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New York's 1st congressional district

The 1st Congressional District of New York is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives in eastern Long Island. It includes most of Central and Eastern Suffolk County, including most of Smithtown, as well as the entirety of the towns of Brookhaven, Riverhead, Southold, Southampton, East Hampton, and Shelter Island. The district encompasses extremely wealthy enclaves such as the Hamptons, middle class suburban towns such as Selden, Centereach and Lake Grove, working-class neighborhoods such as Mastic, Shirley, and Riverhead and rural farming communities such as Mattituck and Jamesport on the North Fork. The district currently is represented by Republican Lee Zeldin. In the 2014 election, Zeldin defeated Democratic incumbent Tim Bishop, who had represented the district since 2003. In recent years, the district has become more conservative. In the 2016 election, Zeldin defeated Democratic challenger Anna-Thone Holst by a margin of 15.6%, the largest margin of victory for a Republican since 1998. In 2018, Zeldin won re-election to a third term, narrowly defeating Democratic challenger Perry Gershon by 4.1%.

New York's 1st congressional district
New York US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
New York 's 1st congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Lee Zeldin
RShirley
Distribution
  • 93.89% urban
  • 6.11% rural
Population (2000)654,360
Median income$92,284[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+5[3]

The district was a battleground, as President George W. Bush defeated challenger John Kerry by less than a percentage point in 2004, while in 2008, President Barack Obama defeated John McCain 52%–48%. Donald Trump won the district by 9 percentage points over Hillary Clinton in the 2016 presidential election.

In 2012, New York underwent redistricting, and the 1st District was slightly modified.

Recent election results in statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President GHW Bush 40–38%
1996 President B. Clinton 51–36%
2000 President Gore 52–44%
2004 President GW Bush 49–49%[a]
2008 President Obama 52–48%
2012 President Obama 50–49%
2016 President Trump 54–42%

Communities within the districtEdit

Components: past and presentEdit

1823–1945:

All of Suffolk, Nassau
Parts of Queens

1945–1963:

All of Suffolk
Parts of Nassau

1963–present:

Parts of Suffolk

List of members representing the districtEdit

1789–1813: one seatEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District counties
 
William Floyd
Anti-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
1789–1793
Kings
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk
Vacant March 4, 1791 –
May 1791
2nd Representative-elect James Townsend died May 24, 1790, before his term began.
 
Thomas Tredwell
Anti-Administration May 1791 –
March 3, 1795
2nd
3rd
Elected April 28, 1791 to finish Townsend's term.
Re-elected in 1793.
Moved to the 7th district and lost re-election.
1793–1801
Kings
Queens
Suffolk
Jonathan Nicoll Havens Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
October 25, 1799
4th
5th
6th
Elected in 1794.
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Died.
Vacant October 25, 1799 –
February 27, 1800
6th
 
John Smith
Democratic-Republican February 27, 1800 –
February 23, 1804
6th
7th
8th
Elected to finish Havens's term and seated February 27, 1800.
Re-elected in 1800.
Re-elected in 1802.
Resigned.
1801–1803
Kings
Queens
Richmond
Suffolk
1803–1809
Queens
Suffolk
Vacant February 23, 1804 –
November 5, 1804
8th
Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican November 5, 1804 –
March 3, 1805
Elected to finish Smith's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Eliphalet Wickes Democratic-Republican March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1807
9th Elected in 1804.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Samuel Riker Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1809
10th Elected in 1806.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11th
12th
Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
1809–1813
Kings
Queens
Suffolk

1813–1823: two seatsEdit

From 1809 to 1823, two seats were apportioned, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Years Cong
ress
  Seat A   Seat B Location
Member Party Electoral history Member Party Electoral history
March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
13th John Lefferts Democratic-Republican Elected in 1812.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican Re-elected in 1812.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1813–1823
1st and 2nd Ward of New York County, and Kings, Queens, Suffolk and Richmond counties.
March 4, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
14th Henry Crocheron Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814.
[Data unknown/missing.]
George Townsend Democratic-Republican Elected in 1814
March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
15th Tredwell Scudder Democratic-Republican Elected in 1816.
Retired.
Re-elected in 1816.
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1819 –
January 14, 1820
16th  
Silas Wood
Federalist Elected in 1818 Vacant Credentials had been issued for Ebenezer Sage (Dem.-Rep.), but Sage did not take or claim the seat, see 1818 United States House of Representatives elections in New York
January 14, 1820 –
March 3, 1821
James Guyon Jr. Democratic-Republican Successfully contested the election of Ebenezer Sage.
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1821 –
December 12, 1821
17th Re-elected in 1821.
Became the sole representative from the district in 1823.
Vacant Credentials had been issued for Peter Sharpe (Dem.-Rep.), but Sharpe did not take or claim the seat, see 1821 United States House of Representatives elections in New York
December 12, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
 
Cadwallader D. Colden
Federalist Successfully contested the election of Peter Sharpe.
[Data unknown/missing.]

