1910 United States House of Representatives elections

Elections to the United States House of Representatives in 1910 were held for members of the 62nd Congress, in the middle of President William Howard Taft's term.

1910 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1908 November 8, 1910[a] 1912 →

All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives[b]
198 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  ChampClark.jpg James Robert Mann 1909.jpg
Leader Champ Clark James Mann
Party Democratic Republican
Leader since March 4, 1909 March 4, 1911
Leader's seat Missouri 9th Illinois 2nd
Last election 172 seats 218 seats
Seats won 227[1][2] 161[1][2]
Seat change Increase 55 Decrease 57
Popular vote 5,700,035 5,680,628
Percentage 46.69% 46.53%
Swing Increase 1.31% Decrease 3.52%

  Third party Fourth party
 
Party Socialist Independent
Last election 0 seats 1 seat [c]
Seats won 1[1][2] 2 [d][e][f]
Seat change Increase 1 Increase 1
Popular vote 527,968 57,938
Percentage 4.32% 0.47%
Swing Increase 1.94% Increase 0.04%

Speaker before election

Joseph Cannon
Republican

Elected Speaker

Champ Clark
Democratic

The conservative Taft contended with major factional splits within his Republican Party. Instead of using his position as president to bridge compromise, Taft alienated the progressive wing of the party, which had championed his predecessor, Theodore Roosevelt. While conservatives controlled the largest number of elected positions for Republicans, progressive politics had been what brought many voters to the polls. The clash of these units of the Republican Party, combined with the message of unity from the Democratic Party, was enough to allow the Democrats to take control of the House, ending 16 years in opposition. This was the first time that the Socialist Party won a seat.

IssuesEdit

Protection was the ideological cement holding the Republican coalition together. High tariffs were used by Republicans to promise higher sales to business, higher wages to industrial workers, and higher demand for their crops to farmers. Progressive insurgents said it promoted monopoly. Democrats said it was a tax on the little man. It had greatest support in the Northeast, and greatest opposition in the South and West. The Midwest was the battle ground.[3] The great battle over the high Payne–Aldrich Tariff Act in 1910 ripped the Republicans apart and set up the realignment in favor of the Democrats.[4]

Election summariesEdit

230 2 162
Democratic [g] Republican
State Type Total
seats
Democratic Republican Socialist
Seats Change Seats Change Seats Change
Alabama Districts 9 9   0   0  
Arkansas Districts 7 7   0   0  
California Districts 8 1   1 7   1 0  
Colorado Districts
+ at-large
3 3   0   0  
Connecticut Districts
+ at-large
5 1   1 4   1 0  
Delaware At-large 1 0   1   0  
Florida Districts 3 3   0   0  
Georgia Districts 11 11   0   0  
Idaho At-large 1 0   1   0  
Illinois Districts 25 11   5 14   5 0  
Indiana Districts 13 12   1 1   1 0  
Iowa Districts 11 1   10   0  
Kansas Districts 8 0   8   0  
Kentucky Districts 11 9   1 2   1 0  
Louisiana Districts 7 7   0   0  
Maine[h] Districts 4 2   2 2   2 0  
Maryland Districts 6 5   2 1   2 0  
Massachusetts Districts 14 4   1 10   1 0  
Michigan Districts 12 2   2 10   2 0  
Minnesota Districts 9 1   8   0  
Mississippi Districts 8 8   0   0  
Missouri Districts 16 14   4 2   4 0  
Montana At-large 1 0   1   0  
Nebraska Districts 6 3   3   0  
Nevada At-large 1 0   1 1   1 0  
New Hampshire Districts 2 0   2   0  
New Jersey Districts 10 7   4 3   4 0  
New York Districts 37 22   11 15[i]   11 0  
North Carolina Districts 10 10   3 0   3 0  
North Dakota Districts 2 0   2   0  
Ohio Districts 21 16   8 5   8 0  
Oklahoma Districts 5 3   1 2   1 0  
Oregon Districts 2 0   2   0  
Pennsylvania Districts 32 9   4 23   4 0  
Rhode Island Districts 2 1   1 1   1 0  
South Carolina Districts 7 7   0   0  
South Dakota At-large 2 0   2   0  
Tennessee Districts 10 8   2   0  
Texas Districts 16 16   0   0  
Utah At-large 1 0   1   0  
Vermont[h] Districts 2 0   2   0  
Virginia Districts 10 9   1   0  
Washington Districts 3 0   3   0  
West Virginia Districts 5 4   4 1   4 0  
Wisconsin Districts 11 2   1 8   2 1   1
Wyoming At-large 1 0   1   0  
Total[b] 394 230[i]
58.4%
  58 163[i]
41.4%
  56 1
0.3%
  1
House seats
Democratic
58.38%
Republican
41.37%
Socialist
0.25%
 
