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Pinal County is a county in the central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. According to U.S. Census Bureau estimates in 2018, the population of the county was 447,138,[1] making it Arizona's third-most populous county. The county seat is Florence. The county was founded in 1875.

Pinal County, Arizona
Second Pinal county courthouse.jpg
Seal of Pinal County, Arizona
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Pinal County
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of the United States highlighting Arizona
Arizona's location within the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 1, 1875
SeatFlorence
Largest citySan Tan Valley
Casa Grande (incorporated)
Area
 • Total5,374 sq mi (13,919 km2)
 • Land5,366 sq mi (13,898 km2)
 • Water8.6 sq mi (22 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2018)447,138
 • Density80/sq mi (30/km2)
Congressional districts1st, 3rd, 4th
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7
Websitewww.pinalcountyaz.gov

Pinal County contains parts of the Tohono Oʼodham Nation, the Gila River Indian Community and the San Carlos Apache Indian Reservation, as well as the entirety of the Ak-Chin Indian Community.

Pinal County is included in the Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area. Suburban growth southward from greater Phoenix has begun to spread into the northern parts of the county; similarly, growth northward from Tucson is spreading into the southern portions of the county. The Pinal County cities of Maricopa and Casa Grande, as well as many unincorporated areas, have shown accelerated growth patterns in recent years; such suburban development is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Pinal County was carved out of neighboring Maricopa County and Pima County on February 1, 1875 during the Eighth Legislature. In the August 18, 1899 issue of The Arizona Magazine, the name "Pinal" is said to come from the pine-clad mountains in the area.[2] Pinal County was the second fastest growing county in the U.S. between 2000 and 2010.[3]

In 2010 CNN Money named Pinal County as the 2nd fastest growing county in the USA.[4]

GeographyEdit

 
Picketpost Peak, a prominent landmark above Superior.
 
Spring wildflowers in the Sonoran Desert National Monument.
 
The Queen Creek Tunnel built in 1952

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,374 square miles (13,920 km2), of which 5,366 square miles (13,900 km2) is land and 8.6 square miles (22 km2) (0.2%) is water.[5]

Mountain rangesEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

National protected areasEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
18803,044
18904,25139.7%
19007,77983.0%
19109,04516.3%
192016,13078.3%
193022,08136.9%
194028,84130.6%
195043,19149.8%
196062,67345.1%
197067,9168.4%
198090,91833.9%
1990116,37928.0%
2000179,72754.4%
2010375,770109.1%
Est. 2018447,138[6]19.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2018[11]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 census, there were 179,727 people, 61,364 households, and 45,225 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km2). There were 81,154 housing units at an average density of 15/sq mi (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 70.42% White, 2.76% Black or African American, 7.81% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 15.66% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. 29.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.86% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.44% speak O'odham and 0.02% speak Apache.[12]

There were 61,364 households out of which 29.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.30% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 114.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,856, and the median income for a family was $39,548. Males had a median income of $31,544 versus $23,726 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,025. About 12.10% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty threshold, including 25.50% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 375,770 people, 125,590 households, and 92,157 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 70.0 inhabitants per square mile (27.0/km2). There were 159,222 housing units at an average density of 29.7 per square mile (11.5/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 72.4% white, 5.6% American Indian, 4.6% black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 11.5% from other races, and 3.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 28.5% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 16.9% were German, 10.6% were Irish, 9.5% were English, and 2.8% were American.[15]

Of the 125,590 households, 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families, and 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.21. The median age was 35.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $51,310 and the median income for a family was $56,299. Males had a median income of $45,082 versus $34,785 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,716. About 10.1% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 7.6% of those age 65 or over.[16]

PoliticsEdit

Before 2000, Pinal was very much a bellwether county in Presidential elections, having supported the winning candidate in every election between Arizona’s statehood in 1912 and 2004 except for that of 1968, when Hubert Humphrey won the county by 3.2 percentage points but lost to Richard M. Nixon. As a result of the urban sprawl from Phoenix spreading into the county, a major political reversal has taken place between it and neighboring Maricopa County since the turn of the millennium. With an increasing number of white conservative residents, Pinal voters now trend more Republican than traditionally conservative Maricopa County as of the 2016 election. Since 2008, Pinal has become a safely Republican county. Donald Trump carried the county by the second-largest margin for a Republican since statehood.

