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Athens County is a county in southeastern Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,757.[2] Its county seat is Athens.[3] The county was formed in 1805 from Washington County. Because the original state university (Ohio University) was founded there in 1804, the town and the county were named for the ancient center of learning, Athens, Greece.[4]

Athens County, Ohio
County Courthouse Athens OH USA.JPG
The Athens County court house in Athens
Seal of Athens County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Athens County
Location in the U.S. state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1805[1]
Named for Athens, Greece
Seat Athens
Largest city Athens
Area
 • Total 508 sq mi (1,316 km2)
 • Land 504 sq mi (1,305 km2)
 • Water 4.8 sq mi (12 km2), 1.0%
Population
 • (2010) 64,757
 • Density 129/sq mi (50/km2)
Congressional districts 6th, 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.co.athensoh.org
Court Street, main street in uptown Athens

Athens county comprises the Athens, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The county has a total area of 508 square miles (1,320 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 4.8 square miles (12 km2) (1.0%) is water.[5]

Athens County is located in the Unglaciated Allegheny Plateau region of Ohio. It features steep, rugged hills, with typical relief of 150 to 400 feet, deeply dissected by stream valleys, many of them remnant from the ancient Teays River drainage system. Most of Athens County is within the Hocking River watershed, with smaller areas in the Shade River and Raccoon Creek watersheds. The Hocking River joins the Ohio River at the unincorporated village of Hockingport in Athens County.

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18102,791
18206,338127.1%
18309,78754.4%
184019,10995.2%
185018,215−4.7%
186021,36417.3%
187023,76811.3%
188028,41119.5%
189035,19423.9%
190038,73010.0%
191047,79823.4%
192050,4305.5%
193044,175−12.4%
194046,1664.5%
195045,839−0.7%
196046,9982.5%
197054,88916.8%
198056,3992.8%
199059,5495.6%
200062,2234.5%
201064,7574.1%
Est. 201766,597[6]2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2017[2]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 62,223 people, 22,501 households, and 12,713 families residing in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 24,901 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.48% White, 2.39% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 1.90% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.36% from other races, and 1.56% from two or more races. 1.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.4% were of German, 13.9% American, 12.9% Irish, 11.1% English, and 5.6% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 22,501 households out of which 26.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.50% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.50% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 18.30% under the age of 18, 30.70% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 18.00% from 45 to 64, and 9.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 95.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,322, and the median income for a family was $39,785. Males had a median income of $30,776 versus $23,905 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,171. About 14.00% of families and 27.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.20% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,757 people, 23,578 households, and 12,453 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 128.6 inhabitants per square mile (49.7/km2). There were 26,385 housing units at an average density of 52.4 per square mile (20.2/km2).[13] The racial makeup of the county was 91.8% white, 2.7% black or African American, 2.7% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.4% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 22.1% were German, 15.2% were American, 14.0% were Irish, 10.4% were English, and 5.5% were Italian.[14]

Of the 23,578 households, 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.3% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 47.2% were non-families, and 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 26.3 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $31,559 and the median income for a family was $48,170. Males had a median income of $38,135 versus $31,263 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,642. About 16.6% of families and 30.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.[15]

PoliticsEdit

Like most counties dominated by state universities, Athens County is a Democratic stronghold.[16] In the 2014 gubernatorial election, it was one of only two counties to vote for Democrat Ed FitzGerald over Republican John Kasich (along with Monroe County).

