Open main menu

Louisiana's 2nd congressional district

Louisiana's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Louisiana. The district contains nearly all of the city of New Orleans and stretches west and north to Baton Rouge.

Louisiana's 2nd congressional district
Louisiana US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Louisiana's 2nd congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Cedric Richmond
DNew Orleans
Distribution
  • 94.68[1]% urban
  • 5.42% rural
Population (2016)792,390[2]
Median income$37,340[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+25[3]

The district is currently represented by Democrat Cedric Richmond.

HistoryEdit

Louisiana gained the 2nd Congressional District in 1823 as part of the 18th United States Congress. At first it comprised New Orleans and significant populations from surrounding areas. With the growth of population in the urban area, the current district is located mostly within the city of New Orleans.

Since the late 19th century, this has been historically among the most safely Democratic seats in the country, for sharply opposing reasons. During Reconstruction, most African Americans affiliated with the Republican Party and, as a majority, elected Republicans from this district.

White Democrats regained control of the district in 1891, when voter suppression of Republicans was rampant. They kept the seat through much of the 1960s, largely because of disenfranchising blacks. In 1898 the Democratic-dominated state legislature had disenfranchised most blacks in the state through provisions of a new state constitution that raised barriers to voter registration, such as poll taxes and subjective literacy tests. The Democrats had maintained the political exclusion of blacks for decades. Like most congressional districts in the South, this district consistently voted Democratic from the late 19th century until the late 1960s, because the voters during that time were nearly all white Democrats. Such Democrats created what was known as the Solid South in Congress, exercising power beyond their proportion of the electorate. Throughout this period, New Orleans had a significant proportion of African Americans as residents, but they were utterly excluded from the political system.

Following passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, the federal government oversaw voter registration and elections in areas in which portions of the population had been historically underrepresented, as was the case across the Southern states. Since that time, African Americans in the South have re-entered the political process. Most have affiliated with the Democratic Party, as its national leaders supported the civil rights movement and important legislation. The 2nd was configured as a "Majority-Minority" district to ensure minority voters have a chance to elect representatives of their own choice to Congress, and to guard against adverse racially motivated gerrymandering. Since 1983, it has been drawn as a black-majority district. It is the only black-majority district containing any territory west of the Mississippi River.[citation needed]

In 2008, when the population of the 2nd Congressional District was still reduced due to the damage of Hurricane Katrina in 2005, Joseph Cao was elected as the first Republican to represent the 2nd Congressional District and most of New Orleans in more than a century. (Since the late 20th century, many white conservatives had shifted into the Republican Party and majority-white districts in the South became Republican.) Cao was the first Vietnamese-American U.S. Representative elected in the country. He was the only Republican in the 111th Congress to represent a district with a predominantly African-American population.

For most of the period from 1983 to 2013, this district contained nearly all of the city of New Orleans (except for a small portion is located in the neighboring 1st Congressional District), and some of its suburbs. From 2003 to 2013, the legislature defined it as including the West Bank portion of Jefferson Parish and South South Kenner, which have a higher proportion of white residents.[4] After the 2010 census, the state legislature redefined it to encompass territory slightly to the west, and pick up a portion of Baton Rouge.

Recent presidential electionsEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 76 - 22%
2004 President Kerry 75 - 24%
2008 President Obama 74 - 25%
2012 President Obama 76 - 23%
2016 President Clinton 75 - 22%


List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Term Cong
ress
Electoral history Location
District created March 4, 1823
Henry Hosford Gurley Adams-Clay Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
21st
Elected in 1822.
Re-elected in 1824.
Re-elected in 1826.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1823–1833
East Baton Rouge, Feliciana, Iberville, West Baton Rouge, Pointe Coupee, Saint Helena, Saint Tammany, and Washington parishes
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1831
 
Philemon Thomas
Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd
23rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Eleazer Wheelock Ripley
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Thomas Withers Chinn Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
John Bennett Dawson
Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Alcée Louis la Branche Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th [Data unknown/missing.] 1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
Bannon Goforth Thibodeaux Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1849
29th
30th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles Magill Conrad
Whig March 4, 1849 –
August 17, 1850
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned to become United States Secretary of War
Vacant August 17, 1850 –
December 5, 1850
 
Henry Adams Bullard
Whig December 5, 1850 –
March 3, 1851
31st [Data unknown/missing.]
Joseph Aristide Landry Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
32nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Theodore Gaillard Hunt Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd [Data unknown/missing.] 1853–1863
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Miles Taylor
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
February 5, 1861
34th
35th
36th
Withdrew due to onset of Civil War
Vacant February 5, 1861 –
December 3, 1862
 
Michael Hahn
Unionist December 3, 1862 –
March 3, 1863
37th [Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant March 4, 1863–
July 18, 1868
U.S. Civil War and Reconstruction era
James Mann Democratic July 18, 1868 –
August 26, 1868
40th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant August 26, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
House left seat vacant due to election dispute
 
Lionel Allen Sheldon
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41st
42nd
43rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
 
Ezekiel John Ellis
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1885
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Michael Hahn
Republican March 3, 1885 –
March 15, 1886
49th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant March 15, 1886 –
December 9, 1886
Nathaniel Dick Wallace Democratic December 9, 1886 –
March 3, 1887
49th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Matthew Diamond Lagan
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Hamilton D. Coleman
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Matthew Diamond Lagan
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
52nd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert Charles Davey
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
53rd [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles Francis Buck
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
54th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Robert Charles Davey
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
December 26, 1908
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant December 26, 1908 –
March 30, 1909
Samuel Louis Gilmore Democratic March 30, 1909 –
July 18, 1910
61st [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant July 18, 1910 –
November 8, 1910
 
H. Garland Dupré
Democratic November 8, 1910 –
February 21, 1924
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant February 21, 1924 –
April 22, 1924
James Z. Spearing Democratic April 22, 1924 –
March 3, 1931
68th
69th
70th
71st
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Paul H. Maloney
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
December 15, 1940
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
Vacant December 15, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
 
Hale Boggs
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
77th [Data unknown/missing.]
Lost renomination.
 
Paul H. Maloney
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1947
78th
79th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Hale Boggs
Democratic January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1973
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
Presumed dead after private plane went missing over Alaska October 16, 1972. Seat declared vacant at beginning of the 93rd Congress.
Vacant January 3, 1973 –
March 20, 1973
  1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Lindy Boggs
Democratic March 20, 1973 –
January 3, 1991
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
Elected to finish her husband's term.
Retired.
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William J. Jefferson
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 2009
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
2003–2013
 
2003 – 2013
 
Joseph Cao
Republican January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
Lost re-election.
 
Cedric Richmond
Democratic January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.
2013–present
 
2013 – Present

Recent Election ResultsEdit

2002Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William J. Jefferson* 90,310 63.53
Democratic Irma Muse Dixon 28,480 20.03
Republican Silky Sullivan 15,440 10.86
Democratic Clarence "Buddy" Hunt 4,137 2.91
Libertarian Wayne Clement 3,789 2.67
Total votes 142,156 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William J. Jefferson* 173,510 79.01
Republican Art Schwertz 46,097 20.99
Total votes 219,607 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District General Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William J. Jefferson* 28,283 30.08
Democratic Karen Carter Peterson 20,364 21.66
Democratic Derrick D.T. Shepherd 16,799 17.87
Republican Joe Lavigne 12,511 13.31
Democratic Troy A. Carter 11,304 12.02
Republican Eric T. Bradley 1,159 1.23
Democratic Regina Bartholomew 1,125 1.20
Total votes 91,545 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold
Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District General Election RUNOFF (December 9, 2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic William J. Jefferson* 35,153 56.55
Democratic Karen Carter Peterson 27,011 43.45
Total votes 62,164 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (December 6, 2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Joseph Cao 33,132 49.54
Democratic William J. Jefferson* 31,318 46.83
Green Malik Rahim 1,883 2.82
Libertarian Gregory W. Kahn 549 0.82
Total votes 66,882 100.00
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2010Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cedric Richmond* 83,705 64.59
Republican Joseph Cao* 43,378 33.47
Independent Anthony Marquize 1,876 1.45
Independent Jack Radosta 645 0.50
Total votes 129,604 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic gain from Republican

2012Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cedric Richmond* 158,501 55.20
Democratic Gary Landrieu 71,916 25.00
Republican Dwayne Bailey 38,801 13.50
Republican Josue Larose 11,345 3.90
Libertarian Caleb Trotter 6,791 2.40
Total votes 287,354 100.00
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2014Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cedric Richmond* 152,201 69
Democratic Gary Landrieu 37,805 17
No Party David Brooks 16,327 7
Libertarian Samuel Davenport 15,237 7
Total votes 221,570 100.00
Turnout   47.6
Democratic hold

2016Edit

Louisiana's 2nd Congressional District Election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cedric Richmond* 198,289 70
Democratic Melvin Holden 57,125 20
Democratic Kenneth Cutno 28,855 10
Total votes 284,269 100.00
Turnout   67.7
Democratic hold

2018Edit

Louisiana's 2nd congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Cedric Richmond (incumbent) 190,182 80.6
Independent Jesse Schmidt 20,465 8.7
Independent Belden "Noonie Man" Batiste 17,260 7.3
Independent Shawndra Rodriguez 8,075 3.4
Total votes 235,982 100.0
Democratic hold

Living former MembersEdit

As of January 2017, there are two living former members. The most recent and most recently serving representative to die was Lindy Boggs (served 1973–1991) on July 27, 2013.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
William J. Jefferson 1991–2009 (1947-03-14) March 14, 1947 (age 72)
Joseph Cao 2009–2011 (1967-03-13) March 13, 1967 (age 52)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ "The Political Graveyard". politicalgraveyard.com.

Coordinates: 30°02′48″N 90°34′07″W / 30.04667°N 90.56861°W / 30.04667; -90.56861