Matt Gaetz

Matthew Louis Gaetz II (/ˈɡts/ GAYTS; born May 7, 1982) is an American lawyer and politician who has served as the U.S. representative for Florida's 1st congressional district since 2017. A Republican, he became one of the foremost congressional allies of President Donald Trump.[citation needed]

Matt Gaetz
Matt Gaetz, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 1st district
Assumed office
January 3, 2017
Preceded byJeff Miller
Member of the Florida House of Representatives
from the 4th district
In office
April 13, 2010 – November 8, 2016
Preceded byRay Sansom
Succeeded byMel Ponder
Personal details
Matthew Louis Gaetz II

(1982-05-07) May 7, 1982 (age 39)
Hollywood, Florida, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Domestic partnerGinger Luckey (2020; engaged)[1]
ParentsDon Gaetz
Victoria Quertermous
EducationFlorida State University (BS)
William & Mary Law School (JD)
WebsiteHouse website

The son of prominent Florida politician Don Gaetz, Gaetz was raised in Fort Walton Beach, Florida. After graduating from the William & Mary Law School, he briefly worked in private practice before running for state representative. He served in the Florida House of Representatives from 2010 until 2016, and received national attention during the aftermath of the shooting of Trayvon Martin in 2012. In 2016, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, and was reelected in 2018 and 2020.

Gaetz has been the subject of numerous controversies during his time in public life. In March 2021, it was reported that the Department of Justice was investigating Gaetz for engaging in sex trafficking after an alleged sexual relationship with a 17-year-old.[2][3] It is suspected Gaetz engaged in these activities alongside Joel Greenberg, the former tax collector of Seminole County. Gaetz has consistently denied the anonymous allegations and claims he is the victim of extortion.[3][4]

Early life and education

Matthew L. Gaetz II was born on May 7, 1982, in Hollywood, Florida, to Victoria Quertermous and Don Gaetz, who later became a prominent local politician.[5][6][7] Gaetz grew up near Fort Walton Beach, and graduated from Niceville High School in 2000.[8][9] He graduated from Florida State University in 2003 with a Bachelor of Science in interdisciplinary sciences and then earned a Juris Doctor from the William & Mary Law School in 2007.[10][11] Gaetz was admitted to the Florida Bar on February 6, 2008.[12]

Gaetz's father represented parts of Northwest Florida as a member of the Florida State Senate from 2006 to 2016 and was Senate president from 2012 to 2014. Gaetz's grandfather, Stanley Jerome (Jerry) Gaetz, was the mayor of Rugby, North Dakota, and a candidate for lieutenant governor of North Dakota at the 1964 North Dakota Republican Party state convention, where he died of a heart attack.[13] Gaetz is named for his great-grandfather Matthias Louis Gaetz, and is a descendant of Phillip Goetz, who arrived from Germany to Minnesota after 1838.[14]

After graduating from William & Mary Law School,[15] Gaetz worked at the law firm Keefe, Anchors & Gordon (now AnchorsGordon)[16] in Fort Walton Beach.[17]

Florida House of Representatives

Gaetz with Rick Scott in 2010

In March 2010, following Republican state representative Ray Sansom's resignation on corruption charges in February 2010,[18] Gaetz ran in the special election to succeed Sansom in the 4th district, which included southern Santa Rosa County and Okaloosa County.[19] In a crowded Republican primary that included Craig Barker, Kabe Woods, Jerry G. Melvin, and Bill Garvie, Gaetz won with 43% of the vote.[19] In the special general election, Gaetz defeated Democratic nominee Jan Fernald with 66% of the vote.[20] During his campaign, Gaetz received almost $480,000 in contributions, about five times more than anyone else in the field, and almost 50 times more than Fernald, including $100,000 of his own money.[17]

Gaetz was unopposed for a full term in 2010.[21] In 2012, following the reconfiguration of Florida House of Representatives districts, Gaetz's district no longer contained any of Santa Rosa County. He was reelected unopposed in 2012[22] and 2014.[23]

While serving in the state house, Gaetz and State Senator Joe Negron proposed legislation that would hasten the execution of many inmates on Florida's death row by requiring the governor to sign a death warrant for those who had exhausted their appeals.[24] He also joined State Senator Greg Evers in proposing legislation to eliminate the federal ethanol content mandate that 10% of gasoline sold in Florida contain ethanol;[25][26] Governor Rick Scott signed the legislation in May 2013.[27]

Gaetz was one of two members to vote against a Florida bill against revenge porn in 2015, after having successfully blocked the bill previously.[28]

