New York's 2nd congressional district
New York's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives along the South Shore of Long Island, New York. It includes southwestern Suffolk County and a small portion of southeastern Nassau County. Peter T. King has been representing the district since 2013. King announced in November 2019 that he will not run for re-election in 2020.
|New York's 2nd congressional district|
New York's 2nd congressional district since January 3, 2013
Nassau County communities in the 2nd district include Levittown, North Wantagh, Seaford, South Farmingdale and Massapequa. Suffolk County communities include Amityville, Copiague, Lindenhurst, Gilgo, West Babylon, Wyandanch, North Babylon, Babylon, Baywood, Brentwood, Brightwaters, Central Islip, Islip, Great River, Ocean Beach, Oakdale, West Sayville, Bohemia, West Islip and Ronkonkoma.
From 2003 to 2013 it included all of the town of Huntington and parts of the towns of Babylon, Islip and Smithtown in Suffolk County as well as part of the town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County. It comprised such communities as Bay Shore, Brentwood, Central Islip, Commack, Deer Park, Dix Hills, Huntington, Melville, North Amityville, Northport, Oakdale, Plainview, Ronkonkoma, Sayville and Wyandanch. Much of this area is now the 3rd congressional district, while most of the territory currently in the 2nd district was located in the 3rd district.
According to the APM Research Lab's Voter Profile Tools (featuring the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey), the district contained about 512,000 potential voters (citizens, age 18+). Of these, 68% are White, 17% Latino, and 10% Black. Immigrants make up 15% of the district's potential voters. Median income among households (with one or more potential voter) in the district is about $109,400. As for the educational attainment of potential voters in the district, 32% hold a bachelor's or higher degree.
|Election results from presidential races|
List of members representing the districtEdit
1789–1805: one seatEdit
|Pro-Administration||March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1793
|Elected in 1789.|
Re-elected in 1790.
|Pro-Administration||March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
|3rd||Elected in 1793.|
|March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1801
|Elected in 1794.|
Re-elected in 1796.
Re-elected in 1798.
Samuel L. Mitchill
|March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
|7th||Elected in 1800.|
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
|Federalist||March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1805
|8th||Elected in 1802.|
1805–1809: Two seats on general ticket with 3rd districtEdit
Gurdon S. Mumford is usually[by whom?] listed as member from the 2nd district, and George Clinton Jr. from the 3rd district, because Clinton was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the election of Mitchill to the U.S. Senate, and Mitchill had been elected previously in the 3rd district. However, in 1804 Mitchill was already re-elected on the 2nd/3rd general ticket, and both Clinton and Mumford were elected in special elections, receiving votes in both districts.
|Years||Seat A||Seat B|
|Representative||Party||Electoral history||Representative||Party||Electoral history|
|March 4, 1805 –
March 3, 1809
|Gurdon S. Mumford||Democratic-
|Daniel D. Tompkins was elected in 1804 but declined the seat when appointed to the New York Supreme Court.
Elected to begin Tompkins's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
George Clinton Jr.
|Samuel L. Mitchill (previously of the 3rd district) was re-elected in 1804 but resigned November 22, 1804 when elected U.S. Senator.|
Elected to begin Mitchell's term.
Re-elected in 1806.
The districts were separated again, and a second seat was added to the 2nd district.
The districts were separated in 1809.
1809–1823: two seatsEdit
From 1809 to 1823, two seats were apportioned to the second district, elected at-large on a general ticket.
1823–present: one seatEdit
Recent election resultsEdit
New York election law allows for fusion voting, where a candidate can run as a member of multiple parties. The pooled vote totals for candidates are listed first, and the split of the votes among the parties they ran as is listed beneath. See below for blank, void, and scattering notes.*
|2000||Steve Israel||90,438||48%||Joan B. Johnson||65,880||35%||Robert Walsh||Right to Life||11,224||6%|
|Democratic||90,438||Republican||65,880||Richard N. Thompson||Conservative||10,824||6%|
|David A. Bishop||10,266||5%|
|2002||Steve Israel||85,451||58%||Joseph P. Finley||59,117||40%||John Keenan||Green||1,558||1%|
|Working Families||1,974||Right to Life||5,106|
|2004||Steve Israel||161,593||67%||Richard Hoffmann||80,950||33%|
|2006||Steve Israel||105,276||70%||John W. Bugler||44,212||30%|
|2008||Steve Israel||161,279||67%||Frank J. Stalzer||79,641||33%|
|2010||Steve Israel||94,694||56%||John Gomez||72,115||43%||Anthony Tolda||CST||1,258||1%|
|2012||Vivianne Falcone||92,060||41%||Peter T. King||131,091||59%|
|2014||Patricia Maher||40,009||28%||Peter T. King||91,701||65%|
|2016||Du Wayne Gregory||110,938||38%||Peter T. King||181,506||62%|
|2018||Liuba Grechen Shirley||106,996||45%||Peter T. King||122,103||53%|
* Blank, void, and write-in candidate ("scattering") notes: In 2000, there were 37,596 BVS votes; in 2002, 14,087; in 2004, 40,937; and in 2006, 14,101. Since 2008, results were separated out, and there were 54,163 blank votes; 10 void ballots; and 12 votes cast for write-in candidates. In 2010, 7,104 were blank votes; 93 were void ballots; and thirty were votes cast for write-in candidates.
- "New York congressional districts by urban and rural population and land area". United States Census Bureau. June 8, 2017. Archived from the original on November 21, 2019. Retrieved November 21, 2019.
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Cochrane, Emily (November 11, 2019). "Peter King, Veteran New York Republican in House, Announces He Will Retire". The New York Times. New York City. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. p. 89. ISBN 9780313264825.
- Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. p. 247. ISBN 9780313264825.
- Parsons, Stanley B.; Dubin, Michael J.; Parsons, Karen Toombs (1990). United States Congressional Districts, 1883-1913. p. 382. ISBN 9780313264825.
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- New York State Board of Elections 2008 Election Results page
- New York State Board of Elections 2010 Election Results page
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
- National atlas congressional maps