1823–Present: one seatEdit

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
 
Silas Wood
Adams-Clay Federalist March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Re-elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
Lost re-election.
1823–1833
Queens and Suffolk counties.
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
James Lent Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
February 22, 1833
21st
22nd
Elected in 1828.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant February 22, 1833 –
March 3, 1833
Abel Huntington Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
23rd
24th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas B. Jackson Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
25th
26th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Charles A. Floyd Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [Data unknown/missing.]
Selah B. Strong Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
John W. Lawrence
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Frederick W. Lord Democratic March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
30th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John Alsop King
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John G. Floyd
Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James Maurice
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
William Valk Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
John A. Searing Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
Luther C. Carter Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Edward H. Smith
Democratic March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Henry G. Stebbins
Democratic March 4, 1863 –
October 24, 1864
38th [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
1863–1873
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant October 24, 1864 –
December 5, 1864
Dwight Townsend Democratic December 5, 1864 –
March 3, 1865
38th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Stephen Taber
Democratic March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1869
39th
40th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry A. Reeves
Democratic March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1871
41st [Data unknown/missing.]
Dwight Townsend Democratic March 4, 1871 –
March 3, 1873
42nd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry J. Scudder
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1873–1885
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Henry B. Metcalfe
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
James W. Covert
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1881
45th
46th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Perry Belmont
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
December 1, 1888
47th
48th
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become U.S. Minister to Spain.
1885–1893
Queens County, Richmond County, and Suffolk County[4]
Vacant December 1, 1888 –
March 3, 1889
 
James W. Covert
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1895
51st
52nd
53rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1893–1903
Queens County and Suffolk County[5]
 
Richard C. McCormick
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Joseph M. Belford
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
55th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Townsend Scudder
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
56th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Frederic Storm
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
57th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Townsend Scudder
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
58th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1903–1913
Queens County (partial), Suffolk County, and Nassau County[6]
 
William W. Cocks
Republican March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1911
59th
60th
61st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Martin W. Littleton
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
62nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Lathrop Brown
Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Frederick C. Hicks
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1923
64th
65th
66th
67th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Robert L. Bacon
Republican March 4, 1923 –
September 12, 1938
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
1933–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant September 12, 1938 –
January 3, 1939
 
Leonard W. Hall
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1945
76th
77th
78th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 2nd congressional district.
1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Edgar A. Sharp
Republican January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
79th [Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
W. Kingsland Macy
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1951
80th
81st
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Ernest Greenwood
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Stuyvesant Wainwright
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
83rd
84th
85th
86th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Otis G. Pike
Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1979
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William Carney
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1987
96th
97th
98th
99th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George J. Hochbrueckner
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1995
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Michael Forbes
Republican January 3, 1995 –
July 17, 1999
104th
105th
106th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
Democratic July 17, 1999 –
January 3, 2001
 
Felix Grucci
Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2003
107th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Tim Bishop
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2015
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Lost re-election.
2003–2013
 
2013–Present
 
 
Lee Zeldin
Republican January 3, 2015 –
Present
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Recent election resultsEdit

Note that in New York State electoral politics there are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

U.S. House of Representatives election, 1996: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Michael P. Forbes (Incumbent) 116,620 54.7
Democratic Nora L. Bredes 96,496 45.3
Majority 20,124 9.4
Turnout 213,116 100
U.S. House of Representatives election, 1998: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Michael P. Forbes (Incumbent) 99,460 64.1   9.4
Democratic William G. Holst 55,630 35.9   9.4
Majority 43,830 28.3   18.9
Turnout 155,090 100   27.2
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2000: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Felix Grucci 133,020 55.5   8.6
Democratic Regina Seltzer 97,299 40.6   4.7
None Michael P. Forbes (Incumbent) 6,318 2.6   2.6
Green William G. Holst 2,967 1.2   1.2
Majority 35,721 14.9   13.4
Turnout 239,604 100   54.5
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2002: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop 84,276 50.2   9.6
Republican Felix Grucci (Incumbent) 81,524 48.6   6.9
Green Lorna Salzman 1,991 1.2   0.0
Majority 2,752 1.6   13.3
Turnout 167,791 100   30.0
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2004: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 156,354 56.2   6.0
Republican William M. Manger, Jr. 121,855 43.8   4.8
Majority 34,499 12.4   10.8
Turnout 278,209 100   65.8
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2006: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 104,360 62.2   6.0
Republican Italo Zanzi 63,328 37.8   6.0
Majority 41,032 24.5   12.1
Turnout 167,688 100   39.7
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2008: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 162,083 58.4   3.8
Republican Lee M. Zeldin 115,545 41.6   3.8
Majority 46,538 16.8   7.7
Turnout 277,628 100   65.6
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2010: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 98,316 50.2   8.2
Republican Randy Altschuler 97,723 49.8   8.2
Majority 593 0.4   16.4
Turnout 196,039 100   29.4
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2012: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 132,525 52.2   2.0
Republican Randy Altschuler 121,478 47.8   2.0
Majority 11,047 4.3   3.9
Turnout 254,003 100   22.8
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2014: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin 94,035 53.2   5.4
Democratic Timothy H. Bishop (Incumbent) 78,722 44.6   7.6
Majority 15,313 8.6   4.3
Turnout 176,719 100   30.4
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2016: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin (Incumbent) 188,499 55.2   2.0
Democratic Anna Throne-Holst 135,278 39.6   5.0
Majority 53,221 15.6   7.0
Turnout 341,554 100   93.3
U.S. House of Representatives election, 2018: New York District 1
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Lee Zeldin (Incumbent) 130,919 52.5   2.7
Democratic Perry Gershon 112,343 45.0   5.4
Majority 18,576 7.5   8.1
Turnout 249,582 100   73.1

Living former membersEdit

As of May 2017, there are four living former members from the district. The most recent to die was William Carney (who served 1979–1987) on May 23, 2017.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
George J. Hochbrueckner 1987–1995 (1938-09-20) September 20, 1938 (age 81)
Michael Forbes 1995–2001 (1952-07-16) July 16, 1952 (age 67)
Felix Grucci 2001–2003 (1951-11-25) November 25, 1951 (age 67)
Tim Bishop 2003–2015 (1950-06-01) June 1, 1950 (age 69)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 2004 margin was <1%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ "New York Redistricting—District One". New York Redistricting. The New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. ISBN 9780313264825.
  5. ^ Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. ISBN 9780313264825.
  6. ^ Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. ISBN 9780313264825.