Following George Zimmerman's trial for the shooting of Trayvon Martin, Florida House Speaker Will Weatherford announced that he would order hearings on the stand-your-ground law that was a focal point of the trial.[29] Gaetz, the chairman of the Criminal Justice Subcommittee, was tasked with reviewing the legislation; he announced before hearings that he would not support changing "one damn comma", but said he would listen to both sides' testimony.[30] After the hearings, he authored legislation to allow defendants who successfully used a stand-your-ground defense during trial to be able to expunge relevant information from their criminal records.[31]

When his subcommittee was considering legislation that would keep suspects' mugshots off the Internet until their convictions, Gaetz brought up his 2008 arrest and non-conviction, arguing that his mistakes made him who he is and that publicly available mugshots "could be a problem for those unaccustomed to publicity."[32]

U.S. House of Representatives


In 2013, Gaetz announced that, in 2016, he would run for the 1st District state senate seat then held by his father, Don Gaetz, who would be term-limited out of the Senate in 2016.[33] On March 21, 2016, Gaetz withdrew from the race, choosing instead to run for the U.S. House seat representing Florida's 1st congressional district; the incumbent, Jeff Miller, had announced 11 days earlier that he would not seek reelection.[34]

On August 30, 2016, Gaetz won the Republican primary with 35.7% of the vote, defeating Greg Evers (21.5%), Cris Dosev (20.6%), and five other candidates.[35] This virtually assured Gaetz of victory in the general election; with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+22, the 1st is Florida's most Republican district, and one of the most Republican in the nation.

In the November 8 general election, Gaetz defeated Democratic nominee Steven Specht with 69% of the vote.[36] He is only the seventh person to represent this district since 1933 (the district was numbered the 3rd before 1963).

Though a financial disclosure form Gaetz filed in 2016 showed a net worth of $388,000, he donated $200,000 of his own money to his congressional campaign. He also resigned from two Florida House political action committees he had started and chaired; the PACs closed down and transferred $380,000 to a federal super-PAC, North Florida Neighbors, whose purpose was to support Gaetz's congressional campaign.[17]


Matt Gaetz speaking at a celebration for the completion of the US 98 interchange

On September 25, 2016, following the death of Miami Marlins pitcher José Fernández, Gaetz criticized the athletes protesting during the national anthem in a tweet.[37][38]

Gaetz was listed as a member of the moderate Republican Main Street Partnership from at least January to June 2017.[39][40][41]

After the 2020 State of the Union Address, Gaetz filed an ethics complaint against Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, claiming she had committed a "flagrant violation of decorum" and perhaps broken the law when she ripped up her copy of the speech.[42]

In February 2020, Gaetz announced that he will no longer accept campaign contributions from federal political action committees.[43]

Committee assignments

Caucus memberships

Political positions

Gaetz speaking at a Turning Point USA event in 2020

Gaetz has self-identified as a libertarian populist.[47] His views have also been described as nationalist.[48] The Times of Israel called him "a far-right figure who is close to Donald Trump."[49]


Gaetz has introduced legislation to reclassify cannabis from Schedule I to Schedule III under the Controlled Substances Act.[50][51] He has also introduced legislation to loosen federal restrictions on the cultivation of cannabis for research purposes.[52][53] Gaetz has criticized the federal government for having "lied to the American people for a generation" about cannabis's medical benefits.[54] As a member of the Florida House, he sponsored a bill, eventually signed into law,[55] to expand the state's Right to Try Act to include the medical use of cannabis.[56][57] In September 2017, Gaetz keynoted the American Medical Marijuana Physicians Association's annual conference.[58]

In November 2019, Gaetz was one of only two Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee to vote for the Marijuana Opportunity Reinvestment and Expungement (MORE) Act, which among other reforms would remove cannabis from the Controlled Substances Act.[59] He was also the only Republican cosponsor of the bill (of 55 cosponsors) at the time of its passage.[60] Gaetz has introduced the STATES Act to prevent federal interference in states that have legalized cannabis for medical or recreational purposes.[61] Gaetz has said he has had multiple conversations with President Trump about cannabis policy.[62]

Donald Trump

Gaetz speaking at a Donald Trump event in June 2020

On February 23, 2017, worried about protesters disrupting his speaking at his town hall in Pace, Florida, Gaetz prepared what his staffers called a nonverbal town hall. He printed out part of his speech onto giant boards that he would hold up if he was unable to speak.[63] Gaetz arrived 30 minutes late to the meeting, where he faced at least 500 constituents crowded into a bowling alley. At the meeting he was questioned about his relationship with Trump, his stance on repealing the Affordable Care Act, and his proposal to abolish the Environmental Protection Agency. He said that Trump should release his tax returns, but stopped short of saying Congress should subpoena them. Gaetz closed his town hall by shouting Trump's 2016 campaign slogan, "Make America Great Again".[64][65][66]

In April 2018, Politico called Gaetz "one of the most enthusiastic defenders of President Trump on cable news" and a "proud Trump protégé".[67] Aaron Blake of The Washington Post called him one of Congress's "most controversial members", and one who has "unabashedly aligned himself with Trump on basically all things."[68][69]

In May 2018 Gaetz was one of 18 House Republicans to vote to nominate Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize for his role in peace talks with North Korea.[70][71]

Appearing on The View shortly before Trump associate Roger Stone was sentenced, Gaetz said he would support a pardon for Stone.[72]

Gaetz is a member of the House Judiciary Committee, but not of the Intelligence, Foreign Affairs, or Oversight and Reform Committees, and so was not allowed to join lawmakers' closed-door deposition of former White House Russia aide Fiona Hill in October 2019. He told reporters that, since his committee oversees impeachment, he should have been allowed to be part of depositions related to the Trump impeachment inquiry.[73]

The New York Times reported in April 2021 that during the final weeks of Trump's presidency, Gaetz privately asked the White House for preemptive blanket pardons for himself and some unnamed congressional allies for any crimes they may have committed, though it was not immediately clear what crimes or people were involved.[74] The White House reportedly never seriously considered the request because it was decided preemptive pardons would set a bad precedent.[75][76][74] The Times reported aides told Trump of the request, but Trump denied Gaetz asked him for a pardon and noted that Gaetz "totally denied the accusations against him".[77] On April 8, 2021, Maggie Haberman of The New York Times told CNN's New Day that Trump wanted to defend Gaetz but was told to stand down due the allegations' seriousness.[78] On April 3, The Daily Beast reported that Trump said the allegations were "really bad" for Gaetz but could also be a "smear".[79]


Gaetz voted for the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017.[80] He acknowledged that the bill's pass-through tax deduction would benefit Trump, but added, "so many Americans benefit when commercial real estate becomes easier and more accessible."[81]


In 2016, Gaetz acknowledged global warming but said he disagrees with the scientific consensus on climate change that human activity is the primary cause.[82] In April 2017, the Center for American Progress and Vice Media said Gaetz was a climate change denier, citing his 2016 statements.[83][84]

In January 2017, Gaetz proposed legislation to abolish the Environmental Protection Agency, claiming that it hurts small businesses via the costs associated with compliance.[26][85]

In November 2017, Gaetz joined the bipartisan Climate Solutions Caucus.[86][87] He said he advocated technological innovation and economic incentives that address climate change, and increased federal funds for global warming research by NASA, NOAA and universities, but remained opposed to increased environmental regulation.[88]

In 2019, Gaetz introduced the bipartisan Super Pollutants Act, which aimed to slow climate change by regulating greenhouses gases, especially black carbon, hydrofluorocarbons, and methane. A press release stated, "These short-lived climate pollutants, also called super pollutants, are significantly more potent than carbon dioxide."[89]

Foreign policy

Gaetz speaks with Secretary of Defense James Mattis in October 2017


Gaetz with Israeli president Reuven Rivlin in May 2018

In December 2017, Gaetz supported Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital, and said that the move would pressure Palestine to recognize Israel.


In April 2019, after the House passed a resolution withdrawing American support for the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, Gaetz was one of nine lawmakers to sign a letter to Trump requesting a meeting with him and urging him to sign Senate Joint Resolution 7, which invokes the War Powers Act of 1973, to end unauthorized US military participation in the Saudi-led coalition's armed conflict against Houthi forces in Yemen.[90]


In 2021, Gaetz was one of 14 House Republicans to vote against a measure condemning the Myanmar coup d'état that overwhelmingly passed, for reasons reported to be unclear.[91]

Gun policy

Former National Rifle Association president Marion Hammer called Gaetz "one of the most pro-gun members to have ever served in the Florida Legislature."[92] Gaetz is a lifetime member of the NRA,[92] and has an A+ rating from it.[93]

When Gaetz served in the Florida House of Representatives, he led an unsuccessful effort to allow Floridians with concealed-weapons permits to carry those weapons openly in public.[94] In lobbying for the bill, he said that the open carry of weapons was a right "granted not by government but by God."[95][96] Gaetz supports Florida's stand-your-ground law and supported legislation that strengthened it against legal challenges.[97] He also supports concealed carry reciprocity.[97]

Health care

In October 2017, Gaetz claimed that the Medicaid expansion permitted by the Affordable Care Act fueled the opioid crisis.[98] PolitiFact rated the claim "mostly false", noting that "experts were universal in saying that the evidence that Medicaid expansion is somehow fueling the opioid crisis doesn't exist."[98]

Human trafficking

On December 19, 2017, Gaetz was the only representative to vote against the Combating Human Trafficking in Commercial Vehicles Act, a bill allocating additional government resources to help combat human trafficking.[99][100][101] Gaetz later explained that his vote was due to his small government principles and his belief that existing federal agencies could adequately combat human trafficking.[101][102]

On February 27, 2018, Gaetz and 24 others voted against the Allow States and Victims to Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act, which had by then been combined with the Stop Enabling Sex Traffickers Act. It passed, 388–25.[103]


Gaetz opposes sanctuary cities, which opt not to dedicate local law enforcement resources to prosecuting people solely for being undocumented.[104] Upon announcing his run for Congress in 2016, he said that illegal immigrants were "sucking us dry."[105] In January 2018, Gaetz defended a statement by Trump that Haiti and African nations were "shithole" countries, saying that Haiti was covered by "sheet metal and garbage" and in "disgusting" condition.[106]

In October 2018, Gaetz falsely claimed that George Soros paid for a caravan of migrants from Central America to the United States.[107]

LGBT rights

As a Florida state representative in 2015, Gaetz and Representative David Richardson sponsored an amendment to repeal Florida's ban on adoptions by same-sex couples.[108] He also persuaded his father, in the Florida State Senate, to support the repeal.[109]

After the U.S. Supreme Court decided Obergefell v. Hodges in 2015, legalizing same-sex marriage nationwide, Gaetz said he disagreed with the court's ruling. He said each state should have the right to decide for itself whether to allow same-sex marriage. The decision was an example of "judicial activism" that posed "a threat to our democracy", he said.[110]

During the 116th Congress, Gaetz voted against the Equality Act.[111]

Mueller investigation

In November 2017, Gaetz introduced a congressional resolution calling for Robert Mueller to recuse himself as special counsel because of what were said to be conflicts of interest.[112] He also asked for a special counsel investigation into the Federal Bureau of Investigation's handling of the Hillary Clinton email controversy, undue interference by U.S. Attorney General Loretta Lynch in the investigation, and the Russian state corporation Rosatom's acquisition of Uranium One during Mueller's time as FBI director.[113][114] Gaetz said he did not trust Mueller to lead the investigation because of Mueller's alleged involvement in approval of the Uranium One deal and alleged close relationship with dismissed FBI director James Comey, a probable person of interest in a proposed new investigation.[115][116]

After Ohio congressman Jim Jordan denied that he was aware of the sexual abuse of Ohio State University wrestlers during the period when Jordan was a coach there,[117] Gaetz said that the allegations came from people in the deep state and were intended to reduce the credibility of Jordan's criticism of Mueller's investigation of the Trump campaign and Russia.[118][119]

Gaetz said of then-U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions that "over at the Department of Justice, he's got Stockholm syndrome, he's become sympathetic with his captors over there in the Deep State."[120]

During Mueller's testimony to two congressional committees on July 24, 2019, Gaetz told him, "if Russians were lying to Christopher Steele to undermine our confidence in our newly elected president, that would be precisely in your purview because you stated in your opening that the organizing principle was to fully and thoroughly investigate Russian interference. But you weren't interested in whether the Russians interfered through Steele—and if Steele was lying, then you should have charged him with lying like you charged a variety of other people."[121]


Crowdsourcing a resolution with r/The_Donald

In its July–August 2017 issue, Foreign Policy reported that Devin Murphy, a Gaetz legislative aide, had written a resolution that Gaetz brought to the House Judiciary Committee, and that the resolution primarily used content from r/The_Donald, "a pro-Trump subreddit notorious for both its embrace of conspiracy theories and its gleeful offensiveness."[122] The r/The_Donald posters' suggestions are represented in "roughly two-thirds of the total finished amendment."[123]

One of the allegations was that James Comey had leaked investigative matters to New York Times reporter Michael S. Schmidt, beginning when Schmidt was around 10 years old.[122] In an email to Wired magazine, Gaetz said, "It is the responsibility of our staff to gather as much information as possible when researching a subject and provide that information for consideration. We pride ourselves on seeking as much citizen input as possible."[123]

Charles C. Johnson

In January 2018, Gaetz invited alt-right Holocaust denier Charles C. Johnson to attend Trump's State of the Union address.[124] Gaetz said that he had no preexisting relationship with Johnson and invited him to attend only when Johnson showed up at his office, giving him the ticket that Gaetz's father could not use due to an illness. According to Johnson, he was invited by several members of Congress but took Gaetz's invitation because "he's into stuff on the issues that I care about."[125] Johnson previously raised money for the neo-Nazi website The Daily Stormer.[126] Gaetz defended Johnson in an interview, saying that Johnson was neither a Holocaust denier nor a white supremacist.[124]

Michael Cohen

On February 26, 2019, the night before the scheduled public hearing of Michael Cohen, Trump's former personal attorney, before the House Oversight Committee, Gaetz directed a tweet to Cohen that implied without evidence that Cohen had had multiple extramarital affairs and also suggested his wife might be unfaithful while he was imprisoned due to new information disclosed to her.[68] Other members of Congress saw the tweet as an attempt to intimidate a witness.[127][128] Gaetz initially defended his tweet, saying it was part of "witness testing, not witness tampering" and "I don't threaten anybody." Asked to clarify, he said his "tweet speaks for itself".[129][130] After sharp criticism from other members of Congress and an implicit rebuke by Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi,[131][132] Gaetz deleted the tweet and posted a tweet in which he apologized.[130][128][133]

Despite not being a member of the House Oversight Committee,[130] Gaetz appeared at Cohen's hearing, stating that he wanted to observe and ask questions.[134] During the hearing, U.S. Virgin Islands Delegate Stacey Plaskett, a member of the Oversight Committee, recommended that Gaetz be referred to both the House Ethics Committee and criminal prosecutors for witness intimidation and tampering.[132][135] After the hearing, Gaetz reportedly texted an apology to Cohen, who thanked him for the apology.[136]

The Florida Bar opened an investigation into Gaetz for the tweet,[137][138] as did the House Ethics Committee.[139] In August 2019, the Florida Bar announced it had found no probable cause that Gaetz had violated its rules.[140]

Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility

In October 2019, Gaetz organized a "storming" of a Sensitive Compartmented Information Facility on Capitol Hill by about two dozen Republican congressmen, including House minority whip Steve Scalise, in an effort to sit in on and hear the deposition of a Pentagon official during the impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump. The congressmen's cell phones and other devices put the secure facility, and U.S. national security, at risk.[141][142][143]

One committee member said, "It was the closest thing I've seen around here to mass civil unrest as a member of Congress."[144][145] House Homeland Security Committee chairman Bennie Thompson of Mississippi wrote to the House sergeant-at-arms about Gaetz and others, requesting that he take action regarding their "unprecedented breach of security". South Carolina's senior U.S. senator, Lindsey Graham, admonished the House members, calling them "nuts" for having made a "run on the SCIF."[146][143] Ohio representative Jim Jordan said, "The members have just had it, and they want to be able to see and represent their constituents and find out what's going on."[143] A day later, Jordan appeared on Fox News to justify the intrusion, saying of the chair of the committee: "Adam Schiff is doing this unfair, partisan process in secret and our members finally said, 'Enough'. We're so frustrated. They reached a boiling point and these guys marched in and said we want to know what's going on."[146] In the 116th Congress, Pelosi, who is a committee member ex officio, appointed Schiff and 12 Democratic members of the House Intelligence Committee.[147] House minority leader Kevin McCarthy, also an ex officio member, appointed the ranking member, Devin Nunes, and eight other Republicans to the committee.[148] Each side got equal time to question witnesses.[144] The disruption delayed Deputy Assistant Defense Secretary Laura Cooper's testimony by many hours.[142][143]


In early March 2020, Gaetz wore a gas mask during a House debate on funds to combat the COVID-19 pandemic.[149] Gaetz has claimed that wearing the gas mask was not an act of mockery but a way of "demonstrating his concern."[150] Several journalists characterized the decision as a stunt.[151][152][153] A few days later, on March 9, his office reported that Gaetz had been in contact with a Conservative Political Action Conference attendee who tested positive for COVID-19. As a result, Gaetz was placed under self-quarantine for 14 days.[150] On March 10, he said his test was negative, but that he would stay under self-quarantine until the 14-day period ended on March 12.[154]

