  3. ^ "MI - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  4. ^ "MI - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Michigan Secretary of State (1886). Michigan manual. 1887-88. pp. 581–586 – via HathiTrust.
  6. ^ "MI - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  7. ^ "MI - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  8. ^ "MI - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  9. ^ "MI - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  10. ^ "MI - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  11. ^ "MI - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  12. ^ "MI - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  13. ^ "MI - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  14. ^ "MI - District 11". Our Campaigns. Retrieved October 22, 2021.
  15. ^ "MS - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  16. ^ "MS - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  17. ^ "MS - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  18. ^ "MS - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  19. ^ "MS - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  20. ^ "MS - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  21. ^ "MS - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  22. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 01 Race - Nov 2, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  23. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 02 Race - Nov 2, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  24. ^ "Our Campaigns - NE - District 03 Race - Nov 2, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved September 24, 2021.
  25. ^ Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections. 1975. p. 566.
  26. ^ "Our Campaigns - NY District 15 Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  27. ^ "TN - District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  28. ^ "TN - District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  29. ^ "TN - District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  30. ^ "TN - District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  31. ^ "TN - District 05". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  32. ^ "TN - District 06". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  33. ^ "TN - District 07". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  34. ^ "TN - District 08". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  35. ^ "TN - District 09". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  36. ^ "TN - District 10". Our Campaigns. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  37. ^ "WV District 01". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  38. ^ "WV District 02". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  39. ^ "WV District 03". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  40. ^ "WV District 04". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 18, 2021.
  41. ^ "ID Territorial Delegate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  42. ^ "Our Campaigns - MT Territorial Delegate Race - Nov 02, 1886". www.ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  43. ^ "WY Territorial Delegate". Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 11, 2021.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit