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Arizona's 5th congressional district

Arizona's 5th congressional district is a congressional district located in the U.S. state of Arizona.

Arizona's 5th congressional district
Arizona US Congressional District 5 (since 2013).tif
Arizona's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Andy Biggs
RGilbert
Area1,423 sq mi (3,690 km2)
Distribution
  • 97.2% urban
  • 2.8% rural
Population (2015)789,400[1]
Median income$71,675[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+15[3]

The district contains Gilbert, Queen Creek, southern and eastern Chandler, and eastern Mesa. It is within eastern Maricopa County, and includes most of the East Valley.

It is currently represented by Republican Andy Biggs, who was elected in November 2016.

After redistricting in 2010, most of the 5th's territory became the 9th district, while the 5th included most of the territory in the old 6th district.

External links

Contents

HistoryEdit

Arizona picked up a fifth district after the 1980 Census. It covered most of the southeastern portion of the state, though the bulk of its population was located in the eastern half of Tucson. It was a Republican-leaning swing district, though a Democrat won it when it was first contested in 1982 before giving way to a Republican in 1984.

After the 2000 census, this district essentially became the 8th District, while most of the Maricopa County portion of the old 6th District became the new 5th District. This version of the 5th covered all of Tempe and Scottsdale and portions of Chandler, Mesa and the Ahwatukee section of Phoenix. Although Republicans outnumbered Democrats by about 40,000 voters, the 5th District was considered far less conservative than other suburban Phoenix districts. George W. Bush received 54% of the vote in this district in 2004 and home state candidate John McCain narrowly won the district in 2008 with 51.70% of the vote while Barack Obama received 47.17%.

After the 2010 census, this district mostly became the 9th District, while the 5th was reconfigured to take in most of the East Valley. This area had previously been the 1st District from 1951 to 2003 and the 6th District from 2003 to 2013. Like its predecessors, this district is heavily Republican.

Recent election results from statewide racesEdit

Year Office Winner
2000 President Bush 54 - 43%
2004 President Bush 54 - 45%
2008 President McCain 52 - 47%
2012 President Romney 64 - 35%
2016 President Trump 58 - 37%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Arizona began sending a fifth member to the House after the 1980 Census.

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Description and Counties[4][5][6]
 
James F. McNulty Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1985
98th Elected in 1982.
Lost re-election.
Southeast Arizona, including parts of Tucson:
Cochise, Greenlee, Graham (part), Pima (part), Pinal (part), Santa Cruz (part)
 
Jim Kolbe
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 2003
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
First elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
Southeast Arizona, including parts of Tucson:
Cochise, Graham (part), Pima (part), Pinal (part)
 
J. D. Hayworth
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2007
108th
109th
Redistricted from the 6th district.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Lost re-election.
 
Maricopa (part):
Parts of Metro Phoenix
 
Harry Mitchell
Democratic January 3, 2007 –
January 3, 2011
110th
111th
First elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
David Schweikert
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th First elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 6th district.
 
Matt Salmon
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
113th
114th
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Retired.
Maricopa (part):
Southeastern parts of Metro Phoenix
 
Andy Biggs
Republican January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
First elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.

Recent election resultsEdit

2002Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican J.D. Hayworth 103,870 61.17%
Democratic Chris Columbus 61,559 36.25%
Libertarian Warren Severin 4,383 2.58%
Majority 42,311 24.92%
Total votes 169,812 100.00
Republican hold

2004Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican J.D. Hayworth* 159,455 59.50%
Democratic Elizabeth Rogers 102,363 38.19%
Libertarian Michael Kielsky 6,189 2.31%
Majority 57,092 21.31%
Total votes 268,007 100.00
Republican hold

2006Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Harry Mitchell 101,838 50.41%
Republican J.D. Hayworth* 93,815 46.44%
Libertarian Warren Severin 6,357 3.15%
Majority 8,023 3.97%
Total votes 202,010 100.00
Democratic gain from Republican

2008Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Harry Mitchell* 149,033 53.16%
Republican David Schweikert 122,165 43.57%
Libertarian Warren Severin 9,158 3.27%
Majority 26,868 9.59%
Total votes 280,365 100.00
Democratic hold

2010Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Schweikert 110,374 52.00%
Democratic Harry Mitchell* 91,749 43.23%
Libertarian Nick Coons 10,127 4.77%
Majority 18,625 8.77%
Total votes 212,250 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic

2012Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Matt J. Salmon 183,470 67.19%
Democratic Spencer Morgan 89,589 32.81%
Majority 93,881 34.38%
Total votes 273,059 100.00
Republican hold

2014Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Matt J. Salmon 124,867 69.58%
Democratic James Woods 54,596 30.42%
Majority 70,271 39.2%
Total votes 179,463 100.00
Republican hold

2016Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Andy Biggs 205,184 64.10%
Democratic Talia Fuentes 114,940 35.90%
Majority 90,244 28.2%
Total votes 320,124 100
Republican hold

2018Edit

Arizona’s 5th Congressional District House Election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Andy Biggs 141,432 59.4%
Democratic Joan Greene 96,758 40.6%
Majority 44,674 18.8%
Total votes 238,190 100
Republican hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2017, there are five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Arizona's 5th congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was James F. McNulty, Jr. (served 1983-1985) on June 30, 2009.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Jim Kolbe 1985 - 2003 (1942-06-28) June 28, 1942 (age 77)
J. D. Hayworth 2003 - 2007 (1958-07-12) July 12, 1958 (age 61)
Harry Mitchell 2007 - 2011 (1940-07-18) July 18, 1940 (age 78)
David Schweikert 2011 - 2013 (1962-03-03) March 3, 1962 (age 57)
Matt Salmon 2013 - 2017 (1958-01-21) January 21, 1958 (age 61)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=04&cd=05
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts, 1789-1983. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1982.
  5. ^ Martis, Kenneth C., The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1989.
  6. ^ Congressional Directory: Browse 105th Congress Archived February 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 33°20′22″N 111°42′43″W / 33.33944°N 111.71194°W / 33.33944; -111.71194