On April 14, Gaetz said the Wuhan Institute of Virology "birthed a monster", a reference to the unsubstantiated conspiracy theory that Chinese scientists deliberately engineered COVID-19 as a bioweapon.[155] He also falsely claimed that the National Institutes of Health gave the Institute a $3.7 million grant. The U.S.-based EcoHealth Alliance that worked with the Institute under a grant the Trump administration approved eventually had that funding withdrawn.[155]

After Politico reported on November 7 that Gaetz had tested positive for COVID-19, he texted Politico "I have tested positive for antibodies" and "I have no live virus". He said he had no symptoms and was not sure when he had contracted the disease.[156]

On December 4, Gaetz attended an indoor New York Young Republicans Club conference in Jersey City, New Jersey, during a period of surging COVID-19 cases throughout the state and the country. He was seen posing for photos in a crowd of unmasked attendees, prompting New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy and Jersey City Mayor Steven Fulop to publicly condemn him. Gaetz and other GOP members mocked Democrats and their COVID-19 regulations on social media. Murphy also said state officials were investigating whether the event violated the state's COVID-19 regulations.[157]


On June 1, 2020, during the nationwide George Floyd protests, Gaetz tweeted, "Now that we clearly see antifa as terrorists, can we hunt them down like we do those in the Middle East?" In response, Twitter hid the tweet and labeled it as "[violating] the Twitter Rules about glorifying violence". Gaetz called the label a "badge of honor", accused Twitter of enabling Antifa, and again said that "[o]ur government should hunt [Antifa] down".[158]

On August 26, 2020, Gaetz posted: "The mob wants to destroy America. We need PATRIOTS who will defend her" in support of Kyle Rittenhouse, a 17-year-old from Antioch, Illinois, who traveled to Kenosha, Wisconsin, where he shot and killed two people and injured another during the protests of the Jacob Blake shooting. Rittenhouse was arrested and charged with first-degree intentional homicide.[159][160][161]


In April 2020, Politico reported that Gaetz had spent nearly $200,000 of taxpayer funds renting an office from Collier Merrill, a Pensacola real estate developer and restaurateur and longtime friend, adviser, campaign donor, and legal client.[162] Gaetz and Merrill separately told Politico that Gaetz paid below-market rent for the space, but Gaetz later said that the rent was "at or below market rate."[163] House rules explicitly disallow below-market rentals, and require that parties to such leases "have [not] had, [n]or continue to have, a professional or legal relationship (except as a landlord and tenant)."[162] On July 1, 2020, the Office of Congressional Ethics notified Gaetz it had terminated its review of the lease arrangements.[164]

In July 2020, Politico reported that its investigation had found expenditures by Gaetz that appeared to violate the House ethics rules: spending tens of thousands of dollars for a speechwriting consultant, and having a private company install a television studio in his father's home in Niceville, Florida, which Gaetz uses when he appears on television.[165]

Gaetz's office acknowledged that he spent $28,000 on speechwriting services, which is prohibited by House rules except in special circumstances and with prior approval from congressional officials, but said that it was a clerical error that it would fix.[166][167] Of the television studio, Gaetz said that the company received $100 per month from his office, an amount not reported in his Congressional spending records, and also charged television networks each time a network connected to the studio.[165] A statement from Gaetz's office said the arrangement complied with House rules, and that during the setup process, his office consulted with the House Ethics Committee and the House Administration Committee.[167]

In late February 2021, Gaetz and a dozen other Republican House members skipped votes and enlisted others to vote for them, citing the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. But he and the other members were actually attending the Conservative Political Action Conference, which was held at the same time as their absences.[168] In response, the Campaign for Accountability, an ethics watchdog group, filed a complaint with the House Committee on Ethics and requested an investigation into Gaetz and the other lawmakers.[169]

2021 storming of the United States Capitol

On January 7, 2021, after a pro-Trump mob attacked the Capitol, Gaetz falsely said there was "pretty compelling evidence from a facial recognition company showing that some of the people who breached the Capitol today were not Trump supporters" but were rather "masquerading as Trump supporters, and in fact were members of the violent terrorist group antifa". Gaetz acknowledged during his speech on the House floor that he did not know "if the reports are true." Gaetz's suggestion that "antifa" was to blame for the attack on the Capitol is false and baseless.[170][171]

Joel Valdez, a senior communications aide to Gaetz, posted a video on Parler hours before the storming of the Capitol with the caption "From the top of the Capitol office buildings, WE HEAR YOU LOUD AND CLEAR! #StopTheSteal".[172]