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 38.2% 11,354 55.1% 16,370 6.7% 1,985
2012 30.8% 8,543 66.0% 18,307 3.2% 878
2008 31.2% 9,742 66.3% 20,722 2.5% 795
2004 36.1% 10,847 63.2% 18,998 0.7% 200
2000 38.1% 9,703 51.7% 13,158 10.2% 2,586
1996 29.9% 7,154 56.0% 13,418 14.1% 3,382
1992 27.9% 7,184 52.0% 13,423 20.1% 5,186
1988 45.9% 9,314 53.2% 10,795 0.9% 172
1984 52.6% 11,548 46.5% 10,201 1.0% 209
1980 41.3% 8,170 48.1% 9,514 10.7% 2,117
1976 44.1% 8,387 52.0% 9,896 3.9% 733
1972 48.9% 9,735 50.1% 9,977 1.0% 203
1968 47.8% 7,837 44.8% 7,351 7.4% 1,212
1964 36.9% 6,211 63.1% 10,633
1960 58.8% 10,747 41.2% 7,542
1956 64.4% 10,794 35.6% 5,959
1952 60.4% 10,829 39.6% 7,108
1948 54.4% 8,902 45.2% 7,398 0.3% 54
1944 58.1% 10,326 41.9% 7,438
1940 49.5% 11,213 50.5% 11,449
1936 41.5% 9,509 57.6% 13,205 0.9% 208
1932 51.2% 9,897 46.1% 8,915 2.8% 531
1928 70.0% 11,101 28.7% 4,546 1.3% 208
1924 58.2% 8,695 17.9% 2,669 24.0% 3,579
1920 61.5% 11,016 36.4% 6,523 2.0% 361
1916 55.2% 5,554 40.7% 4,101 4.1% 411
1912 32.6% 3,090 25.2% 2,393 42.2% 4,000[18]
1908 61.6% 6,449 34.9% 3,654 3.6% 372
1904 75.8% 6,352 19.0% 1,594 5.1% 430
1900 68.9% 6,126 28.4% 2,529 2.7% 236
1896 61.0% 5,429 37.0% 3,293 2.0% 175
1892 58.7% 4,458 34.2% 2,599 7.1% 540
1888 69.6% 4,570 24.5% 1,612 5.9% 386
1884 59.2% 3,828 34.8% 2,252 6.0% 385
1880 60.4% 3,645 37.0% 2,234 2.6% 154
1876 60.2% 3,413 38.7% 2,195 1.1% 62
1872 67.6% 3,025 31.3% 1,398 1.1% 49

EconomyEdit

The largest employer in Athens County is Ohio University. Other significant employers include Appalachian Behavioral Healthcare, Hocking College, Diagnostic Hybrids, O'Bleness Memorial Hospital, Rocky Brands, Stewart-MacDonald, Wayne National Forest, and a growing number of retail stores and restaurants. Local government, local school districts, and nonprofit organizations employ many county residents.

Historically, the first large-scale industry was salt production. Coal mining and timber harvesting played major roles in Athens County's economy, as did the treatment and care of the mentally ill.

The coal industry has declined dramatically from its peak years. Only Buckingham Coal is still mining in the county, in Trimble Township north of Glouster. Gravel and limestone are mined at several quarries in the county. Active oil and natural gas wells are found in low numbers throughout Athens County.

Forestry still contributes to the Athens County economy, both in the private sector and in the public sector. The headquarters for Wayne National Forest is located between Athens and Nelsonville.

Farming and market gardening continue to thrive in the area. The largest farms specialize in beef and dairy production. The Athens Farmers Market, an outdoor market, continues to grow in popularity. Local and organically grown produce is found in abundance during the summer months.

Also, tourism is a large and growing component of the county's economy. The county is a regional music center and home to many arts and crafts businesses. Many visitors to the county are drawn to its natural resources and abundant wildlife. Hunting and fishing are popular activities in season. The county has over 19 miles of paved bike path in and between Athens and Nelsonville. Hiking and mountain biking are popular throughout the county, especially in the state parks and national forest.

Higher education remains the cornerstone of the county's economy. Over one-quarter of the county's residents either attend or work at Hocking College or Ohio University.

EducationEdit

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Athens County is home to Hocking College in Nelsonville and Ohio University in the city of Athens.

K-12 schoolsEdit

The residents of Athens County are served by the five school districts: the Alexander Local School District, Athens City School District, the Federal Hocking Local School District, Nelsonville-York City School District, and the Trimble Local School District.

LibrariesEdit

They are also served by the Athens County Public Libraries with branches in Albany, Athens, Chauncey, Coolville, Glouster, Nelsonville, and The Plains.

MediaEdit

News publications
Noncommercial Television
  • WOUB-TV, 20 and 27-HD (PBS affiliate, Ohio University, Athens)
Noncommercial Radio
  • WEAK-FM, 106.7, (Low Power FM, Athens)
  • WOUB-FM, 91.3 (NPR affiliate, Ohio University, Athens)
  • WOUB-AM, 1340 (NPR affiliate, Ohio University, Athens)
  • WLCI-FM, 97.5 (Hocking College student radio, Nelsonville)
Commercial Radio

Public landsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 12, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Athens County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved April 28, 2007. [dead link]
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 27, 2015. 
  16. ^ "Clinton States her Case in Appalachia". Toledo Blade. May 3, 2016. Retrieved September 12, 2016. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-01. 
  18. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 2,811 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 1,056 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 106 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 27 votes.

Further readingEdit

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External linksEdit