Maryland's 5th congressional district

Maryland's 5th congressional district comprises all of Charles, St. Mary's, and Calvert counties, as well as portions of Prince George's and Anne Arundel counties. The district is currently represented by Democrat Steny Hoyer, the current House Majority Leader.

Maryland's 5th congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Steny Hoyer
DMechanicsville
Area1,504.25 sq mi (3,896.0 km2)
Distribution
  • 74.19% urban
  • 25.81% rural
Population (2000)662,060
Median household
income
$96,325[1]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVID+16[2]

HistoryEdit

When it was defined in 1788, the 5th Congressional District centered on Salisbury, Maryland. It consisted of the current Maryland counties of Caroline, Dorchester, Wicomico, Somerset, and Worcester.

In 1792 the boundaries of Maryland's congressional districts were redrawn, and the 5th District was made to include Baltimore and Baltimore County.

Recent election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Results
2000 Gore 57% – 41%
2004 Kerry 57% – 42%
2008 Obama 65% – 33%
2012 Obama 66.2% – 32.3%
2016 H. Clinton 63.6% – 32.6%

Recent electionsEdit

Maryland's 5th congressional district election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny Hoyer (inc.) 166,231 65.09
Republican Thomas E. Hutchins 89,109 34.89
N/A Write-ins 125 0.05
Total votes 255,375 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny Hoyer (inc.) 137,903 69.36
Republican Joseph T. Crawford 60,758 30.56
Green Bob S. Auerbach (write-in) 158 0.08
Total votes 198,819 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Steny Hoyer (inc.) 204,867 68.72% -0.64
Republican Brad Jewitt 87,189 29.25% -1.31
Green Bob S. Auerbach 4,224 1.42% +1.34
Constitution Steve Krukar 1,849 0.62% +0.62
Total votes 298,129 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Steny Hoyer (inc.) 168,114 82.68% +13.96
Green Steve Warner 33,464 16.46% +15.04
Constitution Peter Kuhnert 635 0.31% -0.31
Write-ins 1,110 0.55% +0.55
Total votes 203,323 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th Congressional District Election: 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Steny Hoyer 253,854 73.65% -9.03
Republican Collins Bailey 82,631 23.97% +23.97
Libertarian Darlene H. Nicolas 7,829 2.27% +2.27
No party Write-ins 377 0.11
Total votes 344,691 100.00
Democratic hold Swing
Maryland's 5th Congressional District Election: 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Steny Hoyer 155,110 64.26% -9.39
Republican Charles Lollar 83,575 34.62% +10.65
Libertarian H Gavin Shickle 2,578 1.07% -1.20
No party Write-ins 120 0.05%
Total votes 241,383 100.00
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th Congressional District: 2012[3]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny H. Hoyer 238,618 69.4
Republican Tony O'Donnell 95,271 27.7
Green Bob Auerbach 5,040 1.5
Libertarian Arvin Vohra 4,503 1.3
N/A Others (write-in) 388 0.1
Total votes 343,820 100
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th Congressional District Election: 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny H. Hoyer 144,725 64
Republican Chris Chaffee 80,752 35.7
N/A Others 563 .3
Total votes 226,040 100
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th Congressional District Election: 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny H. Hoyer 223,582 67.3
Republican Mark Arness 98,768 29.7
Total votes 322,350 100
Democratic hold
Maryland's 5th congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Steny Hoyer (incumbent) 213,796 70.3
Republican William Devine III 82,361 27.1
Green Patrick Elder 4,082 1.3
Libertarian Jacob Pulcher 3,592 1.2
n/a Write-ins 279 0.1
Republican Johnny Rice (write-in) 99 0.0
Total votes 304,479 100.0
Democratic hold

List of members representing the districtEdit

1789–1803: One seatEdit

Name Years Cong
ress
Party Electoral history
 
George Gale
March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1st Pro-Administration Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
 
William Vans Murray
March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Pro-Administration Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
Samuel Smith
March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1803
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1801.
Retired to run for U.S. Senate.

