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Charles Henry Grosvenor (September 20, 1833 – October 30, 1917) was a multiple-term U.S. Representative from Ohio, as well as a brigade commander in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

Charles Henry Grosvenor
Charles H. Grosvenor 1897.jpg
Grosvenor in 1897
Chairman of the House Republican Conference
In office
March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1899
SpeakerThomas Brackett Reed
Preceded byThomas J. Henderson
Succeeded byJoseph G. Cannon
Member of the
U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio
In office
March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1907
Preceded byJohn M. Pattison
Succeeded byAlbert Douglas
Constituency11th district
In office
March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891
Preceded byGeorge W. Geddes (14th)
Beriah Wilkins (15th)
Succeeded byCharles P. Wickham (14th)
Michael D. Harter (15th)
Constituency14th district (1885–1887)
15th district (1887–1891)
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the Athens district
In office
January 5, 1874 – January 6, 1878
Preceded byNelson H. Van Vorhes
Succeeded byCharles Townsend
Personal details
Born(1833-09-20)September 20, 1833
Pomfret, Connecticut
DiedOctober 30, 1917(1917-10-30) (aged 84)
Athens, Ohio
Resting placeWest Union Street Cemetery, Athens, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Samantha Stewart
Louise A. Currier
Childrenthree
Signature
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Union Army
RankUnion Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg brevet brigadier general
Unit18th Ohio Infantry
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Contents

BiographyEdit

Grosvernor was born in Pomfret, Connecticut. He was the uncle of Charles Grosvenor Bond. In 1838, Grosvenor moved with his parents to southeastern Ohio, where he attended school in Athens County. He later taught school before studying law. He was admitted to the bar in 1857 and practiced in Athens.

During the Civil War, Grosvenor served in the 18th Ohio Infantry and was promoted through the ranks to colonel. He led his regiment at the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863, and was a brigade commander in the division of Charles Cruft at the Battle of Nashville in December 1864. At the close of the war, Grosvenor was brevetted as a colonel in the Regular Army. He was mustered out of the volunteers on October 9, 1865.[1] On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Grosvenor for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[2]

Following the war, Grosvenor held diverse township and village offices. He served as a member of the State house of representatives from 1874–1878 and served as Speaker of the House for two years. He served as member of the board of trustees of the Ohio Soldiers' and Sailors' Orphans' Home in Xenia from April 1880 until 1888, and president of the board for five years.

Presidential elector for Grant/Wilson in 1872.[3]Presidential elector for Garfield/Arthur in 1880.[4]

He served as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1896 and 1900. Grosvenor was elected as a Republican to the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth, and Fifty-first Congresses (March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1890.

Grosvenor was elected to the Fifty-third and to the six succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1907). He served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Treasury (Fifty-fourth Congress), Committee on Mines and Mining (Fifty-fifth Congress), Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries (Fifty-sixth through Fifty-ninth Congresses). He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1906.

He resumed the practice of law in Athens. The combat veteran was appointed as chairman of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Park Commission and served from 1910 until his death in Athens on October 30, 1917. He was interred in Union Street Cemetery.

Grosvenor married Samantha Stewart of Athens County, December 1, 1858. She died in 1866, leaving a daughter. He married Louise A. Currier, also of Athens County, May 21, 1867. She had two daughters.[5]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
  2. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 747.
  3. ^ Smith 1898 : 307
  4. ^ Smith 1898 : 431-432
  5. ^ Randall, Emilius; Ryan, Daniel Joseph (1915). History of Ohio: the Rise and Progress of an American State. 6. New York: The Century History Company. p. 357.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
George W. Geddes
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 14th congressional district

March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1887
Succeeded by
Charles P. Wickham
Preceded by
Beriah Wilkins
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 15th congressional district

March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1891
Succeeded by
Michael D. Harter
Preceded by
John M. Pattison
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th congressional district

March 4, 1893 – March 3, 1907
Succeeded by
Albert Douglas