House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% Democratic
  80+% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
 
Net gain in party representation
  6+ Democratic gain
 
  6+ Republican gain
  3-5 Democratic gain
 
  3-5 Republican gain
  1-2 Democratic gain
  1-2 Socialist gain
  1-2 Republican gain
  no net change

Election datesEdit

In 1910, two states, with 6 seats between them, held elections early:

Two newly admitted states held elections late: New Mexico and Arizona held their first elections in 1911.

Special electionsEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Georgia 2
Iowa 9
Louisiana 2 Samuel Louis Gilmore Democratic 1909 (Special) Incumbent died July 18, 1910.
New member elected November 8, 1910.
Democratic hold.
Winner also elected to the next term, see below.
Massachusetts 4
Missouri 6
Virginia 4

CaliforniaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
California 1 William F. Englebright Republican 1906 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y John E. Raker (Democratic) 45.4%
  • William F. Englebright (Republican) 45.1%
  • William Morgan (Socialist) 8.8%
  • C. H. Essex (Prohibition) 0.7%
California 2 Duncan E. McKinlay Republican 1904 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William Kent (Republican) 50.1%
  • I. G. Zumwalt (Democratic) 44%
  • W. H. Ferber (Socialist) 5.2%
  • Henry P. Stipp (Prohibition) 0.7%
California 3 Joseph R. Knowland Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Joseph R. Knowland (Republican) 81.9%
  • S. Miller (Socialist) 15.9%
  • James N. Christian (Prohibition) 2.2%
California 4 Julius Kahn Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Julius Kahn (Republican) 56.5%
  • Walter MacArthur (Democratic) 36.8%
  • Austin Lewis (Socialist) 6.5%
  • E. F. Dinsmore (Prohibition) 0.2%
California 5 Everis A. Hayes Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Everis A. Hayes (Republican) 59.4%
  • Thomas E. Hayden (Democratic) 27.4%
  • E. L. Reguin (Socialist) 12.6%
  • T. E. Caton (Proh.) 0.6%
California 6 James C. Needham Republican 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y James C. Needham (Republican) 47.3%
  • A. L. Cowell (Democratic) 44.2%
  • Richard Kirk (Socialist) 6.2%
  • Ira E. Surface (Proh.) 2.3%
California 7 James McLachlan Republican 1900 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y William Stephens (Republican) 58.7%
  • Lorin A. Handley (Democratic) 21.5%
  • Thomas W. Williams (Socialist) 16.6%
  • C. V. LeFontaine (Proh.) 3.2%
California 8 Sylvester C. Smith Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Sylvester C. Smith (Republican) 50.5%
  • William G. Irving (Democratic) 33.9%
  • George A. Garrett (Socialist) 13.1%
  • James S. Edwards (Proh.) 2.5%

FloridaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Florida 1 Stephen M. Sparkman Democratic 1894 Incumbent re-elected.
Florida 2 Frank Clark Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Frank Clark (Democratic) 78.5%
  • Thomas W. Cox (Socialist) 12.2%
  • Thomas C. Buddington (Republican) 9.3%
Florida 3 Dannite H. Mays Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.

KansasEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Kansas 1 Daniel R. Anthony Jr. Republican 1907 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 2 Charles F. Scott Republican 1900 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Kansas 3 Philip P. Campbell Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 4 James Monroe Miller Republican 1898 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Kansas 5 William A. Calderhead Republican 1894
1896 (Lost)
1898
Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Kansas 6 William A. Reeder Republican 1898 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
Kansas 7 Edmond H. Madison Republican 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
Kansas 8 Victor Murdock Republican 1902 Incumbent re-elected.

LouisianaEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Louisiana 1
Louisiana 2 Samuel Louis Gilmore Democratic 1909 (Special) Incumbent died July 18, 1910.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Winner also elected to finish the term, see above.
Louisiana 3
Louisiana 4
Louisiana 5
Louisiana 6
Louisiana 7

MarylandEdit

District Incumbent This race
Member Party First elected Results Candidates
Maryland 1 James Harry Covington Democratic 1908 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 2 J. Frederick C. Talbott Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
Maryland 3 John Kronmiller Republican 1908 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.
  •  Y George Konig (Democratic) 48.4%
  • Charles W. Main (Republican) 47.4%
  • Robert J. Fields (Socialist) 3.2%
  • Conrad Mauler Jr. (Prohibition) 1.0%
Maryland 4 John Gill Jr. Democratic 1904 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic hold.
Maryland 5 Sydney Emanuel Mudd I Republican 1888
1890 (Lost)
1896
Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Republican hold.
  •  Y Thomas Parran (Republican) 49.2%
  • J. Enos Ray Jr. (Democratic) 46.9%
  • August Hartig (Socialist) 1.9%
  • Samuel R. Neave (Prohibition) 1.6%
Maryland 6 George A. Pearre Republican 1898 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic gain.

South CarolinaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1 George Swinton Legaré Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y George Swinton Legaré (Democratic) 97.4%
  • Aaron P. Prioleau (Republican) 2.1%
  • William Eberhard (Socialist) 0.5%
South Carolina 2 James O'H. Patterson Democratic 1904 Incumbent lost renomination.
New member elected.
Democratic hold
South Carolina 3 Wyatt Aiken Democratic 1902 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 4 Joseph T. Johnson Democratic 1900 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 5 David E. Finley Democratic 1898 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 6 J. Edwin Ellerbe Democratic 1904 Incumbent re-elected.
South Carolina 7 Asbury F. Lever Democratic 1901 (special) Incumbent re-elected.
  •  Y Asbury F. Lever (Democratic) 95.6%
  • R. H. Richardson (Republican) 4.3%
  • Others 0.1%

VirginiaEdit

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Virginia 1
Virginia 2
Virginia 3
Virginia 4
Virginia 5
Virginia 6 Carter Glass Democratic 1902 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.
Virginia 7
Virginia 8
Virginia 9
Virginia 10

Non-voting delegatesEdit

Alaska TerritoryEdit

Alaska Territory elected its non-voting delegate August 9, 1910.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Alaska Territory at-large James Wickersham Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected.

Arizona TerritoryEdit

Arizona Territory elected its non-voting delegate sometime in 1910, but did not serve out the complete term as statehood was granted in 1912.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
Arizona Territory at-large Ralph H. Cameron Republican 1908 Incumbent re-elected.

New Mexico TerritoryEdit

New Mexico Territory elected its non-voting delegate sometime in 1910, but did not serve out the complete term as statehood was granted in 1912.

District Incumbent This race
Representative Party First elected Results Candidates
New Mexico Territory at-large William Henry Andrews Republican 1904 Incumbent re-elected.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Maine and Vermont held elections early, in September 1910.
  2. ^ a b Including late elections
  3. ^ Including one Independent Republican.
  4. ^ Includes Congressmen Theron Akin of the 25th District of New York, and Samuel Tribble of the 8th District of Georgia.
  5. ^ Theron Akin had been endorsed by the local Democratic Party in opposition to the Republican incumbent Cyrus Durey, but made known his intention to caucus with the Republican Party as an Progressive Republican upon being sworn in.
  6. ^ Samuel Tribble ran as an Independent Democrat in opposition to incumbent Congressman William Howard.
  7. ^ There was 1 Socialist and 1 Progressive Republican
  8. ^ a b Elections held early.
  9. ^ a b c Including one Progressive Republican member, Theron Akin

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c Martis, pp. 164–165.
  3. ^ Howard R. Smith, and John Fraser Hart, "The American tariff map." Geographical Review 45.3 (1955): 327-346 online.
  4. ^ Stanley D. Solvick, "William Howard Taft and the Payne-Aldrich Tariff." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 50.3 (1963): 424-442 online
  5. ^ "Our Campaigns - LA - District 02 Race - Nov 08, 1910". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  6. ^ "Our Campaigns - AK Territorial Delegate Race - Aug 09, 1910". www.ourcampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "AZ Territorial Delegate - Final Election". Ourcampaigns.com.
  8. ^ "NM Territorial Delegate". Ourcampaigns.com.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit