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Lloyd Alton Doggett II (born October 6, 1946) is an American attorney and politician who is a U.S. Representative from Texas. A member of the Democratic Party, he has represented a district based in the state capital and his hometown, Austin, since 1995, currently numbered as Texas's 35th congressional district.

Lloyd Doggett
Lloyd Doggett, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 35th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by Constituency established
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 25th district
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Chris Bell
Succeeded by Roger Williams
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 10th district
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2005
Preceded by J. J. Pickle
Succeeded by Michael McCaul
Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
In office
1989–1994
Preceded by Ted Robertson
Succeeded by Priscilla Owen
Member of the Texas Senate
from the 14th district
In office
August 18, 1973 – January 8, 1985
Preceded by Charles F. Herring
Succeeded by Gonzalo Barrientos
Personal details
Born Lloyd Alton Doggett II
(1946-10-06) October 6, 1946 (age 71)
Austin, Texas, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Libby Doggett
Residence Austin, Texas
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin
University of Texas School of Law
Occupation Attorney
Politician

Doggett received both a bachelor's degree in Business Administration and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Texas School of Law.

Dogget has held office as a legislator in the Texas State Senate and the U.S. House of Representatives. He has also held office as a justice of the Texas Supreme Court, before being elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.

Contents

Early life, education and careerEdit

Born in Austin, Doggett received both a bachelor's degree in Business Administration and a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Texas at Austin, where he served as student body president his senior year. While attending the University of Texas at Austin, he also joined Lambda Chi Alpha Fraternity.

Texas governmentEdit

His electoral career began in 1973, when he was elected to the Texas State Senate, a position which he filled until 1985. In 1984, he was the Democratic nominee for the United States Senate seat vacated by the perennial Republican, John Tower, but he lost to the Republican candidate, Phil Gramm. Doggett authored the bill creating the Texas Commission on Human Rights, as well as a law outlawing "cop killer" bullets and a "sunset law" requiring periodic review of government agencies. He gained attention in 1979, as a member of the "Killer Bees" — a group of 12 Democratic state senators who opposed a plan to move the state's presidential primary to March 11. The intent was to give former governor John Connally a leg up on the 1980 Republican nomination. The Killer Bees wanted a closed primary. When this proposal was rejected, they walked out of the chamber and left the Senate two members short of a quorum. The bill was withdrawn five days later.

In 1989, he became both a justice of the Texas Supreme Court and an adjunct professor at the University of Texas School of Law, his alma mater, serving until his election to Congress.

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

Described as an “endangered species”, Doggett was one of only three white Democratic House members from Texas in the 113th Congress (the others being Gene Green and Beto O'Rourke) in a state with mostly Republicans and minority members of the Democratic Party.[1] He is one of the most liberal white Democrats from a Southern district, and one of the most liberal congressmen ever to represent Texas in Congress. He has been described as a strong voice for his party on taxes and environmental policies and as a "muscular progressive".[2]

Doggett was a frequent critic of Newt Gingrich, the former Speaker, while allying with David Bonior, the [Democratic] Minority Whip, when Bonior was leading “an effort to diminish Gingrich's power by raising continual questions about his ethics.”[3] He has been a close ally of Nancy Pelosi. In 2002, Doggett supported Pelosi's successful bid to become the party's House leader over fellow Texan Martin Frost, a more moderate candidate.[4]

On the local level, Doggett helped ensure the development of the Austin Outpatient Clinic, which opened in 2011 as the largest veterans’ clinic of its kind in the country.[5] In 2014, he secured passage of legislation to expand the Missions National Park and supported it being named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[6]

Committee assignmentsEdit

Caucus membershipsEdit

TenureEdit

Doggett has long supported more open government, and is also a leading advocate for campaign finance reform. On the Ways and Means Committee, he has sought to close many overseas tax shelters. Doggett has authored legislation to create tax incentives for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and to create a nationwide Silver Alert system. From 2011 to 2016, he served as ranking member on the Human Resources Subcommittee and in 2017 became ranking on the Tax Policy Subcommittee. His priorities there have included education, health care, preventing child abuse, reducing prescription drug prices, fighting poverty, and eliminating multinational tax shelters and loopholes.

Abortion

Doggett is pro-choice. In 2003 he voted against a bill that would have banned all partial-birth abortions. He was given a 100% by the NARAL.[8] He voted in favor of a bill to provide federal funding for embryonic stem cell research in 2007.

Environment

Doggett is a strong supporter of environmental preservation. He is one of the leading opponents in the House of drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Reserve in Alaska. The League of Conservation Voters gives Doggett a 100 percent rating,[9] an indication Doggett supports that group's interpretation of environmental preservation. In the 110th Congress (2007–08), he wrote climate change legislation that would have gone further to reduce greenhouse gases than bills supported by his party’s leaders.[10]

In June 2009, Doggett voted in favor of the American Clean Energy and Security Act, a bill that would have established an emissions trading system for American producers of carbon dioxide. Doggett remarked “It has been a difficult and significant decision”. “I just decided that I will have a better chance to make changes later in the process if I acted in good faith now. But don't think this means I'm signing off on the conference report”, Doggett added.[11]

Gay rights

Doggett voted against the Federal Marriage Amendment in the 109th Congress. He voted against HR 4380 and HR 2587, bills that would have banned adoption by same-sex couples.[12] In 1996, Doggett voted for the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA), but became a cosponsor of the Respect for Marriage Act, which would repeal DOMA, in 2011.[13][14]

Taxes

Doggett introduced legislation focused on restricting American companies from using overseas strategies to reduce their corporate tax rates. When Obama unveiled his plan in May 2009 to significantly change how U.S.-based multinationals are taxed, it included aspects of Doggett’s proposals to crack down on tax dodgers.[15] He voted against the 2010 tax compromise, criticizing the renewal of the Bush tax cuts, saying “This bill is largely a mish-mash of rejected Republican ideas that cost too much to accomplish too little.”[16] He led a group of Democrats who “criticized the inclusion of a Social Security payroll tax reduction, saying it would endanger the soundness of the program.”[4]

In 2010, Doggett was responsible for an amendment to an education jobs bill which would mandate Texas keeping the same amount of education funding for three years in order to receive $832 million in federal money. Rick Perry called it “an unconstitutional anti-Texas amendment” and would later file a lawsuit after the Department of Education declined the application for funds.[4][17]

In 2015, Doggett introduced legislation to close a loophole that allows tax write-offs for senior executive bonuses, calling it “a perverse incentive for companies: the more you pay your executives, the less you’ll pay in taxes.”[18]

Energy

Doggett has backed bills with the intention of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and supporting cap-and-trade as well as clean technologies. Doggett supported the 2009 climate-change bill, “despite claiming it didn't do enough to protect the environment.” He said it stripped the EPA of too much power and was too beneficial to coal plants and “other polluters.” Doggett supports auctioning carbon allowances, and has worked to make legislation usually associated with the House Ways and Means Committee to be associated with the Energy and Commerce Committee.[4][19]

In June 2015, Doggett voted against fast-track Trade Promotion Authority, calling it a “charter for corporate America rather than a high-level trade agreement.” He criticized the U.S. Trade Representative for failing to enforce labor and environmental standards. “Usually, the reason that USTR fails is that it doesn’t really try,” he said. ‘Asleep at the Wheel’ is a great Texas swing band, but it is a horrible philosophy for trade law enforcement.”[20]

In 2015, his continued interest in international affairs was reflected in his leadership supporting the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the Iran nuclear deal. Together with Congressman David Price and Congresswoman Jan Schakowsky, Doggett organized a successful whip effort to ensure Congress did not obstruct nuclear negotiations with Iran.[21][22]

Healthcare

In March 2010, Doggett voted in favor of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Prior to his vote, Doggett cited concerns with the bill not including enough affordability, insurance competition provisions, and consumer protection provisions. Originally an advocate of a public option, he conceded the option in the final vote.[4]

In 2015, Congress passed Rep. Doggett’s NOTICE Act, which ensures that hospitalized seniors are notified whether they are in outpatient observation or inpatient care, saving them the sticker shock from realizing Medicare may not cover their skilled nursing facility care as expected. Doggett sponsored the Medicare Identity Theft Prevention Act, which was enacted into law in 2015 and which protects seniors from identity theft by removing Social Security numbers from Medicare cards. Another of Doggett’s sponsored bills, the Ensuring Access to Clinical Trials Act, was enacted that same year. This legislation allows patients with rare disease to receive some compensation for clinical trial participation, without that compensation counting toward income eligibility limits for Social Security income or Medicaid.[23]

Doggett says the same Republicans in Congress and “ideological groups that have never accepted the idea of social insurance” pose a greater threat to Social Security than the country’s aging population.[24]

Doggett founded the House Prescription Drug Task Force to tackle the skyrocketing cost of prescription drugs.[25]

Criticism of healthcare opponents

In August 2009 a “rally” against the health care plans broke out after Doggett said that he would support the bill even if his constituents were opposed to the legislation. The protesters, who chanted “just say no”, were later criticized by Doggett, who called them a “mob” and “extremists”, and said the group was part of the “party of no.”[26] Of the situation, he said: “Their fanatical insistence on repealing Social Security and Medicare is not just about halting health care reform but rolling back 75 years of progress.” Doggett stated that he was committed to individual choices.

Doggett reportedly tried to answer questions, but felt the demonstrators opposed all government programs, including Social Security and Medicare, in addition to the health care plan. He said that “[i]n Texas, not only with the weather but with the politics, it is pretty hardball around here ... I have a pretty thick skin about all of this. But this really goes over the line.'”[27]

Immigration

Doggett supports a guest worker program for illegal immigrants. In 2004, he voted against a bill that would have required hospitals to report illegal immigrants who received hospital treatment to the U.S. Department of Justice. The Federation for American Immigration Reform gave him a score of 0% in 2003.[28]

Doggett also supports the Obama Administration’s Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, which grants undocumented immigrants brought to the United States at a young age, known as “Dreamers”, access to work permits and deportation relief.[29]

Iraq

Doggett was one of the leading opponents of the authorization of the Iraq War in 2003 and called for a timetable for U.S. troops pulling out of Iraq. On May 24, 2007, Doggett was one of 140 Democrats and 2 Republicans to vote against HR 2206, a bill that would provide emergency supplemental appropriations for funding the war, and in 2009 he was one of only 30 Representatives to vote against HR 2346 which provided funding to continue war.[30]

Education

In 2009, as part of the Obama Administration’s American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, Doggett authored the American Opportunity Tax Credit, which provides a refundable credit for some tuition and related expenses.[31]

Other social service issues

Rep. Doggett passed a bill into law in January 2013 setting up a national commission to examine ways to reduce the number of children who die from abuse and neglect.[32] More children die in Texas from abuse and neglect than in any other state.[33] The tax and spending deal approved that month to avoid a so-called “fiscal cliff” included an extension of a higher-education tax credit he had proposed. He also worked with Texas Republican Sam Johnson to pass a bill through the House in December 2012 to authorize the phased removal of Social Security numbers from Medicare cards to crack down on identity theft.[34]

Trump administration

In 2017, he has been a vocal critic of President Trump, skipping the inaugural to speak at the Women’s March at the State Capitol in Austin, which observers have described as the largest protest in Texas history.[35] [36] He has played a leading role in seeking disclosure of the president’s tax returns and in opposing the repeal of the Affordable Health Care Act.[37] Doggett also sponsored a resolution to formally censure the president for his failure regarding violence at Charlottesville, Virginia.[38]

Political campaignsEdit

Before 2012

In 1984 he lost the U.S. Senate election to then U.S. Representative Phil Gramm by a margin of 59 to 41 percent. He was elected to the House of Representatives in 1994 in what was then the 10th District after 32-year incumbent Jake Pickle retired. He was one of the few Democrats to win an open seat in that year's massive Republican landslide. Running for re-election in 1996, Congressman Doggett defeated a challenger in Republican Teresa Doggett, to whom he is no relation. It marked the second election in a row in which he defeated a black female Republican. In the years following his first re-election, Doggett would consistently win around 85% of the vote, facing only Libertarian opponents. The 10th, which had once been represented by Lyndon Johnson, had long been a liberal Democratic bastion in increasingly Republican Texas.

Redistricting by the Texas Legislature in 2003 split Austin, which had been located entirely or almost entirely in the 10th district for more than a century, among three districts. Through Republican gerrymandering, Doggett's home wound up in a new, heavily Republican 10th district stretching from north central Austin to the Houston suburbs. Most of Doggett's former territory wound up on the 25th district, which consisted of a long tendril stretching from Austin to McAllen on the Mexican border. It was called "the fajita strip" or "the bacon strip" because of its shape. Doggett moved to the newly configured 25th and entered the Democratic primary—the real contest in the heavily Democratic, majority-Hispanic district. He won the primary and went on to victory in November.[citation needed]

On June 28, 2006, the United States Supreme Court ruled that the nearby 23rd District's lines violated the rights of Latino voters. As part of the 2003 redistricting, heavily Democratic and majority-Latino Laredo had largely been cut out of the 23rd and replaced by several heavily Republican areas near San Antonio. The decision turned on the fact that the 23rd was a protected majority-Latino district—in other words, if the 23rd was ever redrawn to put Latinos in a minority, an acceptable majority-Latino district had to be created in its place. While the new 23rd was 55% Latino, only 46% of its voting population was Latino. The Court therefore found that the 23rd was not an acceptable Latino-majority district. It also found that the 25th was not compact enough to be an acceptable replacement because the two Latino communities in the district were more than 300 miles apart, creating the impression that it had been deliberately drawn to pick up as many Latinos as possible without regard to compactness.[39]

Due to the size of the 23rd, the ruling forced the redrawing of five districts between El Paso and San Antonio, including the 25th. For the 2006 election, Doggett regained most of his old base in Austin (though not the area around the University of Texas at Austin, which stayed in the 21st), and also picked up several suburbs southeast of the city. After skating to reelection in 2006 and 2008, he was held to only 52 percent of the vote in 2010—his closest race since 1996.

2012

It was reported that the new Congressional maps in Texas turned Doggett's district from a strongly Democratic district into a strongly Republican one.[40] The new map split Doggett's old territory among five districts. His home was placed in a new, heavily Republican 25th District stretching from western Austin all the way to the fringes of the Metroplex. Much of his old base, however, was placed in the newly created 35th district, a majority-Hispanic district stretching from San Antonio to eastern Austin.[41] Doggett's home was located approximately five blocks east of the 35th. It appeared that the Republican-controlled state legislature had gerrymandered the district by packing as many Democrats in the San Antonio-Austin corridor into it as possible.[42]

Doggett accused the Republicans of wanting to make it difficult, if not impossible, for an Anglo Democrat to be elected to Congress from Texas, saying, "The Republican Party is determined to make the Democratic Party a party of minorities — that is what this is about, as well." He added that the Republicans were deliberately trying to reduce Austin's clout in Congress by "deny(ing) the capital city an opportunity to have a district that reflects the capital city." He was faced with the choice between running in the reconfigured 25th or moving, joking that he would live in a Winnebago to be able to run in the newly created 35th.[43]

Doggett was set to face State Representative Joaquin Castro in the District 35 primary election. The potential race was described as the biggest threat to Dogett's survival yet, with Castro being seen as a “rising star” in the Democratic party. Doggett accused Castro of working alongside Republicans throughout the redistricting process. The Republican House Redistricting Committee later clarified, saying that any discussions with Castro took place after the area for the district was decided.[44] However, Castro opted to run in the neighboring 20th District after its incumbent, Charlie Gonzalez, announced his retirement.

Doggett eventually decided to run in the 35th District, facing Bexar County assessor Sylvia Romo. Before the primaries, he said that he would move into the district if he were to win. Political commentators suggested that Romo had the district numbers in her favor, but was attempting the difficult leap from local office to Congress, while Doggett had a huge amount of funding. Doggett has stressed his long tenure as a progressive Democrat, saying he wants to “stoutly defend Social Security, Medicare, and national health care, and also notes his strong support for both higher education programs and public education.” By contrast, Romo’s campaign stressed her tax knowledge and CPA license, focusing on her potential to help with Congressional tax reform and economic growth.[42]

Doggett won the primary with 73.2% of the vote.[45] He performed strongly in San Antonio, an area he had never before represented. The district is so heavily Democratic that he was heavily favored to win the general election in November.[46] He easily defeated Republican challenger Susan Narvaiz in the general election to become the first Anglo Democrat to represent a significant portion of San Antonio since Chick Kazen left office in 1985.

2016

Doggett won his twelfth term in the U.S. House in the general election held on November 8, 2016. With 124,612 votes (63.1 percent), he defeated the Republican Susan Griffith Narvaiz (born 1957) of San Marcos, who polled 62,384 ballots (31.6 percent). Two other contenders held the remaining 5.4 percent of the ballots cast.[47]

Electoral historyEdit

Texas's 10th congressional district: Results 1994–2010[48]
Year Subject Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  %
1994 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 113,738 56.31 Jo Baylor Republican 80,382 39.22 Other 7,866 3.89
1996 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 132,066 56.20 Teresa Doggett Republican 97,204 41.36 Other 5,721 2.43
1998 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 116,127 85.21 Vincent J. May Libertarian 20,155 14.79
2000 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 203,628 84.55 Michael Davis Libertarian 37,203 15.45
2002 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 114,428 84.37 Michele Messina Libertarian 21,196 15.63
Texas's 25th congressional district: Results 2004–2008[48]
Year Subject Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  %
2004 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 108,309 67.60 Rebecca Klein Republican 49,252 30.74 James Werner Libertarian 2,656 1.66
2006 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 109,839 67.25 Grant Rostig Republican 42,956 26.30 Barbara Cunningham Libertarian 6,933 4.25 Brian Parrett Independent 3,594 2.20
2008 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 191,755 65.82 George Morovich Republican 88,693 30.44 Jim Stutsman Libertarian 10,848 3.72
2010 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 99,967 52.82 Donna Campbell Republican 84,849 44.83 Jim Stutsman Libertarian 4,431 2.34
Texas's 35th congressional district: Results 2004–2008[48]
Year Subject Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  % Opponent Party Votes  %
2012 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 105,626 63.96 Susan Narvaiz Republican 52,894 32.03 Ross Lynn Leone Libertarian 4,082 2.47 Meghan Owen Green 2,540 1.54
2014 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 60,124 62.48 Susan Narvaiz Republican 32,040 33.30 Cory W. Bruner Libertarian 2,767 2.88 Kat Swift Green 1,294 1.34
2016 Lloyd Doggett Democratic 124,612 63.07 Susan Narvaiz Republican 62,384 31.57 Rhett Rosenquest Smith Libertarian 6,504 3.29 Scott Trimble Green 4,076 2.06

Personal lifeEdit

The Sunlight Project estimates his average net worth in 2006 was over $13 million.[49] In 2008, the Sunlight Foundation pointed out that among the 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives, Doggett has the 11th-highest amount of investment in oil stocks.[50]

In April 2008 while celebrating the upcoming Earth Day Doggett fell off of his bicycle and broke his leg. This accident was similar to a bicycle crash that occurred a year previously in which his friend, the former mayor of Austin Bruce Todd, fell off his bicycle and suffered a serious head injury and several broken bones.[51] [52]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Alex Isenstadt. "Is Lloyd Doggett Texas toast?". Politico. 
  2. ^ "Sober Look at the Depth Chart Intensifies for House Democrats". Roll Call. February 2, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Rep. Lloyd Doggett (D)". National Journal. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Lloyd Doggett (D-Tex.)". Washington Post. July 17, 2012. 
  5. ^ System, Central Texas Veterans Health Care. "Groundbreaking set for Friday, June 17, 2011 for new VA Outpatient Clinic in Austin - Central Texas Veterans Health Care System". www.CentralTexas.VA.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  6. ^ "Missions National Historic Park Expansion Approved". TheRivardReport.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Caucus Members". Congressional Progressive Caucus. Archived from the original on October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Lloyd Doggett on Abortion". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Lloyd Doggett on Environment". massscorecard.org. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  10. ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/110th-congress/house-bill/6316
  11. ^ Lerer, Lisa; Patrick O'Connor (2009-06-25). "House passes climate-change bill". Capitol News Company LLC. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  12. ^ "Family and Children Issues". Votesmart. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  13. ^ "Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA)". votesmart.org. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  14. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d112:HR01116:@@@P
  15. ^ "Obama Announces International Tax Crackdown". www.Tax-News.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  16. ^ Alister Bull (December 17, 2010). "Obama willing to fight the left if needed-White House". Reuters. 
  17. ^ Lisa Falkenberg (April 27, 2011). "Lisa Falkenberg: Political chess match has schools as pawns". Houston Chronicle. 
  18. ^ http://www.cq.com/doc/member-467?3, https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/2103?q=%7B"search"%3A%5B"Stop+Subsidizing+Multimillion+Dollar+Corporate+Bonuses+Act"%5D%7D&r=1 http://www.washingtonexaminer.com/democrats-push-to-tax-excessive-employee-pay/article/2611587
  19. ^ "Lloyd Doggett on Energy & Oil". On The Issues. 
  20. ^ "US House Passes TPA 218-208, Jun 18 2015 - Video - C-SPAN.org". C-SPAN.org. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  21. ^ "House Dems whip for Iran deal". Politico.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  22. ^ https://www.facebook.com/GregSargentWP. "The odds of an Iran nuclear deal just got better". Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  23. ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/114th-congress/house-bill/876?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22notice+act+lloyd+doggett%22%5D%7D&r=1
  24. ^ "- MAINTAINING THE DISABILITY INSURANCE TRUST FUND'S SOLVENCY". www.GPO.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  25. ^ "S.A. congressman investigating prescription costs". ExpressNews.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  26. ^ Situation Room (August 6, 2009). "Interview with Rep. Lloyd Doggett". Real Clear Politics. 
  27. ^ David M. Herszenhorm & Sheryl Gay Stolberg (August 3, 2009). "Health Plan Opponents Make Voices Heard". New York Times. 
  28. ^ "Lloyd Doggett on Immigration". OnTheIssues.org. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Immigration Reform". House.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  30. ^ Scahill, Jeremy (2009-06-17). "Shame: The 'Anti-War' Democrats Who Sold Out". Alternet. Retrieved March 12, 2010. 
  31. ^ "Rep. Doggett Introduces Permanent Extension of the American Opportunity Tax Credit". House.gov. April 25, 2013. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  32. ^ https://www.congress.gov/bill/112th-congress/house-bill/6655?q=%7B%22search%22%3A%5B%22protect+our+kids+act+lloyd+doggett%22%5D%7D&r=1
  33. ^ https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/cb/cm2015.pdf
  34. ^ "House Passes Rep. Lloyd Doggett's Bipartisan Bill to Protect 48 Million Medicare Beneficiaries from Identity Theft". House.gov. December 21, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  35. ^ Doggett, Lloyd. "I will not be attending the inauguration this Friday. Read my statement here.pic.twitter.com/4gt6AA4u16". Twitter.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  36. ^ "Up to 50,000, many in pink, jam downtown Austin for Women's March". Statesman.com. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  37. ^ "Transparency in the Trump Administration". House.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  38. ^ https://doggett.housegov/media-center/press-releases/rep-doggett-calls-censure-president-trump
  39. ^ "Decision in LULAC v. Perry". Cornell University Law School. Retrieved March 10, 2010. , which forced the redrawing of the 25th
  40. ^ Aaron Blake (June 2, 2011). "The GOP's big Texas gerrymander". Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2011. 
  41. ^ Map of Texas Congressional districts 25-36
  42. ^ a b Michael King. "CD 35: Doggett, Romo, Alvarado". Austin Chronicle. 
  43. ^ Sean Miller. "Doggett: Texas GOP's redistricting plan aims to eliminate white Dems". The Hill. 
  44. ^ Cindy Casares. "Doggett vs. Castro: Getting Ugly Already". Texas Observer. 
  45. ^ Brad Rollins. "Election 2012: The Morning After cheat sheet". San Marcos Mercury. 
  46. ^ Martin, Gary. "Doggett beats rivals favored to win in November". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  47. ^ "Election Results". Texas Secretary of State. November 8, 2016. Retrieved December 17, 2016. 
  48. ^ a b c "Election Statistics, 1920 to Present". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved November 12, 2017. 
  49. ^ [1] The Sunlight Project
  50. ^ "The Sunlight Foundation Blog - Oil Industry Influence: Personal Finances'". Sunlight Foundation. August 8, 2008. Archived from the original on August 12, 2008.  Retrieved on Aug. 8, 2008
  51. ^ "Austin news, sports, weather, Longhorns, business - Statesman.com". Archive.is. September 11, 2012. Archived from the original on September 11, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2017. 
  52. ^ Smith, Amy (December 2, 2005). "Bike Spill Leaves Former Mayor Todd in Stable Condition". The Austin Chronicle. Retrieved March 10, 2010. 

External linksEdit