1803–1833: Two seatsEdit

From 1803 to 1833, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Con-
gress
Years Seat A Seat B
Member Party Electoral history Member Party Electoral history
7th March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Lost re-election.
William McCreery Democratic-Republican Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
8th March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10th March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Alexander McKim Democratic-Republican Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Re-elected in 1812.
Retired.
11th March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813
Peter Little Democratic-Republican Elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
12th March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Nicholas R. Moore Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Resigned.
13th March 4, 1815 –
????, 1815
 
William Pinkney
Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
Resigned to become U.S. Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia.
???, 1815 –
February 4, 1816
Vacant
February 4, 1816 –
April 18, 1816
 
Samuel Smith
Democratic-Republican Elected January 27, 1816 to finish Moore's term and seated February 4, 1816.
Re-elected later in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822, but resigned when elected U.S. Senator.
April 18, 1816 –
December 2, 1816
Vacant
December 2, 1816 –
March 3, 1817
Peter Little Democratic-Republican[a] Elected September 3, 1816 to finish Pinkney's term and seated December 2, 1816.
Re-elected later in 1816.
Re-elected in 1818.
Re-elected in 1820.
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
14th March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
16th March 4, 1821 –
December 17, 1822
December 17, 1822 –
January 4, 1823
Vacant
January 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1823
 
Isaac McKim
Democratic-Republican[a] Elected to finish Smith's term and seated January 8, 1823.
Also elected to finish Smith's term in the next Congress.
Lost re-election.
17th March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
John Barney Anti-Jacksonian Elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
Anti-Jacksonian
19th March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
20th March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Elias Brown Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Lost re-election.
 
Benjamin C. Howard
Jacksonian Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
[data unknown/missing]
21st March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
John T. H. Worthington Jacksonian Elected in 1831.
[data unknown/missing]

1833–present: One seatEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history
 
Isaac McKim
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
George C. Washington Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th [data unknown/missing]
William C. Johnson Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
25th
26th
27th
[data unknown/missing]
Jacob A. Preston Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [data unknown/missing]
Albert Constable Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [data unknown/missing]
Alexander Evans Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
[data unknown/missing]
Henry May Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [data unknown/missing]
Henry W. Hoffman Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [data unknown/missing]
 
Jacob M. Kunkel
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1861
35th
36th
[data unknown/missing]
 
Francis Thomas
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [data unknown/missing]
Redistricted to the 4th district.
 
Benjamin G. Harris
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1867
38th
39th
[data unknown/missing]
 
Frederick Stone
Democratic March 4, 1867 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
[data unknown/missing]
 
William M. Merrick
Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [data unknown/missing]
 
William J. Albert
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [data unknown/missing]
 
Eli J. Henkle
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1881
44th
45th
46th
[data unknown/missing]
Andrew G. Chapman Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th [data unknown/missing]
 
Hart Benton Holton
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th [data unknown/missing]
 
Barnes Compton
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 20, 1890
49th
50th
51st
Lost election contest.
 
Sydney E. Mudd I
Republican March 20, 1890 –
March 3, 1891
51st Successfully contested election.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Barnes Compton
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
May 15, 1894
52nd
53rd
[data unknown/missing]
Resigned.
Vacant May 15, 1894 –
November 6, 1894
53rd
 
Charles E. Coffin
Republican November 6, 1894 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Elected to finish Compton's term.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Sydney E. Mudd I
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1911
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
[data unknown/missing]
 
Thomas Parran Sr.
Republican March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd [data unknown/missing]
 
Frank O. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd [data unknown/missing]
 
Sydney E. Mudd II
Republican March 4, 1915 –
October 11, 1924
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
[data unknown/missing]
Died.
Vacant October 11, 1924 –
November 4, 1924
68th
 
Stephen W. Gambrill
Democratic November 4, 1924 –
December 19, 1938
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
Elected to finish Mudd's term.
Died.
Vacant December 19, 1938 –
February 3, 1939
75th
76th
 
Lansdale Sasscer
Democratic February 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1953
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Elected to finish Gambrill's term.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Frank Small Jr.
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd [data unknown/missing]
 
Richard E. Lankford
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1965
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
[data unknown/missing]
 
Hervey G. Machen
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1969
89th
90th
[data unknown/missing]
 
Lawrence Hogan
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1975
91st
92nd
93rd
Ran for governor.
 
Gladys Spellman
Democratic January 3, 1975 –
February 24, 1981
94th
95th
96th
97th
Seat declared vacant for health reasons.
Vacant February 24, 1981 –
May 19, 1981
97th
 
Steny Hoyer
Democratic May 19, 1981 –
Present
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected to finish Spellman's term.

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - Present

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Supported the Jackson faction in the 1824 United States presidential election

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=24&cd=05
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved Nov 12, 2012.

Coordinates: 38°33′N 76°57′W / 38.55°N 76.95°W / 38.55; -76.95