Federal investigations into sex trafficking

In March 2021, The New York Times reported that three unnamed sources had revealed the Department of Justice was investigating Gaetz for having a sexual relationship with a 17-year-old girl in 2019 and whether he may have violated federal sex trafficking laws by paying her to travel with him across state lines. Two of the sources stated the investigation was initiated under Attorney General William Barr.[2] The story appeared shortly after Axios reported that Gaetz was "seriously considering not seeking re-election and possibly leaving Congress early for a job at Newsmax".[173] According to CNN, a person briefed on the matter said investigators also examined whether Gaetz used campaign money in his relationships with young women for travel and expenses and whether cash and drugs were involved.[174]

Federal investigators are looking into Gaetz's September 2018 trip to the Bahamas.[3] CBS News reported on April 8, 2021, that Gaetz was joined on the trip by marijuana entrepreneur and hand surgeon Jason Pirozzolo, who allegedly paid for travel expenses, accommodations, and female escorts. Investigators were reportedly trying to determine whether the escorts were sexually trafficked for Gaetz. Investigators are also looking into whether Gaetz was accepting paid escorts in exchange for political access or legislative favors for Pirozzolo, who at the time was the co-founder and chairman of the board of the Medical Marijuana Physicians Association. Gaetz made two speeches for the organization while in Congress, and Pirozzolo gave two separate donations of $1,000 to Gaetz's campaign arm "Friends of Matt Gaetz" in March 2016 and May 2017.[175] A spokeswoman for Gaetz denied the new allegations.[176]

Investigators believe former Seminole County tax collector Joel Greenberg, who was indicted in August 2020 on an array of charges related to sex trafficking, met women through a website for sex and introduced them to Gaetz, who also had sex with them.[2] Evidence including mobile payment receipts reportedly suggesting Gaetz had illegally exchanged money for sex, such as May 2018 Venmo transaction records showing Gaetz sending $900 to Greenberg, who then relayed the money to three women.[177] Investigators were examining whether Gaetz asked women to recruit others for sex.[178][179] On April 8, Greenberg's attorneys stated in court that Greenberg was likely to strike a plea deal in his 33-count indictment and cooperate with prosecutors.[180][181] The New York Times reported days later that Greenberg began cooperating with investigators in 2020, after realizing prosecutors had overwhelming evidence against him.[182]

In April 2021, The Daily Beast reported that it had received three confession letter drafts by Greenberg, in which he wrote that he and Gaetz had sex with a 17-year-old girl they thought was 19. Greenberg also wrote that payments were made on behalf of Gaetz to multiple women, including the 17-year-old girl, in exchange for sex. The Daily Beast detailed screenshots of text messages between Greenberg and Roger Stone, with similar allegations as above, involving "MG". The confession letter drafts and text messages were unsuccessful attempts by Greenberg to secure a pardon from the Trump administration. Gaetz's public relations company denied the allegations.[183]

Counter-claim of extortion

Gaetz denied the allegations, claiming that he and his family were "victims of an organized criminal extortion involving a former DOJ official seeking $25 million".[2][4] In a March 30 interview with Tucker Carlson on Fox News, Gaetz mentioned allegations that he had been photographed "with child prostitutes" and said the allegations were false.[184][185]

Gaetz asserted that the alleged extortion began earlier that month with a text message to his father, demanding money in exchange for making sex trafficking allegations "go away".[186] According to the Gaetzes, they received communications on March 16 claiming that the FBI had photographs of Matt Gaetz engaged in a "sexual orgy with underage prostitutes". The sender demanded money to help secure the release of Robert Levinson (who had disappeared in Iran in 2007 and had already been presumed and declared dead), proposing that President Joe Biden would pardon Gaetz as a reward for freeing Levinson.[187][188][189]

Gaetz said his attorneys contacted the FBI, which he said informed them that Gaetz was a subject, not a target, of an investigation. He claimed his father agreed to wear a "wire" to record the alleged extortionists.[190] Gaetz sent Axios screenshots of text messages, emails and documents outlining the alleged extortion scheme, which he claimed was being run by David McGee, a former federal prosecutor who had been a private attorney since 2005.[191][192] McGee's law firm called Gaetz's allegation "completely, totally false" and defamatory,[186] telling The Daily Beast that Gaetz was attempting to distract from the sex trafficking investigation.[193]

Response and Congressional investigation

Denying any romantic relationships with minors, Gaetz said on March 30 that he did not plan to resign from the House.[2] On March 31, House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy said he had no plans to remove Gaetz from his seats on the Judiciary and Armed Services committees, but said he might change his mind if Gaetz "gets indicted"[194] or "if it comes out to be true."[195]

On April 1, 2021, CNN reported that Gaetz had shown pictures of naked women to colleagues on the House floor. Allegedly, Gaetz had claimed to have slept with the women in the photos.[196] The next day, his communications director, Luke Ball, and his legislative director, Devin Murphy, resigned. Both had begun working for Gaetz when he joined Congress in 2017.[197][198][199]

On April 8, Gaetz's congressional office released a statement purportedly from his female employees vouching for his character, stating they "uniformly reject these allegations as false". Gaetz's new communications director, Joel Valdez, told Forbes "all of the office's eight female staffers signed it", but the version of the statement that was released did not contain anyone's signature and did not otherwise identify any specific employee.[200] In the evening on April 8, Representative Adam Kinzinger tweeted that Gaetz should resign, becoming the first congressional Republican to make such a call.[201][202]

On April 9, the United States House Committee on Ethics opened an investigation into allegations that Gaetz "may have engaged in sexual misconduct and/or illicit drug use, shared inappropriate images or videos on the House floor, misused state identification records, converted campaign funds to personal use, and/or accepted a bribe, improper gratuity, or impermissible gift".[203]

On April 6, 2021, The New York Times reported that in the last weeks of the Trump administration Gaetz privately requested a blanket preemptive presidential pardon, which was denied as bad precedent. By the end of the Trump administration, Greenberg was already under indictment; federal agents had seized the phone of one of Gaetz's former girlfriends in November;[204] Gaetz's own phone was also seized, and he changed his phone number in late December;[3] and investigators had been questioning some Gaetz associates. Gaetz argued in a November 24, 2020, appearance on Fox News that the reason that Trump "should pardon everyone" was that "the radical left" had "bloodlust" to "come after" Republicans.[205][206] Trump said Gaetz had not asked him for a pardon.[207]

In late April 2021, Gaetz fundraised to run his own political ads, claiming that he was under attack by powerful interests such as "big government, big tech, big business, big media" that perceived him as a political threat.[208]

Personal life

Gaetz grew up in a house that was used in the film The Truman Show. As of 2018, his parents still live in that house, in Seaside, Florida. A sign on their white picket fence says "the Truman house".[209]

His younger sister Erin was director of digital content for Jeb Bush's 2016 presidential campaign.[210]

In June 2020, following an argument with then-Representative Cedric Richmond, Gaetz said he had been living with a 19-year-old immigrant from Cuba, Nestor Galbán, since Galbán was 12, and considered Galbán his son. He later clarified that Galbán is the brother of an ex-girlfriend of Gaetz's and that Galbán spends time with his sister, with Gaetz's family, and with Gaetz.[211] The two are not related genetically or legally.[212][213][214] Gaetz said, "Our relationship as a family is defined by our love for each other, not by any paperwork."[211] In 2016, he called Galbán a "local student"; in 2017, he called Galbán "my helper".[214]

In December 2020, Gaetz announced his engagement to his girlfriend, Ginger Luckey, the sister of Oculus VR founder and major Republican donor Palmer Luckey.[1][215]

Driving offenses

Between 1999 and 2014, Gaetz received 16 speeding tickets in Florida.[216]

In 2008, Gaetz was arrested for driving under the influence as he was driving back from a nightclub on Okaloosa Island, Florida. Police recorded him driving 13 miles per hour over the speed limit and noted that he showed physical signs of intoxication.[217] Gaetz initially denied that he had drunk alcohol, but later admitted to drinking two beers. He failed an eye test twice, then declined field sobriety tests. After Gaetz was arrested, he refused to take a breathalyzer test.[217]

Shortly after Gaetz's case was referred to state attorney Steve Meadows, Gaetz's driving license was reinstated. Though Florida law requires a year's suspension when a driver refuses a breathalyzer test, Gaetz's suspension was less than a year long. His refusal also did not lead to a criminal prosecution, where it could have been used against him. A Florida Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles officer declared there was no evidence that Gaetz refused a breathalyzer test, despite the arresting police officer having documented it in an affidavit, the arrest report, and Gaetz's own attorney also documenting it. Gaetz's attorney also claimed that an unnamed witness who knew Gaetz "observed no indication of impairment".[217] The charges against Gaetz were dismissed.[217]


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External links

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Jeff Miller
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 1st congressional district

U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Brian Fitzpatrick
United States representatives by seniority
Succeeded by
Mike Gallagher