Presidential elections results
Pinal County vote
by party in presidential elections
[17][18]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 56.2% 72,819 37.0% 47,892 6.8% 8,835
2012 57.1% 62,079 40.8% 44,306 2.1% 2,297
2008 56.4% 59,421 42.0% 44,254 1.6% 1,723
2004 57.3% 37,006 42.2% 27,252 0.6% 364
2000 48.7% 20,122 47.6% 19,650 3.7% 1,518
1996 35.3% 13,034 53.1% 19,579 11.6% 4,282
1992 31.8% 11,669 42.1% 15,468 26.1% 9,602
1988 51.3% 14,966 47.5% 13,850 1.3% 364
1984 57.5% 16,464 41.7% 11,923 0.8% 232
1980 52.4% 12,195 39.6% 9,207 8.0% 1,856
1976 45.4% 9,354 51.4% 10,595 3.2% 655
1972 60.3% 10,584 36.5% 6,404 3.3% 571
1968 42.4% 6,883 45.6% 7,409 12.0% 1,954
1964 41.2% 6,956 58.7% 9,911 0.0% 5
1960 47.1% 6,441 52.9% 7,232 0.1% 11
1956 53.2% 5,762 46.7% 5,063 0.2% 17
1952 52.4% 4,985 47.6% 4,522
1948 37.9% 2,232 60.7% 3,572 1.4% 83
1944 38.5% 1,909 61.0% 3,026 0.4% 22
1940 31.1% 1,996 68.6% 4,411 0.3% 22
1936 25.0% 1,216 71.9% 3,498 3.2% 154
1932 23.9% 1,000 75.0% 3,137 1.1% 47
1928 53.4% 1,631 46.5% 1,419 0.1% 4
1924 40.9% 1,075 37.6% 988 21.6% 568
1920 54.2% 1,493 45.9% 1,264
1916 39.2% 855 56.5% 1,232 4.2% 92
1912 9.9% 80 43.7% 352 46.3% 373

GovernmentEdit

Salaries for county elected officials are set by the Arizona Revised Statutes. All county elected officials (except the Sheriff and the County Attorney) make a salary of $63,800, along with county benefits and compulsory participation in the Arizona State Elected Official Retirement Plan.[19]

EconomyEdit

As of 2010 the Corrections Corporation of America operated the privately owned Saguaro Correctional Center.[20] located in Eloy in Pinal County,[21] It is paid by the state of Hawaii to house the majority of Hawaii's male prison inmate population.[20]

CommunitiesEdit

 
Map of incorporated areas and Indian reservations in Pinal County
 
Native copper with cuprite from the Ray Mine near Kearny

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Ghost Towns in Pinal CountyEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

County population rankingEdit

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Pinal County.[22][23]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Population (2010 Census) Municipal type Incorporated
1 San Tan Valley 81,321 CDP
2 Casa Grande 48,751 City 1879 (founded)
3 Maricopa 43,482 City 2003
4 Apache Junction (partially in Maricopa County) 35,840 City 1978
5 Marana (mostly in Pima County) 34,961 Town 1977
6 Queen Creek (partially in Maricopa County) 26,361 Town 1990
7 Florence 25,536 Town 1900[24]
8 Eloy 16,631 City 1949
9 Coolidge 11,825 City 1945
10 Arizona City 10,475 CDP
11 Gold Canyon 10,159 CDP
12 Saddlebrooke 9,614 CDP
13 Oracle 3,686 CDP
14 San Manuel 3,551 CDP
15 Superior 2,837 Town 1976
16 Sacaton 2,672 CDP
17 Red Rock 2,169 CDP
18 Kearny 1,950 Town 1959
19 Mammoth 1,426 Town 1958
20 Casa Blanca 1,388 CDP
21 Dudleyville 959 CDP
22 Ak-Chin Village 862 CDP
23 Queen Valley 788 CDP
24 Stanfield 740 CDP
25 Blackwater 725 CDP
26 Stotonic Village 659 CDP
27 Cactus Forest 594 CDP
28 Sacaton Flats Village 541 CDP
29 Upper Santan Village 495 CDP
30 Goodyear Village 457 CDP
31 Lower Santan Village 374 CDP
32 Winkelman (partially in Gila County) 353 Town
33 Chuichu 269 CDP
34 Top-of-the-World (partially in Gila County) 231 CDP
35 Wet Camp Village 229 CDP
36 Sacate Village 169 CDP
37 Vaiva Vo 128 CDP
38 Sweet Water Village 83 CDP
39 Campo Bonito 74 CDP
40 Santa Cruz 37 CDP
41 Kohatk 27 CDP
42 Tat Momoli 10 CDP

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?src=CF
  2. ^ Granger, Byrd Howell (1983). Arizona's Names (X Marks the Place). Tucson, AZ: The Falconer Publishing Company. p. 483. ISBN 0918080185.
  3. ^ "PopulationDistributionandChange:2000to2010" (PDF). UnitedStatesCensusBureau. March 2011. p. 9. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  4. ^ "Fastest Growing U.S. Counties". CNN Money. June 21, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 23, 2012. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  11. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  12. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2012.
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-20.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-12.
  18. ^ Scammon, Richard M. (compiler); America at the Polls: A Handbook of Presidential Election Statistics 1920-1964; pp. 42-44 ISBN 0405077114
  19. ^ "Arizona Revised Statutes". Azleg.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  20. ^ a b Brady, Kat. "Using private prisons costs more than it seems." (editorial) Honolulu Star Advertiser. June 18, 2010. Retrieved on September 29, 2010.
  21. ^ "Saguaro Correctional Center." Corrections Corporation of America. Retrieved on September 30, 2010.
  22. ^ https://www.census.gov/2010census/
  23. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/maps/block/2010/
  24. ^ http://www.leagueaz.org/lgd/index.cfm?area=main&cid=25

External linksEdit